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JAPANESE-ENGLISH

AND

ENGLISH-JAPANESE

DICTIONARY.

BY

J. C. HEPBURN, M.D 4 , LL.D

ABRIDGED B Y THE A UTHOR.

NEW YORK :

A. D. F. RANDOLPH & COMPANY,

770 Broadway.

LONDON: .TRUBNER & CO., 57 & 59 LUDGATE HTLL.

1873-

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1873, by

J. C. HEPBURN,

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C.

EDWARD O. JENKINS, R0B-ERT RUTTER,

PRINTER AND STEREOTYPER, BINDER,

20 N. WILLIAM ST., N. Y. 84 beekman street, n. v.

PREFACE.

. In order to render the Dictionary more portable and convenient
*a size, the Author has thought it best to abridge the larger work
and bring it out in its present form. In so doing, he has omitted
the Chinese and Japanese characters, the synonyms, and the ex-
amples showing the use of the words, excepting such as contained
a peculiar idiom, and which could not be included in a definition.

All the native Japanese words, with the exception of those which
were rarely used or obsolete, have been retained ; as, also, all the
words derived from the Chinese which are in current use.

In most cases, the arrangement of the compound words, espe-
cially of the verbs and Chinese words, has been altered ; and,
instead of making each an independent word, they have been
arranged under the first member of the compound, as may be seen
in the case of Abura, Fumi> or Rai.

The Second, or English and Japanese, Part, has not been
abridged or altered from the original, except in the correction
of such typographical errors as were met with.

In order that the Dictionary may be more easily understood, it
may be well to explain that, in the Japanese and English Part, the
root of the verb only is printed in small capitals, that which follows

(iii)

IV PREFACE.

in italics, separated by a dash, are the adjective form, and the preter-
ite tense, as, ABAK.l r ku,-zta, should be read Abaki, abaku, abaita ;
AGE,-ru,-ta, should be read, Age, ageru, ageta, and Ml,-ru,-ta,
should be read, Mi, mz’ru, mita. Also, in the case of the adjec-
tives, when printed Ouoiy-ki^kuy-shi, it should be read, Omoi,
omoki, 07noku, o?noshi, the first and second being the attributive,
the third the adverbial, and the fourth the predicative forms of the
adjective.

The hyphen is used always to connect the different members of
a compound word.

J. C. H.

ORTHOGRAPHY.

a has the sound of a in father, arm.

e has the sound of ey in they, prey.

i has the sound of i in machine, pique, or like the sound of e in

mete.
o has the sound of o in no, so. x The horizontal mark over o and

u, indicates merely that the sound of o and u is prolonged.
u has the long sound of u in rule, tune, or oo in moon, excepting

in the syllables tsu, dzu, and su, when it has a dose sound,

resembling, as near as possible, the sound of u pronounced

with the vocal organs fixed in the position they are in just

after pronouncing the letter s.
ai has the sound of ai in aisle, or like eye.
au has the sound of ow in cow, how.
ch is pronounced like ch in cheek, cheap,
sh is pronounced like sh in shall, ship, shop.
f has a close resemblance to the sound of the English f but differs

from it, in that the lower lip does not touch the upper teeth ;

the sound is made by blowing fu softly through the lips

nearly closed, resembling the sound of wh in who : fu is an

aspirate, and might, for the sake of uniformity, be written Jiu.
g in the Yedo dialect, has the soft sound of ng ; but in Kiyoto,

Nagasaki, and the Southern provinces it has the hard sound

of g in go, gain.
r in ra, re, ro, ru, has the sound of the English r ; but in ri it is

pronounced more like d ; but this is not invariable, as many

natives give it the common r sound.
se in Kiyoto, Nagasaki, and the Southern Provinces, is pronounced

she, and ze like je.

The final n, when at the end of a word, has always the sound

of ng ; as, mon = mojig, san = sang, ni?i = ning ; but in the

body of a word, when followed by a syllable beginning with b, m

or p, it is pronounced like m, as, ban-min = bamming ; mon-bau,

(v)

VI

ABBREVIATIONS.

= mombang ; skin-pai = shim-pai. Before the other consonants
it has the sound of n ; as, an-nai, ban-dai, han-jo.

The sounds of the other consonants, viz., b, d, h, j, k> m, n, p,
s, t, w, y and z, do not differ from their common English sounds.

ABBREVIATIONS.

a. .

stands for adjective.

adv.

” adverb.

Budd.

Buddhist.

caust.

” causative form of the verb.

coll.

” colloquial.

conj.

” conjunction.

dub.

” future or dubitative form of the verb.

ex clam.

” exclamation or interjection.

fut.

” future tense.

imp.

” imperative mood.

i. v.

” intransitive verb.

n.

” noun.

neg.

” negative form of the verb.

pass.

” passive.

pot.

” potential.

post-pos.

” post-position.

p.p.

” perfect participle.

p. pr.

” present participle.

pret.

” preterite or past tense.

pro.

” pronoun.

t.v.

” transitive verb.

id.

” the same.

=

” equal to.

in the First Part of the Dictionary, stands for the repetition of

the

Japanese word ; in the Second Part, for the repetition of

the

English word.

JAPANESE-ENGLISH

DICTIONARY.

A

Aa. Ah ! alas ! oh !

Aa, adv. In that way, so, that. — suru,
to do in that way. — z#, that way, that
manner.

ABAi,-au,-atta, t.v. To shield or screen
from danger, to protect, defend.

ABAKE,-ru,-ta, i.v. To be broken open ;
to be divulged, made public.

Abaki -ku-ita, t.v. To break or dig
open that which confines or covers some-
thing else ; to expose or divulge ; as, a
secret.

Abara, n. The side of the chest.

Abara-bone, n. A rib.

Abara-ya, n. A dilapidated house, a
shed.

ABARE,-r#,-fo, i.v. To act in a wild,
violent, turbulent, or destructive man-
ner ; to be disorderly, riotous.

Abare-mono, n. A riotous, disorderly
fellow.

AbarIj n. A bamboo needle used for
making nets.

Abata, n. Pock-marks.

Abekobe-ni, adv. In a contrary, oppo-
site, or reversed manner ; inside out,
upside down.

AB,-ru-ta, t.v. To bathe by pouring
water over one’s self.

Abiko, n. A kind of lizard.

ABiSE,-ru,-ta, t.v. To pour water over
or bathe another,

Abu, n. A horse-fly.

Abuku, n. Bubbles, froth, foam.

Abumi, n. A stirrup. Abumi-shi, a stir-
rup-maker.

ABUNAGARi,-r#,-ta, Lv. To feel timid, to
be fearful.

Abunai,-/£z”,-,£?*,-^z”, a. Dangerous, per-
ilous, hazardous. Abunai, take care.

Abunasa, n. The danger, peril, hazard.

Abura, n. Oil, grease, fat, sweat. — no
shimi, a grease spot. Abura-ashi,
sweaty feet. Abura-daru, an oil-tub.
Abura-de, sweaty hands. Abura-ga-
mi, oil-paper. Abura-hi, an oil light.
A bura-kasu, oil-cake. Abura-kaiva,
the membrane that encloses the fat.
Abura-mushi, a cockroach. Abura-
nuki, anything that extracts grease.
Abura-sas/iz, an oil-can. Abura-
shime, an oil-press. Abura-tsubo, an
oil-jar. Abura-tsugi, an oil-can. A-
bura-ya, an oil-store, an oil-seller. A-
bura-ye, an oil-painting. Abura-zara,
sl lamp-cup.

Aburage. Anything fried in oil.

ABURA-GiRi,-rw,-/«, i.v. To become
oily on the surface, to be covered with
sweat.

Aburake. Oily, fatty, greasy (in taste).

Aburami, n. The fat, or fatty part of
flesh.

Abura-na, n. The rapeseed plant.

A BURE,-r u-ta, i.v. To overflow, to in-
undate, to be covered with a multitude ;
to be left over.

Abure-mono, n. A ruffian, disorderly
fellow.

ABjRi,-ru -tta, t.v. To hold or place
near a fire in order to warm, dry, roast
or toast. Aburi-ka-iuakasii, to dry at
the fire. Aburi-kogasu, to char or
scorch. Aburi-korosu, to roast to
death, burn at the stake.

Aburiko, n. A gridiron.

Achi, adv. There, that place.

Achi-kochi, adv. Here and there, all
about, more or less.

Achira, adv. There, that place, yonder.

Ada, n. An enemy, adversary, foe. Ada
suru, to oppose.

CO

ADA

AI

Ada, a. Useless, vain, empty, fictitious.
Ada-dama, a ball or shot that missed
the mark. Ada-bana, blossoms which
bear no fruit. Ada-gucki, empty, tri-
fling or foolish talk.

Adafuda, adv. Capricious, whimsical,
changeable, unsteady.

Ada-gataki, n. An enemy.

Adakamo, adv. Just, precisely, exactly.

Adameki,-^«,-^, i. v. To be idle, in-
dolent, fond of pleasure.

Ada-na, a. Lovely, charming, voluptu-
ous.

Ada-na, n. A fictitious name, nick-
name.

Ada-ni, adv. Uselessly, vainly, un-
profitably.

Auappoi, a. Lovely, charming, fascinat-
ing.

Adavaka, a. Beautiful.

Adena, a. Beautiful, gay, genteel.

Adeyaka, a. Beautiful, gay, or genteel
in appearance.

Adokenai,–£z’,-£#,-.s-^z”, a. Ignorant,
without judgment, simple.

Adzuchi, n. A mound or bank of earth
against which a target is plaeed.

Ai>zJK.AR,-ru,-ta, i. v. To receive, to
be intrusted with, to have consigned or
committed to one’s care, to have charge
of, to partake or participate in, to be
employed in, to be the subject of, to be
the recipient of.

Adzuke,-?- */,-/#, t. v. To commit to the
care of another, to entrust, to give in
charge, to deposit, consign.

Adzuki, n. A small red bean.

AFURE,-r#,-ta, i. v. Same as Abure,-
ru.

Agaki,-£«,-zV#, i. v. To paw with the
feet, to gallop, prance ; to move the
legs as a tortoise when lying on its
back ; to struggle, scramble ; to exert,
strive, hasten.

AGAME,-rz/,-ta, t. v. To exalt, to adore,
to glorify, to honor.

Aganau,-««,-^, t> &• To atone for, to
make satisfaction for, to compensate, to
redeem, to make good.

Agari, -ru,-tta, i. v. To ascend, rise, go
up, to enter ; to take (as food, drink) ;
to come ; to be confiscated or taken
away by government ; to be done or
finished. Agari-ba, a platform, a raised
place for standing on. Agari-dan, a
ladder, steps, stairs. Agari-dcnji, con-
fiscated land. Agari-guchi, the en-
trance to a flight of steps. Agari-sa-
gari, rise and fall, up and down. Aga-
ri-ya, a gaol. Agari-yashiki, confis-
cated house.

AGE,-r«,-ta, t. v. To elevate, to raise,

to give, to offer in sacrifice, to reckon,

to tell, to finish.
AcE,-r«,-/a, t. v. To fry.
Age, n. A tuck (in a garment).
Ageba, n. A landing, wharf, jetty, a

place for unloading goods.
Age-buta, n. A trap door.
Agechi, n. Weaning a child.
Agegotatsu, n. A brazier placed on a

stand.
Ageku-ni, adv. At last, finally.
Age-maki, n. The two round tufts of

hair left over the temples in shaving a

young boy’s head ; a boy of the age of

from three to ten years ; a kind of tow-
knot.
AGE-MOCHii,-_y«r«,-^, i. v. To elevate

from a low social position to service in

a prince’s employ.
Age-nabe, n. A frying-pan.
Agetsurai,-0,-o/#, /. v. To discuss, to

discourse on, to reason on.
Agi, n. Assafoetida.
Agi, or Agoto, n. The lower jaw.
Ago, or Agota, n. The chin, lower

jaw.
Agu mi, -mu,-nda, i. v. Tired, wearied,

to have one’s patience exhausted.
Agune,-?- #,-**«, i. v. To be surfeited,

glutted.
Agura, n. Sitting with the legs crossed

tailor fashion.
Ahen, n. Opium.
Ahiru, ii. The domestic duck.
Aho, n. A dunce, fool ; stupid, foolish,

silly.
Ah6rashii,-/£/,-/£z*, a. Foolish, silly,

stupid in manner.
Ai, (jtsukuskimi), n. Love, affection.

— suru, to love, as a parent or friend.
Ai, n. Indigo, the Polygonum Tine-

torium.
Ai, (kanashimi), n. Sorrow, sadness,

grief.
Ai, n. Interval of time or space ; time,

during, between.
Ai, au, atta, i. v. To meet, to meet

with, encounter, suffer, to happen on,

to find.
Ai, au, atta, i. v. To agree, correspond,

accord, suit, fit.
Ai-ai-ni, adv. At various intervals of

time or space ; together.
Ai-ban, n. A fellow watchman.
Ai-bi, n. The plank laid from a boat to

land by.
AiBiAi,-au,-attai t. v. The same as Ayu~

mi-ai.
Ai-biki, n. A mutual retreat or with-
drawal.

AI

AKA

Ai-bo, n. A fellow chairbearer or coolie.

Ai-BORE,-r#,-/?tf, i. v. To be in love with
each other.

Aida, n. Interval of space or time, time,
space ; between, while, during ; since,
as, because.

Aidagara, n. Relations, connections.

Ai-deshi, n. Fellow pupils, school-
mates.

Aidzu, n. A signal, sign.

Ai-dzuchi, n. A large sledge-hammer.

At-dzumi, n. A ball of indigo used in
dyeing.

Ai-dzuri, n. Printed with blue figures.

Ai-gai, n. Mutual injury.

Ai-gumi, n. Belonging to the same com-
pany.

Ai-gusuri, n. A medicine adapted to
the disease, a specific.

Ai-jirushi, n. An ensign, banner, badge,
signal.

Ai-kagi, n. A false key, a fellow key to
the same lock.

Ai-kamayete, adv. Certainly, positive-
ly, by all means.

Ai-kasa, n. Two persons under one um-
brella. — de aruku.

Ai-kata, n. A mate, partner, compan-
ion, fellow, playmate, comrade ; a coun-
terpart, or impression.

Ai-kotoba, n. A signal (by words or
sounds), countersign, watch-word.

Ai-kuchi, n. A short sword without a
hilt ; a dagger.

Ai-kugi, n. A nail fixed in the edge of a
board to join it with another.

Ai-MUKAi,-tf«,-a/7<z, i. v. To be oppo-
site or facing each other.^

Ai-mukai-ni, adv. Opposite each other,
face to face.

Ai-muko, n. Persons who have married
sisters, brothers-in-law.

Ai-naka, n. Intimacy, friendly inter-
course, amicable and familiar terms.

Airashii,-£z, a. Lovely, darling, pretty,
sweet, beautiful.

Airo, n. A blue color for painting.

Aisatsu, n. Salutation, acknowledgment
of a favor, an answer. — suru, to sa-
lute, to mediate, or interpose and set-
tle a difficulty between parties at vari-
ance.

Aisatsu-nin, n. A peace-rrfaker, a me-
diator, intercessor.

Ai-shi, n. Beloved child.
Ai-so, n. Love, attachment ; civil, cour-
teous, or polite in treatment of others.
— wo suru, to treat courteously.
Aisodzukashi,-jz/,-zVz, i. v. To cool in
affection or attachment to another ; to
treat with rudeness or incivility.

AisoMUKi,-/£^,-zVrt, t. v. To turn the
back on each other.

Aisonage-xi, adv. In an uncourteous,
uncivil or rude manner.

Aisorashii,-/ z,-/£z/, a. Kind, civil, cour-
teous or polite in manner.

Aita, exclam. It hurts, it pains.

Aitagai-ni, adv. Mutually, together,
with or amongst one another.

Ai-tai,-£z’,-/£#, a. Wish to meet, would
like to see.

Aitai, adv. Face to face, opposite to each
other ; between themselves, without the
presence or intervention of another.

Aitai-gai, n. Trading or buying direct-
ly, without the intervention of a third
person.

Aitai-ni, adv. Privately, by themselves,
without the interposition or presence
of others.

Aite, n. A mate, partner, companion ;
an opponent, antagonist, adversary,
competitor, the other party in any af-
fair.

AiTEDORi,-rz*,-zYtf, t. v. To treat as an
enemy or opposing party (as in a law-
suit, or quarrel) ; against.

Aitsu, n. That low fellow.

Aiyake, n. The daughter-in-law’s or
son-in-law’s father.

Aiyaku, n. A fellow officer.

Aiyome, n. The wives of two brothers ;
or daughters-in-law in the same family.

Aizome, n. Blue-dyed.

Aji, n. Taste, flavor.

Ajikin t ai,-£z,-/£«, a. Unpleasant, unhap-
py, miserable, wearily.

Ajinai,-£z, a. Without flavor, tasteless.

Ajiro, n. A woven work of bamboo,
ratan, or grass.

Ajisai, n. The Hydrangea.

Ajiwai, n. Taste, flavor.

AjiWAi,-6,-6ta, t. v. To taste, to try,
examine.

AkAj v. The water placed by the Bud-
dhists before their idols, and in the
hollow places cut in tomb stones; Holy
water.

Aka, n. Bilge-water.

Aka, n. The dirt or grease of the body,
the dirt or slime of water, dirt.

Aka, a. Red.

Akadaikon, 7t. A beet.

Aka-dama, 7i. A red stone. The name
of a secret medicine, made into red
pills, and used for pain in the stom-
ach.

Akagane, n. Copper.

Akagayeru, n. A species of frog having
a beautifully striped skin.

Akage, 7i. Red hair.

AKA

AK1

Akagashi, n. The name of a tree ; lit.
red oak.

Akagire, n. Chaps, or cracks on the
hands or feet produced by cold.

Akago, n. n. An infant.

Akahadaka, Stark naked, bare of cloth-
ing.

Akahaji, n. Blushing for shame, shame.
— ivo kaku, to blush for shame.

Akahara, n. Dysentery.

Akai,-£z, a. Red.

Akajimita, a. Dirty, soiled by the
grease of the body.

Akaku, adv. Red. — suru, to make
red. — naru, to become red. — nai.
it is not red.

Akamatsu, n. Red pine.

Akambo, n. An infant.

AKAME,-r«,-/tf, t. v. To make red, to
redden.

AKAME-Ai,-rt«,-fl^fl, it v. To confront
each other with flushed face.

Akami, n. A redness, a red color or
tinge of red, the red part, the lean part
of flesh.

AKAMi-DACHi,-£$7*,-ta, £. v. To turn or
become red ; as the leaves or fruit.

AKAMi-wATARi,-r«,-//fl, i. v. To become
red all over, as the sky at sunset.

Akane, n. The name of a root used for
dyeing red ; Madder, or Rubia-cordata.

Aka-otoshi, n. Any thing that will
cleanse or remove dirt from the body
or clothing.

Akaragao, u. A red face.

Akar ami, -mu,-nda, i. v. To become
red, to redden, to blush, to be ripe.

Akara-sama-ni, adv. Without conceal-
ment or disguise, explicitly, plainly,
clearly.

Akare, -r u,-ta, pass, of Aki. To be dis-
liked, loathed.

Akari, n. The light, a light.

Akari-mado, n. A sky-light.

Akari-saki, n. Before one’s light, in
one’s light.

Akari-tori, n. A window, or any place
letting in light.

Akarui,-/£z’,-;£^, a. Light not dark.

Akarusa, n. The lightness, the state or
degree of light.

Akasa, n. The state or degree of red-
ness.

Akashi,-^^,-^, t. v. To declare or make
known something concealed, to confess,
reveal ; to bring to light ; to spend the
whole night in doing anything.

Akashi, n. Proof, evidence.

Aka-suji, n. Red lines, or veins.

Aka-tori, n, A vessel for bailing a
boat.

Akatsuki, n. The dawn of day, day-
break.

AKE,-r«,-/fl, t. v. or i. v. To open ; to
empty, to dawn.

Ake, n. The opening dawn. — mutsu^
six o’clock in the morning. — no
kane, the morning bell. — no tsuki,
the next month. — no toshi, the fol-
lowing year.

Akebono, n. The dim dawn of the
morning.

Ake-gata, n. The dawn.

Ake-gure, n. The darkness just before
day break.

AKE-HANARE,-r«,-M, /. v. To dawn, to
break, (as the day.)

Ake-hanashi,-.t#,-*Vz, t. v. To leave
open.

Ake-kure, n. The rising and setting of
the sun, morning and evening, day and
night, constantly.

Akeni, n. A box made of bamboo, used
in traveling.

Ake-tate, n. Opening and shutting.

Aki, n. Autumn, fall.

Aki,-/£# or kiru, aita, i. v. To be full,
satiated, to have enough ; to be tired
of, wearied.

Aki, n. Satiety, fulness, enough. —
ga deru, to get tired of anything.

Aki, aku, aita, i. v. To be open, emp-
ty, vacant, unoccupied ; to begin.

Aki-bako, n. An empty box.

Akibito, n. A merchant, trader.

Aki-chi, n. Vacant land, unoccupied or
uncultivated ground.

Aki-dana, n. A vacant shop or house.

Akido, n. The gills of a fish.

Aki-hate,-?-^,-^, i. v. To be com-
pletely satiated, to be tired of any-
thing, disgusted.

Aki-iye, n. A vacant house.

Akimekura, n. Amaurosis, or glauco-
ma.

Akimono, n. Merchandise, goods.

AK.WAi,-au,-atta, t. v. To trade, to
traffic, to buy and sell.

Akinai, n. Trade, traffic, commerce.

Akinai-bune, n. A merchant-ship.

Akinai-mono, n. Merchandise, goods,
wares.

Akindo, n. A merchant, trader, trades-
man.

Akippoi, a. Easily tired, soon satisfied,
fickle.

Akiraka, a. Clear, plain, intelligible;
manifest, distinct, obvious, luminous.

Akiraka-ni, adv. Clearly, distinctly,
plainly, evidently, intelligently.

AKiRAME,-rz/,-zVz, t. v. To clear, to make
plain, to understand ; to clear, free or

AKI

AMA

relieve the mind of doubt or suspense,
to satisfy, or set the mind at rest, to be
resigned.

Akirame, n. Ease or relief of mind from
doubt, perplexity or anxiety ; resigna-
tion, satisfaction.

Akire, -?-z*,-zyz, z”. v. To be astonished,
amazed, to wonder, to be surprised.

AKiTARi,-rz^,-zVz, z”. v. To be satisfied, to
have enough, contented.

Aki-ya, n. A vacant house.

Akkenai,-^’,-/^, a. Not enough, not
satisfied, longing for more.

AKKE-NI-TORARE,-rZ/,-Z'<Z, z”. v. To be
amazed, surprised, astonished, thunder-
struck.

Akkerakan, adv. In a vacant, empty
manner ; having nothing to occupy
one’s self with, listlessly.

Akki, n. Evil spirits, a demon.

Akki, n. Noxious vapors, miasma.

Akko, n. Vile, scurrilous, or blackguard
language.

Aku, n. Lye ; also the liquor obtained by
slacking lime, or steeping anything in
water.

Aku, a. Bad, wicked, evil, malignant,
noxious, virulent, foul. — wo suru, to
commit evil. — nichi, an unlucky day.

— biyd, a malignant disease. — chi y
impure blood. — fu, bad customs. —
go, evil deeds. — /z, an evil thing or
act. — ^ giyaku, treason, perfidy. —
nin,_ a bad man. — miyo, a bad name.

— jo, a bad physiognomy. — tai, foul
language.

Akubi, n. Yawning, gaping. — ivosuru,
to yawn, gape.

Akudoi,->£z, a. Quickly producing satie-
ty, cloying, palling, gross in taste ; not
delicate, refined, or proper ; florid.

Aku-ma, n. A demon, devil.

Aku-riyo, n. A malicious spirit of a dead
person.

Akuru, a. The dawning or opening of
the day : ensuing, following, next. —
hi, the next day. — toshi, the following
year.

Akuta, n. Dirt, litter, filth.

Ama, n. A Buddhist nun.

Ama, n. A fisherwoman.

Ama, n. Heaven, the sky ; used only in
compounds.

Ama-agari, n. Clearing off of rain.

Amaboshi, n. Sun-dried, without being
salted.

Amacha, n. The name of a sweet infu-
sion, used as a medicine, and for wash-
ing the image of Shaka, on the anniver-
sary of his birth. ‘

Amadari, n. The rain dropping from the

eaves.
Amadari-uke, n. The spout for con-
ducting rain-water from the trough.

Amadera, n. A convent or nunnery.

Amado, n. A rain-door, the outside
sliding-doors.

Amagappa, n. A rain-coat.

Amakasa, n. A rain-hat, or an umbrella.

Amagayeru, n. A tree-frog.

Amagoi, n. Prayers and sacrifices offered
up to procure rain.

Amagu, n. Articles used to protect from
rain ; as an umbrella, rain-coat.

Amai,-£z’, a. Sweet, pleasant to the taste,
savory ; not enough salt ; loose, not
tight, having too much play ; soft, as,
metal ; foolish.

Amajiwo, n. Slightly salted.

Amakedzuki,-/^,-/^, z. v. To have the
appearance of rain.

Amaku, adv. Sweet. — suru, to
sweeten.

Ama-kudari,-^,-^, z”, v. To descend
from heaven.

Ama-midzu, n. Rain-water.

Ama-mori, n. A leaking of rain through
the roof; a small court-yard in the cen-
tre of a house.

Ama-moyoi, n. A gathering of the clouds
for rain.

Amanai,-«»,-<3!^«, t. v. To taste with
pleasure, relish.

Amaneku, adv. Everywhere, universally,
all, whole.

AMAN]i,-dzuru r ta, i. v. To relish, de-
light in.

Amanogawa, n. The milky way.

Ama-ochi. n. A small court-yard in the
centre of a house ; the gutter or place
where the rain-drops fall from the eaves
of a house.

Ama-6i, n. A covering, or screen to
keep off the rain.

Amareru, z. v. To be left over, to be
over and above.

AMARi,-ru,-tta, i. v. To exceed, to be
more, or greater than, to be beyond or
above, to remain over, to be left over.

Amari, n. That which is left over, the
remainder, excess, surplus, overplus.

Amari, adv. Very, exceedingly, more
than, too, above.

Amari-na, or, Amari-no, a. Excessive,
more than is common or reasonable,
immoderate, inordinate, extraordina-
ry-

Amasa, n. The state or degree of sweet-
ness.

Amashi,-j«,-^, t. v. To let remain, leave
over.

AMA

Ama-shoji, n. An outside or rain door,
made of sash pasted with oiled paper.

Amaso-na, a. Having the appearance of
being sweet, or pleasant to the taste.

Amassaye, adv. Moreover, besides, still
more.

Amata, a. Many, much.

Ama-yadori, n. Shelter from the rain.

Amayakashi,-j«,-/^, t. v. To humor,
pet, indulge, as a child ; to dandle or
amuse a child.

Amaye, n. Indulgence, humoring or pet-
ting a child.

AMAYE,-ra,-/«, i. v. To be humored,
indulged, petted.

Ama-yo, 71. A rainy night.

Ama-yoke, n. A rain screen.

Ama-zake, n. Sweet sake, a kind of
drink made of fermented rice.

Ambai, n. The seasoning or taste of
food ; the state, condition, way, mode,
manner.

Am-bu. — suru. To quiet, tranquil-
ize, pacify ; to make contented and
happy.

Ame, n. A kind of jelly made of wheat
flour.

Ame, n. The sky, heavens. Ame tsuchi,
heaven and earth.

Ame, n. Rain. — ga furu, it rains.

Ame-furi, n. Rainy weather.

Ameushi, n. A yellow-haired ox.

AmIj n. A net, net-work of any kind, a
seine.

Ami,-;««,-«^, t. v. To net, or make
net-work ; to weave or bind together
with strings ; to compose.

Amida, n. The name of Buddha.

Ami-do, n. A door made of wire gauze.

Amigasa, n. A hat made of bamboo or
rattan.

Ami-hiki, n. A fisherman.

Ami-jiban, n. A shirt made of net-work,
worn in hot weather to protect the gar-
ments from sweat.

Amma, n. Shampooing, also a shampoo-
er. — wo toru y to shampoo.

Ammatori, n. A shampooer.

Ammon, n. A first or rough copy.

Ampi, (yasuku inayu)^ n. Whether well
or not, welfare, health. — wo to, to
inquire after the heaith.

Ampuku, n. Shampooing or rubbing the
abdomen.

An, n. Minced meat, or a mixture of
beans and sugar* used for baking in cakes.

An, (omoz), n. Opinion, thought, ex-
pectation ; also the table, bar or bench
before a judge ; a case or action in law.

Ana. Exclamation of joy, sorrow, sur-
prise, disgust ; how ! oh !

6 ANJ

Ana, n. A hole, cave, pit, mine.

Anadori,-^,-/^, t. v. To despise, con-
temn, scorn, look down upon, disdain.

Anadori, 71. Contempt, disdain, scorn.

Anagachi-ni, adv. By compulsion, right
or wrong, unreasonably, reluctantly.

Anago, n. A species of eel.

Ana-gura, n. A cellar or store-house
underground.

Ana-ichi, 7i. The game of pitch-penny.

Anaji, n. Fistula in ano.

Anata, a. That side, there ; you.

Anchi. Installing or placing an idol
in a temple, to enshrine.

Axdara, n. Nonsense, foolishness.

Ando, n. Ease, happiness, tranquility,
freedom, from care or trouble.

Andon, n. A lamp.

Andzu, n. Apricot.

Ane, n. Older sister.

Ane-bun, n. One who acts the part of
an older sister ; an adopted sister.

Anego, n. Sister.

Ane-muko, n. Older sister’s husband,
brother-in-law.

Ane-mlsume, n. The eldest daughter.

Angiya, n. A Buddhist priest who wan-
ders or travels about from one sacred
place to another for religious purposes ;
a palmer, pilgrim.

Angori, adv. Having the mouth open,
in a gaping manner.

An-guwai, adv. Sticky, gluey, adhe-
sive, glutinous, viscid.

Beta-ichi-men, n. All over without in-
tervals, completely, entirely.

Betatsuki,-£^,-zVz, t. v. To be sticky,
adhesive, glutinous, to stick.

Beto-beto, adv. Sticky, adhesive, glu-
tinous.

Betsu, (Aofca.) n. Separation, distinc-
tion, difference. — no, another, differ-
ent, separate. — «/, separately.

Betsu-betsu-ni, adv. Separately, apart,
asunder.

Betsu-dan. A different case, different
affair, another matter ; different from
others, separate, distinct ; special, ex-
ceptional, particular. — «/, particularly,
specially.

BET 17

Betsu-ji, ‘.
Biyo-ki, (yamaz), n. Sickness, disease.
Biyo-nan, n. Calamity, or affliction from

disease.

Biyo-nin, n. A sick person, a patient.

Biyo-shin, n. Sickly, an invalid.

Bo, n. A pole, a club, stick, bludgeon ;
a blow with a stick. — tsukan, to
fence with a pole. Saki-bb, the fore-
most man, where two are carrying with
the same pole. Ato-bb, the hindmost
man. — zuo hiku, to draw aline across,
to erase.

Bo. A child under five years.

Bo-aku, (takeshiH aku). Fierce and
wicked, atrociously wicked.

Bo-bur, n. A pumpkin.

Bo-chiku, n. Chinese fire-crackers.

Bodzu, n. A bonze or Buddhist priest;
one whose head is shaven.

Bo-fu, (arakaze). A violent wind, a
tempest, hurricane.

Bofuri-mushi, n. The animalculae found
in stagnant water.

Bo-gashira, n. The headman of chair
coolies.

Bo-getsu, (vtochidzuki), n. The full
moon.

Bo-giyaku. Violent, and rebellious
against master or parent, traitor.

Bo-GUI, n. Posts erected to mark a boun-
dary, a sign-post. — wo utsu, to set
up boundary posts.

Bo-gumi, «. Chair-bearer’s guild.

BOH

BU

Bo-han, n. A forged seal, forgery. —

suru, to forge a seal.
Boi, n. Violent, cruel, fierce.
Bo-jaku-bu-jin. Without fear, shame,
or respect for others.

Bo-jitsu, 11. The 15th day of the month,
when the moon is full.

Bor’ASHI,-^,-^ , t. v. To gradually light-
en, from a deep to a lighter color, to
leave plain, unshaded.

Boke, n. The Pirus Japonica.

Boke,-^,-^, 1. v. To fade, to be shaded
from a deeper to a light color ; to de-
generate, to decay, to become childish
from age.

Boke-boke-to, adv. Stupid, silly, child-
ish.

Boki-boki-to, adv. The sound of crack-
ing the fingers, or breaking a radish.
Yubi ioo — oru, to crack the fingers.

Boko, n. (med.) The bladder.

Bokon, n. A ghost, the spirit of one
dead.

Boku, n. A servant ; also in speaking
humbly of one’s self, your servant, I.

Boku, (ki). Wood, wooden. — seki,
wood and stone. — /o, a wooden
sword.

Boku-ri, igeta), n. A kind of wooden
clogs used in wet weather.

Boki -sua, ^. — yoi, very good.

Dzun-dzun, adv. Rapidly, fast.

Dzun-dzun-ni, adv. Into small pieces.
— hiki-saku, to tear into small pieces.

DzuNUKE,-r«,-/«, z”. v. Foolish, silly,
awkward ; to be extraordinary, or out-
landish.

Dzuppuri, adv. All over, completely.
Midzu ni ochite — nureta.

Drura-dzura, adv. Glibly, smoothly. —
kon ivo yomu.

Dzurari-to, adv. One after another, in
a line, continuously ; single file. —
narabu.

Dzu m,-ru,-tta, i. v. To slide dfiwn, to
slip down. Dzuri-komu to slip or
slide down into. Lk&uri-*ochiru y to
slip or slide down anything.

Dzuru-dzuru, adv. Slippery, smoothly,
in a, sHppery manner.

‘Du>vrui,-&u,-s/u a. Cheating, knavish ;
shirking and imposing one’s work on
Others, slow, lazy, idle. Dztiruku suru ?,
to cheat, to be lazy.

DzuRUKE,-r?*,-zvz, z*. v. To be icUe, lazy,
to shirk work.

Dzusa, n. A follower, servant, retainer.

Dzu-shi, n. A small shrine in which
idols are kept.

Dzu-so, n. An erupcion on the scalp.

Dzu-tsu, adv. The number to which it
is joined! separately taken, as Hitotsu-

DZU

34

FUF

dzutsu, one by one, one at a time. Hi-
tori-dzutsu y one person at a time.
Chaivan ni ippai — hi ni san do no-
mu ga yoi, take one teacupful three
times a day.
Dzu-tsu, (kashira no itami), n. Head-
ache.

DzuTSUNAi,-/ t v’,-j/t/, a. Painful, griev-
ous, distressing, hard to bear.

Dzutto, adv. In a direct, straight
course.

Dzu-zan. Fanciful, baseless, unreason-
able, hypothetical.

F

Fu, n. A pawn in the game of chess.

Fu, n. A spot, speck, mark. — iri,
spotted, speckled.

Fu, n. A kind of food, made of wheat-
flour. — ya, the shop where the above
is sold.

Fu, n. An imperial city, of which there
are three only in the empire, viz. : Ki-
yoto, Osaka, and Tokei.

Fu, n. A music book ; musical marks
or notes.

Fu.- A negative prefix.

Fu, n. An envelope, seal, or enclosure
of a letter. Ippu, one enclosure.

Fu, ykaze), n. The wind ; manner, de-
portment, customs. Tai-fu^ typhoon.

Fu-annai. Unacquainted with, especi-
ally with the roads of a country, locali-
ty, house.

Fu-bako, n. A lacquered box used for
carrying letters.

Fu-batsu, (ugokanai). Unalterable, un-
changeable.

Fu-ben. Inconvenient, incommodious,
unsuitable.

Fu-ben. Not eloquent, slow of speech,
not good at talking.

Fu-bin, (satokaradzii). Not clever, not
possessing much ability.

Fu-bin, n. Compassion, pity.

Fubingari ,-?*#,-#«, z. v. To be pitiful,
compassionate.

Fu-bo, li-ruy-ta. To enclose or seal up a
letter, to prohibit, forbid. Fiiji-kome-
ru, to enclose and seal up something
inside of another.

Fujibakama, n. The Valeriana villosa,
valerian.

Fu-jin, (nasake no nai). Unkind, in-
human, without love or pity.

Fu-jin, n. A woman.

Fi-jitsu, , -dzuru,-jita, (arawareru), i. v

To be seen, to appear, to be visible,
manifested.

GENji,-r#, or dzuru,-ta, (Jiabuku), t. v.
To lessen, diminish, retrench, curtail,
abbreviate, to wane.

Genji-mame, n. Sugared beans.

Gen-ju, — suru, to

quell, subdue, to tranquilize, to quiet.
Hei-jitsu. Common, usual, ordinary,

customary, habitual ; always, constant-

ly.

Hei-ki, n. Weapons of war, arms.

Hei-ki, n. Calm, tranquil, undisturbed
in mind, equanimity, composure, cool-
ness.

Hei-kin t . — suru, to make equal or
even, equalize ; to balance, to average.

Hei-ko, . n. A shirt.

Jibiki, n. A dictionary, lexicon.

Ji-bin, u. Dressing one’s own hair. —
wo suru.

Ji-biyo, n. A disease with which one is
often sick, a constitutional complaint.

Ji-bo, n. The five vowel sounds.

Ji-bo-jimetsu. Self-destruction, self ruin.

Ji-boso. Fine in texture. — no tnomen.

Ji-bux, ii. Self, one’s self. — de kaiia,
wrote it myself.

Ji-bux, n. The time ; proper time, op-
portunity. — ga kita y the time has
come.

JlBUN-GARA. According to the season,
that which is suited to the season. —
kanki tsuyoku, the cold is severe for
the season.

Ji-blto, a. Coarse in texture. — no
1710711 en.

Jl-BUTSU, n. The idol which one espe-
cially worships.

Ji-dai, n. Age, period of time. — mo-
no, an antique thing.

JID

94

JIK

Ji-dai, n. Ground rent. — ivo harau.

Jidanda, n. Stamping with the feet,
as in anger. — ivo funde ikaru, to
stamp the feet in rage.

Jidaraku, a. Slovenly, careless in man-
ner. — na hito, a. sloven.

Ji-do, n. A child under 15 years, a
youth.

Jidori, n. Wrestling in sport, or in
training. — ivosuru.

Ji-fu, n. Vain-glory, self-praise, boast-
ful. — suru, to boast.

Ji-fuku, n. Clothes suitable to the
season.

Jigabachi, n. A kind of bee.

Ji-Gai, ‘, glory,
effulgence, brightness.

Ka-ge, (skika no ke). Deer-color, chest-
nut-color.

Kage,-^^,-/^. Same asKakeru. Nicked,
notched, flawed.

Kage, n. Shade, shadow, reflection,
light ; met. secret, unseen ; influence,
power, beneficence, help.’ Kage de ki-
ku^ to hear in secret.

Kage-boshi, n. Dried in the shade.

Kage-b6shi, n. The shadow of a person.

Kage-goto, n. Talking in secret, or of
one behind his back.

Kage-hinata, n. Shade and sunlight ;
met. double-faced, hypocritical, du-
plicity.

Kagema, n. A boy used by sodomists.

Ka-gen, Lag, -gu,~ida, t. v. To smell, to scent.
Kagi-dasu, to scent, to find out by
smelling. Kagi-nareru, accustomed to
the smell or scent of anything. Kagi-
tsukeru, to snuff up, smell, to scent, to
perceive b}^ the smell.

Kagi-bana, n. Smelling, scenting. Inu
ga — wo skite ortt, tae dog is scenting
something.

Kagi-gusuri, n. Fumigating medicines ;
Errhine.

Kagiri, -ru,-tta, i. v. To be limited,
ended, bounded, confined, restricted ;
until the end of, with the exception of;
only ; to shade, shadow ; to set, — as the
sun. Inochi kagiri tatakau, to fight
till death.

Kagiri, n. The limit, end, utmost ex-
tent, boundary. Koye no — ni naki-
sakebu, cried out at the top of his
voice.

Kagi-tabako, n. Snuff.
Ka-givo, n. Business, the occupation or
calling of a family.

Kagi-zaki, n. Torn on a nail, torn or
ripped by catching on anything, — as of
clothes.

Kago, n. A sedan chair, or basket made
of bamboo for riding in. — wo kaku.
to carrry a sedan chair.

Kago, n. A basket, a cage.

Ka-go, n. Care, providence, protection
of the godsi Kami no — de tasuka-
ru.

Kagoji, n. A character or word written
in outline.

Kago-kaki, n. Chair-bearers.

Ka-goto, n. A pretext, excuse.

Kagova, n. A place where kago are
kept for hire.

Kagura, n. A theatrical exhibition in
front of a temple ; also persons wearing
the head of a lion as a mask, who go
about the streets dancing and beg-
ging.

Ka-han. — suru, to fix one’s seal to a
paper as security, or as a witness; to
endorse.

Kahan-nin, n. An endorser, seeurity.

Ka-hi. Good or bad, good or not, should
or not. — wo tsumabiraka ni sedzu,
whether it is good or not is not fully
known.

Kohodo. This much, so much, so much
as this.

Kai, n. Profit, advantage, use, benefit.

Kai, n. An oar, paddle. — wo tsukau,
to work an oar.

Kai, (com. coll. for Kayu), n. Gruel.

Kai, n. A clam, any small bivalve.

Kai. The numeral used in counting hats.
Kasa ikkai, nikai, sangai.

Kai. The numeral used in counting
the stories of a house. Ni-kai, two
stories, or second story.

Kai, <LAi,-au,-atta, t. v. To put anything un-
der, against, or between something else
in order to support, brace, prop, level,
or stay it.

Kai, n. A ravine, gorge.

Kai-awase, n. A kind of game played
with shells.

Kai-ba, n. The sea-horse ; Hippocam-
pus.

Kai-ba, n. Horse-feed.

Kai-biyaku, n. The opening or develop-
ment of the visible universe, — supposed
to be spontaneous : the creation. Ten
chi kaibiyaku i-rai, from the creation
of heaven and earth.

Kai- bo, n. Anatomical dissection.

Ka-ibushi, n. A smoke to keep off mos-
quitoes.

Kai-CHo, (tobari wo hiraku). The cere-
mony of opening the shrine in which
the idol is kept for the public to see and
worship ; a festival.

Kai-dashi,-^,-^, t. v. To buy up goods
or produce from the producer or manu-
facturer.

KaI-DASHI,-JZ/,-ZVZ, t. v. To dip out, to
bale out, to empty out with a dipper.

Kai-darui,-,£z”,–&z*, a. Torpid, dull, dead,
heavy, languid, sluggish.

L i-date, n. A parapet or breastwork
made by joining Targe wooden shields
together.

Kaide, n. A kind of maple.

Kaido, n. The Pyrus Spectabilis.

Kaigaishii,-£/,-/£z*, a. Spoken in admi-
ration or praise of something bold, he-
roic, or useful ; active, prompt.

Kai-gakari, n. Buying on credit.

Kaigake, n. The gross weight, includ-
ing the box or wrappings in which an
article is contained.

Kai-gara, n. Empty shells of clams or
other shell-fish.

Kai-gen. Altering the name of the year
or era.

Kai-gen, ‘ coun-
try ; all the treaty powers. Kakkiyo-
ku, all the offices or departments of
state. Kakkuiva, every person’s task
or exercise. Kaku-ji, each one, every
one. Kakka^ each article or thing.
Kakti-ji^ each place, each piece of
ground. Kakn-han, each or all the
Daimiates.

Kaku, n. A rifle target.

Kaku, n. Rank ; grade, degree of ele-
vation or dignity ; station ; pattern,
rule.

Kaku (mardtd), n. A guest, visitor,
stranger.

Kaku, n. Corner, angle, a horn, square.
Shi-kaku, square, or four cornered.
San-kaku, three cornered.

Kaku, n. A blow with both heels given
to a horse while riding.

Kaku, a. This, thus, so. — no tdri,
this way, this manner.

Kaku, n. A disease of stomach charac-
terizedby vomiting that which has just
been eaten.

Kaku-bakari, adv. Thus, so, this much.

Kaku-ban. n. Alternate watches, watch
and watch.

Kakubei-jishi, n. Young boys who go

KAK

108

KAM

about from place to place, wearing a
mask like a lion’s head, and practising
somersaults and other tricks for a living.

Kaku-betsu, a. Different from the rule
or what is usual j unusual, uncommon,
exceptional, special, particular, extraor-
dinary. — koto, an evception.

Kaku-dan. Different from ordinary, ex-
traordinary, particular, special, import-
ant.

Kaku-gen, n. A maxim, adage, wise-
saying, aphorism.

Kaku-getsu, n. Alternate months,
month about, every other month.

Kakugo, n. Preparation, readiness, an-
ticipation, expectation. — wa yoi ka,
are you ready ?

Kaku-guwai. Contrary to the rule, an
exception ; particular, special, extraor-
dinary. Onna wa — ni suru, women
are an exception. — ni yasui, extra-
ordinarily cheap.

Kakui (hedate gokoro), n. Separation
of heart, unfriendliness, estrangement.

Kaku-jitsu, n. Alternate days, day
about, every other day.

Kaku-kaku, adv. So, thus, this way.

Kaku-kaku, adv. Bright, shining, re-
fulgent, glittering.

KAKUMAi,-««,-«Wfl, t. v. To conceal,
hide, shelter, harbor.

Kaku-maku, n. The cornea.

Kaku-nen, n. Alternate years, year
about, every other year.

Kaku-no-gotoki,-/6« ,-.s&/, a. Thus, in
this way, so, such — referring to some-
thing said before.

K.AKURE,-r^,-ta, t. v. To be hid, con-
cealed, to be secret ; to die.

Kakure-ga, n. A secluded or retired
house.

Kakurembo, n. The game of blindman’s
buff.

Kakure-mi, n. One living in seclusion,
or concealment.

Kaku-sei, n. A new, or strange star.

Kakushi, n. A pocket in a garment.

K.AKUSHi,-.?«,-to, t. v. To hide, con-
ceal, to secrete.

Kakushi-baijo, n. A secret prostitute,
one who does not live in the prescribed
place.

Kakushiki, n. Rank, grade, degree of
elevation or dignity, station in society.

Kaku-shin, n. Estranged, distant, cool,
unfriendly.

Kakute, adv. Then, after this, and, so
then.

Kaku-uchi, n. Target-shooting.

Kaku-ya, n. Alternate nights, night
about, every other night.

Kaku-yaku, adv. Bright, shining, glit-
tering.

Kama, n. An artifice or trick used to
make a suspected person confess the
truth. — wo kakeie makoto zt>o iwa-
seru, to get one to tell the truth by
pretending to know all about it.

Kama, n. A sickle.

Kama, n. A furnace, kiln.

Kama, n. An iron pot.

Kama-ashi, n. Club-foot.

Kamabisushi,-/&/,-/£w, a. Tumultuous,
noisy, boisterous.

Kamaboko, n. A kind of food made of
fish cut up fine, rolled into a ball, and
baked ; hashed fish.

Kama-buta, n. A pot lid.

Kamachi, n. The frame of a door, or
window.

Kamado, n. A furnace, kitchen, range,
a kiln.

J?iAMAi,-au,-atta. t. v. To meddle with,
interfere ; to be concerned about, to
mind, care for ; to matter, be of import-
ance. O kamai nasaru na, don’l
trouble yourself about it, let it alone.

Kama-itachi, n. A sickle-weasel, — an
invisible animal supposed to inflict
wounds on people ; thus if a person
should fallj and without any apparent
cause, receive a cut, they say he is, Ka~
vtaitachi ni kirareta.

KAMAKE,-r« r /a, i. v. To be intent
upon, occupied with, taken up with,
absorbed in.

Kama-kiri, n. A mantis.

KAMARE,-r«-^, pass, or pot. of Kami.
To be bitten, can bite. Ha nashi de
kamarenai, he has no teeth, and there-
fore cannot bite.

KAMASE,-rz^,-ta, caust. of Kamu. To
cause another to bite, to let or get one
to bite. Uma ni kutswwa wo — , to
put a bit in a horse’s mouth.

Kamasu, n. A straw bag.

Kamasu, n. A kind of fish.

Kamaye,-?-74,-A2, t. v. To enclose, to
prepare ; t<5 assume an attitude, post-
ure, or position ; to build, frame, con-
struct ; to concoct, devise.

Kamaye, n. The external arrangement,
form, and appearance of a building ;
manner, attitude, posture, position ; an
enclosure. Migamaye wo suru, to put
one’s self in the proper posture.

Kamayete, adv. Positively, certainly,
must.

Kam-ban, n. A coat worn by a servant,
having the master’s coat of arms on the
back.

Kam-ban, n. A sign-board.

KAM

109

KAN

Kam-base, n. The face, countenance.

Kambatsu, n. A drought, want of rain.

Kam-ben. Consideration, thought, re-
flection, judgment ; patience. — su-
ru, to consider, think over, reflect, de-
liberate on, to weigh in the mind ;
to pardon. — naranu, unpardonable.

Kam-biyo. Nursing, or attending on the
sick. — nin, a sick-nurse.

Kam-bo ‘er.

Kuji-yado, n. An inn where only per-
sons who have lawsuits lodge.

KuKE,-rK,-/^, t. v. To sew the edges of
two pieces together, so that the thread
cannot be seen.

Ku-ketsu, n. Oral instruction.

Ku-ki, n. The atmosphere, air.

Kuki, n. A mountain gorge, glen.

Kuki, n. A stem.

Kukiyaka, a. Clear, bright, fresh and
untarnished in color.

Kukkiri, adv. Clear, bright, fair, or
fresh in color.

Kukkiyo. Good, fit, excellent,- eminent,
distinguished, illustrious.

KuKUME,-r«,-^, t. v. To feed, to put
into the mouth of another — as a bird in
feeding its young.

Kukumi,-w«,-«^, i. zf. To hold in
one’s mouth.

Kukunaki, n. The clucking of a hen.

KuKURi,-r#,-taz, t. v. To bind, tie.
Kubi ivo — , to hang by the neck.

Kukuri, n. Bound, limit, proper re-
straint. Kuku-hakama, a kind of
trowsers, full and tied at the knee.
Kukuri-makura. a pillow made of
muslin stuffed and tied at the ends.

Kuma, n. A bear. — no z, bear’s gall.

Kuma, n. Border, edge ; the shading of
a picture, a dark spot, blur, blemish.

Kuma-bachi, n. A large kind of bee.

Kumade, n. A rake.

Kumadori,-^^,-/^, t. v. To edge with
colors.

Kumagayeri, n. A somersault. — ivo u-
tsu, to turn a somersault.

KuMASHi,-j«,-to, caust. of Kumi, to
cause or let another draw water.

Kumashi,-.tw,-£Vz, caust. of Kzimz to cause
or let another join, braid or plait.

Kumashi. A manure made of rotten
vegetable matter.

Kuma-taka, n. A kind of falcon, or
black eagle.

Ki’-men, n. Pecuniary ability, means,
able to afford or raise money. — ga
yoz to be well off, rich. — iva dekinu,
cannot raise the money.

Ku mi, -/««,-«<&*, t. v. To braid, plait,

weave, twist, or knit together ; to inter-
lace, intertwine ; to lay hold of, or grap-
ple, as a wrestler ; to unite or join to-
gether in a company, to club or league
together. Kzimi-azt, joined together
in one company, band, or firm ; to have
hold of each other, as wrestlers ; knit
together, linked together. Kiuui-fii-
seru, to throw in wrestling. Kumz-
shiku, to throw or hold down another
in wrestling. Kumz’-tateru, to con-
struct, to fit together and erect, as a
house ; to frame ; to plan. Kunzi-
tsuku, to seize hold of each other, as
wrestlers.

KuMi,-;;fK,-«i.i:, t. v. To draw or dip
up, as water ; to lade.

Kumi, n. A company, band, partner-
ship, league, firm, club. Go-nin-gzimi,
a company of five persons or families,
into which the Japanese wards are sub-
divided.

Kumi-gashira, n. The head of a com-
pany, a captain.

KuMi-HAKARi,-*7*,-z7a, /. v. To measure ;
to estimate the capacity, form an esti-
mate of, appreciate.

Kumi-himo, n. Braid, plaited cord.

Kumi-ito, n. Silk-braid.

Kumi-ju, n. A nest of boxes, one fitting
on top of another, for holding
food.

Kumi-kawashi,-.^,-^, t. v. To drink
together, to pass the cup from one to
anothe.

Kumi-ko, n. The members of a com-
pany or club.

KuMi-TORi,-r#,-#<s, t. v. To guess, con-
jecture, divine.

Kumo, n. A cloud. — ga deru, it is
clouding over. — no ashi, the appear-
ance of rain falling in the distance.

Kumo, n. A spider. — no su, a spider’s
web.

Kumoi, n. The clouds, sky ; the one
dwelling in the clouds — the Mikado.

Ku-mon, n. An official document, or
order.

KuMORi,-r#,-z7a:, t. v. To be cloudy,
dim, dusky.

Kumosuke, n. A low kind of chair-
bearer, who frequents the great high-
ways.

Kumo-suki, n. Projected against the
clouds, or horizon.

Ku-motsu, n. Things offered to idols,
such as rice, fruits, cakes.

Kun, n. A stone pavement, or wall ;
the right ; time, period of time.

Mi-giwa, n. Edge of the water, shore.

Migo, n. The stem on which the grains
of rice grow.

Mi-gomori, n. Pregnant, with child.

Mi-goroshi, n. Letting one die without
rendering assistance.

Migoto, a. Beautiful, handsome, pret-
ty.

Mi-GURUSHii,-/£/,->£tt, a. Ugly, offensive
to the eyes, homely.

Migushi, n. The hair of the head. —
oroshi, one who shaves the head and
retires from public life.

Mi-haba, n. The width of a dress.

Mi-HADZusHi, r .s-w,-ta, t. v. To overlook,
miss seeing.

Mi-hakarai. -#«,-«/&*, i.v. To judge of,
or estimate by the eye.

Mi-harashi,-j^,-/«, t. v. To look at a
prospect or distant objects from a
height.

MIH

167

MIM

Mi-harashi, n. A wide or extensive view,
a parapet.

Mi-HARi,-r«,-#tf, i. v* To look out and
watch what is passing, to stare.

Mi-hari, n. A look-out, or station-
house.

Mi-hiraki, -kuj-ita, t. v. To discover,
lay open, or disclose something con-
cealed.

Mi-ire,-^m,-/^, t. v. To charm, bewitch,
fascinate.

Mi-iri, n. The bearing of fruit, the qual-
ity of the fruit, the crop.

Mi-itoko, n. The grandchild of a cou-
sin, a third cousin.

Mijikai ,-/£/, -ku,- s/iz, a. Short, not
long.

MijiKAME,-r«,-ta, t. v. To shorten,
abridge.

Mijikasa, «, The shortness, the length.

Mijimai, n. Dressing, attiring, adorning
the face and head, — in the manner of
women.

Mijime, n. Cruelty, abusive treatment.

Mijimaku, n. Looking after or minding
only one’s own interests.

Mi-jin, n. Fine dust, smallest particle, a
mite, a piece.

Mijiroki,-£#, z*. v. To shrink back in
fear, to draw back, to flinch, to start in
alarm.

Mi-juku. Not yet ripe ; imperfect in
learning, or skill ; green, inexperienced.

Mi-kado, n. The Emperor.

Mika-dzuki, n. The moon as seen on
the third da}’, new moon.

Mi-KAGiRi,-r«,-##, z*. v. No longer able
to endure the sight of, no longer willing
to see, to discard.

Mikake, n. Appearance, looks.

Mi-KAKE,-rz*,-^tf, t. v. To lay eyes on,
to see, to meet.

Mi-kake-daoshi, n. Anything different
from what it appears, false or deceptive
appearance.

Mi-kax, n. An orange.

Mi-kata, n. A friend ; one of the same
army, side, or party, our side.

Mi-kawashi,-.tz*,-zVz, t. v. To exchange
glances, to look at and recognize.

Mi-KAYE,-rz*,-zVr, z*. v. To look back,
look behind ; to change the object of
one’s admiration for something else.

Mi-kayeshi,-.s-z*,-/<z, /. v. To regard
again with favor something which one
had rejected or disliked.

Miken, n. The space over the nose be-
tween the eyebrows.

Miki, n. Sake offered to the Kci7ni.

Miki, n. The trunk of a tree.

Mi-kiki, n. Seeing and hearing.

Mi-kirenu. Cannot be wholly seen, too
much for the eye to see at once. Umi
ga hirokute me ni tnikirenu, the
ocean is so wide it cannot be ail seen at
once.

Mi-kiri,-^^,-//^, z”. v. To settle in one’s
mind to see no more.

Mi-kjwame,-?-z/,-zVz, t. v. To decide
on, settle in one’s mind, take good aim
at.

Mikka. The third day of the month,
three days.

Mikkei ‘-, filthy,
nasty, low, indecent, mean, vile.

MusA-KURUSHi,-/kz’,-/h/, i. v. Dirty and
mean, slovenly, filthy.

Musa-kusa, adv. Confused, topsy-turvy,
perplexed, distracted, vexed.

Mlsa-musa, adv. Confused, perplexed,
distracted.

Mu-san. Ignorant of arithmetic.

Musanko-ni, adv. In a hurried and
confused manner.

Musasabi, n. A kind of large bat.

Musashi, n. A kind of game in which
checkers are used.

MuSE,-r#,-to, z. v. To mould, to be

179

MUS

musty, to heat by fermenting, to fer-
ment.

MusE,-rz/,-zVz, i. v. To choke, to strangle
and cough. Muse-kayeru, to choke or
strangle, stiffled.

Mlsebi, -6zt,-nda, i. v. To be choked,
strangled.

Musei-bai, n. Unjust punishment.

Mu-sha, n. A soldier.

Mu-shabetsu. No difference, the same,
alike, not discriminating.

Mushi, n. Insects, worms, bugs; pains
in the bowels — supposed to be caused
by worms. — ga shiraseru, = some-
thing told me, or I felt as if.

Mushi,-.fzz,-zVz, t. v. To cook by steam-
ing, to steam, to foment, to vaporize.

Mu-shi, i, -dzur u ,-ta. /. v. To hurt, mar,
injure, or spoil in doing or making any-
thing.

Shi-sotsu, n. Common soldiers.

Shisso, n. Economy, frugality, plain-
ness, or simplicity in dress or food.

Shisu, or shisuru. To die.

Shi-sumashi,-.^,-^, t. v. To finish do-
ing or making anything, to accom-
plish.

Shita, n. The tongue. — wo maku,
or — wo furii, to be struck with fear or
awe.

Shita, ‘ for a building,
the horns or plume on a helmet, a
crest, the principal characters in a
theatre.

Tatera. A word only found in combina-
tion with a few words ; as, Onita, oto-
ko kodomo, = nagara ; as, Onna-ta-
teru ikusa. ni detagaru, woman as she
is, or unwomanlike she wishes to go to
the war.

Tate-tsugi, n. An extension erected so
as to enlarge a house.

Tate-tsuke, n. The crack of a door or
window, where the sashes meet.

Tate-tsukete, adv. In quick succes-
sion, one after the other.

Tate-yoko, n. Length and breadth, or
lengthwise and crosswise.

Tatogami, n. A portfolio.

Tatoi, adv. In case that, supposing
that, although, even if. — shin-demo
kaku-jd wa senu, will not confess
though he die for it.

Tatoye,-*’*/,-^, t. v. To compare, liken,
for the purpose of illustration, to eluci-
date, illustrate.

Tatoye, n. Comparison, illustration.
Ta toy e-banashi, an illustration, a para-
ble.

Tatoye ba, adv. For instance, by way of
illustration, for example.

Tatsu, n. A dragon ; one of the twelve
horary signs. — no koku, eight o’clock
a. m. — no ho, E. S. E.

Tatsu-jin, n. An expert, adept.

Tatsuki, n» Something for the hand to
lay hold of, a hold, support, expedient,
way.

Tautsumi, n, — no ho, South-east. — no
toki, from eight to ten a. m.

Tatsu-mono, n. A long scroll hung up
against the wall, containing a verse of
poetry, an extract from some book, or a
a picture.

Tatta, coll. same as Tada. Only, mere-
ly. — kore dake, only so much.

Tatte, adv. Urgently, importunately,
right or wrong. — negate, urgently to
request.
J Tattobareshii,-/^/,-^«, a. Worthy of
honor, estimable.

Tattobi, -b?t,-nda, i. v. To honor, re-
spect, reverence, esteem, to value, prize.
Kin yori tattobu mono nashi, there is
nothing more prized than gold. Tatto-
bareru,-ru,-ta, to be honored, or es-
teemed.

Tattoi,-/«,-j£z, a. Exalted, honorable,

12*

noble ; precious, valuable, esteemed,
excellent.

Tattosa, n. Honorableness, eminence,
preciousness.

Tawai, as Tawai mo nai. Stupid, dull,
senseless, powerless. Sake ni yotte —
ga nai, to be drunk and stupid.

Tawake, n. A dunce, fool.

TAWAKE,-r#,-/<z, i. v. To sport, to trifle
or talk nonsense, especially to a woman ;
to dally, to be silly, foolish.

Tawa-koto, n. Foolishness, nonsense,
absurdity.

TAWAME,-ra,-^, /. v. To bend, to
curve. Yeda ivo tawamete mi iva
torn,

TAWAMi,-mu,-nda, i. v. To bend, to
sag. Ni ga omokute bo ga taivanda.

TAWAMURE,-r#,-ta, i. v. To play, sport,
to frolic, make merry, romp, make fun,
joke, dally.

Tawara, n. A bag made of straw, for
holding grain, etc.

Taware-me, n. A prostitute.

Tawayaka. Bending, flexible.

Tayashi,-^?/,-^, t. v. To cause to cease,
to cut off, to put an end to, to extermi-
nate. Shison wo — , to cut off the pos-
terity. Tayasadzu, without ceasing.
Ne wo — , to eradicate.

T ay Asui,-ki,-ku, -ski, a. Easy, not dif-
ficult.

TAYK^-ru,-ta, t. v. To come to an end,
cease, discontinue, to fail, to be extinct,
exhausted, cut off. Chi-suji ga — ,
family line is extinct. Tayedzu, un-
ending, unceasing, unfailing, everlast-
ing, perpetual. Taye-hateru, to be
extinct, cut off, ended, exterminated.
Taye-irti, to die, to extinguish life.
Taye-irti hodo no kurushimi, suffering
enough to take one’s life.

TA r K,-ru,-ta, i. v. To bear, endure,
suffer, support, sustain ; to hold out.
Taye-gatai, hard to bear. Oivari
made — , to hold out to the end. Taye-
dzu, unbearable, insufferable, intolera-
ble, insupportable.

Taye-daye-ni, adv. Hardly, barely,
scarcely ; almost, exhausted or finished.
Inochi — nogareta, barely escaped with
life.

Taye-ma, n. Interruption, interval of
space or time. Kumo no — kara
tsuki ga sasu.

Tayenaru, a. Marvellous, wonderful,
most excellent, indescribable.

Taye-shinobi,-^,-^^, t. v. To bear
patiently.

TAYORl,-r«,-#«, i. v. To look to for
aid, or help ; to lean upon for support,

TAY

274

TED

to depend on, rely on, to trust in, to
befriend.

Tayori, n. Support, reliance, depend-
ence, trust, help, use, assistance ; word,
tidings, news ; opportunity. Nani ivo
— ni kurashimasu, what does he de-
pend on for a living? – — ni naranu
musuko, a son to whom one cannot
look for help.

Tayowai,-^/,-/^«,-^ z ‘i a – Weak, feeble.

TAYUME,-r«,-/a, t. v. To slacken, relax,
unbend.

TAYUMi^mu^-nda, i. v. To be slack, to
relax, or remit exertion, to flag, to be-
come careless or inattentive.

TAYUTAi,-au,-atta, i. v. To be rocked
about on the waves, to be becalmed ; to
hesitate, to waver in doubt, to falter.

Tazokare, n. Dusk, twilight.

Te, n. The hand, the arm ; a body or
division of troops ; a path, or road ; a
tune ; skill, plan, tactics, art, device ;
way, mode, manner of performing or
doing ; style of penmanship ; handle ;
a person, a company, or division of an
army ; the tendril of a vine. — no ko,
the back of the hand. — no suji, the
lines on the palm. Midzu no — , water-
courses. Yama no — , roads in a moun-
tain. Hi no — , flames of a fire. Saki-
te, the van, or front division of an army.
Kai-te, the buyer. — no kiita hito, a
skilful person, a good hand. — wo ka-
shite kudasare, lend us a hand. — ivo
dasu, to take hold, to help to do. —
ivo <?, to be wounded. — ivo oiva-
serti, to wound. — ga tatsu, skilful,
dexterous. — ga agaru, to improve in
penmanship. — ni amaru, too much
for the hands, more than one is able to
do. — ni aivanu, unable to do. Skogi
no te, the moves in chess.

Te-ai, plural noun. Persons, fellows.
Chiugi na — , faithful fellows.

Te-aki, n. Nothing to do, hands unoc-
cupied. — no nai, no leisure.

Te-amashi,-.?z*,-z2, i. v. To be too much
or too hard for one to manage, to be
beyond one’s ability.

Te-arai, ->£/,-/&« ,-.svkz, a. Rough, rude,
violent in doing, coarse in manner.

Te-asobi, n. A toy.

Te-atari, n. The feel, or state of any-
thing as perceived by the touch ; any-
thing within one’s reach, or near at
hand. — shidai ni totte nageru, seiz-
ing whatever was within reach he flung
it.

Te-ate, n. Treatment or management ;
things needed ; conveniencies, means ;
appliances, preparation, outfit ; pro-

vision, supplies, equipment. Ro-yo no
— , funds needed on a journey.

TE-ATSUi,-/v’/,-/£zi! ,-<$■/&/, a. Liberal, gen-
erous, munificent.

Te-awase, n. First encounter or meet-
ing of hostile armies. Kami-sori —
suru, to sharpen a razor on the
hand.

Te-ayamachi, n. A mistake or blunder
in doing anything.

Te-bako, n. A small box.

Te-bana. — ivo kamu, to blow the nose
with the fingers.

Te-banashi,-^,-*^, t. v. To let go the
hold, remove the hands, let go.

TE-BARi,-r«,-/7#, i. v. To be more than
one can attend to, too much for one to
do or manage. Ichi nichi no shigoto
ni iva tebarzi.

Te-b ash ikoi, -/£■/, -£^, a. Ready and ex-
pert with the hands, dexterous, ad-
roit.

Te-bataki, n. Clapping the hands ; just
clearing one’s expenses. — ivo suru,
to clap the hands ; to sell anything for
just enough to clear one’s expenses.

T k-u, ay A,-/ci,-ku,-s/ii, a. Expert with
the hands, dexterous, adroit, nimble,
quick.

Te-bi, n. A torch-light, flambeau.

Te-bikai, n. A note, or memorandum-
book.

Te-biki, n. Leading another by the
hand to show the way, a guide ; an in-
troduction.

TE-BiRoi,-fci,-ku,-ski, a. Wide, exten-
sive, widely extended. Tebiroku aki-
nai ivo suru.

Te-biyoshi, tz, Beating or keeping time
with the hands, in music ; drumming
with the fingers. — ivo toru.

Te-bo, n. A person who has lost his
hand.

Te-boki, n. A small broom.

Te-bukuro, n. A glove, mitten.

Te-buri, n. Empty handed ; behavior,
manner, customs. — de kuru, to come
empty-handed.

Te-chigai, n. A mistake, blunder, er-
ror.

Te-cho, n. A small account, note, or
memorandum-book.

Te-dai, n. One that acts in the place
of another, an agent, factor, a substi-
tute.

Tedate, n. Plan, device, stratagem,
scheme, trick, way. — ivo suru, to
devise a plan.

Te-do. Distant, a long way. — na to-
koro, a distant place.

Te-dzukami, n. Seizing hold of, taking

TED

275

TEI

with the hand or in the fingers. — ni
shite kit, to eat with the fingers.

Te-dzukara, adv. With one’s own
hand. — koshirayeta, made it my-
self.

Te-dzukaye, n. Hands full of business,
busy. — ni naru, to be busy.

Te-dzukuri, n. Anything made by one’s
self, not by a regular manufacturer,
home-made. — no mmo, home-made
cloth.

Te-dzuma, n. Sleight of hand tricks,
legerdemain. — tsukai, a juggler.

Te-dzuma-shi, n, A juggler.

Te-dzume, n. Extremity, extremely
pressing or urgent. — no saisoku, the
last demand for payment.

Te-dzumori, n. Measuring with the
hands or fingers. — wo suru.

Te-dzuru, n. A go-between, or a mutual
acquaintance who introduces two per-
sons who are strangers.

Te-dzusami, n. Doing anything merely
to relieve tedium, as a pastime, or di-
version. — ni ye ivo kaku.

TE.-DZUYOi,-£i,-ku,-shi % a. Firm, reso-
lute, unyielding, decided.

Te-fuda, n. A visiting-card.

Te-gai, n. Fed by the hand, reared by
one’s self, tame, domestic, — used only
of animals.

Te-gakari, n. A hold, or anything to
lay the hand on ; a clew, trace.

Tegami, n. A letter, epistle.

Te-gane, n. A manacle, handcuff.

Tegara, n. A skilful or clever deed,
exploit, skill. — wo suru, to do a
heroic deed.

TE-GARUi,-ki,~ku ,-s/zz a. Easy to do,
without difficulty. Tegaruku dekita,
easily done.

Te-gasa, n. A parasol, sunshade.

Te-gase, n. Handcuffs.

Te-gata, n. A certificate, receipt,
voucher, passport, a ticket, bank-note.

Te-g at A y -ki ,-ku ,-shi , a. Firm, strong,
durable, safe, secure.

Te-gine, n. A pestle, or small pounder.

Te-gire, n. Cut off, broken off, dis-
solved, as relationship. — ni naru.

Te-girei. Doing in a clean, neat way.
— ni suru.

Te-giri, n. Cut by one’s self. — no sep-
puku, the execution of harikiri or-
dered by a Daimiyo himself to one of
his servants, and not by the orders of
the government.

Te-giwa, n. Workmanship, skill in do-
ing or making. — ga warui, badly
done.

Te-gokoro, n. Knowledge of how to do,

dexterity in doing, or the knowledge
acquired by putting the hand to any-
thing.

Te-gome, n. Taking out of the hand by
force, or against the will of another.
Kane wo — ni toru, taking money
from another by force.

Te-goro, n. Suited to the size or
strength of the hand, handy, conven-
ient in size. — na tsuye, a cane suiting
the hand.

Te-gotaye, n. The sensation felt in the
hand, when striking against something
held in it.

Te-gowai, a. Rough, rude, violent, or
coarse in manner, exact, strict.

Te-GUMI, n. Folding the arms ; a plan,
scheme, trick. — wo suru, to fold the
arms.

Te-guri, n. Adjusting one’s business so
as to get leisure or time for something
else. — ivo shite yuku.

Tegusu, n. A kind of fishing line.

Te-hadzu, n. Plan, arrangement, scheme,
project.

Te-hajime, n. The commencement, or
first part of any work.

TE-mDOi,-k i-ku,-shi, n. Severe, vio-
lent, cruel.

Te-hon, n. A copy for imitation, a sam-
ple, pattern, model, specimen, exam-
ple.

Tei. Fidelity or obedience of a wife to
her husband. Tei-jitsu, virtuous, true,
failhful. Tei-jo, a virtuous woman.

Tei, n. A roof supported by pillars, a
.pavilion, shed, summer house.

Tei, n. Form, appearance, looks, fash-
ion, manner, state, condition. Miyaku
— , state of the pulse.

Teika-kadzura, n. The Malonetia
Asiatica.

Tei-nei, a. Neat, nice, exact, scrupu-
lous, careful, particular, delicate, gen-
teel, courteous, polite.

Te-ippai, n. A handful. Akinaiwo —
ni suru, to trade with one’s own capi-
tal, — without a partner ; also, to invest
one’s whole property in business.

Te-iradzu. New. not yet used. — no
mono, a thing that has not yet been
used.

Te-ire, n. Repairing, mending. — ivo
suru, to mend, repair.

Tei-shu, ;/. The master of a house, head
of a family, a husband.

TE-iTAi,-/ L ‘/,-/{*//’,-.s , /r/,-J, a. Severe, vio-
lent, until the hand is tired. Teitaku
se/neru, to torture severely.

Tei-tai, n. Indigestion, dyspepsia. —
suru, to have indigestion.

TEI

276

TEM

Tei-taraku, n. The condition, manner,
circumstances.

Te-jika, a. Near at hand, within reach.
— na tokoro, a place near at hand.

Te-jina, n. Motions or gestures of the
hand, movement of the hands in danc-
ing.

Te-jo, n. Handcuffs, manacles.

Te-jobu, a. Strongly made, durable,
firm.

Te-jun, n. The order, or method of do-
ing. Shigoto no — ga warni, the work
is not done in the proper order.

Te-kadzu, n. Number of hands or work-
men, much labor, frequent services. —
ga kakaru, to require much labor.

Tekake, n. A concubine.

Te-kaki, n. A good penman.

Teki, n. An enemy, foe ; used only of
an enemy in war. — ni katsu, to over-
come the enemy. — suru, to oppose,
resist, contend with. Teki-chi, the
enemy’s country, a hostile country.

Te-kibishii,-£/,-£#, a. Severe, rigorous,
strict.

Teki-chiu, (mato ni ataru). — sum, to
hit the mark, to suit, to agree, accord.

Teki-haki, adv. Soon, quickly. — to
tenki ni naranu.

Teki-i, (kokoro makase). According to
one’s will or pleasure, agreeable to
one’s mind or judgment. — ni se yo,
do just as you please.

Te-kiki, n. Smart, adroit, active, or ex-
pert in doing anything.

Teki-men, adv. Quick and manifest,
immediate and obvious, in a striking
manner. — ni kusuri ga kiita, the
effects of the medicine were quickly
manifest.

Te-kin, n. Earnest money, advance
money, bargain money.

Tekipaki, adv. Quick, industriously,
actively, diligently.

Teki-rei, n. An example, or case in
point ; a precedent to establish a usage.

T t,KiTAi,-aii ,-atta , t. v. To be hostile,
resist, contend, to fight with, oppose.

Teki-to, (mato ni ataru). Suitable,
proper, fitting, appropriate, adequate,
becoming. — no home kata, praise
just suitable to one’s merit. — shitaru
reig “/, appropriate ceremonies.

Teki-yaku, n. An incompatible medi-
cine.

Tekkiu, n. A gridiron.

Tekko, n. A mitten covering only the
back of the hand.

Teko, n. A lever.

TEKODZURi,-r^,-^«, i. v. To be per-
plexed, troubled, embarrassed.

Tekomai, n. A pageant at festivals,
where men and women dressed in pecu-
liar clothing walk in procession, singing
44 to mo agekiyari.”

Te-kubari, n. Distribution of troops, or
hands for any kind of work, division of
labor.

Te-kubi, n. The wrist.

Te-kuda, n. Artifice, deception, trick.

Te-kuse, n. Habit, or style of penman-,
ship ; also, a habit of pilfering.

Tema, (te no ima,) n. The time spent
in work or doing anything. — wo ire-
ru, to spend a long time in doing. —
no kakaru shigoto, work requiring time
to do.

Tema-chin, n. The price of labor, wages
of workmen, — reckoned according to
the time spent on the work.

Tema-dai. The price of labor.

Tema-dori,-t# ,-//#, i. v. To spend or
take time, to be tardy, slow, to delay,
procrastinate.

Te-makura, n. The arm used as a pil-
low. — wo shite neru, to sleep with
the head on the arm.

Te-mame. Dextrous, expert, skilful in
doing. — ni shigoto wo suru, to be
expert in doing one’s work.

Te-mane, n. Gesture, or motions of the
hands. — wo shite hanashi wo suru,
to talk and gesticulate.

Te-maneki, n. Beckoning with the
hand.

Te-mari, n. A small ball, hand-ball. —
wo tsuku, to strike a ball.

Temari-bana, n. Hoya Carnosa.

Tema-tori, n. An assistant to a work-
man, an under-workman.

Te-mawari, n. Anything near or at
hand ; a servant of a noble who carries
his master’s sandals.

Te-mawashi, n. The work to be done on
any occasion. Sho guwatsu no — , the
work to be done in preparation of new
years day.

Te-maye, pro. I, (in speaking humbly
of one’s self); or you, (in speaking con-
temptously to at other) ; this side ; be-
fore, or in the sight of; manner of hold-
ing. Temaye domo, we or you. Kawa
no — , this side of the river. Hito no
— ga hadzukashii, ashamed in the
presence of others. Temaye-gatte, one’s
own convenience, one’s own pleasure.

Tem-bin, n. Scales for weighing, a bal-
ance.

Tembin-bo, n. The pole used by coolies
for carrying burdens across the shoul-
der.

Tem-butsu, n. Anything pawued at a

TEM

277

TEN

pawnbroker’s shop, a pledge. — suru^
to pawn.

Te-mijika. Short, brief, concise. — na
oshiye, short lessons. — ni mono wo
iu, to tell anylhing in a few words.

Temma, n. A devil, demon.

Temma, n. A small boat, used for plying
between a ship and the land.

Temma, n. The relay of pack-horses kept
at a post-station.

Temmaku, n. Curtains hanging around
a room from the ceiling, in theatres, or
temples ; a tent.

Temmoku, n. A large tea cup.

Temmon, n. Astronomy, astrology.

Temmon-dai, n. An observatory.

Timmon-do, n. Asparagus.

Temmon-sha, n. An astrologer, astrono-
mer.

Te-mochi, n. The way of holding any-
thing in the hand.

Temochi-busata. Tired, wearied or dis-
gusted, ennui, tedium.

Te-modori, n. A relapse, as in disease ;
turning back in order to do over again.

Temonaku, adv. Just like, very like,
not different from. 1 ♦

Te-moto. Near, at hand, convenient,
within reach, Ima — ni kane got, nai.

Te-motsure, n. Entanglement, per-
plexity ; difficult and tedious.

Tempo, n. The name of an oval brass
coin, = 100 cash.

Tem-po. — suru, to change a prescrip-
tion, or mode of treatment.

Tempura, n. Fish dipped in batter and
fried, fish-cutlets.

Te-mukai,-*?,-***^, *• v – To resist, op-
pose.

Te-mukai, n. Opposition, resistance.

Ten, i,-dzuru,-ta y (utsuru,) i. v. To re-
flect, as a mirror ; to shine.
Yei-kiyo,
kashikoi, hayai. — disease, kiu-sei
biyo. — tone, hosoi neiro. — pain y
kibishii itami.

Acutely, adv. Surudoku, kibishiku,
tsuyoku, hidoku.

Adage, n. Kotowaza, kin-gen, kaku-gen.

Adam, n. Hajimete dekitaru hito no na,
jin-so, ningen no shiso.

Adamant, n. Kongo-seki.

Adapt, t. v. Kanau, tekito suru, odzuru,
chodo ni suru, awaseru ; jundzuru.

Add, t. v. Kuwayeru, kazo suru, masu,
fuyasu, tasu.

Addendum, n. Furoku, mashi-gaki,
sliui, tsui-i.

Adder, n. Mamushi, doku-ja.

Addicted, — to, fukeru, tashimu.

Addition, n. Yose-zan. In — to, hoka
* ni, mata wa, uye ni.

Address, t. v. Ii-kakeru, hanashi ka-
keru. — a letter, tegami no uwagaki
wo suru, tegami wo todokeru.

Address, n. Ate-na, na-ate, yendan,
bensetsu, riko naru koto.

Adduce, t. v. Hiku, moshi-tateru.

Adept, n. Jodzu, yete, tokui, tatsu-jin.

ADE

ADV

Adequate, a. Tariru, kanau, teki-to,

oyobu.
Adhere, i. v. Tsuku, nebari-tsuku, he-

bari-tsuku, nenchaku, suru, nadzumu.
Adherent, a. Hebari-tsuku, nenchaku

naru.
Adhesion, n. Hetfari-tsuki, nadzumi.
Adherent, n. Zoku suru mono, fuzoku

no mono, tsuki-bito.
Adhesiveness, n. Nebari, tsuki.
Adhesive-plaster, n. Mansoko.
Adieu, adv. Sayonara, sayonaraba, go-

kigen-yoku.
Adjacent, a. Tsugi no, tonari no.
Adjective, n. Keiyo-shi.
Adjoin, i. v. Tsugu, tonaru. Adjoining

house, tonari no iye, rin ka, tonari-ya.
Adjourn, t. v. Nobasu, yennin suru.

(i. v.). Yameru, sumu.
Adjournment, n. Sodan no seki no ko-
to wo sumashite yasumu koto.
Adjudge, t. v. Kimeru, saiban suru, han-

dan suru.
Adjudicate, t. v. Saiban suru, sabaku,

handan suru.
Adjudication, n. Saiban, sabaki, gimmi,

handan.
Adjuration, n. Chikai, chikawaseru

koto.
Adjure, t. v. Chikawaseru, chikai wo

toru, meiyaku wo toru, seishi wo torn.
Adjust, t. v. Osameru, tadasu, naosu,

tsukurau ; shaku-do wo hakaru.
Adjustment, n. Osame, tsukurai. — of

a quarrel, naka-naori.
Adjutant, n. Fuku, gon kuwan.
Adjuvant, n. Oginai-gusuri.
Admeasurement, n. Bunriyo, sumpo,
” nori.
Administer, t. v. Okonau, segiyo suru,

shihai suru, tori-atsukau, osameru, sho-

chi suru. — medicine, kusuri wo hodo-

kosu, fuku-saseru.
Administration, n. Okonai, segiyo, tori-

atsukai. shochi. hodokoshi, osame ; seiji,

matsurigoto, shihai.
I Administrator, n. Shi-nin no yui-mo-

tsuwosono ichi zoku no tame ni tori-

atsuicau hito, tori-atsukai nin, shihai

nin.
Admirable, a. Miyo naru, taye naru,

appare na, kanshin na, kekko na.
Admiral, n. Kaigun sotoku.
Admiration, n. Kanshin, kampuku,

tambi. ‘
Admire, t. v. Kanshin suru, medzuru.
< Admissible, a. Yurusareru, toraseru.

Not — , torase-nai.
Admission, n. Yurushi, tori.
Admit, t. v. Hairaseru, toraseru, tosu,

ire-saseru.

Admittance, n. Tori, ireru koto, iri.
No — , hairu bekaradzu.

Admix, t. v. Mazeru, kake-mazeru.

Admixture, n. Maze-mono.

Admonish, t. v. Imashimeru, isameru,
korasu, iken suru.

Admonition, n. Imashime, iken, isame ;
korashi.

Ado, n. Sawagi, yakamashii, sozoshii.

Adolescence, n. Jaku-nen, itoke nai
toki, shonen.

Adopt, /. v. Hiki-ukeru, tori-mochiyu-
ru, sho-chi suru. — a son, yoshi ni su-
ru. — a datcghter, yojo ni suru.
A dofited son, yoshi. — daughter , yojo.

Adoption, n. Yoshi ni naru koto, yoshi
ni suru koto.

Adore, t. v. Ogamu, raihai suru, aga-
in eru, uyamau.

Adoration, n. Ogami, raihai, uyamai.

Adorn, t. v. Kazaru, yosoou, shozoku
suru.

Adornment, n. Kazari, yosooi, shozoku.

Adrift, adv. Tadayou, nagareru.

Adroit, a. Jodzu na, kashikoi, riko na,
takumi na.

Adulation, n. Hetsurai, kobi, bennei,
omoneri, neiben.

Adult, n. So-nen, otona.

Adulterate, t. v. Mazeru, niseru.

Adulteration, n. Maze, nise.

Adulterer, n. Kan-tsu -nin, mippu, ma-
otoko.

Adulteress, n. Ma-otoko onna.

Adulterous, a. Kantsu suru.

Adultery, n. Kantsu, mittsu, kan-in.

Advance, t. v. Susumeru, nobosu, ageru.
— the price, ne-age wo suru. — money
for another, hito no tame ni kane wo
tate-kayeru. (z. v.) Susumu, maye ni
deru, agaru. — in rank, risshin suru,
shussei suru. — by obsequiousness, he-
agaru. — in price, ne-agari ga suru.

Advance, n. Susumi, agari. To go in
— , maye ni yuku, saki ni yuku, shimpo
suru. Lend in — , maye-gashi wo suru.
Borrowing in — , saki-gari wo suru.
Draw in — , nai-shaku suru, uchi-gari
wo suru.
Advancement, n. Susumi, shussei, ris-
shin, agari.

Advantage, n. Ri, yeki, ri-yeki. kai,
shori, kachi, toku. To take — of, jodzuru.

Advantageous, a. Yeki ga aru, riyeki

naru, kai ga aru, sugureru.
Advent, n. Kitari, chaku, chaku-to.
Adventitious, a. Fui naru, omoi-gake
nai, rinji no, fuji naru.

Adventure, n. Hij’o no me. fuji no mc,
tsune narazaru koto, ihen, hen na me,
kakeroku. t. v. Kakeru.

ADV

8

AGA

Adventurous, a. Dai-tan na, kimo-futoi,

muyami na.
Adverb, n. Fuku-shi.
Adversary, n. Aite, teki, kataki, ada.
Adverse, a. Giyaku na, fu-jun naru,

somuku. — wind, giyaku-fu.
Adversity, n. Wazawai, sai-nan, kan-

nan.
Advert, t. v. Mochi-dasu.
Advertise, t. v. Hiro suru, fu-koku

suru, hiromeru, shiraseru, fui-cho suru,

fureru.
Advertisement, n. Hiro, fu-koku, hiki-

fuda, fure, shirase, hirome-gaki.
AdvicEj n. Iken, riyoken, mune, isame,

imashune, kiyokun, tayori, inshin, chiu-

shin.
Advise, t. v. Iken suru, isameru, oshi-

yeru, imashimeru, kiyokun suru, kei-jo

suru. (/. v.) sodan suru, hiyo-gi suru.
Advisable, a. Itasu beki, su beki, yoshi

to suru. Not — , itasu bekarazaru, yo-

roshikaradzu.
Advocate, t. v. Tori-nasu, tori-motsu.

Advocacy, n. Turi-nasu koto.
Advocate, n. Tori-nashi, tori-mochi.
Adz, n. Chona.
Aerial, a. Kuki no.
Aerolite, Hoshi-kuso, hoshi-ishi.
Aeronaut, n. Fusen ni noru hito.
Afar, adv. Haruka ni, toku, yempo,

harubaru to. , To come from — , yempo

kara kitaru.
Affability, n. Seji, aiso, nengoro.
Affable, a. Aiso ni iu, seji ni iu, nen-
goro ni iu. An — person, yoku seji

wo iu hito.
Affair, a. Koto, ji, waza. Govern-
ment affairs, jimu, sei-ji.
Affect, t. v. Ugokasu, kando saseru,

furi wo suru, niseru, maneru. To be

affected by, kandzuru, kando suru,

ataru, fureru.
Affected, p. a. Kandzuru, furi wo suru.
Affection,* n. Ai, itsukushimi, nasake,

joai, yamai, biyoki, mochimaye.
Affectionate, a. Ai suru, nasake naru,

nengoro naru, shinsetsu na, kawai-

rashii.
Affectionately, adv. Ai shite, nasake

nite.
Affiance, n. Ii-nadzuke, chigiri, yen-

gumi. (t. v.) Ii-nadzukeru. Affianced,

chigiru, yengumu.
Affidavit, n. Chikai-gaki, sei-sho.
Affinity^ n. Yen, chigiri, chinami,

tsudzuki.
Affirm, t. v. Sadameru, kiwameru, ke-

tsujo shite iu, chikatte iu.
Affirmation, n. Sadame-goto, kiwame-

goto ; chikai-goto.

Affirmative, n. Shochi, kashikomari,

he, hai.
Affix, t. v. Tsukeru, soyeru, tsugu. —

a seal, in wo osu.
Affix, n. Tsuke-kotoba.
Afflict, t. v. Kurushimeru, nayama-

seru, komaraseru. •
Afflicted, /. a* Kurushimu, komaru,

nayamu, setsunai.
Affliction., n. Nangi, nanju, kannan,

biyoki, anyami, kanashimi, wazawai.
Afflictive, a. Nayamashiki, kurushii,

itamashii, kanashii.
Affluence, n. Fuki, kane-mochi.
Affluent, a. Kane-mochi naru, fuki na,

dai-jin naru, tomeru.
Affluent, n. Veda-gawa.
Afflux, ;/. Nagare-komu koto. — of

blood to head, nobose, giyaku-jo.
Afford, t.v. Shodzuru ; dekiru, ata-

yeru. Can ‘t — , dekinu, atawa-nai.
Afi ray, n. Kenkuwa, tatakai. mushiri-ai.
AFFRIGHT, t. v. Osoresaseru, odorokasu,

odosu. (n.) Osore, odoroki. Af-
frighted, osoreru, kowagaru, odoroku,

kowakatta.
Affront, t. v. Ki ni fureru, ki ni saka-

rau, chijoku wo saseru, hajisaseru. («.)

Chijuku, haji.
Affuse, t. v. Sosogu, furi-kakeru.
Afloat, adv. Uku, ukamu.
Afoot, adv. Kachi nite, aruite.
Afore, prep. Maye, omote.
Aforehand, adv. Mayemotte, araka-

jime.
Aforementioned, a. Migi no, kudan

no, maye no.
Aforesaid, a. Migi no, kudan no.
Aforethought, a. Takumu.
Afoul, adv. To run — , tsuki-atam,

ataru.
Afraid, a. Osoru, kowagaru, kowai.
Afresh, adv. Arata-ni, sara ni.
Africa, n. Afurika.
Aft, adv. Ushiro ni, tomo ni.
After, prep, or adv. Ato ni, nochi ni,

go. To follow — , shitagau, ou. Run

— , oi-kakeru. — this, kono nochi,

ima yori, ika, igo, ji-kon, jigo, irai.

Make it — this pattern, kono mono

wo tehon ni shite koshiraye nasare.

To inquire — the welfare of a friend^

tomodachi no ampi wo tadzuneru.
After, a. Ushiro no, ato no, |hiriye no.
After-birth, n. Ato zan, yena, hoye.
After-noon, n. Hiru-sugi.
After-thought, n. Okurebase, ato

shian.
Afterwards, adv. Nochi ni, ato ni, sono

nochi.
Again, adv. Mata, futa-tabi, mo ichi-

i

AGA

ALA

do, sai-do, mata-wa. — and again,

kasane-gasane, kudo-kudo, mata-mata.
Against, prep. Mukau, sakarau, giyaku,

somuku. Strike — , tsuki-tsukeru, bu-

chi-tsukeru.
Agate, n. Meno-seki.
Age, n. Toshi, yowai, nen-rei, sai, yo,

dai, ji-dai, toki. Spirit of tke — , ji-

sei. Of — , otona. To come of — , to-

shigoro ni naru, hito to naru.
Age, i. v. Toshi-yoru, toshi-toru, furu-

biru.
Aged, a. Oi, or oitaru, toshi yotta, to-

shi-totta, ro, furubitaru.
Agency, n. Hataraki, tori-atsukai, tori-

atsukai-jo.
Agent, n. Tori-ateukai-nin, dai-ben nin,

miyo-dai, tedai, banto.
Agglomerate, t.v. Katameru. izen.
Formerly, adv. Mukashi, kono-maye

ni, sakidatte.
Formidable, a. Osoroshii, tsuyoi.
Formula, n. Ho, sei-ho, hinagata.
Fornication, n. Kantsu, mittsu.
Forsake, /. v. Suteru, utcharu, hai suru.
Forswear, t. v. Itsuwatte chikau, chi-

katte inamu.
Fort, n. O-daiba, hotai, toride, daiba.
Forth, adv. Fro7n that day forth, ko-

no-kata, irai. So forth, un-nun, shika-

shika. Go forth, deru. Call forth,

yobi-dasu. Put — , dasu, hassuru.
Forthwith, adv. Tachi-machi, tachi-

dokoro, sugu-ni, sokuza-ni.
Fortieth, a. Shi-ju-ban. (n.) Shi-ju-

ban me.
Fortification, n. Toride, o-daiba.
Fortify, t. v. Katameru, kengo ni suru,

kataku suru.
Fortitude, n. Gaman, shimbo, koraye-

jo, kannin.
Fortnight, n. Juyokka, futa mawari.
Fortress, n. Shiro, daiba, toride, yogai.
Fortuitous, a. Fui na, hakarazaru. fu-

toshita, zonjiyorazaru, shizen to shita,

itsu to naki.
Fortunate, a. Sai-wai na, shiawase na,

un no yoi, kichi naru.
Fortunately, adv. Saiwai ni, shi-awase

ni.
Fortune, n. Shinsho, zai-ho, takara,

shiawase, un. Tell fortunes, bokusu,

uranau.

FOR

Fortune-telling, a. Uranai, bai-boku.
Fortune-teller, n. Uranaija, baiboku-

shi, boku-sha, onyoshi.
Forty, a. Shi-ju. — one, shiju-ichi.
Forward, a. Bu-yenriyo na, busaho na,

saki no, maye-no, jisetsu ni shite wa

hayai.
Forward, t. v. Todokeru, hakadoraseru.

To go — , susumu, maye ye deru.
Fossil-wood, n. Umoregi.
Foster, t. v. Yashinau, sodateru, yoiku

suru.
Foster-brother, n. Chi-kiyodai.
Foster-child, n* Yashinai-go. ‘
Foster-father, n. Yo-fu.
Foster-mother, n. Yo-bo.
Foul, a. Kitanai, yogoreru, kegareru,

fujo na, fuketsu na, musai, nigoru, aku.

Run — , tsuki-ataru. — language ; ak-

ko. — wind, giyaku fu. To play — ,

teme wo suru. Fall — , kenkuwa suru.
Foul, t. v. Kegasu, yogosu.
Foul-mouthed, n. Kuchi-gitanai, ak-

ko.
Found, t. v. Kai-ki suru, hajimeru, hi-

raku, motodzuku, kane wo iru. Have

you — it ? atta ka.
Foundation, n. Dodai, ishidzuye, motoi,

yoridokoro, chiuso.^
Founder, n. Kaiki, hotto-nin, soshi^

kaisan, i-mono-shi, ikake-ya.
Foundling, n. Sute-go, hiroi-go.
Foundry, n. Imoji-ya, imono-ba.
Fountain, n. Idzumi.
Four, a. Yotsu, shi.
Fourfold, a. Yo-ye, shi-mai, shi-sobai.
Four-footed, a. Yotsu-ashi, shi-so-

ku.
Fourscore, a. Hachijii, yaso.
Four-square, a. Shi-kaku.
Fourteen, a. Ju-shi.
Fourteenth, a. Jushi-ban.
Fourth, a. Yo-ban. (n.) Yoban me.
Fourth day, n. Yokka, yokka-me.
Fowl, n. Tori, niwatori. Water — ,

midzu-tori.
Fox, n. Kitsune. White — , biyakko.
Fracas, n. Sodo, kenkuwa, sawagi.
Fraction, n. Hashita, bu, hampa, bun-

su.
Fractious, a. Iji no warui.
Fracture, t. v. Oru, kujiku, waru, ki-

reru. — of bone, dan-kotsu.
Fragile, a.. Koware-yasui, moroi, sakui,

yowai.
Fragment, a. Hashita, hampa, kire,

kake.
Fragrant, n. Kobashii, kaoru, kamba-

shii.
Frail, a. Yowai, moroi, sakui.
Frailty, n. Yowasa, ochido, ayamachi.

75

FRI

Frame, n. Sudate, honegumi, waku,

shoji, kamachi, san.
Frame, t. v. Kiri-kumu, kufu suru, ku-

wadateru, kumi-tateru.
France, n. Furansu, futsu.
Frank, a. Tampaku na.
Frankincense, n. Ko.
Frankly, adv. Tampaku ni, uchi-akete.
Frantic, a. Kurui, gureru, monogurui

na, kichigai no yd na.
Frantically, adv. Kichigai no yo ni.
Fraternal, a. Kiyodai-no, keitei.
Fraternity, n. Nakama, kumi, shachiu,

renchiu, kabu.
Fraternize, i. v. Kiyodai-no yo ni ma-

jiwaru.
Fratricide, n. Kiyodai wo korosu koto.
Fraud, n. Itsuwari, katari, damashi.
Fraudulent, a. Itsuwaritaru. — entry,

saba.
Fray, n. Kenkuwa.
Fray, i. v. Yabureru, hokedatsu, hogu-

su, hokeru, hotsuku.
Freak, n. Deki-gokoro.
Freckle, n. Sobakasu, aza.
Free, a. Dokuriu na, hitori-dachi no,

ji-yu na, ji-zai na, dzuii, todokori-nai

hodai, tadano. Set free, hanatsu.
Free, t. v. Hanasu.
Freebooter, n. Oi-hagi, dorobo, goma

no hai.
Free-hearted, a. Meihaku na, mono-

oshimadzu.
Freely, adv. Jiyu-jizai ni, tada, todo-

kori naku.
Freeze, z. v. Koru, kogoyeru. — to

death, kogoye-jini. (t. v.). Korasu.
Freight, n. Ni, nimotsu, tsunda mono,

funa-chin, unchin, dachin. — list, fu-

na-chin-tsuke.
Freight, t. v. Tsumu.
French, a. Futsu. — language, futsu-

go. — 7nan, futsu-jin.
French-horn, n. Rappa.
Frenzy, n. Mono-gurui, kichigai.
Frequent, t. v. Shiba-shiba yuku, tsune

ni oru.
Frequently, adv. Shiba-shiba, tabi-

tabi, choko-choko, ori-ori.
Fresh, a. Atarashii, nama no. — ivater,

kumi tate no midzu. — hands, ara-te.

— fish, sen-giyo.
Freshet, n. Kodzu, 6-midzu, de-midzu.
Fret, t. v. Suru, suri-yaburu, suri-ki-ru,

iratsu. (a. v.) Iratsuku, jirasu, dada-

keru, naku.
Fretful, a. Jireru, jirettagaru, dada wo

iu.
Friable, a. Koware-yasui, moroi, sakui,

yowai.
Friar, n. Shukke, bodzu.

FRI

7 6

FUR

Friction, n. Sure-ai, kishimi.

Friday, n. Kin-yobi.

Friend, n. Tomodachi, hoyu, hobai,

mikata, yorube, tayori, kokoro-yasui

hito.
Friendly, adv. Nengoro-ni, kokoro-ya-

suku, shin-setsu ni, mutsumajiku, koni

shite.
Friendship, n. Mutsumajii, shitashimi,

konsei, yoshimi, mutsubi.
Frigate, n. Gunkan no na.
Fright, n. Osore, odoroki.
Frighten, t. v. Odorokasu, odosu, obi-

yakasu.
Frightful, a. Osoroshii, kowai, okkanai.
Frightfully, adv. Osoroshiku.
Frigid, a. Samui, kan.
Fringe, n. Fusa, yoraku, baren.
Frisk, i. v. Haneru, jareru, tawamureru.
Fritter, t. v. — away time, toki wo

tsuiyasu.
Frivolous, a. Wadzuka na, karui, iya-

shii.
Frizzled, a. Chijireru.
Fro, adv. To and — , achi-kochi.
Frock, n. Kimono, uwagi.
Frog, n. Kawadzu, kayeru. Tree — ,

amagayeru. Bull — , hiki, gama ; aka-

gaycru, ao-hiki.
Frolic, a. Tawamureru, asobu, jareru.
From, preft. Kara, yori.
Front, n. Omote.
Front, i. v. Mukau, tai suru.
Front, a. Omote no ; maye no.
Front-door, n. Omote-mon.
Frontier, n. Kuni no sakai.
Frontlet, n. Ma-bisashi.
Frost, n. Shimo.
Frost-bite, n. Shimo-yake.
Frostbitten, a. Shimoyake naru,

shimogeru.
Frosty, a. — night, shimo-yo.
Froth, n. Awa.
Froth, i. v. Awa wo fuku.
Frothy, n. Awa-gachi na.
Frown, i. v. Shikameru, mayu wo hiso-

meru.
Frozen, a. Kotta, kogoyeta.
Fructify, t. v. Koyasu, uruosu.
Frugal, a. Kenyaku na, kanriyaku na,

shimatsu na, tsudzumayaka na, tsuma-

shii.
Frugality, n. Kenyaku, shimatsu.
Fruit, n. Mi, kinomi, midzu-kuwashi,

narimono, kudamono. First fruits,

hashiri.
Fruitful, a. Yutaka naru, koyetaru.

— and unfruitftil, ho-kiyo. — year,

ho-nen.
Fruitless, a. Muda-na, munashiku, yo

ni tatanu, mi wo motanu.

Frustrate, /. v. Naku suru, munashiku

suru, sashi-yameru.
Fry, t. v. Abura de ageru.
Frying-pan, n. Age-nabe.
Fuddled,/./. Namayoi ni naru.
Fuel, n. Takigi, maki, taki-mono.
Fugitive, n. Kake-ochi-nin, shuppon

nin, dasso nin.
Fulcrum, n. Teko no dai, teko no ma-

kura.
Fulfil, t. v. Hatasu, sumasu, togeru,

joju suru, kanayeru.
Full, a. Ippai, mitsuru, aku, mattaku,

jubun. — moon, mangetsu, bogetsu.

— tide, michi-shio. — bloom, nana-
zakari. — of the moon, bo. To the
— , yoppara.

Full, /. v. — cloth, momen wo momu.

Fuller, n. Kinuta uchi.

Fl llv, adv. Mattaku, shika-to, tsuma-

biraka ni.
Fume, i, v. Iburu, kuyoru.
Fume, n. Kemuri.
Fumigate, t. v. Fusuberu, ibusu, kuyo-

rasu.
Fumigation, n. Ibushi, fusubori, ibushi-

gusuri.
Fun, n. Tawamure, kiyo.
Function, n. Yaku, yakume, hataraki,

shokubun.
Fund, n. Motode, moto-kin, midzukin,

teate.
Fundament, n. Shiri, ishiki, ko-mon.
Fundamental^ a. Kan-yo naru.
Funeral, n. Tomurai, sorei, soso, okuri,

soshiki, homuri.
Fungus, n. Take, kikurage, kinoko.
Funnel, n. Jogo.
Funny, a. Okashii.
Fur, n. Ke, kawa. — coat, ke-goromo.
Furbish, t. v. Migaku, togu.
Furious, a. Hageshii, tsuyoi, kibishii,

arai, takeki.
Furiously, adv. Hageshiku, araku, ta-

keku.
Furl, t. v. Maku, orosu, sageru.
Furlough, n. Hima, yasumi.
Furnace, n. Kamado, hettsui, kama,

kudo, ankuwa.
..Furnish, t. v. Soroyeru, sonayeru, ata-

yeru, teate wo suru, segiyo suru, yoda-

teru.
Furniture, n. Dogu, kagu, kazai. Old

— shoft. furu-dogu-ya.

Furred tongue, ?i. Zettai, hakutai.

Furrow, n. Mizo, saku.

Further, a. Toi-ho, mata, mo mata,

sono uyeni, nao.
Further, t. v. Susumeru.
Furthermore, adv. Sono-uye, sono-

hoka, mata, nao, nao-mata, mata-wa.

FUR

77

GAW

Shinonde, kakurete,
tsuyosa,

Furtively, adv,

uso-uso.
Fury, n. Hageshisa, arasa,

ikari, rippuku.
Fuse, n. Hi-nawa, tansoku.
Fuse, t. v. Tokasu.
Fusible, a. Tokeru, toke-yasui
Fusion, n. Tokasu koto.

Fuss, n. Yakamashii, sawagi.

Fussy, a. Sewashii.

Futile, a. Muda na, munashii, itadzuru

na, yo ni tatanu.
Future, n. Mirai, yuku suye, nochi, go,

kosei, suye, saki. — state, nochi no yo t

gosei, gosho, gose.

G

Gabble, t. v. Shaberu.

Gable, n. Hafu.

Gad, i. v. Asobu, bura-bura suru.

Gag, t. v. Kamaseru, bai wo fukuma-

seru. (/. v.) Yedzuku.
Gag, n. Saru-gutsuwa, bai.
Gain, t. v. Mokeru, katsu, um, ukeru,

itaru. — over, katarau, deki-komu.
Gain, n. Ri, yeki, moke, riyeki, kai.
Gainsay, /. v. Ii-fusegu, ii-kesu, kobamu.
Gait, n. Ashi-tsuki, aruki-buri, ashidori,

furi.
Gaiter, n. Kutsu no na.
Galaxy, «._ Ama no kawa.
Gale, n. Okaze, arate, tai-fu, arashi.
Gall, n. Tan, i, kimo.
Gall, t. v. Sureru, suru, suri-muku.
Gallant, . a. Yuki-na, isamashii, goki-

na, yuyushii, kenage-na.
Gallantly, adv. Yuyushiku, isama-

shiku.
Gallantry, n. Yuki.
Gall-bladder, n. Tan-no.
Gallery, n. Roka, sajiki.
Gallipot, n. Tsubo, futamono.
Gall-nut, n. Gobaishi, fushi.
Gallon, n. Masu-mono, = to about, ni-

sho roku-go.
Gallop, i. v. Kakeru, hashiru, agaku.
Gally-worm, n. Yasude.
Gamble, i. v. Bakuchi wo utsu, baku-

yeki wo suru.
Gambler, n. Bakuchi-uchi.
Gambling-house, n. Bakuchi-yado.
Gamboge, «. Shio, towo.
Gambol, i. v. Haneru, tawamureru, ja-

reru.
Game, n. Shobu-goto, kachi-make,

kari, ye-mono. Two games of chess,

shogi ni ban. Make — of, choro suru.
Game, t. v. Shobu-goto wo suru, bakuchi

wo utsu.
Game-cock, n. To-ken.
Gamekeeper, n. Maki wo mamoru hito.
Game-laws, n. Kariba no kisoku.

Gamester, n. Bakuchi-uchi.

Gang, n. Kumi, nakama, toto.

Gangrene, n. Funiku, dasso.

Gaol, n. Roya, hito-ya, agari-ya, goku-

ya, gero, ro.
Gaoler, n. Ro-ban, ro-mori, goku-sotsu.
Gap, n. Ana.
Gape, i. v. Akubi suru, kuchi wo hira-

ku, kiyoro-tsuite miru, kuchi-angori to

shite iru.
Garb, n. Nari, ifuku, kimono.
Garbage, n. Akuta, gomi.
Garden, n. Hatake, sono, niwa, uye-

gomi, sayen, senzai.
Gardener, n. Saku-nin, uyeki-ya.
Gargle, n. Gansozai.
Garlic, n. Ninniku, nira.
Garment, n. Kimono.
Garner, n. Kura, dozo.
Garnish, t. v. Kazaru, yosoo.
Garrison, t. v. Katameru.
Garrison, ?i. Tamuro, katame, toride.
Garrulous, a. Shaberu, chochoshii.
Garter, n. Himo.
Gas, n. Gas.
Gash, n. Kiri-kidzu.
Gash, t. v. Fukaku kiru.
Gasp, n. Tame-iki, do-iki.
Gasp, i. v. Do-iki wo suru, tame-iki wo

suru.
Gate,.«. Mon, kido, kado-guchi.
Gateway, n. Kado-guchi.
Gather, t. v. AtsumerU, yoseru, tsu-

dou, tsunoru, mogi-atsumeru, iseru,

oshite shiru, suiriyo suru. (/. v.) Atsu-

maru, yoru, muragaru.
Gathering, n. Atsumari, kunju.
Gaudy, a. Hanayaka na, date na, rippa

na, hade na.
Gauge, t. v. Hakaru.
Gauge, n. Mono-sashi.
Gaunt, a. Yasetaru.
Gauntlet, n. Kote, tenuki.
Gauze, n. Moji, ro, sha.
Gawky, a. Bukotsu na.

GAY

78

GIV

Gay, a. Kirei-na, hanayaka na, hade na,

date na, iki-na, shareru.
Gaze, i. v. Nagameru, kiyorori to miru,

miru.
Gazette, n. Shimbunshi.
Gear, n. Dogu, bagu.
Gelatinous, a. Nehai, nebaritaru.
Geld, t. v. Kintama wo nuku.
Gelding, n, Kintama wo nukaretaru

uma.
Gem, n. Tama.
Gender, n. Mesu-osu, shi-yu.
Genealogy, n. Keidzu, chisuji, ketto.
Genera, n. Rui, bu-rui.
General, n. Taisho. — in chief, sho-

gun, shotaisho. In — , okata, taigai,

taitei.
General, a. Taitei no, 6-kata no, taigai

no. — name, so-miyo .
Generalissimo, n. Sodaisho, sotoku,
Generally, adv. Tai-tei, okata, omune,

taigai, tairiyaku, oyoso.
Generate, t. v. Shodzuru, san suru, de-

kiru.
Generation, n. Dai, yo.
Generous, a. Ki ga hiroi, ki no okii,

mono-oshimi senu, tai-ki na, mune no

hiroi.
Genial, a. Nengoro na, shinsetsu na.
Genteel, a. Teinei na, furiu na, fuga

na, iki na, miyabiyaka na, adeyaka na.
Gentian, n. Rindo, riutan.
Gentle, n. Otonashii, onjun naru, ya-

sashii, shidzuka na, odayaka na.
Gentleman, n. Kunshi.
Gently, adv. Soro-soro-to, sotto, sovo-

soyo-to, yasuraka ni, shidzuka-ni, soku-

soku, soto.
Gentry, n. Samurai, mibun aru hito,

reki-reki no hito.
Genuine, a. Hon, honto, jitsu-na, ma-
koto no.
Genus, n. Bu, bu-rui.
Geographer, n. Chiri-sha.
Geography, n. Chiri.
Geology, n. Chi-shitsu gaku.
Germ, n. Kizashi, mebaye, moto, me.
German, a. Doitsu no.
Germany, n. Doitsu.
Germinate, z. v. Kizasu, me ga deru.
Gestation, n. Mi-gomori, kuwai-nin,

hara-gomori.
Gesticulate, z. v. Temane wo suru, mi-

buri wo suru.
Gesture, n. Temane, mono-mane, mi-

buri.
Get, t. v. Uru, ukeru, motomeru, mo-

keru, totonoyeru, sadzukaru, atayerare-

ru, morau, – — out of ihe ivay, yokeru.

— the day, katsu, shori wo yeru. — to-
gether, atsumeru, tsumu. — over, su-

giru. — up, okiru, tatsu, agaru, noboru«
— a7vay, yuku, yokeru, tatsu, saru. —
beJiind, okureru. — back, kayeru. —
clear, sakeru, yokeru. — out, dcru. —
in, hairu, iru. — loose, hanareru. —
down, oriru, kudaru. — rid of, yokeru,
sakeru, — through, shi-togcru, shi-
agaru, sumu. — near, chika-yoru, yo-
ru. — at, todoku, oyobu. — drunk,
sake ni yo. — between, hedateru. — to.
itaru, ataru. — ahead, susumu, shussei
suru. — a child, ko wo umu. — rich }
kanemochi ni naru. — home, iye m
kayeru. — on a horse, uma ni noru. —
the better, katsu, shori wo uru. — by
heart, sorandzuru. Hoiu are you get-
ting on ? kono setsu ikaga de gozan-
masu ka.

Ghastly, a. Aozametaru, osoroshii.

Ghost, n. Yurci, bo-kon, tamashii, iki-
riyo, shi-riy<“>. (rive up the — , shi-suru.

Gime, t. v. Choro suru, naburu, nono-
shiru.

GlANT, n. Sei-takai hito.

Giddy, a. Memai, kennun, kura-kura,
kurumeku, kuramu, tachigurami, uka-
tsuku.

Gift, n. Shinjo-mono, shim-motsu, oku-
ri-mono, immotsu, tama-mono, mi-age,
sadzukari mono, ataye.

Gig, n. Ni rin sha no na, yasu.

Gigantic, a. Nami yori suguretaru ta-
kaki.

Giggle, t, v. Warau, kutsu-kutsu wa-
rau.

Gild, t. v. Kimpaku wo haru, mekki wo
suru.

Gilding, n. Kimpaku, mekki.

Gill, n. Yera, akido.

Gilt paint, n. Fundei.

Gimlet, n. Kiri.

Gin, t. v, Wata wo kuru.

Ginger, n. Shoga, hajikami, shokiyo.

Ginseng, n. Ninjin.

Gird, t. v. — on, obiru, tai suru. — «/,
karageru, hashoru.

Girdle, n. Obi, kakoye.

Girl, n. Musume, shinzo, otome, niyo-
shi.

Girlish, a. Musume-rashii.

Girth, n. Hara-obi, mawari.

Gist, n. Goku-i, ogi, oku-i.

Give, t. v. Yaru, watasu, atayeru, okuru,
kureru, hodokosu, harau, yokosu, sa-
dzukeru, adzukeru, chodai suru. —
place, yokeru. — one’s self to, hamaru,
koru. — back, kayesu, fuku suru. —
over, yameru, yosu. — out, hiromeru,
kikaseru, dasu, yameru. — tip, yama-
ru, yosu, yudzuru, suteru. — -way, ma-
keru, shirizoku, ochiru. — ear, kiku.

GIV

79

— chase, oi-kakeru. — one’ ‘s self up,
omoi-kitte shimau. — place, seki wo
yudzuru, shirizoku. To — in to, shita-
gau, fuku suru, shochi suru. Give me
what you don’t want, go fu-yo na mono
okure nasare. — in exchange, kayeru,
tori-kayeru. Will give this in, korewo
tsukete, age-masu. — heed, ki wo tsu-
keru. — ( to a superior ), ageru,
kenjo suru, tate-matsuru. — (to an in-
ferior), kudasaru, tamawaru, sadzuke-
ru, atayeru. — the way, michi wo yo-
keru. — a blozv, buchi-yaru. — it a
trial, yatte miru.

Giver, n. Yari-te.

Gizzard, n. Usu.

Glad, t. v. Yorokobu, ureshigaru, kiye-
tsu suru.

Glad, a. Ureshii, yorokonde oru.

Gladden, t. v. Yorokobasu.

Gladly, adv. Yorokonde, ureshiku.

Glance, i. v. Kagayaku, chirari-to mi-
ru, soreru, nagureru.

Gland, n. Sen.

Glare, u v. Neme-tsukeru, niramu, ki-
rameku, kagayaku.

Glaring, a. Akiraka na, medattaru.

Glass, n. Giyaman, biidoro, kagami.

Glaze, t. v. Giyaman wo hameru, yaki-
mono no kusuri wo kakeru.

Glazing, n. Kusuri. Paper — , dosa.

Gleam, i. v. Hikari wo sosu, kagayaku,
kirameku, kiratsuku.

Glean, /. v. Kaki-atsumeru.

Glee, n. Yorokobi, ureshigaru koto, ta-
noshimi.

Glen, n. Tani, kuki.

Glib, a. Nameraka na, tsuru-tsuru.

Glibly, adv. Dzura-dzura, nameraka
ni.

Glide, i. v. Nagareru, hashiru, tobu.

Glimmer, i. v. Chiratsuku, kiratsuku.

Glimpse, t. v. Chirari-to jniru.

Glisten’, i. v. Kagayaku, hikaru, kira-
meku, kiratsuku.

Glitter, i. v. Kirameku, kira-kira, ka-
gayaku, hikaru.

Globular, n. Marui.

Globe, n. Sekai, chikiu. Celestial — ,
kontengi.

Gloom, n. Utsu, shinki, ukki, inki. Dis-
pel — , ussan suru, kibarashi wo suru.

Gloominess, n. Inki, shinki.

Gloomy, a. Uttoshi, ibusei, kokoro-bo-
soi, ui, inki naru, usshiru, ussuru, ki ga
fusagu.

Glorify, t. v. Homeru, shobi suru, aga-
meru.

Glorious, a. Kuwodai, kagayaku, hika-
ru, komiyo na, appare na.

Glory, n. Yeiyo, kagayaki, hikari, ho-

GOD

mare, ikuwo, komiyo, go-kuwo. Even-
ing — of the sky , yu-yake. Morning

— of the sky, asa-yake.
Gloss, n. Tsuya.

Gloss, t. v. Tsuya wo tsukeru, ii-kazaru,
kazaru.

Glossary, n. Jibiki.

Glossy, a. Tsuya naru.

Glove, n. Tebukuro.

Glow, i. v. Moyeru, yaku, hikaru.

Glow-worm, n. Tsuchi-hotaru.

Glue, n. Nikawa.

Glue, t. v. Nikawa-dzuke wo suru.

Glue-pot, n. Nikawa-nabe.

Gluey, a. Nibai, betatsuku, beta-beta to
shita.

Glut, t. v. Aku, aguneru.

Glutinous, a. JS’ebai, beta-tsuku.

Glutton, n. Ogurai, shoku wo musabo-
ru mono.

Gluttonous, a. Ijigitanai, kuitagaru.

Gnash, t. v. — the teeth, hagishiri wo
suru, hagiri wo suru, hagami wo suru.

Gnat, n. Buyu.

Gnaw, t. v. Kamu, ku. Sound of gnaw-
ing, bori-bori-to.

Go, i. v. Yuku, iku, mairu. Let go, ha-
natsu, yukasu. — about, mawaru. —
against, sakarau, somuku. aside, hi-
kayeru, yokeru. — across, koyeru, wa-
taru. — astray, mayou. — away, sa-
ru, yuku. — by. koyeru, sugiru. —
down, kudaru, oriru, sagaru. — forth,
deru. — forward, susumu. — in, ha-
iru, iru. — in and oitt, de-iri wo suru.

— off, hanareru, saru, hanasu. — out,
deru, kiyeru. — over, koyeru, wataru,
yomu. — through, toru, sumu, togeru.

— up, agaru, noboru. — with, tomo-
nau, do-do suru, issho ni yuku, dohan
suru. — to and fro, kayo, yukiki. The
place to which one is going or gone,
yuku-saki, yuku-tokoro, yukuye. Just
about to go out, de-kakaru. Not go,
ikanu. To — for nothing, yo ni tatanu.
Where does this road go to ? kono mi-
chi wa doko ye yuku michi.

Go-between, n. Nakodo, chiu-nin, bai-
shaku, aisatsu-nin, hito-dzute.

Goad, /. v. Hagemasu, susumaseru.

Goal, n. Matoba, me-ate.

Goat, n. Hitsuji.

Goblet, n. Wan, sakadzuki.

Goblin, n. Akki, tengu, oni.

God, n. — of the Sintoo, kami, shin. —
of the Buddhists, hotoke. — of horses,
barekijin. — of wealth, fuku no kami,
daikoku-den. — of the kitchen, kojin,
or dokojia. — of ships, funa-dama. —
of war, gun-jin, hatchiman. — of rice,
inari-sama. — of the privy, kokagami.

GOD

80

GRA

— of thunder, rai-jin. Dragon — , riu-
jin. — 0/ roads, sai no kami. — of
zvater, sui-jin. — of marriage, tsuki
no okina. — of roads, dosojin. — of
Pestilence, yakubiyo garni.

Goddess, n. Onna-gami, me-gami. — of
mercy, kuvan-on.

Godless, a. Kami wo uyamawanu.

God-like, a. Kami no yd na.

Godliness, n. Shinjin.

Godown, n. Kura, dozo.

Going, n. Yuki, mairi, iku. As you are
going, yuki-gake ni.

Gold, n. Kin, kogane. — beater, haku-
ya. — color, kin-shoku, kon-jiki.

Golden, a. Kin no.

Gold-beater, n. Haku-ya.

Gold-dust, n. Kinsha.

Gold-fish, n. Kin-giyo.

Gold-leaf, n. Kimpaku.

Goldsmith, n. Kin-zaiku-nin.

Gold-thread, n. Kinshi.

Gong, n. Dora.

Gonorrhoea, n. Rimbiyo, rinshitsu.
Female — , shokachi.

Good, a. Yoi, yoroshii. ii, riyo, zen na-
ru. Make — , aganau, tsugunau, ogi-
nau, madou. — for nothing fellow^
naradzu-mono. Doing — , sazen suru,
zen wo nasu. — for nothing, yo ni
tatanu, nani ni mo naranu. — while,
yaya, hisashiku. — deal s yohodo,
dzui-bun, tappuri. — or bad, ashi-
yoshi, zen-aku, saga, ze-hi.

Good, n. Zen, tame, saiwai, yeki. —
and evil, zen aku. As good, as, onaji-
koto, hitoshiku.

Good-bye, inter/. Sayonara, go-kigen-
yoroshii.

Goodly, a. Yoi.

Good-man, n. Aruji, shujin, teishu.

Good morning, inter/. Ohayo.

Good-natured, a. Otonashii, niuwana,
hitoyaka na.

Goodness, n, Yosa, yoroshisa, toku,
nasake, on, kage.

Good night, interj. Sayonara, o-yasumi
nasare.

Goods, n. Ni, nimotsu, ka-gu, shiro-
mono, shoji.

Good-tempered, a. Iji no yoi, yasashii.

Goose, n. Wild — , gan, kari. Tame
— , gocho.

Goose-flesh, n. Tori-hada.

Goose-neck, n. Gan-kubi.

Gore, n. Chi, hagi, machi.

Gore, t. v. Tsuku^

Gorge, t. v. Hara ippai kurau.

Gorgeous, a. Kekko na, rippa-na, ha-
nayaka na, kirabiyaka-na.

Gorilla, n. Hihi.

Gospel, n. Fuku-in.
Gossip, /. v. Uwasa wo iu.
Gossip, //. Oshaberi, kuchitataki, uwa-
sa.
Gouge, n. Marunomi, kuri-nomi.
Gouge, t. v. Kujiru, hori-kujiru, yegu-

ru.
GOURD,*. Hiyotan, fukube.
GOURMAND, n. Gebizo, taishoku na mo-
no.
Govern, /. v. Osameru, matsurigoto wo

suru, shi-hai suru, riyo suru, kuwan-

katsu suru.
Governess, n. Onna shisho.
Government, n. xMatsurigoto, seifu,

seiji, seido, shihai.
Governor, n. Chiji, shihai nin.
Gown, n. Kimono, koromo.
Grab, t. v. Hittakuru, tsukami-toru.
Grace, n. On, megumi, awaremi, jihi,
* fubin, nasake, on-taku, on-toku.
Graceful, a. Furiu na, iki na, miyabi-

yaka, ateyaka na, taoyaka, ada na, shi-

nayaka.
GRACIOUS, a. Jihi-bukai, nasake-bukai.
GRADATION, n. Dan-dan, shidai, oi-oi.
Grade, ;/. Kurai, kakushiki, kaku, jo-

chiu-ge, dan, i, tairaka naru koto.
Grade, t. v. Narasu, tairaka ni suru.
Gradually, adv. Shidai-ni, dan-dan,

oi-oi, itsu-to naku.
Graduate, t. v. Bu wo tsukeru, me wo

tsukeru. (i. v.) Dai-gakko no yuru

shi wo ukeru.
Graft, n. Tsugiho, tsugiki.
Graft, t. v. Ki wo tsugu.
Grain, n. Tsubu, go-koku, mokume.

One grain troy, = ichi rin shichi mo.
Gram, n. Mame.
Grammar, n. Bumpo, bunten.
Grammarian, n. Bumpo wo shitte iru

hito.
Grammatical,^. Bumpo ni kanau.
Granery, n. Kome-gura.
Grand, a. Kekko na, rippa-na, ririshii,

rin-riri, kodai, subarashii, okii.
Grandchild, n. Mago.
Grand-daughter, n. Mago-musume.
Grandee, n. Reki-reki no hito, ki-nin,

kuwa-zoku.
Grandeur, n. Kekko, rippa, rinrin.
Grandfather, n. Jiji, o-ji-san. Great

— , hi-jiji. Great great — , hii-jiji.

Maternal — , guwai-sofu.
Grandmother, n. Baba, obaa-san. Great

— , hi-baba. Great great — , hii-haba.
Grandson, n. Mago.
Grant, t. v. Yurusu, shochi suru, kuda-

saru, tamau, sadzukeru .
Grape, n. Budo, yebi. — vine, budd-

dzuru.

GRA

8l

GRO

Grapnel, n. Ikari.

Grapple, t. v. Kumi-au, tori-muku, tsu-
kamiau, tsukamu, kakeru, nigiru.

Grasp, /. v. Tsukamu, nigiru.

Grass, n. Kusa.

Grass-cloth, n. Asa-nuno, nuno.

Grasshopper, n. Batta, hata-hata.

Grassplot, n. Shiba.

Grate, i. v. Kishiru, kishiri-au. (t. v.)
Suru, orosu. — the teeth, hagishiri.

Grate, n. Koshi.

Grateful, a. Arigatai, katajikenai.

Grater, n. Oroshi.

Gratify, t. v. Yorokobasu, kigen wo
toru.

Grating, n. Koshi.

Grating, a. Gichi-gichi suru.

Gratis, adv. Tada, dai wo toranu.

Gratitude, n. Arigataki.

Gratuitous, a. Tada suru, tada shite
yaru.

Gratuitously, adv. Tada.

Gratuity, #. Tada yaru mono, shimmo-
tsu.

Gratulation, n. Iwai, shuku.

Grave, a. Majime na, magao no, ogo-
soka, taisetsu na, omoi.

Grave, n. Haka, tsuka.

Grave, i. v. Horu, kizamu.

Grave-clothes, n. Kiyo-katabira._

Gravel, n. Jari, kuri-ishi, ko-ishi, sa-
zare-ishi.

Gravely, adv. Majime de, magao
de.

Graver, n. Tagane.

Gravestone, n. Sekito, haka-jirushi.

Graveyard, n. Hakachi, hakasho, ranto-
ba.

Gravity, n. Omosa.

Gravy, n. Shiru.

Gray, a. Shiroi. — hair, shiraga.

Gray, n. Nedzumi-iro.

Graze, i. v. Suru, kasuru, fureru, kusa
wo hamu.

Grease, n. Abura.

Grease-spot, n. Abura no shimi.

Greasy, a. _Aburake nam.

Great, a. Okii, kuwodai, bakutai, tai,
ko, dai. — in extent, hiroi. — in num-
ber, takusan, tan to, taiso, oku. — dis-
tance, toi, haruka, yempo. — conse-
quence, taisetsu, daiji. — while, naga-
ku, hisashiku. — in degree, fukai,
atsui, tsuyoi, omoi, hageshii. — crime,
dai-zai.

Great-grandson,??. Hiko.

Great-grandfather, n. Hi-jiji.

Great-grandmother, n. rii-baba.

Greatly, adv. _Oki-ni.

Greatness, n. Okisa, hirosa.

Greedy, a. Tonyoku na, musaboru, yo-

4*

kubaru, mangachi na, doyoku na, tori-

hodai.
Green, a. Aoi, midori, nama, jukusenu,

aomu, aomi-datsu.
Green-bottle-fly, n. Kuso-baye.
Greengrocer, n. Yao-ya.
Greenhouse, n. Muro.
Greenness, n. Aosa.
Greens, n. Na, yasai, ao-na.
Greet, t. v. Aisatsu suru, yeshaku suru,

jigi suru.
Griddle, n. Age-nabe.
Gridiron, n. Aburiko, tekkiu.
Grief, n. Kanashimi, urei, nageki, shin-

tsu.
Grievance, n. Nangi.
Grieve, i. v. Kanashimu, komaru, tiriou,

nageku.
Grievous, a. Kurushii, dzutsunai, setsu-

nai, kibishii, omoki.
Grill, t. v. Yakeru, ageru.
Grim, a. Osoroshii.
Grimace, n. Kao wo shikameru koto.
Grin, i. v. Warau, yemi wo fukumu,

kuchi wo akeru.
Grin, n. Warai, kuchi wo akeru koto.
Grind, t. v. Hiku, togeru.
Grip, n. Tsukami, nigiri.
Gripe, t. v. Tsukamu, nigiru.
Grist-mill, n. Kuruma-ya.
Grit, n. Mugi no hiki-wari.
Grizzly, a. Hampaku na.
Groan, z. v. Unaru, umeku.
Groan, n. Unari.
Grocer, n. Kambutsu-ya. Green — ,

yao-ya.
Grog, n. Sake.

Grog-blossom, n. Zakuro-bana.
Grog-drinker, n. Sake-nomi, jogo.
Grog-shop, n. Sakaya.
Groin, n. Momone, tsukene.
Groom, n. Betto.
Groom, t. v. Uma no soji wo suru.
Groove, n. Shikii, mizo.
Grope, i. v. Saguru, tadoru.
Gross, a. Akudoi, shitsukoi, iyashii,

bukotsu na, gehin, aku. — language,

akko, kuwa-gon.
Gross, n. Kuwahan, tai-han, hiyaku-

shijushi. — weight, kaigake, uwame.

In the — , kuchi de, matomete.
Grotesque, a. Okashii.
Grotto, n. Ana, hora.
Ground, n. Tsuchi, tsuchibeta, jimen,

jigiyo, denji, shitagi, motodzuki. Lose

— , shirizoku. Run aground, i-suwaru.

— rent, ji-dai. Gain — , susumu, ka-

tsu t
Ground, t. v. Motodzuku. The ship

has grounded, fune ga umi no soko ni

tsuita.

GRO

82

HAD

Ground-floor, n. Yuka.

Groundless, a. Wake ga nai, shisai ga
nai.

Ground-nut, «. Rakkuwasho.

Ground-plot, n. Jidori.

Ground-sill, n. Dodai.

Groundwork, n. Jigane.

Group, n. Mura.

Group, t. v. Murageru, atsumeru.

Grove, n. Mori, yat>u.

Grovel, t. v. Hau, hire-fusu.

Grow, i. v. Tsukuru.

Grow, i. v. Hayeru, nobiru, futoru, soi-
cho suru, chodzuru, hayasu. — in
skilly agaru, susumu. — *. Hiki-iki, takusen.
Inspire, /. v. Sui-komu, iki wo hiku,

hiki-komu.
Inspirit, /. v. Hagemasu, chikara wo

tsukcru, ki wo hiki-tateru, kisaki wo

hiki tatsuru.
Inspissate, t. v. Koku suru.
Instability, n. Sadaramanu koto, utsu-

rigi.
Instal, t. v. Yaku ni tateru.
Instalment, n. Nashi-kudzushi. Daily

— , higake. Monthly — , tsukifu, gep-

pu. Yearly — , nempu.
Instance, t. v. Rei ni hiku.
Instance, n. Rei, tameshi, tehon. For

— , tatoyeba.
Instant, a. Kiu na, niwaka na, sashi-

ataru.
Instant, n. Toki, koro, jibun, soku-ji,

shuyu, orikara.
Instantaneous, a. Tachimachi no, so-

kuji no, niwaka na.
Instantly, adv. Sokuji ni,tachidokoro ni.
Instead, adv. Kawari-ni. To give — ,

kayeru.
Instep, n. Ashi no ko.
Instigate, t, v. Odateru, keshi-kakeru,

kuwadateru, sendo suru.
Instigator, n. Odateru hito, hotto nin,

hokki nin.
Instil, t. v. Shimi-komaseru.
Instinct, n. Umare-tsuki no kokoro, ten-

nen naru kokoro.
Instinctively, adv. Umare-tsuite, ono-

dzukara.
Institute, t. v. Tateru, hajimeru, shi-

tateru, oku, sadameru.
Institute, n. Okite, sadame, horitsu.
Instruct, t. v. Oshiyeru, tsugeru, kiyo-

kun suru, ii-tsukeru, nomi-komaseru.
Instruction, n. Oshiye, kiyokun, ii-

tsuke, shinan, denju. kiyo-iku, kiyo-yu.
Instructor, n. Shisho, shihan.
Instrument, n. Dogu, kikai, utsuwa.
Insubordinate, «. Shitagawanu, somu-

ku.
Insufferable, a. Tayerarenu, koraye-

rarenu, gaman-dekinu, shimbo dekinu.

INS

97

INT

Insufficient, a. Taranu, fusoku nam.
Insulate, t. v. Hanashite-oku.
Insult, «. Burei, shitsurei.
Insult, t. v. Burei wo suru, shitsurei wo

suru.
Insuperable, a. Nozokarenu, oyobare-

nu, koyerarenu.
Insupportable, a. Tayerarenu, gaman

dekinu, korayerarenu.
Insurance, n. Ukeai.
Insure, t. v. Ukeau.
Insurer, n. Ukeai-nin.
Insurgent, n. Muhon nin.
Insurmountable, a. Oyobarenu, koye-
rarenu.
Insurrection, n. Muhon, ikki, gekiran.
Integrity, n. Mattaki koto, tadashiki

koto, seichoku.
Integument, n. Kawa, hifu.
Intellect, n. Chiye, sai, sai-chi.
Intelligence, n. Sai-chi, chiye, satori,

tsushin.
Intelligence-office, n. Keian, kuchi-

ire.
Intelligent, a. Riko-na, kashikoki,

tsushin naru.’
Intelligible, a. Wakari-yasui.
Intemperance, n. Do ni sugiru koto,

sake ga sugiru koto, goshu.
Intemperate, a. Do ni sugiru. — in

drink sake ga sugiru. goshu. — in eat-
ing, go-shoku.
Intend, t. v. Kokoroyeru, kokorozasu.
Intense, a. Hageshii, tsuyoi, kibishii,

kitsui.
Intensely, adv. Tsuyoku, hidoku, ki-

bishiku.
Intensity, n. Tsuyosa, hidosa.
Intent, a. Nen irete suru, hagende oru,

kokorozashi fukai.
Intent, n. Tsumori, kokorozashi, me-

ate.
Intention, n. Tsumori, riyoken, koko-
rozashi, me-ate. Contrary to one’s — ,

kokoro naradzu.
Intentional, a. Takumitaru, kokoro-

gaketaru.
Intentionally, adv. Waza to, koto sa-

ra ni.’
Intently, adv. Hitasura ni, hita-mono,

nen-irete.
Inter, t. v. Homuru, udzumeru.
Intercalary-month, n. Urudzuki, jun-

getsu.
Intercede, t. v. Tori-nasu, tori-tsuku-

ro.
Intercession, n. Tori-nashi, naka-da-

chi.
Intercessor, n. Chiu-nin, nakodo.
Intercept, i. v. Sashi-tomeru, seki-to-

meru, osayeru, yokodori wo suru.

, Interchange, t. v. Tori-kayeru, kayeru,

koyeki suru, kayowasu.
Intercourse, n. Tsuki-ai, majiwari,

orai, yukiki, kayoi.
Interdict, /. v. Kindzuru, sei-kin suru,

kotowaru, choji suru. r ori, otodzure,

shosoku, bingi, kotodzuke.
Messenger, n. Tsukai, shisha.
Messmate, ?z. Do-shuku, do-shoku.
Metal, n. Kane.
Metallurgist, a. Kanefuki.
Metallurgy, n. Kane wo fuki-wakeru

jutsu.
Metamorphose, t. v. Hendzuru, hen-

kuwa suru, henge suru, bakeru.
Metaphor, n. Keiyo, tatoye.
Metaphorically, adv. Keiyo shite.
Metaphysics, ?i. Seiri-gaku.
Metastasis, a. Tenshi.
Metempsychosis, n. Umare-kawari, ru-

ten, rinden, rinye.
Meteor, n. Yobaiboshi, riusei, yusei.
Meteorology, n. Kiiki-gaku.
Method, ;/. Dori, kata, shikata, ho.

— of writing, kaki-kata, fude-dzukai.

— of teaching, oshiye-kata.
Methodical, a. Torishimari no yoi,

jun-jo naru.
Metropolis, ;/. Miyako.
Metropolitan, a. Miyako ni oru.
Mettlesome, a. Kitsui, kidzuyoki, aku-

mashii.

MEW

112

MIN

Mew, i. v. Niya-niya to naku.
Miasma, a. Akki.
Mica, n. Kirara, ummo.
Microscope, n. Mushi-megane, kembi-

kiyo.
Mid-day, n. Nitchiu, mahiru.
Middle, n. Mannaka, nakaba, chiu-6.

— ages, chiu-ko, naka-goro, naka-mu-
kashi. — aged, chiu-nen. — class,
chiu-hai.

Middle-man, n. Chiu-nin, nakodo, sai-
tori, kuniu-nin.

Middling, a. Kanari, dzuibun, chiu-hin,
chiu-gurai, chiu-dori.

Midnight, n. Yonaka, yahan.

Midst, n. Naka, uchi, chiu, nakaba,
saichiu, chiuto, chiu-do.

Midsummer, n. Chiu-ka.

Midway, n. Michi no nakaba.

Midwife, n. Tori-age-baba, sarnba.

Mid-winter, n. Chiuto.

Mien, n. Nari, nari-furi.

Miff, n. Kobara, ikari.

Might, n, Chikara, ikioi, sei, tsuyoki,
riki. — and main, chikara -wo tsuku-
shite. Cried out with all his might,
koye no kagiri ni yonda.

Might, pret. of may, is thus formed :
if he had called the doctor earlier he
might have recovered, hayaku isha ni
kakattara naoru de attaro. If he had
•wished he might have gone, ki-ni-ittara
yuku de attaro. / might have sold
them last year, kiyo-nen uru de attaro.
Don’t fire the gun, you might shoot
somebody, teppo wo hanasu na hito ni
attaro mo shirenu. Don’t cross on the
log, you might fall, marukibashi wo
wataru n a ochio mo shirenu.

Mightily, adv. Tsuyoku, hageshiku,
kibishiku, hiroku.

Mighty, a. Tsuyoi, hageshii, kibishii,
okii, ikuwo aru, gosei naru.

Migrate, t. v. Utsuru, wataru, kuni-
gaye wo suru.

Mild, a. Umai, hodoyoi, yawaraka, niu-
jaku na. — of taste, awayaka.

Mildew, n. Kabi, (z. v.) kabiru, fukeru,
komo-geru.

Mildly, adv. Umaku, hodoyaku, yawa-
raka ni shite.

Mile, n. Ri. Equal to ni ri han _ of
English mile. Half a mile, han-michi.

Mile-stone, n. Ichi-ri-dzuka.

Military, a. Bu. — class, buke. —
7nerit, bu-ko. — science, bu-do, bu-gei,
gum-po. — arms, bu-gu, bu-ki. —
power, bu-i. — merit, bu-do. —fame,
bumei. — officer, bu-kuwan, gunshi.

— preparations, bubi.
Military school, n. Kobusho.

Militate, i. v. Sakarau, giyaku suru.

Militia, n. Mimpei, nohei, hohei.

Milk, n. Chichi.

Milk, t. v. Chichi wo shiboru.

Milk-fever, n. Chi-burui.

Milkmaid, n. Ushi no chichi wo shibo-
ru gejo.

Milky-way, n. Ama-no-gawa, ginka.

Mill, n. Usu.

Millet, n. Awa.

Milliner, n. Onna no kamuri-mono wo
seisaku suru onna.

Million, n. Hiyaku-man, sen-sen.

Millstone, n. Hiki-usu no ishi.

Milt, n. Hararago.

Mimic, n. Maneshi.

Mimic, /. v. Maneru. — others, hito-
mane wo suru.

Mince, t. v. Tataku, komaka ni kiru.

Mince-meat, n. An.

Mind, n. Kokoro, shin, ki. nen, i, riyo-
ken, omoi, zonjiyori, zombu, zoni, zo-
nen. Keep in — , ki ni tomeru. Call
to — , omoi-dasu. Put in — , ki wo
tsukete yaru. To make up one’s — ,
ketchaku suru. Never — , kamau na.
One — , ichi-i. Not to — , kayeri-mi-
dzu, itowadzu. Mind your own busi-
ness, go jibun no koto nasare.

Mind, t. v. Nen wo ireru, ki wo tsukeru,
kokoro ni kakeru, ito, mochi-iru, tori-
au, tonjaku suru, kayeri-miru, kanga-
yeru, omou.

Mindful, a. Ki wo tsukeru, tsutsushi-
mu, kokoro ni kakeru.

Mine, a. Watakushi no, waga.

Mine, t. v. Horu, aragane wo hori-
dasu.

Mine, n. Mabu, ana, ko-zan, jirai-ku-
wa.

Miner, n. Kane-hori, kofu.

Mineral, a. Kobutsu, ko.

Mineralogy, n. Kobutsu gaku.

Mineralogist, n. Kobutsu gakusha.

Mingle, t. v. Mazeru, kondzuru, kaki-
mazeru, awaseru.

Miniature, n. Nigao.

Minister, n. Shin, kerai, tsutome-bito,
kiyoshi. Foreign — , koshi.

Minister, t. v. Tsutomeru, hodokosu,
segiyo suru, sewa wo suru.

Ministry, n. Tsutome, yakume.

Minor, n. Shonen naru mono,

Minority, n. Shonen, sho-bun.

Minstrel, n. Kadotsuke, torioi, goze.

Mint, n. Gin-za, kuwahei-kiyoku.

Mint, n. Hakka.

Minuet, n. Odori no tagui.

Minute, a. Chiisai, komayaka-na, suko-
shi.

Minute, n. Bu,bunji,kaki-tome, tebikai.

MIN

113

MIS

Minutely, adv. Kuwashiku, komayaka-

ni, isai ni, tsubusa ni, saimitsu ni,

koma-gcma to, ru-ru.
Miracle, n. Fushigi.
Miraculous, a. Fushigi na.
Mirage, n. Nago, shinkiro.
Mire, n. Doro, tsuchi.
Mirror, n, Kagami.
Mirth, n. Tawamure, kiyo, warai.
Misanthrope, n. Hito wo nikumu hi-to.
Misapply, t. v. Tsukai-ayamaru.
Misapprehend, t. v. Kiki-chigau, kik-

sokonau, omoi-chigau, kokoroye-chi-

gau.
Misbehayior, n. Busaho, fu-mimochi,

giyogi ga warui.
Miscalculate, t. v. Kazoye-chigau, ha-

kari-chigau, tsumori-chigau.
Miscall, t. v. Yobi-chigayeru, yobi-

ayaraaru.
Miscarry, t. v. Hadzureru, ataranu,

deki-sokonau, hansan suru, nagarezan

suru, riuzan suru.
Miscarriage, n. Han-san, riu-zan.
Miscellaneous, a. — writings, dzui-

hitsu, mampitsu, zassho.
Miscellany, n. Zakki.
Mischance, n. Fu-un, fu-shiawase.
Mischief, n. Itadzura goto, aku, gai,

ada.
Mischievous, a. Itadzura na, gai wo

nasu.
Mischievously, adv. Itadzuru ni, wa-

ruku.
Mischief-maker, n. Goma-suri.
Miscompute, t. v. Kazoye-chigau.
Misconception, n. Omoi-chigai, riyo-

ken-chigai, kokoroye-chigai, omoi-aya-

mari.
Misconduct, it. Fu-giyogi, fu-giyo-seki,

fu-mimochi.
Misconjecture, n. Sunyo-chigai, riyo-

ken-chigai.
Misconstrue, t. v. Honyaku-chigai, to-

ki-a3^amaru.
Miscount, t. v. Kazoye-sokonai wo

suru.
Miscreant, ti. Furachi na yatsu.
Misdate, t. v. Hi wo kaki-ayamaru,

hidori-chigai wo suru.
Misdeed, 71. Aku-ji, fu-giyogi.
Misdemeanor, n. Toga, tsumi, kei-

zai.
Misdirect, t. v. Namaye-chigai wo

suru, na-ate chigai wo suru.
Misemploy, t. v. Muda ni tsuiyasu,

muda ni mochiiru.
Miser, n. Shiwambo, kechina-hito, rin-

shoku na hito, yabusaka.
Miserable, a. Nanju na, nangi na, wa-

bishiki, ashiki.

Miserly, a. Shiwai, rinshoku na, yabu-
saka, kechi-na, shuren na.

Misery, 71. Nangi, nanju, kuro, sainan,
itami, kurushii.

Misfortune, n. Wazawai, sainan, fuko,
fu-shiawase.

Misgive, z. v. Utagau, ibukashiku omo.

Misgovern, t. v. Sei-ji ga warui, osame
kata ga warui.

Mishap, 71. Fuko, ayamachi, fu-shia-
wase.

Misimprove, t. v. Muda ni mochiiru,
muda ni tsukau.

Misinform, /. v. Oshiye-chigai wo su-
ru.

Misinterpret, t. v. Toki-ayamaru, hon-
yaku chigai, geshi chigai.

Misjudge, t. v. Mitate-chigau, tsumori-
chigau, riyoken-chigai.

Mislay, t. v. Oki-chigau, oki-wasureru.

Mislead, t. v. Mayowasu, madowasu,
damasu.

Misletoe, n. Hoya, yadorigi.

Mismanage, t. v. . Shi-sokonau, shi-
kujiru, waruku tori-atsukau.

Misplace, t. v. Oki-chigau, oki-wasu-
reru.

Misprint, /. v. Kaki-chigau, uye-chi-
gau.

Misprint, ti. Sakugo.

Mispronounce, t. v. Ii-sokonau, ii-chi-
gau, ii-ayamaru.

Misquote, t. v. Hiki-chigau.

Misrepresent, t. v. Ii-mageru, itsuwatte
noberu.

Misrule, n. Midare, ran, aku sei, giyaku
sei.

Miss, t. v. Ataranu, hadzureru, machi-
gau, mayo, miye-nakunaru, nuku.

Miss, n. San.

Missing, a. Naku-natta, ushinatta.

Mission, n. Tsukai.

Missionary, n. Yesu no michi wo hiro-
meru hito, kiyoshi.

Misspell, t. v. Kanadzukai chigai.

Misspend, t. v. Tsuiyasu, muda-dzu-
kai.

Misstep, t. v* Fumi-hadzusu.

Mist, n. Kiri-ame, nuka-ame, midzu-
kemuri.

Mistake, t. v. Ayamaru, machigau,
sonjiru, sokonau.

Mistake, n. Ayamachi, ochido, sakugo,
shi-ochi, soi.

Misstate, t. v. Ii-chigau, tsuge-ayama-
ru.

Mister, w. San, sama, kimi.

Mistimed, a. Ori ni awanu, basho ni
awanu, ma ni awanu.

Mistress, n. San, kami-san, goshinzo,
iro-onna.

MIS

114

Mistrust, t. v. Fushin ni omo, ibuka-

shiku omo, utagau.
Misunderstand, t. v. Kokoroye-chigau,

omoi-chigau.
Misuse, t. v. Tsukai-sokonau, mochi-

ayamaru, te-araku tsukau.
Mitigate, t. v. Nadameru, gendzuru,

yawarageru, karuku naru, yurumeru.
Mix, t. v. Mazeru, majiru, kaki-mazeru,

kondzuru, awaseru.
Mixture, n. Mazeru koto, majiru mono.
Mizen-mast, n. Ato-bashira.
Moan, t. v. Unaru, umeku, naku, kana-

shimu.
Moat, n. Hori.
Mob, n. Ikki, sodo.
Mock, t. v, Maneru, azakeru, azawarau,

guro suru, warau, naburu, choro sum.
Mock, a. Fujitsu na, nise, sora, magai.
Mockery, n. Guro, chord, naburi.
Mode, n. Yo, tori.
Model, n. Kata, tehon, mihon, hinaga-

ta.
Model, t. v. Katadoru.
Moderate, t. v. Hikayeru, gendzuru,

habuku, yawarageru, yurumeru.
Moderate, a. Chiu-gurai no, nami no,

hodo no yoi.
Moderation, n. Hikayeme, uchiba.
Modern, a. Ima no, toji no. — times,

kon-sei, kon-ji. Ancient and — , ko-

kon.
Modest, a. Hadzukashigaru, uchiki na,

yenriyo naru.
Modesty, n. Yenriyo, habakari, hige.
Modify, /. v. Kayeru, naosu, shi-nao-

su.
Modulation, n. Irone.
Moiety, n. Hambun, nakaba.
Moil, i. v. Hone-oru.
Moist, a. Nureta, shimetta, uruoi, uru-

mu, jimi-jimi to shita.
Moisten, t. v. Nurasu, shimesu, uruosu,

urumaseru.
Moisture, n. Shikke, midzuki.
Molar-tooth, n. Okuba.
Molasses, n. Sato-mitsu.
Mole, n. Muguramochi, hokuro, dori-

yo.
Molest, t. v. Komaraseru, wadzurawa-

seru.
Mollify, t. v. Yawarageru, nadameru,

yurumeru.
Moment, n. Henshi, kata-toki, zanji.

In a — , chotto, tachi-machi, shuyu,

sunka, su-nin. Of — , daiji na, taisetsu

na, setsu-na. Last — , saigo. Wait a

— , chotto o machi-nasare.
Momentary, a. Shibaraku, wadzuka no

aida, zanji no. To be in — expectation,

ima ya ima ya to matsu.

MOR
Daiji-na, taisetsu na-

Momentous,

ru.

Momentum, n. Hadzumi, sei, ikioi.
Monarch, n. Tenshi, 6, kashira.
Monarchy, n. Gunken.
Monastery, n. Tera, ji.
Monday, n. Getsu-yobi.
Money, n. Kane, kinsu, kinsen, kingin.

Ready — , genkin.
Money-bag, n. Saifu, kane-ire.
Money-box, n. Zeni-bako.
Money-changer, n. Riyogaye-ya.
Money-lender, n. Kane-kashi.
Moneyless, a. Kane-nai.
Monk, n. So, osho.
Monkey, n. Saru.
Monopolize, t. v. Kai-shimeru.
Monopoly, n. Kabu.
Monotonous, a. Taira naru, taikutsu

na.
Monotony, n. Taira naru oto.
Monstrous, a. Kikuwai na, hen na, igi-

yo na, kesho na, okii, taihen na.
Month, n. Tsuki, getsu, guwastu. —

about, kaku-getsu. Last — , ato-getsu.

Next — , rai-getsu.
Monthly, a. Tsuki-dzuki, mai-getsu.

— salary, gekkiu.
Monument, n. Hi, seki-hi.
Mood, n. Kokoro-mochi.
Moody, a. Muragi naru, ki no fusaide

oru.
Moon, n. Tsuki, getsu. Full — , bo-

getsu, man-getsu. New — , mikka-

dzuki. — rise, tsuki no de.
Moonlight, n. Tsuki-akari, tsuki-kage,

gekko. — night, tsuki-yo, getsu-ya.
Moor, n. No, nobara.
Moot, i. v. Araso, rondzuru.
Mope, z. v. Ki ga fusagu, ussuru.
Moral, a. — philosophy, shin-gaku.
Morality, n. Michi, dori, reigi.
Morass, n. Numa.
Morbid, a. Yameru, biyo.
More, adv. Nao, mada, yo, amari, raa-

saru, ma. No — , kore-kiri, mo nai.

Once — , ima ichi do, mo ichi do. Give

me a little — , mo chitto kudasare. Do

you -want any more? mada iru ka.

Have you any vtore ? mada aru ka.

The more he eats the more lean he be-
comes, shoku sureba shoku suru hodo

yaseru. — and more, masu-masu, iyo-

iyo, zocho, iyamasu, itodo. How much

more, mashite, iwan ya. A little more,

mo sukoshi, machitto.
Moreover, adv. Sono uye ni, mata, nao,

nao-sara, nao-mata, mata wa, katsu,

katsu mata, amassaye.
Morning, n. Asa, cho, kesa, hiru-maye.

— bell, ake no kane. — shower, asa-

MOR

“5

MUL

dachi. — sleep, asa-ne. — sun, asa-hi.

— twilight, asa-hikagel Six o’clock in
the — , ake-mutsu. — and evening,
chiu-ya, chobo, asa-ban. — star, ake
no miyo-jin, aka-boshi, taihaku sei.

Morning-glory, n. Asagao. — of the

sky, asa-yake.
Morose, a. Iji no warui.
Morrow, n. Miyo-nichi, ashita. —

morning, miyo-asa. — eveiiing, miyo-

ban. Day after to — , asatte, miyo-go-

nichi. Two days after to — , shi-assa-

te, mij^o-go-go-nichi.
Mortal, a. Shinuru hadzu, shi-subeki,

ningen. — wound, omode. — disease,

shini yamai.
Mortar, n. Niuhachi, usu, kabe, tsuchi,

odzutsu.
Mortgage, n. Kaki-ire-jo-mon.
Mortgage, t. v. Hiki-ate ni suru, kaki-

ire ni suru.
Mortification, n. Funiku, dasso, haji.
Mortify, i. v. Kusaru, hadzukashimeru.
Mortise, n. Hozo-ana.
Moss, n. Koke.

Most, a. Ichiban, goku, itatte, motto-
mo, hanahada. The most part, taigai,

okata, daibun, moppara, arakata, tai-

tei, tairiyaku, aramashi. At the most,

seisai, seigiri, tsumari.
Mostly, adv. Taigai, tairiyaku, okata,

taitei, moppara.
Moth, n. Shimi, hiru, tomushi.
Mother, n. Haha, okka-san, ofukuro,

bodo.
Mother in law, n. Shutome.
Mother of pearl, n. — mosaic work,

raden.
Motherly, #. Haha.no. teinei na, bi, yoi,

umaki. — bit, chimmi.
Nicely, adv. Yoku, teinei na.
Nick, n. Kidzu, kake. — of time, cho-

do ma ni atta.
Nicked, a. Koboreru, kakeru.
Nickname, n. Ada-na.
Niece, n. Mei.
Niggard, a. Shiwai, rinshoku no, yabu-

saka. n.) Shiwambo.
Niggardly, adv. Shiwaku, kechi ni,

rinshoku ni, oshinde.
Nigh, a. Chikai. — to, nosomu, masa-

ni, hotondo. Draw — , chikayoru.
Night, n. Ya, ban, yo. — time, yoru,

yabun. Whole — , yodoshi, yomosuga-

ra. To-night, kom-ban. Last — ,

saku-ban, yombe. To-morrow — ,

miyo-ban. In the — , ya-chiu. Late^

at — , yo-fuka. — about, ichi ya oki

ni, kaku-ya. Pass the — , yo wo akasu.

— robber, yato. — lamp, ari-ake. —
attack, yo-uchi. — crying, yo-naki k

— waking, tetsu-ya, yo-akashi. —
work, yo-shigoto, ya-giyo. — fishing,
ya-riyo. — dress, yo-gi. To work
night and day, yo wo hi ni tsuide ka-
segu.

Night-blindness, n. Tori-me.
Night-boat, n. Yo-fune.
Night-clothes, n. Neniaki, yogi.
Nightly, adv. Mai-ban, yo goto ni.
Nightmare, n. Unasareru, osowareru.
Night-soil, n. Shimogoye.
Night-sweat, n. Ne-ase.
Night-watch, n. Yo-ban.
Nimble, a. Ashibaya-no, hayai.
Nimbus, n. Komiyo.
Nine, a. Kokonotsu, ku.
Nineteen, a. Ju-ku.
Nineteenth, a. Ju-ku-ban.
Ninetieth, a. Ku-ju-ban.
Ninety, a. Ku-ju.
Ninth, a. Ku-ban. (n.) Ku-ban-me.
Nip, /. v. Tsumeru, tsumu.
Nipple, n. Chi-mame, chikubi, chibusa.
Nitrate of Potash, n. Sho-seki.^
Nitrate of Silver, n. Sho-san-gin.
No, adv. Iiye, iya, nai, and neg. sujff.

nu, dzu, de, mai. — matter, kamai-

masen. No help for it, shikata ga nai,

shiyo ga nai.
Noble, a. Tattoki, omoki, takai, kenage

na, rippa no. — and ignoble, ki-sen.
Nobleman, n. Kuwa-zoku, reki-reki no

hito.
Nobility, n. Kuwa-zoku, reki-reki.
Nobody, n. Dare mo nai.
Nocturnal, a. Yo, yoru no.
Nod, i. v. Unadzuku.
Noise, n. Oto, ne, sawagi, hibiki. To

make — , yakamashii, sawagu, sodo su-
ru, zazameku, zomeku.
Noise, t. v. Fure-chirasu, hiromeru.
Noiseless, a. — steps, nuki-ashi, shi-

nonde, noso-noso to.
Noisome, a. Doku-na, aku, warui, ku-

sai.
Noisy, a. Yakamashii, sawagashii, .soz6-

shii.
Nomenclature, n. Kotoba, miyomo-

ku.
Nominate, t. v. TTateru.
None, a. Mo nai.
Nonentity, n. Mu ichi motsu.
Nonplused, pass. Toho ni kureru.
Nonsense, n. Orokanaru koto, andara,

guchi.
Nonsensical, a. Bakarashii, gu nam,

oroka naru, guchi na.
Noon, n. Mahiru, nitchiu, haku-chiu.
Noose, n. Wana.

NOR

II 9

NUR

Nor, conj. Mb, nao, mata, ‘with a nega-
tive.
Normal, a. Atarimaye no, kisoku-dori no.
North, n. Kita, kita no ho, hoku, ne no

ho.
North-east, n. To-hoku, ushi-tora no

ho. — wind, narai.
North-pole, n. Hokkiyoku.
North-star, n. Hokkiyoku-sei, hoku-

shin.
Northward, adv. Kita no ho ye.
North-west, n. Kita-nishi, sei-hoku,

inu-i no ho.
North-wind, n. Kita-kaze, hoku-fu.
Nose, n. Hana. To blow the — , kamu.

Blow the — with the fingers, tebana

wo kamu. — bleed, hanaji. Hair of — ,

hana-ge. Breathing of — , hana-iki.

Mucus of — , hana, hana-shiru, hana-

kuso. — paper, hana-gami.
Nose-band, n. Hana-gawa.
Nosegay, n. Hito tsukane no hana.
Nose-ring, n. Hanagai.
Nostril, n. Hana no ana.
Nostrum, n. Hi-yaku.
Not, adv. Is not, or have not, nai. Do

not, na, nakare, muyo. Not yet, mada,

or imada, with a neg. verb. — the

least, sukoshi mo nai.
Notable, a. Nadakai, ki-miyo, miyo-

naru, komei.
Notch, n. Kiri-kata, kirime. — of an

arrow, hadzu.
Notched, a. Kakeru, koboreru, kirime

wo tsukeru.
Note, n. Shirushi, chiu, fu, tegata, te-

gami, kaki-tsuke, kaki-tome, hiyoban.
Note, t. v. Tsukeru, kaki-tomeru, mi-

tomeru, shirusu, chiu-kai suru, chiu-

shaku suru.
Note, a. Nadakaki, na aru. Place of

— , mei-sho, nadokoro. A man of — ,

mei-jin.
Note-book, n. Oboye-cho, te-cho, tebi-

kai.
Noted, a. Na-dakai, ko-mei.
Nothing, n. Nani mo nai, mu-ichi-

motsu. — but this, kore bakari, kore

kiri. Make — of, koto to mo sedzu,

kayeri-midzu, itowadzu. — more, mo

nai. Have — to do with it, kuwan-kei

senu ga yoi.
Notice, t. v. Miru, mi-tsukeru, mi-to-

meru, kayeri-miru, kamau. Take no

— of, sumashite iru.
Notice, n. Fure, shirase. Public — , fu-

ko. Give — , shiraseru, tsugeru. — of

others, hito-me.
Notification, n. Fu-koku.
Notify, t. v. Kikaseru, shiraseru, tsuge-
ru, fukoku suru.

Notion, n. Kokoroye, omoye,’ riyoken*
tsumori, zonjiyori, zombun.

Notional, a. Uwatsukite oru.

Notoriety, n. Guwai-bun, miyo-mon,
hiyo-ban.

Notorious, a. Nadakaki, meihaku
na.

Notwithstanding, conj. Saredomo, ke-
redomo, iyedomo, nagara.

Noun, n. Tai no kotoba, mei-shi.

Nourish, t. v. Yashinau, sodateru, bu-
iku suru, yo-iku suru.

Nourishment, n. Tabe-mono, yashinai-
mono, kui-mono, shoku-motsu.

Novel, n. Kusazoshi, saku-mono-ga-
tari.

Novel, a. Atarashii, tsune naranu.

Novelty, n. Chimbutsu, atarashii mo-
no.

November, n. Ju-ichi-guwatsu.

Novice, n. Heta, shimbochi, shami,
shoshin.

Now, adv. Ima, toji, imasara. — and
then, ori-o^i, ori-fushi, 6-6. — high
now low, agattari sagatarri. Now cry-
ing now laughing, naitari warattari.

Nowhere, adv. Doko ni mo nai.

Noxious, a. Doku-na, gai ni naru, tame
ni naranu, sawaru.

Nozzle, n. Kuchi.

Nude, a. Hadaka na.

Nudge, /. v. Hiji de tsuku.

Nudity, n. liadaka naru koto.

Nugatory, a. Muda na, munashiki, ya-
ku ni tatanu.

Nuisance, n. Gai, jama, fujo. To abate
a — , fujo wo nozoku.

Null, a. Muda, yo ni tatanu,

Nullify, /. v. Muda ni suru, munashiku
suru.

Numb, a. Shibireru, mahi suru.

Number, «. Insii, kadzu, ban. Great — ,
6ku, amata. Small — , wadzuka, suku-
nai. Odd — , ki-su. Even — , gu-su.
What — , ikutsu, ikura, iku-ban. —
of years, nen-sii.

Number, t, v. Kazoyeru, ban wo tsuke-
ru.

Numberless, a. Kazoyerarenu.

Numerical, a. — order, ban-date

Numerically, adv. Bandate shite, ka-
dzu ni shite. _

Numerous, a. O, amata no, taiso no.

Numscull, n. Baka, gudon na hito.

Nun, n. Ama, bikuni, zenni.

Nunnery, n. Amadera.

NUPTIAL, a. — presents, yuino. — cere-
monies, kon-rei.

Nuptials, n. Kon-rei, kon-in.

Nurse, n. Mori, kai-ho-nin, kambiyo-
nin, togi. Wet — , uba, omba.

NUR

I20

OCC

Nurse, i, v. Mori wo suru, kaiho sum,
kambiyo suru, chichi wo nomaseru.

Nurture, t. v. Yashinau, sodateru, bu-
iku suru.

Nut, n. Mi.

Nut-gall, n. Gobaishi, fushi.

Nutmeg, n. Nikudzuku.

Nutriment, n. Shokuji, ashinau mo-
no.
Nutrition, n. Yashinai
Nutritious, a. Yashinau.
Nutshell, n. Kara.
Nux vomica, n. Machin.

O

Oak, n. Kashi no ki.

Oakum, n. Maihada, or makihaka, ki-

hada.
Oar, n. Ro, kai. — maker, roya.
Oat, n. Karasu-mugi.
Oath, n. Chikai, seigon.
Obdurate, a. Ganko naru, funinjo, ka-

tai.
Obedience, n. — to parents, koko. — to

a master, chiugi.
Obedient, a. Shitagau, koko naru, ko-

naru.
Obeisance, n. Aisatsu, yesaku.
Obey, /. v. Shitagau, fuku suru, nabiku,

mochiiru, kifuku suru.
Obfuscate, t. v. Mayowasu.
Obituary, n. Shinuru koto.
Object, n. Ate, me-ate, kokoro-zashi,

moku-teki.
Object, t. v. Kotowaru, ii-fusegu, nan

wo tsukeru, kobamu.
Objection, «. Nan, kotowari, betsugi.

Have yoti any — to my taking this

Pen ? kono fude wo totte mo ii-ka.
Oblation, n. Ku-motsu, sonaye-mono.
Obligation, n. Subeki koto, hadzu,

atari-maye. tozen no koto.
Oblige, t. v. Shiiru, seneba naranu. —

me, dozo, nani to zo, doka.
Obliged, a. Yamukoto wo yedzu, yon-

dokoro naku, yoginai, kanaradzu, zehi

naku. Am obliged to you, arigato, ka-

tajikeno.
Obliging, a. Nengoro na, shinsetsu na.
Oblique, a. Naname no, sujikai.
Obliterate, t. v. Kesu, mametsu, oto-

Wasureru koto, bokiyaku.
Nagate no kata.

Soshiri, hiho, zangen, ak-

Oblivion, n.

Oblong, a.

Obloquy, ■>
ko.

Obnoxious, a. Kakawaru, nikumareru.

Obscene, a. — story, iro-banashi — pic-
tures, makuraye.

Obscure, a. Akiraka naranu, fu-fummi-
yo, aimai, magirawashii, moro.

Obscure, t, v. Magirakasu, kuramasu.
Obsequies, n. Tomorai, sorei, soshiki.
Obsequious, n. Hetsurau, kobiru, omo-

neru, hige no chiri wo harau.
Observance, n. Shitagai, mamori, oko-

nai.
Orservation, n. Miru koto, okonai,

mamoru koto, me.
Observatory, n. Temmondai.
Observe, t. v. Miru. mi-tsukeru, iu, ha-

nasu, mamoru, shitagau, okonau.
Obsolete, a. Furuku narite ima wa

mochiirarenu.
Obstacle, n. Jama, sasawari, samatage,

kosho.
Obstinate, a. Ganko : wagamama, ki-

mama, henshu, kataij:, j’oppari, gojo wo

haru, jo wo haru.
Obstreperous, a. Sawagashii, yakama-

shii.
Obstruct, t. v. Jama wo suru, sasawaru,

samatageru, fusagu, fusagaru, koda-

waru, heisoku suru.
Obstructing, — the view, me-zawari.
Obstruction, n. Jama, sasawari, hase-

mono, kosho. — of boiuels, bempei.
Obtain, /. v. Yeru, uru, motomeru, to-

tonoyeru, uketoru.
Obtrude, t. v. Sashi-deru, deshabaru,

oshi-komu;
Obtrusion, n. Sashi-deru koto.
Obtund, t. v. Yavvarageru, nibuku suru.
Obtuse, a. Donna, nibui, namakura

na.
Obviate, t. v. Nozoku, saru.
Obviously, adv. Akiraka, fummiyo.
Occasion, n. Koto, ori, tsuide, yo, wake,

seki, yuye. No occasion, oyobanu.
Occasion, t. v. Contained in the caust.

form of the verb, saseru. — grief

kanashimaseru.
Occasionally, adv. Ori-fushi, ori-ori,

tabi-tabi, tama-tama, tama-ni.
Occidental, a. Nishi no, sai.
Occult, a. Kakuretaru, himitsu na.
Occupant, n. Sumai hito, oru-hito.

occ

121

ON

Occupation, n. Giyo, kagiyo, tosei, sho-

bai, nariwai, giyotei.
Occupy, /. v. Sumau, oru, toru, kama-

keru.
Occur, i. v. Au, aru, kakaru.
Occurrence, n. Koto, yoshi. Without

evil — , buji.
Ocean, n. Umi, kai, nada, oki.
O’clock, n. Toki, ji. Six — in the

mornings ake-mutsu. Twelve — , ko-

konotsu-doki, ju-ni ji.
Octagon, n. Hakkaku.
October, n. Hachi-guwatsu.
Oculist, n. Me-isha.
Odd, a. Medzurashii, mare na, han, ki.

— and even, ki-gu. — months, han

no tsuki.
Odds, n. Komi.
Ode, n. Shi, uta.
Odious, a. Nikui, kirawashii, niku-niku-

shii.
Odor, n. Nioi, ka, kaori.
Odoriferous, a. Kobashii.
(Esophagus, n. Ikuwan.
Of, prep. No. Of course, mochiron,

shizen. — late, chikagoro, kinrai. —

old, mukashi. — itself, hitori de, ono-

dzu to, onodzukara.
Off, adv. Off hand, dehodai, detarame.

Off-watch, hi-ban. Put — , nobasu.

Go — , saru. Get — , oriru. Take — ,

toru, mane wo suru. ‘ To look — , waki-

mi wo suru.
Offal, n. Gomi, akuta.
Offence, n. Tsumi, ochido, toga, okori.
Offend, t. v. Okasu, rippuku-saseru,

itameru, sorasu, hadzusu, kobara ga

tatsu, fureru, ki ni sakarau, ki ni sa-

waru.
Offensive, a. Iya-na, kirai-na, kimusai,

kiza na.
Offer, t. v. Ageru, dasu, kubutsu suru,

tamukeru, sasegeru, tatematsuru, ii-

ireru, yaru, sonayeru. I offered him a

hundred dollars, but he would not

take it, hiyaku doru yaro to iutemo

toranai. What offer do you make ?

ikura daso ka.
Offering, n. Kumotsu, tamuke, sonaye-

mono, hono. — to sfiirits, hiyogu.
Office, n. Tsutome, yaku’me, sewa,

yaku-sho, kuwan-shoku. Holding’ — ,

zai-kin, zai-yaku. In — , to-yaku. Out

of — , hi-yaku.
Officer, n. Yaku-nin, tori-shimari nin.
Official, a. Kuwan, yaku-hen, kuwan-

in, yaku-nin.
Officiate, /. v. Tsutomeru, okonau,

tori-atsukau.
Oeficious, a. Sewa wo yaku, sui-kiyo.
Offset, n. Ye da.

6

Offshoot, n. Yeda, bumpa, ha.

Offspring, n. Shison, ko.

Often, adv. Shiba-shiba, tabi-tabi,
maido, mai-mai, seki-seki.

Oh, inter;’. Aa, oya-oya, 6.

Oil, n. Abura.

Oil, i. v. Abura wo tsukeru.

Oil-cake, n. Abura-kasu.

Oil-can, n. Abura-tsugi.

Oil-jar, a. Abura-tsubo.

Oil-painting, n. Abura-ye.

Oil-paper, n. Abura-gami.

Oil-press, n. Abura-shime.

Oil-shop, n. Abura-ya.

Oil-tub, n. Abura-daru.

Oily, a. Aburake aru.

Ointment, n. Koyaku.

Old, a. Furui, ro, kiu, furuberu, kobiru.
How old ? toshi wa ikutsu. — times,
mukashi. — man, rojin, toshiyori.
— house, furui-iye, kiu-taku. – — horse,
ro-ba. — clothes, iurute, furugi, kibu-
rushi. — rags, furu-gire. — furni-
ture, furu-dogu. — rice, hine-gome.
— friend, kiu-iu. — ctistom, kiu-rei.
Of — , mukashi kara.

Old age, n. Oi, ro-nen, ro.

Older, a. — brother, ani. — sister,
ane.

Oldest, a. — son, chaku-shi, soriyo,
cho-nan. — daughter, ane-musume.

Old-fashioned, a. Ko-fu no, furukusai,
furumekashii.

Old Testament, n. Kiu-yaku.

Olive, n. Kanran.

Omen, n. Zempiyo, kizashi, sho, shirase,
dzui, saga, yengi. Good — , dzui-gen,
sho-dzui.

Omentum, n. Mo-maku.

Ominous, a. Fukitsu na.

Omission, n. Ochido, shi-ochi, ayamachi,
ochi, dame. — of a word, rakuji.

Omit, t. v. Riyaku suru, nuku, otosu,
ochiru, kaku. — to write, kaki-morasu,
kaki-otosu. — to say, ii-morasu, ii-oto-
su. — reading, yomi-otosu.

Omnibus, n. Shi-rin basha no na.

Omnipotent, a. Atawazaru koto nashi,
dekinu koto nashi.

Omnipresent, a. Arazaru tokoro nashi.

Omniscient, a. Shiranu koto nashi.

On, prep. Uye ni. — foot, kachi. —
the co?itrary, kayette, kekku. — duty,
to-ban. To play on a drum, taiko wo
utsu. To lie on a bed, ne-dai ni neru.
The child depends on its mother, ko-
domo ga haha ni tayoru. To rest on
the Sabbat. l{ day, ansoku-nichi ni yasu-
mu. Ha7’c mercy on me, watakushi wo
awaremi-tamaye. On a sudden, niwaka
ni, tachimachi ni. The house is on fire

ON

122

ORD

iye ga yakeru. On the way, tochiu ni.
On purpose, waza to. On the left, hi-
dari ni. On the right, migi ni. On
seeing it lie rejoiced, kore wo mite yo-
rokobu.

On, adv. To put on clothes, kimono wo
kiru. To go on, susumu.

Once, a. Ichi-do, aru-hi, katsute. At

— soku-ji, tachi-dokoro, sugu-ni, sok-
koku, sokkon.

One, a. Ichi, hitotsu. — day *e no yo, zen-se, shuku-sei.

— contract, sen-yaku.
Previously, adv. Itsuzoya, sendatte,

maye-ni, maye-kata, mayemotte, kane-

te, sakidatte, saki-hodo, sen-koku, ka-

tsute.
Prey, a. Bundori.
Prey, t. v. Toru, ubau, ubai-toru.
Price, n. Nedan, ne, atai, dai, chin, shi-

ru, daikin.
Price-current, n. Sobadzuke. Tea — ,

chanofu.
Priceless, a. Atai-naki, kane de kawa-

renu.
Prick, t. v. Sasu, tsuku. — up the ears,

mimi wo sobadatsu.
Pricking, n. Chiku-chiku suru.
Prickly-heat, n. Asebo.
Prickly-pear, n. Saboten.
Pride, n. Koman, jiman, takaburi, ho-

kori, ofu, ohei, man-ki, man-shin.
Priest, n. Bodzu, osho, juji, so, hoshi.

SJiintoo — , kannushi.
Primarily, adv. Madzu, mo to, hajimete,

saisho.
Primary, a. Moto-no. — importance,

dai ichi, sen-ichi, sakidatsu.
Prime, a. Moto-no, ic’hi-ban no, dai-

ichi no. — object, shu, shui. — quality,

jo-hin. — cost, moto ne.
Prime, t. v. Shita-nuri wo suru:
Priming, n. Kuchi-gusuri.
Primitive, a. Moto-no. — times, ini-

shiye, mukashi.

Primogeniture, a. Chaku-son.
Prince, n. Tai-shi, miya, seishi.
Princess, n. Hime, naishin-no, hime-

miya, hime-gimi.
Principal, a. Taisetsu na, kan^^o naru,

omoi, kuwantaru.
Principal, n. Cho, kashira, motode, mo-

tokin, sen, sen-ichi. — and interest,

guwan-ri. — thing, dai-ichi, kanyo, yo,

kan-jin.
Principality, n. Riyobun, riyo.
Principally, adv. Moppara, dai-ichi,

omo ni.
Principle, n. Ri, dori, kotowari, michi,

moto, kizashi, ri-ai.
Print, t. v. Han ni okosu, suru, joboku

suru. — ed book, hampon. Out of —

zeppan.
Print, n. Ato, kata, ji.
Printer, n. Hansuri.
Printing-office, ?i. Kuwappan-jo.
Printing-press, n. Hansuri-dai.
Prior, a. Saki no, maye-no.
Priority, n. According to — , senguri

ni.
Prison, n. Roya, hito-ya.
Prisoner, n. Zainin, meshiudo, tsumi-

bito, toriko.
Privacy, n. Inkiyo, himitsu.
Private, a. Jibun no, jishin no, wata-

kushi no, naisho no, naibun no, hisoka

naru. — business, shi-yo. — opinion,

nai-i.
Privately, adv. Hisoka-ni, nai-nai, nai-
sho ni, aitai-ni, om-bin.
Privation, n. Naki-koto, arazaru koto.
Privilege, n. Ki suru koto, mochimaye,

sujime.
Privy, a. Hi-mitsu no, hisoka naru.
Privy, n. Chodzuba, setsuin, koka, ka-

waya.
Prize, ??. Bundori, hobi.
Prize, t. v. Tattomu, omondzuru, oshi-

mu. _

Probably, adv. Okata, tabun, osoraku-

ba. Also formed by the sziffixes, ra-

shii, so, a?id ro, dearo.
Probation, n. Kokoromi, tameshi.
Probe, n. Saguri.
Probe, t. v. Saguru, gimmi suru.
Probity, n. Tadashisa, meihaku, shin-

jitsu.
Problematical, a. Obotsukanai, utaga-

washii, tashikanaranu.
Proboscis, n. Hana.
Proceed, t. v. Susumu, deru, saki ni yu-

ku.
Proceeding, n. Koto, shiwa/a, shikata.
Proceeds, n. Taka. agari, dai, moke, ri.
Procession, n. Retsu, giyoretsu.
Proclaim, /. v. Hirogeru, hiromeru, fu-

PRO

138

PRO

rem, fure-chirasu, shiraseru, tsudatsu
wo sum.

Proclamation, n. Ofure, go-jo-moku,
fukoku.

Proclivity, n. Kuse.

Procrastinate, /. v. Injun suru, yennin
sum, noberu, shi-nokosu.

Procrastination, n. Injun, yennin, ima
subeki koto wo go nichi ni nobasu ko-
to.

Procreation, n. Umu koto.

Prodigal, a. Tsuiyasu, oshige-naki,
oshimadzu ni tsukau, mudadzukai, ozap-
pai.

Prodigal, n. Sanzaika.

Prodigious, n. Okii, bakutai, kuwodai.

Prodigy, n. Hen-na koto, ayashii koto,
miyo-na koto, ki-naru-koto, kikuwai na
koto, heni, jimben.

Produce, /. v. Dasu, hiki-dasu, miseru,
shddzuru, musubu, naru, tsukuru, ko-
shirayeru, saku, dekiru, tateru.

Produce, n. Saku, tsukuri, deki, saku-
motsu, sambutsu.

Product, n. Deki,. saku, sambutsu.

Production, n. Saku-motsu, sambutsu,
tsukuri-mono.

Profanation, n. Kami to kami no mono
goto nado wo kegasu koto, mottai-naki
koto.

Profane, a. Mottainai, kegaretaru, sei
naranu.

Profane, t. v. Kami to kami no mono
goto nado wo kegasu. To — the Sab-
bath, ansoku-nichi wo kegasu.

Profess, /. v. Omote-muki ni mosu, iu,
ii-tsutayem.

Profession, n. Giyo-tei, shu-shi.

Professor, n. Hakase.

Proffer, t. v. Atayeru, yaru.

Proficient, n. Jodzu, yete, tokui, sho-
tatsu.

Proficient, a. Tasshitaru, shotatsu na.

Profile, n. Hammen no yedzu.

Profit, n. Ri, riyeki, bu-ai, yeki, hai,
ri-bun, tokusei, moke, toku, bugin, ta-
me. — and loss, ri-gai, son-toku, toku-
shitsu.

Profit, t. v. Tame ni naru, yo ni tatsu,
yaku ni tatsu.

Profitable, a. Toku-yo na, rikata ni
naru, ri no aru, kai no aru, tame ni na-
ru, toku ni naru, yo ni tatsu.

Profligate, a % Doraku, hoto, ho-ratsu-
na.

Profound, a. Fukai, omoi, tasshitaru.

Profuse, a. Tsuiyasu, sanzai suru, tap-
puri, ikai, yokei na.

Progenitor, n. Senzo, koso, shiso, gan-
so.

Progeny, n. Shison.

Prognosis, n. Yogo.

Prognostic, n. Shirase, zempiyo, sho.

Prognosticate, /. v. Mi-t6su, mi-nuku,

mi-sadameru, mayemotte iu.
Programme, n. Ban-t^uke.
Progress, i. v. Susumu, te ga again,

shimpo suru, sei-suru shdtatsu suru.
Progress, ?i. Susumi, te-agari, shimpo,

shotatsu.
Prohibit, /. v. Kobamu, fusegu, kindzu-

ru, kotowaru, seikin suru, sasayeru, sei

suru, choji suru.
Prohibition, n. Hatto, go hatto, kinzei.
Project, n. Kufu, saku, tedate, hakari-

goto.
Project,/.^. Kufii suru, hakaru. (t.v.)

deru. Projecting teeth, deba, soppa*

— eyebroios, de-bitai. — eyes, de-ma.

— navel, be-beso.
Prolai-sl s-ani, n. Dakko.

PROLIFIC, a. Vutakanaru, yoku dekiru,

yoku sliodzuru.
Prolix, a. _ Nagai, nagatarashii, shitsu-

koi, kudoi, kuda-kudashii, kojirettai.
Prolong, t. v. Nagaku suru, nobasu, no-

biru, ato wo liiku.’
Prolongation, n. Nobasu koto.
Prominent, a. Hiidetaru, takai, meda-

tsu. — eyes, de-me. — eyebrows, de-
bitai.
Promiscuous, a. Midaretaru, konzatsu

shita.
Promiscuously, adv. Konzatsu shite, mi-

darete, mazete.
Promise, n. Yakusoku, yaku-jo, ukeai,

katame. A Person 0/ great — , tano-

moshiki hito.
Promise, t. v. Yakusoku suru, ukeau.
Promontory, n. Hana.
Promote, t. v. Susumeru, sho-tatsu sa-

seru, shussei suru, ageru, hiromeru.
Promotion, n. Shussei, shoshin.
Prompt, t. v. Jogon suru, odateru, sase-

ru, hagemasu.
Prompt, a. Hayai, sumiyaka na, toi,

shin-sotsu, sakui.
Promptly, adv. Hayaku, toku, sugu-ni.
Promulgate, t. v. Hiromeru, fureru,

fukoku suru.
Prone, a. Utsubushi, katamuku, suki-

na. Lay the hand — , te wo fuseru.
Prong, n. Mata.
Pronoun, n. Dai-mei-shi.
Pronounce, t. v. Iu, hanasu.
Pronunciation, n. Ii-kata, ii-yo, roretsu.
Proof, n. Shoko, kokoromi, akashi.

Fire — , higotaye no yoi. Bullet — ,

tama-gotaye.
Prop, n. Shimbari, tsuka, tsuppari, tsuk-

kaibo.
Prop, t. v. Kau, shimbari wo kau.

PRO

139

PRY

Propagate, t. v. Tsutayeru, hiromeru,

shodzuru.
Propagation, n. Shodzuru koto, hiro-

geru koto.
Propel, t. v. Osu.

Propeller, n. Uchi-guruma no jokisen.
Propensity, n. Kuse.
Proper, a. Mochimaye no, kanau, tada-

shii, niau, soto, tozen, beki.
Properly, adv. Tadashiku, hon-ni.
Property, n. Shinsho, shindai, kazo,

mochimono, shoji, shozo, kazai. —

holder, shutai.
Prophecy, n. Zengen, yogen.
Prophesy, /. v. Mayemotte iu, araka-

jime iu, yogen suru.
Prophet, n. Yogen-sha.
Propitiate, t. v. Nagusameru, nada-

meru, kigen wo toru.
Propitiation, n. Nagusameru koto,

aganai, tsugunai.
Propitious, t. v. Jun, wa-jun ni nam.
Proportion, n. Hodo, wari-ai, bun,

kakko. Out of — , awanu, tsuri-awanu.
Proportion, t. v. Tsuri-au, tekito suru,

hodo-yoku suru.
Proportionally, adv. Wariai ni wa,

tsuriai ni wa.
Proportionate, a. Teki-to, sd-6, soto,

kanau.
Proportionately, adv. Wari-ai ni wa.
Proposal, n. Ii-kakeru koto.
Propose, t. v. Ii-dasu, ii-kakeru, ii-ireru,

ii-tateru.
Proposition, n. Ii-kakeru koto, ii-kake.
Propound, t. v. Ii-kakeru, ii-dasu.
Proprietor, n. Nushi, mochi-nushi.

— of land, ji-nushi.
Propriety, n. Tadashiki, reigi.
Prorogue, t. v. Nobasu, yen-nin suru.
Proscribe, t. v. Kindzuru, kinshi suru.
Prose, n. Bun.
Prosecute, t. v. Shochi suru, tori-atsu-

kau, uttayeru.
Prosecution, n. Shochi, tori-atsukai,

uttaye, kuji wo tori-atsukau koto.
Proselyte, n. Kai-shu-nin, shitago hi-

to.
Prospect, n. Keshiki, fukei, chobo, mi-

watashi, nagame, mi-haraahi, nozomi.
Prosper, t. v. Sakayeru, hanjo suru.
Prosperity, n. Hanjo, sakaye, hankuwa,

saiwai.
Prosperous, a. Sakan-naru, hanjo naru,

hankuwa na, sai-wai na, shiawase na.
Prostitute, t. v. Mi wo uru koto, joro

ni naru koto.
Prostitute, n. Joro, yujo, asobi-onna,

baita. — quarters^ kuruwa, yuri.
Prostitution, n. Mi wo uru koto, joro

ni naru koto.

Prostrate, t. v. Taosu, fuseru, hire-

fusu, heifuku suru.
Prostration, n. Taosu koto, hire-fusu

koto. — of spirits, ki no fusagu koto.
Prosy, a. Kuchitaki, netsui, kojirettai.
Protect, t. v. Mamoru, shugo suru,

kago suru, kabau, yokeru.
Protection, n. Mamori, shugo, okage,

yoke.
Protest, t. v. Kitto iu, kesshite iu, ka-

taku iu. — against, shika-to sakarote

iu.
Protest, n. Sakarote iu koto, isame,

kempaku.
Protestant, n. Iesu wo shinjite tenshu-

kiyo ni shitagawazaru mono, Iesu-kiyo.
Protract, t. v. Nagaku suru, nobasu,

himadoru, temadoru.
Protrude, t. v. Deru, dasu.
Protuberance, n. Kobu.
Proud, a. Hokoru, takaburu, ohei naru,

jiman naru, koman naru, ofu-naru.
Prove, t. v. Tamesu, kokoro-miru, shoko

wo tateru, keiken suru, sadameru.
Proverb, n. Kotowaza.
Provide, /. v. Shitaku suru, yoi suru,

te-ate wo suru, sonayeru, ategau. —

food, makanau.
Providence, n. Yoi, yojin, temmei, kago.
Provident, a. Yojin no yoi, tsutsushi-

mu.
Providential, a. Temmei no.
Province, n. Kuni, koku.
Provincialism, n. Namari, katakoto,

kiyodan.
Provision, /. v. Makanau, shokuriyo

wo atayeru.
Provision, n. Yoi, shitaku, te-ate, tabe-

mono, shokuriyo, sonaye. Army — ,

hiyoro.
Provisional, a. Kari no, to-ji.
Provocation, n. Ikaru wake, ikaraseru

koto.
Provoke, t. v. Ikaraseru, rippuku sase-

ru, hara wo tataseru, naburu, jirasu, ki

wo momu, okoru, aragau.
Provoking, a. Sirettai, ikaraseru.
Prow, n. Mioshi, hesaki.
Prowl, /. v. Shinobi aruku, nerai-aruku,

hai-kuwai suru.
Proxy, n. Kawari, dai, miyodai.
Prudence, n. Yojin, tsutsushimi, tashi-

nami.
Prudent, a. Tsutsushimu, yojin bukai,

tashinamu.
Prudently, adv. Tsutsushinde, yojin

shite.
Prume, t. v. Kari-komu, yeda wo su-

kasu.
Prussian-blue, n. Konjo.
Pry, /. v. Ukagau, nerau, kojiru. —

PSA

140

PUS

up, koji-ageru. — open, koji-akeru.
— apart, koji-hanasu.

Psalm, n. Wa-san, shomiyo.
Puberty, n. Hito to naru toki, otona,
iroke-dzuku.

Public, a. Oyake no, bahareru. — busi-
ness, go-yo. — and private, ko-shi.
— service, ko-mu. In — , omotemuki
ni.

Publication, n. Shuppan, fukoku.

Public-house, n. Yadoya, hatagoya.

Publicly, adv. Omote-muki ni, oyake
ni, kozen-to, arawa-ni.

Publicity, n. Guwai-bun, ta-mon.

Publish, /. v. Hiromeru, fureru, ara-
wasu, fukoku suru, tsudatsu suru, shup-
pan suru, amu, fure-shirasu.

Pucker, t. v. Subomeru, hisomeru.

Pudding, n. Shokumotsu no na.

Puddle, n. Nukarumi, midzu-damari.

Puerile, a. Kodomorashii, osanage na.

Puff, /. v. Hito-iki wo fuku. — up,
homeru. Puffed up, fukureru, jiman
suru.

Puff-ball, n. Me-tsubure-dake.

Pugnacious, a. Ken-kuwa-dzuki.

Puke, t. v. Haku, modosu, to suru.

Pull, t. v. Hiku, toru, mushiru, mogu,
tsumu, sobiku. — in two, saku. —
apart, hiki-hanasu, hiki-wakeru. — up,
hiki-ageru, hiki-okosu, hiki-tateru, nu-
ku. — out, hiki-dasu, nuku, hiki-ha-
dzusu. — off, hiki-hagu. — open, hiki-
hatakeru. — over, hiki-taosu. —
across, hiki-watasu. — in, hiki-ireru,
hiki-komu. — back, hiki-kayesu, hiki-
modosu. — around, hiki-mawasu.
— opposite, hiki-mukeru. — down,
hiki-orosu, hiki-otosu. — near, hiki-
yoseru, hiki-tsureru. — along, hiki-
tsureru.

Pull, n. Hiki.

Pulley, n. Rokuro, sebi.

Pulpit, n. Koza.

Pulsate, i. v. Utsu, ugoku, odoru, kudo
suru.

Pulsation, n. Kudo, hibiki.

Pulse, n. Miyaku.

Pulverize, t. v. Ko ni suru, saimatsu ni
suru, suri-tsubusu.

Pu.melo, n. Zabon.

Pumice-stone, n. Karu-ishi.

Pump, n. Pompu, riu-tosui.

Pumpkin, n. Kabocha, bobura.

Pun, n. Share, jiguchi.

Punch, n. Uchigiri.

Punch, t. v. Buchi-komu, tsuku, utsu.

Puntilious, a. Kata-sugiru, reigi sugiru,
katakurushii.

Punctual, a. Katai, toki wo hadzusanu,
kichomen.

Punctuality, n. Kokugen wo tagaye-

zaru koto.
Punctually, adv. Soi naku, tashik.i ni,

machigawadzu.
Punctuation, n. Kuto.
Punctuate, /. v. Ku wo kiru, ten wo
tsukeru, kin wo tsukeru, kuto wo tsu-
keru.

Puncture, n. Ana.

Puncture, t. v. Tsuki-tosu, sasu.

Pungent, a. Karai.

Punish, /. v. Tsumi suru, korasu, ima-
shimeru, kei-batsu suru, bassuru, shioki
wo suru, sekkan suru, chiu-batsu suru.

Punishment, n. Shioki, kei-batsu, ima-
shime, korashi, bachi, batsu. Capital
— , dan-zai. — by hard labor, bakkin.

Pup, n. Ko-inu^ inukoro.

Pupil, n. Deshi, monjin, shosei. — 0/
the eye, hitomi, doji.

Puppet, n. Ningiyo. — show, kairai,
kugudzu.

Purchase, t. v. Kau, motomeru.

Purchase, n. Kau koto.

Purchaser, n. Kai-te.

Pure, a. Sumi-kitta, sunda, kirei-na v
kiyoki, shojo-na, muku, seichoku na,
isagiyoi, kiyoraka na, sei-ketsu-na. —
heart, tanshin, sekishin. — and im-
pure, sei-daku. — stream, sei-riu.
— water, sei-sui.

Purgative, n. Gezai, kudashi-gusuri.

Purge, t. v. Kudasu, sha suru.

Purify, t. v. Sumasu, kiyomeru, kirei
ni suru.

Purification, n. Kiyomeru koto.

Purity, n. Kiyoki koto.

Purloin, t. v. Nusumu, kasumeru.

Purple, a, Murasaki.

Purport, n, Omomuki, wake, imi, shui.

Purpose, n. Kokorozashi, kokoro, wake,
yuye, shisai, tsumori, riyoken. On — ,
waza-to, koto-sara-ni. To no — , muda-
ni, munashiku, itadzura-ni. To answer
the — , kototaru, ma-ni-awaseru.

Purpose, t. v. Omo, kokorozasu, sada-
maru.

Purposely, adv. Waza-to, koto-sara-ni.

Purse, n. Kinchaku, kane-ire.

Purser, n. Kanjo-kata.

Pursuant, a. Shitagatte, tsuite, yotte-

Pursue, t. v. Ou, okkakeru, tsuku, karu,
yuku.

Pursuer, n. Otte.

Pursuit, n. Oi, tosei, kagiyo, shobai.

Purulent, a. Unda, umi wo motsu.

Purvey, t. v. Makanau.

Purveyor, n. Makanai-kata.

Pus, n. Umi, no.

Push, t. v. Osu, tsuku. — against, oshi-
tsukeru, oshi-ateru. — across, oshi-

PUS

141

QUA

watasu. — up, oshi-ageru, oshi-tateru.
■ — over, oshi-taosu, oshi-watasu, oshi-
kosu. — out, oshi-dasu. — in y oshi-
komu, oshi-ireru. — down, oshi-fuse-
ru, oshi-taosu, oshi-otosu, oshi-sageru.

— ?iear, oshi-yoseru. — apart, oshi-
hedateru, oshi-wakeru. — open, oshi-
akeru, oshi-hiraku. — back, oshi-ka-
yesu. — aside, oshi-nokeru. — through,
oshi-tosu.

Pusillanimous, a. Kechi na, ki no se-
mai, shoriyo na, shdtan, ikujinai.

Pustule, n. Dekimono.

Put, /. v. Oku, suyeru, ateru, noseru,
tsukeru, kakeru. — abozct ship, fune
vvq mawasu. — away, shimau, kata-
dzukeru, osameru. — away a wife,
ribetsu suru, riyen suru. — down, oku,
osameru, shidzumeru, osayeru. — forth,
dasu, nobasu, noberu, kizasu, kakeru.

— into, ireru, hairu, hameru, komeru.

— hi 7iiind, ki wo tsukete yaru, shira-
seru. — in practice, okonau, shitagau.

— ojf, nugu, nobasu. — on, kiru, ha-
ku, oku, noseru, owaseru, kiseru, kake-
ru, hameru. — out^ kesu, kasu, kizasu,
dasu, nobasu, shijukiru. — to, awase-
ru, kuwayeru, soyeru, kakeru. — to
death, korosu. — trust in, shinko su-
ru, tanomu, makaseru. — together,
atsumeru, awaseru, soyeru. — up, ta-
teru, tsutsumu, tsumu, takuwayeru, shi-
matte oku. — up with, kannin suru,
itowadzu, kamawanu, shimbo suru. —
io sea, shuppan suru. — up to,^ odate-
ru, susumeru, keshi-kakeru, — in fear ;

odosu, obiyakasu. — aside, or out of
the way, dokeru, nokeru. — on the
fire, taku, kuberu. — over, kabuseru,
ou. — into tvater, midzu ni hitasu. —
up a curtain, noren wo haru, or sage-
ru or kakeru. — up a mosquito 71 et,
kaya wo kakeru, or haru, or tsuru. To
— up a house, iye wo tateru. To —
money out at interest, ri-gane wo kasu
To — to the trial, yatte miru, kokoro ,
miru, tameshite miru. — to shame
hadzukashimeru. — to the blush, se-
kimen saseru. — a stop to, yame-sa-
seru, tomeru, kindzuru. To — to si-
lence, hei-ko saseru. — out to service,
hoko saseru. — a question, tadzuneru,
tou. — back, samatageru, kayesu, mo-
dosu, (z. v.) kayeru, modoru. — by,
nokeru, shimau. — forward, susume-
ru. — on a hat, kaburi-mono wo ka-
buru. — out of joint, hone wo chiga-
yeru. — out of countenatice, membo-
ku wo ushinawaseru. To — to it, ko-
maraseru. To be — to it, komaru. —
to the sword, kiri-korosu.

Putchuck, n. Mokko.

Putrefaction, 72. Kusarukoto.

Putrefy, t. v. Kusaru, fuhai suru.

Putrid, a. Kusai.

Puzzle, t. v. Mayowasu, komaraseru.

Puzzled, a. Mayo, toho ni kureru.

Pylorus, ?z. I no geko.

Pyramidal, a. Sugi-nari.

Pyrosis, ?i. Riu-in, sampaiyeki, mushi-
dzu.

Q

Quack, a. — medicine, bai-yaku.
Quack, n. Yabu-isha, yoi, yashi, nama-

jiri.
Quadrangle, n. Shi-kaku.
Quadrant, n. Shogengi.
Quadruped, n. Yotsu-ashi, shi-soku.
Quadruple, a. Shi-sobai.
Quagmire, «. Numa, doro.
Quail, n. Shako.
Quail, i. v. Shioreru, ki ga fusagu.
Quaint, a. Medzurashii, furui.
Quake, /. v. Furu, wananaku, ononoku.
Qualification, n. Kiriyo ga kanau, te-

kito.
Qualified, d. Taru, kanau, tekito.
Qualify, t. v. Tekito saseru, kanavvase-

ru.

Quality, n. Tachi, sho, shitsu, gara,
hin, kurai, hodo, shina, kuchi. — of

medicines, kono. Superior , jo-hin,

gokujo. Middling — , chiu-hin. In-
ferior — , ge-hin. — of man, hito-ga-
ra, jim-pin. People of — , reki-reki,
kuwa-zoku.

Qualm,;/. Mukayeki. — of conscience,
ushirogurai, kuyamu.

Quandary, n. Toho ni kureru koto, ta-
merai, yiiyo, magotsuki, hedo-modo.

Quantity, 71. Hodo. dake, bunriyd.

Quantum suff. Taru hodo.

QUARREL, n. Kcnkuwa, koron, isakai,
arasoi, naka ga warui, mon-chaku. mo-
me. To pick a — , kenkuwa wo shika-
keru.

QUA

142

RAT

Quarrel, i. v. Kenkuwa sum, so-ron

suru, koron suru, arasou, naka ga waru-

ku nans.
Quarrelsome, a. Kenkuwa-dzuki na.
Quarry, t. v. Hori-dasu, kiri-dasu.
Quarry, n. Ishi wo hori-dasu tokoro.
Quart, a.= about, shi-go rok’ shaku.
Quarter, n. Shi-bu-ichi, konaka.
Quarter, t. v. Yotsu ni wakeru.
Quarterly, adv. San ka getsu me ni.
Quartz, n. Suisho.
Quash, t. v. Osayeru, shidzumeru.
Quay, n. Hatoba, age-ba. _
Queen, n. Kisaki, niyo-tei.
Queer, a. Ayashii, okashii, otsuna.
Quell, t. v. Shidzumeru, osameru, tai-

rageru, heiji suru.
Quench, t. v. Kesu, shimeru.
Querulous, a. Fusoku wo iu, fu-man

wo iu, tsubuyaku.
Query, i. v. To, tadzuneru.
Quest, n. Tadzune, tansaku, negai.
Question, n. Toi, tadzune, ron, rongi,

rondan. Beyond all — , mochiron,

mottomo. — and ansiver, mon-do.

To propose difficult — , nam-mon suru,

shimon suru. To call in — , utagai wo

kakeru.
Question, t. v. Tadzuneru, to, gimmi

suru.
Questionable, a. Obotsukanai, ibuka-

shii.
Quibble, i. v. Rikutsu wo iu.
Quibble, n. Ri-kutsu.
Quibbler, n. Rikutsu-sha.
Quick, a. Hayai, sassoku na, sumiyaka

na, kiu na, jiki, toi, soso, isogu.
Quick, n. To pierce to the — , mi ni

tessuru, mi ni shimiru.

Quicken, t. v. Hayameru, seku, is»oga-

seru.
Quickly, adv. Hayaku, sassoku, kiu-ni,

jiki-ni, isoide, toku, kiusoku.
Quickness, n. Hayasa.
Quick-sighted, a. Mebayai.
Quicksilver, n. Midzukane, suigin.
Quiet, a. Shidzuka na, odayaka na,

tairaka naru, ochi-tsuku, hei-an na-

ru.
Quiet, /. v. Shidzumeru, osameru, heiji

suru, ochi-tsukeru.
Quietly, ad7>. Shidzuka ni, odayaka

ni, ochi-tsuite, sotto, soro-soro-to, yu-

yu.
Quietness, n. Anki, an-non, an-raku,

hei-an.
Quill, n. Hane, fude.
Quill, /. v. Hida wo toru.
Quilt, n. Futon.
Quilt, t. v. Tojiru, nu.
Quince, «. Karin.
Quinine, n. Kinayen, kiniin.
Quintessence, n. (ioku-i, shu-i, ogi.
Quire, n. Kami niju-shi mai.
Quit, t. v. Yameru, yosu, sutcru, sutete-

oku, utcharu, saru, hanareru.
Quite, adv. Mattaku, sappari-to, sara-

ni.
Quiver, n. Yebira, yanagui, utsubo, yu-

gi, yadzusu.
Quiver, i. v. Furu, wanaku, ononoku,

senritsu suru.
Quiz, /. v. Choro suru, guro suru, nabu-

ru.
Quotation, n. Hiki-koto, soba.
Quote, t. v. Hiku, soba wo tsukeru
Quotidian-ague, n. Hi okori.

R

Rabbit, n. Usagi.
Rabble, n. Shita-jita, shimo-jimo.
Rabid, a. Kurui. — dog^ yamai-inu.
Race, n. Chisuji, kazoku, shison, hashi-

ri-kurabe. Horse — , kei-ba. Boat — ,

kei-shu. — course, baba.
Race, i. v. Hashiru, kakeru. (t. v.)

Hashiraseru.
Rack, n. Clothes — , iko. Pen — , hikka.

Sword — , katana-kake.
Rack, t. v. Semeru, kurushimeru.
Racket, n. Sawagi.
Racy, a. Kobashii.
Radiance, n. Koki, kagayaki.

Radiate, /. v. Deru, hassuru, hanatsu. *
Radical,^. Ne, hon, moto, guwan. —

of a Chinese character, bu.
Radically, adv. Mattaku.
Radish, n. Daikon.
Raft, n. Ikada.
Rafter, n. Taruki.
Rag, n. Boro, tsudzure. Old — , furu-

gire.
Rage, i. v. Ikaru, areru.
Rage, n. Ikari, kurui, ikidori, rippuku.
Ragged, n. Yaburetaru, hotsureru.
Raging, a. Kuril, hageshii, takeshii.
Rail, n. Tesuri, rankan.

RAI

143

RAV

Rail, t. v. Nonoshiru, noru.

Raillery, n. Jodan.

Railroad, n. Tetsudo.

Raiment, n. Ifuku, kimono.

Rain, n. Ame. Long — , furi-tsudzuki.
Prayer for — , ama-goi. — drops ;
amadare. — hat, amagasa. Heavy — ,
6-arae, 6-buri. To — , ame ga furu, fu-
ru. Having the appearance of — ,
amakedzuku, amefuriso. Detained in
the house by rain, furi-komerareru.
To — several days, furi-tsudzuku.

Rainbow, n. Niji, kogei.

Rain-coat, n. Kappa, ama-gappa.

Rain-door, n. Amado, amashoji.

Rain-screen, n. Ama-yoke.

Rain-tub, n. Midzutame, tensui-oke.

Rain-water, n. Ama-midzu, tensui.

Rainy, a. Uten, amefuri, buri-gachi na.
— season, niu-bai. — night, ama-yo.

Raise, t. v. Ageru, tateru, agameru,
odateru, kakageru. — from sleep, sa-
mesu, okiru. — a family, sodateru,
buiku sum. — from death, ikasu, yo-
mi-gayeru. — money, kane wo koshi-
rayeru. — horses, uma wo kau, or, uma
wo koshirayeru. — wheat, mugi wo
tsukuru. — a sedition, muhon wo
okosu. — the price, nedan wo ageru,
or, nedan wo takaku suru. — bread,
pan wo fukurakasu. — a siege, kako-
mi wo toku. — a zvall, ishi-gaki wo
kidzuku.

Raisin, n. Hoshi-budo.

Rake, n. Kumade, doraku mono.

Rake, t. v. Kaku. — together, kaki-
atsumeru. — and level, kaki-narasu.

Rally, t. v. Hiki-kayesu, matomeru,
atsumeru.

Ram, n. O-hitsuji.

Ram, t. v. Tsuki-komu, buchi-komu.

Ramble, i. v. Aruki-mawaru, bura-bu-
ra aruku, shoyo suru, haikuwai suru.

Ramify, t. v. Yeda wo dasu.

Ramrod, n. Hisao, karuka.

Rancid, a. KusaL

Rancor, n. Urami, nikumi, ikon, ishu.

Random, a. — shot, magure-atari, na-
gare-ya. Shoot at — , mekura-uchi.
Talk at — , dehodai, detarame.

Range, t. v. Naraberu, sonayeru. (z v.)
aruki-mawaru.

Range, n. Narabi, kurai, dan. Kitchen
— , kamado. — of an arrow, yagoro,
ya-omote.

Rank, n. Narabij retsu, sonaye, kurai,
kaku, kakushiki, i, ikai, bungen, mi-
bun, rui, daigo.

Rank, a. Shigeru, habikoru, kurai, aku-
doi, shitsukoi.

Rank, i. v. Narabu, rui suru.

Rank, t. v. Naraberu, sonayeru, tsu-

raneru.
Ransack, t. v. Hobo sagasu, tansaku

suru.
Ransom, n. Aganai-kin, mi-uke-kin,

aganai, tsugunai.
Ransom, t. v. Aganau, mi-uke suru.
Rant, z. v. Koye wo takaku iu, kowa-

daka ni iu.
Rap, t. v. Tataku, b.utsu, utsu.
Rapacious, a. Takeki, muri-mutai-na,

tori-akinu.
Rape, n. Go-in.
Rape, n. Kabura-na.
Rapeseed, n. Natane.
Raphe, n. — of the nose, hana no mi-

zo.
Rapid, a. Hayai, kiu-na.
Rapidity, n. Hayasa.
Rapidly, adv. Hayaku, isoide, kiu-ni.
Rapids, n. Se, kiu-riu, hayase.
Rapine, n. Ubai-tori.
Rare, a. Medzurashii, mare-na, suku-

nai. . — thing, chim-butsu. — beef,

nama-yake no niku.
Rarefy, t. v. Usuku suru, karuku su-
ru.
Rarely, adv. Mare ni, tama ni, tama-

tama, tamasaka, mare-mare, metta-ni.
Rarity, n. Medzurashisa, mare-naru

koto, chim-butsu, ususa, karusa.
Rascal, n. Kiyatsu, yatsu, aitsu.
Rash, n. Mukomidzu, ki wo tsukenu,

muteppo.
Rasp, n. Yasuri.
Rasp, t. v. Kedzuru, orosu.
Raspberry, ?z. Ichigo.
Rat, n. Nedzumi.
Ratan, n. To. ^
Rate, n. Kurai, hodo, dake, ne, nedan.

— of interest, wari-ai. Market — ,

soba. At any — , do demo.
Rate, t. v. Shikaru, togameru, hakaru,

tsumoru, kurai wo tsukeru, shina wo

tsukeru.
Rather, adv. Kayete, mushiro, naka-

naka, nama-naka. — think that, ya-

waka, yomoya. — better, yaya yoro-

shii.
Ratify, t. v. Musubu, sadameru.
Ratio, n. Hodo, kurai.
Ration, n. Fuchi, mosso.
Rational, a. Dori ni kanau, dori wo

wakimayeru. To become — , sho-ki ni

naru.
Rationale, n. Ii-ware, dori.
Rationalist, n. Ri-gakusha.
Ratsbane, n. Nedzumi-koroshi.
Rattle, z*. 7/. Gara-gara naru, gata-gata

suru.
Ravage, t. v. Arasu, abareru.

RAV

144

REC

Ravaged, a. Areru.

Rave, i. v. Kuru, uwa-koto wo iu, sen-
go wo iu.

Ravel, t. v. Toku, tokeru.

Raven, n. Karasu.

Ravenous, n. Gatsu-gatsu suru.

Ravine, n. Kai, tani.

Ravish, t. v. Ubai-toru, go-in suru.

Raw, a, Nama, arai. — hide, aragawa.

Ray, n, — of sun, kuwo-sen.

Raze, t. v. Horobosu, uchi-kudzusu.

Razor, n. Kami-sori,

Razor-strop, n. Togi-kavva.

Reach, t. v. Todokeru, todoku, oyobu,
itaru, ataru.

Reach, n. Atari, te-moto, te-jika, te-
atari.

Re-act, /. v. Kotayeru, hibiku.

Re-action, n. Hadzumi, hibiki.

Read, t. v. Yomu, doku-sho suru. —
through, yomi-tosu, yonde shimau, yo-
mi-ageru. About to — , yomi-kakeru.
Wish to — , yomi-tai. Do not wish to
— , yomi-taku nai. Hard to -*•, yomi-
gatai, yomi-nikui. To mistake in
reading, yomi-ayamaru, yomi-soko-
nau. To pretend to — , yomi-nasu. To
read over again, kuri-kayeshite yomu,
sarayeru. Can — , yomeru.

Readily, adv. Hayaku, yasuku, sugu-
ni, sumiyaka-ni, yoku, kokoro-yoku.

Readiness, n. Hayasa, yasusa, shitaku,
kakugo.

Re- adjust, /. v. Mata sonayeru, futa-
tabi tsukurau.

Re-admit, /. v. Mata h-aseru.

Ready, a. Shitaku ga aru, yoi ga aru,
kakugo aru, sonaye ga aru, kokoro-
yoku, sasoku. To make — , shitaku
suru, yoi suru, kakugo suru, sonayeru.

— money, genkin, sokkin. — to perish,
shi ni kakaru. — way, chikai-michi.

— at hand, temoto, tejika. — made,
deki-ai, ari-ai.

Real, a. Jitsu na, hon no, makoto no,

honto na.
Reality, tz._ Ji-jitsu, jitsu. In — , hon

ni, jitsu ni, makoto ni, ge-ni.
Realize, t. v. Jitsu to omo, honto to

omo, makoto to suru, omoi-yaru. Do

not — , jitsu to senu, makoto to omo-

wanu.
Really, adv. Jitsu ni, hon ni, makoto

ni, naka-naka.
Realm, n. Kuni, koku.
Ream, n. Kami shi hiyaku hachi-jii

mai.
Reanimate, t.v. Yo mi-gay eraseru, ha-

gemasu, iki-kayeru, ike-kayesu.
Reap, t. v. Karu, kiru.
Reaper, n. Kari-te.

Re-appear, t. v. Mata miyeru, mata

arawarcru, sai-rai suru.
Re-appoint, /. v, Mata nindzuru, sai-

nin moshi-tsukeru.
Rear, a. Ushiro, ato. — column of an

army, go-jin, shingari. — house, ura-

dana.
Rear, t. v. Tateru, sodateru, buiku su-
ru, yoiku suru, yashinau, hagokumu,

mori-tateru.
Rear-guard, n. Shingari, gojin.
Rear-rank, n. Go-jin.
Re-ascend, /. v. Mata noboru.
Reason, a Dori, ri, kotowari, michi,

rikutsu yuye, sei, wake, waza, chiye,

fumbetsu. By — of, ni yotte, uye ni.
Reason, i. v. Kangayeru, fum-betsu

suru, rondzuru, dan-kd suru, hiyo-ron

suru, giron suru.
Reasonable, a. Dori ni kanau, ri ni au,

mottomo.
Reasonably, adv. Mottomo, dzui-bun

ni, kanari.
Reasoning, n. Ron, gi-ron, hiyo-ron.
Re-assemble, t. v. Sai-kuwai suru, fu-

ta-tabi atsumeru.
Re-assure, i. v. Ki ga tsuku.
Rebel, //. Mu-hon-nin, giyaku-shin,

giyaku-zoku.
Rebel, t. v. Mu-hon suru, hon-giyaku

suru, sakarau.
Rebellion, ?i. Muhon, hon-giyaku, ge-

ki-ran, ran-giyaku.
Rebellious, a. Giyaku-i, bogiyaku na.
Re-blossom, i. v. Kayeri-bana ga saku.
Rebound, i. v. Hane-kayeru.
Rebuff, t. v. Uchi-kayesu, kotowaru.
Rebuff, n. Kotowari, kobami.
Rebuild, t. v. Sai-kon suru, mata-tate-

ru.
Rebi?ke, t. v. Togameru, shikaru, ima-

shimeru, korasu.
Rebus, n. Hanji-mono de kaitaru koto.
Rebut, t. v. Uchi-fusegu, ronjite tai

suru.
Recall, t. v. Yobi-kayesu. — to mind^

omoi-dasu.
Recant, t. v. Ii-kayesu, ii-kayeru, ii-

naosu.
Recapitulate, t. v. Kuri-kayeshite iu,

temijika-ni iu.
Recapture, t. v. Tori-kayesu.
Recast, t. v. I-naosu, mata iru.
Recede, i. v. Shirizoku, ato-shizaru,

yameru, hiku, nai-ko suru.
Receipt, n. Morai, itadaki, cho-dai, ko-

muri, uketori, shihogaki. On — of,

uketori shidai ni. To be in the — of^
your letter, otegami wo raku-shu itashi

soro. Receipts and expenditures^ da-

shi-ire, de-iri.

REC 145

Receive, t. v. Uketoru, morau, itadaku,
chodai suru, komuru, adzukaru, tama-
waru, ukeru, juno suru, sadzukaru. —
a guest, kiyaku wo mukayeru.

Receiver, n. Uketori-nin, morai-te. —
of stolen goods, nuke-mono-kai.

Recent, a. Atarashii, shin. — times,
chikaki toshi, chikagoro, kin-nen.

Recently, adv. Konaida, kono-goro
sen-jitsu, chikagoro, kinrai.

Recess, n. Kiri, yasumi, hiki, naka-iri,
shirizoki.

Receptacle, n. Ire-mono.

Reception, n. Uketori, ukeru koto,
mukayeru koto.

Recipe, n. Shih6-gaki, ho-gaki.

Reciprocal, a. Tagai, ai-tagai.

Reciprocally, adv. Ai-tagai-ni, tagai
ni, katami ni.

Reciprocate, t. v. Kayowasu, tori-ka-
yeru, kayesu, mukuyuru, hodzuru, shi-
au, shikayesu.

Recital, n. Noberu koto, tsugeru ko-
to.

Recitation, n. Sodoku, an-sho, soran-
dzuru koto.

Recite, t. v. Noberu, sodoku wo suru,
ansho suru, chiu de yomu, tonayeru,
bendzuru, sorandzuru.

Reckless, a. Muko-midzu na, muyami
na, metta-na.

Recklessly, adv. Mukomidzu ni, mu-
yami ni.

Reckon, t. v. Kanjo suru, kazoyeru,
tsumoru, hakaru, kadzu wo ageru, San-
yo suru.

Reckoning, n. Kanjo, tsumori, kazoye,
sanyo.

Reclaim, t. v. Tori-kayesu, tori-modosu,
shi-naosu, tame-naosu, — wild land,
are-chi wo kaitaku suru.

Recline, t. v. Neru, fuseru, fusu.

Recluse, n, Inkiyo ; in-ja.

Recognition, n. Mi-oboye, shochi.

Recognize, t. v. Mi-oboyeru, shochi
suru.

Recoil, t. v. Shisaru, kayeru, mijiroku,
atomodoru.

Recoil, n. Shisaru koto.

Recoin, t. v. Kuwa-hei wo i-naosu.

Recollect, t. v. Oboyeru, omoi-dasu,
kokorodzuku.

Recollection, n. Oboye.

Recommence, t. v. Mata hajimeru.

Recommend, /. v. Tori-motsu.

Recommendation, n. Tori-mochi. Let-
ter of — , soye-bumi, tensho.

Recompense, t. v. Mukuyuru, hodzuru,
hempo suru, tsugunau.

Recompense, n. Mukui, hempo.

Reconcile, t. v. Naka wo naosu, uchi-

RED

tokeru, naka-naori wo suru, toke-au,

akirameru, kanawaseru.
Reconciliation, n. Naka-naori, toke-

ai, waboku. _
Recondite, a. Ogi, kakureru, ommitsu

na.
Reconnoitre, t. v. Ukagau.
Reconquer, t. v. Tori-kayesu, futa

tabi toru.
Reconsider, t. v. Mata-kangayeru, ku-

ri-kaye shite omo, omoi-kayesu, omoi-

naosu.
Reconstruct, t. v. Sai-kon suru, mata

tateru, saiko suru.
Reconvey, t. v. Mochi-kayesu, hakobi-

kayesu, kayesu.
Record, t. v. Shirusu, kaki-tomeru,

tsukeru, ki suru, noseru.
Record, n. Cho, chomen, kiroku, denki,

roku. Family — , kafu, keidzu.
Recorder, n. Sho-ki, hissei.
Recount, t. v. Kataru, monogataru,

noberu, hanasu, tsugeru, iu.
Recourse, n. To have — to, tanomu.
Recover, /. v. Tori-kayesu, tori-kayeru,

tori-modosu. — from sickness, hom-

buku suru, zenkuwai suru, heiyu suru,

naoru, kuwaifuku suru.
Recovery, n. Hombuku, zenkuwai,

heiyu, oginai, kuwaifuku.
Recreant, n. Oku-biyo nin, hon-giyaku

nin.
Recreation, n. Nagusami, asobi, ki-

san-ji, ki-barashi.
Recriminate, t. v. Tagai ni uttayeru,

tagai, ni togameru.
Recruit, n. Shin heisotsu.
Recruit, t. v. Oginau, tasu, hoyeki

suru, shimpei wo tsukuru.
Rectify, t. v. Naosu, aratameru, kai-

kaku suru, kaisei suru.
Rectitude, n. Shojiki, tadashii, sei-

choku.
Rectum, n. Jiki-cho.
Recur, t. v. Kayeru, sai-kayeru, sai-kan

suru.
Recurrent, a. Sai-kan naru.
Red, a. Akai, kurenai. Tur?i — , akami-

datsu.
Redden, t. v. Akaku suru, akameru.

(z. v.) Akaramu. Face to — , sekimen

suru.
Reddish, a. Akami.
Redeem, t. v. Aganau, mi-uke wo suru,

uke-kayesu, kai-modosu.
Redeemer, n. Aganai-nin.
Redemption, n. Kai-modoshi, aganai,

mi-uke.
Red-haired, a. Aka-ge.
Red-hot, a. Hi ni naru, yakeru.
Red lead, n. Tan.

RED

146

REI

Red ochre, n. Taishaseki.
Redolent, a. Nioi-wataru, kobashii,

kaoru.
Redouble, t. v. Bai suru, kasaneru.
Redoubt, n. Toride, daiba.
Redoubtable, n. Osoroshii, daitan

no.
Redound, i. v. Kayeru, modoru, oyo-

bu.
Redress, t. v. Naosu, aratameru, tadasu,

tsugunau.
Redress, n. Tasuke, sukui. No — ,

tasuke yo ga nai. Ask for — , sukui

wo negau.
Reduce, t. v. Habuku, gendzuru, herasu,

otosu. — the price, makeru, hiku. —

to subjection, tairageru, shitagawaseru.

— in rank, shikujiru.
Reduction, ;/. Habuki, gensho, herashi.

— in price, ne-biki.

Redundant, a. Yokei na, yobun na,
amari no, nokoru, kuwa-bun naru.

Reduplicate, t. v. Bai suru, kasaneru.

Reed, n. Take, yoshi, aze.

Reef, n. Iwa.

Reef, /. v. Ho wo tsumeru.

Reek, i. v. Mushi-tatsu, jo-hatsu su-
ru.

Reel, n. Waku, maiba, kase, oga.

Reel, t. v. Kuru. (/. v.) Yoromeku,
yorokeru.

Re-embark, t. v. Mata fune ni noru.

Re-enforce, t. v. Masu, kuwayeru.

Re-enforcement, n. Yem-pei.

Re-enter, t. v. Ma a iru, sai-niu suru.

Reeve, t. v. Tosu.

Re-export, t. v. Tsumi-kayeru.

Refectory, n. Shokudo.

Refer, t. v. Makaseru, kayesu, adzuke-
ru. (i. v.) Sasu, tsuku, ate-tsukeru,

‘ yosoyeru.

Reference, n. in — to, ni tsuite, sono
chinami-ni.

Refine, t. v. Fuki-wakeru, yaki-naosu,
aratameru, naosu, kirei ni suru, keppa-
ku ni suru.

Refined, n. Kirei na, furiu na, ateyaka
na, miyabi-taru, miyabiyaka na, fuga.

Refit, t. v. Tsukurau, shufuku suru.

Reflect, i. v. Kangayeru, omoi-mawasu,
sh’iriyo suru, utsuru, kayeri-miru. ^eru.
Remiss, a. Okotaru, yudan wo suru,

taiman naru, tarumu, darumu, nuka-

ru.
Remission, n. Yurushi, shamen, gomen-,

yurumi, yasumi.
Remissness, n. Okotari, yudan, kedai.
Remit, t. v. Yurumu, usurogu, yurusu,

shamen suru, gomen suru. — money,

yaru, okuru, tsukawasu.
Remnant, n. Hashita, nokori, hampa,

sutari, zambutsu. — of life, yo-mei.
Remonstrance, n. Isame, kangen, iken.
Remonstrate, t. v. Isameru, kangen

suru, iken suru.
Remorse, n. Kuyami, zannen, kokuwai.
Remorseless, a. Jihi -naki, awaremi

naki.
Remote, a. Toi, yempo, haruka.
Remoteness, n. Tosa.
Removal, n. Tori-harai, harai, tentaku.
Remove, i. v. Utsuru, utsusu, torn,

hadzusu, tori-harau, tori-hadzusu, ten-
taku suru.
Remunerate, t. 7: Mukuyuru, kayesu,

hodzuru, hobi wo yaru, tsugunau.

REN

148

REQ

Rend, t. v. Saku, waru, hiki-saku, sa-
keru, tsunzaku.

Render, t. v. Kayesu, mukuyuru, ho-
dzuru, naosu, honyaku suru. — a ser-
vice, sewa wo suru. You have ren-
dered vie many kindnesses, dan-dan
o-sewa ni narimashta. — assistance,
sewa suru, josei suru, tasukeru. To —
an English word into Japanese, yei-go
wo wa-go ni naosu, or honyaku suru.
To — up, moshi-ageru. — back, ka-
yesu.

Rendezvous, n. Atsumaru tokoro, mato-
maru tokoro. (z*. v.) Atsumeru.

Renegade, n. Kake-ochi, dasso.

Renew, t. v. Shi-naosu, shi-kayeru,
aratameru, ire-kayeru, kasaneru.

Renounce, t. v. Suteru, mi-suteru.

Renovate, t. v. Shi-naosu, koshiraye-
naosu.

Renown, n, Ko-mei, homare, ko-miyo,
na-dakai.

Rent, t. v. Karu, kasu.

Rent, n. Tana-chin, yachin. Ground
— , jidai.

Renter, n. Kari-te, kari-kata, tanako,
tanagari, kari-nushi.

Reorganize, t. v. Is-shin suru, arata ni
sonayeru.

Repair, t. v. Naosu, tsukuro, oginau,
shi-naosu, tsugunau. (z. v.) Yuku,
mairu.

Reparation, n. Tsugunai, oginai, naori.

Repartee, n. Kotaye.

Repass, t. v. Mata toru, futa-tabi sugiru,
mata wataru.

Repast, n. Shoku-motsu.

Repay, t. v. Kayesu, mukuyuru, hojiru,
tsugunau, hemben suru, henjo suru,
hen-kiyaku suru, henno suru.

Repeal, t. v. Yameru, hai-shi suru.

Repeat, t. v. Kasanete iu, kasaneru,
mata, kuri-kayeshite iu.

Repeatedly, adv. Kasane-gasane, tabi-
tabi, tatami – kakete, kayesu – gayesu,
kure-gure.

Repel, t. v. Fusegu, shirizokeru, bogiyo
suru.

Repent, i. v. Kuyamu, ko-kuwai suru,
zannen ni omo.

Repentance, n. Ko-kuwai, zan-nen,
kuyami.

Repine, z*. v. Oshimu, kuchi-oshigaru,
kuyamu.

Replace, t. v. Kayesu, tsugunau, kaye-
ru, mamayeru.

Replenish, t. v. Mata tsugu, habikora-
seru.

Reply, t. v. Kotayeru, hen-td suru,
henji suru.

Reply, n. Kotaye, hento, henji.

Rkport, t. v. Moshi-ageru, todokeru,

moshi-noberu, chiu-shin suru, gonjo

suru.
Report, n. Todoke-sho, fu-bun, hiyd-

ban, uwasa, tori-sata, fa-zetsu, hibiki,

oto.
Repose, i. v. Neru, yasumu, fuseru.
Repose, n. Yasumi, an-shin.
Reprehend, t. v. Togameru, imashi-

meru, korasu, korashimeru.
Represent, t. v. Nazorayeru, yosoyeru,

katadoru, mane wo suru, arawasu, miyo-

dai suru, sodai ni idzuru.
Representation, n. Arawasu koto, ye-

dzu, kaki-arawasu koto, shibai, sodai.
Representative, n. Sodai, miyo-dai.
REPRESS, /. v. Osameru, shidzumeru,

hikaycru, tori-hishigu, osayeru.
Reprieve, t. v. Shioki wo nobasu.
Reprimand, t. v. Togameru, irnashi-

meru, shikaru, korashimeru, kimeru.
REPRINT, t. v. Sai-han suru. («.) Sai-

han.
REPRISAL, n. Hem-po. To make — ,

hempo suru.
Reproach, t. v. Togameru, shikaru,

nonoshiru, kimeru, kime-tsukeru.
Reproach, n. Togame, nonoshiri, akko,

zogon, sogon, haji, kakin, chijoku.
Reprobate, t. v. Waruku omou, shochi

senu, kotowaru.
Reprobate, n. Doraku mono, hoto nin,

horatsu mono.
Reproduce, n. Mata shodzuru.
Reproof, n. Imashime, iken, isame, to-
game, korashime.
Reprove, t. v. Togameru, imashimeru.
Reptile, n. Hau mushi no somiyo.
Republic, n. Kiyokaseiji.
Republication, n. Sai-han.
Republish, t. v. Sai-han suru.
Repudiate, t. v. Suteru, utcharu, ribe-

tsu suru, riyen suru.
Repugnance, n. Kirau koto, iyagaru

koto, imu, ito.
Repugnant, a. Sakarau, motoru, sako,

awanu, kanawanu.
Repulse, t. v. Shirizokeru, fusegi-kayesu.
Repulsive, a. Kirawashii, iyarashii.
Reputable, a. Hiyoban no yoi, tattoki.
Reputation, n. Hiyo-ban, na, guwai-

bun.
Repute, t. v. Omou, suikiyo suru.
Request, t. v. Negau, tanomu, ko.
Request, n. Negai, tanomi, koi. In — ,

kake-kuchi ga oi, uie-kuchi ga aru.
Requiem, n. Shi nin no tame ni yomu

kiyomon.
Require, t. v. Tanomu, yo, iru, negau,

nakute naranai, nakute kanawanu. It

is required of the people that they obey

REQ

149

RES

the laws of the state, tami wa koku-ho

ni shitagawaneba naranu.
Requirement, n. Nakute naranu mono.
Requisite, a. Kakute-kanawanu, hi-

tsuyo.
Requisition, n. Motomeru koto.
Requital, n. Mukui, hempo.
Requite, /. v. Mukvryuru, hojiru, ka-
r yesu, hempo sum.
**”‘ Rescind, t. v. Yameru, hai suru, haishi

suru, hai-chi suru.
Rescue, t. v. Tasukeru, sukii.
Research, n. Shirabe, sensaku.
Re-sell, /. v. Mata uru.
Resemble, t. v. Niru, nite-oru, nazora-

yeru, yosoyeru, ayakaru, katadoru.
Resemblance, n. Niru koto.
Resent, t. v. Ikidoru, hempo suru.
Resentment, n. Ikidori, urami, on-nen.
Reservation, n. Nokosu koto, kakushi-

oku koto.
Reserve, t. v. Nokosu, nokoru, kokoro

wo oku, oki-au, takuwayeru, hedataru.
Reserve, n. Yenri}^, habakari, kokoro-

oki, hedate, godzume. Without — ,

besshin naku.
Reserved, a. Tsutsushimu, yenriyo

naru, tottoki no, takuwayeru.
Reservoir, n. Midzu-tame, ike.
Reship, t. v. Tsumi-kayesu, okuri-ka-

yesu.
Reside, t. v. Sumu, oru, ju-kiyo suru,

sumau, zaiju.
Residence, n. Sumai, jukiyo, iye, taku.
Resident, n. Ju-nin, sumu hito.
Residue, n. Nokori, zam-butsu.
Residuum, n. Kasu, tare-kasu.
R.ESIGN, t. v. Yudzuru, makaseru, shi-

tagau, taishin suru. — office, tai-yaku

suru, fukkuwan suru. — a seat, tai-za

suru.
Resignation, n

tai-yaku.
Resin, n. Matsu no yani, chan.
Resist, t. v. Sakarau, tekitau, sako, bo-

giyo suru, fusegu, temukau.
Resistance, n. Sakarau koto.
Resistless, a. Sakarawarenu, fusegare-

nu.
Resolute, a. Kitsui, ki-dzuyoi, kijo

na.
Resolutely, adv. Shikatto, kibishiku.
Resolution, n. Kesshin.
Resolve, t. v. Sadameru, ketsujo suru,

ketchaku suru, toku, toki-akasu, wake-

ru, bunri suru.
Resonance, n. Hibiki.
Resonant, a. Hibiku, naru, ato ga de-

ru.
Resort, t. v. Mochiiru, yuku, atsuma-

of office, jishoku,

Resort, n. Yuku tokoro, atsumaru to-
ko ro.

Resound, i. v. Naru, hibiku, narasu,
doyomu.

Resource, n. Shikata, shiyo, senkata.

Resources, n. Taka, shin-sho.

Respect, t. v. Uyamau, tattomu, son-
kiyo suru.

Respect, n,^ Uyamai, ‘tattomi. In re-
spect to, ni tsuite, taishite. No — of
Persons, hedatsuru kokoro nashi, kata-
hiiki nashi.

Respectable, a. Hodo-yoi, tattoki. —
person, hitogara no yoi hito, jim-pin
noyoi-hito, johin na hito, bungen no
yoi hito.

Respectful, a. Uya-uyashii.

Respecting, a. Ni tsuite, taishite.

Respective, a. Mochimaye, ono-ono,
goto-ni.

Respiration, n. Iki-dzukai, kokiu.

Respire, i. v. Iki wo suru, kokiu su-
ru.

Respite, n. Hima, itoma, yasumi, hi-
nobe.

Respite, t. v. Shioki wo nobasu.

Resplendent, a. Hikaru, kagayaku.

Respond, t. v. Kotayeru, hento suru,
henji suru, odzuru.

Response, n. Kotaye, hento, henji.

Responsible, a. Kakawaru beki, tsugu-
nau beki, kakari-au.

Rest, i. v. _ Yasumu, kiusoku suru, ik6,
oku, ansei suru. — with, yoru, maka-
su.

Rest, n. Yasumi, ansei, ansoku, todome,
nokori.

Restaurant, n. Riyori-ya, kappo-ka.

Restitution, Tsugunai.

Restless, a. Ochi-tsukanu, shidzuma-
ranu, odayaka naradzu.

Restoration, n. Naori, saiko. — to
health, hombuku, zenkuwai, heiyu. —
of friendship, naka-naori.

Restorative, a. — medicine, oginai-
kusuri, hozai.

Restore, t. v. Kayesu, tsugunau, ogi-
nau, tsukurau, naoru, fuku suru. —
to health, hombuku suru. — to life^
yomi-gayeru, sai-sei. — harmony, na-
ka-naori. — a building, sai-kon suru,
sai-ko suru.

Restrain, /. r/. Hikayeru, osayeru, sa-
shi-tomeru, tomeru, kobamu.

Restraint, n. Hikayeme, osaye.

Restrict, t. v. Kagiru, kagiri wo kiwa-
meru.

Restriction, n. Kagiri wo kiwameru
koto, sasayeru koto.

Result, /. ?>. Okoru, hassuru. — /«,
hateru, shimau, owaru, oyobu, hatasu.

RES

I50

RIC

Result, n. Owari, hate, sei, yuye, wa-

za, hatashite, ni yotte.
Resume, t. v. Sai-ko suru, mata-haji-

meru.
Resumption, n. Tori-ageru koto.
Resurrection, n. Haka kara yomiga-

yeru, sai-sei suru, iki-kayeru.
Resuscitate, /. v. Ike-kayesu, ikasu.
Retail, t. v. Ko-uri wo suru.
Retail, n. Ko-uri.
Retain, t. v. Motsu, tamotsu, yatou.
Retainer, n. Kerai, shin.
Retake, t. v. Tori-kayesu.
Retaliate, t. v. Kayesu, mukuyuru,

ate-kayesu.
Retaliation, n. Kayesu koto, hempo.
Retard, t. v. Osoku suru, sasayeru, to-

dokoru.
Retch, i. v. Yedzuku, haku.
Reticule, n. Tamoto-otoshi.
Retina, n. Mo-maku.
Retinue, ?z. Tomo, do-zei.
Retire, i. v. Shirizoku, atoshizaru, hiki-

toru, ton-sei suru, noku, hiku.
Retired, n. Inkiyo.
Retirement, n. Living hi — , in-kiyo

suru.
Retort, /. v. Ii-kayesu.
Retort, n. Rambiki.
Retrace, t. v. Kayeru, modoru.
RetracTj t. v. Hikkomasu, ii-naosu,

hen-gai suru, ii-kayeru.
Retreat, t. v. Shirizoku, hiki-kayesu,

hiki-toru. — of an army, tai-jin su-
ru.
Retrench, t. v. Habuku, herasu, gen-

dzuru, sei-riyaku.
Retrenchment, n. Gen-sho.
Retribution, n. Mukui, kuwa-ho, in-

guwa.
Retrieve, t. v. Sai-ko suru, kuwai-fuku

suru, tate-naosu.
Retrograde, t. v. Atoshizari wo suru,

shisaru, ato-modori wo suru, shirizoku,

sagaru.
Retrospect, n. Kayeri-miru koto.
Return, t. v. Kayesu, modosu, henno

suru, hen-kiyaku suru, hen-jo suru.

‘e.
Rupture, t. v. Yaburu, haretsu suru.
Rural, a. Inaka no.
Ruse, n. Hakarigoto, tedate, kama.
Rush, i. v. Hashiru.
Rush, n. Ashi, yoshi, kaya.
Russia, n. Orosha.
Rust, n. Sabi.
Rust, i. v. Sabiru.
Rustic n. Inaka-mono, gasatsu-mono,

hina-bito.
Rustic, a. Inaka, bukotsu-na.
Rusticate, z. v. Inaka ni oru, zaigo ni

oru.
Rustle, i. v. Sara-sara to naru, hara-

hara to naru, sayagu.
Rusty, a. Sabita.
Rut, n. Tesseki, kuruma no ato.
Ruthless, a. Mugai, hakujo na, ubia

naki.

SAB

154

SAN

S

Sabbath, n. Ansoku-nichi, yasumi-bi,

zontaku.
Sable, a. Kuroi.
Sabke, n. Katana, tsurugi.
Saccharine, a. Umai, sato no.
Sack, n. Tavvara, fnkuro.
Sack, t. v. Bundori suru.
Sacrament, n. Iesu no tatetaru reishiki.
Sacked, a. Sei naru, shin sei na. — tree,

rei-boku. — place rei-chi, rei-jo.
Sacrifice, t. v. Ageru, sonayeru, tamu-

keru, tatermtsuru, matsuru, kujiru.
Sacrifice, n. Animal — , ikeniye.

Tilings offered in — , ku-motsu, tamu-

ke mono. Human — , hitomigoku.
Sacrilegious, a. Mottainai.
Sad, a. Kanashii, urei no, itamashii.

To feel — , kanashimu, uriou.
Saddle, n. Kura. — girth, hara-obi.
Saddler, n. Bagu-ya.
Saddle-tree, 71. Kura-bone.
Sadly, adv. Kanashiku, ureite.
Sadness, a. Kanashisa, urei, utsu.
Safe, a. Buji, sokusai, dai-jobu, tassha-

na, tashika-na, tsudzukanai.
Safe. n. Hai-cho.
Safely, adv. Buji-ni, anzen-ni, tashika-

ni, tsudzukanaku.
Safety, n. Buji, anzen.
Safflovver, n. Beni no hana.
Sag, i. v. Kata-yoru, katadzuru, tawa-

mu, tarumu.
Sagacious, a. Kashikoi, riko na, chiye

ga aru, katsudatsu na, satoki.
Sagacity, ». Chiye, chi-riyaku, satori.
Sage, n. Kashikoi, riko na, satoki.
Sage, n. Seijin.
Sagely, adv. Kashikoku.
Sago, n. Sagobei.
Said, Itta pret. of iu, hanashita, kudan-

no, iwayuru.
Sail, n. Ho, so. To set — , shuppan su-
ru. — boat, or ship, ho^-bune, ho-kake-

bune.
Sail, i. v. Shuppan sum, hashiru.
Sail-maker, n. Ho wo tsukuru hito.
Sailor, n. Suifu, kako, suishu, sendo,

mado-rosu.
Sailors’ inn, n. Funa-yado.
Saint, n. Buddhist — , hijiri.
Sake, n. Tame, yotte, (yori).
Salad, n. Chisha.
Salary, n. Yaku-riyo, rei, rei-kin, kiu~

kin. Monthly — , gekkiu.

Sale, n. Ure, hake-kuchi, hake, sabake,

uriguchi, sabaki-kuchi.
Saleable, a. Ure ga yoi, hake ga yoi.
Saline, a. Shio no, shioke no.
Saliva, n. Tsubaki, yodare, katadzu,

nama-tsuba.
Sauvary gland, n. Da-sen.
Salivation, ;/. Ko-chiu furan.
Sally, z. v. J)eru, idzuru.
Salmon, n. Shake. Pickled — , shio-

biki.
Saloon, n. Zashiki.
Salt, n. Shio.
Salt, t. v. Shio ni tsukeru, shio wo suru,

shio-oshi.
Salt-cellar, n. Shio-ire, te-shio, shio-

zara.
Saltish, a. Shio-ke.
Salt-maker, n. Shio-yaki, shio-taki.
Salt-merchant, n. Shio-ya.
Saltpetre, n. Sho-seki.
Salt-water, n. Shio, shio-midzu.
Salt-work, n. Shio-hama.
Salty, a. Shio-kayui, shio-karai, shop-

pai.
Salubrious, a. Yo-jo no tame ni naru,

hoyo no tame naru.
Salubrity, n. Yojo no tame naru ko-
to.
Salutary, a. Tame ni naru.
Salutation, n. Aisatsu, jigi, rei-gi.
Salute, n. Aisatsu, reigi, jigi. Firing

a — , shukuho suru.
Salute, t. v. Aisatsu suru, reigi wo suru,

jigi wo suru. — without speaking,

moku-rei.
Salvage, n. Fune aruiwa nimotsu nado

wo tasukuru hito no daigin.
Salvation, n. Tasuke, sukui, saido.
Salve, n. Koyaku.
Same, a. Onaji, onajikoto, do, do-yo,

hitoshii. — as before, moto no tori,

itsu mo onaji. — proportion, tobun.

Not all the — , onajiku nai. — as the

Pattern, mi-hon no tori. — state, do

hen.
Sampan, n. Fune, temma.
Sample, n. Tehon, mihon.
Sanctification, n. Sei suru koto, sei

naru koto, kokoro no kiyoki naru koto.
Sanctify, t. v. Kiyomeru, sei suru.
Sanction, n. Yurushi, menkiyo.
Sand, n. Suna, isago.
Sandal, n. Zori, sekida, waraji.

SAN

155

SCA

Sandal-wood, n. Biyakudan.

Sand-bag, n. Do-hiyo.

Sand-bank, n. Su.

Sand-glass, n. Suna-dokei.

Sandy, a. Suna-gachi-na, sunappoi. —
desert, sunappa, sabaku.

Sane, a. Tashika na.

Sangfroid, n. Hei-ki, magao.

Sanguinary, a. Hito-jini no 61, mugoi,
muzan.

Sanguine, a. Chi no iro, akai, kekki na-
na.

Sanity, n. Seishin no tassha nam koto.

Sanitary, a. Yojo wo mamoru.

Sanskrit, n. Bonji.

Sap, n. Shim, yani, shibu.

Sarcasm, n. Kinku.

Sarcastic, a. Nigai, niga-nigashii. —
laugh, niga-warai.

Sardine, n. Iwashii.

Sardonic, a. Nigawarai.

Sash, n. Obi, shoji.

Satan, n. Akuma no na.

Satchel, n. Doran.

Satellite, n. Tsuki, tsuki-mono.

Satiate, t. v. Aku, taru, tenno sum.
(t. v.) Akaseru, aki-taraseru.

Satiety, n. Aki, aki-taru koto.

Satin, n. Shusu. White — , nume.

Satire, n. Raku-shu, waru-kuchi, kin-
ku.

Satirize, t. v. Togameru.

Satisfaction, n. An-shin, taru koto,
akirame, tsugunai, oginai.

Satisfactory, a. An-shin saseru, utagai
wo harasu, ki ni kanau.

Satisfy, /. v. Akaseru, aki-taraseru,
tsugunau, ochi-tsukaseru, oginau, aki-
rameru, utagai wo harasu, anshin sase-
ru.

Saturate, t. v. Shimesu, nurasu, shimi-
toru.

Saturation, n. Shimesu koto.

Saturday, n. Doyobi.

Saturn, n. Dosei.

Sauce, n. Shoyu, miso.

Saucer, n. Sara.

Saucily, adv. Shitsurei ni, burei ni.

Sauciness, 11. Shitsurei, burei, buyenri-

yo.

Sal cy, a. Shitsurei na, burei na.
Saunter, z. v. Bura-bura aruku, shoyo

suru.
Savage, a. Mugoi, muzan-na, takeki,

araki.
Savage, n. Yebisu, yeteki.
Savant, n. Mono-shiri, hakushiki, ga-

kusha.
Save, t. v. Tasukeru, saido suru, do

suru. — money, kanc wo nokosu, or,

kane wo tameru.

Save, firefi. Nokoshite.

Saving, a. Kenyaku-na, shimatsu-na,

kanriyaku na.
Saviour, n. Shukui-te, tasuke-te, kiu-

se-shu, sekiu-tamo kimi.
Savor, i. v. Niou, jaiwau.
Savor, n. Nioi, ajiwai.
Savory, a. Oishii, umai, amai.
Saw, n. Nokogiri.
Saw, t. v. Hiku.
Sawdust, n. Oga-kudzu.
Sawyer, n. Kobiki.
Say, t. v. Iu, hanasu, iwaku, danjiru,

tsugeru. — to one’s self, chingin suru.

It is said, yoshi.
Say, n. Hanashi.
Saying, n. Setsu, hanashi, kotowaza.

Habit of — , kuchi-kuse,
Scab, n, Kasa-buta.
Scab, i. v. Kaseru.
Scabbard, n. Saya.
Scabies, n. Shitsu.
Scaffold, n. Ashiba, ashijiro.
Scald, t. v. Yu de yakeru, ibiru.
Scald, n. Yakedo, tokuwasho.
Scale, n. Hakari, tem-bin, koke, uroko,

sane, do-su.
Scale, t. v. Noboru, agaru.
Scalp, t. v. Kashira no kawa wo muku.
Scamp, n. Kiyatsu, yatsu.
Scamper, i. v. Kakeru, hashiru.
Scan, t. v. Shiraberu, nagameru, kemi

suru.
Scandal, n. Soshiri, zangen, haji.
Scandalize, t. v. Hadzukashimeru.
Scandalous, a. Hadzukashii.
Scant, a. Semaki, toboshiki, taranu.
Scantily, adv. Taradzu ni, sukunaku,

fusoku ni shite, toboshiku.
Scanty, a. Semai, taranu, fusoku-na,

toboshiki, jubun naranu.
Scapula, n. Hambi-kotsu.
Scar, n. Ato, kidzu no ato, hankon.
Scarce, a. Sukunai, fusoku, toboshii,

futtei, mare naru.
Scarcely, adv. Yoyaku, yatto, karo-

jite.
Scare, t. v. Odosu, odorokasu, obiya-

kasu. — away, odoshi-yaru.
Scarecrow, n. Odoshi, kagashi, sodzu,

hita, naruko, tori-odoshi.
Scared, p. a. Kowagaru, osoru, okka-

nai.
Scarf, n. — of a priest, kesa.
Scarify, t. v. Asaku kiru.
Scarlet, a. Akai, hi.
Scarp, ;/. Kishi.

Scatter, t. v. Chirasu, hai-suru, barasu.
Scattered, 1. Mabara, ussuri to, chiru.
Scatteringly, adv. Bara-bara, barari-

to, san-zan, chiri-chiri.

SCA

<56

SCY

Scavenger, n. Machi no soji nin.

SCENE, n. Keshiki, yosu, tei.

Scenery, n. Keshiki, fukei, keishoku,

chcbi.
Scent, n. Nioi, ka.
Scent, t. v. Kagu, kaoru, kagi-dasu,

kagi-tsukeru.
Schedule, n. Mokuroku.
Scheme, n. Tedate, te, hakarigoto, kei-

riyaku, kufu, jutsu, hoben.
Scheme, /. v. Kufu suru, kuwadateru,

hakaru.
Schism, n. Wakari, yedaha.
Scholar, n. Deshi, monjin, gakusha,

shosei.
School, n. Gakudo, gakko, keiko-ba,

gaku-monjo, juku, ha, riu, riugi, shu-

shi.
School, t. v. Oshiyeru. kiyoju suru.
Schoolfellow, n. Dd-gaku.
School-house, n. Gakudo, gakumonjo,

gakko.
Schoolmaster, n. Shisho, kiyoshi.
Schoolmate, n, Dogaku, ai-deshi.
Science, n. Gaku, jutsu, gakumon.
Scintillate, /. v. Higa haneru, hibana

ga chiru.
Scissors, n. Hasami.
Sclerotic, //. Haku-maku.
Scoff, t. v. Azakeru, guro suru, soshi-

ru.
Scold, t. v. Shikaru, togameru, kogoto

wo iu, kimeru, gami-gami iu.
Scolding, n. Kennomi.
Scoop, n. Shaku.
Scoop, t. v. Kumu, kuru, yeguru, sogu,

sarayeru.
Scoopnet, n. Sukui-ami, sade.
Scope, n. Tokoro, basho, atedo.
Scorch, /. v. Kogasu.
Scorched, a. Kogeru, yakeru, koga-

reru.
Score, n. Shirushi, kanjo, ni-ju.
Score, t. v. Shirusu.
Scoria, n. Kanakuso.
Scorn, n. Anadori, keibetsu, iyashimi.

To laugh to — , azawarau.
Scorn, t. v. Anadoru, kei-betsu suru,

mi-sageru, karondzuru, iyashimeru,

sage-sumu.
Scorpion, n. Sasori.
Scoundrel, n. Yatsu, me.
Scour, t. v. Migaku, togu, suru, suri-

migaku.
Scourge, n. Muchi, shimoto, tatari, ba-

chi-atari.
Scourge, t.v. Muchi-utsu, sekkan suru,

bassuru, keibatsu suru, imashimeru.
Scout, n. Monomi, tomi.
Scowl, i. v. Shikameru, hisomeru.
Scowl, n. Kao wo hisomeru koto.

Scrabble up, z. v. Yoji-noboru, hai-

agaru, kaki-noboru.
Scraggy, n. Araki.
Scramble up, i.v. Ywji-noboru. Scrcujible

for, bai-torigachi.
Scrap, n. Hashita, kire.
Sckape, t. v. Kedzuru, kosogeru, suru,

kaku.
Scratch, t. v. Kaku. — off, kaki-otosu,

kaki-mushiru. — and search for,

kaki-sagasu, asaru. — out, kaki-kesu.
Scrawl, ;/. Aku-hitsu, ram-pitsu.
Scrawl, t. v. Tsutanaku kaku.
Scream, i. v. Sakebu, wameku, naku.
Screech, i. v. Sakebu, naku.
Screen, n. Biyobu, shoji, fusuma, mi,

jo-tan, hoya.
Screen, t. v. Oi, kakusu, kabau, abau,

kabusaru, kadamu, mi de hiru.
Screw, n. Neji.
Screw, t. v. Nejiru. — into, neji-komu.

— open, neji-akeru. — out, shiboru.
Screw-driver, n. Neji-mawashi.
Screw-steamer, ?^. Uchi-guruma-no

joki-sen.
Scribble, /. v. Kaku, fude makase ni

kaku, tedzusami ni kaku.
Scribe, n. Sho-yaku, yii-hitsu, sho-ki.
Scrimp, t. v. Semaku suru.
Scrip, n. Fukuro.
Scriptures, n. Sei-kiyo, seisho, kiyo-

mon.
Scrofula, n. Rui-reki.
Scrub, t. v. Migaku, kosuru.
Scruple, i. v. Tamero, tayutau, yiiyo

suru, kogi suru, utagau.
Scruple, n. — of troy weight = sam

pun shi rin.
Scrupulous, a. Yuyo-gachi na, tsutsu-

shimi fukai.
Scrutinize, t. v. Sensaku suru, shira-

beru, gimmi suru, tadzuneru, toi-tsu-

meru.
Scrutiny, n. Shirabe, tadzune, sensa-
ku.
Scuffle, n. Kenkuwa.
Scuffle, i. v. Sumo wo toru, ken-kuwa

suru.
Scull, t. v. Kogu.
Scull, n. Ro.
Scull-pin, n. Ro-beso.
Sculptor, a. Ishi-ya, ishi-kiri. — of

•wood images, busshi.
Sculpture, t. v. Horu.
Scum, n. Uwa-kawa, kudzu, awa.
Scurf, n. Fuke.

Scurrility, t. v. Akko, waru-kuchi.
Scuttle, n. Sumi-tori.
Scuttle, t. v. — a ship, fune wo shidzu-

meru tame ni soko ni ana wo akeru.
Scythe, n. Ogama.

SEA

iS7

SEE

Sea, n. Umi, kai, nada. The — is rough,
nami ga arai. Half seas over, nama-
yoi, horoyoi. — and land, kai-riku.

— water shio.

Seaboard, «. Kai-gan, umi no iso, kai-

hen, umi-te, umibe.
Sea-breeze, n. Umi-kaze, kai-fu.
Sea-captain, n. Fune-no kashira, sen-

Sh6.

Sea-chart, n. Umi no yedzu.

Seacoast, a. Kai-gan, kai-hen.

Sea fight, n. Funa-ikusa.

Sea-horse, n. Umi-‘ ma. ^

Seal, ;/. ‘eru.
Steal, t. v. Nusumu, ubau, toru, kasu-

meru. — away, hisokani nigeru, nu-

kete deru.
Stealing, n. Nusumu koto.
Stealth, n. Nusumi. By — , hisoka-
ni, shinonde.
Stealthily, adv. Hisoka ni, hiso-hiso,

naisho, shinonde, kossori-to, nukete.
Steam, n. Joki, yuke.
Steam, s. v. Jo-hatsu suru, museru.
Steam, t. v. Musu. fukasu.

STE

171

STO

Steam-boat, n. Hi-bune, joki-sen.

Steam-boiler, n. Kama.

Steam-car, «. Joki-sha.

Steam-engine, n. Joki no shikake.

Steel, n. Hagane, hi-uchi.

Steel-yard, n. Tembin, hakari.

Steep, n. Gake, zeppeki, nanjo.

Steep, a. Kewashii, sagashii, kittatsu,
soba-datsu.

Steep, t. v. Hitasu, tsukeru.

Steeple, 71. Roban.

Steer, /. v. Kaji wo toru.

Steersman, n. Kaji-tori.

Stem, n, Jiku, kuki.

Stem, t. v. Sakarau, saka noboru.

Stench, n. Shuki, kusai nioi.

Step, i. v. Fumu, aruku. — into* fumi-
komu, yoru, hairii. — back, atoshizari,
ushiro-ashi. — across, fumi-koyeru,
fumi-watasu, matageru, matagu. —
aside, yokeru. — upon and break,
fumi-kudaku, fumi-tsubusu. — on, fu-
mi-tsukeru. — forth, deru. — out,
deru.

Step, n. Fumi, dan. One — , hito ashi.
Step by step, dan-dan, shidai-ni, oi-oi.
Walk •with long — , fumbatte aruku.

Step-brother, n. Tane-gawari no kiyd-
dai, beppuku no kiy5dai, chi-kiyodai.

Step-child, n. Mama-ko, beppuku.

Step-daughter, n. Mama-ko.

Step-father, n. Mama-chihi, keifu.

Step-ladder, n. Fumi-dan, fumi-tsugi,
kiyatatsu.

Step-mother, n. Mama-haha, keibo.

Steps, n. Agaridan, hashigo, fumi-dan,
fumi-tsugi.

Step-son, n. Muko.

Step-stone, n. Kutsu-nugi, dan.

Stereoscope, n. Shashin megane.

Sterile, a. Yasetaru.

Sterility, n. Yasetaru koto.

Stern, n. Fune no tomo.

Stern, a. Arakenai, kibishii, ikameshii.

Sternly, adv. Kataku, kibishiku.

Stern-most, a. Itchi ato no.

Sternum, ?i. Mune no hone.

Stew, t. v. Niru, yuderu.

Steward, n. Makanai-kata, katte-kata.

Stick, n. Bo, sao, tsuye, ki.

Stick, t. v. Sasu, tsuku, haru, tsukeru.
(z. v.) Koberi-tsuku, nebari-tsuku, he-
bari-tsuku, kishimu. — fast, hittsuku,
kakaru, i-tsuku. To — by* katan suru.
To — out, tatsu, deru. To — to, tsu-
ku.

Sticky, a. Nebai, nebaru, beta-beta, be-
tatsuku, nebari-tsuku.

Stiff, a. Katai, katamaru, kowai, kowa-
baru, kataku na, henkutsu na.

Stiffen, t. v. Kataku suru, katameru,

kowaku suru. (z*. v.) Kataku nam,

katamaru.
Stiff-necked, a. Go-jo naru, iji wo

haru.
Stiffness, n. Katasa, kowasa, kataki,

henkutsu, kataiji.
Stifle, t. v. Iki wo tomeru, kesu, mu-

sebu.
Stigma, n. Haji, kakin, chijoku, kidzu.
Stiletto, n. Kuwai-ken.
Still, t. v. Shidzumeru, osameru, tome-
ru, todomeru.
Still, a. Shidzuka na, odayaka na, shi-

dzumaru, ochi-tsuku, damaru, moku-

nen.
Still, n. Rambiki.
; Still, adv. Mada, ima-made, nao, hito-

shiwo, keredomo, nao-sara, shikashi-

nagara, yahari. — more, iyo-iyo, ma-

su-masu. Hold — , jitto shite ire.
Still-born, a. Shinde umareru, sho-san

shita.
I Stillness, n. Shidzuka naru koto.
Stilt, n. Take-uma.
Stimluate, t. v. Hagemasu, fumpatsu

saseru, susumeru.
Sting, t. v. Sasu, hari de sasu.
Sting, n. Hari.
Stingy, a. Shiwai, rinshoku na, kechi

na, yabusaka na, mono-oshimi no.
Stink, z”. v. Kusaru.
Stint, t. v. Herasu, oshimite yaru.
Stipend, n. Gekkiu, kiu-kin.
Stipulate, i. v. Yakusoku suru, joyaku

suru.
Stipulation, n. Yakusoku, joyaku, ka-

jo.
Stir, i. v. Ugoku, undo suru. (t. z>.)

Ugokasu, kaki-mawasu, kaki-mazeru.

— up, hagemasu, odateru, okosu.
Stir, n. Sawagi. sodo, yakamashii.
Stirrup, n. Abumi. — leather, chika-

ra-gawa.
Stitch, t. v. Nu, tojiru.
j Stock, n. Jiku. — of a gun, teppo no
dai. — katami.
Tolerable, a. Kanari, dzui-bun, kora-

yerareru.

Yurusu, menkiyo suru,

Yurushi, menkiyo, kan-

Tolerate, t. v.

kan-nin suru.
Toleration, n.

nin, shinogi.
Toll, t. v. Narasu.
Toll, n. Chin, dai, unjo. Bridge — ,

hashi-zeni.
Toll-bridge, n. Zeni-tori-bashi.
Tomato, n. Aka-nasu.
Tomb, n. Haka, tsuka, fumbo.
Tombstone, n. Haka-jirushi, sekito, se-

kihi.
To-morrow, n. Miyo-nichi, ashita.
Tone, n. Ne, neiro, Jcoye, oto, kowane.
I Tongs, n, Hi-bashi. To take -with — ■,

hasamu.
j Tongue, n. Shita, kotoba. To hold the

— , damaru, mokunen suru.
I Tongue-tie, n. Kojita.
Tonic medicines, n. Hoyaku, kiyosozai.
To-night, n. Komban, kon-ya.
j Tonnage, n. Funa-ni no mekata, fune

no tsumidaka, funa-unjo.
Tonsil, n. Hentosen.
Tonsure, n. Teihatsu, raku-shoku, chi-

hatsu, kashira-orosu.
Too, adv. Sugiru, amaru, mo, mata, ya-

hari, takusan. — much, yokei.
Tool, n. Dogu.
Tooth, n. Ha, me, see Teeth. Carious

— , mushi-ba. Artificial — , ire-ba.
Tooth-ache, «. Ha-itai, ha ga itai.
Tooth-brush, n. Yoji.
Tooth-dye, n. Haguro, kane.
Tooth-edge, n. Hagayui.
Tooth-forceps, n. Ha-nuki.
Toothless, a. Ha-naki.
Tooth-pick, n. Koyoji.
Tooth-powder, n. Ha-migaki.
Top, n. Itadaki, zetcho, uye, kashira.

Spinning — , koma. — of a carriage,

basha no horo.
Top, i. v. Sugureru, nukinderu, hiideru.
Toper, n. Sake-dzuki, sake-nomi.
Top-heavy, a. Atama-gachi na.
Tophet, n. Jigoku.
Topic, n. Tane, ii-gusa.
Topmost, a. Ichi-ban uye no.
Topknot, n. Maye-gami.
Topography, n. Fu-do-ki.
Topple, i. v. Ochiru.
Top-spinning, n. Koma-mawashi.
Topsy-turvy, adv. Sakasama, mucha-

kucha.
Torch, n. Taimatsu, te-bi. — lights

kagari-bi.

TOR

185

TRA

Torment, t. v. Semeru, kurushimeru,

kashaku sum, nayamera, nayamu.
Torment, n. Seme, kashaku, kurushimi.
ToRN,pret. Sakeru, yabureru, chigireru.
Tornado, n. Taifu, arashi, okaze.
Torpid, a. Shibireru, don-ni naru, mahi

suru, kikanu.
Torpor, n. Shibire, mahi, don.
Torrefy, t. v. Yaku,” kawakasu.
Torrent, n. Kiu-riu, hayase.
Torrid, a. Atsui, yakeru.
Tortoise, n. Kame.
Tortoise-shell, n. Bekko.
Tortuous, a. Magaru, unekuru, uneru.
Torture, t. v. Semeru, kurushimeru,

kashaku suru, goraon suru, sainamu.
Torture, n. Seme, kashaku, gomon.
Toss, t. v. Nageru, horu, yuru. — up,

nage-ageru.
Tossed, a. Yureru, tadayo.
Total, n. Tsugo, so-taka, shime, shime-

daka.
Total, a. Mina, mattaki, nokoradzu.
Totally, adv. Issai, mattaku, subete,

sappari, sukkari.
Totter, i. v. Hiyoro-hiyoro suru, hiyo-

rotsuku, yoromeku, yorobo, furatsuku,

gura-gura suru.
ToTTERiNGLY, adv. Yoro-yoro-to, hiyo-
ro-hiyoro to, gura-gura, furatsuite, yo-

toyota.
Touch, t. v. Ataru, fureru, sawaru, ka-

mau, kanjiru. To — at, yoru. To —

the heart kokoro ni tessuru, kokoro ni

kandzuru.
Touch, n. Te-atari, te-zawari.
Touch-hole, n. Kuwa-mon.
Touching, a. Itamashii, kanashii.
Touch-stone, n. Tsuke-ishi, tameshi-

ishi.
Tough, a. Katai, origatai, jobu na, tsu-

yoi, nebaru.
Toughness, n. Katasa, nebasa.
Tour, n. Mawari, yureki.
Tourniquet, it. Chi-tome dogu.
Tow, t. v. Hiku.
Toward, prep. Mukau, sasu, taishite,

tsuite.
Tow-boat, n. Hiki-fune.
Towel, n. Tenugui, fukin.
Tower, n. To. tai.
Tower, i. v. Hiideru, nukinderu.
Tow-line, n. Fune-hiki-nawa.
Town, «. Machi, joka, cho.
Town hall, n. Kuwai-sho.
Town officers, «. Cho-yaku.
Towns folk, n. Cho-nin.
Township, n. Kori.
Townsman, n. Cho-nin, do-sho.
Tow-path, n. Fune-hiki-michi.
Toy, n. Omoeha, mote-asobi.

Toyshop, n. Omocha-ya.

Trace, n. Ato, kata, atokata.

Trace, t. v. Kaku, hiku, suki-utsusu.

Trachea, n. Kikuwan.

Track, n. Ato, michi.

Track, t. v. Ato wo tsukeru, ato wo

shitau.
Trackless, a. Michi naki.
Tract, n. Tochi, tokoro.
Tractable, a. Otonashii, sunao na,

tsukai-yasui.
Trade, n. Akinai, koyeki, baibai sho-

bai, urikai, tori-hiki, boyeki. — is dull y

akinai fukeiki da.
Trade, i. v. Akinau, indari wo suru.
Trade-mark, n. Fucho.
Trader, n. Akindo, akibito, shonin.
Trade price, n. Soba.
Trades’ union, n. Shokunin no kumi-

ai, nakama.
Tradition, n. Tsutaye, dempo, kuden,

ii-tsutaye, den. Secret — , hi-den.

Come down by — , den-rai.
Traditional, a. Tsutayeru, den-rai. —

receipt, dem-po. — doctri?ies, dem-po.
Traduce, t. v. Soshiru, hi-ho suru, zan-

gen suru, waruku iu.
Traffic, n.^ Akinai, koyeki, baibai, sho-

bai, urikai.
Traffic, i. v. Akinau, koyeki wo suru.
Trail, n. Ato, ashi-ato.
Trail, t. v. Hiki-dzuru.
Train, z. v. Keiko suru, oshiyeru, nara-

su, kiyokun suru, sodateru. — up, shi-

tsukeru. To — young trees, uyeki wo

tsukeru. To — a gun, taiho wo nerau.
Train, n. Dozei, giyo-retsu.
Training, a. Kei-ko, narai, sodachi.
Traitor, n. Muhon-nin, hongiyaku-

nin, giyaku-nin, giyaku-shin, gij^aku-

zoku, cho-teki, uragiri.
Traitorous, a. Aku giyaku na, bo-gi-

yaku na, fuchiu na.
Tramp, t. v. Fumu, fumi-tsukeru.
Trample, t. v. Fumu, fumi-tsukeru. —

to death, fumi-korosu.
Trance, n. Muchiu, utsutsu, maboro-

shi.
Tranquil, a. Odayaka na, shidzuka na,

taira-na, annon na, ochi-tsuku, heiki.
Tranquilize, /. v. Osameru, shidzume-

ru, tairageru, heiji suru, ochi-tsukeru,

otoshi-tsukeru, anbu suru.
Tranquility, a. Anshin, ando, odayaka,

hei-an.
Transact, t. v. Tori-atsukau, atsukau,

suru, tori-hakarau, hakarau.
Transaction, n. Tori-atsukai, koto, ) r o-

shi.
Transcend, z. v. Sugiru, masaru, koyc-

ru.

TRA

186

TRE

Transcendent, n. Suguretaru, nukinde-

taru, hiidetaru, bakkuu-na.
Transcribe, t. v. Utsusu, kaki-utsusu,

kaki-toru.
Transcriber, n. Kaki-toru hito.
Transcript, n. Utsushi, kaki-tori.
Transfer, t. v. Utsuru, utsusu, watasu,

hakobu.
Transfer, n. Utsushi, hakobi, watashi.
Transfigure, t. v. Hendzuru, hengeru,

kavvaru, henkuwa suru.
Transfix, t. v. Tsuki-tosu.
Transform, t. v. Hendzuru, kawaru,

henge suru, bakeru, henkuwa suru.
Transformation, n. Henkuwa.
Transfuse, /. v. Utsusu.
Transgress, t. v. Somuku, yaburu, oka-

su.
Transgression, n. Tsumi, zai, toga.
Transgressor, n. Zai-nin, tsurni-bito,

toga-nin.
Transship, t. v. Funa-ni wo utsuru.
Transshipment, n. Ni no utsushi, utsu-
shi.
Transient, a. Kari-no, karisome naru,

zanji no. — sleep, kari-ne.
Transit, n. Watari, hakobi.
Transition, n. Kawari, utsuri, hen.
Transitory, a. Mujo, tsune-naranu, sa-

dame-naki.
Translate, /. v. Hon-yaku suru, naosu,

yaku suru.
Translucent, a. Mi-tosu, suki-tosu.
Transmigrate, t. v. Umare kawaru, ru-

ten suru.
Transmigration, n. Rinye, rinden, ru-

ten.
Transmission, n. Hakobu koto, watasu

koto, unso.
Transmit, t. v. Yaru, okuru, watasu,

tsutayeru, tsudzuru, unso suru.
Transmute, t. v. Hendzuru, hengeru,

kawaru.
Transparent, a. Mi-tosu, miyesuku,

suki-tosu.
Transpire, i. v. Moreru, arawareru, ro-

ken suru.
Transplant, t. v. Utsuhite uyeru, utsu-
su, utsushi-uyeru, uye-kayeru.
Transport, t. v. Hakobu, mochi-hako-

bu, unso suru, kiyetsu suru. — a crim-
inal, shima ye nagasu, yento suru, na-

gasu, ruzai suru.
Transpose, t. v. Oki-kayeru, ire-kaye-

ru.
Transude, z*. v. Shimi-tosu.
Transverse, n. Yoko no, yokogiru, yo-

kotawaru, yokotayeru.
Transversely, adv. Yoko ni.
Trap, n. Wana, otoshi, hago, kobuchi.
Trap, t. v. Wana de toru, toru.

! Trap-door, n. Age-buta.
Trappings, //. Kazari, shozoku.
Trash, u. Kudzu.

Travail, n. Hone-ori, kuro, ro, san su-
ru. Severe — , nan-san. Easy — , an-
zan.

Travel, i. v. Aruku, tabi suru, yureki
suru, hen-reki suru, hemeguru, riyoko
suru.

Travel, n. Tabi.

Traveler, n. Tabi-bito, riyokaku, riyo-
jin.

Traveling-bag, n. Gassai-bukuro. —
expenses, riyo-yo.

Traverse, adv. Yoko-ni.

Traverse, t. v. Yureki suru, henreki su-
ru, mawaru, yekotayeru.

Tray, n. Bon.

Treacherous, a. Uragayeru, hongiyaku
na, futagokoro no. — servant, giyaku-
shin.

Treachery, n. Ya-shin, giyaku-i, han-
kan.

Treacle, n. Sato-mitsu.

Tread, t. v. Fumu, aruku, fumayeru.
— on, fumi-tsukeru. — on and kill,
fumi-korosu. — on and break, fumi-
kudaku, fumi-tsubusu. Cause to — , fu-
maseru. To — on and harden, fumi-
katamcru. — on and level, fumi-nara-
su. — on and t/irozu down, fumi-taosu.

Treadle, n. Fumi-gi.

Treadmill, n. Fumi-guruma.

Treason, n. Ya-shin, futa-gokoro, giya-
ku-i, hankan.

Treasure, n. Takara, zai-ho.

Treasure, t. v. Takuwaycru, tsumu,
atsumeru.

Treasurer, n. Kanjo-kata.

Treasury, n. Kane-gura — depart-
ment, okura-sho.

Treat, t. v. Motenasu, ashirau, atsukau,
tori-atsukau, rondzuru, noberu. — dis-
ease, riyoji suru.

Treatise, n. Kari-mono, hon.

Treatment, n. Shi-muke, shi-uchi, to-
ri-atsukai, ashirai. Medical — , riyo-
ji. Internal — , nai-fuku. External —
guwaiyd.

Treaty, n. Jo-yaku, yaku-jo.

Treble, a. Sam-bai, san sobai.

Treble, t. v. Sam-bai ni suru.

Tree, «. Ki,jumoku.

Tree-frog, n. Ama-gayeru.

Trefoil, n. Uma-koyashi.

Trellis-work, n. Koshi.

Tremble, i. v. Furu, wananaku, onono-
ku, zoku-zoku suru, doburui, senritsu
suru.

Tremblingly, adv. Buru-buru, wana-
wana.

TRE

l8 7

TUM

Tremendous, a. Tsuyoi, hanahadashii,

osoroshii.
Tremulous, a. Furuyeru. — voice, fu-

regoye.
Trench, n. Mizo, dobu.
Trend, i, v. Mukau, omomuku. _
Trepidation, n. Furui, wananaki.
Trespass, t. %>. Tsumi wo okasu, odatsu

wo suru, yokodori wo sum, somuku.
Trespass, n. Tsumi, toga, zai.
Trestle, n. Dai.
Trial, n. Kokoro-mi, tameshi, gimmi,

sainan, nangi.
Triangle, n. San-kaku.
Tribe, n. Zoku.
Tribulation, n. Sai-nan, nangi, waza-

wai, nanju.
Tribunal, n. Shirasu, sai-ban-sho.
Tributary, a. Zoku suru.
Tribute, n. Mitsugi, zci, unjo, nengu.
Trick, n. Tedate, hoben, takumi, jodan,

tawamure, tedzuma, kuse.
Trica:, t. v. Damasu, taburakasu, aza-

muku, chakasu, fudzuku.
Trickle, z”. v. Tareru, shitataru, jita-jita

suru.
Trifle, i, v. Tawamureru, jodan su-
ru.
Trifling, a. Wadzuka, sho-sho, karu-

garushii, isasaka.
Trigger, ji. Hiki-gane.
Trim, t. v. \>soo, kazaru, tsukurou, tsu-

kuru, chan-to suru, kiri-naosu. — the j

sails, ho wo hiki-naosu. — a tree, mu- |

da no yeda wo kiri-otosu, ki no yeda wo

kitte katachi wo naosu, karu.
Trinket, n. Kazari-mono.
Trip, i. v. Tsumadzuku, fumi-hadzusu.

— up another, komata wo toru, kawa-

dzu wo kakeru.
Triplets, n. Mitsugo, miko.
Tripod, n. Mitsu-ashi, gotoku, mitsuga-

nawa.
Triturate, t. v. Suri-kudaku, konasu,

suri-tsubusu.
Triumph, n. Kachi, yorokobi, shori.

Shout of — , kachidoki. To cel&rate a

— , kachi wo iwau. Song of — , gaika.
Triumph, i. v. Katsu, kachi-hokoru,

shori wo yeru.
Triumphant, a. Kachi wo totte yoroko-

bu. — counte)iance, dekashigao. —

song, gaika.
Trivial, a. Wadzuka naru, sho-sho, sa-

sai.
Trocar, n. To-kuwan-shin.
Troou< n. Kumi, hei-sotsu.
Troop, z. v. Atsumaru, muragaru.
Trophy, n. Bundori.
Trot, n. Jinori. To — , jinori suru.
Trouble, n. Shimpai, kuro, kidzukai,

kokorodzukai, meiwaku. With 7>iuch

— , sekkaku.
Trouble, t. v. Komaraseru, meiwaku

saseru, wadzurawasu.
Troubled, a. Komaru, meiwaku suru.
Troublesome, a. Urusai, mendo no, wa-

dzurawashii.
Trough, n. Toi, toyu.
Trout, n. Yamame.
Trowel, n. Kote.
Trowsers, n. Momohiki, hakama, pat-

chi, dzubon, dambukuro.
Truant, n. Keikowo suteteasobu mono,

bussei na mono.
Truce, n. Tatakai no yasumi no aida.
Truckle, z. v. Tsuisho suru.
Trudge, z. v. Aruku.
True, a. Makoto, jitsu, honto, shinjitsu,

ma. — or false, jippu, kiyo-jitsu.
Truly, adv. Makoto ni, jitsu-ni, hon-ni,

honto, ge-ni-mo, ari-no-mama ni.
Trumpery, ?z. Muda no kazari mono.
Trumpet, n. Rappa, charumeru.
Trumpet-shell, n. Hora.
Trumpeter, n. Charumera-fuki, rappa-

fuki.
Trunk, n. Hako, hitsu, do. {of a tree),

miki. {of an elephant), hana.
Trust, z v. Shindzuru, shinko suru,

shinyo suru, tayoru, tanomu, makaseru,

adzukeru. To sell on — , kake-uri wo su-
ru. To buy 071 — , kake-gai wo suru.
Trustee, n. Adzukari-nin, sewa-nin.
Trustworthy, a. Shinko sareru, sinze-

rareru, shojiki na, shikkari-to shita.
Trusty, a. Shinko sareru, shojiki, chi-

ugi na.
Truth, n. Makoto, jitsu, honto, arisama.
Truthful, a. Tadashii, shojiki na, uso

iuwanu.
Truthfully, adv. Tadashiku, itsuwari-

naku, massugu-ni, aritei-ni.
Try, t. v. Tamesu, kokoro-miru, sabaku,

saiban suru, tadasu, gimmi suru.
Tub, n. Oke. Bathing — , furo.
Tube, n. Kuda, tsutsu.
Tuck, n. Age.
Tuck, t. v. — tip, hashoru, tsumeru, age

wo suru, makuru.
Tuesday, n. Kuwa-yobi.
Tuft, n. Fusa.
Tug, t. v. Hiku, hone wo oru.
Tug, n. Hiki-fune.
Tuition, n. Oshiye. Price of — , rei-

kin, kiyo-ju riyo.
Tumble, t. v. Taoreru, korobu, ochiru,

kokeru. — fro7>i a horse, raku-ba.
Tumble, t. v. Iri-majiru, konzatsu su-
ru.
Tumbler, n. Kakube-jishi, midzu-no-

mi.

TUM

TYR

Tumefy, i. v. Harcru.

Tumid, a. Hareru, fukureru.

Tumor, a. Katamari, kobu, funriu.

Tumult, «. Sawagi, sodo, midare, ran.

Tumultuous, a. Sawagashii, sozoshii, ya-
kamashi, midareru, hishimeku, kama-
bisushi.

Tune, n. Choshi, uta. To put in — ,
choshi-wo avvaseru.

Tune, /. v. Choshi wo awaseru.

Tunnel, n. Ji no shita no kayoi mi-
chi.

Tunny-fish, n. Iruka.

Turban, n. Dzukin, hachi-maki.

Turbid, a. Nigoru, nigosu.

Turbulent, a. Sawagashii, zomeku.

Turf, n. Sukumo, ma-tsuchi.

Turgid, a. Hareru.

Turkey, n. Cho-sei ch6.

Turmoil, n. Kuro, sodo, sawagi.

Turn, t. v. Mawasu, megurasu, kuru,
mawaru, meguru, kayeru, furi-kayeru,
kawaru, hendzuru, bakeru. — inside
out, ura-gayesu. — off, or away, hima
wo dasu, shikujiru, yokeru, hachi ni
suru. — back, kayeru, modoru. —
do7vn, ori-kayesu. — out, oshi-dasu,
oi-dasu, oi-harau. — over, watasu,
yudzuru, fuseru, kayesu, haguru. —
the back, ushiro wo miseru. — loose,
hanasu. — and face, furi-muku. —
away from, furi-tsukeru, misuteru. —
bottom up, fuseru, hikkuri – kayesu,
utsumukeru. To — the stomach, mu-
kadzuku. To — the tables on, ka-
yeri-uchi wo suru. To — to advantage,
yodataseru.

Turn, n. Mawari, meguri, kawari, jun,
ban. By turns, jumban-ni, junguri-ni,
kawaru-gawaru, kotai.

Turnip, n. Kabura.

Turpentine, n. Matsu-yani.

Turtle, n. Kame.

Turtle-dove, n. Hato.

Tusk, n. Kiba.

Tutelary god, n. Ubusuna.

Tutor, n. Shisho.

Twain, n. Futatsu, riyo. Cut in — ,
futatsu ni kiru.

Tweezers, n. Kenuki.

Twelfth, a. Ju-ni-ban. — -month, ju-
ni-gatsu. One — , ju-ni-bu ichi.

Twelve, n. Ju-ni. — per cent, ichi
wari ni bu.

Twentieth, a. Ni-ju-ban. — day of

the month, hatsuka. One — , ni-ju-bu

ichi.
Twenty, a. Ni-ju. — years, hatachi.

— per cent., ni-wari.
Twentv-fold, a. Niju-bai, nijissobai,

hataye.
Twice, a. Ni-do, futa-tabi. — as much,

bai, ni sobai.
Twig, ji. Koyeda, kodzuye.
Twilight, n. Tazokare, higure, yugurc,

usugurai.
Twine, n. Ito, hoso-nawa.
Twine, /. v. Mato, karamu, matoi-tsuku,

karami-tsuku.
Twinkle, i. v. Kirameku, kiratsuku,

matataku.
Twinkling, a. Kirameku, matataku na.
Twins, n. Futago.
TWIRL, /. v. Mawasu, hineru.
TWIRLING, a. Mawaru, mawatte oru,

hinekun-mawasu.
Tw 1ST, t. v. Yoru, hineru, nejiru, nau,

motorakasu.
Twit, t. v. Togameru.
Twitch, i. v. Hiku, tsuru, bikutsuku,

hikumeku.
Twitter, /. v. Sayedzuru.
Two, a. Futatsu, ni, riyo. — by two,

futatsu dzutsu. — or three men, riyo-

san nin. One or — days, ichi riyo-

nichi. — swords, riyo-to. To cut in

— , futatsu ni kiru.
Two-edged, a. Riyo-ha.
Two feet, n. Riyo-soku.
Twofold, a. Ni-so bai, bai.
Two hands, n. Riyo-te.
Two-ply, n. Futa-ye.
Two-sided, a. Riyo-tan.
Two sides, n. Riyo-ho, riyo-men.
Two-tongued, a. Riyo zetsu.
Two versions, n. Riyo-setsu.
Two ways, n. Riyo-yo.
Tympanum, n. Ko-maku.
Type, n. Shirushi, tachi. Printing — ,

kuwatsu-ji.
Typhoon, n. Taifu, bofu.
Typify, /. v. Nazorayeru.
Tyrannical, a. Bogiyaku na, mugoi,

kakoku. — laws, kaho.
Tyranny, n. Hido no seiji.
Tyrannize, /. v. Muri ni shihai suru,

hido ni seiji wo suru.
Tyrant, n. Hido ni seiji wo suru hito.
Tyro, n. Shogaku, shoshin, mijuku.

UBI

1S9

UNB

u

Ubiquity, n. Imasazaru tokoro nashi.

Udder, n. Chi-busa, ‘niu-bo.

Ugly, a. Mi-nikui, nikui, kilanai, buki-
riyo na, mitomonai.

Ulcer, n. Dcki-mono.

Ulcerate, i. v. No-kuwai suru.

Ulceration, n. No-kuwai suru koto.

Ulna, n. Sei-chiu-kotsu.

Ultimate, a. Owari no, shimal no. —
object or end, tsumari. The — end of
labor is ease, hone-ori no tsumari wa
anraku da.

Ultimately, adv. Hate-ni, tsui-ni, su-
ye, tsumari, ageku-ni, shimai ni, hata-
shite.

Ultimatum, n. Kagiri, kiwamari.

Ultra, a. Do ni sigiru, nori wo koye-
ru.

Umbilicus, n. Heso, hozo, sai.

Umbrage, n. To give — , fu-kuwai ni
suru, kigen wo sokonau.

Umbrageous, a. Kage no oki, shigeri-
taru.

Umbrella, n. Amagasa, kara-kasa. —
case, kasa-bukuro. — maker, kasa-
hari.

Umpire, n. Giyd-ji, chiu-nin.

Un, Words commencing ivith the nega-
tive prefix, un, are formed in Japan-
ese by suffixing the negative particles,
dzu, nu, zaru, nai, masen, de, ji, and
mai, also by prefixing, fu, mu, and bu.

Unable, a. Dekinu, atawadzu ; Also the
negative potential form of the verb,
as, unable to hear, kikoyenu ; — to
ivalk, arukarenu ; — to manage it, tori-
atsukavvarenu ; — to make him hear,
kikoye-saserarenu. — to send it back,
kayesarenu.

Unacceptable, a. Ki ni iranu, kokoro
ni kanawanu.

Unaccompanied, a. Tomo nashi, tsure
nashi.

Unaccomplished, a. Shi-togenu, deki-
agenu, mu-gei na, mu-no na.

Unaccountable, a. Hakari-gatai, waka-
ranu, kakari-awanu.

Unaccustomed, a. Narenu. — to seeing,
minarenu. — to hearing, kiki-narenu.
— to ivearing, ki-narenu. — to liviiig
in, i-narenu.

Unacquainted, a. Shiranu, zonji-masen,
mishiranu, fu-annai.

Unadulterated, a. Maze-mono ga nai,
junsui na.

Unadvisable, a. Yoroshikaranu.
Unadvisedly, adv. Kamben* naku, mi-

dari-ni.
Unaffected, a. Tori-tsukuroi naki,

shinjitsu naru.
Unallowable, a. Yurusarenu.
Unalloyed, a. Maze-mono naki, man-

zoku na.
Unalterable, a. Kawaranu, henzenu,

fubatsu.
Unambiguous, a. Akiraka naru, utaga-

washi-karanu.
Unamiable, a. Yasashikaranu, onjun

naranu, sunao naranu.
Unanimous, a. Do-shin, itchi suru,

do-i.
Unanswerable, a. Ii-kayesarenu, ara-

sowarenu, ronzerarenu.
Unanticipated, a. Omoigakenai, zonji-

yoranu, futo, zon-guwai.
Unapproachable, a. Yori-tsukarenu,

chikadzukarenu.
Unapt, a. Heta, bukiyo, busaiku.
Unarmed, a. Sude no, marugoshi no,

mu-to no, dakken naru.
Unasked, a. Negawadzu ni, tanomadzu

ni.
Unassorted, a. Wakedzu ni aru.
Unassuming, a. Jiman senu, yenriyo

naru, kenson naru.
Unattainable, a. Oyobanu, todokanu,

yerarenu, itaranu.
Unauthentic, a. Honto-naki, jitsu na-
ranu, fushin na.
Unavailable, a. Yo-ni-tatanu, muda

ni naru, munashii.
Unavenged, a. Mukuidzu, kayesadzu,

kataki wo utadzu, hozedzu.
Unavoidable, a. Yondokoro-nai, yamu

koto wo yedzu, senkata nashi, shikata

ga nai.
Unawares, adv. Omoi-gake-naku, omoi

yoradzu, futo, dashi-nuke-ni.
Unbalanced, a. Fu-tsuriai, tsuri-awa

nu.
Unbearable, a. Korayerarenu, tayera-

renu, shinobarenu, shimbo dekinu.
Unbecoming, a. Niawanu, utsuranu,

kanawanu, fuso-6-na, fu-niai, hibun na,

masanai.
Unbelief, n. Bu-shin-jin, fu-shinko.
Unbelieving, a. Shinko senu, shinzenu,

makoto to omowanu, bu-shinjin.
Unbend, t. v. Yurumeru, kutsurogeru,

yasumeru.

UNB

190

UND

Unbiased, a. Katayoranu, hedate-naki,

hiiki sedzu.
Unbidden, a. Yobadzu ni, manekadzu

ni.
Unblamable, a. Mushitsu, toga-naki,

tsumi nashi.
Unblemished, a. Kidzu nashi, kegare

nashi, kake-me nashi.
Unblushing, a. Haji-shiranu, atsuka-

wadzura no, buyenriyo na.
Unbolt, t. v. Hiraku, akeru.
Unborn, n. Mada umanu.
Unbosom, i. v. Uchi-akeru, akasu.
Unbound, a. Shibara-nai. — of books,

hiyoshi no nai.
Unbounded, a. Kagiri nashi.
Unbroken, a. Tagawanu, hadzurenu,

mattaki, ara.
Unbuckle, t. v. Hadzusu.
Unburden, /. v. Omo-ni wo orosu, fune

no ni wo utsu, uchi-akeru.
Unbutton, t. v. Hadzusu.
Uncalculable, a. Kazoyerarenu.
Uncalled, a. Yobadzu, manekadzu.
Uncancelled, a. Kiyenu, yamanu, su-

manu, harawanu.
Uncase, /. v. Tsutsumi wo akeru, or,

toku.
Uncaused, a, Shizen, onodzu-to, ono-

dzukara.
Unceasing, a. Tayedzu, toshi, tsudzuku,

ma mo naki, tayema naki, yasumadzu.
Unceasingly, adv. Tayedzu-ni, ma mo

naku, toshite, tsudzuite.
Unceremonious, a. Rei ni kakawaranu,

yenriyo naki.
Uncertain, a. Obotsuka-nai, tashika-

naradzu, sadamaranu, fujo.
Unchain, t. v. Kusari wo toku, hanatsu.
Unchained, a. Kusari ga tokeru.
Unchangeable, a. Kawararenu, henze-

nu, fubatsu.
Unchanging, a. Kawaranu.
Uncharitable, n. Omoi-yari naki, awa-

remi naki.
Unchristian, a. Iesu no michi ni ka-

nawanu.
Uncivil, a. Aiso-mo-nai, burei na, sok-

kenai, buaiso no.
Uncivilized, a. Hirakenu, fu-kai-kuwa.
Unclarified, a. Sumanu.
Unclasp, t. v. Tome wo hadzusu.
Uncle, n. Oji, oji-san.
Unclean, a. Kegareru, yogoreru, kita-

nai, fujo, oye, fuketsu na.
Unclose, t. v. Akeru, hiraku.
Unclothe, t. v. Kimono wo nugu.
Unclouded, n. Kumoranu, kareta.
Uncoil, t. v. Toku.
Uncolored, a. Nuranu, somenu, iro

naki.

Uncombed, a. Tokanu.
Uncomfortable, a. Ki ni kanawanu, fu-

jiyQ.
Uncommon, a. Medzurashii, marc-na,

hijo na, mu-rui na, kitai na, koto no

hoka.
Uncompromising, a. Kataku na, ganko

na.
Unconcern, n. Kokoro-gake naki koto,

kankei senu koto.
Unconcerned, a. Kamawanu, tonjaku

senu, ki ni kakenu, kokoro-gake nai,

nome-nome to.
Unconditionally, adv. Joyaku nashi ni.
Unconscionable, a. Muri no, dori ni

somuku.
Unconscious, a. Oboye nashi, shiranu,

oboyenu, shone nashi.
Unconsi’icuous, a. Midate no nai, miba

ga nai.
Unconstitutional, a. Koku-ho n; awa-

nu.
Unconstrainedly, adv. Jiyu-ni, ji-zai

ni, katte-ni.
Uncontrolable, n. Hikayerarenu, osa-

merarenu, osayerarenu.
Uncork, t. v. Kuchi wo nuku, kuchi wo

akeru.
Uncourteous, a. Rurei na, busaho na,

ais naki, buashirai na, sokkenai.
Uncouth, a. Bukotsu na, yabo na.
Uncover, /. v. Arawasu, akeru, hiraku,

hagureru, haguru. — the head, kabu-

rimono wo toru. — a house, yane wo

toru.
Uncreated, a. Shizen, tsukuranu.
Unctuous, a. Aburake ga aru.
Uncultivated, a. Tagayesanu, tsuku-
ranu.
Uncurl, t. v. Nejire wo nobasu.
Uncurrent, a. Tsuyo senu, toranu, fu-

tsu.
Undaunted, a. Odosarenu, isamashii.
Undecayed, a. Otoroyenu, yowaranu,

kuchinu.
Undecaying, a. Fukiu naru.
Undeceive, t. v. Mayoi wo toku.
Undecided, a. Tori-kimari naki, sada-
maranu, ket-chaku senu.
Undecisive, a. Shobu nashi.
Undefiled, a. Kegarenu, isagiyoi.
Undefined, a. Tokenu, sadamaranu,

kimaranu.
Undeniable, a. Ii-kesarenu, utagawanu.
Under, prep. Shita, uchi. Will not sell

under five dollars, go-doru no uchi de

wa urimasen. Under fifty years old,

go jissai no uchi. To be — fire, tama

saki ni mukau.
Under-clothes, n. Shita-gi.
Under-done, a. Nama-yake.

UND

I 9 I

UNF

Undergo, t. v. Au, ukeru. This mean-
ing is included in the intrans. form
of the verb ; as, Tsukareru, to under-
go, or stijfer fatigue. Itamu, to un-
dergo, or feel pai7i.

Under-hand, adv. Naisho, hisoka ni.

Undermine, t. v. Shita wo horu.

Undermost, a. Ichiban shita, goku
shita.

Underneath, a. Shita.

Underrate, t. v. Kenasu, mi-sageru.

Undersell, /. v. Yasuku uru.

Understand, /. v. Wakaru, geseru, sa-
toru, yetoku suru, gaten sum, nomi-
komu.

Understanding, n. Chiye, riyoken, fum-
betsu, wakimaye. Without — , ganze-
nai.

Undertake, t. v. Hiki-ukeru, ukeau,
uke-komu, uke-hiku.

Undertaker, n. Shi-do-ka.

Undertaking, n. Koto, waza, shigo-
to. I

Undervalue, t. v. _ Kenasu, mi-sageru,
karondzuru, iyashimeru.

Underwork, t. v. Shigoto wo yasuku
suru.

Underwriter, n. Ukeai-nin.

Undeserving, a. Taranu, kuwabun, mi
ni amaru. — of praise, homeru ni
taranu. — of reward, hobi wo yaru
ni taranu.

Undesignedly, adv. Kokoro naku, futo,
nani ge naku, tsui.

Undesirable, a. Hoshiku nai, konoma-
nai.

Undetermined, a. Sadamaranu, kiwa-
maranu, ketchaku senu.

Undevout, a. Bu-shinjin.

Undiminished, a. Heranu, otoroyenu.

Undiscernible, a. Miyenu.

Undiscerning, a, Waki-mayenu, waka-
ranu.

Undisciplined, a. Tori-shimari naki,
mijuku na, tanren senu.

Undo, i. v. Hadzusu, tori-hadzusu, ho-
doku, hiraku, akeru. toku.

Undone, i. v. Hadzureru, hodokeru,
tokeru, aita, hiraita.

Undoubted, n. Utagai naki, moshi-bun
nashi, tashika naru.

Undress, n. Fudan-gi.

Undressed, a. Hadaka-naru, kimono
nashi, kimono wo nuite iru.

Undried, a. Kawakanu, hinu, nurete
iru, shimette iru. — ‘wood, nama-ki.

Undrinkable, a. Nomarenu.

Undue, a. Sugiru, amaru, hodo ni su-
giru, hibun.

Undulate, i. v. Uneru, niyoki-niyoki
to, niyoro-niyoro to.

Undutious, a. Fu-ko naru, shitagawa –

nu, fuchiu na.
Undying, a. Shinanu.
Uneasy, a. Fu-anshin, anjiru, ochi-tsu-

kanu, shidzumaranu, yasumaranu.
Uneatable, a. Taberarenu, kuwarenu.
Unembarrassed, a. Sashi-tsukaye ga

nai, sawari nashi.
Unemployed, a. Yd no nai, yoji ga nai,

hima na, hima ga aru, hatarakanu,

asonde iru.
Unengaged, a. Yakusoku nashi, yoji

nashi.
Unequal, a. Sorowanu, fu-soroi na, fu-

do na, onajiku nai, taranu, todokanu,

tsuri-awanu.
Unequaled, a. Buso na, tagui nashi,

narabi naki.
Unequivocal, a. Utagai nai, akiraka

naru.
Unerring, a. Machigawanu, ayamari

naki, tashika naru.
Unessential, a. Taisetsu ni nai, omoku

nai.
Uneven, a. Sorowanu, fu-soroi, tairaka

naranu, fu-tsuriai, doku-boku.
Unexampled, a. Tagui nashi, tameshi

naki, narabi naki.
Unexceptionable, a. Moshi-bun nashi,

ii-bun nashi.
Unexhausted, a. Tsukinu, tsukusarenu,

kivvamerarenu.
Unexpected, a. Fui no, futo, omoi-yo-

ranu, omoi-gakenai, zonji-yoranu, hi-

yoi to.
Unexplored, a. Shirabenu, mi-todoke-

nu, shiranu.
Unextinguishable, a. Kiyenu, kesa-

renu.
Unfading, a. Samenu, hagenu, kawa-

ranu, ochinu.
Unfailing, a. Tsukinu, naku-naranu,

otoroyenu, tayenu, tagawanu
Unfair, a. Tadashikaranu, fu-shojiki-

na, muri na, fu-sho na.
Unfaithful, a. Fu-chiu na, fu-jitsu na,

fugi na, jitsu no nai, futagokoro.
Unfamiliar, a. Narenu, najimanu.
Unfashionable, a. Ha^^aranu, toki ni

awanu, riuko senu.
Unfasten, t. v. Akeru, hiraku, toku,

hadzusu.
Unfathomable, a. Fukasa ga hakara-

renu.
Unfavorable, a. Kanawanu, tame ni

naranu, awanu.
Unfeeling, a. Nasake no nai, omoi-

yaranu, mugoi.
Unfeigned, a. Nise de nai, uso de nai,

itsuwaranu, jitsu na, honto na.
Unfilial, a. Fu-ko no.

UNF

192

UNM

Unfinished, a. Sumanu, deki-agaranu,

joju-senu, togenu, shimawanu.
Unfit, /. v. Awanu, kanavvanu, futsugo,

niawanu.
Unfix, I. v. Hadzusu.
Unflagging, a. Tsukarenu, yowaranu,

otoroyenu.
Unfold, a. Hirogeru, arawasu, kikaseru.
Unforgiving, a. Yurusanu, yosha naki,

kamben naki, jihi naki.
Unfortunate, a. Fu-shiawase, fu-un,

fu-ko.
Unfounded, a. Motoi naki, ne naki, ku

nam, munashiki.
Unfriendly, a. Naka ga warui, mutsu-

majiku nai, fu-tsuki-ai.
Unfruitful, a. Yutaka naranu, mi-no-

ranu. — year, kiyo-nen. — soil, yase-

tsuchi.
Unfurl, t. v. Ho wo ageru, ho wo ka-

keru, ho wo sagcru.
Unfurnished, a. Dogu nashi, kazai na-

shi.
Ungainly, a. Mi-gurushii, minikui, bu-

kotsu na.
Ungenteel, a. Bukotsu na, buiki na,

yabo na, busaho na.
Ungodly, a. Kami wo uyamawanu.
Ungovernable, a. Te ni awanu, te

amaru.
Ungraceful, a. Busaho na, bukotsu

na, sobo na.
Ungracious, a. Fu-shinsetsu na, nengo-

ro naki.
Ungrateful, a. Arigataki wo shiranu,

on wo shiranu.
Ungrudgingly, adv. Oshige mo naku.
Unguent, n. Koyaku.
Unhandy, a. Heta, fu-tegiwa, tsutanai,

bukiyo, fu-benri, fu-tsugd.
Unhappily, adv. Fushiawase ni, fu-ko

ni shite.
Unhappy, a. Tanoshimi nashi, ajikinai,

fu-anshin, fu-kitsu, fu-shiawase.
Unhealthy, a. Yojo no tame ni nara-
nu.
Unheard, a. Kikanu, kikoyenu, hiyo-

ban no nai.
Unhinge, t. v. Hadzusu, chotsugai wo

hadzusu.
Unhook, i. v. Kagi wo hadzusu.
Unhitch, t. v. Hadzusu.
Unhorse, t. v. Rakuba saseru, uma yo-

ri otosu. »

Unicorn, n. Kirin.
Uniform, a. Doyo, onaji, sorote oru.
Unimpaired, a. Otoroyenu, yowaranu.
Unimportant, a. Taisetsu ni nai, daiji

nai, omoku nai, kamawanu.
Uninhabited, a. Sumu hito nashi, hito

nashi. — house, aki-ya, aki-dana.

Unintentionally, adv. Kokoro naku,

nani gc-naku, nani-gokoro naku, waza

to de-nai.
Uninteresting, a. Omoshiroku nai.
Unintermitting, a. Tayedzu, tsudzuku.

ma mo nai, tayema naku, yamedzu.
Union, n. Mutsumajii, shitashimi, chi-

giri.
Unique, a. Buso na, narabi naki, mu-

rui na.
Unison, n. Choshi.
Unit, n. Hitotsu, ichi.
Unite, t. v. Awaseru, gassuru, au, ku-

wa suru, soyeru. — in marriage, hai-

gu suru.
Unitedly, adv. Awasete, sorote.
Unity, n. Hitotsu naru koto, ichi-mi,

ichi~yo.
Universal, a. Amaneku no, itto no,

ippan no.
Universe, n. Arayuru mono, ten-chi

ban-butsu.
University, n. Dai-gakko.
Unjust, a. Fu-gi, fu-suji, hido, muri,

higi, mutai.
Unjl stly, adv. Muri ni, mutai ni.
Unkind, a. Nasake no nai, fu-shinsetsu

na, fu-jin-na.
Unlace, t. v. Toku, himo wo toku.
Unlade, /. v. Ni wo orosu, midzu-age

wo suru.
Unlawful, a. Fu-ho na, go hatto ni

somuku, okite ni somuku, fu-niyo-

ho.
Unlearned, a. Mugaku no, mommo na.
Unless, conj. Moshi. Also formed by

the neg. conj. suffix, zareba, or neba,

as, unless you eat you will die, tabene-

ba shinimasu. — ive take a boat we

cannot go, fune ni noraneba yukarenu.

— you believe you cannot be saved,

shinko seneba tasukarenu.
Unlicensed, a. Kabu ga nai, yurusadzu,

menkiyo nashi.
Unlike, a. Chigau, kotonaru, ninu, ona-

jikaranu, fudo na, onajiku nai, kawaru,

kotokawaru, tagau, nigenai.
Unlikely, a. Ari-so mo nai.
Unlimited, a. Kagiri nashi, kiwamara-

nu, kiri ga nai.
Unload, t. v. Ni wo orosu. — a gun,

teppo no tama wo toru.
Unlock, t. v. Jo wo akeru.
Unloose, /. v. Hanatsu, toku, yurusu :
Unlucky, a. Fukitsu na, kiyo na, fushi-
awase, warui, fu-un.
Unman, t. v. Oku saseru, ki wo yowaku

suru.
Unmanageable, a. Te ni awanu, te ni

amaru. Ship is — , fune ga kaji ni

awanu.

UNM

193

UNS

Unmanly, adv. Otoko-rashiku nai, iya-

shfki, okubiyo na.
Unmannerly, a. Bu-rei, shitsu-rei na.
Unmarried, a. Yome ni ikanu, teishu

motanu.
Unmarriageable, a. Yome ni ikarenu.
Unmask, t. v. Uchi-akeru.
Unmeaning, a. Imi naki, kokoro na-

ki.
Unmerciful, a. Awaremi nashi, fu-bin

no nai, nasake nashi.
Unmerited, a. Ta-ranu, kuwabun.
Unmindful, a. Ki ga tsukanu, omowa-

nu.
Unmistakable, a. Machigayerarenu,

ichi-jirushi, meihaku na.
Unmolested, a. Kamawarenu, tonjaku

nashi.
Unmovable, a. Ugokarenu, ugokasa-

renu.
Unnatural, a. Arumajiki, dori de nai,

hido na, hijo nam.
Unnaturally, adv. Michi ni somuite,

hijo ni, hi-do ni.
Unnecessary, a. Oyobanu, yd ni tata-

nu, muda.
Unneighborly, adv. Tonari no shita-

shimi kashi-ni, fu-shinsetsu ni, nengo-

ro naku.
Unnerve, t. v. Yowaku sum.
Unnoticed, a. Me ni tsukanu, mitsuke-

raredzu.
Unnumbered, a. Kazoyenu.
Unobstructed, a. Jama nashi, todoko-

ri nashi, sasawaranu.
Unobtrusive, a. Yenriyo nam, kenson

naru, ji-jo naru.
Unoccupied, a. Aku. — time, hima,

itoma. — house, aki-ya, aki-dana.
Unofficial, a. Yaku-guwai.
Unostentatious, a. Ken-son na, yen-
riyo na, jiman naki.
Unpack, t. v. Akeru, ni wo tori-dasu.
Unpaid, a. Harawanu.
Unpalatable, a. Umaku nai, oishiku

nai, madzui.
Unparalleled, a. Buso, tagui nashi,

narabi nashi, hi-rui nashi.
Unpardonable, a. Yurusarenu, kam-

ben-naranu.
Unpaved, a. Shiki ishi naki.
Unperceived, a. Me ni tsukanu, mi-

tsukerarenu.
Unpleasant, a. Ki ni iranu, fujiyu na,

omoshiroku nai, fusho-na, funiyoi, iya

na, kiza.
Unpolished, a. Migakanu, arai.
Unpolite, a. Burei, shitsurei, busaho.
Unpopular, a. Hayaranu, riuko senu.
Unprecedented, a. Katsute naki, sen

rei naki, tameshi naki.

Unprejudiced, a. Hiiki nashi, katayo-

ranu, oyake na.
Unprepared, a. Shitaku senu, yoi naki,

kakugo nai.
Unprincipled, a. Ri ni somuku, fuho,

furachi na.
Unproductive, a. Yo ni tatanu. —

land, y ^ase-chi. — labor, mu-yeki no

honeori. — money, risoku naki kane.
Unprofessional, a. Michi ni somuku.
Unprofitable, a. Kai naki, yeki nashi,

munashii, yd ni tatanu, ri naki.
Unpromising, a. Tanomoshikaranu.
Unprosperous, a. Fu-hanjo naru.
Unqualified, a. Ataranu, tekito senu.
Unquestionable, a. Utagawashiku na-
ki, ibukashikaranu.
Unquiet, a. Odayaka naranu, ochi-tsu-

kanu.
Unravel,^, v. Toku, hodoku, hogure-

ru, hogusu.
Unreasonable, a. Muri na, dori nashi,

hibun, ri ni kanawanu.
Unreconcilable, a. Naka-naorarenu,

fu-wa naru.
Unrelenting, a. Yawaragazaru, ganko

naru, go-jo naru.
Unremitting, a. Tayema naki, yasumi

naki, ma naki.
Unreserved, a. Nokoradzu, nokosadzu.
Unresisting, a. Tekitai senu, temukai

senu, fusegadzu.
Unrevenged, a. Ada wo kayesadzu,

kataki wo utanu.
Unrighteous, a. Tadashikaranu, sei-

choku naranu, fu-gi na.
Unripe, a. Juku-senu, umanu.
Unrivalled, n. Buso na, hi-rui naki,

narabi naki.
Unrobe, /. v. Kimono wo nugu.
Unroll, /. v. Maki-mono wo toku.
Unroof, i. v. Yane wo haguru.
Unruffled, a. Ugokazaru, ochi-tsuite

oru, chin-chaku shitaru.
Unruly, a. Te ni awanu, te ni amaru.
Unsafe, a. Abunai, ayauki, jobu ni

nai.
Unsalable, a. Ure-kuchi ga nai.
Unsatisfactory, a. Ki ni kanawanu,

taranu.
Unsatisfied, a. Aki-taranu, fusoku ni

omo, taru-koto shiranu.
Unsavory, a. Umaku nai, madzui, oishi-
ku nai.
Unsay, t. v. Ii-kesu.
Unscriptural, a. Sei-sho ni kanawanu.
Unseal, t. v. Fu wo hiraku.
Unsearchable, a. Sagurarenu, wake-

rarenu.
Unseasonable, a. Toki-naranu, jisetsu

ni awanu, basho ni awanu.

UNS

194

UPO

Unseasoned, a. Nama, narenu, kagen

ga warui, fu-ambai na.
Unseaworthy, a. Shuppan ni saserare-

nu.
Unseemly, a. Mibun ni tekito senu, su-

bekarazaru.
Unseen, a. Miyenu.
Unserviceable, a. Yd ni tatanu, yaku

ni tatanu.
Unsettled, a. Sadamaranu, kimaranu,

ochi-tsukanu.
Unsheathe, t. v. Saya kara nuku.
Unship, t. v. Fune kara orosu. — an

oar, ro wo hadzusu.
Unsightly, a. Mi-nikui, bu-kiriyd na.
Unskillful, a. Heta no, bukiyo na, bu-

saiku na, tsutanai, fu-tegiwa.
Unsociable, a. Majiwaranu, tsuki-awa-

nu, hito-dzuki ashiki.
Unsold, a. Urenai.
Unsym metrical, a. Sorowanu, tsuri-

awanu.
Unsolder, t. v. Rodzuke wo hanasu.
Unsolicited, a. Negawadzu, tanoma-

dzu.
Unsound, a. Jobu ni nai, tassha ni nai,

mattaku nai, sorowanu.
Unspeakable, a. Ii-warenu, ii-tsukusa-

renu.
Unstable, a. Sadamaranu.
Unsteady, a. Gura-gura suru, sadama-
ranu, gureru.
Unstring, t. v. Ito wo hadzusu.
Unstop, t. v. Kuchi wo akeru.
Unsuccessful, a. Ataradzu, togenu, de-

kinu, hatasanu, shubi ga warui.
Unsuitable, a. Fu-s66 na, fu-niai na,

fu-tsugo-na, fusawanu.
Unsurpassable, a. Kosarenu, sugirare-

nu, katarenu.
Unsuspicious, a. Utagawanu, gi-nen

naki.
Untangle, t. v. Mutsure wo toku.
Untaught, a. Manabanu, narawanu, kei-

ko senu, mu-gaku na.
Unthankful, a. Arigatagaranu, on wo

shiranu.
Unthinking, a. Ki wo tsukenu, nen wo

irenu, shian senu.
Unthread, t. v. Hari no ito wo nuku.
Untie, t. v. Toku, hodoku, musubi wo

hadzusu.
Until, prep. Made, ni itaru made.
Untimely, a. Toki naranu, fuji no.
Unto, prep. Made, ni, ni itaru made.
Untrue, a. Makoto nai, uso, itsuwari

no, jitsu de nai. mujiLsu na.
Untruth, n. Uso, itsuwari, kiyogon.
Untwist, t. v. Nawa no yori wo toku.
Unused, a. Narenu, heta.
Unusual, a, Tsune-naranu, rei-naranu,

hi-jo na, mare-na, igi, kaku-betsu, be-
tsui, betsujo. Nothing — , bui,* buji,
igi-nashi.
Unusually, adv. Itsu ni naku, koto no

hoka ni.
Unutterable, a. Iiwarenu, ii-tsukusa-

renu.
Un ventilated, a. Ki-no-komoru, ki-

musai, okubiyo na.
Unwarily, adv. Ki wo tsukedzu ni.
Unwarrantable, a. Yoroshikaranu, do-

ri naranu, honsuji naranu.
Unweariedly, adv. Kutabiredzu ni,

tsukaredzu ni.
Unwonted, a. Tsune naranu, narenu.
Unwell, a. Ambai-warui, fukuwai.
Unwholesome, a. Tame ni naranu, do-

ku na.
Unwieldy, a. Tsukai-nikui, fu-benn.
Unwilling, a. Iyagaru, sukanu, kirau,

konomanu.
Unwillingly, adv. Iya nagara, kono-

madzu ni, fusho-busho ni.
Unwind, i. v. Maki-kayesu, hodoku,

toku.
Unwise, a. Chiye no nai, oroka naru.
Unwittingly, adv. Shiradzu-ni, ki ga

tsukadzu-ni, oboyedzu ni.
Unwomanly Onnarashiku nai.
Unwonted, a. Tsune naranu, narenu.
Unworthy, a. Mi ni amaru, bun ni su-

giru, kuwabun na, taranu.
Unyielding, a. Katai, kataku na, yuru-

sanu, shochi senu, kataiji-na.
Up, prep. Uye, kami ; also by, ageru,
and, agaru, in compound verbs ; as, to
throw up, nage-ageru, haku, modosu.
To jump up, tobi-ageru. To pull up,
hiki-ageru. To lift up, ageru, tateru,
okosu. To get up, okiru, tatsu. To go
up, agaru, noboru. To blow up, fuku-
rasu. To grow up, sodatsu, nobiru.
Up the river, kawa-kami. To go into
the water up to the chin, kubi-take
midzu ni hairu. Sun is tip, hi ga deru.
Not come up to, oyobanu. The time
is up, toki ga kita, nichi-gen ga kita.
Up and down, uye shita, achi kochi.
Ups and downs, daku-boku. To catch
— with, oi-tsuku. To eat — , kui-tsu-
kusu. To burn — , taki-tsukusu. To
stun — , shime-ageru. To use — , tsu-
kai-hatasu. To come — with, oi-tsuku.
Help me — , okoshite kudasare.
Upbraid, t. v. Togameru, shikaru.
Upheave, t. v. Oshi-ageru.
Uphold, t. v. Sasayeru.
Upholsterer, adv. Kasai wo -tsukuru

hito.
Upland, n. Hatake, yama.
Upon, prep. Uye ni, yotte, ni, tsuite,

UPP

195

VAC

nochi. — the whole, shosen, hikkiyo,

tsui ni.
Upper, a. Uye no.
Uppermost, a. Ichi-ban uyc no. _
Upright, a. Jitsumei na, shojiki, tada-

shii, tate, massbgu na.
Uprightly ; adv. Taclashiku, sci-choku

ni, shojiki ni.
Uproar, n. Sawagi, sodo.
Uproarious, a. Sawagashii, sozoshii,

yakamashii, hishimeku.
Uproot, t. v. Nenuki wo sum, nekogi

wo sum.
Upset, t. v. Hikuri-kayesu, hikuri-ka-

yeru, kutsugayesu.
Upshot, n. Hate, shimai, ageku ni.
Upside-down, adv. Saka-sama, abekobe,

saka ni.
Upstart, n. Niwaka ni shussei shite ta-

kaburu mono.
Upturn, t. v. Kayesu, okosu. {pass.)

Aomuku.
Upward, prep, or adv. Uye ni, yo,

amari, kami. To look — , aomuku, aogu.

— of a hundred men, hiyaku yo nin.

— °f five years, go nen amari.
Urbanity, n. Teinei, reigi.
Urchin, n. Kodomo.

Urethra, a. Niyodo. Stricture of — ,

kiyo-saku.
Urge, t. v. Seku, seru, saisoku suru,

hagemasu, susumeru, isogaseru, haya-

meru, kudoku, shiiru.
Urgent, a. Kiu na, isogu, aseru, kiuso-

ku na.
Urgently, adv. Shikiri-ni, ichidzu-ni,

hitasura ni, hitoye ni, hira-ni.
Urinal, a. Shibin.
Urinate, i. v. Shoben suru.
Urine, n. Shoben, shoyo, ibari.
Urn, n. Tsubo.

Us, pron. Warera, watakushi-domo.
Usage, n. Rei, narawashi, shimuke,

tori-atsukai, furiai.
Ursa major, n. Hagunsei.

Use, t. v. Tsukau, mochiiru, nareru,
motenasu. To be used to, nareru.
Used to saying, ii-nareru. — living
in, inareru, inajimu.

Use, n. Tsukai, tsukai kata, yo, iriyo,
kai. To be of — , yo ni tatsu, yaku ni
tatsu. Have no further — of this,
kore wa mo iri-masen. What is this
used for ? kore wa nani ni tsukai-ma-
suru ka. How is this used, kore wa do
shite tsukai-masuru.

Useful, a. Yo ni tatsu, yaku ni tatsu.

Usefulness, n. Riyo, yo.

Useless, a. Yo ni tatanu, muyo, yaku
ni tatanu, muda na, munashii, fu-yo na,
kainaki, muyeki, muyaku, dame, ada.

Uselessly adv. Muda ni, itadzura ni,
munashiku.

Usher, n. Tori-tsugi.

Usher, i. v. Annai suru.

Usual, a. Hei-zei, hei-jitsu, atarimaye
no, fudan no, itsu-mo no, rei no. As
— , itsu-mo no tori.

Usually, adv. Taitei, tsune no, hei-
zei.

Usurer, n. Kdri-kashu

Usurp, t. v. Muri kurai wo toru, kurai
wo ubai-toru.

Usurper, n. Kurai wo ubai-toru hito.

Usury, n. Ko-ri.

Utensil, n. Utsuwa, dogu.

Utilize, t. v. Yodateru, yo ni tataseru.

Utility, n. Yo, riyo, iri-yo.

Uterus, n. Shikiu, kobukuro.

Utmost, a. Kagiri, tsukushi aritake,
hanahadashii, itari.

Utter, t. v. Iu, hanasu, akasu, tagon
suru.

Utter, a. Mattaki.

Utterance, n. Kotoba-dzuki.

Utterly, adv. Mam de, mattaku. —
consumed, yake-hateru, tsuki-hateru,
yake-shimau.

Uttermost, a. Itatte, shigoku.

Uvula, n. Hiko.

V

Vacancy, n. Aida, ma, sukima, hima.

Vacant, a. Kara. — time, hima, itoma.
— house, aki-ya, aki-dana. — land,
ku-chi, aki-chi. — office, sokketsu.

Vacantly, adv. Ukkari, muchiu.

Vacate, t. v. Akeru, yudzuru.

Vacation, n. Yasumi, kiu-soku.

Vaccinate, t. v. Uye-boso wo sum.
Vaccination, n. Uye-boso, shu-to, giu-

to.
Vacillate, i. v. Tayutau, tamerau, sa-

damaranu, gureru, yiiyo suru.
Vacillation, n. Yuyo suru koto, sada-

maranu koto, ketchaku naki koto.

VAC

196

VEN

Vacuity, n. Ku, koku, chiu.

Vacuum, n. Kara, ku no koto, ku-kiyo.

Vagabond, n. Gorotsuki, mu-shuku,

yadonashi, dembo.
Vagary, n. Deki-gokoro, omoi-nashi,

sozo naru koto.
Vagina, n. Chitsu.
Vagrant, n. Ron in, ukare-bito.
Vague, a. Sadamaranu, tsumabiraka-

naradzu.
Vain, a. Muda na. munashii, dame no,

mu-yeki na, mu-yaku, mu-yo, itadzura,

jiman na, hokoru, takaburu, hakanai,

mu-jo na.
Vain-glorious, a. Jiman na, hokoru,

unubore no, jifu suru,
Vain-glory, n. Jiman, unubore, ho-

kori.
Vainly, adv. Muda-ni, munashiku, ita-
dzura ni, jiman shite, hokotte.
Vale, n. Tani.

Valerian, n. Fujibakama, kisso.
Valet, n. Soba-dzukaye.
Valftudinarian, n. Biyo-shin na hito,

ta-biyo na hito,
Valiant, a. Yu naru, go-yii na, yoki no

tsuyoi, kitsui, takeki, isamashiki, yuyu-

shii.
Valiantly, adv. Isamashiku, yu-yu-

shiku.
Valid, a. Yoi, tashika na, dori aru.
Validity, n. Tashika naru koto, jitsu,

honto.
Valise, n. Kawa-tebako.
Valley, n. Tani.
Valor, n. Yuki, goki.
Valorous, a. Yuki naru, goki naru, isa-

mashii, goyu naru.
Valuable, a. Tattoi, ne no takai, yoda-

tsu. — thi?ig, takara-mono, ho-motsu.
Valuation, n. Ne wo tsukeru koto, tsu-

mori, ne-uchi,
Value, n. Atai, yo, nedan, ne, riyo,

daika.
Value, t. v. Ne-uchi wo suru, tattomu,

takara to suru, oshimu, taisetsu ni omo,

omondzuru.
Valueless, a. Ne-uchi ga nai, fuyo na,

iranu, yaku ni tatanu.
Valve, n. Futa.

Van, n. Saki-te, sen-jin, sembo, saki.
Vane, n. Kazami.

Vanish, i. v. Kiyeru, useru, nakunaru.
Vanity, n. Takaburi, hokori, jiman,

unubore, munashisa, hakanasa.
Vanquish, t. v. Katsu, ii-fuseru, heiko

saseru.
Vapid, a. Ki ga nuketa.
Vapor, n. Suiki, yuge, joki, ki. — of

blood, chi-kemuri.
Vapor, /. v. Hokoru, takaburu.

Vaporize, t. v. Johatsu saseru.
Variable, a. Sadamaranu, kawari-yasui,

yoku kawaru, kimari no nai.
Variableness, n. Kawaru koto, fujo na

koto.
Variance, n. Arasoi, fuwa, nakatagaye,
isakai. At — , naka ga warui.

Variation, n. Kawari, kawaru koto, sha-
betsu.

Variegate, t. v. Irodoru, saishiki suru.

Variety, n. Iro-iro, sama-zama, shuju.

Various, a. Iro-iro no, sama-zama no,
shuju na, machi-machi no, tori-dori no.

VARIOUSLY, adv. Iro-iro ni shite t sama-
zama ni shite.

Varnish, n. Urushi. To — , urushi wo
nuru.

Varnlsher, n. Urushi-ya.

Varnish-tree, n. Urushi no ki.

Vary, i. v. Kawaru, hendzuru, kotonaru.

Vase, n. Hana-ike, kuwa-bin.

Vassal, 11. Kerai.

Vast, a. Hiroi, oki, 6i. kuwo-dai na,
bakutai na, taiso no.

Vastly, adv. Hiroku, okiku, taiso ni.

Vastness, n. Hirosa, okisa, osa.

Vat, n. Fune, oke.

Vault, n. Muro. anagura.

Vault, t. v. Tobu, haneru.

Vaunt, t. v. Takaburu, jiman suru, tai-
heiraku wo iu, ibaru.

Veer, t. v. Kawaru, mawaru.

Vegetable, n. Yasai, kusa. — king-
do?)!, somoku, choku-butsu.

Vegetate, i. v. Hayeru, shodzuru.

Vegetation, n. Ki-kusa, somoku, ha-
yeru koto, sodachi.

Vehemence, n. Tsuyosa, hageshisa, hi-
dosa.

Vehement, a. Tsuyoi, hageshii, arai,
hidoi.

Vehemently, adv. Tsuyoku, hageshi-
ku, hidoku.

Veil, n. Katsugi, fukumen.

Veil, t. v. Kakusu, 6, sayegiru, heicho
suru.

Vein, n. Jo-miyaku, suji, shibe, mo-
kume. Blue veins, ao-suji.

Velocity, n. Hayasa.

Velocipede, n. Jizaisha.

Velvet, n. Birodo.

Velvety, a. Birodo no gotoki.

Venal, a. Kane no tame ni hataraku.

Vend, t. v. Uru.

Vendue, n. Seri-uri.

Veneer, t. v. Hagu, kiseru.

Venerable, a. Ro, toshi wo totta. —
man, ro-jin. Your — father, go ro-fu
sama.

Venerate, t. v. Uyamau, sonkiyo suru.

Veneration, n. Uyamai, sonkiyo.

VEN

I 9 7

VIC

Venereal disease, n. Kasa, yobaiso,

baidoku.
Venery, n. Iro, sukebei.
Venesection, n. Shiraku, chi wo toru.
Vengeance, n. Katak] uchi, tegayeshi,
mukui, kayeshi, hempo. To take — ,
kataki wo utsu, fuku-shu suru, ada wo
kayesu, ada wo mukuyuru.
Venial, a. Yurusareru, yurusu beki.
Venison, n. Shika no niku.
Venom, n. Doku.
Venomous, a. Doku na. — snake, do-

kuja.
Vent, n. Ana, kuchi, kuwa-mon, ure-

kuchi. Give — to, dasu, haki-dasu.
Vent, i. v. Hassuru, dasu.
Ventilate, t. v. Kaze wo tosu, ki wo

kayowasu.
Ventilation, n. Ki wo kayowasu koto,

kaze wo tosu koto.
Ventriloquism, 11, Hachi-ningei, ko-

wairo wo tsukau.

Venture, i. v. Ayabumu, yatte miru,

ayete suru. To — one’s life, inochi wo

kakeru.

Venture, n. Kake-goto. Mercantile — ,

yama, I will trust to fortune and.

make the — , un ni makasete yatte miru.

Venturesome, a. Mukomidzu na, mu-

yami na, kiwadoi, daitan na.
Venus, n. Kinsei, miyojo.^
Veracity, n. Makoto wo iu koto.
Veranda, n. Yen, roka.
Verb, n. Hataraki-kotoba, do-shi.
Verbal, a. — message, ko-jo, dengon,
ii-tsugi, kotodzute, kodatsu. — dis-
pute koron.
Verbatim, adv. Kotoba-utsushi ni.
Verbena, n. Fusa-sakura.
Verdant, a. Aoi, midori-na.
Verdict, n. Moshi-watashi, sadame.
Verdigris, n. Rokusho.
Verge, n. Kiwa, hashi.
Verify, t. v. Sadameru, kimeru, tashika

ni suru.
Verily, adv. Makoto ni, jitsu ni, ge

ni.
Verisimilar, a. Makotorashii.
Veritable, a. Makoto no, jitsu no.
Verity, ?z. Makoto, jitsu.
Vermicelli, n. Somen.
Vermifuge, n. Satchiu-zai.
Vermilion, n. Shu. — ink, shu-dzumi.
Vermin, n. Mushi.
Vernacular, a. — tongue, kuni no ko-

toba.
Vernal, a. Haru no, shun. — equinox,

shumbun. — showers, haru same.
Versatile, a. Kawari yasui, utsurigi na.
Verse, n. Ku, uta, shi. To write verses,
uta wo yomu.

Versed, a. Nareru, tokui na, jc dzu na,

yete naru. Not — in, beta, fu-tokui.
Vertebra, n. Kiu-kotsu.
Vertex, n. Zet-cho, kashira, itadaki.
Vertigo, n. Memai, kennun, tachi-

gurami.
Very, adv. Taiso, hanahada, itatte, go-

ku, shigoku, ito, dzundo.
Very, a. Jitsu no, makoto no. That —

day, soku-jitsu.
Vesicle, n. Midzu-bukure.
Vesper, a. Yugata no. — bell, iri-ai no

kane.
Vessel, n. Utsuwa, kibutsu, dogu, fune.
Vest, n. Sode-nashi.
Vest, t. v. Kakeru, tsugi-komu, nin-

dzuru.
Vestibule, n. Gen-kuwa, iri-guchi.
Vestige, n. Ato, seki. — of antiquity,

koseki.
Vesture, n. Kimono, ifuku, koromo.
Veteran skill, n. Ro-k6.
Veto, n. Seishi, kindzuru koto.
Vex, t. v. Ijimeru, kurushimeru, koma-

raseru, ikarascru, ijiru, jirasu.
Vexatious, a. Urusai, mendo, jirettai.
Vexed, a. Komaru, ikidoru.
Vial, n. Tokuri, bin.
Viand, n. Shoku-motsu.
Vibrate, t. v. Yurugu, yurameku, fu-

reru.
Vibration, n. Fureru koto.
Vicarious, a. Kawari no, dai no. —

agent, miyodai.
Vicariously, adv. Kawari ni, kawarite,

dai ni.
Vice, n. Aku, ashiki koto, toga.
Vice. a. Kawari no, fuku, gon.
Vice-admiral, n. Kai-gun fuku-toku.
Vice-agent, n. Miyo-dai, to-dai.
Vice-versa, adv. Kayette, abekobe

ni.
Vicinity, n. Atari, kinjo, kimpen, rao-

yori, kaiwai.
Vicious, a. Yokoshima na, aku no, ashi-
ki, fuho na, furachi no. — ctfstom,
aku-fu. — company, akuto. — horse,
aku-ba.
Viciously, adv. Ashiku, waruku, yoko-
shima ni.
Vicissitude, n. Hen-kuwa, kawari, sei-

sui, fuchin.
Victim, n. Ikeniye.
Victimize, t. v. Damashi-komu.
Victor, n. Kachi-te, katta-hito, shori

wo yetaru mono.
Victorious, a. Kachitaru, shori wo yeru,

kachi wo toru.
Victory, n. Kachi, shori. Puffed up

by — , kachi-hokori.
Victual, t. v. Makanau

VIC

198

VOL

Victualer, n. Makanai-kata, hiyo-ro-

kata.
Victuals, n. Tabe-monb, shoku-motsu,

kuimono, hiyoro, kate.
Vje, i. v. Kiso, araso, hari-au.
View, n. Keshiki, fukci, chobo, nagame,

me. Not i>i — , miyenu. To take a —

kembun suru. With a — to, me-ate ni

suru.
View, t. v. Miru, kem-bun suru, naga-

meru.
Vigil, n. Himachi, tsuya, yo-akashi.
Vigilance, n. Yojin, tsutsushimi.
Vigilant, a. Tsutsushimu, ki wo tsu-

keru, ki-kubari sum.
Vigor, ;/. Chikara, kiriyoku, ikioi, kon-

ki, seikon, genki, seishin, shinki. — 0/

mind, kikon.
Vigorous, a. Jobu na, sukoyaka na, so-

ken na, tsuyoi.
Vigorously, adv. Tsuyoku, hageshiku.
Vile, a. Iyashii, gescn na, ashiki, hire-

tsu na.
Vilely, adv. Iyashiku.
Vilenkss, n. lyashisa. ashisa, aku.
Vilify, t. v. Nonoshiru, aikko suru,

zangen suru, zan suru, shiyuru.
Village, n. Mura, sato, machi.
Villager, n. Mura-bito, sato-bito.
Villain, n. Yatsu, yatsume, aku nin,

akuto.
Villainous, a. Ashiki, warui, aku na,

bo-aku na, futoi, aku-giyaku na.
Vindicate, t. v. Ii-fusegu, ii-wake shite

niakoto wo mamoru, makoto aru to

shoko date wo suru.
Vindication, n. Shoko date shite ma-
moru koto.
Vindictive, a. Ada wo mukuitagaru,

uramiru.
Vine, n. Budo-kadzura, kadzura, tsuru.
Vinegar, n. Su.
Vineyard, n. Budo-batake.
Violate, t. v. Yaburu, somuku, moto-

ru, sakarau, tagayeru, go-in suru, oka-

su.
Violation, n. Somuku koto, okasu ko-
to.
Violence, n. Tsuyosa, arasa, hageshisa,

ikiyoi, hidosa, hidoi-me, mugoi-me. By

— , muri ni, shiite.
Violent, a. Tsuyoi, hageshii, arai, hi-

doi, mugoi, ikatsui.
Violently, adv. Tsuyoku, araku, ha-
geshiku, hidoku, muri ni, shiite.
Violet, 71. Sumire, sumo-tori-bana.
Violin, n. Kokiu.
Viper, n. Mamushi, hami.
Virago, n. Akuba.
Virgin, n. Ki-musume.
Virtue, n. Toku, zen, kono, kikime,

chikara, kuriki. In virtue of, ni yotte,

yuye ni.
Vir ni ‘so, n. Sukisha.
VIRTUOUS, a. Zen naru, yoi, yoroshii.
Virulent, a. Tsuyoi, hidui.
Virus, //. Dc^ku.

.-., //. Tsura, kao, kambase, omo-

te.
VlSERA, //. Hara-wata, zofu, zo, m
VISCID, a. Nebai, nebaru, nebari-tsuku,

beta-tsuku.

Viscidity, //. Nebasa, nebaki.

VISIBLE, a. Miycru, me ni kakaru, aki-

raka naru.
VISION, n. Me de miru koto, maboroshi,

me.
VISIONARY, a. Yume no, maboroshi no,

toho mo naki.
Vim 1 , ;/. Mimai.
Visit, v. Mimau, mamiycru.
Visitor, n. Kiyaku, kiyaku-jin.
Vital, a. Inochi ni kakaru. — power,

seishin. — Part, kiu-sho.
Vitality, n. Ikiru koto, sei-kuwatSU.
Vitalize, t. v. Ikisaseru, seikuwatsu sa-

scru.
VlTALS, n. Inochi ni tsuite taisetsu naru

bubun, kiu-ho.
VlTIATE, /. v. Sokonau, waruku suru,

yaburu, kudzusu.
Vituperation, //. Nonoshiri, togame.
Vivacious, a. Iki-iki to shite oru, ku-

wappatsu na.
Vivid, a. Hakkin to shita.
Vivify, t. v. Ikasu.
Viviparous, a. Taisho.
Vixen, n. Kashimashiki onna, aku-ba.
Vocabulary, «. Jibiki.
Vocal, a. Koye no.
Vocally, adv. Koye nite, kotoba nite.
Vocation, n. Kagiyo, tosei, shobai, na-

riwai, giyo.
Vociferate, i. v. Sakebu, omeku, wa-

meku, donaru, ganaru.
Vociferous, a. Sawagu, yakamashii, so-

zoshii, sawagashii.
Vogue, n. Hayaru, riuko suru, tsuyo.
Voice, a. Koye, ne, oto. Loud — ,

ogoye, daionjo, donaru. Coarse — , da-

migoye. One — , do-on.
Void, a. Kara, ku, aku, munashii, muda,

nai. Make — , munashiku suru.
Void, t. v. Kudasu, tsudzuru.
Volatile, a. Sho-san, shi-yasuki, uki-

uki to shite oru.
Volatilize, t. v. Johatsu saseru.
Volcano, n. Yake-yama, kawa-zan, hi

no yama.
Volition, n. Kokoro-base.
Volley, n. To fire a — , teppo wo rempa-

tsu suru.

VOL

199

WAL

Voluble, a. Hayaku mono wo iu. —

person, hayakuchi.
Volumn, a. Maki, satsu, okisa.
Voluminous, a. Tai>bu na.
Voluntarily, adv. Midzukara ni shite,

jibun de, onore no kokoro kara, dzuii-

ni, kononde.
Voluntary, a. Onore no kokoro de na-

su, onore no kokoro ni makaseru.
Voluptuary, n. Inshoku wo tanoshimu

hito.
Voluptuous, a. Ogori ni tsunoru.
Vomit, t. v. Modosu, hakaseru.
Voracious, a. Gatsu-gatsu suru, bosho-

ku na, totetsu na.
Vortex, n. Udzu, udzu-maki.
Vote, n. Ire-fuda, raku-satsu.
Vote, t. v. Ire-fuda wo suru. — viva-
voce, hotsugon suru.
Vouch, t. v. Shoko suru.

Voucher, n. Hikaye-gaki, shomon.
Vouchsafe, /. v. Tamau, sadzukeru, ku-

dasaru.
Vow, n. Guwan, guwandate, kisei.
Vow, t. v. Guwandate wo suru, guwan

wo kakeru.
Vowel, n. Jibo, boin.
Voyage, n. Funa-ji.
Voyage, t. v. Fune nite tokai suru.
Vulgar, a. lyashii, zoku na, hiretsu na,

bukotsu na; gesen ria, buiki na, gebiru.

– — person, zoku-butsu. — tongue, zoku-

go. — sty le of •writing, zoku-bun. —

appearance, zokurashii. — class, shi-

mo-jimo.
Vulgarity, n. Iyashiki koto.
Vulgarly, adv. lyashiku, zoku ni, zo-

kurashiku.
Vulnerable, a. Te-owaserareru.
Vulva, n. Omanko, imnion.

W

Wabble, i. v. Yoromeku, yoro-yoro
suru.

Wadding, a. Naka-wata. Wadded
clothes, wata-ire.

Waddle, t. v. Yego r yego shite aruku.

Wade, t. v. — across, kachi-watari wo
suru.

Wafer, n. Fiinori, kuwashi.

Waft, t. v. Tobaseru. {pass.) Tobu.^

Wag, n. Hiyokin na hito, kokkei na hi-
to.

Wag, /. v. Furu. (z. v.) Fureru, ugoku.

Wage, /. v. Kakeru, yatte miru. —
•war, ikusa suru.

Wager, n. Kake-mono, keibutsu.

Wager, t. v. Kakeru, yatte miru.

Wages, n. Kiu-kin, temachin, chin, ya-
kuriyo, chin-sen. Monthly — , gekkiu.

Waggery, n. Tawamure, odoke, share.

Waggle, t. v. Furu.

Waggish, a. Odokeru, hiyokin naru,
fuzakeru, kokkei na.

Wagon, n. Kuruma, basha, jinriki-sha.

Wagoner, n. Giyosha.

Wagtail, ‘/z. Sekirei.

Wail, i. v. Naku, kanashimu, sakebu,
koku suru.

Waist, n. Koshi.

Waist-cloth, n. Fundoshi, imoji,
chappo, futano.

Wait, z. v. Matsu. — tipon, tsutome-
ru, au. — upon the table, kiuji wo su-
ru. To lay in — , machi-buse wo suru,

machi-kakeru, machi-tsukeru. — all
night, machi-akasu. . — impatiently
for, machi-kaneru, machi-wabiru. —
all day, machi-kurasu. To keep an-
other waiting, mataseru. To — on
one J s self, temori wo suru, tejaku wo
suru.

Waiter, n. Kiuji-nin, shaku-tori, bon,
kodzukai.

Waiting-maid, n. Koshi-moto.

Waive. /. v. Yudzuru, jijo suru, suteru.

Wake, i. v. Sameru, okiru. {t. v.) Oko-
su, samasu.

Wake, n. Himachi, tsiiya, yo-akashi.

Wakeful, a. Ne-tsukanu, nemuranu.

Waken, z”. v. Sameru. (t. v.) Samasu,
okosu.

Walk, i. v. Aruku, a^mmu, fumu, ha-
kobu, hiro, kachi de yuku, hoko suru.
Please — in, o agari nasare, or o hairi
nasare. — to and fro, tachi-modoru.
To — on and spoil, fumi-arasu. To —
through, aruki-toru. — tcp, aruki-no-
boru. — down, aruki-kudaru. — into,
aruki-komu. — past, aruki-sugiru, aru-
ki-koyeru. — across, aruki-koyeru,
fumi-koyeru. — beyond, aruki-sugiru.

Walking-stick, n. Tsuye.

Wall, n. Ishi-gaki, kabe.

Wallet, n. Fukuro.

Wallow, z. v. Notaru, nota-uchi-mawa-
ru.

Wall faper, n. Kara-kami.

WAL

200

WAT

Walnut, n. Kurumi.

Waltz, n. Odori.

Wan, a. Ao-zameru.

Wand, n. Sao.

Wander, i. v. Samayo, bura-bura aru-

ku, hai-kuwai suru, ruro suru, mado.

{in mind), uwakoto wo iu.
Wane, i. v. Heru, kakeru, otoroyeru.
Want, n. Hin-kiu, bimbo, nai. To be

in — of a servant, kodzukai ni koto-

kagu. — of strength, chikara nashi.

— of food, tabe-niono na-shi. — of
money, kanc nashi. — of politeness,
burei, shitsu-rei. — of feeling, nasake
nai. — of judgment, mu-fumbetsu.

Want, /. v. Iru, nai, toboshii, taranu,
fusolcu, kakeru, koto-kagu, hoshii.
Also the sicffix, tai. Do you — to buy
any fish ? sakanawa yoroshu gozarima-
su ka. Do you — this ? kore wa o iri-
yo ka. To — learning, mommo naru.
In winter we want a fire, fuyu no to-
ki ni hi ga iru. When summer comes
a fire is not wanted, natsu ni natte hi
ga iranu.
War, n. Ikusa. To majce — , ikusa su-
• ru, tatakau. Man of — , ikusa-bune.

— store is, gun dan. — expenses, gun-
yokin. — chariot, heisha. — oj/ice,
hiyobusho.

Warble, i. i>. Naku, sayedzuru.
Ward, n. Cho.
•Warden, n. Bannin, mamori.
Ward off, /. v. Fusegu, yokeru, ukeru.
Wardrobe, n. Todana, ifuku.
Wares, n. Shina-mono, ni, nimotsu, sho-

shiki.
Warehouse, n. Kura, dozo.
Warfare, n. Ikusa.
Warily, ad7s. Ki wo tsukete, tsutsu-

shinde, yojin shite.
Warm, a. Atatakai, danki na, ondan

na.
Warm, /. v. Atatakaku suru, atatameru,

nukumeru. (/. z/.) Atatakaku naru,

netchiu suru.
Warm-hearted, a. Shinsetsu naru.
Warmly, adv. Atatakaku, atsuku, nobo-

sete.
Warmth, n. Atatakasa, dankin, ondan.
Warn, t. v. Maye-motte shiraseru, ko-

rasu, imashimerti, iken wo suru. {pass.)

Koriru.
Warning, n. Maye-motte shiraseru koto,

imashime, iken.
Warp, i. v. Soru, magaru, higamu, hizo-

ru, hidzumu.
Warp, n. Tate-ito.
Warrant, t. v. Ukeau, hiki-ukeru.
Warrant, n. Menkiyo-jo, menjo.
Wart, n. Ibo.

Wary, a. Yojin suru, ki wo tsukeru, tsu-

tsushimu.
Was, fret. Atta, and the pret. form of

the verb. I was sich^ watakushi biyo-

ki de arimashita. // was raining, ame

ga furimashita, or futta.
Wash, t. v. Arau, sentaku suru, susti-u,

kiyomeru, yusugu. — out, arai-otosu.

Cause to — , arawaseru.
Wash, n. {Medical) ^ arai-gusuri.
Washerman, n. Scntaku-ya.
Washing, n. Arai, sentaku.
Washing-machine, n. Sentaku dogu.
Washstand, >/. Te-arai-dai.
WASHTUB, n. 5cntaku-oke.
WASP, n. Koshi-boso, jigabachi.
Waste, /. v. Tsuiyasu, heru,arasu, gen-

dzuru, yaseru, chibiru. — away, suga-

reru.
Waste, n. Kudzu, tsuiye, heri, rodzu.

— land, arechi, no-hara, fumo no chi.

— Paper, hogu. Laid — , arasu.

Waste-basket, //. Kami kudzu kago.
Wasteful, a. Muda ni tsukau, tsuiyasv.
Watch, t. v. Mamoru, ban suru, ki wo
tsukeru, me wo Lsukeru, ukagau, matsu.

— with the sick^ yotogi wo suru.
Watch, n. Tokei, ban, bannin, ko. Ojf

— , hi-ban. On — , to-ban. Change of
— , bangawari.

Watchful, a. Yo-jin suru, ki wo tsuke-
ru, tsutsushimu.

Watchfully, adv. Tsutsushinde, ki wo
tsukete, yojin shite.

Watch-box, n. Bangoya.

Watchfulness, n. Yojin.

Watch-house, n. Bansho.

Watchmaker, n. Tokei-shi, tokei-ya.

Watchman, n. Ban-nin, mihari. Night
— , yo-ban.

Watch-tower, n. Mono-mi, yagura.
Fire — , hi no miyagura.

Watchword, n. Ai-kotoba.

Water, n. Midzu, sui. To — , midzu wo
kakeru. — a horse, uma ni midzukaiu
To go by — , funaji de yuku. Hot — , yu,
bu. — for the hands, cho-dzu. —
Power, sui-riki. To make — , shobeu
suru.

Water-blister, n. Midzu-bukure.

Waterbrash, n. Riuin, mushidzu, sam-
pai-yeki.

Water-clock, n. Midzu-dokei.

Watercourse, n. Kawa, kawa-suji.

Water-cress, n. Midzutade.

Water-cup, n. Midzu-nomi.

Water-drain, n. Midzu-nuki, gesui.

Water-engine, n. Riutosui.

Waterfall, n. Taki, bakufu.

Water-fowl, n. Midzu-dori.

Water-jar, n. Midzu-kame.

WAT

20I

WEL

Water-level, n. Midzu-mori.

Water-lily, n. Hasu, renge.

Waterman, n. Sendo, suifu.

Water-melon, n. Suika.

Water-pail, n. Te-oke.

Waterpot, n. Joro.

Waterproof, n. Midzu wo hajiku, mi-
dzu-gotaye ga ii.

Water-tight, a. Moranu.

Water-torture, n. Midzu-zeme.

Water-wheel, n. Midzu-gururna.

Water-willow, n. Yanagi.

Watery, a. Midzuke nam.

Wattle, t. v. Take koyeda nado nite
amu.

“Wave, n. Nami.

Wave, t. v. Hirameku, hiramekasu, hi-
rugayeru, furu, yudzuru.

Waver, i. v. Tamero, tayutau, sadama-
ranu.

Waving, Hempon, hempen.

Wavy, a. Uneru.

Wax, n. Ro. Bees — , mitsu-ro. White
— , hakuro.

Wax, i. v. Tsunoru, tsuyoru, masaru,
iyamasu, futoru, chojiru. Waxing and
waning of the moon, tsuki no michi-
kake.

Way, n. Michi, d6, doro, tsu-ro, ji, orai,
ton, yo, kurai, ho, shi-h6, shi-kata.
One’s own way, waga-mama, kimama.
To make — , yokeru, waki ye yoru. To
give — , makeru, shirizoku, yudzuru. By
the — , katawara ni. In the — , tochiu
ni. Any — , dodemo, ika yo demo. To
be in the — , jama. To lose the — , ma-
yo. This -*-, kono yo, ko-iu. Half — ,
nakaba, han-to. In the family — , ku-
wai-nin suru, nin-shin suru. To make
one’s — , shussei suru.

Wayfarer, n. Tabi-bito.

Waylay, t. v. Machi-buse wo suru.

Way-mark, n. Michi-shirube.

Wayward, a. Kimama, wagamama, ki-
dzui.

We, pro. Warera, watakushi-domo, wa-
re-ware.

Weak, «. Yowai, jii-jaku na, hiniyaku
na, usui.

Weaken, t. v. Yowameru, yowaku suru,
yowaraseru, usuku suru.

Weakly, adv. Yowaku.

Weakness, n. Yowasa, yowami, kiyo.

Weal, a. Tame, yeki.

Wealth, n. Zaiho, shinsho, shindai, to-
mi, takara.

Wealthy, a. Yufuku na, fukki naru, to-
meru, tomu. — person, kane-mochi,
choja, daijin, bugensha.

Wean, t. v. Chibanare wo suru.

Weapon, n. Dogu, buki, heiki.

Q*

Wear, t. v. Kiru, chaku suru, chaku-yo

suru, mesareru, mesu. — away^ ^uga-

reru, heru, herasu, chibiru. To — out,

ki-yaburu. To — a ring, yubiwa wo

hameru. — a sword^ katana wo tai su,

or obiru. — shoes, kutsu wo haku. —

gloves, tebukuro wo hameru. — a hole,

ana ga ugatsu.
Wear, n. Yana. The wear and tear,

suri-heru koto, mochiite itamu koto.
Wearied, a. Tsukareru, kutabireru, agu-

mu, umu.
Weariness, n. Tsukare, kutabire, taiku-

tsu.
Wearisome, a. Kutabire saseru, urusai,

wadzurawashii.
Weary, a. Tsukareru, kutabireru, agu-

mu, ito, taikutsu, umu. — of waiting,

machi-kaneru.
Weasel, n. Itachi.
Weather, n. Tenki, hiyori, jiko. Clear

— , sei-ten. Rainy — , u-ten.
Weather, t. v. Shinobu, korayeru, kaze

wo yokogitte toru.
Weather-board, n. Hame.
Weathercock, n. Kazami.
Weather-side, n. Kazakami no ho.
Weatherwise, a. Tenki wo mi-nuku.
Weave, t. v. Oru, hata-oru.
Weaver, n. Hata-ori.
Weavers’ beam, n. Chikaragi.
Web, a. Spider’s — , kumo-no-su.
Wed, t. v. Metoru, yomeiri wo suru, yo-

medori wo suru.
Wedding, n. Konrei, yengumi, konin,

yomedori, makubaye.
Wedding-feast, n. Konrei-burumai.
Wedge, n. Ya, kusabi.
Wedlock, a. Yengumi.
Wednesday, n. Sui-yobi.
Wee, a. Chiisai.
Weed, n. Kusa, zasso, mofuka.
Weed, t. v. Kusagiru, kusa wo toru.
Week, n. Mawari, isshu.
Weep, i. v. Naku, nageku, kanashimu.
Weeping willow, n. Shidare yanagi.
Weevil, n. Kome-mushi.
Weigh, t. v. Hakaru. — anchor, ikari

wo ageru. — in the mind, kangayeru,

kamben suru.
Weighing-beam, n. Tempimbo, chigi.
Weight, n. Mekata, kakeme, omosa,

bunriyo, kimme, fundo, omori, omomi.
Weighty, a. Omoi, tai-setsu na, omoru,

omotai, daiji na.
Welcome, t. v. Mukayeru, aiso wo iu,

motenasu, aisatsu suru.
Welcome, a. Yoi, ureshii, ki ni iru, yo-

rokobashii.
Welcome, n. Aisatsu.
Weld, /. v. Tsugu, awaseru.

WEL

202

WHI

Welfare, n. Ampi, anshin, tame, anki.
Well, n. Ido. — bucket, tsurube.

— crib, ido-gawa, igela. — digger,
idohori. Cleaning a — , idogaye. —
water, idomidzu.

Well, a. Tassha na, jobu na, mubiyona,
sukoyaka na, saiwai. Are you well?
gokigen yoroshii ka. Not — , ambai wa-
rui.

Well, adv. Yoku, yoroshiku, shika-to.
To speak well of, homeru. As — as,
mo, mata, yappari. Well enough, dzui-
bun yoi, kanari. Well of, utoku, kane-
mochi. Well to do, hanjo naru. Well
nigh, hotondo.

Well-born, a. Chisuji no yoi.

Well-bred, a. Sodachi no yoi.

Well-sweep, n. Hanc-tsurube.

Wen, n. Kobu, funriu,

West, n. Nishi, sai, nishi no ho, tori no
ho.

Western, a. Nishi no.

Westward, a. Nishi no ho ye.

Wet, t. v. Nureru, shimeru, uruo, nura-
su, shimesu, uruosu, fukumeru. —
from Jiead to foot^ dzubunure. — the
bed, ne-shoben.

Wet, a. Nuretaru, shimeritaru.

Wetnurse, ?i. Uba, omba, menoto.

Whale, n. Kujira. — bone, kujira. —
fish ing, k uj i r a-gar i .

Whaler, n. Kujira wo toru hito.

Wharf, ?i. Hatoba, ageba.

Wharfage, n. Age-sen.

What, adv. Nani, and its coinpozmds.
Idzure, ikan, ikani, demo. — manner,
do. — time, itsu. place, doko, dochi-
ra. — ki7id, donna, dono yo na, ika-
naru. — day, ikka. — person, dare,
dono hito.

Whatever, pron. Nani nite mo.

Wheat, n. Komugi, baku. — four,
komugi-no-ko, udonko. — grits, mu-
gi no hikiwari.

Wheedle, i. v. Hetsurau, kobiru, tsui-
sho wo iu, kigen wo toru.

Wheel, n. Kuruma. Four — ed car-
riage, shirinsha.

Wheel, i. v. Mawaru.

Wheel-barrow, n. Ichi rinsha.

Wheelwright, n. Kuruma-shi.

Wheezing, a. Zeizei to naru.

When, adv. Itsu, toki, itsu kara, itsu
made. Whenever, itsudemo.

Whence, adv. Doko kara.

Whencesoever, adv. Doko kara demo.

Where, adv. Doko, dochira, tokoro,
idzuchi, idzuku, idzukata, idzure.
Every — , amaneku, doko ni mo. A ny
— , dokodemo. No — , doko ni mo nai.

— it is, ari-dokoro, arika.

Whereabouts, n. Yuku-yc, ikidokoro,

arika, arisho, aridokoro.
Whereas, conj . . . . ni yotte, yuye ni,

ni tsuki, aida.
Wherefore, adv. Sono yuye ni, nani

yuye, naze.
Wherever, or Wheresoever, adv. Do-
kodemo, doko ni demo.
Whet, /. v. Togu.
Whether, adv. Dochira, ka, are, shiro.

— or ?iot, inaya.
Whetstone, n. Toishi, to (spec.) arato,

awasedo, aoto.
Which, Dochira. dore, dono. This is

the pencil — he made, kore wa ano

hito no koshirayeta fude da. What is

the name of the book — he is reading?

ano hito no yonde iru hon no na wa

nan da.
Whichever, pron. Dochira demo.
While, n. Toki, ori, koro, katagata, na-

gara. tsutsu, gatera. — in the way,

tochiu, do-chiu. — going, ike-gake ni.

Worth — , yo ni tatsu. Long — , hisa-

shiku.
While, t. v. Kurasu, utsuru, sugiru.
Whim, Deki-gokoro.
Whimper, i. v. Naku.
Whimpering, n. Naki-goto.
Whimsical, n. Uwatsuku, uwa-uwa

shite iru.
Whine, i. v. Unaru, naku.
Whining, n. Naki-goto.
Whip, v. Butsu, muchi-utsu, utsu.
Whip, n. Muchi.
Whirl, v. Mawaru, meguru, mau. (t. v.)

Mawasu, megurasu.
Whirlpool, n. Udzu.
Whirlwind, n. Tsumuji, makikaze.
Whisic, n. Hoki.
Whisker, n. Ho hige.
Whisper, v. Sasayaku, hisomeku, jigo

suru.
Whispering, n. Mimi-kosuri.
Whistle, v. Usobuku.
Whistle, n. Fuye, usobuki, kuchi-bu-

y e –

Whit, n. Not a — , chitto mo nai, suko-

shi mo nai, mijin mo nai.
White, a. Shirui, haku. • — of the eye,

shirome, hakumaku. — of an egg, shi-

romi.
White-bear, n. Haguma.
Whiten, v. Shiroku suru. (z*. v.) Shi-

roku naru.
Whiteness, n. Shirosa.
Whites, n. Shirachi.
White-wax, n. Hakuro.
Whither, adv. Doke ye, dochira ye.
Whithersoever, adv. Doko ye demo,

doko made mo.

WHI

203

WIN

Whitlow, n. Hiyoso.

Whitish, a. Shiromi ga aru, shiroke ga
aru.

Whizzing, a. Piyo to sakebu, hiyd to
sakebu, riu-riu.

Who, pron. Dare, dono hito, donata,
dochira.

Whoever,/w«. Daredemo.

Whole, a. Mina, subete no, issai, so,
mattaki, maru de, nokoradzu. — night,
yodoshi, yomosugara. — life, issho-
gai, issho.^ — year, nenju, maru-toshi.

— body, isshin, sosliin. — empire,
tenka itto. — world, sekai itto, hen-
kai. — day, shiijitsu, himemosu. —
heart, isshin, hitomuki-ni. — family.
kanaiju. Swallow — , maru-nomi m
suru. Upon the — , hikkiyo, shosen.

Wholesale, n. Kuchi de uru, oroshi.

— dealer, toiya, nakagai.
Wholesome, a. Tame ni naru, yoi, yeki

aru.
Wholly, adv. Mattaku, maru de, issai,

ichigai, ichidzu, kaimoku, kaishiki.
Whom, pron. Dare, dono hito.
Whoop, i. v. Sakebu, toki no koye wo

ageru, yobu.
Whooping-cough, n. Hiyaku-nichi-ze-

ki.
Whore, n. Joro, oyama, yujo, asobi-

onna. — monger, joro-kai. — house,

joro-ya.
Whose, pro. Dare no, dono hito no.
Why, adv. Naze, nani yuye, doshite,

doyu wake de.
Wick, n. Rosoku no shin.
Wicked, a. Aku na, warui, ashiki, fugi

na. — man, aku-nin.
Wickedly, adv. Ashiku, waruku, yoko-

shima ni.
Wickedness, n. Aku, tsumi, fu-zen.
Wicket, n. Kuguri.
Wide, a. Hiroi, haba, yoko.
Widen, t. v. Hiroku suru, hiromaru.
Wideness, n. Hirosa, haba.
Widow, n. Goke, yamome.
Widower, n. Yamome.
Width, a. Hirosa, haba, yoko.
Wield, n. Furu, tsukau.
Wife, n. Tsuma, kanai, niyobo, naigi,

kami-san, oku-sama, sai. Former — ,

sen-sai. Second — , nochi-zoye, gozai.

— and children, saishi.
Wig, a. Kadzura.

Wild, a. No, arai, kurii. — horse,
no’ma. — dog, no inu. — flower, no-
bana. Growing — , jinen-baye.

Wild-boar, n. Inoshishi,

Wilderness, n. Nobara, no, hara.

Wild-goose, n. Gan, kari.

Wild-land, n. Are-chi.

Wildly, a. Araku, kurute, kichigai no

yo ni.
Wildness, n. Arasa.
Wild-oats, n. Hagusa.
Wile, n. Te, tedate, tekuda.
Will, n. Ki, kokoro, nozomi, kokoro-
zashi, riyoken, omoi. Verbal — , yni-
gon. Written — , ijo, yui-sho. 77/ — ,
urami. Good — , shinsetsu, nengoro.
As you — , dzuii, orao-‘mama.

Will, t. v. Sadameru, iru, hossuru, ne-
gau, nozomu. As expressing an in-
clination of mind, it is formed by the
terminal suffix 6, sho, dearo, n. as yu-
ko, or yuki-masho, I will go, or would
like to go, or, am thinking of going.
Will you, or will you not ? iru ka ira-
nu ka. Will he go ? yuku de aro ka.
He will not go, yuki-masen, or {if there
is some doubt), yuki-masumai.

Wilful, a. Kimama no, wagamama
no, kataiji na, hoshii-mama,

Wilfully, adv. Waza to, kokoro kara,
wagamama ni, kimama ni.

Willingly, adv. Shinkara, shinsetsu
ni, nengoro ni, kononde.

Willow, n. Yanagi, aoyagi.

Wilt, t. v. Hinayeru, shioreru, shina-
riru, shibomu.

Wily, a. Warugashikoi.

Win, t. v. Katsu, yeru, toru, shori wo
toru.

Wince, t. v. Tajiroku, biku-tsuku, biku
biku suru.

Wind, n. Kaze, fu. Fair — , jumpu.
Contrary — , giyakufu. State of — ,
kaze-riami.

Wind, t. v. Maku, kuru, mato, mawaru.
To — up, maki-ageru. — backwards,
maki-modosu.

Windlass, n. Sachi, manriki.

Window, n. Mado. — sash, shoji. —
glass, giyaman. — shade, misu, su-
dare. — shutter, mado-buta.

Windptpe, n. Nodobuye, fuye.

Wind-vane, n. Kazami, kazejirushi.

Windward, n. Kaza-kami.

Windy, a. Kaze fuki-gachi na.

Wine, n. Sake, budoshu.

Wine-bibber, n. Sake-nomi.

Wine-cask, n. Saka-daru.

Wine-glass, n. Sakadzuki, hai.

Wine-merchant, n. Saka-doiya.

Wine-party, n. Saka-mori, shuyen.

Wing n. Tsubasa, hane, hagai. On the
— , tonde.

Wink, z. v. Matataku, me wo utsu, raa-
jiroku. To beckon by winking, megu-
wase wo suru.

Winner, n. Kachi-te, yeru hito.

Winnow, t. v. Hiru, hi-dasu, aogu.

WIN

204

WOR

Winter, n. Fuyu, to. — solstice, toji.
Winter-quarters, n. Fuyu-gomori.
WlNTERY, a. Fuyu no, fuyumeku, fuyu-

rashii.
Wipe, t. v. Fuku, nugu. — away a

reproach, haji wo susugu. — out, nu-

gui-otosu.
Wire, n. Harigane. — drawer, hari-

gane-shi. — gauze, kana-ami.
Wisdom, n. Chiye, sai, saino, saichi,

chishiki. — tooth, osoiba.
Wise, a. Kashikoi, riko na, chiye aru.

— man, chisha.
Wisely, adv. Kashikoku.
Wish, i. v. Hoshii, hossuru, nozomu,

negau, also the suffix tai. / wish to

go, yuki tai. Do not wish to go, yuki-

raku nai. I wish you much joy, ome-

deto. / wish that, negawakuba. As

one wishes, hoshii-mama.
Wish, n. Negai, nozomi, guwan, guwan-

no, hon-guwan.
Wishfully, adv. Hoshiku.
Wisteria, n. Fuji.
Wistful, a. Hoshii.
Wit, n. Chiye, share, saichi. To wit,

sunawachi.
Witch, n. Ma-tsukai onna, ichiko, miko.
Witchcraft, n. Maho-tsukai.
With, prep. De, nite, ni, wo mbtte, to-

mo ni, issho ni, doshi.
Withdraw, t. 7>. Shirizoku, hiku, noku,

hiki-toru, tori-modosu, kayeru.
Withe, n. Heida, higo.
Wither, 1. v. Kareru, shibomu. (t. v.)

Karasu.
Withhold, t. v. Osayeru, hanasanu, da-

sanu, hikkomu, yaranu.
Within, prep. Uchi, naka, chiu.
Without, prep. Soto, hoka, nai, nakute,

nakereba, also for7ned by the neg.

sujf. dzu, followed by ni, as, He re-
turned the pen without using it, fude

•wo tsukawadzuni kayeshita. Diedwith-

otit seeing it, midzu ni shinda. Better
without it, nai ho ga yoi. Cannot do

without it, nakute kanawanu.
Withstand, t. v. Fusegu, kobamu, sa-

karau, tekitau.
Witness, n. Shoko, shoko-nin, sho-nin.
Witness, t. v. Shoko suru, miru.
Witticism, n. Share-goto, odoke-bana-

shi.
Witty, a. Kokkei na, riko na.
Wizard, n. Maho-tsukai.^
Woe, n. Sai-nan, kanashimi, wazawai.
Woeful, a. Kanashii.
Wolf, n. Okami.
Woman, n. Onna, fujin, jo. An old — ,

roba, obaa-san.
Womanish, a. Onna-rashiki.

Womanlike, a. Onnarashii, memeshii.
Womanly, a. Onna no subeki, onna no

michi ni kanau.
Womb, n. Shikiu, kobukuro, kotsubo.
Wonder, i. v. Ayashimu, odoroku, ibu-

karu, fushin ni omo, kanshin suru.
Wonder, n. ^ Ayashimi, odoroki, fushigi,

heni, henji. To be struck with — ,

bikkuri suru, akireru.
Wonderful, a. Ayashii, fushigi na, ki-

miyo na, miyo naru, medzurashii, kitai

na, henna, kikuwai na.
Wonderfully, adv. Fushigi ni, kimiyd

ni, ayashiku.
Won’t. Iya da yo.
Wont, i. v. Nareru.
Woo, /. v. Yendan suru.
Wood, n. Ki, takigi, maki, moku, boku,

hayashi, zai-moku. Quality of — t

kiji. — taste, kiga.
Woodcutter, n. Kikori.
Wooden, a. Moku, ki. — horse, moku

ba. — idol, moku butsu, mukuzo. —

bowl, ki-bachi. — sword, ki-dachi,

boku-to. — taste, ki-ga. — ware, ki-

gu. — nail, ki-kugi. — pillow, ki-

makura. — ticket, kan-satsu. — comb y

ki-gushi.
Woodlouse, n. Ome-mushi.
Woodpecker, n. Kitsutsuki.
Woody, a. Hayashi no 6i.
Woof, n. Yoko, nuki.
Wool, n. Ke.
Woolen, a. Ke de tsukuru. — cloth,

rasha, ke no ori-mono.
Word, n. Ji, moji, kotoba, gon, gen-

gon, gongo, tayori, otodzure, inshin.

— for word, kotoba-utsushi ni. — of

mouth, kojo. In a — , mijikaku iye-

ba.
Work, n. Shigoto, hataraki, shita mono,

saiku, waza, shi-waza. To set to — ,

shigoto ni tsukeru. The time spent in

— , tema. To go to — , shi-kakeru.
Work, i. v. Shigoto suru, hataraku, ho-

neoru, suru, nasu, itasu, saiku suru, ne-

reru, neru, tsutomeru, hoko suru. To

work a ship, fune wo tsukau. To — a

machine, kikai wo tsukau.
Workhouse, n. Kiu-iku-jo.
Working, n. Guai, ambai. — day, shi-

gotobi.
Workman, n. Shoku-nin, shigoto-shi,

saikunin.
Workmanlike, a. Tegiwa na, yoku de-

kita, jodzu na.
Workmanship, n. Tegiwa, saiku, deki-

bai. Bad — , busaiku.
Workshop, n. Shoku-ba, saiku-ba.
World, n. Sekai, chikiu, tenchi, ten

seken, yo, sejo, seji. Other — , nochi

.

WOR

205

WRY

Present

genze, kono-yo,

no yo
ukiyo.
Worm, n. Mushi. Earth — , mimidzu.

— eaten, mushi-kui, inushibami. —
medicine, mushi-gusuri, mushi-osaye.

Worried, a. Komaru, wadzurawashii.

Worry, i. v. Komaru, komaraseru, anji-
ru, segamu.

Worse, a. Nao warui. . . . yori warui,
otoru. Grow — and worse, kojiru,
zocho suru.

Worship, t. v. Ogamu, matsuru, hai
suru, uyamau, agameru, son-kiyo suru,
inoru, kito suru.

Worship, n. Matsuri, hairei, sairei, inori,
kito.

Worst, a. Goku warui, ichi-ban warui.

Worst, t. v. Katsu, makasu.

Worsted, a. Makeru, fukaku suru.

Worth, n. Atai, nedan, ne, riyo, dai.
A man of great — , ko no aru hito.

Worth, a. Ataru. How much is one
day^s labor — ? ichi nichi no shigoto
wa ikura ni ataru, or, ichi nichi no te-
machin wa ikura. It is — half an
ichibu, ni-shu ni ataru. Not — a cent,
ichi mon ni ataranu. How much is he

— ? ano hito no shinsho wa ikura. Not

— speaking of, iu ni taranu, toru ni ta-
ranu.

Worthless, a. Ne uchi ga nai, yo ni
tatanu, yaku ni tatanu, yakuza-na.

Worthy, a. Tattobu, ko no aru. Not
worthy of praise, homeru ni taranu.

Would, t. v. If it were me I — go, wa-
takushi nara yuki-masho. It — have
been better if I had not come, koneba
yokatta mono wo, or, koneba yokatta
ni. If I cotcld I — do it, dekiru nara
shimasho. How — you like to go ?
anata oide nashite wa ikaga. Would
you like to do so ? anata so nashite wa
ikaga, or, so itashito aozaru ka.

Wound, n. Teoi, kidzu, kega, itade.
Slight — , asade. Severe — , omode.

Wound, t. v. Teoi ni suru, te wo owa-
seru, kidzu wo tsukeru, kidzutsuku.

Wrangle, t. v. Araso, koron suru, soron
suru, serifu wo iu, geki-ron suru.

Wrap, t. v. Tsutsumu, mato, maku, ka-
kusu. To be wrapped up in, kori-ka-
tamaru, hamaru.

Wrapper, n. Tsutsumi, furoshiki, fukusa.

Wrath, n. Ikari, doki, ikidori, fundo.

Wreath, n. Hana-katsura.

Wreathe, t. v. Kumu, matou.

Wreck, n. Yabure, hasen.

Wreck, t. v. Yaburu, kowasu, sonjiru.

Wrecked, a. Kowareru, yabureru. Ship-
wreck^ hasen.

Wreck, t. v. — vengeance, ada wo mu-
kuyuru, fukushu suru.

Wrecker, n. Hasen no nimotsu wo ta-
sukeru hito.

Wrench, t. v. Neji-toru, nejiru, kana-
guru, motorakasu.

Wrench, n. Neji wo mawasu dogu.

Wrest, t. v. Nejitoru, fukuwai suru, ko-
jitsukeru.

Wrestle, i. v. Sumo wo toru, kumi-au,
nejiau, jidori wo suru.

Wrestler, -n. Sumotori.

Wrestling, n. Sumo, jidori, yawara,
jujutsu.

Wretch, n. Yatsu.

Wretched, a. Nangi na, nanju na, iya-
shiki, kitanai, warui, ashiki.

Wriggle, i. v. Agaku, furu.

Wring, t. v. Shiboru, nejiru. — off,
neji-kiru, neji-oriru. — out, neji-shi-
boru. — from, yusuru.

Wrinkle, n. Shiwa.

Wrinkle, t. v. Shiwa wo yoseru, hiso-
meru, shiwamu, shiwameru, shikameru,
shikamu.

Wrist, n. Te-kubi.

Wristband, n. Sode-guchi.

Write, t. v. Kaku, shitatameru, sho
suru, shirusu. — in, kaki-ireru. To
— down, kaki-noseru. — over again,
kaki-kayeru, kaki-naosu. To omit to
— , kaki-morasu, kaki-otosu. To — to,
tegami wo okuru. To correct by writ-
ing, kaki-naosu. — for a li7>ing, hikki.

Writer, n. Kakice, sakusha, hissha.

Writhe, i. v. Moyayeru.

Writing, n. Tenarai, kaki-tsuke. — on
walls, etc., rakugaki. Hand — , te. —
master, tenarai-jisho. — school, tera-
koya. — materials, riyoshi.

Writing-book, n. So-shi, tenarai-zoshi.

Writing-master, n. Tenarai shisho.

Writing-school, n. Tenarai-ba.

Wrong, a. Ashii, warui, mutai, yoku
nai, hi, machigai, sokonai, chigai, son-
dzuru, ayamaru. — end uppermost,
saka-sama, abekobe ni. — side out,
ura-gayeshi ni, abekobe ni. Written
— , kaki-sokonai. Done — , shi-soko-
nau, shi-ayamuru, shi-sonjiru. Speak
— , ii sokonau, ii-chigai. Hear — , kiki-
sokonau. To do — , gai wo nasu.

Wrong, t. v. Sokonau, gai-suru, muri
wo suru.

Wrongfully, adv. Muri ni, midari ni,
muhoni.

Wrought, /n’/. Shita, dekita. — iron,
kitaigane.

Wry, a. Nejireru. — face, shikami-
dzura.

YAR

206

ZOO

Yard, n. Niwa. — of a sail, hogeta,
ketabo. — measure, — san-jaku.

Yard-stick, n. Gofuku-zashi.

Yarn, n. Ito.

Yawn, ». Akubi. To — , akubi suru.

Yea, adv. Ge ni mo, jitsu nT, shikari.

Year, n. Toshi, nen, sai. New — ,
shin-nen. This — , kotoshi, to-nen.
Last — , kiyo-nen, saku-nen. — be/ore
last, otodashi, issaku-nen^ kiyo-kiyo-
nen. Next — , rai-nen, miyo-nen. —
after next, sarai-nen. — by year, to-
shi-nami, toshi-doshi, nen-nen. Al-
ternate — , kaku-nen. Whole — , nen-
ju. Fixed — , nengen, nenkiri. With-
in the — , nennai. For years past, nen-
rai. Number of — , nensu.

Yearly, a. Toshi-doshi, nen-nen, mai-
nen. — a?nou?it, nembun.

Yearn, i. v. Shitau, ai suru, itawaru.

Yeast, n. Tane, koji.

Yelk, n. Kimi.

Yell, i. v. Sakebu, naku, wameku.

Yellow, a. Ki-iro, ki, kibamu.

Yelp, i. v. Naku.

Yes, adv. Sayo, hei.

Yesterday, n. Kino,sakujitsu. — morn-

ing, kino no asa, saku-cho. — evening,

sakuban.
Yet, adv. Mada, nao, mata, imada, so-

no uye. Not — , mada. Not yet come,

mada konu.
Yield, /. v. Dekiru, shodzuru, yudzuru,

kosan suru, shitagau, fukusu, kuppuku

suru, kussuru, nabiku.
Yield, n. Deki.
Yoke, n. Kubi-ki. To — , kubiki wo

hameru.
Yonder, adv. Asuko. achira, soko.
Youngest child, n. Basshi, otogo.
You, pro. Anata, omaye, nanji, temaye,

kisama, sokka, sonoho, sonata, kiden,

go, o.
Young, a. Wakai, itokenai, osanai. Al-
ways — , fu-ro.
Young, a. Ko.

Your, pro. Anata no, omaye no.
Yourself, pro. Anata-jibun, jibun, ji-

shin, midzukara.
Youth, n. Wakai toki, itokenai toki, y6-

sho.
Youthful, a. Wakai, itokenai, osanai,

jakunen.

Zeal, n. Kisaki, kekki.

Zealous, a. Hagemu, fumpatsu naru,

benkiyo naru.
Zigzag, a. Une-kune, chidori-gake, gan-

gi, giku-giku.

Zinc, a. Totan, ayen. Sulphate of — ,

kohan. Flowers of — , ayen-kuwa.
Zoology, n. Dobutsu gaku.

THE END.

Glfi

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