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atlhttp : //books . qooqle . com/



ERNEST MASON SATOW (now Sir E. Satow, G.C.M.G.)











Feinted by The Shueisha, T6kt5.


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FiitsT Edition. (Post 16mo., xiv-f-366 pp.) January, 1875 .
By Ernest Mason Satow, Japanese Secretary to
H. M. Legation at Yedo, and Ishibashi Masakata,
of the Imperial Japanese Foreign Office.

Second EDraoN. (Post 16 mo” xvi + 415 pp.) January,
1879. By Ernest Mason Satow, B.A., Second
Secretary and Japanese Secretary to H. M.
Legation at Yedo, and Ishibashi Masakata, a
Secretary of the Japanese Foreign Office.

— •”f^ み’

cm of J K.7amagwS:


During the (inartcr of a century which has elapsed since the issue of the last
cKlition o£ this Dictionary the vocabulary of the- Japanese Spoken Language has
been enriched by the addition of n very considerable body of fresh terms,
technical and other. Some already existed in the literary language, others have
been new]y coined to meet the varied needs of New Japan ; but all, or nearly all,
are ” omico- Japanese ,,, and as such have necessarily found their way into conver-
sational use through the medium of the Written Language, — the press, the
platform, and the bar being largely instrumental in gaining them colloqnial
currency. The process of colloqnialization, however, is not yet, perhaps never
will be, complete, and educated Japanese, to whom alone such terms are fully
intelligiDle, probably have the written character before their mind’s eye while
conversing. These considerations account for the only innovation in the present
edition of this work calling for special remark here,— the insertion, namely, of
Chinese characters wherever it appeared that their presence would add to the
interest and general utility of this compilation, which, despite this new departure,
remains, both in respect of vocabulary and grammatical forms, substantially a
dictionary of the Spoken Language.

How much this, the third, edition owes to preYions issues those acquainted
with its predecessors, which appeared in 1875 and 1879, will see for themselves.
l?oi’ help in its preparation, the thanks of the present compilers, who undertook
tlic task of revision and enlargement at Sir Ernest Satow’s instance in 1898, are
in the first place and in the largest measure due to Mr. Amakiira Kokunosuke of
the ” Japan Daily Mail Mr. Kakiucbi Kibo of the Imperial Household Depart-
ment, Mr. Kanazawa Hisashi of the Tokyo Higher Commercial School, Mr.
Watanabe Genjh’d of Nagoya, and Mr. Ozawa Ryoldcbi of Yokohama, each of whom
has, over one section or another of tlie work, rendered invaluable, indeed indis-
pensable, assistance. As works of reference Messrs. Eastlake and TanaliasM’s
Japanese Translation of Webster’s Dictionary, the Unabridged Japanese-English


Dictionary ” of Captain F. Brinkley and Messrs. F. Nan jo and Y. Iwasaki, the
” English- Japanese Dictionary ” of Mr. Y. Shimada, and Mr. J. H. Gtibbins’
” Dictionary of Chinese-Japanese Words ” have been consulted with great advan-
tage, while many of tlie military terms have been taken from the ” Dictionary of
Military Terms and Expressions ” compiled by Colonel A. G. Churchill, late
Military Attache to H. B. M. Legation at Tokyo. To many other books and to
numerous friends the compilers are indebted for various individual words and

Eacli new edition of a dictionary is but a groundwork for its successor, and
nowhere is finality less attainable than in Japanese lexicography. Of the many
imperfections of the present work the compilers are fully conscious, and correc-
tions, additions, and suggestions will be at all times gratefully welcomed. 《 •

May, 1904.

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»^ h


‘ ei
や f




is pronounced like a in father, but is shorter,
(diphthong) like ai m aisle,
as in English.

like ow in cow, but soiincled at the back of the palate,
is soft as in choose, child.
as in English,
like e in pen.

(diphthong) like ei in vein.
between an English / and h.

in the body of a word, and in t ュ e particle ga, has the sound of ng in king ;
at the beginning of a word, and in words formed by recluplication, such
as goro-goro, gaia-gata, g has the hard sound of g in goat.

generally as in English ; the exact sound of hi can only he acquired by ear.

like i in machine ; in a syllable terminated by a consonfint like i in pin.

as in English.

as in English.

as in English.

when followed by ch, d, n, r, s, t, or z, as in English ; when followed by/, h,
ic, or y, it nearly resembles French terminal n ; when followed by g or k
it is pronounced like ng in king.

like in tobacco.

like in over, but more sonorous,
like ou in though.
as in English.

resembles an English v ; the exact sound can only be acquired by ear.
like s in sat ; the exact sound of sh can only be acquired by ear.
as in English,
like u in put.

resembles u in rude ; tbe exact sound can only be acquired by ear.
as in English,
as in English.

as in English. In the present (dictionary zu or dzu has been used as the
actual pronunciation of each. incliYidual word seemed to require. General-
ly but not always zu will be found to correspond to the Japanese Kami ズ,
and dzu to ヅ ; as, suzume, ス ズメ; tsudzumi, 、ク ヅミ.

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1. In words of pure Japanese origin each uneontracted syllable has. theore-
tically the same value ; and m fact, apart from the frequent quasi- elision of i and
u [vide § 6 infraj and the tendency of two succeeding vowels to coalesce in pro-
unnciation [vide § 5 mfraj, each sncli syllable lias the same quantity. This equal
spacing of the syllables, however, is not inconsistent with the singling out for
clearer enunciation of one or more of them, as in sukoshi, tori-shirahe. The
vowels differ in timbre, a and o being usually more sonorous, and therefore more
prominent, than i, u and e. Sometimes again, to borrow once more the ter-
minology of music, there is a perceptible, though to the European ear hardly
perceptible, difference of touch : kaki pronounced le<jato, meaning ” persimmon “,
is to be clistiDgi-iished from kaki with the a pronounced staccato, which signifies
an ” oyster ,,.

So far as this paragraph is concerned the only practical atlYice that can be
given to the foreign student is that he sbonld endeavour to educate his ear by
close attention to his Japanese teacher’s manner of speaking.

2. The rednplica-tion of a consonant throws .in accent on the foregoing
syllable. This stress ― the strongest occurring in Japanese 一 results from the
effort required to give clear and separate enunciation to each of the two

Ex : kai’ta ; yap’parl ; kon’nan ; Wtsui ; sas’suru ; tok’kyo ; rlp’puku.

The consonants so reduplicated are kk, mw, mi, pp, ss and tt. To these
must be added tch (for ch’ch or ts’ch), ssh (for fssh), and mj where the n sound is
doubled, g being itself pronounced ng.

Ex : j Weill ; mat’cha ; hes’shi ; nan’gi.

3. Quantity stands next in importance in determining the prominence to be
given to any one syllable.

Ex : lidru, siinen, datji, shosho, kori make trochees ; kajo, hudd, iambi ;
soda, aikyo, spondees ; meljiru, hdjlru, dactyls.

4. The occurrence together of two different consonants, the first ending, the
second beginning, a syllable, (in words of pure Japanese origin generally the
result of a contraction), throws a moderate accent on the first of the two syllables.

Ex : yon’ da ; isuisun’da ; mlon’ko ; hoton’do ; kurom’ho ; nan’ji ; kam/hen ;
mam’pnku ; sliim!po ; man’ki ; ten’jiru ; chim’pu.

^,: r


5. In the case of ae, ai (in pure Japanese words), ao, ei pure Japanese
words), ie, U, oe, oi and ul, the first of the two vowels is accented, though in pro-
minciatioii the two almost coalesce. In words of Chinese origin ai and el are true

Ex: atsura’erii ; ka’emasu ; hira’ita ; iada’ima ; 7ia’o ; IJca’o ; Kame’klo ;
IcJMa ; i’eha ; shi’ite ; Ici’Ua ; dbo’eru ; omo’imasu ; futo’i ; tsu’ite ; aru’ita.

In the case of ue and uo the second of the two Towels, which here again
almost coalesce, is accented.

Ex : Ue’no ; katsm’husliL

6. I and u are frequently almost mute, and therefore quite unaccented.

Ex : futa ; tasuke ; tsukareru ; suizokukwan (usn. written suizokkican) ;
hito ; (jeMken (iisu. written gekken) ; sekiken (usn. written sekken).


ft. u.

auxiliary numeral.

Civ. Co.

Civil Code.

Civ. Pro.

Code of Civil Procedure ( I 請).

Com. Co.

Commercial Code.

Cr. Co.

Criminal Code (1880).

Cr. Pro.

CofTe of Criminal Procedure (1890).


distinct, distinguisliecl.













indicates that the English word it follows is understood and used (often
in a corrupted form) by Japanese : e.g. diphtheria, ii. * ; jlptderia.

prefixed to a Japanese word or phrase indicates that the expression is
bookish or rhetorical, and as such to be avoided iu familiar conversation :
e.g. leisurely, f yHzen (悠然) ; not only so, 卞 shika mini mrachu.

follows and indicates the proper particle to be placed after the Japanese
equivalent of the object of an English verb or verbal expression ; where
the particle is not specially indicated the use of wo is to be inferred :
e.g. to bedaub, ni/miri-chirakasu ; to bedaub a gate with paint,
mo れ ni penki ido nuri-cJiirakasu ; to bestride, ni/matagaru ; to bestride
a chair, isu ni matagaru ; to dream of, nojyume wo miru.

follows and indicates, in cases of any difficulty, the proper particle to be
used after the Japanese equivalent of the English subject of a verb :
e.g. to be tliirsty, ica]nodo ga kawaiie iru ; that dog is thirsty, ano
iiiu 鶴 mdo (ja kawaite iru ; to catch, fire, 7ii]hi ga tsuku ; the curtains
caught fire, imdo-kake ni hi fja isuita.

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E. obj. + J. subj. signifies that the object in English becomes the subject in
Japanese : e.g. to need, t.v. iru [E. obj. + J. subj.] ; one needs
money, kane ga iru.

Tahe-ru. A decimal point placed before the terminal ru of Japanese verbs ending
in eru and iru indicates that the r does not form part of the stem of the
verb, which consequently, if ending in eru, belongs to the Second Con-
jugation, and, if ending in iru, to the Third Conjugation. All other
regular verbs belong to ihe First Conjugation, the r or other terminal
consonant forming part of the stem : e.g. 1st conj., horu (past tense,
hotta, contraction for horita), oku (past tense oita, contraction for okita) ;
2nd conj., tahe ru (past tense, iaheta), ne-ru (past tense, neta) ; 3rd conj.,
ochi-ru (pfhst tense, ocMta), mi-ru (past tense, mita).

The grammatical terminology adopted in the present edition is that employed
by Prof. B. H. Chamberlain in his ” Handbook of Colloquial Japanese”.

Adjectives are thronghoiit given in their attributive form.

In the case of a certain number of legal terms the Japanese Code in which
they severally occur is indicated in saiiare brackets ; vide list of abbreviations





A, art. There is no indefinite article
in Japanese. For a in the sense of
one hitotsu or iclii (一) compounded
with an auxiliary ntimeral is used ;
as, fune isso (—艘 ) a ship ; mikan
wo hitotsu Jcudasai, give me an
orange. In the sense of each, the
particle 7ii is placed after the rmme-
ral or auxiliary ntimeral ; as, four
yen a month, hito-tsuki ni yo yen
(四 圓); five sen a man, icU nin
(一人) ni go sell (五 錢); or by de;
as, how much, a foot ? shaku (尺 j
de iknra. When a is placed before
a noun which represents a class, the
phrase to iu mono is often placed
after the noun in Japanese, but is
not indispensable ; thus, for a dog” is
a laithful creature, either inu to iu
mono wa chugi し忠 ま) ivi mon’ da,
or inu wa chugi na mon’ da, would

A. B., n. jdtd-sulfu (上等 水夫).

Aback, adv. to be taken , hik-

kuri s ; kimo wo tsubusu ; odoroku.

Abacus, n. (counting board) soro-

Abaii, ]prep. and adv. (of a ship) no
ushiro m ; (aft) tomo no ho ni ; sengo

. (船 後) ni; sembi (船尾) れひ ho (方) ni.

Abalienate, t,v. hoka e yudzuru.

Abandon^ t.v. (a custom) sute-ru ;
hai (廢) s ; yame’ru ; haishl (廢 j^) s ;

(an. intention) ; yosu ; yame’ru (a
patient as incurable) mi-sute-ru ; (a
person) mi-sute-ru ; oki-zari ni s ; mi-
hanasu ; mi-kagiru ; (a place) tachi-
noku ; shirizoJcu ; tachisaru ; saru ;
n?7cM ; taikyo (返 去) s ; (a right)
h5ki (放棄) s ; (a vessel) sute-ru.

to a case, saji wo nage-ru.

[p 磨., referring to the spoon used

for mixing drugs by doctors of the

Gninese school].

to hope, dannen (gff;ft) s ;

. omoi-klrxL.

to a wife, sal wo saru ; tsu-

ma ICO iki (遣 棄) s [Cr. Co.].

Abandoned, a. (lawless) muhd
(無法) wa; (profligate) dSm た w (道 樂)
na; hoto (放蕩) na; horatsu (放 培)
m; hdtd-burai (放蕩 無賴) na.

an fellow, dbrakumono ; 6w-

raikan (無 賴漢) ; muhd na mono.
Abandonment, n. (of a custom,
etc.) haisU (廢 it); (of a wife) iki
(遣 棄) [Cr. Co.]; (of a ship, to the
underwriters) ifu (委付) [Com. Co.].

of a right, kiken (棄 癯、

Abash, t.v. hadziikashime-ru ; haji-
shime-ru ; ni/haji wo kakase-ru.

to be ed, haji wo Jcaku ; haji-

ru; memboku (面目) w:o ushinau ;
hadzukashigam. [The verbis oft お
expressed by the adj. Tiadzukashii,
or by the phrase, ma ^ra warui].

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[ 2 ]


Abate, t.v. (a demand) make-ru ; ゆ
price) make’ru ; nebiki wo s ; hiku.

Abate, i.v. (in amount) heru gen-
ji.ru ; (of pain, heat, etc.) yawaragu ;
usuragu ; shidzumaru ; (of wind) ya-
mu ; nagu ; shidzumaru.

Abatemeut, n. (act of) equiv. of
Abate foil, by koto ; (of price) nediki ;

Abatis, n. rokusai (鹿 寨) ; shishi-

Abattoir, n. tosho (屠所); (for oxen)
togyuha (屠 牛 場) ; togyujo (屠 牛 所).

Abbess, n. amadera nojiiji (住持).

Abbey, n. ji-irf (寺院).

Abbot, n. hojo (方丈) ; jilshoku (住

-.. 職); ヌ》 ヌ (住持).

chief (of a sect) hossu (法主);
– (of the Zen sect) kansu (貫主).

Abbreviate, t.v. (a Chinese cha-
” racter) ryaku (畧) s ; (by omitting)
shoryaku (省 唇) s ; habuku ; (shorten)
mijilcaku s ; tsudzume-ru ; mijika-
me-ru ; yaku (約) s ; tsume-ru ; chiji-
me-ru ; tanshuku (短縮) s ; hashoru.

Abbreviated, a. ryaku shita.

character, ryakuji (唇 字).

expression, ryakugo (# 語);

ryakugen {^n)- ^ ^

sentence, ryaJcuhun (唇 文) ;

ryakku (蕃 旬).

Abbreviation, n. tanshuku (短縮) ;
gensei (减 省); (of an expression) rya-
kugen (客 言);’ ryakugo (畧 語); (act
of) equiv. of Abbreviate foil, by

– koto.

Abdicate, t.v. (abandon) svte’ru ;
– saru ; yudzuru.

to …… office, ji (辭) s ; jishoku

mm s.

to the throne, kurai wo

saru; jd-i (酗 位) s ; (in favour of
another) kurai wo yudzuru.

Abdicate, i.v. (from headship of
. family) inkyo (隱 居) s [Civ. Co.].
Abdication, n. (act of) eqmv. of
• Abdicate foil.. by koto (ot headship
of family) inkyo; (of tHrone) jo.-i.

Abdomen, n. hara ; shita-hara ;
tanden (丹 HJ) ; o naka ; pon-pon ; [the
last two chiefly used by women and
cMldren ; (med.) ka-fukvbu (下腹部).

Abdominal, a. shitahara no ; おな-
fukuhu no.

Abduct, t.v. saratte iku ; kadoicaka-
su ; tsure-noku ; vbai-saru ; yUkai (誘
W s [Cr. Co.].

Abduction, n. Jcadowakashi ; yilkai

Al>cl actor, n. kadowakashi ; yukai-
sha (誘拐 者).

Aberration, n. mental , sei-

shin-sakuran (精祌 錯亂 )•
Abet, t.Y. (instigate) nolshiri-oshi wo
s ; odate-ru ; keshi-kake-ru ; sendo
(jl 動) s ; kyosa (教唆) s ; tonari no.

country, rimpo (隣邦) ; rin-

goku (隣 國).

house, rinka (隣家).

prefecture, Jcinken (SS)-

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province, ringoku

to be to, nifsekkin {^)&) s.

Adjectival, a. keiyoshijd (形容詞 狀)

Adjective, n. kelyosU (形容詞).
Afljectively, adv. keiyoshi to shite.
Adjoin, t.v. (be contiguous to) ni/

Adjoin, i.Y. sessuru ; tonaru ; fu-
kin s.

Adjoining, a. sekJcin (接近) shite
oru ; fulcin no ; (next door, of a
house) tonari no.

house, rinka (隣家).

prefecture, rinken (隣 縣).

province, ringoku

Adjourn, t.v. nohasu ; noba shite
oku ; no/hinohe wo s ; mi-awase-ru ;
e れ fci (延期) s.

to indefinitely, mukigen

(無期限) れ”” お 《s.

to be ed for want of a

quorum, ryiikwai (流 會) 力 o mru.
[Mi-awaseru by itself means to
give up, and only when the date is
fixed can it mean to adjourn ;
as, shall we this till to-
morrow, kore wa mydnichi (明 H )
made mi-awasemashoka. Kore ica
mi-awasemasho ka means, ” shall
we give this up.”]

Adjourn, i.v. (disperse) sankwai (散
會) 5; (of a meeting) enkwai (延會 ) s.

Adjournment, n.. (dispersal of a
raeeting) sankwai ; (of a meeting)
enkwai ; (to a later date) enki ; hi-

Adjudicate, t.v. sahaku ; saiban
(裁判) s ; sa lcetsu (教决 ) s ; hanketsu

– i 判夹) s ; saidan (裁 ま s ‘, shindan
(審斷 ) s.

-Adjudication! n. saiban ; sahaki ;
saiketsu ; keitei (夾定 ) ; hanketsu ;
shindan ; shinkoku (審告 ) ; (act of)
equiv. of Adjudicate foil, by koto..

of bankruptcy, hasan-sen-

koku (被產 宣告) [Com. Co., Civ.
Co ふ

Adjunct, n. fuzoku-huisu (附靂 物) ;
tsukimono ; soe-mono ; (grammar) zo-
fcw. タん M 屬詞) •


Adjure, t.v. issUn-furan (一心 不亂)
ni negau ; nesshin (f^i じ、) ni tanomu ;
(command) rd/gemmd (ま 命) s.

Adjust, t.v. (an affair) matome’TU ;
chowa (調和) sase-ru ; no/kaia xco
tsuke-ru ; (fit to) awase-ru ; (put in
order) naosu ; nojguai. wo naosu ;
seiton (整頓) s ; seiri (整理) s.

to one’s dress, emon wo


to be ed, (differences) short

(處理 ) s; (fit) au ; (of an affair)
matomaru; ica]kata ga tsuku.

Adjustable, a. to be , maiome-

rare-ru ; wa]chbwa ga deki-ru ; wa’]
Jcata ga tsukerare-ru ; ica]guai ga
naosare-ru ; wa~]seiton ga deki-ru ;
aicaserare-ru ; ica]seiri ga deJci’m,

Afljustment, n. shUsel (修整) ;. set-
7i ; seiion ; (act. of) equiv. of Adjust
foil, by koto ; (of accounts) keisan
(if^) ; (of a difference between in-
dividuals) naka-naori ,• (of a differ-
ence between states) short ; (of an
affair) chowa.

of finances, zaisei-seiri (財政

convention for the peaceful

of difierences, funso-hei-

wateki-shori-jdyaku (j^ 華 平和的 處
理條 約). 一
Adjutant, n.fukukwan (副官). ―

general, samfjo-sokan (蔘


battalion , daiiai-jukukwan

(大隊 副官). _ .7 T 7

garrison , yosai-juku kwan

(要塞 副官). 1

regimental , rentai-fuku-

kwan (聯隊 副官).
Administer, t.v. ton-atsukau ; oko-
nau ; kwanri (管理) s ; (govern) shi-
hai (支配) s ; tokatsu (統轄) s ; (laws)
shikkb (铁 行) s; (medicine) mma-

to …… a deceased estate, isan

(遣 產) “^0 kwanri s.

to a dose, ni/fukuyaku (JjR.

藥) sase-ru.

to an oath to, ni/seigen (誓

言) wo tate-sase-ru ; ni/sensei (宣
誓) wo sase-ru.

[ 18 ]

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[ 19 ]


Administration, n. (act of) eqiiiv.
of Administer foil, by koto ; (go-
vernment) gydsei (行政); (mode of
government) shisel (j^j^) ; (of an
estate) kwanri (管理) [Civ. Pro.] ;
kwanzai (管財); (of laws) Mkko

letters cf , kicanri-shosho

(管理 證 書).

Aflimiiistrative, a. kwanri suru ;
sJdhai suru ; (of government) gyosei

Court, gyosei’saihansho (行

政 裁判所).

Administrator, n. (of a bankrupt
estate) hasan-Jc wanzainin (被產 管財
人) ; (of a deceased estate) sentei-
kwanzainin (選定 管財人).

Administratorship, n. (of an

estate) kwanrisha (管理者) no shoku ;
. kwanzainin no yaku (^).

Admirable, a. kansUn (惑 心) na;
kampuku (惑 服) na ; (excellent) kekko
(結 據) na ; (of conduct) shimhyo
妙) na.

very (of design, execution,

etc.), zetsnmyd (絕 妙) na.

Admirably, adv. kanshin ni ; mi-
goto ni ; (of conduct) shimhyo ni ; (of
work) kekko ni.
most , zetsumyo ni.

Admiral, n. kaigun-taisho (海軍 大
Jif ) [alone, or before name] ; taisho
(大將 ) [alone, or after name].

rea>r , kaigun-shosho (海軍 少


vice , kaigun-chujo (‘海軍 中

將 )•

the (Commander-in-Cliief on

a station), shirei-chokwan (司令:p^

Admiralty, n. kaigunshd (海軍省).

council, shokwan-kwaigi (將

官會議 ).

Court of , kaigunsaibansho

(海軍 裁 列 所) ; kaiin-shimbansho (海
, 員 審判 所).

Admiration, n. kampiiku (惑
– 麵 shin (怒 心) ; shotan (賞 歎) ; shd-
歸 (賞 讃). .

Admire, t.v. (esteem) tattdbu ; kd-
fuku (服) s; chincho (珍重) s;
(praise) shoU (賞美) s ; home’ru ;
(wonder at) ni/ kanshin (ま 心) s ; ni 卜
kampuku {^M) s ; nijodoroku.

Admirer, n, home-ie.

Admiringly, adv. gerund of equiv.
of Admire is used ; as, kanshin shite.

Admissible, a. (of a plea) yurusu-
heJci [Civ. Pro.].

to be (of an argument), toru ;

(of an expression) tsuji-ru ; toru ;
(of eTidence) saiyd (探 用) sare-ru,
or ni nam ; irete mo ii.

Admissibility, n. equiv, of Ad-
missible foil, by koto.

Afliiiission, n. equiv. of Admit
foil, by koto ; (fact admitted) miio-
me《a koto ; (to membership in a
society) nyuicwai

no 二 except on business,

fnuyo (無用) no mono iru bekaradzu.

price of …… , nyiljoryo (人蕩 料).

ticket of …… , nyujbken
Aflmit, t.v. (receive as true) shodaku
(承諾) s ; shochi (承ギ s ; shbin (承
引) s ; mitome-ru ; nintei (i 忍定) s;
nindaku (認諾 ) s; (suffer to enter)
ire-ru ; tosu ; hairase-ru.

ing- xJiat it were so, taioe

so ni mo shiro.

it s of no doubt, utagai ひ


it s of no excuse, do shite

mo u-wake ga tatanai ; do shite mo
icahi-yo ganai ; do shite mo U-wake
no itashi-yo ga arimasenu.

these words do not of

sucJi a construction, korera no
kotoba ica Jcono imi ni wa mochii-

this ticket s me into the

theatre, kono kippu de shihai e

to a fault, tsumi 7ii fuku

(服) s. .

to light, akari wo tosu.

while ing that, to wa sho-
chi shi-nagara ; to wa iUnagara. ;
to wa mbshi-naqara.

Admittance, n. v. Admission.

Hosted by レ OO ヌ k


[ 20 ]


Admittedly, adv. expr. by peri-
phrasis ; as, ippan ni mitomerareru ;
dare ni mo miiomerareru.

Admixture, n. (act of) kongo (r^
合) sum koto ; mazeru koto ; (sub-
stance) Icongobutsu (igi 合 物) ; mazari-

Admonisli, t.y. (reprove), nijiken
(意見) び s, or kuwae’ru ; nijsetsuyu
(說 諭) s ; isame-ru ; imashime-ru ;
satosu ; (warn) nilkeikai (警戒) s ;
nilkydkai (教戒) s. ,

Admonisher, n. setsuyusha (說諭
者) ; chukokusha 、告 者).

Admonition, n. (act of) setsuyu ;
satoshi ; equiv. of Admonisn foil,
by koto ; (reproof) iken (意見) ; se-
tsuyu imM) ; kangen (諫言) ; (warn-
ing) keikai (警戒) ; cMkoku (忠告) ;
kunkai (訓戒).

Ado, n. sawagi ; sodo (騒動).

to make mucli about

nothing*, nan de mo nai koto ni
d-sawaqi wo yaru.

Adolescence, n. shonen (少年) ;
miseitien (未成年).

Adonis davurica, fukvjusd.
Adopt, t.v. (a resolution, by vote)
kaketsu (可 决) 5 ; (as a daughter) yd-
jo (養 ふ i ni 5, or morau ; て as a son)
ydsh レ (ま 子) ni s, or morau ; (as a
suggestion) saiyd (採用) s; mochi-
i’TTu ; tori-mochii’Tu.

ed child, morai-ho.

ed daughter, yojo (養女).

Adoption, n. ybshi ni suru koto ;
(leg.) engumi ; yoshi-engumi [Civ. Co.];
(of an opinion) saiyd (採用); (of a
resolution) kaketsu ( pJ^).

Adoptive, a family, yoka

(養家) [Civ. Co.].

father, ydfu (養父).

…… mother, yoho

parent, ydshin{^^).

Adorable, a. (deserving love) Tca-

waii ; kawairashii.
Adoration, n. (act of) equiv. of
Adore foil, by koto; (worship) son-
kei (尊敬) ; kdhai (敬 拜).

Adore, t.y. wi
(i^ 意) れ i: 仁 loaza-waza.

Adviser, n. sddan-aite ; jogonsha (助
言 者) ; kwangensha (勸言 者) ; cfi な –
kokusha (忠吿 者) ; (attached to a
dept.) komonkwan (顧問 官) ; sanji-
kwan (参事官).

legal • , horitsu-komon (法律 顧


Advocacy, n. (support) sat an (左
顯) ; kata wo moisu koto ; (vindica-
tion) moshiwake ; benkai (辯 解) ;
hogo (保護).

Advocate, n. (leg) daige 職 in (ft 言
A) ; hengonin (辯 護人); bengoshi.
(辯 護士) tCiv. Pro.] ; (partisan) kata
wo motsu hito ; mikata.
judge …… (mil.), riji (理事).

Advocate, t.v. (an opinion) ii-harv. ;
shuctio (主張) s ; tonae.ru ; shodd (ii 昌
道) s.

Adze, n. (bow-handled) chona ; (with
short straight handle) te-ono.

Aeginetia inclica, namban-Jciseru.
Aerate, t.v. nilkvki (空 氣) wo ire-ru
Aerated water, ieppd-midzu.
Aeranon, n. kUki zoo ireru koto.
Aerial, a. kaki (空 氣) no ; taiJci (大
0,) no ; (lofty) 6-ora ni sohiefa.

Aerolite, n. inseki (頃 石).
Aerometer, n. kenkiki (驗氣 器).
Aeronaut, n. fusen-norl (風船 乘).
Aerostat, n. Mhyu (氣 球) ; fusen (風

Aerostatical, a. heikijidsu no.

Aerostatics, n. heikijutsu (If 氣 術).

Aesthetic^ a. iki na ; furyU (MM)
na ; (in a depreciatory sense) johin-
himj. ; furyu-garu ; filryii-buru.

Aestlietics, n. sMmUgaku (審美 學) ;
himydgaku (麵妙 學).

Afar, adv. idku ni ; harnka ni.

from , idku yori ; empo (遠方)

yori ; harubaru to.

Affability, n. ingln (懇覯 ) ; teinei (丁
^) na koio.
with ….、•, ingln ni ; teinei ni.

Aftaole, a. (courteous) teinei na ; in-
gin na ; onko (溫 厚) na ; nengoro na ;
(easy of access) Jcigaru na ; shUa-
shimi-yasui ; choku na : cMkadzuhi’

Affably, adv. nengoro ni ; ingia ni ;
teinei ni.

Affair, n. koio ; jiken (事 #) ; koto-
gara ; ichijd (一條).

s (of a company, etc.), gydmu


naval s, kaiji (海事).

state of s, keisei (形勢);

yosu ; arisama.

state of s in a country,

kokujd (國 情).

Affect, t.v. (adversely) ni/saicaru ;
bogai (妨害) s ; (assume the airs of)
wo /Jcicioru ; (have effect on) ni/
hihiku ; ni jeikyo (科 響) s ; ni/sashi-
hiUku ; iii/kwankei (關 係) s ; (make
a pretence of) no j furl wo s ; ni/

to friendly relations, Jcon-

shin (懇親) no majiwari wo hogai s.

to be ed, eikyo wo uke-ru ; (as

a part by disease) m]yo (異狀 ) gob

to “bo ed by (moved by), ni/

kanji-ru ; ni/lcandd (惑 動) s.

to “be ed by the heat, shoki

(署氣 ) れ i aterare’ru, or at aru.
Affectation, n. furi, or buri, follow-
ing the word expressing the thing
affected ; (of manner) ncima-iki na
koto ; jifu (自 M).
Affected, a. unuhoreia ; nama-ifci

Affectedly, adv. unuborete ; nama-
ilci ni.

to talk , kidotte hanashi wo


Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 24 ]


Affecting”, a. kanashii ; kanid (惑
動) suheki ; awareppoi.
to be , kando sase-ru.

Aff’ection, n. (act of loving) itsuku-
shimi ; (between the sexes) rerribo (戀
慕); renjo (戀 ffi) ; (feeling of love)
aijd (愛情) ; jdai (情愛) ; j、iai (慈愛) ;
” (of parents) chdai (||^’) ; (sickness)
yamai ; sawari ; warui tofcoro.

one sided kaia-omoi.

to “be devoid of , wa’]jdai get


to feel for, wo / kawaigaru ;

wo/ai s.

Affectionate, a. nasake-bukai ; jd-
ai no fv.kai ; aijd no fukai.
an …… father, (慈父),
an mother, jibo (窓 母).

Affectionately, a. aijo-fukaku ;

Affiance, t.v. ii-nadzukes ; wa/kon-
in (婚姻) no yakusoku (約束) wo s.

Affianced, a bride, or hus-
band, ii-nadzuke.

Affidavit, n. (spoken) seigen (誓言) ;
seishi (誓詞); (written) senseisho (お’
誓 書) ; seishi (誓紙).

to make an , seiaen wo tote-

ru ; sensei s.

Affiliate, t.v. to/gappei (合併) s.

Affiliation, n. gappei.

Affinity, n. (connection) kioankei (Jg
係) ; (connection between persons)
innen (0^) ; e?i ( 緣); (in chemistry)
shinwaryoku {^^Wi3) ; (marriage re-
lationship) 671 (^) ; (of languages)
[Cr. Pro.] ; (from a ruling) kokoku
(抗告) [Cr. Pro.] ; (general) jdso (上
f?) ; (to a superior dept.) sogican (|^
願) [esp. from the Customs to the
petition of …… , kdsojo (控訴 狀) ;
koso-mdshUatesho (逢 詠 中立 書 j ;

jo/cok’iMnoshitatesho ( 上告 中 せ 書)

[Cr. Pro.] ; (from the Customs) so-

gwansho (禱具 書).
Appear, i.v. (become visible)
araware ru ; (before any public
authority) -shuftd (出頭) s; (in an-
swer to a summons, before a Court)
shutfd (出廷) s ; (seem) mie-ru.

^ ghost ed, hakemono ga

detcc. ‘

a goa s, kaml. qa slmtsuqen

(出 顯) s. •

it s to nie, waiakusM no

omou ni wa ; icatakushi ni tea


so it s, so to mie-ru.

Appearance, n. (likelihood) ybsu ;
keshiki ; moyd (模樣 ) ; (outbreak, of
a disease) hassei 羞生) ; (outward)
gwaikwan (ク 卜觀) ; katachi ; mikake ;
gwaiken (^^JL) ; (personal) 爾 i ; fa
(虱) ; fusai (虱 釆) ; yoho (容貌) ;
(state) yosu ; arisama ; tei (体) ;
kelkyo (景况 ).
outwara (as opposed to in-

ner reality), gwaikwan て タト 觀 )•

there is no of the rain

ceasing”, ame ga yamu yd na
keshiki tea nai ; ame no ymni-sd
na keshiki wa nai.
to keep up ….. s, gicaiken (タト 見)
wo tsukurou ; (of persons in public
positions) taimen (体面) wo tamotsu,
or iji (維持) s.

to make an (be ornamfental),

midate ga aru.

to put in an , kao-dashi wo s.

[Followed by “of being ‘, and an

adj is expr. by so ni after

the stem of the adj. ; as, with.

an of being” glad, v.reshi-

sd ni].

Appease, t.v. nadame-ru ; yaioarage-
ru ; shidzume’ru. ‘
to be d, icajki ga sumu.

Appellant, n. (from a judgment,
in first instance) kosonin (控誘
人); (in second instance) jokoku-
nin 上告 人) ; (from a ruling) kokoku-
nin (抗告 人); (to a higher Dept. v.
Appeal) sogicannin (訴願 入).

Appellation, n. meisho (名 稱) ; to 賺-
kata ; wybmoku (名目).

Hosted by Goo ヌ k


[ 50 ] APP

Append, t.v. soe-ru ; tsuke-ru ; kiiwae-
ru ; tsuika (追加) s.

Appendage, n. soe-mono ; fs ま-
mono : fukahutsu (附加 物) ; fuzoku no
mono; fuzokukin (附屬 i?h) ; f 鶴 ku-
&ま麵 物). .

useless …… , yokei (餘 計) na

mono ; zeibutsu

Appendicitis, n. chuydsuien (蟲檬
垂炎) •

Appendix, n. tsuika (追加) ; furoku
(附錄 ); ま o( 增輔 )• _ ,

vermiform , chuyosm (题檬


Appertain, i.v. to …… to, (belong
by right) ni/zoku (覊) s ; (relate to)
nilkwankei 舅 係) s.

Appetite, n. shokuyoku (食 愁);
shokJci (食氣 )•

to have a good , shokuji

(食事) susumu ; shokki ga aru.

to have a poor , shoku ga


ADpetizing’, a. oishl-sd na ; iima-so

Appetizingly, adv. oishi-sd ni ; uma-
sd ni.

Applaud, t.v. (by acclamation) kas-
sai (n^ 釆) s ; (by clapping the hands)
haku^hu (拍參 ) s ; (commend) home’
ru fshdsan {^M) s ; shdhi (賞美) s.

Applause, n. (acclamation) kassai ;
(clapping of hands) hakushu ; (com-
mendation) sJiohi ; shosan ; samhi

great , dai-kasscd (大喝

to win , kassai wo haku

(博) s.
Apple, n. 7ingo.

Adam’s , nodo-bone ; nodo-

hotoke ; nodo-dango.
of tlie eye, hitomi.

Appliance, n. dogu (道具).
.. .””.8, kigu (器具).
Applicability, n. (of a rule) tekii/o

(適用) ; (sTiitability) te/cito (適 當).
Applicable, a. tekly5 no dekiru ;

ate-hamerareru ; telcitd na.

to be to, (appropriate) nij

tekito s ; (as a rule) nijtelayo s
[ico after equiv. of Eng. subj.].

Applicant, n. negai-te ; negai-nin ;
(claimant) seikyusha (請求 者); (for
a post) Mhosha (希望者) ; shigwansha
(志願 去) ; (for a purchase) nozomi no
mono ; o nozomi no kata [polite] ;
(for shares) moshi-komi-nin ; dhosha
(應募 者) ; (petitioner) shutsugwansha
( 出 願 者 5 ; shuisugwannin (出鳜 入);
(to a Court of Law) s/imseimn (申請
人) ; mdshiiate-nin [Civ. Pro.] ; (to the
Customs) sUnkokuslia (申告

Application, n. (act of applying, as,
of a rule) tehiyd (M 用) ; (act of apply-
ing, in a literal sense) isukeru koto ;
haru koto ; choyo (貼 用); chofu (貼付) ;
(close study) henkyo (勉强 ) ; senshm
(募 心) ; (petition) negai ; seigwan (請
願); shutsugwan (出願); (petition,
written) negai-sho ; gwansno ; seigwan-
sho ; shitsugwansho ; (proposal) moshi-
komi ; (request) seikyu (請求) ; tano-
mi ; (to a Court of Law) shinsei (申請);
moshiiate [Cr. Pro.] ; (ditto, written)
shinseisho (申請 脅) ; moshitate-sho.
form, moshikomi-yoshi (申込

用紙). ^ , ,
medicine for external ,

gwaiyd-yaku (外用 藥 )•

practical (of a science, etc.),

dyd (應 用) • 1 ^

to make an , shutsugwan s.

written , negaisiio ; seigwan-

sho (請願書) ; moshikomisho.

Applied, a. dyo- (應 用) (れ o).

… chemistry, oyo-kwagaku

(應用 化 學)^ い _ – . V
mathematics, oyo-saiijutsu

meciiaiiics, otjo-jakaigaku

(應用 器械 fO. 一.,

tactics, oyo-senjutsu (應用


Apply, t.Y. (as, ornamentation to a
surface) hodokosu ; (carry out, rules,
etc.) shiko (施行) s ; (put one thing
to another) tsuke-ru ; kuwae-ru ; (put
to practical use) dyd s ; (refer as
STiitable to something) ate-hame’ru ;
(stick in) haru ; (use for a particular
purpose) shiyo (使用) s ; tsukau.

Hosted by



[ 51 ]


to money (to a purpose),

1mm wo muke-ru.

to (rules) strictly, reiko

(勵 行) s.

to the mind, nen (念) wo

ire-ru ; senshin ( 募 心) s.

Apply, i.v. (make application) moshi-
komu ; (petition) negau ; negai-de-ru ;
(of rules) wo]tekiy6 (適用) s [Civ.
-Pro.] [E. subj. + J. obj.] ; (request)
seikyu (請求) s ; fanomu.

to for, wojtanomu ; loojseikyu

(請求) s ; (to a Court) wo/shinsei
(串 請) s ; ico/mdshi-taie-ru [Civ.

to to (a Court), ni/shinsei

(申請) s. [The person applying is
termed shinseirdyi (串 請 入), the
person applied against hi-shinseinm
(被 申請 八)].
Appoint, t.Y. (fix) kime-ru ; (select
for a duty) sennm (募 住) s [Com.
Co.] ; (to an office) ninji-ru ; meiji’ru ;
ti-tsuke-ru ; nimmei (ft^) s.

ea day, ieijltsu (fe 曰); yaku-

soku shita hi. ‘

to be ed, ii-tsukerare-ru ; mei-

zerare-ru ; ninzerare-ru ; nimmei scire-

Appoiiltllient, n. (act of) equiv. of
Appoint foil, by koto ; (arrange-
ment with another) yakusoku (約束) ;
(office) yaku け殳) ; sjioku (職) ; (to an
office) nimmei (^^) [Civ. Pro.].

and dismissal, nimmen

(住 免).

the of Mr. A. as the Head

of the Bureau of Woods and
Forests is an act of gross
favouritism, A. Kun ga sanrin-
kyokucho (山={^:局長) ni ninzerareta
no wa 01 ni hempa (編 鎮) no shochi
(處 置) desu.

to take up an , shunin

(就任) s ; chakunln (着任) s.

Apportion, t.v. haito (配 當) s ; wari-
tsuke-ru ; bumpai (分 g ヒ) s ; hunyo
(分 與) s.

Apportionment, n. humped (分配).
Apposite, a. tekito (適 當) na.
Appositely, adv. tekito ni.
Appositeiiess, n. tekito.

Api>ositioii, n. (gram.) ddkaku

Appraise, t.v. (estimate) mi-tsumo-
ru ; (estimate value of) wo/nebumi s ;
no/neuchi xoof imu ; m/?ie wo tsuke-ru ;
wo/hijdka (評 價) s [Civ. Pro.].

Appraisement, n. hydka (評 贋)
[し IV. Co.] ; nebiimi ; neuchi wo tsukeru
fcoto ; (estimated value) hydkagaku
(評價 額) ; kantei-hagaku (鑑定 債 額).
Appraiser, n. hybkanln (評 |g 入);
(official) kcmteinin (鑑定人) [Civ. Co.].

chief (at Customs), kcmsa-

ん聽 -c/i ふ (鑑査 課長).

Appreciable, a. iJcuhun-ka no.

Appreciably, adv. ikubun-ka.

Appreciate, t.v. (esteem highly)
kampai (惑 ま s ; kmisUn (惑, じ、) s ;
(estimate justly) nehumi s ; shinka
liaM) shwu ; (motives, etc.)

rydsatsu (了察) s; sassuru ; (recog-
nize) mi-tome-ru.

Appreciate, i.v. (of price) toki
(騰貴) s.

Appreciation, n. equiv. of Appre-
ciate foil. h J koto ; (of price) idki.

Appreciatively, adv. homete ; sho-
san (賞 證) shiie.

Appr e Ciatory, a. homeru ; in Chin-
ese compounds san- (|^) ; as,

criticism, sampyd (證 評) ;

kohyo (好評).

Apprehend, t.v. (arrest) tsukamae-
ru ; hobaku (捕縛) s ; taiho (逮捕) s ;
た owi (拘 弓い s ; (fear) osore-ru ; kidzu-
kau ; kenen (懸念) s ; (understdnd)
mitome-ru ; rlkai s ; etoku

(貧 得) s ; satoru.

it is ed that , (no)

osore ga aru.

Appreliensioii, n. (arrest) hohaku ;
taino ; Jcdln ; (faculty of) saiori ;
rikai-ryoku ; (fear) kidzukai ; Ishimpai ;
OS り re ; kenen ; kokorodzukai.

Apprentice, n. shfigyblbkdnin (就 拳
奉公 入) ; mlnami [Civ, Co.] ; nenkibd-
konm (年季奉公 人) ; (of artisans)
mmarai-sei ; nenki-mono ; detchi : totei
(徒弟) ; (sea-faring) shugyo-sei (就
業 生).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 52 ]


s, schcol, totei-gakko (淀 弟

學 校).

Apprentice, t.v. detchl-hoko ni dasu ;
nenkiboko ni dasu ; nenki (年季) ni

Apprenticeship, n. sJmgydhdko ;

Approach, i.v. (in place) chika-yoru ;
tsume-yoru ; sekkin (接近) s ; (in time)
chika-yoru ; semaite ku.ru ; seppaku
(切迫)、, , 1

tlie bird does not let me ,

tori ga yose-tsukenai.

the time is ing”, jJjitsu (時日)

ga seppaku shite oru ; mo saki ga

mijikaku natta.

Approach, t.v. (another Govt.) ni/
kosho (交 ま) s ; nijkake-OM ; (bring
near) chikaku yose ru ; (come near)
e/chikaku yoru.

to closely (of place), ni/

sekkin s.

Approach, n. (act of) eqiiiv. of
Approach foil, by koto ; (of an
attacking force, storm, etc.) shiirai
(襲. 桑) ; (to a bridge) tamoto ; (way)
hairu michi.

Approacliability, n. (of a person)
chikadzuki-yasm koto.

Approachable, a. (of a person)

Approbation, n. (consent) iokushiti
(得心); shoin (承引); doi (同意);
(praise) shbsan (賞 讚).

Approbatory, a. eqmv. of Approve
used as aaj.

Appropriate, a. sod (相 應) na ;

tekitb (適 當) 篇 ; soio (相 當) 篇.
Appropriate, t.v. (embezzle) tsukai-
komu ; (set apart to a purpose) aie-
hame-ru ; senyo (萼 用) s ; (take to one’s
self to the exclusion of others) jibim
?i ひ ho e tori-komu ; waga mojio to s.
to public money to a pri-
vate purpose, kwankin (官金) wo
shiyo (私 Hi) s.
Appropriately, adv. tekuo ni ; sofo
ni ; soo ni.

Appropriation, n. (act of) equiv.
of Appropriate (t.v.) foil, by koto ;
(embezzlement) tsukai-komi.

Approve, t.v. yoshi to s ; ka (pJ) to
s ; (action taken) zenin (是認 5 s ;
sansei (賛成) s ; saiyd (採;^) s ; (a
proposal) nilsandb (賛同) s ; (consent)
shdchi (ft^) s ; shodaku (承諾) s ;
(of a Sovereign) kand (鑫納 ) s ;
(officially) ninka (認 ‘可) s; konin
(公認) s.

I do not much (of some-

one else’s action), amari kanshin
(惑’ じ、) shinai.
Approval, n. snochi ; shoin (承引).;
shodaku ; sansei ; (of action) zenin
(是認) ;、 (of a Sovereign) kand ;
(official) ninka (認可).
Approximate, a. oyoso no ; taigal

numbers, galsu {^Wc)’

Approximate, i.v. chikayoru.
Approximation, n. chikayoru

koto ; (of a calcnlation) gaisan (槪算 )•
Approximately, adv. chikaku ;

oyoso ; (at a rough estimate) gaisan

de ; zatto ; araJcata.
Appurtenance, n. fuzolmUn (附屬

^^Y’Juzokubutsu (附覊 物) [Civ. Co.].

Apricot, n. anzu (杏).
April, n. shigwatsu (四月); t wdz ま 1.
A priori, senten-teki (先天的) ni.
Apron, n. mae-kake ; mae-dare ; him-
kake ; (of a gun) hihuta ; (worn by
artisans) aburaya-san ; (worn by
wrestlers) keshd-mawashi.

waterproof (of rikisha), hiza-


A propos, (by the way) ioki ni ; isui-
de ni ; (opportunely) yoi toki ni ; ko-
7 ま窗 i (好機 會) m. リ 7 ”

that comes very , aita kuchi

ni hotamochi no yd da [prov.].
Apt, a. (quick to learn) nomi-komi no
hayai ; satori no yoi.

to (prone to), foil, by a verb

is usually expr. by yoku foil, by
the indie, pres., by -yasui or -gachi
suffixed to the indef. form, or by
yaya mo sureha ; as.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 53 ]


he is to “be anxious about

trifles, am hito ica yoku sasai
(墳杀 S) net koto vco ki (氣’ ) ni kakeru
hito da.

we are all to make mis-
takes, yo no naka no hito-hlto ica
mina ayamachi wo shi-gachi da.

to break, koicare-yasui.

to is also expr. by the deside-

ratiye form of the verb -tacjaru ;
as, .

to be to wither, yoku kare-

tagaru. ‘

Aptitude, n. tachl

that boy has a natural

for mathematics, ano ko ica

sanjutsu 術) no tachl fja ii.

Aqiiarmiii, n. suizokkican (水 族 ft).

Aquarius, n. (astron.) shitsuUnkyu
(室 瓶 宮).

Aquatic, a animal, suijii-

dbhutsii (水 住 動物) ; suisei-dbhutsu
(水棲 動物).

bird, midzu-ton ; sulcho


plant, midzu-kusa ; sidso


Aquefluct, n. siddo (水道).

Aquilegia atro-purpurea, (colum-
bine) odamaki.

Aquiline, a nose, kagi-hana ;


Arabesque, n. kavalcusa ; kam-

Arable land, (cultivated land, not
being paddy field) hatake ; hata ;
hata-chi ; kosakucM (耕作地) ; kochi.

Aralia edulis, udo.

Arbitrament, n. (as, of public
opinion) seisai (制裁).
to submit to the of war,

ikusa no kekkwa (結果) ni mcika-

Arbitrarily, adv. k’mama ni ; kidzid
(氣隨 ) れい, kaite ni ; hoshii-mama ni ;
nin-i (任意) ni ; jimama 7ii ; (without
consulting others) sendan ni.

Arbitrariness, n. ki- 鶴 ma ; kidzui ;
hoshi い mama ; nin-i ; jimama ; sendan ;
(of government) gyakusei (虐政).

Arbitrary, a. kimama na ; kidzui
na ; kaite na ; jihun-qatte no ; doku-
dan (J^ 斷) no.

Arbitration, n. chusai (仲裁).

award, chusai-kettei ; (writ-
ten) cMsai-ketteisho (f や 裁ま定 書).

tribunal, chusal-saiban (仲

裁 裁判).

Arbitrator, n. chusainin (f 中载 入).
Arbour, n, chin ; adzumaya.

wistaria fvji-dana.

Arc, n. (of a circle) kosen (孤 線);
yumi-gafa ; yumi-nari.

Arcli, n. yumi-nari ; (of greenery)
* ; ryokumon (綠 門),
triumplial …… , qalsen-mon (凱
旋 門). ‘

Archaeological, a. kohufsuaaJm-
teki (古物 學的) (no).

Archaeologically, a. kdbutsvjjaku-
JO wo shoskii (召集) s.

to join the , nyidai (入隊) s,

to leave the , taieki. (筵 役) s;

jotai (除隊) ni nam.

to serve in the , fulcueki (|]g.

役) s. ”

Army, a. gun- (軍); as, sur-
geon, gun-i (章 碧).

Aroma, n. kaori ; kohl (香 氣).
Aromatic, a. kaori no aru ; koki no ;

hoko (芳香) no aru ; kobaslm ; ii nioi


Aroiliifl, prep, no faaicari ni ; no
gv.ruri ni ; no meguri ni.

Arouse, t.v. (as public attention)
kwanki (喚起) s ; hlki-okosu ; (excite)
okosu ; har/emasu ; (from sleep)
okosu [; no/me wo samesase-ru ; yobi-
oJcosu:; (stir up) hikl-okosu.

Arraign, t.v. (accuse) kokuso (告
ITf) s.

Arraigninent, n. kokuso.
Arrange, t.v. (a number of articles
in proper position) kazaru ; hairetsu
(排列) s ; (for exhibition) chinretsu
(錄歹 iji s ; (in a row) nardbe-ru ; (make
plans for) nojteate wo s ; (on account
of another) tori-hakarau ; (put in
order) soroe’ru ; totonoe-ru ; (put to
rights) katadzuke-TU ; (settle) moto-
me-ru ; tori-matome-ru.

it is d that , ? k)

isugo (都合) da.

to beforehand, mae-motte

klme’ru ; no/te-hadzu wo s ; no/uchi-
aicase ivo s.

to “be d, (in order) .sorotte

i’ru ; narande oru ; kazatte aru ;
katadzuUe i’ru ; (of a matter) mato-
matte i’ru ; wajkata ga tsuita.

Arrangement, d. (act of) equiv.
of Arrange foil, by koto ; (agree-
ment) mdshi-awase ; (formal agree-

‘ ment) iori-kime ; (in advance, of a
programme, etc.) yotel (^^) ; (of a
room) torl-isuke ; (of exhibits) chin-
retsu (陳歹 ij) ; (preparations) shitaku
(支度); yoi (用意); tsugo (都合);
(putting in order) seiton (整頓) ;
setsubi (設備) ; (way of) sochi (装置) ;
(way of arrangiDg ornaments) Jcaza-

amicable , jidan (示談) ; ju-

たまれ (熟談).

an has been arrived at,

kydgl (協議) ga totonqtia.

change of- s, moyd-gae.

to make the necessary s,

tsugo ICO s.

Arrant, a. honid (本 當) no ; also
expr. by the adv. mattaku.

coward, dal no okubyd (flg


fool, dhaJca ; karabara.

rogue, (jokuakunhi (極惡 人).

that is an lie, maltaku

uso da.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 57 ]


Array, n. battle , ikusa no

some ; jinzonae ; jindaie.

Array, t.v. (dispose in order) nara-
te ru ; hairetsu (排歹 ij) s ; (dress) yo-
sou ; (of an army) no j jinzonae leo s ;
seiretsu (整歹 i】) sase-7’u.

Arrears, n. (of money) todokori ;
entai (延 j 帶) ; entalJdn 金) ; mi-

to be in , todokbru ; entai s

[Civ. Co.] ; (of work) ohurc ru ;

Arrest, t y. (check) fusegu ; todo-
me-ru ; tome-ru ; (seize) torae-ru ;
tori-osae-ru ; tsukainae ru ; meshi-to-
ru ; hobaku (捕縛) s ; taiho (逮: s
[Cr. Pro.] ; / ん in (拘引) s.
to be ed, haku ni tsuku.

Arrest, n. (mil.) klnko (禁 鋼) ; (pur-
suit and seizure) iaiho ; (seizure)
hobaku (捕 搏) ; (seizure and produc-
tion) koin.

close (mil.), jukinko (重禁

錮) ; heimon (閉門) [the former of
a private, the latter of an officer].

expenses of , talhohi (^捕


open (mil.), た e ひ (輕 禁錮) ;

kinshin (ii’li^) [the former of a
private, the latter of an officer].

release from (mil.), Jclnko-

f^omen (禁錮 放免).

to place under (mil.), k’mko

ni shosuru,

warrant of , taihojd (逮捕状).

Arriere-fief, n. hairydchi (萍領 ま也) ;
saiya (采邑 ),

Arriere-vassal, n. haishin (陪- 臣).
Arrival, n. chaku (着) ; tbchaku (到

in port, chakko (着 演).

s (of goods), chaku-ni ; iri-ni.

on , tsuki-shidai ni ; chaku,

or tdchakii, shidai ni.

on the ship’s , chakusen-

shidai (着船 次第) ni.

safe , anchaku (安着》

Arrive, i.v. tsuku ; chaku s ; tbchaku
(至 il 着) 5 ; (in a ship) ehakustn (^-
船) s.

to safely, huyi (to 事) ni

chaku s.

Arrogance, n. dhei (I^jR) ; of a (
風) ; gdman (傲慢) ; kdman (高慢).

Arrogant, a. ohel na ; oj-fi na ; go-
man na ; kdman na.

Arrogantly, adv. dhei ni ; offi ni ;
gdman ni ; kdinan ni, *

Arrogate, t.v. okasu ; sen-eisu (潜 越)
s ; sensho i 潜 冊 s.

AiTOg’atioii, n. equiv. of Arrogate
foil, by koto.

an act of , ekken (越 满) no

shogyb (所行).

Arrow, n. ya [a.n. lion [if,)].
Arrow-lieaflj, n. ya no ne ; ya-jiri.
Arrow-root, n. kudzu ; kuwal (慈

Arse, n. shirt.

hole, kdinon (Bl 門) ; shlri no

ana ; karamete.

Arsenal, n. zdhelshd (造兵廠) ; helJd-
seizojo (兵器 製造所) ; (at Tokyo) hd-
hel-kdsho (砲兵 工廠).

Arsenic, n. yosekl (眷 石) ; hiseki
(砒 石).

Arsenical, a. yosekl no ; hiseki no.

Arsenious acid, aUsan (亞妣 酸).

Arson, n. isukeU ; hokwa (放火) ;
(crime of) hdkicazai (放 } ^罪).

Art, n. (dexterity) takumi ; kornyo
(巧妙) ; udemae ; giryp (技倆) ; (fine)
hijuisu (美術) ; (mechanical) jufsu ;
(mttsu ($1 術 j ; geijutsu (藝 術).

s and crafts, gigel (技 藝).

the shipbuilder’s , zosen-

m^isu (it 船 技術).

works of , hijutsuhin (美 術


Artemisia, n. mocMgusa ; mogv.sa.

Arterial, a. ddmyaku (動脈) no.

Artery, n. ddmyaku (動脈).

Artesian, a well, horbmkl-


Artful, a. (crafty) ochaku (^^) na ;
kokatsu (狡 滑) na ; (skilfully made)
takumi na ; seiko (精巧) na.

Artfully, ady. ochaku ni ; kbkatsii
ni ; takumi nl : selko ni.

Hosted by



[ 58 ]


Artliritis, n. kicanseisu-Mnshb (鬭
節微衝 )•

Article, n. (a particular substance
or commodity) shim ; shmamono ;
huppin (物品 jl; (contribution to a
newspaper) tosho (投書) ; (editorial)
shasetsu (社 說) ; ronsetsu (論 說);
(grammatical) kwanshi (冠詞) ; (of a
treaty, etc.) kajo (箇條 ) ; jdkd (條 項) ;
jSmo お 條 目).

S of association, teikwan

(定 欺) [Com. Co.].

s of war, (junriisu (軍律).

for slap’s use, senybhin (船


definite , 力 ei た wxms/ji (定冠詞).

discussion of a bill by

, chikvjo-shingi (浑條 審議).

indefinite , futel-kwanshl (不


in the of death, (in articnlo

mortis), shinime ni ; shinignca ni.

ship’s s, senseldshb (船籍 證 )•

third (of a treaty, etc.), dai-

sanjo (第三 隙).

toilet s, fces/io/im (化 被 品).

Articulate, a. (distinctly uttered)
hakkiri shita ; Jwmnyo (分明) na >
meiryo (明 障) na. _

animals, kwanseisu-dobutsu

. (關節 動物).
Articulate, t.v. hatsuin (發 音) s.

to distinctly, hakkiri to

hatsuin s.

Articulated, a. (anatomy) kwan-

setsu (關 節) no aru.
Articulation, n. (anatomy) kwan-

setsu ; (sound) hatsuin.
Artifice, n. hakarigoto ; sakuryaku ;

hoben (方便); tekuda ; (to procure

money) sandan (算段).
Artificer, n. (skilled workman) mei-

shb (名匠); me’ikd (名工) ; ryoko (頁

ェ) ; (workman) fcojin ^xa) ; shokJcd


s, school, JdJcwcnijutsu-ren-

shffjo (機關 術 練習所).
Artificial, a. jinzo (人造) no ; jinko
(Ax) no ; saiku [MX.) shita ; in
compounds jmzd- 、入 造 j, or saiku-
(条 田ェ) ; (feigned) itsuwari no.

eye, ire-7ne.

flowers, isukuri-bana.

hair, ire-ge.

ivory, jinzo-zoge.

leg”, tsugi-ashi ; gikyaku (義

脚). ‘

mound, tsuki-yania.

nose, tsulce-bana,

tears, sora-nmnida.

teeth, ire-ha.

thing, saiku-mono.

Artificially, adv. jinzo de ; (feigned-

ly) itsuwatie.
Artillery, n. (body of men) hdhei

(砲兵); hdheitai (砲 兵隊); (guns)

taihd (大石 包) ; ddzutsu ; (science) ho-

jutsu 術).

driver, hbhel-qyosotsu (砲兵

馭卒) • 7 —

ammunition waggon, ho-

hei-danyakusha (石 包 兵 5 單^ 車).

park, hosho i^i^).

train, hdhei-shicho (砲兵 顿


coast defence , yosai-hdhei

(要寨 砲兵); yosai-hdheitai (要褰 砲

兵 滕). . ^ .
corps of and engineers,

hoko-heidan (砲 工兵 團 )•

field , (guns) yasenhd (野戰

石 包) ; (troops) yasen-hofiei (野敏 砲


foot , ioho-hohei (徒歩 砲兵).

horse ,lkihdhel (騎 砲兵).

mountain , (guns) sampo

(山 砲) ; (troops) samponei (山 砲

siege …… , kojoho (攻城 砲) ;
no yakusoku

(約束) ; ■ yakusoku ; (ditto, secret)
mikkwai (密會 ) no yakusoku.

house, machi-ai ; cteai-jaya ;

machiai -jaya ; kashi – seki [W.

Assignment, n. yudzurl – watashi
[Civ. Co.] ; (written) yudzuri-watashi-

Assig’nor, n. yudzurl-watashi-nin
[Civ. Co., Com. Co.].

Assimilation, n. (fig.) ddkwa ; (lit.)
shbkwa (f 肖 化).

Assimilate, t.y. (bring into confor-
mity) onajiku s ; ichiyo (一 樣) ni s ;
(fig., ideas) dokwa s ; (of food)
shbkwa s.

Assimilative, a. ddkwa-ryoku (同化
力) メ aru.

Assist, t.v. ieisuaau ; tasuke-ru ; ni/ie
wo kasu ; hosa (^jfe) s ; joryolcu
(助力) s ; (further the interests of)
no/shusen (周旋) wo s ; nojsewa wo s ;
(relieve) sukuu ; fujo (扶助) s; (suc-
cour) tasuke-ru ; (unite forces with)
ni/kasei (力 U 勢) s.

Assistance, n. tetsudai ; joryoku ;
hosa ; (furtherance of interests) jin-
ryoku (盡 力); sewa ; shusen (周旋);
.(in danger) kyUjo (救助); Jeyusai
(救 濟); (pecuniary) hojo (稀 助);
(reinforcements) enjo (援 U 力),
divine , myoga {^VU)-

Assistant, n. tetsudai-nin ; (clerk)
shoki (書 IE) ; (shopman’s) tedai ;
(doctor’s) ioshu (ぬ 手); (to parties in
a suit, not being a barrister) hosanin
(補佐 人) [Civ. Pro.]. In compounds

is often expr. by jo (助) or ho

(補) ; as,

…… mayor, joyaku (助役).

teacher, j’o7c2/5 ( 助教).

consular , rydjiho (體事 補).

Associate, n. (companion) tomo-
dachi ; nakama ; hobai (明 ||).

Associate, • i.v. to with, (in

business) to/kumi-au ; iolkyoad (共
同) s •, (socially) tolmajiwaru ; io/
tsuki-au ; ni/chikadzuku.
Associate, t.v. (to join with one as
a partner, etc.) kyodo (共同) s ; (con-
nect in thought) renso, (i^^J s.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 63 ]


the crow is d with, the

cherry (in Japanese art), karasu
ga sakura no tsukimono da.

to “be d with, nijsanyo

(參與 ) s ; as,

tlie people are d with the

sovereign in the government
of the country, jimmin (入 民) ひ”
kokud (國 王) to tomo ni koJcusei
(國 政) ni Sanyo s.
Associate-judge, n. • balseki-hanji
(陪席 判事).

Association, n. (a society) nakama ;
shachu (社中); kumi-ai ; kybkwai
(協 會) ; (body of persons) dantai
(Hti) ; (commercial) stiokicai 會) ;
kwaisha (會 社) ; kumi-ai [Civ. Co.,
Com. Co.] ; shadan (社 圑) [Civ. Co.] ;
(state of being associated, of persons)
majiicari ; tsuki-ai.

of ideas, kicannen-rengd (觀 念

聯合); m は 5 (聯想). ‘

articles of , teilman (定款)

[Com. Co., Civ. Co.]. _

evangelical , fiikuin-kyb-

7i:u’aU 福音 教會 ).

Assort, t.Y. nojkuchi-wake ico s ; woj
tori-imke-ru ; no/mi-wake wo s ; no/
bimrul (分類 5 ICO s. •
ed (various), iro-iro no.

Assortment, n. (act of) kuchi-wake ;
bunrui ; rui-icake.

an of goods, iro-iro no mono ;

kakushu (各種) no shinamono.

Assuage, t.v. (anger) nadame-ru ;
(pain) usurage-ru ; yawamge’ru ;
karuku s ; karume’ru.

to thirst, kaicaki wo tome-ru,

or toku.

to “be d, yaicaragu ; usuragu.

Assume, t.v. (pretend to possess)
nilmise-kake-ru ; (take for granted)
Icari ni mbke-ru ; katei (假 定) s ;
kari-sadame-ru ; okudan (膨敏 ) s.

d voice, Jcoim-iro.

‘ ing that , to sure-

ha ; to mireba.

even for the moment ing”

that, kari ni io shite mo.

if we that, kari ni to

shiie mo.

As sumption, n. (ascension) shoten
(昇天) ; (conjecture) okusetsu (騰說 ) ;
sozo (想像) ; (for the moment) katei.

Assurance, n. (act of) nke-ai ; hosfio
(保 證); (confidence) shinyo (信用);
(imptidence) heiJci (平 氣) ; zuzushii
koto ; (insurance, q.y.) hoken (保臉 )•

Assure, t.v. (declare) uke-cm ; tashika
ni uke-au ; (insure) ni/ hoken wo fu
(附) ‘% or tsuke-ru.

Aster, n. ezo-giku ; daruma-giku.

Asterisk, n. hoshi ; seiten (星 點).

Astern, adv. (at the stern) tomo ni ;
sembi (船尾) ni ; sengo (船 後) ni ;
(behind a ship) fune no ato ni ;
(behind the stern) tomo no ato
(towards the stern) tomo no ho (方) e.

to go , ato ni modoru ; qotai

(後退) ‘

Astlima, n. zensoku (喘, 皂、 ).

Astlimatic, a. zensoku ni kakatta ;
zensoku wo yamu.

Astlimatically, ady. zeizei to iki wo

Astij?iiiatism, n. fukushlgan (窗


Astonisli, t.Y. odorokasu ; hiklmri
sase-ru ; kimo ico tsuousase-ru ; gyoten
(仰天) sase-ru.

to be ed, odoroku ; hikkuri s ;

kimo ICO tsubusu ; gyoten s.

Astonisliiiig’, a. Jcitai (奇態) tia ;

Astonisliiiigly, adv. kitai ni ; myd

ni ; odoroku hodo ni.
Astonisliment, n. gyoten ; hikkuri ;
tamageia koto.

Astoiinfl, t.v. to “be d, gyoten s ;

kimo icb tsuhusu.
V. Astonisli.

Astraddle, adv. maiagatte.

Astragalus, n. kyokotsu (距骨).

Astray, adv. to go , mayou.

to lead , (fig.) mayowasu ;

7nado 観 ss’ru ; (lit.) hagurasu.

Astride, adv. to be of, rd’i maia-
gatte oru.

to get of, nijmatagaru.

to sit , uma-nori ni nam.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 64: ] ATE

Astring’ency, n. shihumi ; shibusa ;

shihui koto.
Astringent, a. shibui.
Astringent, n. shurenzai (收 敵劑) ;

shushukuzai (妆縮 劑).
Astrologer, n. hosM-uranalja ; kyil-

seika (九星 ま. *
Astrology, n. hoshi-umimi ; hokusei

( ト 星).

Astronomer, n. temmon-gakusha
(天文 學者) ; selgakusha (星學 者).

Astronomy, n. temmon-gaku ; sei-

Astute, a. surudoi ; Unsho (敏^) na ;
hashikkoi ; tinwan (敏腕) na ; (in an
evil sense) kokatsu (狡 滑) ria.

AstutenCvSS, n. hinshd ; hinwan ;
(cunning) kokatsu.

Astutely, adv. surudoku ; hinshd ni ;
hinwan ni ; kokatsu ni. ‘

Astincler, adv. to come , hana-


to cut , kirl-hamsu.

to pull , hippanasu.

Asylum, n. (for lunatics) fiiten-hyom
(li [痛? 院) ; kichigai-hybin ; (for the
deaf and dumb) mb-a-byom (盲 I|S
病院) ; (for the poor) yoikuin (養育
ま) ; (place of refuge) ■nige-ba ;

At, prep, ni ; cZe.

all (in neg. sentences), go

mo ; sukoshi mo.

any time, itsu de mo.

first, shote ni ; saisho (最初) ;

hajime ica.

hand, soba ni ; chikaku ni.

last, (after much difficulty)

yatto ; (when result lias been de-
layed) yoyaku ; (when result was
■ foreseen) shimai ni ; tsui ni ; owari
ni ; (when restilt was not foreseen)

least, semete ; (of niunber)

sukmiaku mo.

most, oku mo.

once, sugu ni ; tadacJii ni.

present, tdji (當 寺) ; ima wa.

the best, yokute mo.

the same time, shikashi


times, toki-doki ; toM ni yotte.

British. Consul Yoko-
hama, mi-Yokohama Mkokn-ryoji
(在 橫濱 英國頜 事).

I cannot understand it

all, sappari waJcaranai.

Atlieism, n. mushinron (無神論). ,

Atheist, n. mushim,onja (無神論者).

Axlieistical, a. mushinron no.

Athens, n. Atene.

Aililetic, a. undo ni nareta.

sports, undokwai (運動 會).

Athwart, prep, no yoko ni ; ni yoko-

to lie , ni/yoJcotawaru.

Atlantic Ocean, taiseiyd (大西洋).

Atlas, n. chidzusho (地圖 書)..

Atmosphere, n. MM (空 琴) ; talJci
(大氣 ) ; (a weight of air) kkitsu (氣
壓)’ .

Atmosplieric, a. kuM no ; taiki no.

engine, Jclatsu-kiJcal (氣壓

機 铖).

pressure, fciatsu (氣壓 ).

Atoll, n. sango-td (珊朔 島).
Atom, n. MbunsM. (微分 子).

s, myin (微塵).

to smasli to s, mijin rd


Atomic, a theory, genshisetsu

(原子 說).

weight, kwagoryo ひ匕合量).

Atomiser, n. (scent) kosui-fukl.

Atone, i.v. to for, wo/agamu ;

wo/tsugunou ; wo/skokumi (翻 罪) s.
Atonement, n. shokuzal ; aganai ;

Atractylis, n. (lancea) sojutsu (蒼
Tit); (ovata) okera.

Atrocious, a. gokuaku (極 琴) no ; hd-
aku (暴 惡) no ; nikunikushii ; (cruel)
zannin na ; zankoku 告) na.

Atrociously, adv. nikunikushiku ;
gokuaku ni ; hoaku ni ; zannin ni ;
zankoku ni.

Hosted by


ヒ 二-:


[ 65 ]


Atrocity, n. zannin ; hogyaku (暴
虐); gokuakit ; hoaku.

the Armenian ies, Amme-

nia no gyakusatsu (虐殺).
Atrophy, n. yase-hosori ; ndso 籠
; _jiyd-ketsuhd (滋養|^(:艺) ; suljaku
ぽ 弱)’

Aiiach, t.v. (annex, as an enclosure)
soe-ru ; soe-tsuke-ru ; (fasten) tsuke-
ra ; tsugl-aicase-ru ; (leg.) sashi-osae-
ru ; (tame) nare-sase-ru ; narasu ;
(tie) 7nusuhi-tsuke-ru ; (win the aifec-
tion of) no/ki tco toru ; najlmase-ru.

barrister ed to the Court,

salbanjo~dzuki, or shozoku (所 屬),

no bemjoshi (德護 士),

to “weight to, ? i’/o?no/ci ? co


to “be …… ed (of persons), nl/ren-

chaJcu (戀 着) s.

to be ed to, (accompany)

nl/fsuJci-sou ; (affixed) ni/fuchaku
(附着) s ; (form part of the suite
of) が./ z 化な な (隨從 ) .s,
to become ed (of animals),

Ana C lie, n, (dipl.) kdsalkican-shlko
(交際 官試 稀); gicaikdkican-ho (外交
官 補).

jionorary , me lyo-icosalkwan-

s んぬ o( 名 春 交際 官試 翻).
Military (Naval) to a Le-
gation, kdshiJcican-dziikl-7’ikuf/iin-

kenryoku (權 力) ; (prerogative) kenri

(灌理 )• +. . -マ
executive les, gyoseikwan


local ies, chihokwan (地方 官)

[limited to Prefectural Auths.].

persons exercising ,

(official) chokwan {^’^) ; kwanri
(官吏); kwan-in (官 員). [It is a
common practice to speak of the
office instead of the officials ; as*
kencho (縣廳 ) (the Prefectural

Office) tor the ies of the


the .ies, tdkyokusha 、當贾 } 考、.

the ies concerned, sono suji ;

tdgai-kwancho (當該 官廳) ; shunin-
kwancho (主 任官 廳).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 69 ]


Authorization, n. ninka (認可);

without , yurushi nashi ni ;

midari ni ; (official) ninki, niku ;
kwankyo naku.

Authorize, t.v. nil km ico atae-ru ;
niiinin (委任) s; (justify) yurusu ;
menkyo (免許) s ; kyoka (許可) s.

Authorship, n. chojuisu (著述).

Autobiogrrapliy, n. jitZe’i ( 自傳 ).

Autobiog-raplier, n. jiden-kisha

(自 簿記 者).
Autobiographical, a. jlden no.
Autocracy, n. dokusai-seijl (揭裁

政事) ; sensei-seiji (專 制攻 事).

Autocratic, a. dohusai no ; sensei no.

Autocratically, adv. dokusai ni;
sensei ni.

Autocrat, n. senseisha (- 奪き Ij 者) ;
senseika (- # 制 家). .

Autograph, n. jikihitsu (直筆);
jihitsu (自筆).

of the Emperor, go shim-

piisu (御 親筆) ; shimpitsu (震 筆).

Autographic, a. jihitsu no; (of a
Sovereign) go slnmpUsu no.

Automatic, a. jidd no ; jidd-teki no.
…… telephone, jido-demoa (自動

11 nil)-

Automatically, adv. jiddryoku

(自動 力) de.

Automaton, n. jiddki (自動 機);

ヌ れ (自動人形).

Automobile, n.jiddsha (自動車).
Autonomy, n. (of government)

dokuritsu-ken (J^ 立 權); jitcM (自、 冶)

no ken.

tariff , zeilcen (税灌 ).

Autopsy, n. (med.) kenshiho (檢屍

法); shUai-kaihd (死体解剖); shiqd-

7ce” & (死 后檢視 ). ^ J

Autumn, n. aid.

Autumn, a. aU no ; in Chinese
compounds shuki- (秋 泰).

leaves, kdyd (紅葉).

manoeuvres, shuki – enshu

(秋季 演習).

races, shiVd-keiba (秋季 競馬).

Autumnal, a. aid no ; (past middle
age) shord 老) no,

equinox, aki no higan (彼岸),

Auxiliary, a. hojo (铺 助) れ o.

coin, hojo-kwahei (補助 ft 幣).

-… •• ship, f70.v5se” (御用 船).

…一 verb, joddshi (助 働 詞).

Avail, i.v. yd (用) ni tatsu ; yaku (役)
rd tatsu. –
not to , kamwmai.

Avail, t.v. I will myself of

your help, o tanomi mbshimashb.

I will myself of your

hospitality, rjo yakkai (厄介) れ i

I will myself of your

kind assistance another time,

sekkaku (折角) no go shinsetsu
(親切) de gozaimasu ga go (後) shite
negaimasho. ‘
I will …… myself of your

kind invitation and come, go
annai (案内) ni amaefe mairimashd.

I will myself of your

kind permission, sore de wa o
fcotoha- ni amaete negaimasu.

to one’s self of, ni/jdzuru ;

loo/saiioai ni s ; wol’mochii-ru ; wo)

Avail, n. (benefit) kai,

to be of no , muda de aru ;

dame de aru ; nan no kai mo nai.
tnedical treatment proved of

no , ryoyo (jBg 用) ga kanctwa-

nai datta.

without , kai naku.

Available, a. yd ni tatsu ; yileki
(有 no ; yiikd ‘(有効) no.
a passport for one year,

ichinen yiikd (一年 有’; ^j) no memo
(免 狀).

every means, arayuru shu-

dcm (手段) •

I have spent all my

money, mochiaicase no kane wo
tsukatte shimatta.

not , eraremi.

there was no money ,

kane wa sukoshi mo erarenai datta.

time for which (a ticket) is ,


Avowal, n. (act of) equiv. of Avow
foil, by koto ; (of crime) hakujo.

Avowedly^ adv. dyake ni ; akara-
sama 7ii ; ‘kdzen (公!^) ni ; uchi-akete ;
?? (明白)? ii.

Await, t.v. matsu ; (with anticipation)
nqzomu; Mho (^^) s.

Hosted by


[ 71 ]



Awake, t.v. okosu ; (out of sleep)

no/me wo samasu.

Awake, i.v. oki-ru ; iDa]me ga same-
ru ; (fig.) kelsei (警 g め s.

Awake, a. are you …… ? (polite)

me-zame de gozaimasu ka.

to “be , me ga samete oru.

to lie at niglit, ne-sobire-ru ;


Awakening-, n. (act of) equiv. of
Awake foil, by koto.

Award, t.v. kime’ru ; atae-ru ; (judi-
cially) saidan (裁 斷) s ; shimpan
(審判) s; Imnketsu (判 决) s; (of
rewards) atae-ru ; juyo (授與 ) s.

Award, n. (in an arbitration) kettei ;
ketteisho (ぁ定 書) [the document] ;
(judgment) hanJcetsu ; saidan ;

Aware, a. as you are , go

shochi (承知) no tori ; go zonji no

to Ibe of, ico/sMite oru ; wo/

shochi (承知) shite oru ; ico/zonjite

without “being of it one’s

self, ware shiradzu.

Awasli, a. to “be , nami ni uta-


Away, adv from, loo hanarete.

to be , rusu de aru ; inai

[neg. of i-ru].

to blow , fuJci-harau.

to do with, wo/hai (廢) s ;

wo/haishi (廢 止) s.

to fade , kie-use-ru.

to fling , furi-sute-ru.

to go , iiU shimau.

to put , katadzuke-ru ;

shimatte oku.

to run , niqefe shimau ; shup-

pon (出奔) s ; toho (a 亡) s ; (from
a ship) dassen (脫 船) s; (from a
ship of war) dakkan (脫 艦) s ;
(from the army) datsiiel (il 營) s.

to run with, (a woman)

tojkake-ocM s ; (the property of
others) ico/mochi-7iige s ; wo/motie
nige-ru. .

to send , (dismiss) kaesu ;

^dme away) opparau.

Awe, n. osore ; osore-iri ; ikei {^^).

to stand in of, ni/ki (氣) ga

oke-ru. . ‘

Awe, t.Y. odokasu ; kowagarase-m.

to into, foil, by a verbal

noun is expr. by nijodoshi wo
kakete, foil, by the causative
verb ; as,

to …… into oTbeying”, nijodoshi

wo kakete shitagawase-ru.

Awe-inspiring*, a. (of a spectacle)
susaraashii ; (of persons) ririshii.

Awful, a. osorosliii ; ikwb (威光) no

Aw’fuliiess, n. osoroshii koto ;
(solemnity) igen (威 嚴).

Awfully, adv. taihen (大變 ) ; (slang)

Awliile, adv. shibaraku ; sulcoshi no
aida ; zmji (暫時).

Awkward, a, (impolite) gasatsu
(我,) 德 ; setsiiretsu (拙 na ;
bukitcho na ; (of an affair) komatta ;
(wanting dexterity) hukiyd (不器用 j
na ; lieta na.

Awkwardly, adv. (impolitely)

gasatsu ni ; setsiiretsu ni ; bukitcho
ni ; (wanting dexterity) hukiyd ni ;
heta ni.

Awkwardness, n. (of an affair)

komatta koto ; (of manners) gasa-
tsu ; setsuretsu; (want of dexterity)

Awl, n. kiri. r
Awn, n. hogi.

A wiling”, n. Myoke ; (in a junk)

toma ; (of reeds) yoshi-dzuppari. .

Awry, adv. to Ibe , magatte i-ru ;

igande i-ru ; nejirete i-ru.

to get , magaru ; igamu ;


Axe, n. yoki ; ono.

heavy , masakari.

Axillaries, n. waki-ba.
Axiqiii, n. kakuron 策)’

Best, adv. ichihan yoku.

Kest, n. at , ichiban it to shita

tokoro de.

the plum blossom is now at

its , ume no liana ica tadaima

migoro, or sakari, da.

to make the of (an inferior

article), ma ni aicasete oku.

to the of my knowledge

and belief, 卞 yo no shirl-uru

to the of one’s power,

chikara no oyobu kagiri.

Bestiality, n. (lust) juyoku (獸愁 ).

15 e stow, t.v. atae’ru ; sadzuke’ru ;
fuyo ([ffij-M) s ; hodokosu.

to pains on, wo/hone-otte s.

to have (a rank) ed upon

one, niljo (叙) serare-ru ; (a deco-
ration) loojsadzukerare-ru.

Bestride, t.v. nilmatagaru ; (sit
astride of) ni / matagaru ; rdluma-
7iori ni naru.

Bet, i.Y. kane wo kake-ru.

1 on the chest 皿 t, icata-

kushi wa kurige ni kake ru.

Bet, n. kake.

Betel-nut, n. hinrdji (檳鄱 I”),
Bethink, t.v. to one’s self of,


Betimes, adv. yoi jibun ni ; (early)
asa hayaku.

Betoken, t.v. shimesu ; no/shirushi
ni naru ; (be a symptom of) nojchbho
(徵挨 ) de aru; nojzenchb (前兆) de aru.

Betray, t.v. (one’s country) uru ; (as/
a friend) otoshi-ire-ru ; (as, a plan to
the enemy) naitsu (內逾 ) l*? ; uragiri
shite shirase-ru ; (a secret) morasu.

[ 88 ]

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 89 ]


JBetrotll, t.Y. ii-nadzuke-ru ; il-nadzu-
ke s.

Betrotlial, n. U-nadzuke.

presents, yuinb (lit 砂 j)-

Betrotlied, a. U-nadzuke no.

JBetter, a. motto yoi ; the compara-
tive is iisu, expr. by ” good than ” ;

as, this is than that, sore

yori kore ga yoi ; by hodo yoi in such,
pb rases as the “bigger the ,

okii hodo ii ; the fewer the ,

sukunai hodo ii.

it is to, expr. by ho ga U,

ho ga yokaro, or masM da ; as,

it is to give it up, yoshita

ho ga yokaro ; it is to go,

itta ho ga ii ; it is not to

go, ikanai ho ga yoi, or mashi, da.

still , nao ii.

to “be tlian, ni/masaru.

Better, adv. motto yoku ; (with more
advantage) isso ; musliiro ; is so ? lo

X am mucli to-day, kyo. wa

OKI ni yoku narimashita’.

to fesl (in health), kokoro-

yoku nam.

to get , kicaiho (1 夹方) ni

omomuku ; kicaiki .(‘1 央氣) rd mukau.

Betters, n. me-ue.

Betting’, n. kakegoto.

Between, prep, no aula ni ; (of
places) no aid a ni ; -lean (間) ni.

1900 and the spring” of

1901 (an indefinite peiioii), Meiji
33 nen kara 34 nen no liaru ni

some time 9 and 10

o’clock, kujl yori jf/ji made no
aid a ni.

let this “be ourselves, kore

wa ucln-uchi no hanashi ni shima-
shd; kore wa kono ha giri no hana-
sfii ni shimas/io.

to get , no I aula ni liasamaru.

to hold , no I aida ni hammu.

to hold the teeth, kii-


to keep (have in common),

moyai ni s.

JBevel, n. icaikaku (歪 角).

JBevel, t.Y. nifmarumi wo tsuke-ru.

Bevel-square, n. tsiijal-sash Ujcme .

13evel-wlieel, n. imikaku-shlrln (歪
角 四 輪).

Beverag’e, n. nommiono.

Bevy, n. (of birds) mure.

Bewail, t.v. nagekn ; ka.ncishi’mu.

Beware, i.v. Id. wo tsuke-ru ; h i ico
yurusanu ; yudan (袖 斷) shimi.

I ki wo tsukeyo.

of pickpockets I suri go

yojln (/n, じ、) ; kimichiimono <jo yqjln.
to of, (followed by parti-

ciple) expr. by yd ni ki ico tsuka’ru

following a neg. vb. ; as, of

cateJiing* cold, kaze ico hikanal
yd ni ki wo tsukeyo ; (abstain from)
wo I tsutsushimu .

Bewilder, t.v. madoicasu ; mago-
tsukase ru.

to be ed, magotsuku ; mago-

mago s ; uro-uro to s.

Bewitcll, t.v. (deceive) hakasu ;
tciburakasu ; (possess, as an evil
spirit) ni I tori-tsuku.

to “be ed, ta Im rakasare ru.

to “be ed by a fox, n^kitsune

ga tsuku.

Bewi telling’, a. (of a woman) hore-
hore suru ; aikyb (愛嬌) no aru.

Beyondj prep, (farther on than) no
said ni ; (on the further side of) no
muko ni.

expectation, k/u-ai (意 夕 卜)

• nl.

this I know nothing”,

kono hoJca ni nani mo shir ami.

lie lives three doors ray

house, watakusJd no taku kara
sangen (三 軒) sciki ni oru.

is the scop 3 of, nolhan-

i-gicai 圍夕 卜) de aru.

tiiat is him, sore wa am

hito ni oyobanm iwto da.

that woman is expression

beautiful, ano onna ica iu ni
iwarenai hodo utsuk.ushii.

to go (pass), icolsugi-rii ;

ico/iki-sugi-im ; ico/tori-Jcosu.

Bezoar, n. god (午 黄).
Bi- ^:^

旅團 )•

Brigadier, n. ryodancho ‘^^) s.

to be down, icaki gafusagu ;

rakutan (落 瞻) s.

to about, kufu (ェ 風) s.

to anchor, ikari ico orosu ;

tohyd (投錨) 5.

to aside, hrdki (MM) s.

to away, utcharu.

to dice, sai wo nage-ru.

to down, nage-otosu ; narje-

orosu ; nage-kudasu.

to forth (expel), oi-dasu ;


to in, hori-komu.

to in the teeth, togame-ru.

to lots, kuji wo hiku.

to off (of a ship), tomodzuna

ICO toku.

to one’s self upon, ni/


to off restraint, kihan (胃

!^) WO dassuru.

to out, hori-dasu.

to …… up (add), shime’ru ; kei-

san (計算) s ; kanjo (勘定) s.
to …… young, ryuzan (流 產) s.

Castanet, n. yotsu-dake.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ

_ OAS [ 127 ]

Cast-away, n. (a reprobate) sutarl-
mono ; (jorotsuk’i ; Imrai (無 賴) na
yatsu ; naradzu-mono ; (shipwrecked
person) hydryusha (漂流者).

Caste, n. zokuseki (族籍) ; shuzoku
(種族 5 ; (theatrical) yakuwari.

to lose with, nilutormre’ru ;

ni/hinseki (镇 斤) sare-ru.

Castellan, n. jddai (娘 代).

Caster, n. (cruets) yakumi-ire ;
(small wheel) ashiica ; ashi-guruma.

Castigate, t.v. utsu ; mucki-utsu ;
, sekkan (折; fe) s ,; shioki s.
to be d, sefckan sare-ru.

Castigatioii, n. sekkan (折 濫) ; (act
, of) equiv. of Castigate foil, by

Casting’, n. (process) chuzo (鑄 造) ;
(thing cast) i-mono.

Casting-vote, n of a chair-
man, fjicho (議長) no saiketsuken
(採决 ffi). .

Cast-iron, n. chrdetsu (鑄鐵 )•

Castle, n, sUto [a. n. Icasho (jif 所)].

s in the air, kiichu (^cfi) 710

rokaku (樓閣 ) ; shinkird (桌氣 樓).

remains, shiro-ato ; joshl

(城 趾).

town, joka (娘 下).

Castle, n. (in chess) koma.

Castor-oil, n. himashi no ahura.
…… plant, td-goma.

Castrate, t.y. no/kiniama ico miku ;
icojkassei (害 IJ 勢) s ; nilkyosei (去勢)
wo okonm.i.
to be …… d, 1ms sei sare-ru.

Castration, n. kassei (害 ij 勢) ; kyo-
sei (去勢) ; (act of) eqiiiv. of Cas-
trate foil, “by koto.

Cast-steel, n. chfikd (禱 鋼).

Casual, a. (fortuitous) /M-i (不意) れ o ;
(ytnoigakenai : guzen { 偶然) no ; futo
(不 ) shita ; hyotto shita.
a . -.… person, kiraJm (氣樂 ) na
hito ; nonki (吞氣 ) 7ia hito.
a visitor, tama ni kuru



in a manner, sore to naku ;

ori nlfurete.

Casually, adv. hyotto ; futo (不圖 ) ;
hakaradzu ; (by the way) tsidde ni.

Casualty, n. (to shipping, etc.)
sonan (遭’ 難) ; (wound) kega ; fusho
(貢 f 募) ; (wounded person) kegcmin ;
fushdsha (賈蕩 者).

ies (mil. and nav.), shishdsha

(死 f 寡 者) ; 藝 jcd (損害).
returns, shishofivo (死傷 表).

Casuist, n. ketsuqi-ronsha (夹疑 論

Casuistry, n. l-etsw/Jron.

Oat, n. 7ieko.

even if it rains s and dog-s,

shajiku (車 車 由) wo nagashite mo.

to be like and dog-, ai-teJd-

shi (相 敵視) s.

tabby , tora-neko.

torto.ise-sliell , mih-e-neko.

wild , yama-neko.

Catalepsy, n. shiddbyd (止 動 病).

Catalogue, n. mokuroku (目 錄);
(auctioneer’s) slwv.ujaM ; (of books)
shomoJcu (書目).

Catalogue, t.y. ml mokuroku v:o
tsukuru ; no/shomoJai wo koshirae-ru.

Catalpa kaeiiipferi, kisasage ;

tjatamenia, n. tsuki no mono ;
meguri ; gekkei (月 經); keisui (經水 ).

to have , karada cja yogore-

ru ; tsuki no mono wo mi-ru.

vJatamiie, n. kagema ; o kama.

Cataplasm, n. pappu (琶 布).

Catapult, n. iskinage ; pac/wiko
[used by children] ; (ancient weapon)
isMyumi ; dokyu 弓).

Cataract, n. (cascade) taki ; (sur-
gical) sokohl ; naishogan (內障 眼).
Catarrh, n. *;fiija [MM) ; kamhd (惑
胃); (of a horse) nairct.

Catastrophe, n. then (異變 ) ; sal-
麵 (災難) ; sair/ai (災害).

Hosted by^^OOgle


[ 128 ]


Catcli, t.v. (a disease) ni/kakaru ; ni/
tottsukare’ru ; (arrest) tsukamae-ru ;
tome’ru ; (as a ball) uke-ru ; (com-
nmnicate to) ni/tsuku ; (a can-
tagioTis disease) m/ka?isen (惑 s ;
nijutsuru [E. subj.-r- J. obj.] ;
(receive) uke-ru ; (take) toru ; (what a
person says) ico/kiki-toru.

to a fever, netsu ni ohasare-


to a scolding”, kentsuku wo


to cold, kaze wo hiku.

to hold of, tsukamu ; tot-


to fire, ni]hi (ja tsuku ; ni]


to rain-water, amimvdzu

wo tame-ru.

to up (overtake), nifoitsuku.

to be caught in (a trap, etc.), mj

to get caught on, ni/hikkaka/n”

Catcli, i.v (as on a nail) hikJcakaru ;
(spread by infection) utsuru ; densen
(傳染 ) s.

I didn’t on (was aismclin-

ed), Id ga noranai aatta.

Catch, n. (of a door) kakegane ; (a
find) horidcLshi-mono ; e-mono ; (of
fish) ryd (Ig) ; (on fusuina) hiki-te ;
(ring-shaped) kwan (環).

a good , a ryd.

to make a good (in bad

sense), wa]yoi tori ga kakaru.

Catcli-worcl, n. tdri-kotoha.
Catechism, n. kokwai-mondd (公會

Catecliist, n. * ; deiulbsU (傳道 師).
CateCQize, t.v. (instruct) mondo s ;

(interrogate) kitsumon (詰問) s.
Catecliu, n. asenyaku (阿 煎 藥).
Catecbumeil, n. *; senrei-shiqvxtn-
. .s/ia (洗 鱧 志願者); 麵 問’ 答 生).
Categorical, a. kakujitsu (Hg^)

na ; meihaku (明白) m ; hitsuzen (必

然) na ; mujoken (無 條ィ 4) ? w>.

answer, ketto (5^ 答) ;

kakuto (確答).
Categorically, a. kakujitsu ni ;

meihaku ni ; hitsuzen.

Category, n. (class) shurui (種類) ;
(list) bu.

Cater, i.v. makanau.

Caterer, n. makanai-kata.

Catering’, n. makanai.

Caterpillar, n. (black) kemushi ;
(green) aomushi ; imomushi ; [other
Mnds are shakutori-mushi ; hamushi.

Caterwauling’, n. neko no naki-

Cat-lisli, n. namcidzu.

Catg’Ut, n. tengusu.

Catbartic, n. gezai ; kudashi-
giisuri ; kudashi. 、

Cathead, n. ikaH’dome.

Catbedral, n. kyodo (教 堂) ; dai-

kwaidd (大会 堂).
Catlieter, n. innydkwcm (引 尿管);

donyokwan (導 尿管) •
Catliolic, a. (in composition) led-
(公) ; (liberal) doryb (度 臺) no hiroi ;
tairyo (大量) na.

faith, kokyo (公教).

religion, kodo (公道).

holy cliurch., seikokwai (聖

公 會).

Roman cliurcb, Bomakyo ;

Kaiorikkukyo; Tenshukyo (天主教);
(building) tenshiido (天 1 堂 j.

Catliolic, n. (Koman) Tenshukyo-to
(天主教 徒); Rormkyo-to (羅馬 教徒)
Katorikkukyo no shmja,

Catbolicism, n. Roman , Ten-

shukyo (天主教).
Catliolic ity, n. doryd no hiroi koto.
Catkin, n. neko ; enokoro (柔 第》
Cat’s-cradle, n. tasuki-dori ; aya-

Cat’s-eye, n. ioiribo-dama.
Cat’s-paw, n. (dupe) chochin-mochi ;

(naut.) soyokaze ; hifu (徽 風) ; れ画 –

pil (軟風). ‘
Cattle, n. kachiku (家畜) ; (bovine

species) gyu (牛) La.n. hifci (疋) ] ;

(including horses) gyicba (牛馬).
breeding, hokugyu (ft 牛).

Cattle-plague, n. gyueld (牛疫).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 129 ]


Catty, n. kin (斤).

Cauldron, n. kama ; (for boiling
water for tea) chagama.

^jauliflower, n. hcma-na ; hana-

Oaulk, t.v. ni/maki-hada wo ume-ru.

Cause, n. (ground) sJiisai (仔細) ;
jiifil (拿 由) ; wake ; riyii (理由) ; jiko
(事故) ; (reason why) dori (道理) ;
wake ; (suit) jiken (事件) ; fthat which
produces an effect) kongen (根元) ;
kompon (根本) ; gen-in (ま 因) ; moto
no okori.

and effect, (Buddhist reli-
gion) ingwa (因果); (pMl.) genin-
た e た; a« “(原因 結 萬).

celebre, yumei (有名) na

jiken (事件).

final , kekkyoku (結局).

first , hottan (f^^sg; ; gen-in


for this , kono yue rd.

for what , nani yue ni.

proximate , Hn-in (近因).

remote , en-in (遠因 j.

to make common , kybdd-

ん i (共同一致) s ; hybshin-ddryoku
(協’ じ、 同 力) s. ‘ ”

■without apparent , nan to


without , yue naku.

Cause, t.v. no I moto rd nam ; hiki-
okosu ; shqji-ru ; -Qsiially expr. by
the causative form of the yerb ; as,

to to eat, tahesase-ru [from


to to rain, furase-riC [from

to to weep, nakase-ru [from


to to write, kakase-ru [from


When the action is expr. by a noun,
sase-ru, or kake-ru is used ; as,
to hardship, nanjft (|(|^)

to trouble, tekadzu wo


Causeless, a. yue naki ; yoridokoro
no nai ; kcare no nai ; icake no nai ;
riyii (3^ 由) no tiai.

causelessly, adv. yue naku ; iware
naku ; wake naku ; riyii 7iaku. .

Causelessness, n. equiv. of Cause-
less foil, by koto. :■

Causeway, n. dote-micU.

Caustic, n. (moxa) hyii (灸 ).

lunar , shosangin (; Sfgf 銀);

rapisu. ‘;

vJausnc, a. hiniJcu na ; (chem:) kasei-
(苛性) ; as,

soda, kasei-soaa. •’

Caustically, adv. hiniku ni.

Cauterize, t.v. oii/shakuhd (灼^) wo
hodokosii ; (apply moxa) nijlcyu (灸)
wo sue-ru.

cautery, n. (application) shakuho
(灼 法); (iron) yaki-gote ; (with moxa)
kyuten (灸點 ).

uaution, n. (provident care) ydjin
(用心); keikai (警戒); (warning)
imashime ; keikai.

Caution, t.v. imashime’ru ; isame-7’u ;
nil keikai s.

Caution-money, n. hoshbkin (f^|f
金) ; (of a servant) mimoto-kin.

Cautious, a. ydjin-hukcd ; ydjin no
yoi ; (over-prudent) shoshin (小心)

to “be over , yojm shi-sugi-ru.

Cautiously, adv. ydjin shite ; keikai
shite ; ki wo tsukete.

over , shdshin-yokuyoku ; yo-


Cautiousness, n. equiv. of Cauti-
ous foil, by koto ; (excess of prud-
ence) shoshin.

Cavalcade, n. gydretsu (行歹 ij). .

Cavalry, n. kihel

regiment, kihei う *mtai (騎兵


…… soldier, kihei (騎兵).

lig-ht , keikihei (輕辦 兵).

prepare for ■! kihei ni yoi


Cave, n. hora-ana ; iwaya ; gankutsu
(巖廣 ).

dwellers (of ancient Japan),

tsuchi-gumo. . -..

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 130 ]

Cave, i.v. to in, meri-komu ;

Cavern, n. v. Cave.
Cavil, i.v. fu-rikutsu (不理; ffij れ ‘o iu ;
he-riicutsu wo iu.

Cavil, n. fu-rikuisu ; he-rikutsu.
Caviller, n. rikutsuka (理屈 家).
Cavity, n. (hollow) kuhomi.

of the eye, gankwa (H^ 窩).

Caw, i.v. karakara to naku ; naku.
Cawing”, n. karasu no nakigoe.
C ay e n n e-pepper , n. tdgarashi.
Cease, i.v. (lapse) shdmetsu (消滅) s ;

(come to an end) owaru ; (stop)

yamu ; loaomaru.
Cease, t.v. yame-ru ; yosu ; teishi

(1? 止) s ; todome-ru.
Ceaseless, a. taema no tvd ; yama-

nai ; kandan (間 斷) no nai.
Ceaselessly, adv. taema naku ;

shikiri ni ; kiri-nashi ni ; kandan


Ceaselessiiess, n. equiv. of Cease-
less foil, by kvio.

Cecropis alpestris, anagura-tsu-
hame ; tokkuri-isubame.

Cedar, n. (of Japan) sugi.

Cede, t.v. yudzuru ; joyo (讓與 ) s ;
(territory) katsujd (割 讓) s.

Ceiling, n. tenjo (天井) ; (supported
from above instead of below) tsuri-

coffered , gotenjo (合 天井).

Celadon, n. (porcelain) seiji (靑磁 )•
pale , tsukiyo-seiji.

Celandine, n. kusa no o.

poppy, kusa-yamabuki.

Celebrate, t.v. (hononr by cere-
monies oi joy) iwau ; shuku (祝) s ;
matsuru [generally used in connec-
tion “With religious ceremonies] ;
(solemnize) okonau ; kyoko (擧 行) s.

to a marriage, kekkon-

shiki (結婚式) wo age-ru.
Celebrated, a. nadakai ; yumei (有
名) 7ia ; kdmei (高名) net; chomei
(著名 )n な; ichijirushii.
place, meisho (名所).

product, meibuisu ; meisan

(名 產).

Celebration, n. (of a festival)
mais-uri ; iicai ; (act of) eqiiiv. of
Celebrate foil, by koto ; shukuga
(祝賀) ; ( commemorative fete) shuku-
ten (祝典).

of a marriage, kefcfcon-

shiki ; ん wi ひ i (婚儀).

Celebrity, n. (fame) kdmei (高 明) ;
chomei (著お) ; meiyo (名 譽); (person
of distinction) goketsu {^M) ; chomei
na hito ; yumei na hiio ; kdmei na
hito ; seiho (聲 望) no aru hito ; raimei
(雷 ま) れひ hito ; Icikoeta hito.
Celerity, n. jinsoku (迅速).
Celery, n. * ; oranda-mitsuba.
Celestial, a. ten (天) no.

bodies, tentai (天 JIO’

Empire, Ghiikwa (中華).

equator, tenkyu-sekidd (天球


globe, kontengi 軍 天 儀).

Celibacy, n. dokushin (獨 身); hitori-

gurashi ; hitori-mi.
Celibate, n. hitori-mono ; dolcu shin-
mono ; hitoH-mi.
Cell, n. (biol.) scdhd (細胞); (of a
lunatic) oH ; (prison) kambo (檔 房).

of honey, hachi no ana.

dark , anshitsu (暗室).

police .s, ryuchijo (留匱 所).

solitary , missliitsu (密室).

Cellar, n. anagura ; mono-oki.
Celtis sinensis, e no ki.

Cement, n. *.

to coat with. , semento cLe

tsugi-awase-ru, or seisiigd (接合) s.
Cement, t.v. (broken china, by
baking) yaki-tsugi s ; (fig.) aicasu ;
musxibu ; ketsugo (結合) s.
Cemetery, n. hakasho ; haJcdba ;
Zkk’M (墓地); mcfisSdw’ (埋夤 地); kyo-
do-lochi (共同墓地); [the last is a

blic , distinct from cemeteries

ached to temples].
Cenotapli, n. (acc. to Buddhist rites)
ihai ; (acc. to Shinto rites) tamashiro ;
(of stone) kinenhi ( fill 念碎) ; sekihi
(石碑) ; ishidzuka.


Hosted b ん OO ヌ

[ 131 ]


Censer, n. koro no ; gishiki (儀式) no.

Ceremonial, n. gishiki (儀式).

Ceremonious, a. (particular about
forms) katakunishii ; r/ishiki-batta ;
gishiki ni nadzxmda.

Hosted by



[ 132 ]


Ceremony, n. (form) shiki (式) ;
gishiki m-^) ; 7*eis7iifcU 鱧 式); rdhd
(iS 法); (propriety) enryo (遠慮).

board of ies, shikihu-shoku

(式部 職).

closing” (pari.), heijoshiki (閉

場 式). 1 ■

don’t stand on , aozo go e れ-

ryo naku ; go yosha (容赦) naku.
master of ies, shikihukwan

(式部官). , e .1 、 7 .

opening’ (or a railway), kai-

tsu-shiki (開通式).

please speaJi wiTJJiout ,

enryo naku o hamtshi nasal.

to use , nilkamau.

without , ikinari ni ; huenryo

(無遠慮) ni ; hureiko (fel 鱧講) ni.

without the sligJbLt , enryo-

eshaku (遠慮 會釋) 髓 naJcu.

Certain, a. (sure) tashika na ; kaku-
jitsu (確 實) no ; hakkiri shita ; utagai
no nai ; hanzen (判然) to shita.

a , aru ; in Chinese com-
pounds ho- (某) ; (the one you and
I wot of) rei no ; ano.

a country, hbkoku (某 國).

don’t know for , sMka to wa

shiranai ; yoJcu.wa shir ami.

I know for , tashika ni shitte


― is it quite ? soi (相違) wa

gozaimasenu ka ; tashika desu lea.

on a day, arw hi no koto de.

there was a man, nanigashi

to iu hito ga otta.

Certainly, adv. (by all means) pea
ni mo ; (of course) mochiron ; (with-
out fail) kitto ; Jcamradzu ; tashika
ni ; kakujUsu ni ; (without doubt)
Yes, : ! yd gozaimasu to mo I

Certainty, n. Jcimatta koto ; hiisiijo
(必定) ■ koto ; kakujUsu (ま 實).

Certificate, ‘ n. shdmeisho (證明 書) ;
s/i5s7iO (證 書); 5ん5?710れ (證 文).

of competency, (navig.)

kaigi-menid (、喊 免状); (general)
giryd-shomeisho (iJIPBif ^hst).
‘medical ……, yodai-gaki ; shin-

dansho 書) ; shinsatsv.sho
察 書).

C ertificat ion, n. shdmei ; equiy. of
Certify 鼠 by koto.

Certified, a copy, seihon


Certify, t.v. (as a witness) shogen
(證 a) s ; (aTithenticate) kakunin
(確認 5 s ; ( authenticate, a dociiment
or fact) shdmei s ; ninsho (i 忍 霧 f ) s
[Cr. Pro.] ; (endorse) ni/okugaki wo
s ; nilokuin- (奧 印) wo s ; (testify)
uke-au ; hosho (保 證) s.

Cerumen, n. mimi-aka.
Cessation, n. telsM {^ih) ; chusM

(中止). 一
Cession, n. jdyo (讓與 ) ; yudzuri-

watashi ; katsujd (割 識).
Cess-pool, n. osui-dame ; gesul-dame.
Ceylon, n. Seiran (錫 蘭).
Cliafe, t,v. (excite heat) suri-atatame-

ru ; (irritate) shakuru ; geld (激) sase-

ru ; okorase-ru ; (rub) suru ; kosuru ;

masatsu (摩擦) s.
Chafe, i.v. (be irritated mentally)

geki s ; (of the skin) suri-miike-ru ;

(wear by rubbing) sure-ru ; suri-heru.

to against, nijsure-au.

Chaff, n. kara ; nuka ; (joking) Jcara-

kai ; hiyakashi ; (of rice) momigara.
Clia.ff; t.Y. nilkarakau ; loo/hiyakasu ;

warau ; haka ni s ; guro s ;

(a woman) ndburu ; nahuri-mono ni s.

Cliaff, i. マ.. jddan (笑 談) wo iu.
Cliafing-clisli, n. hihacM.
Chagrin, n. hammon (煩悶) ; kokoro-

Chain, n. kusari. .

armour, kusari-kaiahira.

…… of mountains, (連山):

shot, rensadan (鍵 # さ 單) ;

saremZa れ (鎖 鏈彈 ).

mountain , sammyaku (山脈).

Chain, t.v. kusari de isimagu ; nij
kusari wo tsuJce-ru.

Cliain-pump, n. kusari-pompu.

Chair, n. koshikake ; isu ; [a.n. kya-
ku ; [koshikake is applied by Japan-
ese to any piece of furnitiire used as
a seat ; isu (椅子) is the armchair

Hosted b ん OO ヌ le


[ 133 ] OHA

used* by a priest at religious cere-
monies] ; (for a rail) makura ; (pro-
fessorial) koza (講座).

sedan , kago.

the (cliairman), kwaicJio (會

– 長 )-; gicho. –

to take the ., gichd-seJci (議 ♦

席) ni tsuku ; kwaichd-seki ni


Chair-bearer, n. kago – kaki ;

Cliairman, n. (of a company)
shaclib (社 區) ; (of a meeting) kwaicho
(會 長) ; giaho (議 良).; kwaishu (會 主).

of committee, iincho (§S

星 長).

Cli airmail sliip, n. equiv. of Chair-
man foil, by no sliolcu (職).

Clialk, n. (for blackboards) hakuhoku
(白墨); (for painting and the toilet)
• 卯/ (胡 粉).

Cliallt, t.v. hakuhoku de shirusu.

Challeng-e, t.v. (a judge for partia-
lity, etc.) /d/iM 忌避) s [Civ. Pro., Cr.
Pro.]; (a Htatem ent ) hakugeki (駭擊 ) s ;
(demand) ybkyii ^ 5 (to a tight)

ni/kenkwa (n 宣 I 華) wo fiikkake^ru ; (to
combat, by letter) ni/hatasht)0 wo
isuke-ru ; nijkettojo (决 翻狀) wo tsuke-
ru ; ni/hatashi-ai wo moshi-komu [also

; used of a verbal challenge].

Clialleng-e, n. (of a judge) kihi
避) ; (spoken) ketio no moshi-komi ;
(written) kettd-jd ; hatashi-jd.

Chalybeate, a. tetsu wo fukumu ;

tetsu no aru.
waters, ganteisu-sui (含

. 鐵 水).

Chamaecyparis, n. (c. obtusa) M-
noki ; (var. Icamakura) Mb a ; ogon-
Mb a ; mshn-hiba ; kenjaku-hiba ; (c.
pisifera) sawara.

Cliameleon, n. sMchlmen-tokage.
Cliamoerops excelsa, shuro (; g

Chamber, n. (of a gun) yakushitsu
(藥 室); (of the Diet) gijishitsu (議
事 M)’ ; が’ JO (議蕩 ) ; [room) ma ; shitsu
(室 )5 heya. • –

air , kishitsu (氣 室).

bed , nema ; shinsJdtsu (寐 ‘至).

of commerce, shdgyd-kwai-

Gisho (商業 會議 所). .

combustion , nensho-shiisu

(燃燒 室).

steam , Jcisfiitsu ijM,’^}’

Chamberlain, n. jija (待 從) ; (of a
noble) karei (家令).

grand …… ,jijuchd (侍從 長).

Chamber-pot, n. shibin (ミ i 瓶) ;
henJci (便器).

Cliamois-leatlier, n. sMka-gaiva.

Cliamomile, n. kami-tsure.

Champ, t.v. kamu.

Cliampagiie, n. skampan-ishu) (三
鞭 酒).

Cliampion, n. smshu (選手).

wrestler, dzeki (大 ||) ; hi no

shita kaimn 山).

the world’s bicyclist,

sekai-ichi no jitensha-nori.
Championsbii), n flag,

yfishdJci (優勝旗).
Chance, n. (fortuity) sciiwai (幸) ;
gyoko (僥 凑); (likelihood of an
occurrence) kidzukai ; (opportunity)
kikicai (機 會).

a mere (of good luck), kdbore-

zaiwai ; hon no saiwai.

by , ful to ; giizen (偶然) ni ;

omoigake naku ; fui (不意) ni ; fui

to shite ; (luckily) saiwai ni.

by one in a thousand,

man-ichi ; man ni hitotsu.

by some ……. do iu hadzumi ka.

if by any he should come,

moshi ya ano hiio ga kitara.

I’ll try my , ichika hachika

yatie miyd.

I will give him another ,

ano hito ni kondo ica yurushiie

to happen by , fuji ni aru ;

guzen ni aru.
Chance, i.v. to to be present,

i-awase-ru. ‘
Cliancel, n. 气

Cliancre, n. kansd (麻 瘡) ; gekan

Hosted by



[ 134 ] OHA

ChLandler, n. rbsokushb (礙燭 商) ;

Cliang’e, t.v. (alter) kae-ru ; henkb
(變更 ) s ; (an object which is in a
box) ire-kae-ru ; (exchange) iori-kae-
ru ; kokwan (交 @) s ; (for the better)
xcojaratame-ru ; (into small coin) ku-
dzusu ; komakai no ni s ; komakaku
s ; kowasu ; (paper money for specie)
dakwan (免換 3 s,

to clothes, kimono wo


to horses, boats, vehicles,

etc., n’ ri-kae’ru,

to house, tentaku (歸 宅) s ;

ie wo kae-ru.

to money, kane v:o hiki-kae-

ru ; rybgae s.

to one’s habits, (for the

better) kaishin (改 j じ、) s ; (for the
worse) henshin (變, じ、) s’

to one’s mind, hengae s,

to one’s party (in politics),

shugi (^^) wo Icae ru,

to one’s socks, tdbi wo ha-


Cliang’e, i.v. kaicaru ; henji’ru ; hen-
kwa (® ず 匕) s ; (for the better) yoku
naru ; aratamciru ; (for the worse, of
habits, etc.) henshin (戀’ じ、) s ; (gra-
dually) utsuru ; (of a metamorphosis)
hake’ru ; henji’ru ; (of colour) hen-
shojcu (變, 色 ) s ; (of habits, for the
better) IcaisMn (改, じ、) s ; zen ni utsu-
‘ ru ; zempi ゆ U 非) wo aratame-ru.

to …… to black, kiiro ni hake-ru.

Cliang’e, n. (act of) equiv. of
Change foil, by koto ; (exchange)
hiki-kae ; kokwan ; (intentional
alteration) henkd (由 更) ; (natural
alteration) kawari ; henkwa {^it) ;
(of a sum of money) hiki-kae ; (of
habits, for the better) kaishin ; (of
habits, for the worse) henshin ; (of
ministry) kotetsu (交 迭) ; (of seasons)
kawari ; (of train) norikae ; (out of a
sum of money) tsuri ) (small coins)

of clothes, kigae.

of occupation, shobai-gae.

of place, toJcoro gae.

…… s (vicissitudes), uimri-ka/wa-

ri ; hensen (^^) – ”

I have no small , Jcomakai

no ga nai.

there is no ……. kawari ga nai. .

to take a of ま for one’s

health, tenchi-ryoyo (ft 地 療養) s.
to undergo a (of condi-

tions), ippen (一 變) s,

violent , gekihen (激 變).

without a (of train), nori-

kaenai de ; chokko (直行) de.

Cliang”eable, a. (fickle) utsuri-
yasui ; akippoi ; kawari-yasui ; henji-
yasui ; utsurigi na ; muraki na ; (in
love) uwaJd, na.

Cliang-eableness, n./wjo (不定) na
koto ; akippoi koto ; kawari-yasui
koto ; utsurigi na koto ; uwatsuku
koto ; utsuri-yasui koto ; henji-yasui
koto ; (in love) uwaki na koto.

Cliaiigeably, adv. akippoku ; kawa-
ri-yasuku ; utsuri-gi ni ; utsuri-
yasuku ; muramura to ; henji-yasuku ;
(m love) uwaki ni.

Change-shop, n. ryogae-ya,

Channel, n. (among shoals) miyo ;
funa-michi ; suiro (水路) ; (gutter)
mizo ; (strait) seio ; kaikyo (淘 き.
Bungp .•…., JBun.go-n.ada.

marks, miyo-gui ; miyo –

jirushi ; (bxiojs) juhyd (浮標).

throug-h. the proper , soto

(相 當) no tetsudzuki wo hete ; so れひ
suji wo hete.

Cliailt, t.v. ginjl’ru ; utau.

Chant, n. uta ; shoka (唱歌) ; (of the
Monto sect of Buddhists) eika (詠歌).

Cliaos, n. kontoji (渾 f^) ; somai (草
昧) ; (confusion) konzatsu (混 雜) ;
konran (r^lL) ; gotagota.

Cliap, n. (a sore) aka-gire ; (crack)

Cliap, i.v. wajhibi ga kire’ru ; (of the
earth) hi-imre-ru ; sake-ru,

Cliapel, n. reihaidd (禮萍 堂) ; sho-
haidd (小萍 堂) ; shokyodo (小教 堂).

Cliapiallen, a. utsumuite oru.
to be , utsumuku,

Cliapletj n. (beads) juzu (數珠 ).

Hosted by


“ヌ ‘


[ 135 ] OHA

Cliaplain, n. (of a Legation) sokwan
((!” 官); (of a prison) kydkicaishi (教
誨師 ).

army , rikugun-kicaishi (陸

軍誨師 ). ‘

navy , kaigiin-kwaishi (海軍

海 師). ‘

Cliapmaii, n. (peddlar) kbshonin (行
商人); tahi-akindo.

Chapter, n. shb (窣) ; hm (篇) ; (of
a story-teller’s tale) seJci (席).

Char, t V. kogasu ; (reduce to char-
coal) sumi ni yaku.

Cliar, i.v. koge-ru ; (be reduced to
charcoal) sumi ni yctke-ru.

Character, n. (disposition) wnare-
tsuki ; seishitsu リ生 焚); shorai (性
來) ; (letter) monji (文字) ; ?れリ i< (文
字) ; ji (字) ; (of a servant) suisenjo
(推薦状) ; hinkd-shdmeisho (品行 證明
書) ; (nature) seishitsu ; (reputation)
hydban (評判); meihun (名聞); rei-
bun (令聞).

a (eccentric person), kawari-


a man of “bad , hyohan no

warui hito.

a man of fine , hitogara (人

柄) no yoi hito.

a man of strong” , srdkkari

shita hito. •

a man’s (disposition), jim-

hutsu (人物).

ancient Japanese ., jinclai-

moji (神代文字) [supposed].

is cleared, mi no akari ga


chief (in a novel), shujinko


chief male (in a play), shu-
jinko (主人公).

Chinese , Kcinji (漢字)’

European , yokomoji.

female (in a play), oyama ;


index of difficult CJiinese

s (arranged ace. to number

of strokes), kenji (檢 字).

male (in a play), tachi-yaku,

minor male (in a play),


real ••….., honsho (本性).

Sanscrit , honji (梵字). ,

to clear one’s , mi no akari

wo iate-ru.

to get a bad , hydbmi ga

waruku nam ; na ga warulcu nam ;
meibd wo ushinau ; ioagicaibun ga
waruku nam [the lust is now
generally used in the sense of
” feeling shame “].

to regain one’s , hyohan i€0


Characteristic, n. (distinctive
quality of a person) mochimae ;
kuse ; tokushitsu (特赏 ) ; tokusei (特
性); (of a thing) tachi ; tokushusu ;
toJaishoku (特

bad , warui kuse.

natural , umaretsuki ; sei-
shitsu (性質).

Characteristic, a. tokuyil (特有)
no ; dokutoku (^#) no

it is of the man, ano hito

no tokushitsu (特質) desu.

Japan’s art, Nihon tokuyu

no hljutsu.

Characterize, t.v. the dis-
honesty which s that

people, mio jimmin (人民) れ o toku-
sei (特’ li) to natte oru fushdjUci (不

to be d by (of a disease),

icoltokucho (特徵 ) to s.

to as, to hi 鶴 n (非 雛) s.

Charcoal, n. sumi ; (in balls) tadon.
animal …… ,《?7 《ねれ (獣 炭).

hard , katazumi. .

porous , sakura-zurm.

wood , mokutan (木!^).

Cliarcoal-box, n. smni-tori,
Cliarcoal-buriier, n. sumi-yaki.
Cliarg’e, n. (accusation) uttae ; koku-
so (告 ま) ; (accusation, by an offi-
cial, in that capacity) kiso (起訴);
(attack) shmqeki (進 攀) ; totsugeki (突
擊); tokkwan (突貫); slmgeki (襲
旨) ; kdgeki (攻變 ) ; (criminal) han-
zai no kado ; (expense) dai (代);
ryd (料); daikin (代金); daika (代
後) ; (for transport) unchin (運 赏) ;
unsochin (運送 赏) ; (for wages) chin-
sen (賃錢 ); chmgin (賈 金); (of a

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 136 ]


gun) hatsuhun (f 尊 分); tenso (堪 装);
: home ; (of electricity) sekiden (積 電) ;
(price demanded for a service) kaki-
、 dashi; ryd (料) ; (trust) nin (任) ;
. selwiin (夤 任).

for labour, temaehin.

….. for paper, kami-dai.

s, (on estates) sozei (租税) ;

(taxes) torltate-kin.

doctor in of a case, shu-

nin (主任) no isha.

doctor’s , shinsatsuryo (診察

; 料). ‘

is open to the of “being

― —— , no kirai aru.

miscellaneous s, zappi (雑

鹽)’ ,

on “what ? nan no kado de.

the person in (of any

given work), kakari no hito ; shu-
nin (主任). no hito.

the pupils under his , uke-

mochi no sexto (生徒).

to be in of (certain duties),

‘ woltor’i-atsukau.

to be put in of (an affair),

ico/inin sare-ru ; wojitaku sare-ru.

to give in , (an affair) wo I

makasu ; ico/taku (^) s ; wo/inin
(委任) s; wo/itaJcu (委 お) s; (a
thing) wo/adzuke-ru ; (deliver over
to a judicial officer) wo/hiJci-

to have of, ukemotsu ; adzu-


to put down to a person’s
…… (in an a/c book), no/kayoi ni

s ; 7io/kayoichd ni kisai (記載) s ;
nojkan^o (勘定) ni kaki-nose-ru.

to reduce tlie (in a gun),

sbryb (装 料) w^o geiiji-ru.

to sound the , shugeki no

. aidzu wo s ; shingekifu (ミ佳 擊譜)
wo so (奏) s.

: to take of (a thing), wo/

adzukaru ; wo/hokwan (保管 j s. .

to take over of (official

work), wo/hiki-tsugn.

Charge, t.v. (accuse, of a public pro-
: secTition) kokuhatsu (告發 ) s ; (of the
: complainant) woluttae-ru ; ico/kokuso
‘ (告 1^) s ; (a weapon) ni/tamagome s ;
• nilkome’ru ; ni/tenso s ; (levy) chbshu
– (徵收 ) ,s; (place to the debit of)

chomen (帳面) ni tsuke-ru ; chomen
ni kinyu (fEA) s ; (rush, upon) nij
kakatte iJcu ; nilshi-kakatte iku ; woj
kogeki (攻 s ; wo/osou ; icoj shu-
geki s.

‘ to Tbe d with (a mission),


to a mine, kwakb (‘人 i^), or

jiraikwa (地雷火), wo socfii (装 ま)

to —; ~ with , [no)

tsumi wo ni Jcise-ru.

diarge, i.v. kogeki s ; sh’mgeJd s ;
tofsugeki s ; shugeki s.

lie d 10 yen, ju yen totta.

how much, do you ? ikura

toru ka.

Chargeable, a. (of an impost, etc.)
Jam-suhelci ; owasu-heki.

Cliarg-e-d’affaires, n. dairi-kdshi

(f^ 理 公使)..

ad interim, rinj i-dair i-kd shi

. (臨時 代理公使).

Charger, n. gumha (軍馬),

Cliariot, n. gunsha ; helsha (兵車).

Cliaritable, a. jihi-hukai ; nasake-
hukai ; jizen-‘bulcai ; jizenshin no
fukai ; jizen no ; (in judging others)
kwanjln-taido I 寬仁 大度) na ; kwan-
dai (寬大 ) na ; kwanyo (1 容) na,

disposition, jishin (慈心) ;

jizenshin (琴 善’ じ、) ; jinshin (仁 ‘亡、).

institution, jikei-in (慈惠

院 )•

Charitableness, n. equiv. of
Charitable foil. Dy koto.

Cljaritably, adv. jlhl-hukaJm ; ji-
. zen-hukaku ; nasake-oukaku ; nasake
wo kakete ; (in judging others)
kwanjin-taido ni ; kanyo 7ii ; kwandai

Cliarity, n. (alms) hodokoshi ; se-
motsu (威 物) ; (benevolence) jinkei
(仁 惠) ; jizm (慈善) ; jizenshin (慈善
心) ; (m judging others) kwanyo ;

act of , jizen-shogyo ; (secret)

mtoku (陰 德). ,

bazaar, jizenkwai (慈善 會).

fund, jlzen-kikin (慈善 基金).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 137 ]


: 一.. hospital, jizen-lybin (慈善 病
院) り ‘i お e レ&ジ 5m (慈惠 病院).

school, jizen-gakko (慈善


fjliarlatan, n. (boaster) hora-fuki ;
(in learning) ese-gakusha ; (quack)

Clia’rm, n. (amiability) aikyo (愛嬌) ;
(amulet) mamori ; mayoke ; gofii ま
符) ; (magic spell) maj’inai.

Chairm, t.v. mayowase-ru ; (delight)

to be ea by, nilmitore’ru ; ni/

shinsui し亡 、酉 s.

Charming”, a. aikyo no am : (of a
person) hore-bore suru yo na ; aikyo
no aru ; (of a thing) mltoreru yd ni
utsukushii ; hijo ni utsukushii [the
last is always used in jest].

Chart, n. (sea) kaidzu 畴圖) ; (piece
of pasteboard on which information
is exhibited) hayamihyd.
Charter, n. (document bestowing
rights) tokkyojo (特許 状) ; (of a ship)
cMntaishaku (買 食 借) [Com Go.].

provisional , kari-menkyo


Charter, t.v. yatou ; yatoi-ire-ru ;

chinshaku (草 借) 5 ; kari-ire’ru.

d ship, yatoi-sen ; (by govt.)

– goydsen (御用 船).
Charterer, n. (of a ship) cUnshaku-

nin (賈 借人) [Com. Co.] ; yosensha

(傭船 者). ■
Charter-party, n. fune-yatoi-ire-

keiyaku ; yatoisen-keiyakusho ; chin-


Cliase, t.v. okkake-ru ; ou ; tsuigeki
(追 擊) s ; (game) karu ; (metal) uchi-
dasu ; (ornament) chokoku (彫刻) s.

to away, oi-tate’ru ; op-

par au.

Cliase, n. (of animals) kar’i ; jitryd
(獸躐 ) ; (of an enemy) tsuigeki (追
擊) ; oi-uchi .; (printing) * ; (pursuit)
tsuikyu (追窮 )•

Cliasm, II, sakeguchi ; ware-me.
Cliaste, s. (of design) assari shita ;
■ (of style) kanketsu (簡潔) na ; (of
men) kaiai ; doioku (道 德) no ; (of

women) teisetsu (貞節.) na ; teiso (貞
操) na ; mimochi no ii ; misao-tada-

woman, teijo (貞女).

Chasten, t.v. (correct by punish-
ment) chdji (懲’ 冶) s ; korashime-ru ;
fc-sei (矯正) s.; (punish) sekkan (Jff
&) s ; kenseJci (籠 責) s.

Chastise, t.v. korasu ; korashime-
ru ; chobatsu (懲 詩) .9 ; (with arms)
seibatsu (征伐) s ; seitd (征討) s,

to ….. . a rebel, cMteki (朝敵)

wo utsu.

Chastisement, n. cAS&c? お m (懲罰) ;
korasUme ; (with arms) seibatsu (征
伐) ; seitd.

Chastity, n. (of men) dotoku ; (of
women) teisetsu (良 節); teishuku 人氣
‘淑) ; teiso ; mimo ; shukutoku (‘淑 金).

Chat, i.v. dansho (談笑) s ; yomomma
no hanashi wo s ; kandan (閑談) s.

Chattels, n. (law) dosan (動 產);
yutai-dbsan (有 棘 動 ま). –

goods and ……, kagu (家具);

kazai (家財).

Chatter, i.v. (talk) shaberu ; kuchi
ICO tataku ; tagon (^”g”) 5.

teeth , ha no ne ga awanai.

to like mag-pies, pera-pera

shaberu ; pecha-pecha shaberu.

Chatter-box, n. o shaberi ; ^tagon
na hito ; kuchi-Jcadzu no di Into.

Chatty, a. hanasM-dzulci m:

Cheap, a. yasui ; kakkd (格好) na ;
choku (直) ‘聽; telrm (低廉) na ; ge-
fiki (下 直) na; renka (廉 償) れつ 《 ; (of
little worth) yasuppoi.

a victory (of little worth),

tsumaranai shori (#禾1』).

and nasty, yasukmv waru-


dirt , sutene no ; nisoku-sam-

漏れ (二足三文) れ ; tsuhushi no.

selling- , yasu’uri.

that is the est price, sore

ica ichiban (一番) gejJM (下 直) da.

this is much er, kono ho

wa yohodo yasui ; kore .ica yoppodo

Hosted by^^OOgle


[ 138 ]


toku (德) da [lit. is considerable

to feel (ashamed), haji – iru ;

sekimen (赤面) s.

Clieapen, t.v. (beat down) negiru ;

Clieap-jack, n. ydbi-uri-akindo.

Cheaply, adv. yasuku ; kakko (格好)
ni ; choku (直) ni ; gelilci (下 政) れ^ ;
renka ni ; teiren ni.

to buy a victory , tayasuku

shori (勝禾 Ij) ICO e-ru.
Cheapness, n. renka ; teiren ; gejiki ;

Clieat, t.v. damasu ; damakasu ;
(lamakurakasu ; hikkake-ru ; tabura-
kasu ; manchaku (疏 着) s ; (with a
counterfeit) mayakasu ; gomakasu.

to be ed, katari ni au.

to be ed out of, de

peten ni kakaru.

to out of , de wo

peten ni kake-ru ; wojdashi-nuku.
Cheat, i.v. dzurui koto wo s.
Cheat, n. (one who cheats) petenshi ;

dzurui yatsu ; kansho (奸 商); sagi-


Olieck, t.v. (by comparing) hifci-
awase-ru ; (examine) shirabe-ru ;
aratame-ru ; (hinder) samatage-ru ;
hogai (妨害) s ; sogai (P 且碍) s ; (of
accounts) chosa (調 叠) s ; (stop) osae-
ru ; tome-ru ; teishi (き 止) s ; (verify)

to the enemy, teki wo kui-


Clieck, n. (at chess) die ; (for foot-
gear) gesoku-fuda ; (for luggage)
chekki ; warifuda ; ai-fuda ; (hind-
rance) samatage ; sogai ; hbgai ;
(pattern) gohan-jima ; henkei-jima ;
(stop) osae ; teishi.
to meet with, a …-, tonza (頓
裡) wo kitasu ; tocJiii (途中)
Clieckerboard, n. r/ohan.
Checkers, n. go-ishi ; (game) go.

to play , go ico utsu ; go wo


Check-mate, n. o-isume ; d-tedzume.

Checkmate, t.y. no/keikwaku wo
kowasv, or daha (打 玻) s ; (in chess)
tsume ru ; d-tsume ni s ; d-tedzume
ni s.

to be ed, tsume-sa serare -ru .

Cheek, n. no ; hopeta.

Cheek-bone, n. hd-hone ; kicankotsu
(顧 骨).

Cheer, t.v. (comfort) nagusame-ru ;
(gladden) yorokobasu ; nojki wo hit-
tate ru ; (salute) ico/kassai (喝 s.

to on (encourage), kohu (鼓

舞) s ; hagemasu.

Cheer, i.v. (applaud) kassai (喝采)
s ; (when attacking) told no koe wo

to up, wa]ki ga hare-ru ; yoki

ni nam.

Cheer, n. kassai ; (when attacKing)
told no koe.
three s, sctnshd (三唱).

Cheerful, a. (of persons and places)
yoki (陽 氣) na ; (pleasing) yukicai (愉
na ; genJci no yoi ; (smiling) mko-
niJco to shita.

Cheerfully, adv. (gladly) yorokonde ;
(smilingly) niJco-niko shite ; (will-
ingly) kokoroyoku ; iso-iso to shite.

Cheerfulness, n. (of a place) yoki
(陽 氣) ; yukwai (愉快) ; (of persons)

Cheering”, a. yorokcibasfdi ; yukwai
na ; hagemasu yd na ; ki r/a hittatsu
yd na.

Clieering’ly, adv. hagemasu yd ni ;

ki ga Uiitatsu yd ni.
Cheerless, a. inki (陰 氣) ? ut ; fu-

kwai (不’ ft) na ; yilutsu 變) na.
Cheery, a. yukwai (1 俞’ I^) na ; sokwai

(爽快) na ; yoki (陽 氣) na.
Cheese, n. * ; kanmku (乾 酷).
Chef-d’oeuvre, n. (a fine work)

jodeki ; myoko (妙 ェ); meisaku (名

作) ; kessaku (き 作) ; (chief work)

hissei (畢生) no salcu.
Oiiemical, n. kwaaaku-yakuhm (化

學藥 品) ; seimlyaku (舍密 藥).

Hosted by^^OOQle


[ 139 ]


Chemical, a. kwagaku (化 學) no ;
kimqaku-jo (化’ 學上) no ; kwagaku-
な/ぶ (化學 的) れ 0.

analysis, k wa qaku-hunsek i

(化學 分 折). ■

combination, kwagaku no

icagb (和合) ; kwago.

compound, kicagb-hutsu (化

合 物).

Cliemically, adv. kwagaku-jd de ;
kwagaku-teki ni.

Chemise, n. jihan (襦 幹) ; shita-
jiban ; hadagi ; juban ; (long under-
garment worn by Japanese women)

Chemist, n. kwagakusha (化 ‘St 者) ;
(pharmaceutical) kusuri-ya ; ki-
fjusuri-ya ; yakuzai-sni 、藥劑 lilp).

Chemistry, n. kwagaku (f ヒ學 ).

inorganic , muki-lcimgaku

(無機 化 學).

organic , yuki-kwagaku (有

機化 學).

ChemiilpllO, n. Jinsen (仁 川).

Clieque, n. (bank) kor/itte ; tegaia ;
kitte [Com. Co.]. ‘ •
book, * ; kogitte-cho.

Clierisli, t.v. (an idea, desire) Idaku ;
motsu ; (harbour) fukumu ; (loYe)
kawaigaru ; jiai (慈愛) s ; chdai (寵
愛) s ; hidku (撫育 i s.
to …… resentment, is’7m (意趣)

uo fukumu.
Cherry, n. sakurambo ; sakura no

the Imperial Garden-
party, kwan-d-kwai (觀 櫻會 )•
Clierry-blossom, n. sakura no

Clierry-tree, n. sakura ; sakura no

double , yae-zakura ; hoian-

zakura ; chbchin-zakura.

drooping” , shidare-zakura.

early , higan-zakura.

single , hitoe-zakwa.

wild , yama-zakura.

Cherubim, n. KeruUmu.
Chervil, n. uikydzen.

Cliess, n. shogi (象 棋).

boarcl, shogi-han.

man, shogi no koma ; koma,

player, shogi-sashi.

to play , shogi icq sasu.

Chest, n. (bosom) mune ; kyobu (胸
部) ; (box) nagamocM ; h’ltsu.

of drawers, tansu.

to measure the girth of one’s

, kyolcicaku (胸 腸) wo hakaru.

Chestnut, n.” (fruit) kuri.

tree, kuri no ki.

dried , kachiguri.

Chestnut, a. kuri-iro no ; (of a
horse) kurUje no.

horse, kurige no uina.

Clievaiix-cle-frLse, n. sakamogi ;
(on garden wall) shinobi-gaeshi.

Cliew, t.v. Icamu ; soshaku (姐 嚼) s ;

to the cud, れ ‘ire-kamu ;


Chiaroscuro, n. ndtan (濃淡).
Chicane, n. tekuda ; kankei (奸計).
Chicanery, n. kbkatsu-shudan (狡 滑

Chicken, n. Mna ; hiyokko.
“breast, hato-mune.

Chicken-breasted, a. hato-mune

Cliicken-lieartert, a. okuhyd (騰
病) れ a ; ki no yowai ; kyojalcu (1 去 易 3)
na ; ikvji (jE 氣地) no nai.

Chicken-pox, n. midzu-hosd ; suito

Chick-weed, n. hakohe (繁樓 ).

winter- green, tsumatoH-


Cllide, t,v. shikar u ; hisseJci (H ヒ責) s ;
kenseki (譴責) s ; kastki (呵寳 ) s ;
ni/Jcogoto wo iu.

Chief, n. (head) kashira ; toryo (統
領); shuryo (l^M) ; (lord) shukun
(主君) ; (master) shvj’m (主 入); (of a
tribe) shiicho (爵艮 > ; (of robbers,
etc.) kyokwai (巨 J^) ; oyadama ;
kashira ; (in compounds) -chb.
of police, keibuchd (警部 長).

Hosted by



[ 140 ]


Cllief, a. omo na ; dai-ichi (第一)? k) ;
shuyd no (主要) no ; shu to shita ; (of
persons) kashira-datta ; omo-datta ;
jdi (上位) no ; (of topics) kado-datta ;
omo-datta ; shu to shita ; shuyd (主
. 要) 710 ; saiyo (最 要) no.

、 m comDounas may be expr.

by -gashira oi -cho, suffixed to the

noun ; as, coolie, ninsoku-

‘ gashira.

object, shui (主意).

officer (of steamship), iito-

簡 《き s/ii (—等 運轉士 )•

seat, shoza (上座).

secretary, shoJcikwancno (書

記官 長).

Cliief-justice, n. v. President.

Cliieliy, adv. omo ni ; taitei (大抵) ;
– moppara ; dzui-ichi (翁 一) ni ; dai-
ichi (^^) ni-; shu to shite.
C/liigiion, n. (natural) tabo.
Cliilblain, n. shimo-yake.

Cllilcl, n. ko ; kodomo ; jidd (兒 童) ;
shoni (/J 、兒) ; (polite) o ko san.

eldest , sbryo (寧 I) ; (fe-
male) sbryb-musume ; chdjo ;
(male) soryo-musuko ; chonan

only , hitorikko.

spoilt , dadakko.

stillborn ., sUtaiji (死 胎兒 ).

to be witli , raimocM de aru ;

kwainln CSiJQ:; shite oru ; harande

youngest , suelco ; sue no

、 ko ; hasshi {‘^^).

Cliildbear ill g”, n. san (產) ; shus-
san (出 產) ; ko wo umu koto ; humben

to be past , icdllminbentci ga

sugita ; wa]otoko ni natta [vulg.].

Cliilclbed, n. a woman in ,

sampu (產婦 ).

to die in , nanzan (難 產) de

shinu ; san Qke zeppeki (絕 壁); Jciri-
tatta kislii.

Climate, n. kikb (氣 候) ; ffido (風土).

Climateric, a. Idko no.

Climax, n. (the greatest degree) chdjd
(項 ト); Jciwamari ; kyokudo (^|^) ;
saikdien (最高 黑も) ; kyoJcuten (極 黑 も j ;
zeicho (絕 項) ; (rhetoric) zetiso (漸 P”) .

Climb, i.Y. noboru ; (mount up)
agaru ; (with difficulty) yoji-noboru ;

Climb, t.v. ni/nobom ; (with difficul-
ty) ni/yoji-noboru ; mjliai-agaru.

Climb, n. tbmn (登山).

Climber, n. (class of plants) kadzu-
ra-mono ; tsuru-mono ; (of a moun-
tain) noboru-hito ; nobori-ie ; tdzansha

Climbing*, n. mountain , yama

e noboru koto.

Clinch, t.v. (a nail) nolsaki ico mage-
ru ; (tighten) shime-ru.

to an argument, ronkyo

(論 據) M’o tashika ni s.

Cling’, t.v. (embrace, hold fast to)

nildaJci-tsuku ; ni! swjari-tsuku ; m/
tori-tsuku ; ni ! shig aml-tsulcu ; nij
tsuramaru ; (stick to) ni/kuttsuku ;
rdlfuchaku (I^ 寺 着) s ; (to a prejudice)

to round, nijinatou ; nij

matoi-isuku ; ydjmalsuwaru.

Clinical, a. nnshbjo (臨宋 上) no ;
hydsho eta, ashida. hiyori-gefa, ichd-
ha, etc.]. ,

Clog’, t.v. fusaku ; shogai s.
to be ged, tsumaru.

Cloison, n. svji.

Cloisonne, n. shlppd-yaki (七 寶燒 )•

without cloisons, musen-

jippo (無線 七 寶).
Close, a. chikai ; (intimate) atsui ;
shimmitsu (親’ 密) na ; (of a bedroom)
ne-cjusai ; (of a room) i-gusai ; (of
texture) me no tsumatta ; me no
komakai ; (of the air) mushi-atsui ;
(parsimonious) tsumashii ; kechi na ;
rinshoku (吝弯 ) na ; sMwamho (吝裔
坊) na ; (reticent) rmi-kuchi na ;
chimmoku (沈 默) ? la.
a friend, shm-yu (親友).

a struggle, golm-golm na

kyoso (競 爭).

a translation, chokuyaku

(直 譯).

connection (between events),

mlssetsu 密接) no kwankei (關 係).

order (mil.), heishuku

season, kinrydki (禁 IS 翁).

to the Custom House,

zeikwan (IJJ; 關) no jiki kinjo (直 近
所) ni.

to the feet, ashimoto ni.

to the pillow, maJcura-

moto ni.

follow behind me, icata-

kusld no ato ni kutt suite hi na.

place it to the wall, kahe

ni piitari to kuttsukete oke.

to be (stuff y), kl ga komoru ;

muito s.

to be at hand, (lit.) te-jika

ni aru ; (of a term) sashi-tsumaru ;
seppaku (切迫) s.

to draw to (t.v.), hild-


to keep in confinement,

misshiisu (密室) ni kctnJdn (監禁) s.

to place to, nil kuttsukete


Close, t.v. shime-ru ; tozasu ; toji-ru ;
fusaqu ; (a letter) ffHi’ru ; (business,
etc.) heisa (閉鎖) s] (complete, finish)
joju (成就) s ; (end up) musuhu.

to “be d, (of a country) salcoku

(鎖 Jl ni nam ; (of a door) tatte
oru ; (of an aftair) matomaru ;
rakuchaku (落着) s ; kofodzumi ni
nam ; kyolcu (屍) wo musuhu ; (of
a school j ica]yasu7ni da ; (of a
shop, for a holiday) kyugyb (f^ 業)
s ; (of ports) sakb (鎖 港) ni naru ;
(of the month) fusagaru ; (perma-
nently, of a shop, etc.) heisa
(閉銷 ) s.

to accounts, kanjo (勘定) ico

sumasu ; seisan {‘)^^) s.

to a meeting”, heikicai (閉

-t ) s.

to an affair, jiken (事件) ico


to …… the country, salcoku

mm) s. .

to the eyes, me ?. co toji.ru ;

me ICO fusarju.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 152 ]


to the moutli (be silent),

Jcuchi wo musubu ; kuchi wofusagu.

to the ports, sakb (鎖 港) s.

to up, (a hole) fusagu ; (a

room) tate-kiru ; shime-kiru.

Close, i.v. (in fencing) io/tachi-au ;
toluchi-au ; (in wrestling) toltori-
kumu ; (of a flower) shibomu ; (of an
office) hike’ru ; (of the day) kure-ru ;
(of the mail) shime-kiri ni nam ;
shime-kiru ; (suspend business, for
a holiday) kyugyo (休業) s.
rig’ht I (mil.) migi ni tsume.

Close, n. (ending) shimai ; owari ;
sue ; shfibi (終 尾 j ; (of an affair)
ketsumatsu (;^ 末) ; shukyoku (終 鳴);
(of a sitting, or session) heikwai
(P3 會); (of the theatre) hane ; kaburi.

Close, adv. (densely) kataku ; mitsu
ni ; kisshiri to ; missetsu (密接)
shUe ; (nearly) chikaku ; majikaku ;
pitiari to.

at hand, te-jikaku.

Closed, p.p. and a. shimekiri no.

carriage, Jiako-hasha,

to traftic, drai-dome ni noAki.

Close-fisted, a. v. Close (a).
Closeness, n. (of a room) mutto suru
koto ; ki ga Icomoru koto.

Closet, n. (cupboard) todana ; oshi-irL

water , henjo (便所) ; Jcawa-

2/a ; setchin (雪 隱) ; setsuin (雪 隱) ;
habaicari [the last used only bv

Closing”, n. (act of) equiv. of Close
(t. and i.v.) foil, by koto ; (ceremony)
heikicai-shikl (閉會 式).

Closing–time, n. (at P. 0.) shime-
kiri-jikan ; (at school, barracks, etc.)

Closure, n. (of parliament) tdron-
shukeisu (討論 終結) ; toron-shukyoku
(討論 終局).

Clot, n. katamari ; (jydketsu (凝結) ;
gyokwai (凝塊). •
a of blood, gydketsu (凝血).

Clotll, n. kire ; nuno ; ori-mono.

“bleached cotton , sarashi ;

sarashi-nuno. –
measure, kiijirajaku.

cotton , momen.

emery ., yasurl-nuno.

Italian , *.

saddle , kura-kake.

table , teburu-kake.

woollen , rasha.

Olotlie, t.v. nil kimono wo kiss’vu,

to be d in, ico/kite oru ; wo/

chakuyd (着用) s ; (of trousers)
wo/tsukete oru ; wo/ugaisu.

to be d with (fig.), wo/oU-ru,

to with (fig.), ni wo

makase’ru ; ni ico atae-ru.

Clothes, n. kimono ; ifuku (衣 flgj ;
fuku (服) ; isho (衣裳) ; irui (^類) ;
he-he [child’s word] ; (given to a
servant at New Year, etc.) shikise ;
(polite) meshimono.

bed …… , yagu (夜具).

dress , embifuku (sHS 尾 服) ;

reifuJcu (禮 服).

foreign (i.e. European), yo-

fulcu (洋服).

holiday , haregi ; yosooiki,

mourning , mofuku (喪 8 お.

old , furugi.

old merchant, furugi-ya ;


plain (not uniform), shifuku


plain constable, kaJcusode-

junsa ; heifuku-junsa (平 ほ 巡査).

Clothes-horse, n. ikd (衣 Iff).

Clotlies-line, n. monohoshi-nawa.
[The Japanese use a bamboo called

Clothes-suspender, n. emon-

Clothing”, n. irui (衣 頹) ; ifuku
(衣服); kind (着類); isho (衣裳);
hifuku (被服).

Clotted, a. katamafta ; gydketsu

(凝結) shita. ‘
Cloud, n. kumo ; (fig., as of the
political situation) fi’mn (風雲).

the s have “begun to clear

away, kumo ga hare-kakatta.

to “be wrapped in s, wa]

ichimen (一面) ni kumo kakatte

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 153 ]


Cloud, i.Y. humoru.

Cloud, t.Y. kumorase-ru.

to become ed (of the eye),


Cloud-capped, a. kasa-gumo wo

Cloudy, a. kumotta.

moon, oborodzuki.

weather, donten (曇天) ;

uttdsh’d tenki ; (in spring) hana-

to become , kumoru ; kumotte

kuru ; (of a liquid) nir/oru.

Cloiuliness, n. uJcki (鬱举 ) ; (of
wine) nigoite oru koto ; nigori.

Cloudless, a. harder, seird (晴 期)

Clout, n. zdkin (雜巾 ).

Clout, t.Y. (strike) utsu.

to on the head, atama wo

kurawase’ru. ,

Clove, n. chdji (丁子),

Cloven-footed, a animal,

soteiju (雙蹄 獸).

Clover, n. umagOyashi ; tsume-gusa.

wJiite , oranda-renge ; sliiro-


Clown, n. dokekata ; taikomochi ;
hokan (,間) ; kokkeis7ia (滑稽者) ;
(rastic) inaka-mono ; yajin (gf A).

Clownish, a. husahd (無作法) 德 ;
soicotsu (粗忽) na.

Clownislily, adv. husahd ni ; sokotsu

Clownishness, n. husahd ; sokotsu.
Cloy, t.Y. (glut) mampuku (滿 腹) sase-
ru ; (surfeit) hds?ioku (暴食 jf s.

Club, n. (association) kurabu (俱樂
部) ; (card) mitsuha ; (stick) ho (棒) ;
kombo (棍棒) ; (pilgrims’) kosha (講
社); kdja (講中).

president of a pilgrims’ ,

sendatsu (先達).

Club, t.v. to to death., hoku-

satsu (撲殺) s.

Club-foot, n. snrikogi-ashi ; ehi-
ashi ; kama-ashi.

Cliib-moss, n. hlkage no kctdzura.

vJluck, i.v. kokko to nalcu.

Clue, n. tegakari ; iancho (端緒) ; ito-
cjuehi ; atedo ; kokoro-atari [the last
two signify greater chance of dis-
covery] ; (trace) Jceisejci (形 蹟).

Clump, n. (of bushes) yctbit ; (of
trees) mori. •

Clumsily, adv. bukiyd (無 器 HI) ni)
setsuretsu (拙劣) ni ; heta ni ; rodon
ni ; ma-nuke ni ; futeisai (不體 裁) ni.

Clumsiness, n. hukiyd ; setsuretsu ;
rodon ; ma-nuke ; futeisai.

Clumsy, a. (of persons) hukiyd na ;
ma-nuke na ; rodon (#|$) na ; fu-
teisai na ; (of shape) hukakko (無洽
女 了’) na ; Imsaiku (無 細工) na.
a fellow, bukotsu-mono.

Cluster, n. (of flowers) ichida (一華)
no liana ; (of fruit) fusa ; (of in-
dividuals) hito-mure ; gvnju (f^p).

large (of fruit), suzunari.

star , seidan [MM] ; seigun

(星 群). ‘ ‘

Cluster, i.v. (of persons, etc.) mura-

datsu ; murarjaru ; fjunju (群集) s.
Cllltcll, t.v. nigiru ; tsukainu.
to tight, nigiri-tsume-ru.

Clutch, n. mgiri ; isukami.
Clyster, n. kwanchb-zai (灌慯 劑).

to give a , kwanchdzai ico


Coach, n. hasha (馬車) ; (closeable)

Coachman, n. gyosM (駭 者).

Coadjutor, n. Iiosha (IB^) ; joshu

(助手) ; jorikisha (助力 者) ; tetsudai-

nin (手傳 人).

Coagulate, i.v. kdri-kaiamm’u ; gyd-
kdm (凝結) s.

d blood, gydketsu (凝血).

Coagulation, n. gydketsu (凝結).

Coal, n. sekitan.

bituminous , yushitsu-seki-

tan (袖 質 石炭).

dep6t, sekUanko (石炭 庫) ;


…… field, Miden (煤 田).

Hosted by GoOQIc


[ 154 ]


mine, sekitanko (石 炭坑).

smokeless , muen-selcitan (無

烟 石炭). ■
Coal-lieaver, n. sekitan-katsugl
Coaling-station, n. chotanjo (貯炭
所) ; sekUan-chochikujo (石炭 貯翁 所).
Coalesce, i.v. kicaigd (會 合) s ;
lcet$ucjb (結合) s; rengo (連合) s;
wago (^n^) s ; gassuru.
Coalesceiiee, n. kwaigd ; ketsugb ;

rmgd ; icago.
Coalition, n. v. Coalescence.

government , renqd-naikalcu
(聯合 内閣). ‘
Coal-scuttle, n. sekitan-h’e ; seki-

Coaming’s, n. sblmran (槍 口 亂
Coarse, a. ami ; arappol ; (in make)
sosei (fe^) no ; sozo (粗 造) no ; (in
texture) jl no ami ; me no ami ;
(rade) yahi na ; somatsu (粗末) 7ia.

food, soshoku (粗 寫).

language, kitanoA kotoha.

Coarsely, adv. (carelessly) zonzai ni ;
(rudely) somatsu ni ; hukoisu ni ;

– yahi ni ; (thicKly) futoku.

Coarseness, n. equiv. of Coarse
foil, by koto.

Coast, n. umihe ; hamaoe ; kaigan (?每
岸) ; kaihen (海 邊) ; kaihin は繊’
…… artillery, kaigan-hofm U 每^

砲兵). ^
tatter V, kaigan-hodai (海お

砲 臺).

. ….. defence, kaioo け每- 防) ; lea い

gan-‘bogyo (海岸 防禦). , , . _,
. defence vessel, kaibokan

(海防 艦). ^ ^
line, kaigan 母 序).

Coast, i.v. to along”, kaigan ni

sote hashini ; kakjan wo noru.

Coasting*, n. …… pilot, enkai-

trade, enkai-hoeJd (沿海 貿


vessel, enlcai-kdkdsen s ; shins/mku (き 酌) s ;
(think) to/shiryo (思料) s.

to as, tofkokoroe-ru.

to necessary, hitsnyo to s.

Considering, part, kangaefe rmte ;
kangaete ; ni shite.

he is a foreigner, he is

good at Japanese, gwaikoku-jin
ni shite wa Nihongo icajodzu da.
Consider, i.v. (reflect) kanr/ae ru ;
shiryo s (,g 、慮) ; kankb s ; shian
案) s.

to carefully, jukuryo s ;

toku io kangae-ru.

Considerable, a. (moderately large)
zuibun (隨 分) did na ; zuibun na ;
sukumku nai ; kanaxi na ; (of per-
sons) migara na ; mibun 分) no

. shikkari shita ; mibun no aru.

Considerably, adv. yohodo ; zuilnm ;
da ‘ibu ; 01 ni.

Considerate, a. sasskl no yoi ;
kamhen (勘 辨) no aru ; omoiyarl no

Considerately, adv. sasshl-gokoro
ga atte ; kamhen (勘 辨) s/uie ; omoi-

Consideration, n. (deliberation)
shiryo ; kangae ; (law) hoshu (報酬) ;
(thoughtful sympathy) kamhen (勘
辨) ; sasshi.

.,.,..s (reasons), rlyii (理由); jiko


in of, nojhosnu to stnie.

mature , jukko (熟考) ; juku-
ryo (熟慮) ; c,mshi. . よ .

out of for you, anata m


to leave out of …… , dogicai (度
夕 卜) ? oku.

to take into , shal uryo (酌

量 ) 6′ ; shinshaku s.

want of , (deliberation) kei-

sotsu (輕卒 ) ; (sympathy) sasshi no
nai koto.

without due …… , manzm (漫然).

Consign, t.v. (com.) okuru.

Consignee, n. ni-uke-nin [Com. Co.] ;
uketorl-nin ; todoke-saki.

Consignor, n. okurl-te ; tsumidashi-

Consignment, n. (act of) okuru
koto ; (of goods) okurl-ni.

new of goods, shin-ni (新 3 寄).

Consist, i.v. to …… in, nilaru ; ni/
son (存) s.

to of, yorll nari-tatsii ; ni/


Consistency, n. (of opinion) kokyu
恒久) ; zmgo-kwcmtsil (前後 貫通) ; (of
parts) Jcoketsu (固 結).
Consistent, a. (of acts) ni-awasmi ;
zengo-hwantsu sunt ; itehi shite oru ;
(of persons) kokyii wa ; mujun shinai ;
zengo-kwantsu sum ; qenko-iichi (言
行 一致) no.

a person, (in policy) iitei (一

寧) no hoshin (方針) ico toru hito ;
(in iDrinciple) shugi . ico mamoru

Consistently, adv. hokyu ni ; mujun
nalcu ; zengo-kwantsu shite ; genko-
itchi shite ; ni-awashiku.
Consolation, n. nagusame ; is eld
(慰 籍) ; an-i (安 慰) ; Imi (撫 慰).

race, hujutsu-kyoso (撫恤 競


Console, t.v. nagiisame-ni ; iseki s ;

an – 1 s ; bill 8.
Consolidate, t.v. (combine) gappei

(合併) s ; (make firm) katame-ru ;

katak’U s ; kybko (5 虽固) ni s ; (imify)

ittb (一統 j s ; tditsu s.

ed bonds, y. Consols.

Consolidation, n. kengo (堅固) ;
katameru koto ; Uto ; iditsu ; (com-
bining) gappei (合併).

Consolinsr, a. mgusamern ; iseki
siiru ; an-i sxiru ; hid sum.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 181 ]


Consols, n. seiri-kdsai (整理 公 廣);

Consonance, n. (of sounds) wa-in
(和音 )-

of opinion, ijcen no itchi (意

JL ノー 致) ; iken nofugo (符合).

Consonant, n. shi in (子音) : fu-in
(父 音).

Coii.sonaiit, a. to be , kanau.

Consort, n. (of a KiDg) kogd (皇后) ;
; juybsha (需用 者) ; tsukaite.

Consummate, a. 濯-お (無上) no ;
fcono ue mo nai ; saijd (最上) no ;
also expr. by no kiwamari after the

Consummate, t.v. sU-age-ru ; joju
s ; kanzen s ; zemhi s.

Consummately, adv. mi’jd (無上)
ni ; kono ue mo naku ; saijd ni.

Consummation, n. kanzen (完全) ;
讓 (全備) ; jdju (成就).

Consumption, n. (amonnt con-
sumed) shoM-daka ; shohi-gaku ;
(disease) haibi/d (肺病) ; r5sh ら (勞 症) ;
hairo (肺 勞) ; (ot goods) shdhi ば 嫌) ;
shomo (消耗) ; hake-kata ; hake-

Consumptive, a. (affected with
consumption) haibyd, or rosho (勞 症),
or liairo, ni kakatta ; (having a ten-
dency to consumption) Imihyb-shitsu
(質), or no ke, ga aru.

person, Jmihyo-kwanja し巒、 者).

Contact, n. (touch) sesshoku (接 觸) ;

point of , setten (接 點).

to be in , sessuru ; setchaku

s ; miichaku s.

to come in with, (touch)

nilfure-ru ; (-violently) ni/tsuki-

to place in , setdmku (接着)

sase-ni ; mitchaku (密着) sase-ru.

contagion, n. densen (傳染 )•

direct , chokusetsu-densen (直

接傳染 )•

Contagious, a disease, den-

senhyd (傳染 病) ; utsuri-ijamai ;
chokusetsu-densenhyd ( 直接 染 病).

to be , utsuru ; densen (IE


Oontain, t.v. (as an ingredient) wo)
ga7i-yu (含有) s; (hold) expr. by
hairu ” to enter ” [E. obj. + J. subj.].

a box ing 1 dozen, ichi-

dazu-ire no hako.

cannot one’s sielf, tamara-

nai ; wa]shimoo ga dekinai ; wa
gaman ga dekinai ; taera/remi.

to be d in, nojnaka ni


to one’s self, shinibo (辛抱)

s ; gaman (我慢) s ; tae-ru.

contaminate, t.v. kegasu ; yogosu ;
osen (污染 ) s.

to be d, kegare-ru ; yogore’ru ;

osen s ; (fig.; aku ni samaru.

Contamination, n. kegare ; yogo-
re; okwai (‘汚 機); osen ‘(汚染); (act
of) equiv. of Contaminate foil, by

Contemn, t.v. (despise) anadoru ;
hesshi (蔑視) s ; kelbetsu (輕 蔑) s ;
rydjoku (まき) s.

Contemplate, t.v. (a person) naga-
me’ru ; (a view) nagmm-ru ; chbbd
(眺望) s ; (intend) kuicadnte-ru ; yojci
(豫 期) s ; yoso (豫 想) s; ki m s ;
kito (企 園) s ; (looK at closely) jukushi
(熟視) s ; (meditate on, study) jukuso
(熱 想) s ; molded (默考 ) s ; chinshi
(沈思) s ; j ま kd (熟考) s.

I going-, i/cd to cm 廳.

tills was not d by the law,

horitsu wa kore wo (jaacliil (眼中)

ni okanakatta.

Contemplation, n. (act of) equiv.
of Contemplate foil, by koto ;
(meditation) jukushi ; mokko ; cIiLl-
shi ; jukkb.

to nave in , kuwadaie-ni ;


Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 1S4 3


Contemplative, a. (of persons)
shinryo (深慮 ) 9m. – ^

faculties, shisoryoku (思想

力); shik5ryoJcu ほ考 力、.

I was in a mood to-day,

Jcyo wa kangae-goto hakari shite

Contemplatively, adv. chinshir
mokko shite ; chinshi shite.

Contemporaneous, a. v. Con-
temporary (a).

Contemporaneousness, n.
eqiiiy. of Contemporary foil, by


Contemporary, a. dd-jidai (同時代)
no; doji (1^ 時) 710 ; onaji jidai no ;
hiiotsujidai no.

Contemporary, n. dd-jidai no Into.

Contempt, n. anadori ; hesshi (蔑
視); keihetsu mm); “き (輕 侮);
ryojoku (凌辱).

of Court (or of officials),

kwanri/bujoku 侮辱)

to treat with , keibetsu s ;

hujoJcu (侮辱) s ; naigashiro ni s.

Contemptible, a. iyashU ; gesen
(下賤) MO ; hiretsu (卑動 no ; iya na.

Contemptibleness, n. equiv. of
Contemptible foil, by koto.

Contemptibly, adv. iyashiku ; hire-
tsu ni.

Contemptuous, a. hujoku (侮辱)
shita ; iyashimeta.
to be , kenasu ; iyashime-ru.

Contemptuously, adv. iyashimete ;
kenashite [the latter is not as forcible
as the former].

Contend, i.v. to about (dis-
pute), ni tsuitejkoron (口ぎ 翁) s ; ni
isuUelgiron (議論) s

to for, uojkisou ; loo/arasou ;

loo/kyoso (競 爭) s.

to that, tojshucho (主張) s ;

to/ronji-ru ; to/ii-haru.

to with, (in debate) tojsoron

(爭 論) s ; to/tdron (討論) s ; (strive
against) to/arasou ; to/tatakau,

CoiiteiKliiig, a. kyoso (競 爭) suru.

Content, n. manzoku (滿 足); ehi-
soJm (知 足); (freedom from anxiety)
anshin (安’ じ、),

Content, t.v. (quiet) anshin (安心)
sase ru ; 5 思想) v:o okosase-

Cultivated, a. (fig.) shuyd (修養) 湖
aru ; kyoiku (拿 女 育) no aru ; bung a
(文雅) na.

Cultivation, n. kdmlcu (菊 j: 作) ;
tarjayashl ; (of tea, etc.) baiyd ;

area under , sakutsuke-tam-

(作付 段別).

to bring” under , kaikon (開

懇) s ; kaihai.su (開 發) s.

Culture, n. (fig.) shuyd ; kvdiJm ;
kyokica 《教化) ; JcaiJcwa (開化) ; (of a
microbe) baiyo (培養).

physical , iaiiku 育).

Cumber, t.Y. (embarrass) komarase-
ru ; icadzurawasu ; Icurushime-ru ;
(obstruct) fusage ru ; v. Encumber.

Cumbersome, a. kascibatia ; (tron-
blesome) wadzurawashii ; mendd-

to be , kasaharu.

Cumulative, a evidence,

. fukusho (復證 )•

Cumulus, n. seJciJcican-an (積卷 雲).

Cuimilig’, n. saru-jie ; kokatsu (狡
IP) ; (skill) ude ; udemae ; giryo (技

Gunniu.^’, a. kosui ; kokatsu na ;
warugashiJcoi ; dzurui ; (in a good
sense) takumi na ; giryo no aru ; ude-
‘ mete no aru.

workmanship, myogi (妙

技). ‘
C imnin s*li aniia sinensis, koyd-
zan ; oranda-inomi.

Cunningly, adv. kosuku ; kokatsu
ni ; icarugashiJcoku ; dzuruJcu ; (in a
good sense) takumi ni.

Cup, n. wan (槐) ; (of an acorn) choko ;
(of foreign make) koppu ; (prize) sho-
hai (賞金) ; [sake] sakadzuki ; choko
[properly choJcn] ; (tea) chaican (茶

and call, Jcendama ; imdd-


one of, i’ppai (一流).

parting- …… , hepimi (別 虚);
wakare no sakadzuJci.

to be in one’s s, sake ni


to “be quarrelsome in one’s

s, led] sake no ue ga warui.

to return a (after drinking

from it at another’s invitation), Jiem-
pai (返 ® s.

Cup, t.v. nilsui-fv.kuhe, or sxddama, wo

Cupboard, n. oshi-ire ; todana ; (for

food) nedzumi-iradzu ; [a small

under the kokahe is called f’ukuro-

on the floor, ji-hukuro.

Cupidity, n. donyoku (貪 愁) ; dan-
ran (貧 姜) ; donshin (貪, じ、).

Cupola, n. mo.ru-yane.

Cuppiug-glnss, n. sid-fukuhe ; sul-

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 208 ]


Curable, a. to “be , naorase ru.

Carate, n. hokushi-ho (牧師 補 )•

Curator, n. (of museum) kwanrinin
(管 * 人); (of person legally incom-
petent) hosa-nin (保 佐 人.) [Civ. Co.].

Curb, t.v. osae-ru ; sei (制) s.

Curb, n. torli-bami ; tome-tadzuna ;
(fig. restraint) kihan (竊 紗) ; (of a
path) fuchi-ishi ; (of a well) ido-gaica ;

stone, hadowe-ishi.

Curd, D. bean , tofu (豆腐).

Curdle, i.y. katamaru.

Cure, t.v. naosu ; rybji (據’ ? “台) s ; chi-
ryd (、冶 療) s ; (dry) himono ni s.

to be d (of a disease), naorii.

to be d of, ni./Icorl-kori s.

to be perfectly , zmkwai (全

i^) s ; hombuku (本復) s ; zenyu i 全
癒) s. 一

Cure, n. (being cured) naoru koto ;
(curing) rydji (療殆 ) ; chiryo (殆 #:)•
complete , zenji 殆).

Curio, n. see Curiosity.

Curiosity, n. (inquisitiveness) koki-
shin (好奇心) ; mono ico kikitagaru
koto ; monodzuki ; (manufacture or
product peculiar to a locality) mei-
huisu (名物) ; meisan (名 產); (rarity)
medzurashii mono ; kibutsu (奇 物) ;
metta ni nai mono.

ies (curios), kottdhln {‘WMm) ;


a , chlnki (珍 器).

an ancient , jidai-mono.

dealer, doguya ; kottdya (骨

董屋 )’

hunter, dd<ju-dzuki.

shop, doqv.ya ; kottbten (‘き 董

店). ‘

morbid (to see a horror),

Curious, a. (inquisitive) kdJcishin は 了’
奇心) no aru ; sensaku (穿鑿) dzuki
na ; mono ico kikitagaru ; monodzuki
na ; (queer) kitai (香 体) na ; kn (奇
異) na ; (rare) medzurashii ; metia ni
denai ; kimyd (奇妙) na.

Curiously, adv. (inquisitively) mono-
dzuki ni f kiJcitagatte ; shiritagatte ;
(queerly) kitai ni ; kii ni ; (with nice
care) seikd は jlf 巧 j ni ; komyo (巧妙)

Cliriousiiess, n. (exactness of work-
manship) Seiko (精巧) ; kdmyd.

Curl, i.v. (of smoke) maki-agaru ; (of
waves) une’VU ; udzumaku ; chijire-ru.

to up (as, a piece of paper),


Curl, t.v. chijlrase-ru ; hineru.

to itself up (of a cat), maru-

ku nam.

Curl, n. (of liair) chljlre-ke ; makige ;
cliijiregami ; (of waves) uazumakl.

CurleAV, n. (numenms lineatus) o-
jaku-shigi ; (n. minor) shaku-shigi ;
(n. Yariegatus) kojaJcu-shigi.

Curly, a. chijireta.
Curliuess, n. chijireta koto.

Currency, n system, heisel


metal , tsuyo-kicahel (通用 貨

幣) ; tsiikwa (通 貪). ,

paper , satsu (礼) ; shihei (紙

幣) ; chohei (姥幣 ).
Current, n. ryidsil (流通) ; JcijunjCi
(急流) ; (of water) nagare ; chdry fi (潮
流) ; kyuryii ; (fig.) choryu.

electric , denryu (電流).

the Black (off Japanese

coast), Kuro-shio.
Current, a. (fashionable) ryukd (流
fj) no ; hayari no ; (present) genkon
(現今) ? 10 ; ‘bna no ; id- (當) ; gen-
(現) ; [the last two in Chinese com-

a word, tsuyd-koioha ; tsugo

(通語) ; futsii (蒈 通) no Icotoha. ‘
account, tom-adzulcari ; (be-
tween traders) kdgo-keisan (交互 gt
算) [Com. Co.].

expenditure, keihi (經 費) ;

keljdM (經常 費).

month, togetsu (當 月); koa-

fjetsu (今月); hongdsu (本 月).

price, jika (時 償).

report, iorisata ; fuhyd (風

評) ; wcasa ; filsefsu ?).

I>el>ar, t.Y. to from, no’mUM

ICO tatsu.

Debase, t.v. oiosu ; (coin) no!ne-uchi
wo otosu ; no/Ici(ral v:o ofosv. ; henzo
mm) s. [Cr. Co.].

Debatable, a question, (ji-

湖れ (疑問). ‘

I^ebate, n. tdron (l^tli) ; リ;議.. (議
論) ; hydili (評議).

S (pari, proceedings), q)jh (議

事). ■
hot …… , gelcLroii (激論).

l/elbate, t.v. hydqi s ; ronjl-ru ; リ1 s ;
togl (討議) nifu (付) s. ‘

Debating-society, n. tdronkical
(討論 會). ,

Debauch, i.y. (Idraku (道 樂) s ; liotb
(放蕩) s.

Debaiicll, t.v. (lead astray) hikidziirl-
. Icomu ; sosonohasu.

Debauch, n. (intempemnce) h’nn
(暴欽 )•

Debauchee, n. dorahu-mono ; hotd-
nin ; hdratsunin (放 J ^人).

Debauchery, n. (intemperance and
lewdness) shushoku (酒色); Jioto.

I>e bene esse, shdko-hozen (證據 保
全) no tame.

Debenture, shasal ほ ヒ廣) [Com.
Co.] ; “he document) saiken { 债灌 ).

holder, shasaikensha (rfiffi

權卷 ).

I>ebilitate(l, a. to , saijaku

shite oru.

Debility, n. ん、 ソ U’ ひ?’ e ; svljaku (衰
弱) ; hi” (疲勞 ).

x>el>lt, n. (book-keeping) kari-lcata ;

f 画 I mm-

I>ebOUCb, i.Y. expr. by the trans,
vb. kw’i-dasu.

Debris, n. kudzure ; Ix ov are ; ha-

kwa’ibutsu (破壞 物):
Debt, n. shakk’m (借 ; shakuzal
(借財) ; oime [Kyoto dial.] ; (claim)
saiken (債 瞻) [Civ. Pro.].

– -…. s, fused (灵 債).

national , kokuscd (國债 ).

to have s, ica]karl ga am.

to run into , shakJdn s ;

shakuzal s ; shakkin, or kari, u’o


Debtor, n. (correlative of creditor)

karite ; karl-nushi ; karl-kata ; sai-
musha (廣 f 务
D€3Cade, n. jimenkan (十 年間).

several s, sfijilnen (數十 年).

Decadence, n. suiU (衰微),
I>ecagOii, n. jikkaku; jlkkakkei (十
角 形 )•

Decahedron, n. jumental (-卜 面体).

DecalOgaie, n. jikkai (十戒).

Decamp, i.v. chikuien (逐電) s ;
sJiuppon (出奔) (with stolen goods)
mochi-nige s ; (lea^iDg no trace)
taka-tobi s.

Decanter, n. iokkv.rl ; inn ; sake-

Deeai)itate, t.v. き jkvJA ico l-iru ;
ucia-kuln ni s.

Decapitation, n. zanzai (斬罪).

Decay, i.v. kusaru ; fv.hai (戲 fc) s ;

(of a tree) kuchi’ru ; (of power) oto-

roe-ru ; suUn (衰微) s.
Decay, n.fuhai ; sulhi.
Decease, n. shiho.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 218 ]


Deceased, a. shmla.

…… father, hofa (亡父).

friend, hoyil (亡友).

persons, shibdsha (死亡者).

wife, hosai (亡妻).

the , shinda hito; shlhomn.

Deceit, n. it smear i ; uso.

Deceitful, a. bchaku (橫 着) na.

Deceive, t.v. (cheat) damasu ; dama-
Icasu ; (delude) azamuku ; no I me ico
Jcuramasu, or kasKme-7’u ; (mislead)

December, n. junigvyUsu (—卜 二月) ;
fjokugeisu (極月).

Decency, n. gydgl (f 于儀) m ladaskll

I>eceilt, a. (decorous) nyd<jl no tada-
shli ; tansei (端正) na ; (moderate but
competent) sob は B 應) 滅.

Deception, n. damashi ; (jomakashi ;
manchaku (瞞着) ; (fraud) s なリ i (詐 偽).

I^eceptive, a. (of appearances) mi-
Jcake ni yoranu.

Decide, t. and i.v. Jdme-ru ; (a case)
saihan (裁判) s ; (a controversy) tori-
sfibaku ; (a point of procedure, etc.)
Iceitei (^定 ) s ; (a disputed point)
handaa ゆ 藤) s ; (on one’s own
judgment) dokiidan (5^ 斷) s.

to fce d, Jcimaru ; kettei nl


to against (a motion), wo!

hikeisu (否 决) s.

to in favour of, wojlcaketsu

(可 决) s,

to to, koio hi klme’rv., or

kessuru following vb.

to unofficially, naiiel (|^ 定)


to upon (in assembly), woj

giketsu (議 ii) .V.

Decided, a. (certain) shika to shita ;
(marked) ichijirushii.

Decidedly, adv. expr. by ni sol nal
after the adj. ; (exclam.) ikanimo ;
( markedly ) ich ijiru sh iku .

Deciduofis, a. rakuyosel (落 紫 生) no.

Decimal, n. shosu.

circulating , jankwan-shdsd


point, Idreiten (奇 零點) ; jm-

ten (十 位 點).

system, jilshinhd (十進法) ;

j ilshln-ichiihd (“t^ 進 一位 法),

Decipher, t.v. Jumdan (判 斷) s ;
hanjl’ru ; %’) ; (Chinese Imp. ordinance) jo
(上 ll) ; (of a Court of law) keitei
定) ; meh’d (命令).

1 decrepit, a. olhorefa ; rdsul shit a.
to become , oihore-i-u.

Dec repit lid e, n. rdsul (老衰).

I>ecry, t.v. kusosu ; ken as v. ; .soshi-
ru ; hinan (^1^1(1) s.

Dedicate, t.v. (to the gods) osuim’
ru’ ; so/iae-ru ; Ubno (奉 ま內) s.

Dedication, n. (of a church) kendo ;
(the ceremony) kenddshlJci (—献 堂 if).

De die in (lie】n, vmjitsu (連日 ).

Deduce, t.y. (log.) en-eki (演澤 ) s.

to from, wo/oshite mi’vu ;

karajsidsatsu (推察) s ; karajwari-
dasu ; karajsuichi (拖 知) s.

JDecluct, t.v. Tdku ; sash’i-hiku ; kojo

(^^) s ; genji-ru.
Deduction, n. en-eki-hd (演繹法).
Deductive, a. eneJdhd no.
I>ee(l, n. shiwaza ; kdl (行 爲) ; shoi
(所 爲) ; (writing) shosho (證 書) ; shd-
mon (證 文).

01 transier, yudz uri-ica ta sht-


illustrious s, koseJci (功績).

title , cldken ; cliiJcenjd (^i 券


words and s, genko (g^r);

rjengo-ddm (言語 動作).

Hosted by


ふ: ソ


r 220 ]


I>eem, t.v. (consider) io/)nitome’ru ;
to/nintei (認 き) s ; (regard as) to/mi-

Deep, a. fukai ; (of colour) koi ; (mea-
suring backwards) tate ; as, 1 foot

broad by 2 feet , yoko isshaku

ni tate nishaku ; (of the voice, a sigh,
etc.) fuioi ; (abstruse) shin-en (深遠)
no ; (of an atmospheric depression)
shinko (深 罕) na.

deliberation, jukugi (熟議).

sleep, jukusui (熟睡).

sea animals, shinkai-ao-

hutsu (深海 動物).

five (of ranks), goretsu (五歹 ij)


to be in the water (of a

shi-p), fukaku ashi-Ute oru ; ica]ashi
ga haitte oru.
Deepen, i.v. / ukaku s ; (in colour)
koku s.

Deepen, i.v. fukaka naru ; koku
‘ naru.

Deep-laid, a. shln-en (深遠) im.

Deeply, adY.f ukaku.

to reflect , isura-tsura kaa-


Deepness, n.fukal koto.
Deer, n. shika.

musk , jakd-neko.

Deerstalker, n. (cap) tormdd-hb ;

Deface, t.v. suH-isnhusu ; nillcidzu
wo tsuke’ru ; (a stamp with seal) ni/
keshiin wo s ; (coin) henzo (變 造) s.

to be d, suri-t sulmre’ru ; ma-

meisu (磨滅) s.

De facto, jij’Ltsvjd (事實 上) no.

Defalcate, t.v. tsukai-komv..

Defalcation, n. hiJcloi ; tsukai-

Defamation, n. zanso (MM) ; 7d】d-

mi (誹毁 罪).
Defame, t.v. mnso s ; nojmelyo (名

春) wo gai (害) s.

Default, n. kwashitsu (過失); oko-
tari ; kaitai (tS 怠) [Civ. Pro.].

in of , – —— ga nakereba.

judgment by , kesseki-han-

た e な” (欠席 判お [Cr. Pro].

Defaulter, n. kwashitsusha ; kaiiai-
sha ; (one who fails to pay taxes when
due) fundsha (不納 者); tamosha (滞
納 者); (one who breaks an engage-
ment) iyakusha (違 糸勺卷 )•

Defeat, n. (mil) haiboku (敗北);
haigun (敗軍) ; (at law) haiso (敗訴).

total , zempai (全敗) ; sd-


unwillingness to acknow-
ledge , make-oshimi.

JJefeat, t.v. makasu ; yahuru ; ku-

to be ed, make-ru ; (in battle)

uchimake-ru ; hai ico torn ; hike wo
torn ; kudzare-ru : haihoku s ;
(at an election) rakusen (落選)

to be totally ed, zempai s ;

sb-kudzure ni nam.

Defect, n. Jcidzu ; ketten (欠 點) ;
kake ; kaldn (瑕 達).
has a in his speecli, wa]

shiia ga mvjilcai ; shita-taradzu da,

uefectioii, n. (from a partv) datto

Defective, a. kaketa ; f iikwanzen (不
完全) no ; ketten no aru ; fu-yuJci-
todoki no ; yuki-todokanu ; (insuffi-
cient) tarinai ; (of a set of things)
sorotte inai.

verb, keppen-ddsM (缺變 動

to Ibe

, or f 1(1)1 de

Defectiveness, n.fuhi (不備).

Defence, n. hogyo (防 禁) ; hogo (保
護) ; f iisegi ; shubi (守 錦) ; keiei (警
衞); bdei (防 衞); (justification) ii-
wake ; ii-hiraki ; (law) toheii (^^) ;
Jiikoku-hengo (被告 辯 護).

S, preparations for ,

hoU (防備).

coast , e» び わ Of/2/0 ( JS* 岸 防 禁).

counsel lor the , (crim.)

hengonin (辯 護 入); (civ.) hiJcoku-
d ひ inin (被告 代人).

national , koJcuoo (國 防).

self …一 , seiio-hogyo (正當 防禦);
(自衞 ).

Hosted by



[ 221 ]


Defend, t.v. mamoru ; moisu ; hogo s.

to agrainst, expr. by fusegu

[the direct obj. “being omitted in

Defendant, n. 7″‘ん’0 た”;”” (被告人);

Defensive, n. to act on the ,

hogyo no (chi (位 匿) ni tatsu ;
(at chess) gote ni na7n.

to stand on the , ukemi ni

nam ; mi-gamae ico s.

Defensive, a. hogyoteJd 鸮 的).

alliance, bdshu-domei (防 守


offensive and alliance, ko-

shu-dbmd (攻守同盟).

Defer, t.v. (put off) nohasu ; enJcl (延

to for a time, ichiji (一時)


to (as, tlie discussion of a

particular question) until after-
wards, ato-mawashi ni s.

Defer, i.v. to to, no/rydken (了

简) ni makase-ru.

Deference, n. keifuku (敬

Deferential, a, kenson (謙 避) na.

Deferentially, adv. kenson ni.

Defiance, n. idomi.

in of, ni sakaratte ; (notwith-
standing) wo/mono to mo seclzu ni.
to bia …… to, wo/idomu.

Defiant, a. gojo (5 虽 情—) na ; goian (剛
膽) 亂

Defiantly, adv. gojo ni ; gojo hatte ;
gotan ni.

Deficiency, n.fusoku (不足) ; (defi-
cient amount) fusoku no hun ; (weak
point) iansho ; (want) ketsvM ま乏) ;
futtei (拂 ,

to sliow a , futtei ico tsuge-ru.

Deficient, a. fusoku no.

in, ni/toooshii.

to be , tarinai.

Deficit, n. fusoku ; fusokagaku (不

足 額) ; ketsubd.
Defilade, n. shahei
Defile, n. keiro (徑路 )•

Delile, t.v. kegasu.

to be d, kegare-ru.

one cannot touch, pitcli with-
out being” d, shu (朱) ni

majiwareha akaku nam.

Defilement, n. kegare.

Define, t.v. (explain) toku ; toki-
akasu ; (mark out) kime-ru ; sadame-
rii ; shitei (ネ 旨定) s ; iitei (一定) s ; (a
term) ieigi s.

to boundaries, sakai wo


Definite, a. (certain) tashika na ;
skika to shita ; Icakujitsu (確 實) na ;
(fixed) kimatta ; ittei no ; matomatta ;
(clear) lianzen shita.

news, kakuhd (確報).

…… reply, kakuid (確答 j.

the article, jdkicanshi (定冠


Definitely, adv. hakkirl ; shika to.

Definition, a. (of a term) teigl (定
i^) ; toJci-akashi.

Definitive, a. (final) kekkyoku (結局)
no ; saigo 後) no.

Definitively, adv. hjo-iyo.

x^eflect, t.v. (a stroke) saJce-ru ; yoke-
ru ; uke-nagasu.

to be ed, (of a stroke or

missile) sore-ru ; (of a line) kire-
ru ; magaru.

Deflection, n. hensa (|g 差); henld
(歸 倚).

! Deform, t.v. nojkatachi ico sokone’ru.

Deformed, a.fugu no.

person, Jcatawa ; fugusha (不

具 者) ; haishiisusha 疾

Deformity, n. haishiisu.

Defraud, t.v. sagai (詐 害) s,

to a person of his rights,

. azamuite hito no kenri (權手 ij) wo
okasu, or shingai (侵害) s.
Defray, t.v. dasu ; wakimae-ru ; (from

a particular fund) shihen (支 辨) s.
Defy, t.v. (disobey) nilsomuku ; (scorn)

hesshi (蔑 jjl) s ; koto io mo shinai ;

mushi (無視) s ; (resist) nijteikb (抵

抗) s.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ

[ 222 ]


Degenerate, a. (base) 7nisage-
hateta ; (deteriorated) sidbl (衰概 )

Degenerate, i.v. otoroe-ru ; suihl s.

to into, nil nari-sar/aru ; nij


Deg-eneration, n. taikica (退化) ;
(med.) hensei (變 性).

Degradation, n. (disgrace) chijoku.

promotion and (of officials),

chutchoku (gp).

Degrade, t.v. (reduce in rank) no/
kurai wo sage-ru, or otosu ; (deprive
of rank) no I kurai wo tori-age-ru ; no/
iici (“^記) wo hakudatsu (彔! I 奪) s ;
(deprive of office) menshoku (免職) s ;
to toe d, shikujlru.

Degraded, a. Mretsu (卑劣) na.

Degree, n. (of measurement) do (度) ;

as, 90 s, Jcujildo ; (fig.) hodo ;

kurai ; as, he suffers to such a

that he cannot possibly

recover, totemo naoranai kurai ni
Jcurushinde oru ; (class) to (等) ;
(extent) doai (| ま 合) ; 磁0 (程度) ;
(of relationship) sliinio (親等) ;
(academical) gakui (學 位).

by s, shidai m ; aandan ; oi-


I am not concerned in the

slightest , watakushi ica

issetsu (一切) kicankei ga nai.

one more, issb (一, 管 )-

to reduce a penalty one ,

itto (一等) wo genji-ru.

to take one’s , sotsuqyb (卒

業) s. . .

Deny, t.v. kami ni matsuru.

Deign, i.v. to to, expr. by tamau

suffixed to the indef. form of a vb.

Deism, n. shizen-sldnkyb.
I>eist, n. sJdzen-shinkyo-io (自然 刺 i 教

Deity, n. Kami ; Shimmei (神明).

Dejected, a. to become ,

fusagu ; ioaki ga fusagu ; vtsu-
uisii s,

to be ,fusaide oru.

Dejection, n. ymdsu (憂 霹) ; an
equiv. of Dejected foil, by koto.

Delay, n. e^i-i れ 引); hinole ; yuyo

(猶 象). ‘

a of two days, futsaJca no


that will cause great , sore

de ica old ni en-in ni naru.

without , chitai (運’ 滞) naku ;

sassoku (早速).

Delay, t.v. (put off) nobasa ; (retard)
hima-dorase-ru ; todokdrase-ru.

to be ed, todokoru ; (behind

time) okure’ru ; (as a telegram, in
transmission) enchaJcu (延着) s.

Delay, i.v. en-in s ; himaaoru ; tema-
doru ; chitai s.

Delegate, t.v. (entrust) makase-ru ;
yudam’ru ; in’in (委任) s ; iiaku (委
托) s-

I>elegate, n. myddainin (名代 人);
sodairiin (總、 代人); (at a conference)
iin. •

government (pari.), selfu-iin

(政府 委員).

Delete, t.v. kedzuru ; kesu ; saJcujo
(削除) s ; massatsu (椽 殺) s.

Deleterious, a. doku (毒) no ; yugai
(有害) れ ; fu-yojo (不養生) no. 、

Deleteriousness, n. doku no am
koto ; yugai ; yudoku.

Deliberate, a. (intentional) v:aza-
loaza no ; wamto no ; た0ぇ (故意) no ;
(circumspect) ochitsuita ; teicho (奠 K
袁) na ; (maturely considered) ronj’i-

Deliberate, i.v. (ponder) yoku
kangae-ru ; shian し 思索) s.

to together, kyogi (協議) s ;

sodan (; j^i^l) s.

to upon and decide, fjl-

ketsu (議决 ) s ; gitei (議- 足) s.
Deliberate, t.v. gi s ; hydgi (評議)

Deliberately, adv. (intentionally)
waza to ; koi ni ; (circumspectly)
ochitsuUe ; (without hurrying) ki-
naga ni. –

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 223 ]


Deliberation, n. (pondering) shl-
an ; ( circiimspection ) ieicho ; (tak-
ing counsel together) kyofji (t^j 議) ;

mature …… , jiikugl (熟議),
secret s, mitsugi (密議).

L>elicaey, n. (fineness) Inmyo (美
妙) ; yuU き 美) ; (minuteness)
Jcomakai koto ; (of flavour) olshu
koto ; (luxury) zeitaku (贊澤 ) ; (a
dainty) umai mono ; kobiitsu (安-了’ 物) ;
chimmi (^i^) ; himi oia mono.

all sorts of • ies, sankai (山

■} 每) no chimmi.
Delicate, a. (of a person’s appea-
rance) kyasha na ; (of food) assari
sliita ; (of workmanship) chimitsu (敏
密)? la ; (physically) tayowal ; kyojaku
(虛 弱) れ a ; Jdyoica na.

a point, nammon (難問);

kiwadoi tokoro.

to be (in health), hory fi (fjg

柳) no shitsu (質) de ciru.

Delicious, a. kekko (結 溝) na ; ol-
sJiii ; umai.

Deliciously, adv. kekko ni.

Delict, n. kelzai (輕 罪).

Delig’lit, t.Y. fanoshimase-ru ; yo-

to be ed, yorokohu ; iireshii.

I am ed, b-yorolcdbi da ; aa !

ureshii ; (serves Mm right) ii Jcimi

I shall “be ed to, yorokonde,

or 卞 Jd7ize?i (欣然) io shite, with vb.

Deligiit, i.v. ijorokobu ; tanoshimu.
to in, ico/omosJdrogaru.

Deligiit, n. tanoshimi ; yorokobi ;
yukwai (‘I^’R) ; kwankl (歡 喜).

Delightedly, adv. yorokonde.

Delig”llttlll, a. ‘Jcp-kkd (IS 構) na ;

omoshiroi ; yorokobasldi ; yukicai (‘| 俞

‘|^) na. ‘
that is , sore ica d-ycm

Delimitation, n of a

frontier, Jcyokxii-kiraku fe I (境界

Delineate, t.v. (draw) ids 謂..
Delinquency, n. ochido.
DeliiiQuent, n. foganin.

I>eliqiie>sce, i.v. im]sJdriierl ga
kuru ; 簡] shUori ga kv.ni.

Delirious, a. to be , mucka (夢

中) de oru ; (in speech)
v:() in ; tairakoto v:o iu.

l>eliriuiii, n.

tremens, chilshv-ruino (中 酒

累惱) ; slmlmku-tammd (酒客 瞻妄 )•

Deliver, t.y. (rescue) tasuke’ru ;
sukui-dasu ; (hand over) icatasu ;
hiki-icatasu ; /cofu (交ィ す) s ; (a con-
signment) ire-ru ; hiki-waiasu ;
(judgment) ii-icatasu ; (goods at a
house) todoke-ru ; (an address) 7iobe-
ru ; (assist in childbirth) tori-age-ru.

to a message, kotoclzuie v:o

kojo (口上) ICO tsufae-ru ; den-
(傳 言) s.

a speecli, enzetsu (演說 ) s.

to personally, ie-vMashl

s ; jika ni watasu.

to be ed (of a woman), san

簡 s ; to be ed of, —imm.

to .

suJad-nushi ; kyilen-

Deliverer, n.

sha (救 接 者).

Delivery? n. (handing over) hiki-
watashi ; kof ii ; uke-icatashi ; juju
(授受) ; ni-watasJd[ol goods only] ;
(postal) naitatsu (酉!! 達) ; (from a go-
down) kura-dashi ; (of a speaker)
emetsii-buri ; (parturition) san.

a difficult , nanzan 產).

an easy , cmzan (^產

date fixed for , ulce-xmtasld-

hi ; uke-imtashi-k i .

receipt (for registered letter),

haitatsu-shdmeisho (配達 證 明 書).

goods for next montli,

raigetsu-wa ta shi no shinamono.

to pay on , shina to liiki-kae

ni kanjo (勘定) s.

to take of, wolhiki-toru ; noj

iike~icatashi v:o s ; (goods deposited
in a godown) v:o I kura-dashi s. •

Delta, n. miisumata ; kawaguchi no
sankakxi-su ( 三ガ j 洲).

Delude, t.v. azamuka ; sukasu ; yCi’
rcaku (ま 惑).’. : 十 ま ま u (癒 惑) s.

I>elllg’e, n. kozin.

the …… , dai-koz’u (大 洪水).

Hosted by



[ 224 ]

Delusion, n. (state of) mayoi ;
(error) rybken-chigai ; kokoroe-
chigai ; (superstitions) 7miso (迷 想).

J^eliisive, a. magirawashu ; (unreal)
ku (空) na ; (of appearances) mikake
ni y or anal.

Delusively, adv. maglraicasluku.

Delusiveness, n. equiv. of Delu-
sive foil, by koto. ‘

Demand, n. motoms ; seikyil (i: 青 求) ;
(more peremptory) yokyu (^:^) ;
(for goods) kake-kata ; juyd (需要 j ;
hake-Icuchi ; muki ; ure-kuchi.

and supply, juyo-kydkyfi


it s (requires), wo/ yd (要) s.

payable on (of a draft),

ichiran-‘barai (一 覽拂) no.

to be in , wajmuki ga it.

to make unreasonaole s,

nandai (If 題) ico kake-ru.

uemancl, t.v. seikyil s ; ydkyu s ;
shiite motome-ru.

to payment, harai-lcata wo

saisoku (催 f 足) s.
Demand-note, n. (for a tax) toku-

solcujd (督 IM 狀).
Demarcation , n. kwakutel (SJ 定) •

pemean, t.v. to one’s self,

nige (卑下) s ; herikudaru.
Demeanour, n. mihurl ; kyoshi (擧

it) ; dosa (動作).
Demi-lime, n. hangetsu-hd (半月

Demise, n. (of property) iten (移 轉) ;

(decease of royalty) hogyo (崩 iip).
Demise, t.v. yidgon de yudzuru.

I>emisemiquaver, n. sanjunibu-
ompi/ (三 “h 二分音符).

Demobilization, n.fukuin (復晨 ).

Democracy, n. minshu-seltal (民主
政体) ; heimin-seiji (平民 政 f 台) ;. min-
Jcen-seiji 很權 政治 j; mmsei ; (re-
public) Jcydica-seitai (共和政 鉢).

Democratic, a ; party, mhi-

seito (民 纖.

principles, mwji-shugi (民 治


Demolish, t.v. uchl-koicasu ; ko 鶴-
su ; hakwai s. •

ed bouse (by intindation,

etc.), isuhiire-ya.

Demolition, n. hakwai (破 壞).

Demon, n. onl ; akuma (惡 魔) ; akk’l
(惡 鬼).

Demonetization, n. tsUyd-halsld

(通用 廢 止).
Demonetize, t.v. nojtsuyd v:o hal-

shi s.

Demonstrable, a. shoko-daterare-

Demonstrably, adv, meiryo ni.
Demonstrate, t.v. (explain) toki-
akasu ; seisumei (說响 ) s ; hemmei
(辯 明) s ; (make clear) meihaku (明
}^)ni s ; meiryo (明 嘹) ni s.
Demonstration, n. shdmei (證 明) ;
(of armed force) jii-unao (宇 威 動).

to show by practical ,


Demonstrative, a adjec-
tive, shishi-keiydshi (指示 形容詞).

pronoun, sMshi-daimdshi


Demonstratively, adv. arl-ari to ;
arawa ni.

Demoralization, n. (of manners)

Jcwairan (^ID-
Demoralize, t.v. (corrupt morals

of) nolfugi (風儀) ico midasu.

to be d, rmdare-ru.

Demur, i.v. igi (異議) wo iw.
Demure, a. majime no ; (shy) uchiki


Demurrage, n. taisenU (、滞 船 費).
I>en, n. ana ; sdkutsu (巢 ®).
Denationalization, n. kokuseki-

soshitsu (國籍 喪失).
I>eiiial, n. uchi-keshi ; Mtei (否定).

Denizened, a persons, eij?2-

min (永! £ 民).
Denmark, n. De 糊 lakkoku (丁抹


Deiioiniiiate, t.v. ionae-ru ; sho

m) s.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ

[ 225 ]


l>enominatiou, n. (name) mdshd
(名 稱); tonae ; (kind) rui ; shurui
(種 ftj ; (classification) ruibeisu { Wi
M) ; (religious) slumon (^f^) ; Imjo-
ha (教派) ; shfika.

Denominator, n. (arith.) himho

Denote, t.v. sasu ; nojshirusJu ni

Denounce, t.v. (stigmatize) hinan
(非難) s; tsfiron (痛論) s; (inform
against) kokuhatsu (告發 ) s ; ni/il-
kake wo s ; (a treaty) h iiki (廢棄 ) sj
to …… one’s self (to the judicial
Auths.), jishu (自首) s [Cr. Co.];
ヌ’ so (齒訴 ) s.

Dense, a. me no tsumaUa ; sukima no
mi; (asof afog)/u/cai; (of a forest)

I>ensely, adv. miUu (密) nl ; sukima
no nai hodo ni.

Density, n. (degree of) kohaku (厚
薄) [lit. thick-thin] ; somitsu (魏密 )
[lit. sparse-close] ; (of the atmos-
phere) keijit (輕 重) [lit. light-heavy].

Dent, n. hekoml ; kiiboml.

Dentist, n. ha-lsha ; f^Mkim-i (齒科

Dentistry, n. shik 而.

Denuded, a. hill い… of forests,


to become , hage-ini.

Denunciation, n. (arraignment)
kokuhatsu ; (of a treaty) haiki (廢棄 ).

Deny, t.v. expr. by neg. vb. followed
to ill ; (gainsay) ii-kem ; (refuse)

*o one’s self, o ひひ re ni katsu ;

:) 鶴 (自制) s gaman (我慢) s;
shimbo (辛抱) s.

Deodar, n. IHmaraya-sugi.

Deodorize, t.v. no/shfikl (臭 氣) w’o

Deodorizer, n. shm-dcme ; hdshii-
(防臭 劑).

Depart, i.v. (set off) tatsu ; shuttatsu
( ;
(under a will) zd?jo (贈 與) [Civ. Co.].

Donkey, n. v.sagi-iima ; roba (驢, g).
Donor, n. zdyosha (贈與 者) [Civ. Co.].
Do-notliing’, a. mui (無 爲) no.
Doolie, n. kago ; nor ‘mono.

Doom, n. (destiny) ummei (jp 命) :
temmei (天命); (punishment) keibatsu

Door, n. to ; (entrance) iri-kuehi ;
(on hinges as opp. to sliding door)

a small (in a large one),

kuguri-do. ‘

in s, uchi no nalca ; honai (戸

肉) ; okunai (屋內 ) ; ya-uchi.

next , tonari no uehi ; me

cat next , tonari no neko.

out of s, soio ; omoie ; oku-

gwai (j^ 夕 卜) ; ko[fwai (戸 夕 卜).

please shut the (placard),

ajceppanashi muyb.

“the open ,,, monko-kaihd

(門戸 開放).

to go to the (of a servant),

toritsugi ni de-ru ; demukae ni de-ru.

to see to tlie (a departing

guest), okuru.

to shut the , (on hinges) to

ICO shime-ru ; (sliding) to wo tate-ru.

Doorkeeper, n. momhan (P ョ番 ). ‘
Doormat, n. kutsu-juki ; iciitsu-
kosurl ; kutsu-nuyuL

Hosted by Goo ヌ k


[ 253 ]


Doorplate, n. hydsatsu (標札).

Doorway, n. deguchi.

Dormant, a. (of a volcano, etc.)
shidzumatte iru.

> partner, iolcumei-kioniai-in

(匿名 組合 晨 )•

to be (of disease), sempuku

(潜伏) shite oru.
Dormitory, n. Idshukushn (寄宿 舍).
Dorsal, a. se no.

Dose, n. one , ippuka (— UR.) ;

itcho (一丁).
Dot, n. ien (H も) ; chdbo.

Dotage, n. to be in one’s ,

oihore’ru ; rFmid (老證 ) s ; rnoroku
(毫碌 ) s ; kinuke shite oru.
Dotard, n. oi-hore.

Dotted, a. pochi-pochi oii naite oru.
line, poisu-potsu no sujL

Dottel, n. (of tobacco) sulgara.
Dotterel, n. (Hodgson’s ringed
plover ) ikaru-chidori.

DoiilOle, a. (twofold) futae no ; nlja
(二 D no ; niju n’i natta ; (bot.) yae- ;
(of two thicknesses, of cloth) awase

book keeping” by entry,

fukushiki-hoki (複式簿記).

bottom (of a ship), nijii-zoko.

track (of rails), fukusen (複


to “be (twice as much as),

nolnibai de aru.

Double, n. (twice as much.) hat ;
nibai ; nlsobai (二 層 悟) ; (counter-
part) uri wo jutatsu ni icatta yd da
[prov.j lit. is like a melon split in

Double, t.v. (in amount) hai-mashi
ni s ; hal ni s ; (make of two thick-
nesses) hasane-ru ; mju ni s ; (the
fist) katame-VH.
to up (fold), tatamu ; oru.

I>OUble, i.v. (in amount) nibai nl
naru ; (as by folding) kasanaru ;
(return on one’s tracks) ato-modorl
ICO s ; (mil.) kake-as-hi ico s.

Double-breasted, a. (of a coat)
rydmae (兩 前) no.

Double-tlealing*, a. kage-hinata
no ant.

Double-edged, a. rydha (兩 双) no ;
moroha no.

Double -fac e d, a. isshin-ryomen (一

M 兩面) wo-

Dovible-liearted, a. futa-gokoro

I>OUble – quic k, n. kake-ashi.

Double-stars, n. mjiisel (二重星).

Doiible-tonguert, a. nhnal-jUa ico

Doubt, n. utagal ; giwaku (疑惑) ;

gi 應 (疑念) ; gni (疑義).

no (oi course), mochiron (勿


there is no that, nl utagal


to give rise to s, gigi ico


to resolve one’s s, gUjl ico

toku, or harasu.

Doubt, t.v. utagau ; fushhi (不審) nl
omou ; ica/ sJwijl-kane -ru .

Doubt, i.v. (entertain surpieions)
utaguru ; utagau ; ihukaru ; (fear)
ayabumu ; ayashimu.

to if, expr. by ayashil ;

ayashiku omou ; ibukashii ; ihu-
kasliiku omou ; neg. future with to

omou ; as, I if he will come,

are rja kuru no wa ayaslm ; lie
said he would repay me, but

I if he will, Iccme wo kaesu

to itta ga icatakushi u’a ibiiJcashiJcu-

Doubtful, a. utagawaslm ; fusliin
na ; ibukashii ; (of uncertain issue)
ohotsukanai ; (ambiguous) aimai
脉) na.

a character (questionable),

ikagaicashii Into.

a point, glmoii (疑問).

Doubtfully, adv. ibukashiku ; oho-

Doubtfulness, n. eqiuv. of Doubt-
ful foil, by koto.
Doubtless, adv. kaaaradzu ; kltto ;
(probably) okafa ; tabun (多:^).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ

[ 254 ]


Douche, n. to take a co 丄 a ,

midzu ICO aln-ru.

Dougli, n. mri-ko.

Douse, t.Y. (immerse) midzu ni

Dove, n. Barbary (tnrtur

risoriiis), shirako-bato ; juzukake-

eastern turtle (t. orientalis),


rock , kaicara-hato.

t. humilis, heni-hato.

Dovetail, n. ari-zashi ; kiri-kumi.

Dovetail, t.v. IHri-kumu ; ari-zashi
ni s.

Dowager, n. inkyo-sama (隱居 樣).

Empress , KvMaigb ; Kic’)-

iaikwdgd (皇太 皇后).
Dower, n. jisankin (持眷 金).
Down, n. (of a human being) mukiu/e ;
(on a baby’s head) uhuge ; (of a bird)
umd (羽毛) ; u-atage.
Down, prep, no shita e ; (a hill, etc.)
icojoriie ; (a well, etc.) no naka e.

the stream, nagare ni ma-


Down, adv. shita e ; shimo e [chiefly
used of a stream],

to (of time), ni itaru made.

to boil , ni-tsume-ru.

to break …… , t.v. kowasu.

to come , (descend) ori-ru ;

sagaru ; Icudarv. ; (in a demand)

to fall , (from a height) odd-

ra ; okkochi-ru ; (from an erect
position) korolm ; taore-ru ; koke-

to go , (of price) sagaru ;

geraku [ff^) s ; (from an eleva-
tion) ori’ru ; (of a swelling) hare ga

hiku ; to go a stream,

kaioa-shirno e kudcini.

to float a stream, kaica-

shimo e naqare-rii.

to hang , t.v. sage-ru ; tarasu ;

i.Y. sagaru ; tare-ni.

to jump , tobi-ori-ru ; tobi-


to feick , ke-otosu.

to knock , (from an eleva-
tion) otosu ; huchi-otosu ; (from a
standing posture) huchi-taosu.

to lay , nekasu.

to let , sage-ru ; orom.

to lie , fuseru ; ne-ru ; yoko ni


to put , (repress) osae-ru ; (a

rebellion) shidzume-ru ; chinatsu
m) s ; (deposit) oku.

to run , t.v. (depreciate) ke-

nasu ; i.v. kake-kudaru ; kake-ori-
ru ; (of a clock) wa]zemmai ga
modotte shimau ; maJci ga kire’ru.

to slip (from an elevation),


to take , orosu.

to throw , (from an eleva-
tion) otosu ; (from a standing posi-
tion) taosu.

to write (note), hikae-ru ;

kaki-tome-ru ; shirusu.

up and , (vertically) ue-shita;

(to and fro) achi-Jcochi ; to move

up and (rise and fall), agari-

sagari ico s ; to walk up and
……, yuki-ki wo s.

Tips and s (of life), v.ki-


Downcast, a. to be , waki ga

fusagu ; yiiutsu (幽 辯) ni naru.

Downfall, n. gwakai ; metw.-

hb (滅亡).

Dowiilieartecl, a. to be , hi

ICO otosu ; rakutan (落 膽) s.

Downpour, n. homhuri.
Downstairs, adv. shita 7ii.
Downstream, adv. kawa-shimo e.
Down-train, n. kudari-ressha (下

Down-trodden, a. to be …….

jurin (躁躪 ) sare-ru ; assei (壓 制)

Downwards, adv. shita no ho e.

and , ika (以下); as, children

of ten and , jissai-ika no


Downy, a. umd (巧 ^ 毛) no aru ; icata-

ge no aru.
Dowry, n. jisankin (持參 金).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 255 ]

DoxolOg-y, n. (gloria) elhnco (榮 光)
no slid (‘種).

Doyen, n. hittd (攀 頭) ; (of diplom.
corps) joseki-kdshi (上席 公使); (of
cons, corps) jdseJci-rydjl i ま 事).

Doze, n. madoromi.

Doze, i.v. nemimi ; madoromu.

to in one’s seat, i-neimirl wo

s. •

Dozen, n. one , ichi-dazu.

six of one and half a of

the other, chosan-boshi (朝 三 華
四) ; nitari yottari no koto ; goynhel-
tafobei [vulg.].

I>rab, a. lohi-iro no.
I>raco, n. (astron.) tenryu-seiza (天 倉 |

Draft, n. (of a document) shlta-gakl ;
soko (ま 稿) ; (of a law, etc.) soan ) I
(death) saigo (最後); (ot: a piece of
cloth, or of thread) hashi ; (of a stick)
said ; (of a street) hadzure ; haji ;
(object) me-ate ; mokuteJd (目 6 セ);
mokuromi ; medo ; (of time) sue.

at the (used as an adj.), haj’i

no hd ゆ、 no.

cigar, or cigarette, , sui-

(jara. –

-.… of the month, tsuldzue ;

getsumatsu ( 月 末).

• of the world, sue no yo;

basse (末世) ; sekal no owari.

of the year, toshi no kure ;

nemmatsu (年^).

he will come to a “bad , it

shini-yd wa shinai.

in the , (finally) tsui ni ;

tdtd ; tsumari ; (after all) shosen

it ]s impossible to say what

the of this will “be, kono

sue wa do nam ka dbmo shirenai.

many days on , nan nicM

mo tsudzuite.

one , katappashi.

one’s hair stands on , kami

no ke ga yodatsu ; sbkedatsu.

there is no to, nilhateshi ga

nai ; nillciri ga nai.

there’s no knowing” where it

will , sono teisJii (底 it) 請、”

tojcoro wa shirenai.

to come to an , sv.e ni nam ;

shimai ni nm^u.

to go to the of a street,

machi no hadzure made iku ; (if
another rims at right angles)

to no , muda ni.

to the that, tame ni ; yd ni.

End, i.v. owaru ; shimai ni nam ;
(cease) yamu ; (conclude) sumu ; (of
a performance) hane-ru ; (of an affair)

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 279 ]


ioa]kata ga tsuku ; rakuchaku (落着)
.9 ; Icetsuryo (結了 j .<? ; (of the year)

to in (of grammatical forms),


JK^nd, t.v. shimau ; shukeisa (終結) s ;
sliuryo (終了) s; ketsw-yo ま 了 j s ;
(arrange) no/kata tjo tsuke-ru ; (cease)
yame ru ; oe-ru ; (conclude) sumo.se-
n レ

Kndangfer, t.v. mjauku s ; Jdlcea (危
險) ni s ; ni/Jciken wo oyohom ; nilki-
gai (危害) wo kuioae-ru.

to be d, ayauhu naru ; Idkm

III naru.

to life, Inochl nl kakaru.

to property, shinshd ( J Ji)

ni kakaicani.

Kiidear, t.v. to one’s self,

expr. by chba’t. (寵愛) sare-ru, the
passive form.

Endeavour, n. hone-ori ; j’mryoku
(盡 力) ; (physical) doryoku (努力).

to make every , liyappb jln-

‘ノま ひ” (百方 盡カ) ん ‘

Kiideavour, i.v. chikam wo U-uku-
su ; hone wo oru ; jlnryohu ,9 ; tsuto-

lie ed to reach a high

position in his profession, ano

hiio wa shokiigydjd (職業 上) yoi
lehi (位地) ni nobord to jinryolcu

to to ao (make a trial at),

yatte mi’rii.
Endemic, n.fadohyd (厥±: 病).
Endless, a. (continual) kiH no ‘)mi ;
kagwi no nai ; hodzu no nai ; saigen
(際!!^) れ nai ; hateshi no nai ; eien
(永遠) 稱 ; (without end) ou’ari no

Endlessly, adv. kagirl naku ; Usu
made mo ; owari luiJcu ; Imieshi naku ;
saigen naku ; eien ni.

Endlessness, n. eien ; and eqniv. of
Endless foil, by koto.

Eiiflorse, t.v. nijura-gald s ; (aa
opinion) nilddl (同意) ico hyo (ま) s.
to on, ni wo um-

gakl s.

Endorsement, n. ura-gald [Civ,
Co.] ; (act of) ura-fjaJd suru koto ; (by
affixing seal) okuin (奥印); (of an
opinion) dot ico hydsiiru koto.

in “blank, ryakusMM-um-

gakl (略式) [CiY. Co.].

Endow, t.v (an institution) nllkifu
(寄附) s ; (bestow) sadzuke-ru ; atae-
ru ; kyuyo (給 與) s.

to “be ed with, talent, chi-

ryoku (智力) ga sonawatte oru.

Endowment, n. (act of) kifu [Civ.
Co.] ; kyuyo ; (money bestowed) kifu-

policy of insurance, yard-

hoken (養老 保 險).

K 11 durable, a. to be , wd]ga-

man (我’ 隆) ijct deki-ru ; wa]shimbd
(辛抱) gr” (:ム 3 たぶ ; taerare-ru ; korae-

Endurance, n. (jaman ; shlmho

nintai (忍 き).
Endure, t.v. nilkotae-ru ; icolkorae-
ru ;. shinogu ; shimbo (辛抱) s ; nil
tae-ru ; icolqcmvm (我’!^) s ; tainin
(耐 忍) s. ‘

cannot , ni/tamaranai.

cannot the heat, atsusa ni


Eudiiriiig*, a. niukyu (無 朽). }io ;
滅 gamochi no sum.

Endwise, adv. chokurUsa (直立) ni ;
tate ni.

Enema, n. kwanchbml (罈, 劑).

to give an to, ni/Jc 観れ cho ,s’.

Enemy, n. (in war) teJci (敵) ; (pri-
vate) ada ; kaiaici ; shideki (雕 敵) ;

the , teklgim (敵軍); teklhei

(敵 兵).

the ,s position, feJajui (敵

to communicate secretly with

the , naid (內應 ) s.

to go over to rJae , ura-girl

v:o s.

! Energetic, a. kon (根) no yoi ; sei-
shin (精神) no tsuyoi ; chikara no
haiita ; fumpatsu (奮 鐘) shita ; Jci-
ryoku no tsuyoi ; ikioi no ctru ; genkl
(3t 氣) no yoi ; elJci (鋭 氣) no am.

Hosted b ん 00 ヌ

[ 280 ]

E 冊

Energetically, adY. fumpatsu shite ;
genki yoku ; ikioi yoku ; kiryoku
dzuyoku ; eiki atte ; Icon yoku ; fun-
zen to.

Energy, n. ikioi ; seiryoku ; klryolM
(氣 力); Iconki (1^ 氣); fj^nki ; eiki ;
(phys.) kwatsudd-ryoJcu (活動力).

Enervate, t.v. yowaku s ;— suijaku
(mM) sase-ru ; no I genki (元 氣) wo

to Tbe d, yowaru ; suijaku s.

Enervating”, a. to be , yowaku

s ; suijaku sase-ru ; genkl v:o sogu,
or kujilcu.
Enfilade, t.v. yoko kara uisu.
Enforce, t.Y. shikd (施 ) s ; shikkd
(執え?) s; tori-okonau ; jUclcd (實 行)
,s’ ; jisshi (實 施) s. ―

to strictly, reik’d (勸 i “丁) ん

Enforcement, n. shikd ; jlkko ;
jisshi ; shikko ; tori-okonai.
strict , veiled.

EiifranebivSe, t.v. nl/senkyoken (選

^j^) wo afae-ru.
Engage, t.v. (attention) cJmi (注意)

wo hiku ; (distinguished persons) Jiei

(聘) s ; (hire) yatou ; yatol-ire-ru ;


is d, (of an artiste) wa]kuchi

r/a kakafte i-ru ; (of an actor) icd]
yakujo-zumi ni natte oru.
they are d in the prepara-
tions, jwnhichu (準備中) am.

to “be d, (busy) tori-konde oru ;

ie ga fusagatte i-ru ; yb (^) ga aru ;
(promised in marriage) icajii-nadzu-
ke ga aru.

to be d (and unable to see a

visitor), sashi-tsukaete oru.

•to “be …d in (a pursuit), ni jj ilji

(從 事) shUe. oru.

to be d with (occupied vdih),

* nilkakatie oru.

to an enemy, feki to tata-


Eng’ag’e, i.v. (embark in) ni)kakaru ;
(pledge) uke-au ; hiki-uke-ru.

to in (an occupation), ni/

jifji (從 事) s.

to to, future foil, by yakxi-

soku (糸 勺 束), or yaku, s.

Engagement, n. (agreement) yaku-
jd (約 條) ; yakusoku て 約束) ; keiyaku
(契 糸 勺) ; (battle) kassen (合 戰); kosen
(交 戰) ; sens5 (戰爭 ) ; tataJcal ; (of
seamen) yatoi-ire [Com. Co.] ; (pro-
mise of marriage) ii-nadzuke ; kek-
kon-yakujd (結婚 約定).

a prior , senyaku (先約) ;

(preventing one from doing some-
thing suggested) sashi-tsukae.

termination of , kctiyo

慵 )•

Eng’agiiig”, a. (winning) aihyd (愛
敬) no aru ; niJcuge no nai.

Eng’agingiiess, n. aikyo.

Engender, t.v. hlH-okosu ; okosu ;
shoji-ru ; kamosu.

to toe ed, okoru ; i じ o~shdji’ra.

Engine, n. (steam) klkai (機械) ;
Jcikimn (機 關). 一

condensing” , gydshuku-kiJd

(凝縮 機 )•

donkey …-. , み ゆ-/ ま M 補助 器 機).

fire , shokwa-ki ‘-
要) き; S ん; y さ (至要)””; lanyo (^^)

element, yoso (耍 ゆ.

oils, klhatsu-yu (氣 發》’ |J|).

parts, Icanyo na tokoro.

…… points, ydim (要點 )•

Inessential, n. リ U. り, (耍 件).

Ksseutially, adv. f だ” (現) ,’; : jiUu
(實) ni : honzen (t^B) ijorl : shin
(具) nl ; s/nyo (至要) r,i. ‘

Establisli, t.y. kde’m ; i<>ii-iate-ru ;
mokc’ru ; (an institution, company,
etc.) seUuritsa 立) s ; (a fact) ka-
kutei (確定) s ; (as, a new family)
soritsu (創立) s ; (fix) sadame-ru ;

Excitability, n. fungekl (憤激) shi-
yasul koto ; kohu (鼓舞) shi-yasui
koto ; also eqniv. of Excitable foil,
by koto.

JKxciUi,’t.v. ((a body of people) saica-
msu ; seyido (舞き 力) s ; (a feeling)
Uffokasu ; kandd {^^M) sase ru ; hage-
nnasu ; (anger) takl-tsuke ru ; okorase-
ru ; f/eki sase ru.

to be d, sawacju ; (of a num-

‘ bar of persons) gelclhb (激: ^) ふ’;
(of a person) im]/d f/a tatsu ; (per-
turbed) husso (4 勿 馬 蚤) de am ; (with
anger) yakJci (躍お) to nam.
Excitedly, adv. aicatadasUiku.
Excitement, n. saicadacU ; doyo
(動 搖) ; fwigefd (奮激) ; kan ま I (惑
激) ; kobu mm ; funkl (奮き) ; (of
the populace) gekilco.

Exciting-, a. ki (氣) ga hlld-tatsu ; ki
(氨) no tatsu.

! Excito – motor, a action,

gekido-sayo (iic 動作 用).

Exclaim, i.v. sakelni ; koe ? c ひひ ^re.”” ;
zelckyu (|gPi[.) s.

Exclamation, n. sakeU-tioe ; kyu-
kican (口 斗 喚) ; zekkyu (絕 口 斗) ; (gram.)
kantoshl (間投詞) ; kcmtanshl (惑 嘆

note of …… , kcmtdhR (閬投 點);

kantanfu (感嘆符).

Exclude, t.v. (a judge, etc., for parti-
ality) joselci (除;^) s ; (as, air) haijo
(排除) s ; (deny access) kinjl’ru ;
kobamu ; hinseki (攛 斥) s ; haiseki
(排乐 ) s ; kyozetsu は 巨絕) s ; shirizoke-
ru ; (except) nozoku ; jokyaJai (除却)
•s’ ; jogicai (I ^タト) s ; (froman account)
kojo (控除 j s ; (refuse to accept)

cannot the possilbilily

that, na’i to mo kagiranai.

Exclusion, n. kyozetsu (拒 絕) ; hal-
seld (排斥); jokyaku ; and eqiiiY.
of Exclude foil, by koto.

of foreigners, gicalkokujin-

haiseJci ; jot (攘夷) [obsolesc] [lit.

expelling barbarians].

judgment of ,joken-hanketsu

(除 濯判决 )•

Exclusive, a. (possessed to the ex-
clusion of others) dolcmju (5^ 有) no ;
in Chinese compounds doku- (简 ),
or sen- (專 ); it is also expr. by nij
kagint [to be limited to].

of, ico/Jianete ; wo/kdjo shite ;

no lioha.

use, senyT) (®/H ).

you have the right of

entering this room, anata dake
vxt kono heya e haitfe mo yoi.

Exclusively, adv. mjkaijUte ; mop-

Excogitate, t. 、’. k” 寧 e-dasu ;
hatsumel (fS 明) s ; anji-dasu ; Icv.fu
(工夫) s.

Excog:itatioii, n. (act of) ecxuiv. of
Excogitate foil, by koto.

Excommunicate, t.y. hamon (被
門) s ; jomei (除名)、 s’; nijUiikwai (返
會) wo meiji-rn.

JExcommunicatioii, n. Mmon (玻
f>g); jo”?er (除名).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 297 ]


Excoriate, t.v. nojkaica kg surl-
muku ; no/k:aica ic j liafjxi ; l-osurl-
sogu ; surl-herasn .

Excoriatiou, n. (act of) equiv. of
Excoriate foil, by koio.

Excrement, n. fun (糞) ; kuso ;
daihen (大便) ; haisetsuhutsu (おき 泄ネ勿 ).

JExeresceiice, n. (incumbrance)
zeibutsu (资 物) ; yokei-mono ; muyd
(無用) 110 chobutsu (長 斗’ 勿) ; (med.)
ibo ; Jcobu.

Excreta, n. toshahutsu (吐 i き, 5i [勿).

Excretion, n. (act of) haisetsu (排
? f:) ; ? n(mpi お” (分 ミ必 ) ; (thing excreted)
haisdsu ひ utsu (おき 泄 斗》 j) ; hv.mmfsm-
butsu (分囊 ).

Excruciating”, a. kumshil ; ha(/e-
shii ; modaesaseru ; kuinon (苦 JL^)
s a sent ; Id (氣) ni saicaru.

Exculpate, t.v. nolil-wahe s ; il-
foku ; henkai (辯每 |) s ; henso (辯 疏) s.

to one’s self, ii-waJce s ;

henkai (辯 解) s.

Exeulnatioil, n. n-wake ; henh'(d

henso (辯 疏).

Exculpatory, a. henkai {;P^^^Wi^ “.’J'”‘;
U-wake no ; henso no.

Excursion, n. (pleasure trip) ynsan

(遊 散); 2 /なん o( 遊歩); sh 学 ほ; m’

boat , juna-yusan (船 遊敲) •

ticket, yfiran-Jcippii (游 e 葡

切符); kwahju-Jcippu (同^1切^^).

train, yumn-ressha (遊孓 ||

列車) ; Imaiyu-ressha (回遊 列き).

Excusable, a. kamhen (勘 辨) no
deJciru ; yiirushiie yarareru.

Excusableiiess, n. equiv. of
Excusable foil, by koto.

Excuse, n. (bad) kdjitsu (口 實);
ii-nuke ; nor/are-kdjo (口上); tonji
(iiP) ; nige-lcojo ( |:| -ヒ) ; JcakotsuJce ;
(good) u-wake ; henkai (pi^) ;
mdshiicake ; (in reply to an invita-
tion) Jcotoicari.

Excuse, t.v. yumsu; yimen (宥 免)
s ; jo (go) s ; kamhen (MW) s;
(exempt) menjo (免除) s ; (in reply
to an invitation) kotoicaru.

my asking” but – ~ , ai-

sumhnasenu ga ; osore-irimasu ga.

my saying” so, hyshiffmke

nagara ; s-hikkel m リ ara.

I must beg* you to me

from that, sono </l (儀) ica ddzo
k’ofoicari mdshimasu ; soi-e wa
(jomen ico komurUcd ; sore wa
mappira (jornen nasai [the last is
the most forcible, corresponding to
the English expr. ” No thank you !
not at any price !,, ].

please me, gomen (御免)

kudasai ; gomen nasai.

to one’s self, ii-ioake too iu.

JExecrable, a. nlkutel na ; nikui ;
nikunikusfiu ; nUcur/e na ; nikumu-
beici ; niKurashii.

Execrate, t.v. (detest) nikiumt ; keii-
(嫌 惡) s.

Execration., n. (detestation) zd-o
(憎 惡); (expression of) 7ionoshiri ;
1 鳩、 I iMW)’
deserving of , nlkiimu-beJd.

Execute, t.v. (a deed) ni/Umel-natsu-
in (言 B 名 ま 印)’ s’; (an intention) joju
(成就) s ; selkb ( j^- 功) s ; (carry out)
tori-okonau ; shikko (執 f 亍) s’ ; jiJckd
(If?) s ; (judgment, warrant, order)
etc.) shikko (森 行) s ; (put to death,
shikei (死开 ij) ni sho }5ch5shitsu (膨脹 赏) ; (malleabi-
lity) tensei (展性).

Expansible, a. hdchdsel (膨 腺 性)
no ; hochdshitsu (膨 腺赏) no.

to be , hdchoshitsiL (膨脹 貧)

no mono de aru ; hochosei (麼腺 性)
no mono de aru.

Expansion, n. .hocho (膨膨 ;
kwaisudai (fij /c) ; shincho (伸張);
(act of) equiv. of Expand foil, by
koto : (of a country) kwaJawho (擴
張) ; hocho (膨脹).

and contraction, shiiishiiku

(伸縮). ^

people talk about the of

the mind by travel, taM ico

sum to kokoro ga iv.rohu nam to

triple (adjectively), sanju-

renkicanshlJd (三 金聯關 ^) no.

Expansive, a. (widely extended)
hiroi ; hydhaku (illl! 漠) tarn ; hyobo
(ifl^ 茫) t.iru ; endai (遠大) ‘”ひ.

JGxpaii sively, adv. Mroku ; hydhaku
(igjj^) to sidle ; hyohb (iljjjj’jt) to shite ;
endai (?^ 大) ni ; hiro-hiro.

Ex parte, a. ippo (一方) 铺 ; ippen
yori no.
statement, k’rita l ucid.

Expatiate, i.v. dklku iu ; f uen (敷
^{(f) s ; oshi-Jdraite iu ; li-nobasu.

Expatiatioii, n. faen (敷お テ) ; dklku
iu koto.

Expatriate, t.v. (banish) isuiho{}^
放) s ; hdchiku (放逐) s.

to one’s self, kiinl kara tcii-

kyo (退去) s; ム 0″, ゾ た M (本 國) vjo

JEximtriatiOD, n. (banishment)
tsuiho (追放) ; hdchiku (放逐).

Expect, t.v. (look for) expr. by the
future of the verb foil, by tolomou,
tolzonji-ru, or to/yoJci (豫 期) shite oru ;
(require) nozomu ; (wait) matsu.

I shall you, o machi mdshi-

– mas no.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 301 ]


Expect, i.T. as I ed, an (案) no

gotohu ; an, no jo (按ノ )【iO.

as I had ed, hatashite ; yoki

shita tori ; h-ingae dori ni ; nozomi-
(Idri nl.

just as I ed, (“i (案) ul


Expectancy, n. to wait in a

state of , macld-moh eie oru ;

machi’kanef e oru.

Expectation, n. hoh-oromachl ;
yoki ; (hope) Idhd (希望) ; (of a re-
sult) mi-sue ; ml-aie ; mokv.ieli ;

“beyond , hd(/imi タト).

does not come up to s,

nozoml no tori ni ilcanu ; omou’a-

shiku nai.

in the of, no Isumorl de ; no

mi-aie de ; wolate-konde.

to “be disappointed in one’s

, (de rja hadzure-ru.

Expectorate, i.v. tsvJjaki wo s ; ian
ICO halm.

Expectoration, n. (act of) fsnbahi
sxiru koto ; tin wo hahu koto.

Expediency, 11. hmrl (便利) ; hoben
(方便) ; もり!/ jl (便宜) ; (question
whether expedient or not) fokuslntsu
. (m- 失).

for the sake of , henrl no


Expedient, n. (for raising money)
sand an ; kumen ; (means) kufu (X
夫); hdhd (方法); shudan (手段);’
(shift) saJai (ft) ; horyaku (方: ;
Iceiryaku (計 畧) ; bempd (便 方),
a good …… , yoi kufu (工夫).

a temporary , ibza (當 座) no

ma-ni-awase ; kembo (權 謀) ; ma-
ni-awase ; hoben (方便 i ; (politics)
UUsahu (彌縫 策). ,

Expedient, a. henri (便 利) no yoi ;
tsugo (都合) no yoi ; hoben {^^) no ;
hengi 宜 j no yoi.

to be , tame ni nam ; toku de


Expediently, adv. oengi (便宜) ni ;
hengijd ; &e れ ァぶ (便禾 yoku ;

hengi (H^t) yoku ; tsugo ^) ; nya-
hi (入費); shishutsu (女 S); irika ;
iriyd ; nyiiyd (人 用); (annual) saiM
(鼓 費); saisJmtsu (鼓 出); (miscel-
laneous) zappl (雜 費、.

continuing , leizokuhl (ま櫞

續 a).

current , kelhi (經 費).

extraordinary , rinjihi (臨 ni》


fixed …… , keijdhl (經常 費 )-

national , kokuki (陶 費).

receipts ana , shfishi (妝 支)’

jExDense, n. mono-iri ; ivyiijjo (入
用); nyWii (入費); hiyd (費; H) ; iri-
me ; shuppi (出費); (wastenilnessj
sanzai (散財).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ

マ T,,


[ 302 ]


actual s, jippi (實 費).

at the public , koH (公費)


police s, kelsaisuhi (警察 費).

regardless of , kane ni aka-

shite ; nyiilii ico kamawadzu ni.

useless , muda-dzukai ; iohi

(徒費) ; rdhi (浪費).

various s, z,i (雜 費); <o-

yo (雜 fll).

Expensive, a. isuie no a I ; nyahi (人
費) no di ; (dear) takai ; koryd rae-ru.

Kxtencl, t.y. (a term) shJnchd (fffi_^)
s ; nohasu ; (enlarge) chddal (張 大) nl
s ; ohuJcu s ; (expand) seidal (S^— A:)
nl s ; lacahmrhd 翻 M、 .、• ; (in breadth)
Jdroge-ru ; (in length) nohasu ; sJun-
cJid .s- ; encho (延爲) ; (make

reach) oijohosu ; (prolong) nohasu ;
enki (延期) s ; (reach forth) nohasu.

a battle in ed order, stfin-

おまき (散開 戰).

an attack in ed order, scnn-

pel-kdgeld (散兵 攻擊 ).

…… ed order (mil.), sankal-Utin

(散開 隊 次).

in ed order, lmiiref.su (分歹 ij)


to commerce, hdeki u’o Jam-

kuclto s.

to one’s fame, na wo age ru.

to …… the benefits of’ the
treaty to, nifjdyaku (際 約) no
rieki (禾 Ij 益) ko oyohosu.

to the time, hi-mhe ico s ;

rdchigen (日限) loo nohasu.
Extend, i.v. (be continued in length)
noM-ni ; (deploy) tenkai (展開) s ;
(widen) hiromaru.

I (Mre. 、 、

to beyond, koe-ru.

to over several years, sa-

nen (數 年) ni wataru.

to to, (reach to) rd/oyobu :

(spread to, as a riot) nl/fiahnju (波
及) s.

•Extension, n. hlrogari ; shincho (伸
長) ; kwakuchd (擴 まま) ; (act of) eqiiiv.
of Extend foil, by kofo ; (extended
line of railway) enchdsen (延長 線) ;
(of a building) zdchiku (壻 築) ; t ま-
mashi ; (of a railway, of a term, etc.)
encho 長) ; (of commerce, etc.)

…… of education, hnjollui (教育)

no fukiju i^J^).

ot time, hl-noJjc

JIy tensive, a. hh’ol ; hiro-hiro io
shita ; te-hlrol ; kwodal (廣大 ) na ;
Inobkuxxisn (廣 •!]) na ; k’watsudai (i 閣
-k) 藝.

knowledge, hnln.shlki (jj

Wi)’ •

view (of landscape), yoi nd-


Plxtensively, adv. Jtlmku ; kvMai
id ; kiodkwaisu (廣 潮) nl ; te-hiroku ;
(in many cases) dku ; yok’u.

JExten sive ue s s, n. kwddal (廣大 );
/””•””McZaZ (潤 大); ki’: る la’Mtsu (廣、 Ij).

Extensor, n. shiaJdn (ff{!®j).

Extent, n. hirosa ; l irdhd (廣裘 ) ;
(degree) teido (程 凌) ; (in length)
nagasa ; (scope) han-i

to such, an that, hodo 鍾 0、、’-

ing pres. tense of verb.

Extenuate, t.v. karume-ru ; fjenkei
(减輕 ) s ; gento (减 等) .9 ; k/truku s ;

to be d, kiruku ni genkei 成


Extenuating*, a. karuku sum ; gen-
jiru ; genkei Gj^ 輕) sum ; ciento (ミ. 等)

reduction of a penalty for

circumstances , shakuryb-qenkel

(酌量 滅刑) [Civ. Co.]. ‘

to plead circumstances,

jojo i 情状) wo shakuryb (酌量) shite
gento (减 等) v:o m る shi-tate’ru.
Extenuation, n. kanilcu sum koto.
tixterior, n. soto ; omofe ; (aDpear-
ance) gwaikei (タ卜 形) ; (surface) mca-
he ; gicaibu (夕 ト^) ; gicaimen (ク卜 面).

and interior, udd-soto ; nai-

(nml (內 外).

Hosted b ん 00 ヌ


[ 306 ]


Exterior, a. soto no ; omofe no ;
uwabe no ; gicaimen (タト 面) no ; gwai-
(外部) れ 0.

JExterminate, t.y. (fig.) no/ne wo
tatsu ; (living things) mina-goroshi ni
s ; tayasu ; sometsu (巢 J 滅) s ; jim-
metsu (盡滅 ) s ; sozetsu (剿 絕) s ; (of
plants) kari-tsukusu ; nojne wo tatsu ;
(vermin) knjo (馬區 除) s ; hokumetsu
(撲滅) s.

to be d, mim-goroshi ni nam ;

jimmetsu (ま 滅) s ; sozetsu (剿 絕) s ;
(of plants) kari-tsukusare-ru .

Extermination, n. jimmetsu (盡

ミ成) ; sozetsu (剿 絕) ; or eqiiiv. of Ex-
terminate foil, by koto ; (of a pest)
kujo (馬區 除) ; (of plants) ne loo nuku

External, a. soto no ; gwaimen (夕 卜
面) no ; hydmen (表面) no ; omote-muki
no ; gwaibu (外- 舶) no ; f/icaifcer (外形)
no ; (from without) gwairai (夕 卜 来) 一 no:
. , commerce, qwaikoku-bdeki

けト國 貿易) • ‘

object, gicaihutsu (夕ト 物).

relations, gwaiko ひ 卜 交).

taxes, yunyiaei (輸入 ま.

for application, gwmyo (タ卜

用) no.

Externally, adv. soto ni ; gwaimen
ひ 面) rd ; qicaikei (外形) ni ; gwaibu
(外部) ni.

Externals, n. (outward appearance)
onie ; た e “(タト 見); (outward rites)
gishiH (儀式).

Extinct, a. skmi-taeia ; fae-hafefa ;
Jdefa ; owatfa ; tsukitaru.

volcano, shi-kwazan (死 j/>c 山)’

Extinction, n. sJwmetsu (消滅) ;
metsuho (滅亡) ; or eqmv. of Ex-
tinguisli foil, by koto ; (by death)
shizetsu (死 絕) ; (of a fire) chi ま ca (鎭
火) ; (of hope) zetsuhd (絕 望).

Extiiig’uisli, t.v. kesu ; messuru ;

tatsu ; tayasu ; naku nasu.

to hope, zetsuhd (絕 望) s.

Extinguisliable, a. eqiiiv. of Ex-

tinguisli in pass, voice.
Extiiigviislier, n. akari-keshi.

Extirpate, t.y. no/ne wo tayasu ;
sozetsu (巢! I お) s ; metsuzetsu (滅 fe) s ;
metsvjin ni.

and proper, soto (相 當) na ;

tdzen (當然 ) na.

weather, tenki ; seiten (B 靑 天).

…… wind, jum-im ひ厦 風); oi-te.

not ……. dzund.

Fair, n. ichi ; (at a temple) ennicJu.

Fairly, adv. shqjlkl (正直) ? U ; jinjo
(尋常) ni ; (tolerably) kanarl ; zui-
tfun ; yaya.

it may be said that, to Itte

mo inuri ica nai.

Fair-minflert, a. hempa (歸 頓) no


Fairness, n. equiv. of Fair (a.)
foil. Dj koto ; kdhei.

Fair-spokeu, a. kuchi no uraal
Fairway, n. kdro (航路) ; tsflro (通

Fait accompli, Jdsm (旣 遂) nojiji-
Z,s'” (事 實).

Faith, n. (religious) sJmilcd (信 ;
shinjin ; shinkbshin (ff 1I|Jib) ; (religi-
on) osTde ; in compomidis -kyo (教 )•

articles of , shinkd-kajo (ff

仰涸條 ),

good …… , shlngl (信義); (law)
zen-i (善意) [Com. Co., Civ. Pro.].

to break , shmgi wo yahiiru.

to put in, ico/shinyd (信用) ‘%

ni! shin wo oku.

Faitllflll, a. shinjUsu (信 實) na ; sei-
jitsu (lE 實) na; (loyal) cJiugi (忠義)
na ; (of a wife) teisetsu (貞節 j na ;
teljitsu (貞實 ) na.

the ……. shinja US 者). .

to be , (loyal) chngi ico mamo-

ru ; (of a wife) teiso (_ ^操) wo ma-


true and (copy, etc.), seijltsu

(誡實 ) 顺.

Faitlifully, adv. truly and ,

seijiisu ni.

Faitlif Illness, n. chiigl.

Faitllless, a. fajitsu (不實 )
chu (不忠、) na ; haJciijo け 靡’ | 靑) na.

Faithlessness, n. fajitsu ; liakujb.
Fake, t.v. koshirae’ru ; henzo (變 造) s.
Falcated teal, yosU-gcmo.
Falcon, n. peregrine ……, haya-


Falconer, n. takajd.
Falconry, n. taka-gari.
Fall, i.v. (drop) ochi-ru; (of mm)furu;
(of the tide) hiku ; (of prices) sagaru’,
(jeraku izo s ; (coin, etc.) henzo s.

to be ied (of expectations),


to accounts, ckdmen, or cho-

jiri, wo gomakasu.

Falsity, n. honto de nai koto.

*’alter, i.v. (in speaking) kuch’i-(!o-

Fame, n. hybban (評判); meisel (名
聲); komei (高名).

one’s good , meiyo (名 譽).

Famed, a. Kakegawa is for

its eels, unagi u、a Kakegawa no
meihutsu (名 斗 勿) da ; Kakegawa iva
unagi no meis’ho (名所) da.
Familiar, a. (friendly) shUashii ;
Jcokoro-yasid ; (unceremonious) nare-
naresJm ; (common) tsune no ; (well-
Imown) rei 彻) no.

witli (versed in), ni akarui ;

ni yoku isvjiia ; ni tsugyo (通曉 i
shit a.

to become ., nare ru.

Familiarity, n, (friendly inter-
course) kokoroyasu-da te ; na/jimi ; (nn-
ceremonioiTsness ) narenareshil koto.

breeds contempt, yoi naka

ni kaki wo slnro [lit. put up a fence
in friendly relations].

Familiarize, t.v. naresase-m.

to be d with, nilnare-ru.

to be d with the sight of,


to be d with the sound of,


Familiarly, adv. (intimately) shita-
shiku ; (皿 ceremoniously) narenare-
shiku ; enryo
na ; komei (高名) na ; nadai no’, (fine)
emi [slang].

person, nadakai Into.

physician, meii (名 醫).

place, meisho (名声 j?).

Famously, adv. (finely) umaku ;
migoto ni.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 314 ]


Fan, n. (folding) df/i ; sensu (廳 子) ; –
(round) vchiwa ; (used for the fire)
shibu-uchlica ; (of a wheel) hane ;
(story-teller’s) hari-ogi.

electric , denJd-uchiica.

mount, jUjami.

ha If- open ….. : (used at Court),

c7<f« も’ ei (中啓).

iron (with iron ribs), iessen

(鐵 扇).

war …-, fjiimhai-uehJwa (堪 fill 圆
扇 )-

Fail, t.v. (wgu ; (fig.) sendo (‘ffi 動) .s;

to be ned by the wind (as,

a fire), kaze ni aorare-rn.

Fanatic, n. shrishi-JdchUjai (お 旨 狂
氣); kjjdshinjr え.、 狂信者 V

Fanatical, a. kon-Icatamatffi.

FaiiatlCiSiii, n. kori-katarimn. –

Faiiciei*, n. kddzuka (好事家).

bird , toriya.

dog , (foreign dogs) yokenya

羊 犬 M) ; (Japanese spaniels) ch’ui-

Fanciful, a. ion-tome no nai ; (full
of whims) katte-kimama no.

Fan cifi illy, adv. tori-tome mka.

Fanciful lie ss, n. eqniv. of Fanci-
ful foil, by koto.

Fancy, n. (the imagination) sbioryo-
ku (ig 、像 力); (idea) sozo; kangae ;
(speculative belief) kuso (空想),
to have a for a woman,

onna ni Id ga am. r

to take a to (n, woman), “‘•’/

hore-riL ; niijiore-komu ; lujomoi icy
kake ru ; rdlkesd (懸想) s.

Fancy, t.v. konomu.

Faiiey, i.v. omoii ; (suppose) onioi-
nasu ; (imagine) sdzo s ; omoi-

I I have met him some-
where, doko ka de atfa yd ni

I you will fail, kiini ica

yarisokotia i-so nl omou.

Fancy, a biscuits, kwashisei-

UsitJd (菓子 讓 包).

•• dress ball, kasd-hntdhicai

(假装 舞蹈 會).

goods, komamono ;

g-oods shop, koniamonoya .
Faiig’, n. (snake’s) doku-ha ; (of a

tooth) ne.
Faii-shai>e<l, a. ichd-gata no,
Faiitastio, (not real) i Fi (空) lut ;
tori-tome no ml : (of shape) medzura-
shii katachi no ; katachi no kaimtfa ;
kiniyd (奇 女 j;) na .
Far, a. ioi ; einpo (逮 力’) no ; enkaku
(遠隔) れ ; (further of two) miuco no.

point (optics), enten (遠 點).

how is it to A.? A. e ひ

kurai da ; A. e mini hodo aru ;
(measured by ri) A. e iku ri .aru. ‘

it is not , jiH da ; zosa mo nai.

the East, Kyol utb (極東) ;

Zem 纏).
Far, adv. tbku ; (by many degrees)

haruka ni; as, superior,

haruka ni masatte orii.

as as circumstances may

permit, j>jo (事情)” yuvmuka-

as as possible, ;

and away (with compara-
tive), zutto.

and near, oikin (遠近) “i ;

ochi-hochl ; hobd (方々).

from , hariibaru ; empo hara.

how off were you ? dono

kurai hedatatte ita ka.

so as I am concerned, mt-

fahushl (lake ica.

so from , doloro de

tea nai, kaeiie.

Farce, n. koMcei-skibal (滑稽 2 居) ;
Jcokkei’kydqen (滑 襟 狂言) ; g’—d (戯
劇) ; MgeJd (喜劇) ; 她 e-shibai.

Fare, n. (food) rydri (料理) ; (charge
for conveyance) chmsen (莨 錢) ; (per-
son conveyed) kyaku (き) ; nori-te ;
(charge, by boat) f ana-chin ; (by car-
riage) hasha-chln ; (by ferry) imtash’i-
chin ; (by horse) non-chin : hadai
(馬 f《); (by palanquin) ka go-chin ;
IhY rik’-sha) kvrvma-chht. ,

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 315 ]


bill of , l omldte ; shina-i/aM.

good 一… , go rhhd (御馳走).’

Fare, i.v. how did you ? dd

imrlmashita kn ; Uair/a deshittt.

Farewell, interj. sxyo-nara, リ” li-
(jp’ii yoroshil. ‘

Farewell, n. (act of depfirting)
vakare ; nagori.

address, sohcfsii-eiizef.sif. (送

別演說 ).

dinner, s-dbeLsiie)i. (送別’ ;

vakare no .mkadznki ; her)p’d (牽’ j’ ゲ’

附會レ マ” (說 ). ‘ 、

Farm, n. (cultivated land) drnn ( ffl

experimental , uojl-sl/il.pnju

Farm, t.v. fsvl. uru ; kosaku s.
Farniei-, n. (cultivlitor) hyakushd (百
她): き” (農家); “な 夫); t’jka-

Fariii-liovise, n. udl-.a : hijak-iisho-

ずし ‘
Fariiiin^, n. (cultivation) ,, る qy” (農

業); nosahn (,t 作); kosakv. (‘耕作).
Fari’ago, n. (jota-^naze.
Fari-ier, n. (horse-shoer) ieileiko (鐵

MX) ; kamuiufsu-^Jd ; Mttlsukb ;

( vet. } わ” 馬 倉).

Farriery, n. feftelhdsn. ; teitefs>n,dsH
(蹄 細.

Far-seeiiij», Frtrsi<»lited, a.

(fig.) senl-en (先 见) no aru.

Farsi8lltedll(SS, n. (lit) enshh/aii

(遠視眼). ■

jt’art, n. lie : o nara [used by wo-

to let a , he u”) hl-ru ; o nara

ひ,、’; /, ぶ”‘ (放 展). V.

Farther, a. mnko no.

JPart】ier, adv. moffo tbl u.

Farthest, a. ichlhan tm.

r asciiiate, t.v. uo/h-ohiro ico umu ;
mayoimsu ; (as a snake) ml-komu.
he is d by her beauty,

“no 0)ma no •utsuk-us-hu no ni m な-
yoite /./'”.

to be d by, nrml-lore rn : nl/


Fascinating, u. (chai-miDg) alkyo
(愛橋) no aril.

r asciuatiiigiy, adv. hm、c-h 帳 mriL
hodo ; ml-toreru Itodu.

Fasciae, n. hd-.e-Uiha : soknsal (束

Fashion, n. (shape) fsukm’l-lmta ;
(the prevailing mode) hay art ; ryTikd
E 滿)
shite. ; (greasy) ahurakkoi.

to get futoru ; koe-ru.

Fatal, a. (of a wound) shinu hoclo no ;
inochi ni kakaru ; (irretrievable) torl-
kaeshi no dekinal.

disease, sJdhyd (死病) ; f”jl-

.s ん 5( 不 f 台 症). _

wound, chimeisho (致^ f 募).

Fatalism, n. jdmyoron (定^ 論).
Fatalities, n. (munber of deaths)

shibds2i (死亡数).
Fatally, adv. to be wounded,

chimeisho wo uke-ru.
JPate, n. (destiny) nn ; ummei (運命) ;
(decrees of heaven) temmel (天命).

to accept as , nn to (ikh’ame’


Father, n. chichi ; otottsan [fam.] ;
iete-oya ; (one’s own) oyaji ; (an-
other’s) (JO sompu (tJp@!$C) ; g’-) shwi-
pu (御繞 父) ; (when addressing a
child) otottsama ; otottsan.

adoptive , yofu (養父).

and mother, fiwo (父母) ;

ryoshin (兩锐 ).

…… and son, fashl (父子).

Father-in-law, n. shiito.
Fatlierlaiid, n. sokci u (祖國 )•

FatllOlll, D. hiro ; jin (零).

how many s ? ikvjin.

FatllOlll, t.v. (fig., a design) ml-
miku ; kampa (看破)

cannot “be ed, hakarenai.

to try to another’s

thoughts, hito no hara wo saguru.

Fatliomless, a. soko no ml.

Fatigriie, n. tsiikare ; kiddhhe ; h”,o
(疲勞 ).

barrack , einal-tdhan (營 內赏

dress, .s ‘”た u ひが “/”人: “(作業 IM).

duty, zatsiiyaku (;^ 役) ; to

TDut on duty, nljzaisuyaku

7W ii-tsuke-ra.

Fatig’lie, t.Y. tsukarase ra ; de]tsuka-
re-ru [lit. be fatigued by].

to become d, yoicaru ; kuta-

hire-ry ; tsukare-rv. ; (bored) iai-
kutsu (返 屈) s.
Fatness, n. futotta koto ; koeta

koto ; himan. (fit 滿 )•
Fatten, t.v. fOiorase-ru ; koyasu.
Fatty, a. aburakke no aru ; ahurak-
koi ; (made of fat) shihbshiisu (fl 旨肪
It) no.

degeneration , shlhd-henshd

(脂肪 變 性). ^
Fatuity, n. Idnuke shite ovu l-oio.
Fatuous, a. Jdnuke shita.
JPatllOUSly, adv. Idnuke shite.
Faucet, n. nomi-guckl.
Fault, n. ayamachi ; ochldo ; (flaw)
kldzu ; kakln (瑕 M) ; (defect) ketten
(欠黑 も) ; (as, in an exercise) machif/ai ;
(law) ku-ashifsu (過失) [Coin. ‘Co.,
Civ. Pro.].

it is the of the parents’

training”, oya no shifsuke ga
imrui no da.

it is your , omae ga warui

no da ; omae no hunen { j^}^) da.

it must be the of the

weather, tenid no sei dard to

to find , kogoto ico la.

Fault-linfliiig*, a. kuchi-yakaim-


to be , am wo sarjasv.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 317 ]


Faultiiiess, n. equiy. of Faulty
foil, by koto.

r^aultless, a. mdshlhvn no nai ; ilhun
no nai.

Faultlessly, adv. ayaimri naku ;
iihun naku.

Faulty, fi. ketten. no bi ; m’lchlfjal no
yoku aril ; mostiibun no aru ; fu-
kicanzen (不完全) na.
Fauna, n. ddhutsu-rui (動 i[% 類).
Favour, n. megimii ; on ; onhei (恩.
惠) ; (patronage) hUJd ; hUd-tate ; al-
ko (愛顧) ; (partiality) ekohllk’ し

by your , o kar/e de.

facts in oi the accused,

hikoku no rlekl (禾 IJ 益) to nam

thank you for past s, mai-

do sewa ni natte aru/atd zonjimas’U.

to be in , chd (f|) wo uke ru :

(in fashion) hay am.

to be in of (a proposal), wo I

samei s.

to find with, noiki nl iru.

to make a great of, iroj

taiso 0)1 nh kake-7’u.

to result in of (of a suit),

no/kachl ni. naru ; n つ lsh?)sr) (勝 訪)
nl naru.

to win the of, m)l レ ‘u’cinshhi

(歡’ じ、) 鶴 k(m.
if JlVOlii*, t.T. niegmnu ; nijme wo
kake-ru ; (take the side of) no/kafa
– wo motsu ; (! I plan) sansei (赞ま .s’ ;
(resemble) ni/nite oru.

to be ed with, nl/adzukaru.

to with, an interview,

ni/menkwal (面 會) shite kudasaru.

Favourable, a. (conducive) tsur}b
no yol.

circumstances, kofsur/d (好

都合). ^ ‘

comment, kohyo (女予 評).

opportunity, ko-kikinai (好

機 會).

to, m r’lekl to naru.

wind, jump a (順 pj.

to wait for a time, il jikl

(時 j^) 體 TiviAsu ; (for some bad
! iction) sJiv.hl (首尾) ICO ukacjau.

l^’avourably, adv. (condncively)
isucjd yoku.

Favourite, n. o-kl-ni-irl ; (of so-
ciety) aikyd-yakusha (愛橋 役 卷).

Favourite, a. irhihan suki na ; (of
persons) hiikl na ; o-ki-ni-lrl no ;
chdai (fl^) no.

cJaild, O’liioi-r/o ; clidai-go.

i Favouritism, n. eko-hnki ; jojUsu
! (情 賀); kata-hiikJ.

Fawn, n. ko-jil a ; shih’a no ko.

Fawn, i.v. (on, ui) kohi-hetsurau.

Fawii-COloiirecl, a. kar/e-lro no.

Fear, n. osore ; (apprehension) ke-
nen (懸; ft) ; Jddzukai.

there is of, no osore ga am.

there is no of, Jddzukai ica

nai following vb.

Fear, t.v. osorem ; kovxKjaru ; n’lj
i oji’VU ; niiojike-ru.

I Fearful, a. (dreadful) osoroshii ;
h’owal ; okkaaai ; nikurdkiishii.
to be (afraid), kowa</cmi.

Fearfully, adv. (dreadfully) osoro-
shiku ; hldoku.

Fearless, a. da It an {-MM) 滅’

of, icolosoroLCii ; ni/ojinm.

Feasibility, n. (whether feasible or
not) seihi ま 否).

to consider the of a plan,

keilcwaku ト疆) wet togeru ha
tor/enai kn wo kawjae-ru.

Feasible, a. deJdru.

not in practice, jlssal (g

際) ni ica okonaicarenal.
Feast, n. (banquet) qo chiso (御繩
走); 人ず-パパ 饗應 ); (festival) matsuri ;

as, the of lanterns, hom-

matsuri ; (of the Church) shukujitsu.
immoveable , kotei-shuJcu-

, ヌ. (固定 祝 H).
moveable , idd-shubujlfsu

(移動 視 m.

Feast, t.v. nljchisd s ; wo/kyoo s.
Feat, n. gel (—蘇) ; (acrobatic) karu-

of strengtli, chikara-mocki ;


s of arms, Imgei (武藝 ).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 318 ]


Feather, n. (Jarge) kane ; (small)

• ke. I

birds of a ficck together, |

wfthi If a nsJd-dzii.rp, it ma ica “ma- 1

diiirc. I

brush, hane-hatall ; .mi- i

mattress, hane-hii.io}i. j

Fcatlier, t.v. (an arrow) haqu. |

■ I

Features, n. ydf,” (容 |^). ;

the main of a scheme, j

daifal (大体). ;

Febrifuge, n, uetsa-saiaaskl ; ge- ‘
netsKzal (解熱- 劑) ; -、 ‘eirydz ひ I (淸 } 京 :

February, n. rdr/u-atsii [nJl) ;
klsara(/i lonly used m i)oetry].

Feces, n. d(i;l”m (大便).
Feckless, a. ihijl no nai.

Federal, a. reinpo „o. :

government, rempo-seifu ;

(聯邦 政府).
Federation, u. /で’ ゾ /’ バ聯 AO: ((‘on- :

federacy) rempd. ,
Fe<s n. share}. (謝 ig) ; hos/ul (報酬) ; ‘

re thin 会) ; (for an official service) j

iestlryb (手数ね ; (paid by the :
month, as school fees) リ <)s -、 ha ( )] |^ j ) ;
(doctor’s) shhisais’ii.ryd i^^M^) ; ‘
yakurel (藥 ; (painter’s) jnmplf.su- ;

? 7/0 (i 間 築 ; (of }i rfeirdn, as a story |
teller) shlajl {‘MM:) ; (of a ‘jeis’h ひ, etc.) ‘

<ji/oJa(dfd ; iiyoku ; agedal : |

shilgl [present rather than fee] ;

(gratuity) l-ohn’o-<huke. ‘•

copying , (official) Ibsltariju

(IHI 寫 料); (non-official) hlkkoryi) ;
(舉耕 料). ‘ I

for a Jiegal (or other expei’ り ‘

opinion, kanMryo (鑑ぉ 料). |

Feeble, a. ym り; : l、 (i リ m’-al ; hal n-

J ‘”人'” (薄弱)””. ‘ i
Feebly, adv. yomiku.
FecHl, t.v. tahemse-ru ; (birds, or lisli) .
iille co yam.

to a child on milk, <iymiiri !

(•’j 二 乳) de h.odomo wo svdate-ni.

to a horse, uma id hai wo


Feed, i.v. fahe-ru ; (of bir<ls) ひ、’ “‘/”/. i

to on, tro’hni.

*’ee<l, n. tabemono.

Feediiig-bottl(% n. rhir.hi no iokku-
n ; uba-iradzxi.

Feedpipe, n. kiimuikv:an (給水 ‘ず)’

Feel, t.v (touch) ijh’u ; nl/sawani ;
saicattn ml-ru ; (the pulse) mi-ru ;
(have a sensation of) kanjl-ru ; oboe’
rit. •
Feel, i.v. (have a sensation) oboe’ru ;
(haTe the sensibility affected) kanji-
I’ll ; (have an idea of) oraol v:o .s- ; as,

to cold (in the absence of the

exciting cause), samui cm.oi ico s.
I for you, r> msshi moshi-

to after, v:6l; ‘ず”.

to as if, tca]f/o na ii-ol-oromocJu

<ja .、’. • ‘

to certain, tasldka id omou.

to cold (actually), mmwjaru.

to sorry for, irojkhicdohu-

(jaru : icojh-la(Hloku ;•〃• <ymou : (re-
pent of) h-iiipmi.

to unwell, hihji’fymnrhi <ja.

ir (It’ll ‘i.

FV(、1, 11. fe-(tfarl ; le-Z(vic<in : sli.usfhoku

(手 觸): rts, I don’t like the

01 silk, v’dfalnshl va k’nin do te-
zaviar’i <jn I ‘lral da ; ; kanji ; as, a pleasant

, u koloromocJd ; (idea) omoi ;

(emotion) jo ; lamj” (l^’fj^) ; (kind-
heart eclness ) > < ひ.、’〃/、 v .

bad (resentment), al-u-kanjo

(惡惑 情).

my hands are so cold tJiat I
have no in them, tc wa

l ofjoeie h artji fja nai.

popular ….. -., j’ ‘”た,: ( 人

to sympathize with (another’s)

s, nojh’ohoro no nr.hi iro ms –


-Feign, t.v. no j mane s ; ao/j-uH wo
.s” : wojoiaote nl kazaru ; yosoou.

to ignorance, shimnu kao

iro s.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ

[ 319


to sicKness, l-e^njo wo

れ、 “uj 、直,

Peij^’licd, a. sora- ; nise- ; sorf/zora-

……. laughter, sora-uaral.

sickness, kdlnjo : sakuhuo


sleep, sora-ne ; tanul i-iieh’i.

tears, sora-nakl.

voice, fsukuri-</t)e.

Feint, n. (in war) kensei-iindo (牽制
運動) ; 卞 youoki (佯擊 ) ; (in fencing)
damash i-uclii .

to make a , damashJ ‘び”


Feldspar, n. “i た'”‘/” j 人:”.、 で, し • (i^】 色 石).
Felicitate, t.v. idLshugi ico iu ; nl/
shugi wo nohe-ru ; rdl shuku-l aUe ;
katappo ; !、’ (Uukata ; (of a scientific
society) nie’iyo-Jacaiin (名 親會 具)
[strictly, lioiiorary member] ; (com-
panion) i>nl,-am.a ; (term of contempt)

s (in contempt), teai.

cousins, itoko-ddshl ; [doshi

expresses the idea of a feeling of
fellowship between the individnals,
so that the expression lyddai-
doshi, fellow-brothers, is admis-
sible in Japanese though not in
English ; yakanin-ddshi means
fellow-officers with this feeling
implied, but a fellow-officer is
simply doyaku].

that , aifi>-u ; ん り/〃/.、’/.

this , Imtsv.

those s, aifsvra.

Fell ow-c re a ture, n. oudji nln-
(j き ; “””f/e”, (?ふ (人間!^ 士 )•

Fellow-feel iiiii;, n. (l7>jo 情);

Fellow- j» iiest, u. “l-!、!ja!、:’ し

Fellow-lodjJ^er, u. (occupying one
room at an inn) al-h yaku.

to be s at an inn, tomarl-

(iv:<isc-ru ; al-yado ico s.

Fellow-meii, n. one’s , dohd-

人’, (同胞 兄お.

FollOW-officer, n. ddyal.-a (同役);
doryd (同僚).

F(41ow-l>r!S<)ii<»r, n. ai-ro no

Fell owsl lip, 11. (association) naka-
ma ; (companionship) majhcari ;

good , shim し oka (fill 垄).

Fe I lO W -S Olil ier, n. nnkaPi.

Fellow-student, n. r/aJmyn (學
友); dd.sd (同窓); heiko-nakuma ;
monjin-doshi ; ai-deslu.

Fellow-traveller, n. mlchl-dziire ;
tabi no tsure.

Fellow-Avatcliuuiii, n. ai-han.

Felon, n.jffzahun (重罪 人) ; (general)

zainin. v’*

Felony, n.jtlzal [Cr. Co.].
Felt, n. *.

Female, n. mesa ; men ; (woma-Qf
oima ; (ma (10 [W. Japan].

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 320 ]


Female, a. me- ; (pertaining to wo-
men) onna no.

child, joshi.

education, josld-kyoiku (女

子 教育).

head of a family, onna-

. koshu.

operative, jokd (女工).

JFeminiiie, a. o 職 arashU ; (gram.)
josei no.

gender, josei (女性).

Femoral ai’tei*y, koddmyaku

Femur, n. daUalkotsu (大腿骨).
! Pen, n. mma,.

Fence, n. (general) kakoi ; (con-
timious structure) hei (稱) ; (with
open spaces) kakine ; kalci ; saku.

bamboo , take-yarai ; take-

gaki ; (of split bamboo set close
together) kennenji [corruption of
kemiinji] ; (of slender bamboos
placed several inches apart) yofsu-

politicians who sit on the

…… ,juiiJceUomMm-

wooden , Uahei.

! Pence, t.v. kakou.

! Pence, i.v. kenjutsu wo tsukau.

! Fencer, n. kenjuisu-tsukai ; gekken-
7c” (擊劍 家); fce まま” (劍 客).

! Fencing*, n. kenjutsu (劍 術) ; gekken.

master, kenmtsu no sensei


school, kenjutsu no kelkoha ;

. cZ<l/5( 道 塲).

sticks, shinai. –

JFendL, t.v. to off, yoke-ru ; uke-


Fender, n. (before a fire) suidbu no
kakoi ; (for a boat) Jcamase ; (for a
junk) danzure.

Fennel, n. uikyd.

Ferment, i.v. hakkd s ; (of the
wort) icaku ; (of grain, etc.) mure-ru.

Ferment, n. (yeast, etc.) kdbo (酵母) ;
(used in sa/i-e-brewing) moto ; ^’h)-

angle of , hasshalcaku (發

射 灼). ,.
an incendiary , fsuketn ;

hokwa (放’ 人).

big” (conflagration), o-kicaji ;

taikwa i^tk)’

cease ! tichikata yame.

cross , kdsha (交 き

direct , chokusha (直 財).

enfilade …… , jnsha m^i)-
field of …… , shakai (射 界).

! ute.

broke out at No. 2, niban

kara shukkica (出火) shita.

test 115 degrees (for oil),

hidome 115 do.

flanking’ , solcusha (側 財).

miss ,/ “ん (不發 ).

oblique , shasha 辨).

spot where a originates,


strength, of a , hi no te.

the has been extinguisli-

ed, kwaji ga Jcieta ; chmkwa
(繊 natta.

the has burnt out, Id ga


the has g^one out, hi ga


there is no smoke without

, hi no Ice no nai tokoro Icemuri


to be on , moe-ru.

to be under , hogeki (fife 擊)

ICO uke-ru.

to catch. , moe^suku ; (one

object from another) ni]hi ga

to destroy by , yaki-suie-ru ;

to he destroyed by , ruisno

Hosted by LjOOQle


[ 326 ]


(類 燒) s [only of a fire which
started elsewhere].

to light tlie , hi wo okosKj

or faki-tsnke-ru.

to miss , de-sokonau.

to set to, (a house) nijhi wo

tsuke-ru ; oii/hokwa s ; (fuel) wo/

Fire, t.v. (a gun) hanasu ; uisu ; (a
torpedo) liassha (f^M) s ; (a town)
yalcu ; nijhi ico hanasu ; (pottery)
yaku ; (tea) hdji-ru.

to ball cartridge, jltsudan

(實彈 ) 鶴 hassha (發 財) s.

to blank cartridge, Ica-

hatsu (空 發) s.

to volleys, issei (一 齊) ni

hassha s.

JFire, i.v. teppo (鐵 砲) ? co hanasu, or
utsu ; happo (發 砲) s,

:Fii*e-alai’】n, n. hanshb (半 M) ;
kviaji no shirase.

of 4 “bells, yoisiihan.

Fire-arm, n. teppo.

s, j2iki (叙 器) ; jilhd ; slioju


dealer in s, juhoshb (銃砲 商).

! Fire-arrow, n. Idya.

Fire-bell, n. hanshd (半鐘).

to sound the rapidly,

haya-gane ico utsu.

! Fire-brand, n. moe-gui ; moe-sashi ;

Firebrick, n. taikua-renqica (而

Fire-brigade, n, hikeshl-f/uml ;
shoho-gumi (消防 組). •

Fire-drill, n. (firemen’s practice)
shoho-renshu (f 崎 練習) ; dezome
[used of the exnibition given in
January each year].

Fire-engine, n. pompu ; ryadosui

(龍 吐 水) ; shohdici (消防 器).

rire-extinguislie】% n. shokvcaki

FireHy, n. hotaru,
Fire-gliarcl, n. kam-ami ; ami.
Pire-liook, n. tohi-guchl.

F ire-in suran c e, n. kicasai-hoken
(iA: 災 保險) [Com. Co.].

Fire-irons, n. stdhu no dogu ; Icicaki
(‘八 器). .

Fireman, n, hiJcesM ; shobbfu (消防

夫) [the material of a Japanese ,s

dress is called sashiko] ; (stokei)
kwafu (i^c 夫).

Fireplace, n. irori [a square depres-
sion in the middle of the floor] ;
(foreign) stohu.

kitchen , kamado : Iddoko.

Fire -plug, n. hdkicasen (防 ゾく检 ).
Fire-proof, a. hidzuyoi ; hdkwa no.

oil, hidome-ahurcL

safe, hokwa-Jdnko (防 ゾく 金庫).

Fire-shovel, n.jund.

Fireside, n. hi-no-soha.

Fire-Avalking”, n. (Shintd cere-
mony) hi-icatari.

Fire-warden, n. hi no ban.
Fire-water, n. (bad liquor) kichi-

Firewood, n. talcigi ; takimono ;
iaJcitsuke ; (shaped) maJci.
dealer in , makiya.

Fireworks, n. hanabi.

dealer in ― ―

to let off. , hanabi ico age-ru.

Fire-worsliipper, n.kmakybjin [>h

教 入).
Firing”, n. sJiageJcl.

kneeling”, shissha (膝 射).

lying down, fukusha (f^ 射).

party (at a funeral), r/ijohei

(儀仗兵). ‘
practice, hakkica-enshii (發


standing up, iachi-ucJiL

independent , kyiishageki

射 擊).

sound of (of artillery), iwsei


volley , issei-shaqeki (ー齊 射

擊). ‘
Firm, a. shikkari shita ; (in purpose)
Jcesshin (决 i じ、) no katai ; ugokase-
nai ; mayowasarmai ; (not soft) katai.

“belief, kaJcushin (確信).

Hosted by



[ 327 ]


Firm, n. shokimn (亭 館) [esp. a

foreign ] ; shdkicai ({^ 書) [nsecl

with the name of the ] ; shoten

JPirmly, adv. shikkari to ; shlka io ;
(stroBgiy) jdbu nl ; (in refusing) kat’i-

Firmness, n. shikkari shita koto ;
(determination) keUvdan (决斷 ).

First, a. (of time or place) icfiiban
sakl no ; massaki no ; (earliest) saisho
(最初) no ; shote no ; (ordinal of one)
ichlban (一番) no.

…… aid (mecl), okiju (應 急) no

officer (nant.), iftd-untenshu

(一等 運轉 手).

secretary (of Legation),

Uto-shoJcikwan (一等 書記官).

for the time, hajimete.

in instance (law), dai-isshln

(一審) ni [Cr. Pro.].

in the place besides

, dai-ichi ni katsu .

of the rank (of artists, poli-
ticians, etc.), dal-icJdryu (^一流)

the , (of the month) Ichini-

rhi ; isuitachi ; (with a Sovereign’s
name) dai-issei (- き; 一世).

the consignment (of the

season), hatsu-nl.

the snow (of the season), h(i-


the time, haj’nne ; the

time I fired a gun, hajimete ieppo
ICO ufia toki ni.

to be the to enter a fort,

sentd (先登) s.

JPii*st, adv. sakl nl ; (in the first place)
dai-ichi ni ; madzu.

at , hajime ica ; saisho v:a ;

hajlme no ucJii im ; shoie ni

from the , saisho yori ; haji-

‘ine kara.

to g-o , sakl e ihni.

First-born, a. sdryd (總, 領) no.

child, uigo.

…… daughter, cMjo (長女).

son, chonan (; ^男).

First-class, a. jdld (上等) na ; (of
tickets) joto no ; ittd (—等) no.

First-fruits, n. hatsumono.

Firsthand, a. (of information) jika
ni ktiia ; honnin (本人) kara no.

Firstly, adv. dai-khl ni.

First-rate, a. joto na.

statesman of ability, itid-

ryft (—等 流), or daiuM-riju (第一
流), no seijika (政事 家). –

Fiscal, a. Z’dsel no.

policy, zalsel-selsaku (1 は 政

政 镜).

stamp, shilmju-inshl (收入 E 卩

紙) ; shoken-inshi (‘證券 印紙).

vear, kiraikel-nendo (會計 年


Fisli, n. 110 [not as food] ; (as food,
etc.) sakana [a. n. Juki (匹) ; hi (尾)],;
(collective term) gyorui (ま 類).

baked , yaki-zakana.

“boiled , ni-zakana.

“broiled , yaki-zakana ; (with

salt) shio-yaki ; (with soy flayonr-
ing) terl-yald.

dried , himono.

fresh. (not salted), nama-mo-

no. ”

iried , (a ia japonaise, with

salt) shio-yakl ; (with flour) tempu-

raw , (a dish) sashi-mi ; tsu-

kuri-mi [W. Japan] ; (washed after
slicing) arai.

small , ko-zakana ; zako-mo-

no [provincial].

to feel like a out of water,

femochi-husata de am ; kappa ga
oka e agatta yd da.

Fisli, i.Y. wo, or sakana, ico torn ;
(with a line) sakana loo tsuru ; (with,
a cast-net) ami wo utsu ; (with a drag-
net) ami wo hiku.

to for compliments, mldzu

wo nmke-ru.

to with the fly, kabarl de


Fisliermaii, n. rydsJd (ii^ 師); gyofu

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 328 ]

! Fisliery, n. (business) ゆ; gyoryo
(漁 獵) ; gyogyd (漁業) ; (place) rybha

(IS 傷) [the ies on the Yezo coast

are called basho].

deep-sea ies, or fishing”,

oJd-ryo ; enyb-gyocjyd (遠洋漁業),
long-shore ies, jUcata-ryd.

Fish-gig*, n. yasu.

Fish -hawk, n. misago.

Fisliliook, n. tsuri-barl ; hari.

FiSlimg’, n. ryd ; (angling) tsurl ; v.
also Fishery.

boat, ryosen (漁船) ; (for ang-
ling) tsuri-bune.
…… fly, kaharl.

line, tsuri-iio.

rod, tsuH-zao [a.n. hon (本)].

FlSil-iiisect, n. skiml ; shimi-mushl.

Fisli-inaimre, n. sUme-kasu.

JPisli- market, n. uo-icU ; sikana-

! Fishmonger, n. sakanaya ; naya.
Fish-oil, n. gyoyu ; gyotdyu (魚 燈’ 油);

JPislipoild, n. (where fish are kept
for food) ilcesii ; (do. for sport) tsurl-


形 水雷).

1. (jyokei-suirai (魚

! Fisliy, a. namagtisai ; sakana-kusai.

JPissure, n. wave ; sulci ; icareme ;
Icireisu (翁 裂)’

rist, n. kdbushl.

clenclaed , nhjiri-kobiishi ;

genkotsu (拳骨).

to give a hard blow with, the

, nijtekken (鐵 拳) wo kuwae-ru.

Fistula, n. rdkican .

Hosted b ん OO ヌ

‘ ,*”、,》、^”^^^!”ニマ


Flower-scissors, n. Jcusa-basami ;

FlOWer-sliOW, n. hcum no kicai.

Flower- vase, n. hana-ike ; kicah’m
(— i^jf^) ; hana-iate.

Flowery, a. hanayaka na ; hana-
hanashli ; kwabi nu.

the Kingdom (China), Chu-

kica (中華).

Fluctuate, i.v. kunm ; kdge s.
Fluctuating’, a. gi’va-gura sum.
Fluctuation, n. (imsteadiness)
kimar’i no nai koto ; (of trade) seisui
(盛 靑) ; ん e,” お (戀 寧) ; (rising tind
falling) a(/arl-sagcm.

violent s (of prices), rankoae

(亂 高下).

flue, n. kemuri-dasJd ; kemu-dashi.
Fluency, n. benzetsu (辯 舌) ; ryucho

Fluent, a. ryucho na ; henzetsu no
yol ; lien no saicayaka na ; hen no yoi.
is not , kuchi-lmchdhd da.

Fluently, adv. sura-sura to ; ryucho

Fluff, n. ke^ja ; (shifiing of a garment

which has worked its way out) sui-

Fluffy, a. Iceba no ot.
Fluid, n. ryildohutsu (流動物) ; ryildo-

tai ; elcitai (波 鉢).
Fluid, a. in compounds midzu-.
Fluke, n. (of an anchor) tsume ;

(lucky shot) mar/ure- atari.
Fluor-albus, n. (lighter kind) koshl-

Jce ; taige (帶卞 ) ; (graver kind) shira-


Fluorspar, n. Jwtaru-ishL

riurried, a. aicatadashli.
to be , awate-ru.

Flurry, n. (panic) rdbai (狼 狃).

a ol wind, icJnjm (一陣) no


in a , awatadasMku,

Flush, i.v. (redden) akaku naru ;
(with shame) kao ico akaku s ;
seJcimen (赤面) s.


Flusb, t.v. (cause to start up) oJcosu ;
(wash) nagasu.

Flusli, n. (of sunset) yuijake. ,

Flute, n. yokobue ; dteki (橫 |&).

Fluted, fi. kurl-fiata no ; mlzo no

Fluting*, n. (groove) mizo.
Flutter, i.v. hiratsvku ; pim-plra s ;

hiranieku ; hira-h’ira s.
Flutter, t.v. to the wing^s,

ha-haiaki, or hane-bataki, ico s.
Flux, n, (diem.) yoza’i (ミ 容郏 1) ; (dysen-
teric) fjeketsu (卞 血).
Fluxion, n. (of blood to the head)

nohose ; r/yakujo (逆 _h).
Fly, n. (insect) hai ; (length of a flag)
nag are.

artificial , ka-harl.

green , ao-bai. .

horse , aim,

Fly, t.v. (as a kite) age-rii.
Fly, i.v. tolm ; (flee) nlge-ru ; (abscond)
tosd s ; (of time) tatsu.

to be sent ing (of a person),


to about , iohi-mcticaru.

to …… across, tobi-wataru.

to apart, tobi-hanare-ru.

to asunder, tdbi-cliiru.

to at, nijtobi-kakaru ; ni.ltohi-


to away, tonde ilcu ; tohi’


to back again, tobl-kaevu.

to in, tobi-komu.

to open, hane-hiraku.

to up, tohi-agaru.

to let , hanasu.

Fly-blow, n. haigo.
Fly-l)l0Wil, a. hair/0 no tsuita.

to become , nijhaigo ga


Fly-catcher, n. d-ruri. _

long”- tailed , sankbcno.

narcissus , kibitaki.

robin , ko-tsuhame ; mugi-


Siberian , chigo-mozu.

small grey , shirm-mozu.

[ 333 ]

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 334: ]


Fol(l, n. (in a garment) hida ; (place
of folding) orime ; (pen) ori ; (times)

-sdhai ; as, two , nisdhai (二 層

倍); three , sanzobai.

Fold, t.Y. oru.

ea m four, yotsu-ori no.

to xlae arms, fe u’o Jcumu ;

i(ae-gnmi ico s.

to …… the hands, ie v:o au’ase’


to up, iatamu.

to look on with ed hands,

sMshu-bokwan ほ!!^ 手 薛觀) s ; sode-
hokican s.

Folding’, a. ori- .

bag”, ori-kahan.

“book, ori-hon.

ebair, on-isn.

doors, ori-do.

Foliage, n. H no ha.

scarlet , kdyd (糸]: 葉) •

young’ , icakaha.

Folk, n. (one’s family) lanai no
mono ; (another’s) mina san.
poor s, himmin (貧民).

Folk-lore, n. mulmshi-hanashl.

Fly-fisliing*, n.

! Fly- flap, n. h:d-tataH.

riy-liook, n. kaharl.

Flyiug’, a column, yfi(/.eJdtai.

squadron, yuqeki-kantai (遊

擊 IS 隊 ).. ‘

! Plyiiig–fisli, n. toVi no io.

i’ly-leaf, n. shirakximi ;

Fly-trap, n. haitori ; [Japanese also
suspend a globe, called a haiyoke,
from the ceiling to attract flies].

Fly-wlieel, n. hadzianl-(/urwna.

Foal, n. koma.

roam, n. aica.

Foam, i.v. ni]aica r/a fatsn.

to at the mouth, awa v:o

fuku ; (in anger) awa ico tohasu ;
– (fig., of a vehement speaker) ko-
kaJcu (口角) awa ひ tobdsii.

Focus, n. (lit. and fig.) shdten (燒點 )
[lit. burning-point].

to be out of , (to right or left

of a camera) chushin (中, じ、) ni
hadzure’ru ; (too far off) td-sugi-ru.

Fodder, n. kaiba ; magusa.

Foe, n. tekl.

! Foetus, n. taijl (胎兒 ) ; hm’a-gomovl
no ko.


moya ;

Fog”, n. (thin) km ;
gassu [N. Japan].

the clears, kirl ga hare-ru.

the comes on, kiri f/a


the is ttLick, kiri ga faked.

Jb,Og”g’y, a. to be , kirl ga fafsu ;

moya ga orl-ru.

Fogy, n. injunka (き循 家),
old , kyiihei-oyaji.

JPoil, t.v. to (another’s) plans,

nollcuwadate xco koioasu.

Foil, n. (used in Japanese fencing)
shinai ; (leaf) halcu.

gold , Jcimpaku (金 fg).

tin , suzuhaku.

Foist, t.v. to off upon, ni


丄ヾ Ollow, t.v. ni/fihUagau ; no/ato ni
tsuku ; ni/f suite kuru, or iku ; (pur-
sue) oJcJcake-ru ; (succeed in office)
no/ato ICO tsugu ; (a profession)
itonamu ; niljuji (從 事) s ; (as, the
course of a river) ni/sotte iku ; (pro-
ceed along) -dzutae ni iku ; as, to

the top of a dike, dote-dzutae

ni iku.

to clcsely (shadow), nojato

mo tsuke-rxi.

to up (a clue), niltsidte sd-

saku (捜索) s.

to with tlie eyes, icohni-


Follow, i.v. “to Icara kuru.

as s, sa tjO [Civ. Co.] ;
a pious , hoben (方便).

Fravidvil en t, a. sag I no ; lisuwar’^

no ; fusel (不 jfe) no.

F r a vidule nt ly, adv. fusel nl

to obtain , sashu (詐取) .s’ ;

henshu {^^) s.

Fray, i.v. (wear) sure-ru ; (become
fluffy) hbkedaisu ; (of an edge) hot su-

JPray, t.v. hogosu.

Freak, n. (prank) itadzura ; (caprice)

of nature, zdhutsushu (造 物

主) no itadzura.

Freckle, n. sdba-kasu ; shlmi.
Freckled, a. sohakasu-darake no.
Free, adv. (without charge of duty,
postage, etc.) muzei (無^) de ; (of
freight, etc.) muchia (無 焚) de ; mu-
ryb (無料) de ; (without fee) mu-tesfi-
7 ふ 5 ( 無 手数料) de; (gratis) tada de ;
iimdai de ; mudaika (J0 (今後) れ'< igo (以後) wa ;

jFliture, a. Tiumi no ; shorai

at some …… date, tajifsu (他
H )• .

life, am yo ; nochi no yo ;

raise (來 お ; mirai.
prospects (of an under-
taking), zento (前途).

Fuze, n. michi-U ; kuchi-U ; ddJcwa-
kwan (導 管) ; sUnkwan.

percussion , chaJcuhatsu-

shinkwan (着發 f 言 fO.

time …… , teijl-shinkwan (定時 信


Fylfot, n. manjl 字).

Oabble, i.v. shaheru ; kuchi wo ta-
taku ; muda-guchi wo iu ; cho-cho (蝶
々 ) s ; pecha-pecha shaheru ; (of birds)
gyd-gyd naku.

Oabble, n. kuchi-mame ; cho-cho (蝶
々 ) ; (of birds) gyd-gyd.

Oabbler, n. o shaber’i ; tarjon (^W)
na Into. ‘

Grab ion, n. dohyd (土 (丧) ; horan m
籃 )•

Grable, n. hafu (被 風).

Grad; i.v. to about, hoisukl-aru-

Jcu ; haikwai (徘 flU) s,

Oaci-about, n. soto-suzume ; hanaho-

‘Gag’, t.Y. ni/saru-gutsmca wo hame-ru.
Oag”, 11. saru-gutsuica.
Gadfly, n. (ibu.

€rag’g-lej n. (of wild geese) mure.

^adwall, n. (anas strepera) oka-
yoshi. .

Oaily, adv. (joyfuUy) kimi (氣 味)
yoku ; tanoshiku ; : (of appearance)
hanayaka ni ; keikl (景氣 ) yoku.

Gain, n. moke ; riekl (禾 ij 益); shofoku
(所得) ; shdri (勝利) ; eki (益) ; toku-
も un (得分).

ill-gotten s, aJcusen (悪 ま 蹇).

private , shiri (私禾 IJ).

public , kori (公利).

to scheme after , rl ico lictka-

. ru.

Grain, t.v. mdke-ru ; e’ru ; (arrive at)
nilidchaku (到着) s ; ni/itaru ; (attain
to) nijtassuru.

I don’t think I shall much.

l>y it, umaku iko to wa omoicdnal.

in order to time, ma-ai wo

ei’v. tame,

I had so far ed my

master’s confidence by my

good Denaviour that , icata-

kushi no gydgi (行^) no ii no ga

/lodo shujin (ま 入) no shinyd

( 信/ ) wo emashita.

to a battle, senso (戰爭 ) nt

katsu ; shbri (勝: flj) wo e’ru.

to a person’s heart, hito ? i ひ

kokoro wo e-im.

to …… ground, sakan ni nam ;

hobu (歩武) wo susumu.

to on, (of the sea, on tlie

land) sansholcu (震 食) s ; (in a con-
test) nijoi-tsuku.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 352 ]


to one’s end, nozomi wo ioge-


to over, katarau ; da/d-

komu ; hiki-ire-ru ; (inveigle) ro-
raku (籠絡) s.

to tlie day, uchi-icatsu.

to time (of a watch), susumu.

Gainsay, t.v. ii-kesu ; kobamu ; nij
sakarau ; hempaku 自駭) s ; u-fu-

Oait, n. aruki-kata ; aruki-hurl ; ashi-
tsuki ; ashi-dori.

Oaiter, n. kyahan (脚 胖).

straw s, icara-hahakl.

Oala-day, n. saijltsu (祭日); shuku-
j は su (祝 H).

Oala-clress, n. hare-gi ; (official)
taireifuku (大鱧 服).

Oalatians, n. (epistle) Garatea-sho.

Oalaxy, n. (astron.) ama-no-gawa ;
ginga [mW-

Gale, n. repr. by myrica rubra,


Oale, n. hofft (暴風) ; kyoffc (強風) ;

taifu (大風); okaze.
Oaleiia, n. ryukwaen (硫化 驢).
Gall, n. i (g); ianju (膽 汁); (fig.)
urami ; enkon (怨 ts)*

bear’s , yutan (熊 膽) ; kuma

no i.

saddle , kura-zure.

Oall, t.v. suri-muku ; (fig.) kurusliime-
ru ; komarase-ru ; nayamasu.

to toe ed, sure-ru ; surl-muice-


Gallant, a, isamashii ; yuki (勇 氣) no
am ; gbki (剛氣 ) na ; kenage na ;
fjoyu (剛勇) na ; (gay) hanayaka na ;
Jcicarei (華 歲) na ; sharaku (洒落) na ;
(<X)urtly) ingin (慇 敷) na.

Gallant, n. (fashionable man) yasa-
otoko ; share-imno ; (man of mettle)
oioJcogi no aru hito.

Oallantly, adv. (bravely) isama –
shiku ; isagiyoku ; goH (ilj 氣) ni ;
kenage ni ; (in a courtly manner)
ingin (懇 勤) ni.

Gallantry, n. (brayery) yuki (勇 氣);
gdki (剛氣 ); び 52/ な (剛勇); (chivalry)
gikyo (義 ft、) ; (intrigue) tsuyagoto ;
empuku (Rs).

Gall-bladder, n. tannd (瞻囊 ) ;

Gallery? n. (corridor) rdka (廊下) ;
watadono ; (in a theatre, etc.) tsw ゆ ひ-
sajiki ; tachimi-sajiki ; (of a mine)
suido (隧道).

picture , Imaigwa-tenran-

shitsu (繪 讒展, 室) ; kyiaigwa-chin-
retsukwan (癒 蘭隊歹 ijfh 入
Oallop, t.Y. tohasu ; shiklcu (疾驅 ) s.

to back, hase-kaesu.

Oallop, i.v. kake wo ou; kaJce ico
noru ; shisso (疾走) s.

to Tback, hase-kaeru.

Gallows, n. kuUridai ; kbshudai (絞
首 鏖).

Gall-nut, n. fasld ; gohaishi (五倍

子) ; mosshokushi け! 食 子).
Crall-stone, n. tanseH (膽 石).
Galvanic, a. njadenki (流 電氣) n、o.

battery, shitsudenso (濕電

槽) ; shitsudmchi (濕 電池).

electricity, ryudenlcl (流键

氣) ; ryilM-dmki (流動 電 m).

pile, aentai [W^)-

Oalvanism, n. ryadenki (‘流 ‘ま 救) ;

ryadd-denki (流動’ 聽氣 ).
Oalvanize, t.v. nil ryadenki wo kake-

Oalvanized, a. totan-UH no.

iron, hiaen-tetsu (,亞 鐵)’

ware, denki-mekki-zailcu.

Gralvaiiometer, n. denrynkel (電流

Gambier, n. Unrdkd (檳 娜膏 ).
Gamble, i.y. haJcuchi (博打) wo uisu ;
haJcueki (博! s ; tdbaJcu (賭博) s.

to with dice, chbhan (丁半)

wo s.

Grainbler, n. hakuchl-uchi ; halcuto
(博徒) ; toijalcusha (賭博 卷).

Oambling*, n. hakucJd ; hakueki (博
; tobaku (賭博) ; (odd or even)
cJiohan (丁半) ; choboAchi [slang] ;
(with dice) saigoio.

Hosted by Goo ヌ k


[ 353 ]

Oambling-lioiise, n. hakucM-
yado ; doha.

Oamboge, n. shi-d (紫 黄) ; i5-d (唐

Grambol, i.v. tohi-hane-ru ; hane-ma-

Oame, n. asolA ; yugi (遊戯) ; (a
game invQlving victory or defeat)
shobugoto ; (sporting term) einono ;
:V ひ (野 獸) [does not include birds].

a of cards, karnta-asoln.

a …… of chess, shogi (將棋 ) ichi-

han (一番) [も an is the auxiliary


how goes the ? kacM-m-ike

wa ao da. –

to make of, ico/nahuru ; too/

gurd し 愚、 弄) s ; wo I nalmri-m ひ no ni
s ; icolchoro (nil 弄) ‘s.

Graine-bird, n. ryochd (! き) ♦

ixame-COCk, n. keai-dori [the Japa-
nese use the Cochin-China cock or

ixame-keeper, n. rydju no hann’m
Hi 獸ノ 番人).

Oame-laws, n. jfirydhd (銃獵 法);
shuryoho (狩 徵 法).

Grammaclion, n. mam’ I (ifi 字).

Gamut, n, onkaku (音 格) ; onkal (音

fjrancler, n. gachd no osu.

Oang-, n. kumi ; totd (徒 ; nakama.
of rascals, akuto (惡驁 )•

Grang’-board, n. kake-hashi ; hash’ い
go-ita ; ayumi-ita.

Gangiion, n. shinkelsetsu (#徑 節) ;

/ce れ s/i57«2/ な (腱鞘 瘤).
Gangrene, n.funiku (腐肉); dasso

(S^afl.) ; Jcwaiso (;^ Jil).
Oang’-way, n. deiri-gucU.

ladder, samhashi-go ; qemmon


Oannet, n. booby , katsuodori ;


Oanoiclei, n. kdrinnd (硬麟 類).

Oaol, n. kangoku (監獄); roya ; goku-

governor of a , tengoku (菔

獄). ハ

to put in ,?’ 5 ( 牢) ni ire’vu.

to send to …… , wo/jurd (入牢)
sase-ru ; ico/nyilgoku (入獄) sase-


Oaoler, n. kamhu (監守) ; v&lxm (牢
番) ; リ oJcuri (獄吏).

ixap, n. suJcima ; kangeki (間隙) ;
saJceme. ‘

tJrape, i.v. (of a joint or seam) suku •,
(of a seam, in clothing) hokorobi-ru ;
(open the montli) kuchi wo ake-ru ;
(stupidly) anorashii kao ico s ; (with
astonishment) kuchi ico aite mitore-
ru ; (yawn) aJcuM s.
to at, pokan to shite mi-ru.

Garl), n.
too ukedzu ni ; mudai (お no ; ham-
paku (半 も) no.

Groan, i.v. i 譲 ru ; umeku.

Groan, n. unarl ; nmekt-gof’.

to fall with a …… , ini to Hie

Orocer, n. zakkwashd (雜貨 商);

shokurydhln-ya (食料品 屋).
Grocery, n. zakk’u’a-mis’e ; shoku-

OrOg-blOSSOiil , n. zakuro-hana.
Groggy, a. to be …… on one’s
leg’s, chidori-ashi ni aruku ; hyoro-
hyoro s ; yoi-yoi no yd ni aruku.
Grog-shop, n. meishvya ; izaka-ya

[the latter often used in the sense of

an eating-house for coolies].

Groin, n. momone (MM) ; 狐 崖 “ひ
tmke-iie ; (wooden) nami-yoke.

[ 375 ]

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


.[ 376 ]


Groom, n. Jjettd ; hatei (馬丁); (offi-
cer of a prince’s household) betto (glj

bride , hana-mv.ko.

Oroom, t.v. ni/te-ire wo s.

Groove, n. mizo ; (in a sword-blade)
hi ; chi-mgashi.

to follow a (fig.), sempen-

ichiritsu (千篇一律)? ihiar” ; ittetsu
(一 織)?” ザ”.

Groove, t.v. ni/mizo wo horn.

^rope, i.v. (feel one’s way) tadoru ;
(in search of a thing) te-saguri s ;
mejcum -saga shi s.

to about (in search of a

thing ) , sagw i-m aicaru .

a. (coarse) arai ; arappoi ;
sodai (粗;^) na ; (indelicate) hizoku
(卑 fg) na ; yahi (lllf 卑) na ; iyashii ;
(palpable) hidoi ; (sensual) fugydseki
(不 チ亍 跡) na ; (serious) jiidui (重大)

a mistake, d-machigal.

amount, sdkei (總 |f ).

expenditure, sd-shishutsu

(總. 支出).

iniquity, daizai (大罪).

receipts, sd-shiinyil (總, 收

入) ; sd-ekikhi (總、 益金).

weight, kaigake ; fidai (風

袋) ; uwame (上目); soryb (總、 量).

む ross, n. jiini dazu.

m the , kudd de ; hito kuchi

ni ; matomete ; sdkicatsu (總、 括)
shiie ; hikkurumete.

Oro>SSly, adv. (greatly) hanahada ;

Orossness, n. (obscenity) waisetsu
; midari-gamashn koto ; (vul-
garity) hizoku (卑 i^) ; yahi (ifJjl).

Grotesque, a. (absurd) hakcujeta ;
okashii ; (fantastic) kikwai (奇怪)
篇 : kii (奇異) na ; (of shape) igyd
(異形)? la.

Grrotesqiiely, adv. (absurdly) haka-
、 gete ; okashiku ; (fantastically) hen
ni ; kikicai ?? i ; (of shape) igyd ni.

Grotesqueness, n. (of shape) igyd;
other equiv. of Grotesque foil, by

Grotto, n. hora-ana.

Oroiiild, n. (eartli) ji (地) ; chi ;
(foundation) moto ; kompon (根本) ;
gen-in (原 @) ; kongen (根元) ; (in
painting, of a pattern, etc.) ji ひ 也);
(reason) shui (主意); rlyii (理 fi);
enko (緣 故); hmre ; wake ; (surface
of the eoith) jibita jimen (地面).

a “belief gains , uwasa ffa

masu-masu shinjirarete kuru.

a piece of , ikku (一 區) no

jimen (地面); ikku no jisho /dsu; cjwaibd (‘外貌),
in the of, ni yatsushite.

Oulf, n. (of the sea) irie ; iri-umi ;
wan (灣 ).
Persian , Perusha-wan.

Gull, n. kamorae ; (simpleton) gubutsu

black-beaded , yuri-kamome.

black-tailed , umineko.

glaucous , shiro-kamome.

great black-backed , dse-


lesser glaucous (lams
glaiicescens), icashi-kamome.

Oil 11, t.v. damasu ; azamuku.
Gullet, n. shokudd (食道).
Gullible, a. damasare-y asuL
Gnlly, n. keikoku (溪 谷) ; tani.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 3yo ]

Oulp, t.v. to down, gutto nomU


Oum, n. * ; (from a tree) yanl ; jushl
(#fl 旨) ; (of the mouth) hagufci ;
(paste) nori.

tjrlim, t.v. ni/gomu wo nuru ; gomu de

Oiiin- Arabic, n. Arahla-gomu.

Oum-boil, n. hagiiJci no hare-mono.

Grill, n. teppo ; hdjii ; [Jid (砲) in
compounds means artillery, jil (銃)
rifles or shoulder-guns].

a 12 -bore , juniban (十二- 番)

no tevvb.

big …… , talhb (大砲).

breech-loading” , kosohb (後

装 砲) ; (shoulder) kosoyu (後 装 銃).

double-barrelled , nirem-

patsu (二 連發) no teppo ; nirenni
(二連銃); sds ん i ゆ 7( 雖身 銃).

field , yasenho (野 戰 砲).

platform, hdza (砲 座).

• machine , kilcwanhb (機關 砲).

mountain , sampo (山 砲 j.

muzzle-loading” , zensono

(前装 石 S) ; (shoulder) zensdm (前装

quick-firing” , sokushaho (ミ束


single-barrelled , lanshinju

(単 臭 銃); ichirempatsu (― ^^f^) no
teppo. ^

smooth-tore , kakkdno {^}^

; fi 包) ; (shoulder) kakkoju.

sporting” , rydjft MM).

the midday , don ; goJio (午

砲). ‘

to depress a , hoko (砲口) れ’ o

teika (抵 下) s,

Griiii-barrel, n. tsutsu ; jnshin (銃

M) ; hoshin (砲 病).
OuBL-boat, n. hokan (石 g 艦).

first-class , ittd-hdJcan (一等


second-class , nito-hokan (二

等献 ).

Oun – c a rr iage, n. hdza (石 包 座) ; h5-

sha (砲車).
Oim- cotton, c. men-kicaijaku {^,tk


Guu-(leek, n. sdhd-kampan (装 砲

Gun-iire, n. gdhd (號 砲).

Oun-metal, n. hddd (砲 銅).

Ouniier, n. hdshu (砲手).

Gunnery, n. hdjutsu ゆ 術). _

inspector, hdjutsu-kydkican

(砲術 教官).

training”- vessel, hojutsii-

renshukan (砲術 練習 艦).

Gunny-bag’, n. * ; gani-hukuro.

Gun-port, n. hdmon (砲門).

Gnn-i>owcler, n. kimyaku ) ^6 nomu. .

to to get down, orosu ;

oroshite yavu.

to to get up, okosu ; ok o si die


Help, i.v. ieisudau ; tetsudai wo s ; te
wo kasu ; sewa ico s.

Help, n. tetsudai ; tasuke ; seica ;
sMsen ; kyfijo ; kyilsai.

a second (of the same dish),

kaicari ; o kai し art ; mo ippen.

by your , o kage de.

there is no for it, shlkata

get nai ; shiyb 《ja nai.

Helper, n. tetsudai-nin ; sewcmin ;

wa ; jigo (爾後) 漏 ; irai ほ 來) ica ;
igo (以後) wa ; slhbral (H^ 來) wa.

Hencoop, n. toy a ; niicatorl-h-ago ;
(placed over the fowls) fuse-kago.

Hendecagon, n. ffdchlkaku (十一

Heii-liarrier, n. hailro-chochl.
Hen-lioiise, n. niwatori-goya.
Heupeck, t.v. shirt ni hiku.

ed, nihombo (二本棒) m ‘

Hepatitis, n. kanzoen (肝臓 炎).
Heptagon, n. shichikaku (七 角).
Her, pron. (poss.) ano onna no ; (clat.)

ano onna ni ; (acc.) ano onna ico ; v.

also He;

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 396 ]


Herald, n. senshi (戰 使) ; [as the
name of a newspaper, nochi-shwibun
(報知 新聞) corresponds to …… ]•

Heraldry, n. monshdgaku (紋窣 學).

book of (of feudal Japan),

hukan (^^^).

Herl), n. kusa.

medicinal s, yakuso (藥 草) ;

yaJcuyd-shokiibuts w (^用 植 #| 了.

Herbal, n. honzdsho (本草 書).
Herbalist, n. homdka (本草 家).
Herbarium, n. osU-lana.
Herbivorous animals, saishoku-
dobutsu (菜食 動 斗 勿) ; soshohu-dohutsu
Herculean, a strength,

kwairyoku (i 圣 力); suDarcishu

Herd, n. mure.

Herd, i.v. yori-iakaru [gerund : yotte-

takatte] ; gunju (群集) s.
Here, adv. (this place) koko ; (less
definite) kotchi. ; kochira ; (to this
place) koko e ; (at this place) koko
ni, or de ; Jcono tokoro ni.

and there, achi-kochi ;

(sporadically) tokoro-dokoro ; po-
tsu-potsu ; chira-hora.

Hereabouts, adv. kono atari ni ;
kokora-atari ni ; kono hen ni.

Hereafter, adv. kono saki ; kono
nochi ; kongo ; (at some future time)
tajitsu (他 ま); V. also Henceforth.

Hereafter, n. nochi no yo.

Herel)y, adv. kore de ; koko de ; kove
ni yotte ; (in a document) Jcoko (兹)

Hereditary, a. mochl-tsutae no ;
daidai (代々) yori no ; seshu no ;
denrai (き 來) no ; soden-teki (相簿 的)
(no) ; iden no ; oya-yudzuri no.

disease, idembyd (遣 © 病).

pension (under feudal sys-
tem), seiroku (世 祿).

property, sesJm-zaisan (世襲

財 產).

Heredity, n. Menho (遣 法) ; (of
qualities) seishitsu-iden (性質 遣 IH) ;
(Dhvsical) keishiisu-iden (? f^^Ka^)-

Hereinafter, adv. sa (左) ? li ; ka-

hun (下 文) ni.

Hereinbefore, adv. migi ni.

mentioned, zenki (前記) no.

•esy, n.

I ; itan (異


tical opiuion) i

gedd (タ卜 it)
eisu (異說 ).


Heretic, n. itanjin (異端 人) ; ikgd-

Heretical, a. jashfdeki (邪ず ミ 6 勺) 7io ;
itan no.

sect, jashfi.

Heretofore, adY. jural (從來 ).

Herewith, adv. koko ni.

Hermaphrodite, n. futanari ;

nannyo-rydsel (男 ^ 兩 1 生); inyd-ryd-

sei (陰陽 兩 性).
Hermeiieiitics, n. chakaigaku (法


Hermetically, adv. kfiki (空 氣) no
hairanu yd ni.

sealed tin, hokikwan (防氣


to seal , mippU (密封) s.

Hermit, n. yosute-hito ; inja (隱 者) ;

intern さ a (隱遁 者).
Hermit-crab, n. yadorl-gani.
Hernia, n. (abdominal) datcho (3^

腸). _
Hero, n. goketsu (豪傑); j’mketsu (人

f^) ; (in a novel, play, etc.) shujinko

(主人公). ^
worship, eiyfi-suhai (英雄 崇


Heroic, a. (braye) isamashu ;
(worthy of a hero) appare no ; isagi-
yoi ; (of a woman) tate-hiJci no tsuyoi.

Heroically, adv. isamashiku ; isagi-

Heroine, n. reppu (烈婦) ; j’oj5/”
(女丈夫) ; (in n- novel, etc.) shuji 露 o
(主人公) ; joshujinko (女主 入 公).
Heroism, n. yiiki 氣).
Heron, n. ao-sagi ; (arcleola sacra)
kuro-sagi ; (goisagius melanoloplius)
mizo-goi. • •

night , sefjuro-sagi ; r/oi-

sar/i ; seguro-goi.

Hosted by



[ 397 ]


Herpes, n. suihdshin (yjclgif^).

Herring’, n. nisUn (鲱 ).

Hers, pron. expr. by no, or no mono,
following the pronoun.

Herself, pron. jilmn (自分); also
expr. by honnin (本 >^), or tonin
(當 人) [lit. the person in question) ;
(as an adverb) Ji^wn de.
by , hitori de ; jllnin hiforl de.

Hesitate, i.v. tamemu ; ni no ashi
? CO fumu ; chiicho (駙 I^) s ; shiri-
ashi wo fumu ; yiiyo (猶豫 ) s ; (in
speaking) Imchi-gomoru.

I to ask it, but , osore-

irimasu ga ,

will not to do, sum ni chu-

cho shinai.

Hesitation, n. cMcko ; (vacillation)
shunjun 巡)’
I have no in saying” that

-—5 to dangen (斷 言) suru

ni hahalcarimasen [somewhat for-

without , tadachi ni ; (posi-
tively) danzen (斷然 ) ; kotoba wo
nigosadzu ; (readily) tayasulcu ;

Heterodox, a opinion, Isetsu

Heterodoxy, n. (of religion) ikm

Heterog-eiieous, a. rui-chlgal no ;
iro-iro na. ‘

elements, ihunshi (異分子).

Hexagon, n. rokkciku. ■

Hexagonal, a. rokkakukel (六角形)

Hiatus, n. (in a document) datsub’un
(脫 文) ; (of £1 word or two) datsujl (脫

Hibernate, i.v. fmju-gomori wo s ;
(lit. and fig.) chikkyo (ま 居) s.

Hibiscus, n. h. hamalDO, Immahd.
h. manihot, tor or 0.
h. mutabilis, fuyb (芙 寧),
h. rosa-sinensis, hussoge.
h.. syriacus, hachisu,

Hiccougli, n. ffhalcuri [often pron.

Hiccougli, i.v. shakuri s.

Hid, a. to lie , sempuku (潜伏)

s ; sentoku (ミ替 匿) s.

Hidden, a. kakureta.

rock, ansho (暗 纖) ; kakure-


Hide, t.v. kakusu ; impel (隱蔽 ) s.

Ilide, i.v. kakure-ru.

Hide, n. kawa ; jfihl (獸 皮).

raw , ki-gaica ; nama-gaica.

Huie-and-seek, n. kakuremhd.

Hideous, a. (frightful) osoroshii ;

Hideously, adv. osoroshiku ; kowa-

Hie on (to a. dog), ushi-ushl.
Hieroglyphic, n. eda-mojl ; shdkeiji

(象形 字).
lllg’gie, i.v, ner/iru ; kogiru.
llisrli, a. takai ; (fig,, elevated ) kosha
imiipi) na.

at the est (of price), taka-


and low, hisen (貴賤) tomo.

…… Court, kotd-hdin (高等 法 院).

ground, kochi (高地).

interest, kori (高禾 ij).

ofiB.ciai, kbtd-kwanri (高等官


pressure (atmospheric), kd-

kl-atsu (MMM)’ _

price, taka-ne ; kbka (高 價)

kojlki (高直).

…… rank, koi (高位).

seas, kokai (公海) ; mu—

shozokkfd (無 所轉 海) ; on the

seas, ryokaigwai (領? 每夕 卜) ? i ん

tide, michi-shio ; manchb (滿


treason, kokujihan (國 事犯》

wind, tsuyoi Jcaze ; very

wind, hageshii haze.

it is time to go, mb zehi

ikamikereha naranu jibun da,

to be er than, loojkosu.

to get (of meat), hiiaru ; no]

aji ga kaicaru.

Higli-cliurch, a. kokydkicalha (高
教會 派) no.

Hosted b ん 00 ヌ


[ 398 ]


Hi§li-class, a. yiitb (優等) no ; jbUn

(上品) 亂 . , _
society, joryii-shakwai (上流

會 )•

Higii-tlowii, a. kazari-di ; kwahi
{^%) na.

Higli-liaiidecl, a. hoshU-mama na ;
murl (Mil) na ; sen-d (專橫 ) ;
kdshuteld (高 手 的) no.

to act in a manner, hoshii-

mama ni s.

Highly, adv. dki ni.

coloured, gokuzaishiki (極 彩

色) no.

very …… , hijd (非常) ni.

Higli-miiicled, a. kedakai ; kdsho
(高 尙) na.

Higliiiess, n. His , denka (殿

下) [post-positive].

Higli-i)0 we r, a. (microscope, etc.)

kodo (高度) no.
High-priest, n. kdsd (高 ff) ; (0. T.)

saishicho (祭司 長).
Higliroad, n. daido (大道).
High-spirited, a. genki (元 氣) no

yoi ; kekJci-saJcan (血 盛) na.
Higiistreet, n. dddri ; okan.
High-toned, a. kdsho (高 尙) na.
Hii>iiway, n. kaidd (街道) ; kodo

public , kdro (公路).

Higliwayiiiaii, n. scmzoku (山賊);
oi-hagl ; hyoto (剽盗).

Hilarity, n. kicanraka (歡樂 ) ; yu-

】艱” (愉快).
Mill, n. yama ; koyama ; (on a road)


Hillock, n. koyama ; taJcami [a situa-
tion higher than the surrounding
artificial , tsuJciyama.

Hillside, n. yama no nakahodo, ham-
puku (半 腹), or cJmfuku (中腹); sam-
puku (山腹 j ; (as opp. to the plain)

Hilly, a. yama no di ; (of a road) saka

Hilt, n. tsuka.

Hiliiin, n. sei (臍).

Him, pron. are wo ; fdnln ico ; v. also

Himself, pron. jihun ; honnin ; (ad-
verbially) jibu7i (自分) t^e.
by , jibu?i hitori de ; Mtori cte.

Hinder, t.v. (of a person) jama s ;
samatage-ru ; bogai (妨害) s ; koha-
ma ; (of a thing) nolsamatage ni
nam ; no/shoge (障碍) ni naru :
sashi-isukae-ru ; ni/sasaicaru.

Hinder, a. usldro no ; ato no.
Hiiifl-leg”, n. ato-ashi.
Hindmost, a. ichihan ato no,
Hindrance, n. jama ; samatage ;

sashi-tsukae ; hogai ; saicari ; shoge ;

kosho (故障).
Hinge, n. cho-tsugai.

Hinge, i.v. to upon (fig.), ni/

kichaku (歸 着) s ; nojshidai de aru.
Hint, t.v. ho)iomeka.su ; aie-kosuru ;

to censure of, icolffishi (諷

刺) s.

Hint, n. atetsuke ; atekkosuri.

Hip, n. shirt ; daitaihu (大腿部).

Hip-bone, n. kuruma-bone.

Hip-joiiit, n. fco た 仏’ cmse な w (膽關 節);
da Itai-kicansefsu.

Hippocampus, n. Jcaiha 每馬 )•

Hippopotamus, n. kawa-ima.

Hire, n. chin ; chinsen (貢! j|) ; (for
furniture, clothes, etc.) sonryo (提
料) ; (for a book) kenryo (見料).

“boat , funcichin.

coolie , ninsokuchin.

hiring” and letting to ,

chintaishaku (賈 貸借) (Civ.Co.]. .

horse , umachin ; umadai ;

(of a riding-horse) shaJcuharyo (借

rikisJia , kuriimachin ;

kurumadai ; (paid to one who
hires out rikisha) hadai (] ^代).

room for (for meetings, etc.),

kashiseki (:^ 席) [in W. Japan
means an assignation house].

Hosted by Google


[ 399 ]


Hire, t.v. (of persons) yatou ; yaioU
ire’ru ; tanoinii [sometimes by exten-
sion applied also to things] ; (en-
gage permanently) kakae-ni ; oku ;
(a house) karl-ru ; (of things gene-
rally) sonryb de karl-ru ; chingari s ;
chlnshaku {^f^-) s.

a d horse, shukuha (借 馬).

a man d by the day, hi-

yatoi no mono.

a d house, shakuya (借家).

to a house, shakuya s ;

tana-fjari u’o s.
to out, kasu.

Jtiirer, n. (of persons) yafoi-nushi ;
(of things) karite ; (of land, build-
ings, etc.) cMnshakunlii (Kfa A)
[Civ. Co., Com. Co.].

His, pron. eqiiiv. of He foil, by no.

Hiss, n. shil to iu koe.

Hiss, i.Y. shfi-shu iu ; shu to iu.

Historian, n. rekisUka (歷 史家) ;

Historic, a. (famous) in Chinese

compounds mei- ; as, a place,

melsho (名所).

Historical, a. reJdshijd (歷 史上) no ;
rekishi-teJci no.

novel, jitsuroku-mono (實 | 杂


play, jiaai-mono (時代物).

Historically, adv. reJdsMjd ; reM-
shi-teki ni.

History, n. (general) rekisU ; (the
study) shigaku (史學 ) ; (record) Jciroku
記錄) ; (in comp.) -ki ; (of an under-
taking, etc., succession of changes)
enkaku (沿革) ; (personal experi-
ences) mi-no-ue ; keireki (經歷 ).

a general of Japan, Nlhon-

yoshiryaku ( 日 本奧 史略).

natural , hakuhutsugaku (博

物 學).

Hit, t.v. (not to miss) nilataru ; nij
meicJm (命中) s; (strike) hutsu ;
ufsu ; tataku.

to against, ni bufisiike’ru.

to off, niane-ru.

Hir, i.v. ataru.

to against, nilhuttsukaru.

to upon (mentally), ni/omol-

afaru ; nilkangae-ataru.

Hit, n. a great (of a play, etc.),


a lucky , magure-atari.

to make a , ataru.

Hitcli, i.v. hikkakaru.

Hitcll, t.v. hikkaJce-ru.

Hitcll, n. (obstacle) sashi-isukae ;

without a , todokori nakn ;

koshb (故障) naku ; hnji (無事) nl.
Hitlier, adv. kochira e.

and thither, acM-kochi.

xxitlierto, adv. kore made ; ima
made ; jiirai (從來 )•

H. I. J. M. S. “- ~~ ,,, Dai Nihon-
teikolcu-gunka n go.

-tiive, n. bee , hachi no su.

Jtu M. S. ” ,,, Mkoku-(furtkaii

— go (英國 軍艦 一- 號). .

Hoang-lio, n. Ewdka (黄河).
Hoard, t.v. takmme’ru ; tame-ru ;
tsumu ; tame-komu.

Hoard, n. iakmcae.

Hoarfrost, n. shimo.

first (of the season), haisu-


there is a , shimo ga orl-rif,


Hoarse, a. (of the voice) kareia ;

to become , kare-ru ; (of the

person) nd]koe ga kare-ru.

Hoax, n. hamede ; itadzura.

Hoax, t.v. hame’ru ; sukasu ; dama-

to be ed, hamani.

Hobble, i.v. Ukko, or chimha, ico

Hol)ble, t.v. nolryb-ashi wo shibavu.
Hobby, n. o-kahu ; juhachihan (十
八畨) ; doraku (道 樂).

Hobby, D. (hypotriorchis subbuteo)

Hosted by Goo ヌ k


[ dOO ]


Hobby-liorse, n. (toy) haru-goma.

Hobgoblin, n. hakemono ; (long-
nosed) tengu (天狗).

Hock, n. (of a horse)’ hizakJcurl-gara ;
(wine) shiro-hudoshu [applied to
white wines generally].

Hocus-pocus, n. tedzuma-tsukal.

Hodge-podge, n. (lit.) gota-ni ;

Hoe, n. kima ; (long-handled) to-

Hoe, t.Y. Jcuwa de horn.
Hog*, n. huta.

Hog^slieacl, n. approx. equals 1

koJcu 3 to Q sho.
Hoist, t.Y. (a flag, sail, etc.) age-ru. .

to up, hiki-age-ru ; tsuri-


Hoist, n. (height of a flag) tate.

Hold, t.v. moisu ; (possess) shojl (所
まき) s ; (fig.) shoaku (勢 星) s ; (確 二
sidet) to sum ; to oniou ; to shiryo
(思料) s ; (maintain) ijl (維持) s ; (as,
a fortress) mamoru ; icatame-ru ; (a
service) shikko (執行) s ; (contain)
ni]hairii ; as, how much, does that

pot ? 80)10 Isubo ni dove hodo


to an office, yaku (役) ico


to back, tome-ru ; osae-ru.

to down, osae-tsuke-ru.

to in a horse, uma wo tome-

ru, or osae-rw.

to inside the moutli,


to in the arms, daku.

to in the hand, te ni motsu,

to in the teeth, kuwae-ru.

to one’s own, may be expr.

by gokaku (互角) no ikioi de aru ;

to one’s own against, nil


to one’s tongue, damaru.

to out the hand, te ico


to …… tightly, shikkari nigim.

to under the arm, kowaici

ni hasamu, or kai-komu.
to up, mochi-age-ru.

Hold, i.v. (not to give way) motsu.
this rule still s good チ

kono Jcisoku wa iimda kawaranai.

to back, hikae’ru.

to on (continue), isudzuku.

to on to, nil sag aru ; nif


to out, tamoisu ; mochi-kotae-


to out obstinately, groj ひ (5 罢

t^) wo ham.

to to an opinion, ikm (意

見) ICO koshu (固守) s.

Hold, n, (of a vessel) ni-gori ; sensa
(船艙) ; (grasp) tsukami ; (support
for the hand) ie-gakari ; (thing to
catch hold of) tsukamae-dokoro ;

foot , ashiba ; ashi-gakari.

in the (of a ship), sonai (槍


to catch of, tsukcimu ; tsuka-

mae-ru ; hiki-iorae’VU [of persons

to lose one’s , te-gakarl ひ

ushinm え.

Holder, n, (one who possesses)
mochi-nushi ; (of a bill, etc.) shojinin
(所持 人) [Com. Co., Civ. Pro.] ; shoji-
sha ; (of goods) ni-nushi ; (mouth-
piece) sui-kuchi ; (of a pen) jiJcu (車 由) ;
(receptacle) ire.

Holding*, n. (land) mochl-jisho (持 地

Hole, n. am ; (in a plank left by a
knot falling out) fushi-ana.

there is a in my sock, tabi

ni ana ga aita.

to make a , ana wo ake-ru ;

(in the ground) ana ico horu.
Holiday, n. (festival) matsuri ; sai-
jitsu (桑 日); hatoM ; (day of rest)
yasumi ; kyiijitsu (ffe 曰) •

‘ clothes, haregi,

public (of Japanese calendar),

《a;scfiM (大祭 日).

summer s, shochu-kydka

中 休暇 )•
Holiness, n. shmsei (神聖).
Holland, n. Oranda.
Hollo, inter j. di-oi.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 401 ]

藤 T

JtfoUow, n. kuhomi ; (in a tree) uro ;
hora ; (behind the knee) hikkagami.

Hollow, a. (concave) kuhonda ; Jcuboi ;
(empty) uro ni natta ; (false) j tot (實 i
710 nai.

to become (of the eyes),

hekomu ; kubomu.

Hollow, t.v. to out, no/naka

ICO kuru ; wo/kiri-nuku.

Holly, n. repr. by hiragi ; hiiragi

HoUyliock, n. aoi.

Holocaust, n. hansa’i (燔 祭).

Holographic, n. jlhitsu (自筆) no
[Civ. Co.].

Holy, a. shinsei (神聖) na.

day, seijitsu (聖日).

place, reichi ( 靈地 i.

water, (Rom. Cath.) sensui

(洗 水); seisui (聖 水); (Buddhist,
etc.) miclzu.

the . Ghost, Seirei (聖靈 )•

the Land, Seichi (聖地).

Holy-of- Holies, n. sMseisho (至 聖

Holystone, n. migaki-ishi.
Homage, n. (worship) reihai (禮拜 ) ;

ogami ; (reverence) siihai (祟拜 ,) ;

(subjection) fukujfi ^#) ; bwjoku (侮辱) ; i pro-
ceeding from another’s act) hadzuJca-

Ig’noraimis, n. mugaku-mommo (M
學 文盲) na yatsu ; gumai し # 、昧) na
yatsu ; mushiki (無 翁) na yatsu ; aJci-

Ignorance, n. mugaku (無 學) ;
mommo (文盲) ; mushiki (無!^) ; gu-
mai (愚昧) ; muchi (無知).

to feign , stiiranu kao wo s ;

shira wo kirn.

Ignorant, a. mugaku na ; mommo
na ; mushiki na ; gumai na ; muchi

of, nijkurai ; nijutoi ; wo I

shir arm ; nilfu-annai (:^ 案內) no.

Igruorantly, adv. shiradzu ni ;
walcaradzu nl ; (unintentionally) ki
fja tsuJccidzu ni.

Hosted by



[ 413 ]


Ig^nore, t.v. (a person) wa/shiranu
Icao wo s ; (a request) tori-mochUnai ;
saiyd (採 丹!) sh’mai ; (disregard) mu-
(無視) s ; dogwai-shl (度 夕 Hji 見) s.

Ilex integTa, mocJii no hi.

Iliac, a. kacho (下 腸) no ; chokotsu
(腸 骨) no,

III, a. is , fakiral (不’ 1^), hydkl

(病 氣), or fu-kagen (不加 漁), da;

wajamb’ai (感 梅) get v:arui ; icaka-

gen (加 诚) ga warui.

to “be of, wo/wadzuraii.

to fall with, ni/kakaru.

to take it , no]ki 7ii sawaru.

Ill, n. (misfortune) fukd (不幸) ; icam-
icai ; (trouble) nangi (難儀) ; kuro
(苦勞 )•

夏 U-a(lvisert, a. shlryo (思慮) no
nai ; mu-fumbetm (無分別) no.

Ill-affected, a. galshln (害 ‘亡、) no

Ill-balanced, a, fukenkd (不 灌衡)

Ill-blood, n. iirami ; enkon (怨 ‘恨).

Hl-Tbred, a. (badly brought up)
sodaie-Jcata, or sodachi, no icarui ;
(rude) husahb (無 作 na ; Imrei (無
鱧) na.

夏 ll^lbi’eedilig’, n. sodate-kata no
warui koto ; (rudeness) husahb ; hu-

Ill-conditioned, a. furachi na ;
fu-todoki na ; keshikaranu.

Ill-con ducted, a. mijd no icaruL
Ill-considered, a. (of -views) asa-
hak% na ; senryo (淺 慮) na.

Ill-flisposecl, a. gaishin (害 ib) no
aru ; hanshin (反 .il、) no aru ; teld-i
(敵意) no aru ; kidate no icarui.

Illegal, a. fuhb (不 i£) na ; fusel (不
正) na ; no (法) ni tafjatta ; muho (無
S) no ; ihd (違法) na.

Illegality, n. muno ; fuhd ; fusel ;

Illegally, adv. fuhd ni ; fusel ni ; no
ni tagatte ; muho ni ; iJid ni.

Illegibility, n. yomi-nikui koto ;
yomenai koto.

Illegible, a. yomi-nlkui ; also expr,
by the neg. of yome-ru.

this is perfectly , kore wa

chitto mo yomenai.

Illegibly, adv. yomi-nikuku ; yome-
nai hodo waruku.

Illegitimacy, n. shoshutsu (J*;JJi) ;
shisei (私 生).

illegitimate, a. shoshutsu no ;
waki-hara no ; shisei (私 生) no ; hon-
suji de nai ; (not w arranted ) fxi sei (不
正) no ; fuhd (不法) no ; fujdri (不條
J|) no ; seito (正 當) de nai.

child, shiseiji ほ;^ 生兒) [Civ.

Co.] ; (i.e. by a concubine) mekalce-
hara no ko ; shdjulcu (^Q^) no ko ;
(recognized but not legitimized by
parents) shoshi (庶子) [Civ. Co.].

Illegitimately, adv. (not warrant-
ed) fusei ni ; fuhd ni ; fujdri ni ; (of
birth) shoshutsu de.

Ill-fame, n. house of , joroya

(女 頁!^ 屋) [brothel] ; aimal-ya.

woman of , shiigyd-fu (HH

婦 )•

Ill-feeling, n. akukanjd (惡 ‘惑 1 靑).
Ill-gotten, n gains never

thrive, akusen (惡錢 ) mi ni tsuka-


Illiberal, a. (narrow) kokoro no-
semai ; s/ioryo (づ、 量) na ; shofci (/J>
器) na ; kechi na.

Illiberality, n. kokoro no semai
koto ; shoryb ; shdJci ; kechi.

Illiberally, adv. kokoro-semaku ;

shoryb ni ; shoki ni ; kechi-kechi.
Illicit, a. (prohibited) hatto (律 度)
m ; kinsei (禁制 J) sareta ; Jcinshi j [禁
止) sareta ; muho (無法) na.

distilling (of spirits), sake

no mitsuzb (密造).

intercourse (between man

and woman), miitsu (密通) ; sliitsu
(私通) ; Icantsu (姦通).

prostitution, miisu-baim

(密賣 淫).

Illimitable, a. kagiri no nai ; sai^
gen (^限) no nai ; bydbd (iBJ) 茫) taru,

inimitably, adv. kagiri ndku ; sai-
gen nalcu ; hyobb 茫) to.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 414 3


Illiteracy, n. mugaku (to 學) ; mom-
md (文盲); mushiki {^M) ; muhUsu

Illiterate, a. muhUsu (無筆.) no ;
mugaku no ; mommo no ; mushiki na.

person, aki-mekura.

utterly person, me ni iiteiji

(—丁字) mo nai hito.

Illiterately, adv. mugaku no yd ni ;
mommo no yd ni ; muiiitsu no yd ni.

Ill-judged, a. kangae no mazul ;
mu-fumbetsu (お!! 分別) oia ; seisu (拙)
na ; setsnretsu {^^) na.

Ill-mannered, a. husldtsuke na ;
husaho (無作法) na ; hurd {^^M.) na ;
auogi no icarui.

Ill-iiatiire, n. akushd (惡 性) ; iji-
wavu ; konjo (根. 性) no wand koto.

Ill-iiatured, a. akushd na ; sho-
waru na ; konjo no wand ; iji し g— 、地)
oio icarui.

Ill-natureclly, adv. akushd ni ;
shd-waruJcu ; konjo-waruku ; iji-waru-

Illness, n. hydJci (病 氣) ; yamai ;
wadzurai ; shippei {^^).

serious , iaibyo (大病); tai-

kican (大患) ; jiil)yd (重病).

to feign , kehijd (虛 病) れ’ o

tsuJcau. ,
Illogical, a. ri (理) ni kanaicmmi ;
dori (道^|) ni somuita ; fujori (不條
理) no ; svji no tatanai ; ronri [tm^k)
ni awanai ; ronri ni moioru.

lUog’ically, adv. H (理) ni kmnawa-
dzu ni ; dori ni somuiie ; fujori ni ;
ronri ni mototie ; ronri ni haclzurete,

Ill-omeiiefl, a. engi (緣 ±) ? lO

warui ; fukitsu (不吉) na.
Ill-starred, a. faun (不運) na ;

hakumei 命) na ; un no warui ;

hoshi-maicari no icarui.

Ill-tempered, a. Id-date no warui ;
ki-mud 滅 ashii ; okorippol ; kigen (機
嫌) no warui.
Ill-timed, a. ori no icarui ; tsugo
(都合) れ icarui ; toki no warui.
his visit was . .. .. .. choshi %^).

throne, gyokuza (玉 J> 坐).

visit, miyuk’i ; rink ら (臨幸);

rlngyo (Ksjip). ‘-
Prince ,….., Kwotaishl ( ^ -^rf ).

to incur the …… anger, gekirin

nifure-ru. . –

Imperialism, n. teikoku-shugi (帝
國 主義).

Imperil, t.v. ayauku s.

Imperious, a. ihari-kusatta ; of una ;
kempei-dzuJcu na ; goman {^^) na ;
dhel (横柄) na ; (urgent) Jcinkyu (繁

急) 亂 ‘
to be .,…., ihari-kusaru.

Tinperiously, adv. ibm’l-kumtU ;
oju ni ; goman ni ; dhel ni ; gdzen ( 敷
然) to ; kempei-dzuJcu ni ; (urgently)

Imperiousness, n. ibari-lcusatta
koto ; df u ; goman ; kempe レ dzuku;
dhei ; (urgency) Icinlcyil.

I inperisliable, a. dtai (永代) no;
fukyu (不朽) no ; fumetsu (不滅) no ;
eizoku (tkA) れ 。• –

to be , kie-usenai ; shometsu

it’^l^.) sh’mai; eizoku s.
I】ni)erisliablen も ss, n. eital ; fy-
icyu ; eizoku ; kie-usenai koto ; sho-
metsu shinai koto,

Imperisliably, adj. eitai ni ; fukyu
ni ; eizoku shite ; kie-usedzii, ni ; sho-
metsu sedzu ni ‘, fumetsu ni. :

Hosted by


^^^^マ _ぞ 尸 ,


[ 420 ]


Impermeable, a. midzu no tdsami.

Impersonal, a. (not haying personal
existence) jinkaku (人;!;^) no nai ; (not
referring to any particular person)
hiio wo sasanai.

verb, ninshofutei-doshi (人稱

不定 働詞) •

Impersouality, n. jinkaku no nai
koto ; ninsho ( 人性) no 7iai koto ; (of
remarks) hito wo sasanai koto.

Impersonally, adv. hito wo sasadzu

Impersonate, t.v. (on the stage) ml

yaku ICO s ; ni ぼ 職 (^) s.
impertinence, n. hurei (無 j®) ;

hushUsulce ; Zmewrj/o ( 無遠慮); shitsu-

rei (失 鱧) ; (words) yokel (餘 計) na

koto ; kagon (過 百 ).
Iiiipertiiient, a. hurei na ; husld~

tsxike na ; deshahatia ; shitsurel na.

don’t “be , shitsurei na koto wo


Impertinently, adv. hurei m;
hushUsuke ni ; sliUsurei ni ; huenryo

Imper tiirbabil ity, n. heikl (平 氣) ;

jijaku 人 自若”! ; chinchaku (沈着-).
Imperturbable, a. heiJci im ; jijaku
to shita ; chinchaku (沈着) na.

absolutely , iJcico-heiki (平 氣)

na ; biJcu to mo shinai.
Imperturbably, adv. heiki ni ; ji-
jaku /ひ shite ; chinchaku shite ; hiku
to mo shinai de ; ochitsuUe.
Impervious, a to, (imper-

meable) no/tosanai ; (not feeling)
Impetuosity, n, (hastiness) seikyu
(性急 } ; jire ; jire-komi ; (fury) geki-
retsu (劇烈).
Impetuous, a. (hasty) seikyu na
sekkachi na ; (furions) geiaretsu na,

to be , jire-ru ; jire-lcomu

selcu ; iiayaru.
Impetuously, adv. gekiretsu ni
‘seikyit ni ; seite ; jire-konde ; jirete.
Impetus, n. ikioi ; hadzumi ; (mo-
mentum) doryoku (動力); daryoku
(惰力); (stinmlns) (刺戟).

Impiety, n. fusUnko (不信仰) ; fu-
shinjin 信 ‘じ、).

Impinge, i.v. tsvM-ataru ; shototsu
(衝突) s ; uchi-ataru ; huttsukaru.

Impious, a. fushinkd na ; fushinjin
na ; motiainai.

Impiously, adv. fushinko ni ; fushin-
jin ni ; mottainaku.

Implacability, n. sMnem-hukaC

Implacable, a. (of enemies) naka:
naori no dekinai ; (of persons) ikko’
(一向) だ I (氣) no orenai ; shunem-

Implacably, adv. shunem-‘bulcaku .

Implant, t.v. (inculcate) shitsuke-ru ;-

Implement, n. ddgu (道具); Idgw
(黑 具) ; kiJmi (機械). a

farm s, nogu (農具).

household s, kagu (家具).

s of war, Jieiki (兵 H).

Implicate, t.v. (inyolve) renrui (連累)’
ni s ; daki-komu.

to be d, (be connected) nif

kakawaru ; ni/kwankei (, 係) s ;
(in a crime) kakari-ai ni nam ;
maki-zoe ni au ; renrui ni sare’ru ;.

Implication, n. renrui ; kamrl-ai ;
by , an (暗) ni.

Implicit, a. (implied) moku-moku .

most (of position), suyo

要) na.

Importantly, adv. yddai-lmtte.

Importation, n. yunyii.

Imported, a. hakurai no ; in Chinese
compounds yunyii- .

Importer, n. yunyusha (輸入 者);
(merchant) yunyusho (輸入 商).

Importunate, a, shitsukoi ; urusai ;


demand, godan (5 虽談) •

Importunately, adv. shiisukoku ;

urnsaku ; wadzurawashiku.

Iiliportime, t.v. ni/nedaru ; ni/shi-
tsukoku, or urusaku, negau.

Importunity, n. equiv. of Impor-
tunate foil, by koto.

Imposable, a. kwa (課) suheJd ; fii-

/cioix (賦課)’? I ひ (7e た iru.
Impose, t.v. (a duty) il-tsuke-ru ;
moshi-tsuke-ru ; (taxes) kwa (課) s ;
fukwa (賦課) s ; Jcake-ru.

to be d upon, katari ni au ;

kaiarare-ru ; azamiikare-ru ; dama-

to a tax on, ni/kwazei (課税)


to upon, wopcataru ; wo I


Imposing’, a. (impressive) yddal (容
大) 7ia ; ririshii.

Imposingly, adv. yodai 7ii ; riri-

Imposition, n. (act of) kicasuni
koto ; fukwa (賦 ; (fraud) aza-
muJci ; koshirae-goto ; takumi-goto ;
katari ; sar/i (詳 ; (tax) sozei (租
税). ‘

of a tax, laoazel (課税).

Impossibility, n. dekinal koto ;
okonawarenai koto.

Impossible, a. dekinal ; okonaware-

not is expr. by the neg. fut.

foil, by mono de mo nal ; as,

it is not that it might

happen, okorumai mono de mo

it is not that there might

be, arumai mono de mo nai.

Hosted by Goo ヌ k


Iili|>ost, n. zei (税) ; fiikwa-kin (賦課
金) ; (on imported goods) yunyuzei
(i^ 入税 )•

Impostor, n. katari ; sagi-shl (f^Ji^
. gip) ; (trickster) peten-shi.

Imposture, n. katari ; sagi.

Impotence j n. Uyowa ; nyvjahu )b 鶴.

Illdig’ently, adv. lunkyiL shite ;
mazushiku ; oinibo shite.

Indigrestibility, n. equiv. of In-
digestible foil, by koto.

Indigestible, a. /”s/i^ica (不消化)
no ; konare no icarui ; sholcwa れひ

food, fushokwa-hutsu (不消


ludigestioii, ‘ n. shokutai (食 滞) ;
shokusho (貧 傷); teitai (淳 滞);
(chronic) 胃病); な ot/o* (胃弱).

an attack of (from eating

something which disagrees), shoku-

to suffer from , wdjmune ga

ham, or tsukare-ru ; (chronic) wd]
i (胃) j/a warui,
ludignant, a. ikidotta ; okott’a.

to be , ikiddru ; hafsudo s ;

fungeJci s ; ikaru.

Hosted by


[ 437 J

Indignantly, adv. ikidbtte ; fungeki
• shiie ; ikaite ; pun-vim okotie ; pun-
pun shite.

Indigiiation, n. ikidbrl ; fungeki ;

luclignity, n. keibetm (轉 蔑) ; hu-
joku (侮 •) ; mmdori ; rydjoku (凌

to be subjected to , haji-


Indigo, n. (colour) Icon (糸 甘) ; (dye)

dry , hoshi-ai.

extract, *.

Indian , Indo-ai.

leaves (m process of decom-
position), momi-ai.

stick (in shape like stick of

Indian ink), aijd (藍 離).
liquid , midzu-ai.

Indirect, a. kansetsu (間接) na ;
chokusetsu (直接) de nai ; td-mawashi
no ; mawari-dbi ; n-en 遠) no ;
ukwai (迁 回) no ; (aslant) naname na.

object, ka nsetsu-m okutek iji

(間接 目的 詞).

Indirectly, adv. kansetsu ni ;
chokusetsu ae naku ; td-mawashi ni ;
mawari-ddku ; u-en ni ; ukioai-shite ;
(obliquely) naname ni.

Indirectliess, n. kansetsu ; u-en ;
ukwai ; td-mawashi ; chokusetsu de
nai koto ; mawari-ddi koto.

Indiscernible, a. me ni mien な ;
(imperceptible) bembefsu (辨刖 ) no
(iekinai ; mi-wake no tsidcanai.

Indiscernibleiiess, n. equiv. of
Indiscernible foil, by koto.

Illdiscerilibly, adv. me ni mienai
yo ni ; (imperceptibly) hembetsu no
dekinai yd ni ; mi-wake no tsukanai
yd ni.

Indiscreet, a. mu-fumhetsu (to 分 3 り)
na ; shiryo しぼ 慮) no nai ; mi-salcae
no nai.

Indiscreetly, adv. mu-fnmbetsu ni ;
shiryo naku ; nii-srikae niku.

Indiscretion, n. (act) mu-fumhetsu
110 f-hogyd (所行) ; (quality) mu-fum-
heisu ; mushiryo (無-管、 慮); ki’ikotsu
(輕忽 ).

Iiifliscriiniiiate, a. saji-kagen, no
nai ; yo.iara na ; shahetsu (差 311)、 れひ
nai ; ieinbetsu (辨 no nai ; (con-
fused) funran (j^gL) shit a.

felling” (of timber), ramhatsu


Indiscriminately, adv. saji-kagen
naku ; shahetsu naku ; yatara ni ;
mid art ni ; hembetsu naku ; nan no
Icirai mo naku.

liicliscriiniiiatiii g*, a. saji-kagen
shinai ; shabetsu shinal ; kejime ico
tsukenai. ‘

Iiidiscriniinatioii, n. mu-sha-
hetsu ; mv-kuhetsu ; eqniv. o£ Indis-
criminating” foil, by koto.

Iiidispeiisability, n. Utsuyb ;
equiv. of Indispensable foil, by

Indispensable, a. nakereha nara-
nai ; hitsuyo (必要) na ; (unavoid-
able) yorjinai ; yamu ico e)iai ; yon-

Indispensably, adv. Idisuybjo ;
zein naku ; yogi naku ; yamu wo edzu.

Indispose, t.v. expr. by a peri-
phrasis ; as,

zhe intense heat s me to

exercise, hijd (‘非常) ni atsukute
undo [MWi) ‘suTu ki ga nai.

Indisposed, a. to be (out of

health), fukwai (不快) de aru ; wa
(t.mbai (墜姆 ) {/a wand ; icc(]lcagen
(力 B 减) ija icaruL

to be to , tea] Id ga


Indisposition, n. (disinclination)
ifou koto ; kirau koto ; ken-en (嫌 Ip) ;
(of royalty) go fiirei (御 不例) ; (sick-
ness) fukwai ; u’adzumi ; ju-kagen
(不加 减); hiyo (微恙 ); chotto shita

Indisputability, n. equiv. of In-
disputable foil, by koto.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ

Indisputable, a. mochiron no ;
utagai no nal ; ron ico matanai ; roti
ni oyohanai ; ran made mo nai ;
arasou koto no dekinai ; muron [Mm)
7ia ; kimarl-kiita ; shire-kitta ; waka-

Indisputab ly , adv. mochiron ; uta-
gai naku ; muron ; aJciraka ni.

Indissolubility, n. equiv. of In-
dissoluble foil, by koto.

Indissoluble, a. (incapable of
separation) himri {^M) sarenai ;
hiki-hanasu koto no dekinai ; (inso-
luble) tokasu kcto no dekinai ; tolca-
sarenai ; yoked (ミ容 解) sarenai ; (of
friendshij)) hanareru koto no deki-
nai ; hanarerarenai. ‘

ludissolubly, adv. tokasarenai yd
ni ; yokai sarenai yd ni ; hiki-hana-
sarenai yd nl ; ‘bunri sarenai yd ni ;
hanasarenai yd ni.

lllflistinct, a. Jjomjarl shita ; hak-
kirl shinai ; fu-hummei (不分明) na ;
fumei (不明)’? la; mord ; (thing inserted) sonyii-
hutsu i+f 人^!^ク刀). ; (thing inserted, in
writing) kaki-ire ; kahi-kaicae ; bakl-

Inside, a. (interior) naibu (內 部) no ;
naimen ョ面) no ; uchi no.

Inside, n. na’ibu ; naimen ; naJca ;
(a person’s) o naka.

IliSKie, aclY. uchi ni ; naihu ni ; nai-
men ni ; naka ni.

to turn out, iira-gaeshl s.

turned out, ura-gaeshi no.

Iilsi<lioilS, a. (of a disease) inzen-Jci-
toku (隱 然危 篪) 710 shd (症) aru ;
(treacherous, of a person) icarugashi-
Icoi ; hbkatsu (狡お ま) na.

Insidiously, adv. v:aru リ (“hlkoku ;
kokatsu ni ; sukl ico neratte.

IilsiclioilSiiess, n. (of a person)

Xnsig”llt, n. riu-tdshl ; mi-nuki ; tu-
satsu “1^ 察) ; kampa (看 被).

to have an into, icolmltdsu ;

icojmi-nuku ; ico/tosaisu s ; icof
kampa s.

Insignia, n. kisho (徽 5 き) ; kunsho
(勳荜 )•

the of the order of the

Rising’ Sun, kyokujltsu-shb (旭日

皐). ‘
lusig-iiilicance, n. sasal (些糸 ffl) ;
tsumaranai koto ; sasa t々) taru
koto ; keiU (輕徽 ) ; (contemptibility)
gesen (下賤).
Insigriiilicailt, a. isasaka na ; sasal

糸 ffl) na ; tom ni iarinai ; tsumara-
nai ; keihi (輕微 ) na.

, person, karui hiio ; keiliai

(輕 is) ; na no shirenai hi to ; (mean)
iyashii hito ; geseji (~f R^) 感 h’lto.

Insig’iiitican tly, adv. isasaka ;
sasal ni ; keibi ni ; toru rd tarinai

Insincere, a. ( false) fujitsu (不實 )
na ; jltsu-i (實 意) no nai ; sei-i (誠意 j
no nai ; (hypocritical) mldzii-kusai ;
ura no aru.

Insincerely, adv. (falsely) fujitsu
ni ; jitsu-i naku ; (hypocritically)
Insincerity, n. (falseness) fujitsu ;
jitsu-i no nai koto ; (hypocrisy) midzu-
kusai koto ; lira no aru koto.
Insinuate, t.y. (hint) ate-isuke-m ;
fu (諷) s ; an (暗) ni shims su ; hono-
mekasu ; ate-kosuru ; (introduce gen-
tly) zuru-xaru to Ire-ric.

the water s itself into the

plants, mldzu ga clandan to somoku
{ (^/f.) e shimi-komu.

to one’s self into the

favour of a person, hito ni tori-

Iiisimiating”, a. koUrufa (風) na.
‘. voice, neko-nade-goe.

Insinuatiugly, adv. (hinting) ate-
tsukete ; (ingratiatingly) kohite.

Insiiiiiatioii, n. (act of) eqiiiv. of
Insinuate foil, by koto ; (hint) ate-
tsuke ; fngen (諷 tT) ; ankoku (暗告 )•

Insipid, a. mazui ; aji no nai ; tam-
paku (淡白) na ; muml (無味 j na ;
umami no nai ; (tig. of life, etc.) ajiki
omi ; omoshiroml no nai ; shimi (趣
3^) no nai.

Insipidity, n. tampaku ; mumi ; (fig.)

mu-shumi (無趣味).
Insipidly, adv. mazuku ; aji naku ;
tampaku ni ; mumi ni ; umayni naku ;
shumi naku ; omo shir omi naku.
Insist, i.v. (act defiantly) osu ; oshite
s ; semaru ; shiite s ; (declare persis-
tently) il-haru ; ii-tsunoru ; shucho
(主張) s ; shiite in.

to on doing”, shiite s.

to on one’s own opinion,

jibun (自分) wo mikomi wo aoko
made mo oshiie iJcu.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 452 ]


Insistence, n. eqidv. of Insist foil,
by koto ; see also Persistence.

Insobriety, n. nomi-sugi ; kwain (過
欽) ; ranswi (亂醉 )•

Insolence, n. dhei (押 抦); dfu (押
風) ; hurei (無 瀛).

xnsoleiit, a. dhei (押 柄) na ; dfu (押
IMi) 鳩 ; burei (tojg) na.

an expression, vokel (餘 It)

na koto,

fellow, hurei-mono.

to “be (in action), huj^ei wo s ;

shikkei (失敬) ico s.

Insolently, adv. vhei ni ; of a ni ;
hurei ni.

Insolubility, n. eqniv. of Insoluble
foil, by koto.

Insoluble, a. (insolvable) toki-akashi
no dekinai ; kaimei (f^ 明) no dekinai ;
kaishaku M) s ; wakai
(和解) s ; naJca-dachi s ; naka ni
fiaitie aisukau ; chunin (f 中 人) to

Intercept, t.v. (intemipt commnni-
cation) s/iadan s ; (interrupt the pro-
gress of) seki-iome-ru ; shadan (遮 斷)
s ; hogai (防 碍) s ; (seize by the way)
tochu (途 de uhau ; yoko-dori s.

Interception, n. shadan ; hbgai ;
or eqniv. of Intercept foil, by


Intercession, n. toH-nashi ; chu-
sai ; kwankai ; naka-dacld.

lutercessor, n. chimin (ft A ) ; chu-

sainin (f 中 裁 人)’; kicankainin (勸解

A) ; naka-dachi.
Iiitercliang-e, t.v. torl-kaicasu ;

kbkwan (交換) s ; yarl-torl s ; (goods)

kdeki (交易)

Xutercliang’e, i.v. tori-kawaru,

Iiitercliang-eability, n. equiv. of
Intercliang’eable foil, by koto.

Iiitercliangeable, a. iori-kcacase
no dekiru ; yari-tori no dekiru ; kb-
kwan no dekiru.

Iiitercommunicable, a. kdtsii m)

Iiitercommimicatioii, n. tsu-
shin-o 卜 uku (往復) ; tsushln-dral (i^ 信

Intercostal, a. roJckan (H 力 間) no.
Intercourse, n. (between states)
kosai (交際) ; (communication) kotsii
(交通) ; orai (往来) ; (social) majiica-
ri ; tsuki-ai ; kbsai.

commercial , tsushb (通商).

sexual , kdgb (交合) ; kbsetsu


to have (with, to) Icbtsu s ;

majiicaru ; fsiiJci-au ; orai s ; ko-.
sat s.

Interflependeiice, n. tayori-au

koto ; ai-irai sum koto.
Interdependent, a. to be ,

tayori-au ; ai-irai s.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ le


[ 458 ]


Interdict, t.Y. kinji-ru ; kinzei (禁
制) 5 ; chdji (19: it) s ; kinshi (禁止)

person ed from the man-
agement of his property, kin-
jisansha (禁? ^台產 者) [Civ. Co.]-

Interdict, n. kinzei (禁制) ; MnsJii
(禁止) ; kinrei (禁令) ; (religious) ri-

mon mm

Interdiction, n. kinzei ; kinshi ;
chdji [esp. of music forbidden
during public mourning].

from the management of

one’s property, Jc’mjisan (禁’ 冶

interdictory, a. kinzei no ; kinshi
no ; kinrei no.

Interest, n. (advantage) tame ni
nam koto : (excitement of feeling)
shiso (思、 想) ; (on money) risoku (禾 ij
S) [Com. Co.] ; ん i (禾 IJ 子 i; (partici-
pation in advantage and responsibi-
lity) kwankei (|| 係); rlgai (利害);
(pleasurable excitement) kyomi (與
njc) ; omoshiromi ; shuml (趣味) ;
(profit) rieJci (利益); rljun (利潤);
(share in a yentiire) mochibun (キま 分)
[Com. Co.].

compound , chori (重禾 ij).

daily , hihu.

high , kd7’i (高利). _

in naval affairs, Jcaiji-shisd

(海事 思想).

in politics, seiji-shiso (政事


legal rate of , hoiei-rintsu

(法定 利率) [Civ. Co.].

low , teiri (低利). _

principal and ., gicanrl (元


public , icoekl (公益).

simple , tanri f 早 利 i.

the rule of ……. risolmno (利息


to affect the s of, nilkaka-

waru ; ni/kicankel (關释 ) s.

to be to the of, nojrkkl ni

nam ; nojioku (f 导) ni nam.

to take an in (a person),

wo/sewa s ; no tame nilshhnmi (心

yearly , nenrl (年利).

Interest, t.v. (benefit) nojiame ni
imru ; (excite emotion) kaiido (愁 動)

ed parties, riqa i-kvMnkeinin

(利害 關係 人) [Civ. Co., Com. Co.].

to be ed in, (a business, etc.)

nilkv:ankei (關 係) ga aru ; (affected
by) nilrigai-Jcwa nice i wo yu (有) s ;
(a thing) ico/omoshirogaru ; ni/kyd-

to one’s self actively in,

ni/honso (奔走) s.

Iiiterestedness, n. kwankei (關

Iilterestiilg’, a. omosJdroi ; kydmi
(興味) no aru ; shumi (趣味) no aru.

Interestiiigiy, adv. omoshiroku ;
kydmi no aru yd ni ; shnmi no aru
yo ni.

Interfere, i.v. (intermeddle) yokei
(餘 計) 篇 sewa wo s ; sashi-de-rii ;
kuchibashl ico ire ru ; (of a person)
kansho (干ミ 歩) s ; kamau ; tachi-iru ;
(of a thing) jama ni naru.

to with, (intermeddle with)

nilkanshd s ; (obstruct) wofbdgai
(妨害) s.

Interference, n. kansho (干渉) ;
sashi-deru koto ; yokai (容 嫁) ; (ob-
struction) hogai . ; shdijai (障
$1) ; jama.

principle of , kansho- sliugi

(干渉 主義 )•

Interim, n. aula ; zanji (暫時).

charge d’affaires ad , rinjU

dairi-kdshl (臨時 代理公使).

Interior, a. ucM no ; naihu (內 部)
no ; naka no ; naimen (p^ IS) no ;
ckushin (中’ じ、) no ; (of a country)
naichi (內; tjfe) no.

Interior, n. iwhl ; naibu ; naimen ;
naka ; chiishin ; (of a country) nai-

department of the , naimu^

sho 務 省).

Minister of the , ivxirau-

dmj’m (內務 大臣).

Interject, t.v. to remarks,

knchi-dashi wo s.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 459 ]


Interjection, n. (gram.) kantdshi

(間投詞). ^ 1 7 7.7 7.

of remarks, kuc/a-dashi ico

suru koto.

luterjectional, a phrase,

Interlace, t.v, kuml-aicase-ru.

Interlard, t.v. to with, nl

wo hasamu.

Interleave, t.v. nilhakushi (白紙)
wo toji-Jcomu ; nilhakushi v:o hasamu.
Interline, t.v. luto-ki(dari-oki ni

kaJcu ; ichigyd-oki ni kaku.
Interlineation, n. (act of) equiv.
of Interline foil, by koto ; (what is
written) gyd け亍) no a Ida ni kaita
monku (ま 句) ; kaki-ire.

Interlocutory, a judgment,

cJmkan-hanketsu (中崗 判^) [CiT.

Interloper, n. jama wo suru hito. ―

InterluVle, n. (musical) ai no so-
f/aku (奏樂 ) ; (on the stage) ai no
kyogen (狂言),

Intermarriage, n. (between na-
tions) zakkon (雑婚) ; (of families)

. jiien (重 緣).

Intermarry, i.v. (between nations)
zakkon s ; (of families) jiien (重 緣) wo

Iiiteriiieddle, j.v. (with, ni)

desJiaharu ; kanslib (干ミ お) s ; sasiiiae-
ru ; kuchihashl wo ire-ru.
Iiitermeflcller, n. sashl-deru hito ;
osekkai ; deshabari.

llitermeddliiJ g*, n. kanshd ; sashl-
deru koto ; deshaharu koto.
In termediary, n. tsute ; chunm
(仲人); naka-dachi.

throug^h the of, nojfe wo

hete ; icojkeiyii (經 由) shite.

Intermediate, a. aida ni am ;
alda ni hairu ; chukan (中間) no.

frame (cotton-spinning),

kamhoki (間 機).
Intermediately, adv. aida ni ;

aida ni haitte ; cJmlcan ni.
Inter mefliation, n. kyochn-chotei
(居 中 調

Iiiter】iiinal)l<?, a. hodzu no nai ;
kagiri no “nai ; s air/ en (際!^) no nai ;
Jiate no nai ; nnujen (無限) no ; mw-
ryd (無量) no ; (wearisomely long)

InteiMiliiiableii css, n. mugen ;
muryb ; and other eqiiiv. of Inter-
minable, foil, by koto.

1 11 1 e r 111 i 11 al>l y , adv. h.Mzxi naku ;
kar/h’i naku ; saigen naku ; hate
nalcu ; mugen nl ; muryb ni.

lutermiiiglo, i.v. mazaru ; konkd

am) s ; kon リ d (M 合) s.
Intermingle!, t.v. maze-ru ; konko

.9 ; maze-awase ru.
Intermission, n. taenia ; kandan

(間 斷) ; (fliscontinuance) zanji (暫時)

yameru koto ; (med.) kanketsu (f4

I) 欠) ; sashi-hiJd.
without ■ , tacma naku.

Intermittent, a fever,

okori ; rjyaku ; kankdsu-ndsu

歇 熱). ‘ .

to “be , aida ico oku ; zanji

yamu ; (of a fever) sashl-hiki s.

Iiiteriiiitt<Mitly, adv. aida ico oite ;
zanjl yande ; (of a fever) sasld-kiki

Inter mix, t. and i.v. y. Inter-

Iiiteriuixtiire, n. konkd (混’ ff) ;
kongo (ji^ 合) ; (ingredient) kongd-
hutsu UM: 合 物 )• ‘
luteriial, a. uchl no ; naka no ; nai-
hit (內 お;) no ; (of a country) nairjii
(內 地) no ; kokunai (國內 ) れ o.

for u さ e, naiyo (肉 用) れ o.

injury, naison (內す 炱).

medicine, nai-fulcuyahu (內

Jj ほ藥) ; nomi-(/usuri.

troubles (in a country), nai-

ra” (內亂 ).
Internally, adv. uchl ni ; naka ni ;

naibu ni ; (of a country) nalchi ni.
Iiiteruational, a. (concerning all
countries) bankoku no ; kakJcoku (各
國) no ; (concerning relations of
countries) kokusai no ; kokusai-teki
no ; kbsaijb (交際上) no ; kokfcojo (國
交 上) no.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 460 ]

…… exhibition, hankoku-haku-

rankwai (萬 國博覽 會).

law, kokusaihd (國瞭 法) ;

hankoku-koho (萬國 公法).

Internationally, adv. kokkdjd (國
交 上) de ; kokusaijd (國際 上) c?e.

Internecine, a. kyiisM-isshd (九死

— ife.) 710.

Interpellation, n. sasMdeguchi ;
(pari.) shitsumon {%fa[).

Interpolate, t.v. kaki-ire-ru.

Interpolation, n. (act of) kaki-ire-
ru koto ; (that which is introduced)

Interpolator, n. kaJd-ire-te.

Interpose, t.v. aid a n’l hammu ;
aida ni oku ; sashi-hasaniu ; sashi-

Interpose, i.v. naka e hair a ; cJmsal
(仲裁) s.

Interposition, n. cMscd; (inter-
ference) Jcanshb (干渉).

Interpret, t.v. (expound) chilshakn
(註 釋) s ; ioki-akasu ; kalshaku (丙 第
禱) s ; (in conversation) tsuyaku s ;
tsuhen (通 辨) s ; (make clear) mewyd
(明亮) 2″ s ; (translate) honyaku (/叉
if) s ; (unravel) handan (列 斷) s.

to a dream, yume uco handan


Interpret, i.v. tsuhen s ; tsuyaku s.

Interpretation, n. tsuhen ; tsu-
yaku ; (exposition) chusliaku ; setsu-
mei {^^^) ; toki-akashi ; (of a dream)
handan ; (sense to be given) kai-
shaku ; (translation) honyaku ; yaku.

according’ to my vcatahuski

no kenkai (見解) de ica.

Interpreter, n. tsuji (通 事) ; tsiib€n
(通 辨); tsuyakushfi (通譯 者); (ex-
pounder) setsumeisha (說明 者) ;
(translator) lionyakusha (反譯 者).

official , tsuyakkwan (通,

官); yakkwan

student , vakk ican-mmarai.

Iiiterrograte, t.v. tou ; kitsumon (詰
fo^ ) s ; kymnon (究 問 ) s ; (a witness)

jimmon (訊問) s [Cr. Pro.] ; (pari.)
shitsumon (^fa^) s.

Interrogration, n. (inquiry) toi;
kitsumon ; kyiimon ; shitsumon ;
(questioning) jimmon.
note of …… , gimoiifen (疑問 ij^).

Interrogrative, n. toi no kotoha.

Iiiterrog^ative, a. gimontei (疑問 體)

pronoun, gimon-daimeishi


sentence, gimon-ljunshd (疑

問 文 窣).

Interrogatively, adv. gimontei ni.

Interrogatory, n. jimmon-chdsho
(訊問 調書).

Interrupt, t.v. ni/jama ico s ; sama-
tage-ini ; hogai (妨害) s ; kaki-maica-
su ; (stop) habamu ; soshi (阻止) s ;
cJmshi (中止) s ; ieishi (j^ih) s.

to be ed, (of a term running)

chiidan (中 斷) s ; (of communica-
tions )/” ム (木通) de aru ; futsii ni
natte oru.

to a conversation, hanashi

ICO saegiru, or no koshi wo oru.

Interruption, n. (break) cJmshi ;
ieishi ; (by speaMng) sashideguchi ;
(interference) samatage ; hogai ; ja-
ma ; kosho (故障) ; (of a term run-
ning) chudan.

of communications, kdtsil,

(交通) no teishi 止). ,

Intersect, t.v. yokogiru ; Jdrl-wake-
ru ; bdan (橫斷 ) s.

Intersection, u. yokogiru koto ;
kiri-wakeru koto.
point of …… , kosaten (交叉 蠆 も).

Intersperse, t.v. maze-ru ; maki-

to be d, majiru.

Interstice, n. sukima ; tcare7ne ; (of
a net) me.

Intertwine, i.v. karami-au ; at-

Intertwine, t.v. ami-aicase-ru ; yori-

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 似 ]

Interval, n. (during a stage pei’foi’-
mance) naJm-lrl ; maku-al ; (mil.)

ひ 72 ん で/” “(間隔); (of clays) hiai ; (of
space) a Ida ; maa i ; (of time, between
work) ai ; atdri ; marn ; kanrjeld (間
^) ; him”.
an of fine weather, hare-

at s, iohi-tobl nl ; (of time,

short) alma-aima ni.

at s of three feet, sanjaku

(三尺) hedate ni ; sanjaku old ni ;
sanjaku ma ni.

Intervene, i.v. (be between) aida nl
aru ; (come in between) naka e hairu ;
chtlsai (仲裁) .9; chotei (調 I^?*) s;
(interfere) kansho (干渉) s ; (of time)
ma ga am.

Intervener, n. sankanhi.

secondary , ja-sankanin (從

參加 人).

Intervention, n. (act of) equiv. of
Intervene foil, by koto ;. (inter-
fereDce) kansho ; (mediation) chusai ;
chotei (調 1^); kyocha-ehotei (居 中!^
停); (of third party in a suit) sanka
(參 加) [Civ. Pro., Com. Co.].

Interview, n. me’ikimi (面 會) ; men-
dan (面- 談); mmf/o (面 晤); taimen
(對 面) ; kicaiken (會 見) ; (conference)
osetsu (應 接) ; dtai (應對 ) ; (with high
official) men-etsu (面 謁, ).

to grant an …… to, ni/dtal (應

對) s ; nijmenkicai wo yurusu.

to have an with, to/kwaiken

s ; tojtaimen (對 面) s.

Interview, t.v. nl/menJami s ; ni/
mendan s ; nijinengo s ; niltaimen s ;
to I osetsu s ; to/otai s.

Interviewer, n. mmdansha (面談
者); menkicalnin A) ; menqoslia
(面晤 者) ; taimensha (對面 者) ; osetsu-
sha (應接 者); otaisha (應對 者);
kwaikensha (會 見者).

Interweave, t.v. orl-maze-nt ; ori-
komu ; ori-awase-ru. ‘
to be interwoven, ori-majiru.

Intestacy, n. yulgon no nai koto.

Intestate, a. yuigon (遺言) no nal

Intestinal, a. cho (Ji) no.

worms, kwaichu (虫面 蟲).

Intestine, a. (internal) nailm (内部)
no ; nalmen (|^ 面) no.

disorders (of a country), nai-

ran (^亂 ).

Intestine, n. harawata ; wata ; zd-
fu (臓腑) ; cho (腸).

large , daicho (大腸).

small , shocho レ J 、腸).

Intimacy, n. kon-i (懇意) ; shimhoku
(親睦) ; jukkon (熟 愁) ; najimi ; or
eqiiiv. of Intimate foil, by koto ;
(between a man and a woman) fiikai

Intimate, a. majhcarl no fukai ;
naka no fukai ; kon-i na ; mutsu-
maju ; kofcoro-yasui ; nengoro na ;
shimmUsu (親密) na ; shitashii ; juk-
kon na.

connection (between events,

etc.), missetsu (法; 接) no Jcicankei
(關 係).

terms, zokkon no aidagara ;

(of a man and a woDQan) fukai

Intimate, t.v. v. Announce ; (sug-
gest obscurely) an (F ば’) ni shimesu ; fa
(諷) s ; honomekasu.

Intimately, adv. m^ajhcari fukaku ;
naka fukaku ; kon-i ni : mv.tsu-
majiku ; kokoro-yasulcu ; nengoro ni ;
s’himmitsu nl ; najinde ; jukkon ni ;
(of events, etc.) missetsu ni.

Iiitiiiiatioii, 11. V. Announce-
ment ; an ni shimesu koto ; filgen
(諷 言) ; (official) kokuchl (告知).

Iiltimiclate, t.v. odosu ; odoTcasu ;
ikaku (威嚇) 5 ; kydhaku (脅迫) s;
(恐 浠) sase-ru.

to be a, osore-ru ; kyofa s.

Intimidation, n. Icijbhaku (脅迫);
ilcaku ; shii (示威) ; (state of) kyofu ;

Iiitimidatory, a. odosu ; odokasu ;
ikaku suru ; kyofu saseru ; shii

action, shu-unao (示威運動).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 462 ]


Into, prep, no naka e ; ni ; no ucM e.

to dig , nijhori-komu.

to fall , nijochi-lcomu.

to slip , nildzuri-koniu ; ni/


to step , ni/fumi-komu ; nlj


Intolerable, a. kotaerarenal ; tcimcr
ranai ; koraerarenai ; taegatai ; ski’
nohi-gatai ; gaman (我’ 漫) no dckinai ;
shimbo (辛抱) no dekinai.

Intolerableness, n. equiv. of In-
tolerable foil, by koto.

Intolerably, adv. equiv. of intole-
rable foil, by hodo.

Intolerance, n. gicammei (頑迷) ;

fukicanyd (不] ^ 容).
Intolerant, a. gicammei na ; ryolcen

(量 見) れ semai ; fukicanyd na.
量 ntoleraiitly, adv. gwammei ni ; /”-

kwanyo ni ; rydken stmaku. ^

Intonate, t.v. chdon ; (abuse) soshiri ; 龍 lo-
shiri ; bari (罵詈).

Iiiveiffli, to against,

(abuse) wolsosfiiru ; wolnonoshiru ;
wo/hari s ; (attack) wojliinan s ; woj
hakugeki s.
Inveigle, t.v. sukasu ; tsurl-komu ;

sosonokasu ; dbiku ; yiiwaku (誘惑 J


Inveiglement, n. (act of) yuwaku ;
and equiv. of Inveigle foil, by koto.

Invent, t.v. (discover) Juttsumei (發
明) s; fcit/ な (工夫) s; Gms/mfsw. (案出)
s ; anji-dasu ; sozo (創造) s ; (fabri-
cate mentally) koan (考 索) s ; kufu
(工夫) s ; anshutsu s ; (in a bad
sense) takumu ; mokuromu.
. newly ed, shin-hatsumei no.

Invention, n. hatsumei ; kufu ; an-
shutsu ; (fabricated story) koshirae-
hanashi ; tsuhuri-hanashi ; gisaku (偽
作) ; [the last is used in a jocular
sense] ; (imagination) sbzb-ryoku.
new , shin-hatsumei (新發 明).

Inventor, n. hatsumeisha (發明 者) ;
kufitka (工夫 家); anshutsusha (案出

Inventive, a. hatsumei-ryoku (發明
力) 710 aru ; kufu-ryokii (工夫:^) ni
tonda ; anshutsu-ryoku (案出 力) no
aril ; (full of imagination) sozo-rmku
(想像力) ni tomu.

Inventiveness, n. hatsumei-ryoku ;
kufu-ryoku ; anshutsu-ryoku ; (of
imagination) sozo-ryoku.

Iiiveiitory? n. shina-gaki ; moku-
roku ; (of property) zaiscm-mojcuroku
(財 產目錄 ); (of stock) tanaoroshi-

Inverse, a. (inverted) tento skua ;
sakasama no ; (opposite) hantai (反
對) shita ; (opposite in order) gyaku
(逆) no ; abe-kobe no.

ratio, hampirei (反 上匕 例).

Inversely, adv. gyaku ni ; hantai
shite ; tento shite ; sakasama

Inversion, n. (act of, of order) abe-
kobe ni suru koto ; (placing upsiae
down) iento suru koto ; sakasama ni
suru koto ; (state of, of order) abe-kobe
ni noMe oru koto.

Invert, t.v. (of order) ahe-kohe ni s ;
amku ni s ; (turn upside down) Unto
s ; fuse-ru ; sakasama ni s.

to Tbe ed, ahe-kohe ni iiatte


Invertebrata, n. musekisui-dobutsu
(無脊椎動物) ; sehone-mki-ddbutsu.

夏 nverteTbrate, a. sehone no nai ;
sekisui (脊 推) no nai.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 4G5 ]

Invest, t.v. (lay siege to) kakomu ;
tori-kakomu ; (with office, etc.) ni/
nUiji-ru ; wojkurai ni jo (叙) s.

to be ed with (an office), wo I


to a person with power,

hito ni ken ico sadzuke-rUy or inln
(委任) s.

to capiua 丄, shihon (资 本) v:o

tojlru ; tbshi (投資) s.

JLiivestig’ate, t.v. (a case) cjimml (吟
味) s ; sensakiL (穿^)、 s ; (a subject)
chosa s ; (facts) shirabe’ru ; tori-
shirahe-ru ; tadasu ; (objects) kensa
(撿査 ) s ; sUnsa (審査) s ; (scientific
subject) kenkyii (研究) s ; tdkyii (討
究) s.

Iiivestigatiou, n. (combined with
inspection) shisatsu (視察) ; (of a
case) gimmi ; sengi (設幽 ) ; sensaku ;
(of a subject) chosa (齒 き) ; (of a
subject of study) tokyu ; kokyu ; ken-
kyu ; (of facts) shirabe ; tori-sJilrahe ;
(of objects) kmm ; shwsa.
under , torlshirahe-clm.

Investigator, n. sensakusha (穿鑿
者) ; Jcensanin (檢査 人) ; (of a subject)
chosanin (副査 人) ; (of a subject of
study) idkyusha (討究 者) ; kenkyasha

Investiture, n. jushak’ushikl (授 ||
式); shinjushlk’i (M 校 式 y

to hold an , joshakushiJcl (叙

If 式) wo olconau.

Investineut, n. (money invested)
shihonkin (資本 奪) ; (of capital) shi-
hon (資本) wo idjiru koto ; hijshi ま
資) ; ^ siege) kakomu koto ; tori-kako-
mu koto ; (with authority, etc.) nin-
jiru koto ; jonin (叙任).

Inveterate, a. (obstinate) gwanko
(頊 固) れ a ; (of disease) koshiisu (想.
3^) no ; kbjita ; (of long standiner)
shukuhei (宿^) to naita ; kyushii {%
習) to natta.

Inveterately, adv. gwanko ni.
Inveteracy, n. shukuhei ; Jcyuhei (舊
弊) ; gwanko ; (of disease) koshitsu.

Invidious, a. (hateful) iya na ; itou-
beki ; ken-o (嫌 惡) siibeki.

Invifliousuess, n. eqiiiv. of In-
vidious foil, by koto.

Invig’orate, t.v. tsiajome-ru ; nl に
kiryoku (氣 力) u’O tsulce-ru ; (of
health) sukoyaka ni s ; johu ni s.

Invincibility, n. eqiiiv. of Invin-
cible foil, by Mo.

Invincible, a. katarenal ; kachl-
gaial ; f ukriju (服 從) saserarenai.

Invincibly, adv. kaiarenai hodo ;
kachi-gatai hodo ; fukiiju saserarenai

Inviolability, n. equiv. of Invio-
lable foil, by koto ; (as, of bearer of
flag of truce) fukashmken (不可侵 權).

Inviolable, a. okasarenal ; shinsei
聖) 7ia ; (not capable of being
broken) yaJnirarenai ; hadan (^j^^)
no clek’mai.

inviolably, adv. okasarenal yd ni ;
shinsei ni ; yahurarenai yo ni ; hadan,
no dekinai yd ni.
Invisibility, n. me iil mienal koto.
Invisible, a. me ni mienal.
Invisibly, adv. me nl mienal yo ni.
Invitation, n. (act of) maneku koto ;
maneki ; shotai (招き) ; yohareru
koto ; (message) maneki ; shotai.

card, shotaijo (招待状) ; mane-

ki-jd (招 状) ; ammijd (案内状).

to accept an , shotai wo uke-

ru ; shotai ni dji-ru.

Invite, t.v. yohu ; maneku ; shotai s ;
annal s ; (allure) yiiin (誘 弓 iza-
nau ; sasou ; (give occasion to) mane-

to be d out, yobare-ru ; mane-


Invocation, n. (act of) kito sum
koto ; inoru koto ; (prayer) kito (祈
藉); inori.

Invoice, n. shUre-slw.

Invoice, t.v. shUre-sho ni Ici-nyu (|C

Invoke, t.v. negau ; inoru.

to help, kyujo (救助) 鶴


to the aid of, niltammu.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ

[ 466 ]


Involuntarily, adv. ware-sMradzu ;
zonjigake naku ; igwai (意 夕 卜) ni ;
hitori-de ni ; mu-i (無意) ni ; (unwill-
ingly) /w れ o ひ- i (不本意) nagara.

Involuntary, a. zonjigake nai ; -i-
gwai (意 夕 卜) れ o ; mu-i (無; fe) no ; hitori-
de no ; (unwilling) fuhon-i no.

Involve, t.v. (make intricate) konran
(if^lL) sase-ru ; sakuzatsu ‘(錯雑) sase-
ru ; motsurase-ru ; (require) yd (要)
s ; (wind round) ou ; tsutsumu ; fu-

Involved, a. and p.p. (complicated)
iri-kunda ; komi-itta ; konran shita ;

• sakuzatsu shita ; fukuzatsu (菝 雑)

to be d in debt, shakkin (借

金) de kubi mo mawaranai.

to be d (in the crime of

another), malcizoe ni naru, or au ;
kakaH-ai ni naru ; renrui (連累) ni

Invulnerability, n. kidziitsuke-
rarenai koto.

Invulnerable, a. kldzutsukerarenai.

Inwardly, adv. (internally) naibu
(內^ ) ni ; uchi ni ; naimen (內 |6i) ni ;
(in the heart) shinchu (‘亡、 中) ni ; nai-

Inwardness, n. (true meaning)
shin-i (眞 意); naiyd (内 要); (true
state) shinjoiai (眞 3;fc|fO’

Inwards, adv. naibu no ho e ; ucJii
no ho e ; naka no ho e ; naimen no ho

Iodine, n. yojimu ; yodo.
I.O.U. shakuyd-.^hosho (借用 證 書).
Ipecacuanlia, n. tokon.

wine, tokonshu (吐 根 酒).

Irascibility, n. tanJd (短 氣) ; kan-

shaku W 藏”
Irascible, a. okori-yasui ; hara-

dachippoi ; ianki (短 氣) na ; ikari-

yasui ; ki no mijikai ; okorippoi ; kan-

shaku-mochi no,

Irascilbly, adv. okori-yasulcu ; hara-
dachippoku ; tanJci ni ; ikariyasuku ;
ki-mijika ni.

Irate, a. okoUa ; fundo (憤怒) shita

Iridium, n. mjium.

Iridescence, n. kdsai (虹彩) ; tama-
mushi-iro ; ao-riiri.

Iris, n. (i. ensata) I’epr. by kaki-
tsubata ; (i. japonica) shaga ; (i.
sibii’ica) ayame ; (i. tectorum) ichi-
hatsu ; (i. versicolor) hanashobu ; (of
the eye) kurome ; kdsai (虹彩) ; kuro-
manako ; (rainbow) niji.

Iritis, n. kosaien (虹彩]^).

Irksome, a. urusai ; taikutsu (退屈)
na ; monoid ; iya-iya siiru.

Irksomeiiess, n. taikutsu ; urusai
koto ; iya-iya suru koto ; monousa.

Iron, n. teisu (鐵 )•

bar , boietsu (棒 鐵).

cast , cJmtetsu -) s.

Killing”, n. (of animals) sessUo
生) ; (of human beings) Juto-goroshi.

Kiln, n. Icama.

Kin, B. (relations) shins eki (親戚) ;
shinrui (—類) ; shinzoku (親方き;) ; mi-
yori ; enja (緣 者) ; (relationsHip) chi-
suji ; ketto (jfiL 統) ; ketsuzoku (皿 族) ;
ketsiien (血 緣). h~T-“^-j
next oi , Ichihan chlkal shin-

Kind, n. rut (類); shurui (種類);
shu ; tagid ; zoku (族) ; (of goodb) te ;

of, rui no ; tagui no ; shurni

no ; also -(jam, suffixed.

of day, tii-gara.

of person, hito-gara ; jimpln


a of (resembliDg), ?-<o yd na.

Hosted byV^OOQle

[ 478 ]


all s of, iro-iro no ; sama-

mma 710 ; Icakushu (各種) no ; sho-
】龜 (諸般) no.

different …… s of, shuju [M^)


in , shina de ; shinamono de.

one of, isshu (一種) no.

this of, kono shu no.

two s, juta-iro.

what of, donna ; na)i no.

Kind, a. shinsetsu (深切) na ; Jcon-
toku (懇篤) na ; nengoro na ; nasake
no aru [the last of persons only].

enquiries, mimai ; imon


to be to, nijkontoku de aru ;

nil shinsetsu de aru ; rdl nasake ico

you are very , go shinsetsu

wa arigatd.

Kind e r- g-a r t e 11 , n. ydchien (幼稚

Jt^illfl-liearted, a. nasake no aru ;
nasake-hukai ; jinshin (仁 , じ、) oio aru ;
jihi (慈悲) hukai.

E^iiidle, t.v. (a fire) taJci-isuke-ru ;
moyasu ; tenkwa (黑 も’ 人) s ; taku ;
okosu ; (anger) okorase ru ; geki (激 j

to the passions, jokica

(t^iAc) wo moyasu ; wajjdkwa <ja

Kindly, adv. shinsetsu ni ; konioku
ni ; nengoro ni ; (in making an
apology) ashiJcaradzu ; (in making a
request) yoroshiku.

Kindness, n. (act) shinseisu ; kon-
ioku ; (quality) nasake ; お 5i (厚意);
fcojo (厚情).

small act of (self -depre-

ciatory), sunshi (寸志).

Kindred, n. shinrui (親類) ; shinzoku
(親族) [Civ. Co.]; shinseki (親戚);
enja (緣 者) ; ketsuzoku (血 旅).

Kindred, a. ndji (類似) no ; kono rui

Kinematics, n. wulbgaku (運動 學 )•
Kinematograph, n. kwatsudd-
shasUn-ki (活動 寫 ft 器).

King’, n. (王) ; kokud (國 王) ; (cliess)

Book of ….. .s (O.T.), Eetsud-Jci-

ryaku (列 王 蝶).

King-dom, n. dkoku (王 國) ; (the
whole country) koknju (國^ );
kuni ; in Chinese compounds Icoicu ;
(science) kai,

animal , ddhiitsukal (動物界).

mineral , kicobiitsukai (鎮物

界 )••

United , rengo-okoku (聯合 王

‘ 國).

vegetable , shokubutsuJcai


Iviiig’tislier, n. (alcedo bengalensis,
Indian kingfisher) kawasemi ; shd-
hin ; (ceryle guttata) kahutodori ;
kanokodorl ; yamakeri ; kwahancho
(花 ite, き); (liaicyon coromanda) mi-
yama-shobm ; midzugoi-dori ; kyororo.

Kingly, a. songen (零 嚴) no aru;
igen (威 殿) no aru ; o-rashii ; o ni
sbtb (相 當) na.

King^’S-evil, n. ruireki (潔薩 )•

Kink, n. yore.

lie has a in his mind, ryo-

ken (量 見) ga neji-kureie oru.

Iviiik, i.v. yore’ru.

Kiss, t.v. to/seppun (接吻) s ; no/kuchi
wo Sim.

I^ISS, n. seppun ; kuchi ico suit koto ;

Kitclien, n. daidokoro ; kaite ; chu-
hd (厨房); hochu OS 厨); (in foreign
house) daidokoro ; cook-beya.

Kitclien-eiitrance, n. kaite-

Kitclien-garcleii, n. yasai-hatake ;
saien (菜園). ,

Kitclien-knife, n, (for cutting
meat) deha-hocno ; (for vegetables)

Kitclien-maicl, n. osandon ; me-

Kite, n. (bird) tohi ; iomhi [milvus
melanotis] ; (toy) iako ; (toy, man-
shaped) yaicko-dako ; (toy, diamond-
shaped) choserirdako ; ika-dako.
humming’ , unari-dako.

Hosted b ん 00 ヌ


[ 479 ]


Order of the Golden , kin’

‘ひい ‘-た舰.< ?ん 5 ( 金鵜勳 草). –

10 fly a , toko ico age-ru.

ivitteil, n. 7ieko no ko ; ko-neko.

Kleptomania, n. tdshmkyd (盜心

Knack, n. kotsu (骨) ; kokyu (呼吸),
by a , kotsu de ; kokyu de.

Knapsack, n. hainb (背 囊) ; rando-
seru [obsolesc.].

Ivnave, n. ochakumono ; ochaku (横
着) na yatsu ; (in cards) hoku (僕).

Knavish, a, dzurui ; ochaku na ;
kosui ; oad (橫 道) na ; shihutoi [vulg.].

Kiiavislily, adv. dzuruku ; ochaku
oii ; kosuku ; odd ni ; shihiitoku

Kiiavisliuess, n. dzurusa ; dehaku ;
dzurui koto ; kosui koto ; shihutoi
koto [yulg,].

l.iiead, t.Y. kone-ru ; neru ; detchl-
ru ; (in sliampooing) momu.

Knee, n. hiza.

to bend the , hiza wo oru ;

iiiza ICO kagame-ru.

Kiiee-cap, n. hizaklw ; hiza-gashira ;
shitsurjaikotsu (膝蓋骨) ; hiza no

Knee-cushion, n. hiza-huton ; him-

Knee-joint, n. shissetsu ; sMklcwan-
setsu (膝關 節).

Kneel, i.v. him ico tsuku ; JUzama-

Knife, n. * ; (pocket) kogatana ;
(table) * ; hochd. [Hocho and deba-
hocho are kinds of Japanese kitchen-
knives ; kodzuka, or kamikiri, is the
knife formerly worn in the sword-

Kniie-griiider, n. togiya ; to’jisM ;
(cicada) semi.

Knife-powder, n. uchiko.

Kniglit, n. (chess) keima (桂馬).

Kniglit-errant, n. [The ” otoko-
daU;, also called kydkalm (俠 寄), of
OjLci J apan, who made it their business
to protect the weak and helpless,

coi’i’espcmd more or less closely to
the European kniglit-errant. Samu-
rai who travelled about for the pur-
pose of exhibiting their military skill
were called mushashugyb (武者修業).

Kniglitly, a. (chivalrous) gilci (義氣 )
no aru ; kydld (氣俠 ) no aru ; otolco-
gi no ; gikyo na ; Imshirashii.

KuiT, t.Y. (as, a textile fabric) amu.

. to the brow, mayu ico hiso-

nie’ru ; shiwa wo yose-ru.

Ivnitted, a goods, meriyasu.

under-shirt, meriyasu-hada-


Knitting’, n. ami-zaiku ; (occupa-
tion) ami-mono.

needle, amihari ; amibd.

Jt^nob, n. fushi ; (of a bed-post) gi-
hoshi ; (of a drawer) hiki-te ; tsuma-
mi ; (of a tree) kobu.

xvnock, t.v. tataku ; utsu ; hutsu.

to at the door, to ico tataku.

to down, buchi-taosu ; ucJii-

sue’ru [a person only] ; (at auction)

to in, huchi-komu ; uchi-


to off, huchi-otosu.

to off work, yasumu.

to one’s legs from under

one, sune wo harau.

to out, huchi-dasu.

to to pieces, tataki-kowasu ;

huchi-kowasu ; buchi-kiidaku.

to be ed down (at auction),

rakusatsu (荡 礼) s.

to be ed up (fatigued), yo-

waru ; isiikare-ru.

Knock-kneed, a. ucH-ioani no.
Knoll, n. oka.

Knot, n. (band of individuals) toto
(俾 露) ; (in string) musuUme ; (string
tied twice) komamusuhi ; (in wood)
fushi ; kobu ; (nautical) kairi (海里).

to be full of s, fushi kure-


to cut the Gordian , ittb (一

刀) ni ranshi (湧 L 糸) wo Idru ; itto
7ii ramma (亂麻 j wo tatsu.

Knotty, a. a point, nammon


Hosted b ん OO ヌ

[ 480 ]


Know, t.v. shiru ; zonji-ru ; shochi
(承知) s ; hokoroe-ru ; satoru ; (re-
cognize) mi-tome-ru ; mi-oboe-ru.

as you , shitte no ton ; (polite)

fjo shochi no tori.

do you of anyone who

wants to sell ? url-te no kokoro-
atari ga nai ka ?

do you whether ?

ka rjo zonjl desu ka.

he s Eng-lish well, Eigo (英

語) tea yoku deki-ru ; Elgo ni yoJcu

how should I ? nani shiru

mono ka ?

I don’t whether it is so

or not, so de ant ka nai ica sld-

n as (with, village names),

aza ; as Oimura 一 n as

Kamitachiai, Oimura aza

the little matter you of,

rei (例) no ikken (一件).

those who , shikisha (識者).

to become n (famous), no7ia

(fa slme-ru.

to thoroughly, jukuchi (熟

知) s.

to let , nilstiirase-ru.

JKnowable, a. shiru koto no deJciru.
to be , shire-rii.

Knowing”, a. reirl (fgi 利) 7ia ; josal-
nai ; nukeme no nai.

Knowing*, n. there is no that

there may not be another
epidemic of plague, pesto nado
ga mata hayaranu to ica kagiranai.

Knowing’ly* adv. (cunningly) reirl
ni ; josalnaku ; (leg.) jo (情) wo
shitte ; (not unaware) shochi de ;
(purposely) icaza to.

Knowledge, n. (cognizance) shochi
(承^); oboe ; ri/o/cai (了解); ko/co-
roe ; (learning) gakumon (學 問); chi-
shiki (知識) ; kemhun (見聞) ; (theore-
tical) gakuri (學理 ) ; <jaJ<mshild (學

human , jinchi (人- 智).

I have no of that matter,

sono koto wa chitto mo oboe ga nai.

Knuckle, n. (of a fiDger) yuU no
fushi ; te no fushi ; yuhi no tsxigai ;
sUkwanseisu (指鶬 節) ; (of knee-
joint) hiza no kwansetsu.

Knuckle, i.v. to under, kd-

fuku (降伏) s ; kuppuku (屈伏) s.

Koelreuteria paniculata, lo-
daiju (菩提樹).

Korea, n. v. Corea.

Kotow, n. koto (D 卩頭) ; halfuku (萍
服) ; tonshu (頓 首).

Kotow, i.v. koto s ; haljuku s ; ton-
shu s.

Kuinqiiat, n. klnkan (金ネ If).
Kuril e Islaiuls, Chishima,

L<al>el, n. fuda ; hari-gami ; hydsJd
紙) ; retteru ; (tag) sage-fuda ; fusen

Liabely t.v. niljuda wo tsuJce-ru ; ni/

hari-gami wo s.
Labial, n. sJiin-inji (唇 W^)’
Laboratory, n. sUkenjo (試驗 所);

shikenshitsu (it^ 室) ; (chemist’s)

seiyakujo (製藥 所).

Laborious, a. (of work) hone no ore-
ru ; nangi (難儀) no ; kitsui.

to be (of persons), yoku

hataraku ; yoku hone-oru.

Liaboriously, adv. hone-ofie ; rd-
ryoku shae.

Xjaboriousness, n. 7wne-ori ; ro-
ryokii ; nangi ; kinro (勤勞 )•

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 481 ]


Xiabour, n. shigoto ; (hard work)
hone-ori ; roeki (勞 役) ; (as opp. to
capital) roryoku (勞 力) ; (manual)
rbdb ; shieki (使役) ; (m prison) eki
[Cr. Co.]; teieki (定 役) [Cr. Co.];
(childbirth) san.

charge for (as oi)p. to mate-
rials), tema-ehin.

division of , bungyb (分業).

imprisonment witli hard ,

jiikinko (重禁錮) [Cr. Co.].

pains, (before delivery)

mukai-bara ; (actual) ikimi.
一… party, rodoto (勞働 饌).

question, roao-mondal (勞働

問題 )•

woman in , sampu (産婦).

Laljour, i.v. hone wo oru ; hone-otte
haiaraku ; sei (精) wo dasu ; roryoku
s ; (work) snigoto wo s ; (of mental
work) henkyo (勉 5 虽) s ; kinrd s ; (of
a woman in travail) ikimu.

the ing- classes, rddd-sha-

kioai 灘 派 會).

Lalbour, t.y. (a point in an argu-
ment) ronkyu (論究) s.

! Labourer, n. rddosha ; roddfu (勞働
夫) ; (coolie) ninsoku { 人足); nimpu
(人夫); (agricultural) ndfu (農夫);
(navvy) dokata ; kofu (工夫).

day , hiyotori.

exclusion of s, rddosha-hal-

seki (勞働 者 排斥).

Liatoour- savin g”, a, tema no hahuke-


Lialjyrintli, n. yawata-shiradzu ;
yawata no yabu.

Lace, n. (of a boot) himo ; (fabric) * ;

gold , kimmdru ; kinnui.

boots, amiage-gutsu.

silver , gimmdru.

Lace, t.v, kagaru ; (boots) no I himo
wo shime-ru.

Lacerate, t.y. kaki-saku.

Laceration, n. kiri-sake-kidzu ;
ressho (裂 蕩).

Laclie, n. irb (違 漏) ; datsurb (脫 漏).

Ijaclirymal, a duct, ndkican

(細’ 1 ― A、

g’land, ruisen (涙腺) ; rui-

んま w (涙 核).

Ijachrymose, a voice, nald-


Lack, n. fusoku (不足) ; ketsuho (欠
乏) ; koto-kaki,

liack, t.v. kaku.

JLacking”, a, to be in, ni/Imke-

ru ; nij ketsuho s.
Ijacquer, n. urushi ; (sprinkled with
gold dust) nashiji.

cherry , sakum-nuri ; sukie.

eggshell .,…., tamaijo-nurl.

gold , kim-makie.

green , seishitsu (靑 漆).

marlbled , Tsugaru-nurl.

raised , makie.

red , (carved) dzuishu (堆 漆);

(from Loochoo) Ryukyu-nuri.

Takamatsu , bunkido.

LaCQUer, t.v. urushi de nuru ; ? u/
urushi wo nuru.

ed chopsticks, nuri-hashi.

Lacquer- ware, n. nuri-mono ;

sUkki (漆器》
Ijactation, n. homj’a (nf 乳) •
Liacteal-rtuct, n. nyiiUkwan (乳 魔


liacuna, n. (in M. S.) datsuhun (3^

liad, n. wakamono ; wakalsM.

Ladder, n. hasMgo.

drill (of firemen), hashigo-


rope , naica-hashigo.

Lade, t.v. (a ship) nilni wo tsumu ; (a

horse) niini wo tsuke-ru ; (clip)

sukuu ; shakuu.

n with, woltsunda ; icojiosai

(搭載) shita [of a ship only].

Tjading*, n. funa-dzumi. _

bill of , :: く; funadzumi-shd ;

funani-shoken [Com. Co.] ; senka-
shoken (船荷 證券) ; hiJdkaesho.
Ladle, n. otama-jakushi ; shalcushi
i 燈).

hanging- , sarje-rampu ; tsuri-


kept burning’ all nigM,

(indoors) ariake-7’ampu ; (out-of-
doors) joi/a^o (常 夜燈 )•

safety , anzentd i^^f^).

street , gaito (街燈) ; drai m


Lampblack, n. yum 由烟 )•

liampoon, n. rakusho 書) ; (a
verse) rakushu (落首).

liamprey, n. yatsume-unagi.

Liampsliade, n. kasa.

Lance, n. yari.

butt of a , isiiidzukl.

bucket, yari no juto (受杳 )•

to break a with, (fig.), to/

chikara-lcurabe wo s.
Lance, t.v. (open with a lancet) ni/
Jcuchi wo ake-ru ; (cut with a lancet)

kiru ; nijhahari wo sasu ; senshi (穿
剌) s.

Lance-corporal, n. jdtdhel (上等

Lancer, n. soHhel (槍騎兵).
! Lancet, n. * ; habari ; hirahari.
liand, n. (as dist. from sea) riku ;
oka ; jikata ; (ground) tochi ; as,

ownership of , tochi-shoyuken

(土地 所有 ま) ; (piece of ground) ji-
men (地面 j.

arable , hata.

barren , seldchi (樓 地); yase-


“by , Hku de ; oka de ; rikvji

(陸路) de.

class of , chimoku (地目).

cultivable , dempata (fflll)-

forest , rinchi (林 地).

government , kicanyuchi (官

有 地).

lot of …… ,ヌ s ん 0( 地所).

pasture , maki-chi.

price of , chika (地價 )•

private-owned , minytichi

(民有 地).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 483 ]


rice , ta ; denji (田地).

unoccupied , aklchl ; kilchl


waste , kicochi (范 地).

JLaii(l, t.Y. (passengers) joriku (上陸)
sase-ru ; rlkn e ar/e-ru ; (things) riku-
(ige s ; ni-age s ; midzu-age s
[chiefly of timber lying in water],

Li ail (I, i.v. oka e agaru ; rUcu e agaru ;
jdrilcu s:

Laud-lbrces, n. rUaigun (陸軍).
Landing’, n. (of persons) joriku ; (of
goods) ni-age : rilcu-age ; (between
fliglits of stairs) chudari (i^^).

charge, niafje-ryd ; midzu-

age-chin. ‘

‘ party (naval), rikusentai (陸


place, agariha ; jorlkuha ;

(for goods) niageha ; a(jeba.

Liaiicllady, n. onna-aruji ; skufLi (主

Landlocked, a, rUcu de tsuisumare-

JLailfllord, n. (of ground) ji-nushi ;
(of a house) ie-nushl ; ya-nushi ; dya
[Tokio middle-class language] ; (of
an inn) teishu (亭主); shujin (主人).
and tenant, dya to ianako.

Ijandiiiark, n. (boundary) sakal-
gui ; kyokaihyo (境界標) ; (conspicu-
ous object) me-jirushi.

liandowner, n. ji-nushi.
liaiicl-rate, n. cMso-wari.
Ijaii(lscai>e, n. keshlkl ; keishoku
(景色); miharashi ; chobo {^M) ;
(m art) sansui (山水).

gardening, teienjufsu (庭園


I^audslip, n. yama-kudzure ; tsuchi-
kiidmre ; ji-suheri.

X<anfl-tax, n. chiso (地租) ; chlzei

Xjaiie, n. ko-inicJii ; hoso-mich i ; (be-
tween houses) roji (路 次).

Laiig’uag’e, n. kotoba ; penr/o (零
語) ; (mode of expression) ii-yd ; kojo

(口上); hanashi-kata ; as, rude ,

zonzai na ilyd.

English , Igirisu no kotoba ;

J%o( 英語). 一
foreign , r/icaikokiu/o (夕 卜國

語); 洋語)’.

Japanese , Mhongo (日本

; Mhon no kotoba ; (as opp. to
Sinico-Japanese) Wago (和語) ;
Yamato-kotolm. ―

literary , f/ar/en (flri”)-

national ,” kokugo (國 語).

Sanscrit , .Bongo 語).

study of s, yogaku (語

the spoken (colloquial),

ZOkuqO (俗語).

to use abusive , akko (惡 口)

wo iu.

to use violent , hogen (暴言)

ICO haku.

liailg’Uid, a. daruL

to “be , darake-ru.

Liaiig’uidly, adT. darakete.
Lianguidness, n. darakeru koto.
Languisli, (decline) otoroe-m ;
sulbi (衰微) s ; (of Tegetation) shiore-
ru. ‘

the war es, gunzei (軍勢) ga

oioroe-ru. •

lianguor, n. darusa,

Liaiiky, a. Idyoro-narjaL

Laiitern, n. chdchln (提燈 ) ; (used
by police sergeants, etc.) koshizashi-

dark , gcmdd-jdchm (雁 洞提

燈). *

Grifu , Gifu-joddn.

liand (on a short stick), hura-


on a pole, takahari-jochin.

procession, chochin-gydretsu

(提燈 行列). ■

magic , f/ento (幻燈) ; magic

slides, * ; f/ento れひ shash’m-e.

painted , bon-jochin.

plain (used at funerals),


red (round and small),


square (used to light a bed-
room), andon.

temple , tbrb (燈 籠) ; (of

stone) ts/ii-ddrd.

watchman’s , kakuto (角燈 )-

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 484 ]


IiaDyard.9 n. hiki-nawa ; hibo.
Lia-Perouse Strait, Soya-kaikyd

(宗谷 海峡),
liaotse, n. Roshi (老子).
! Lap, n. him [lit. knees].

Lap, i.Y. to over, kahusaru.

liap, t.v. (lick up) name-ru.
Liapiclary, n. tama-suri ; gyokko (玉

ェ )•

Ijapse, n. (of time) keikwa (經 過) ;
(from virtue) kokoroe-chigai.

after the of time, told wo hete.

of a right, shikken (失 權).

of memory, db-wasure.

Jjapse, i.v. (of time) utsuru ; keikwa
s ; (rail m duty) ayamachi wo s ; (of
a right, etc.) shometsu (f も’ 滅) s ; mu-
led (fe^j) ni nam.

liapsus linguae, u-sokonal
liapwing”, n. tageri ; nahegeri.
liarboard, n. iorl-kaji ; sagen (左 膨.
[Larceny, n. settd [Cr. Co.] ; set もら han

Ijarcli, n. (laidx leptolepis) kara-
matsu ; Fajimaisu ; NUckbymtsu.

liarrt, n. tuta no ahum.

juarder, n. niku-beya ; shokuryo-
shitsu (食料 室).

Large, a. dkll ; old na ; (extensive)
hiroi ; (thick) futoi ; in compounds

dai- or o- ; as, majority, dai-

tasu (大 多お ; bottle, d-Mn.

and small, daishd (大 /J、).

Liargely, adv. dku wa ; oki ni ; oi
7ii ; 《aA;i<s<:m 舉山 ) ?zi ; yohodo.

liarge-sized, a. d-gaia no.
Lark, n. (alauda japonica) hibarl.
liarkspar, a. hieiisd.
Liarva, n. shicha (f^ 蟲) ; (of a mos-
quito) hofura ; bofuri.

Ijaryii8:ismus, n. hahifu (馬 皮 風) ;

keirensei (痙 變’ l4) ; Icunlpu,
liaryngitis, n. kdtoen (喉頭炎).
Liarynx, n. koto.

Lascivious, a. inran (淫亂 ) ;
sukehei na ; m ula r i-ga m- 1 shii.

Lasciviously, adv. midari-gama’

! Lasciviousuess, n. inran ; sukebei,
Lasliy n. (of a whip) naf/a-himo.
Lia’sli, t.v. muchi-utsu.
Lassitude, n. darusa ; darid koto ;
(from illness) hird (疲勞 ) ; kentai (倦

Last, n. kutsu-gata ; kigata.

Last, a. sue no ; saigo (最後) no ;
(hindermost) ichiban ato no ; (most
recent) ichiban atarashu ; saikin (最
近) no ; (next before the present)

Icono mae no ; as, Monday,

kono mae no getsuyohl.

at , yoyo ; yoyo no koio de ;

yatto ; ybyaku ; (eventually) isui

the night before , ototol no

ban ; issakuban (一昨 0_^) ; the

montli before , sensengetsu

(先々 月); the year before ,

issakunen (一昨年).

for the week, isshakan (一

週間) mae kara ; for tlie 2

months, ni-ka-getsu mae kara.

news, ichihan ehikai tayori.

nigh-t, saJcuya (昨夜) ; yazm

(夜前); sakuhan (昨 ま; yube ; …
… moDth, ato-getsu ; sengetsu (先
月 ) ; k 請 etsu (去月); …… year,

kvonen ; salcunen.

train, shuressha (終 夕 車) ;


will and testament, sair/o

(最後) れ yidgonsho (遣 言 書). ‘

the time X went, Jcono mae

ni itta toki ; the book you pro-
mised me the time you

came, Jcono aida o ide no toki ひ

yakusoku no hon ; this is the

time I shall come here, m5
/core (jm koJco e Iconai.

the very , saUjo no ; ichiban

shimai no.

this is the (of a ntimber),

kore de shimai da.

to the item, hitoisu mo noko-


to the man, hitori 動 noko-

mdzu [nom,] ; hitori mo mkosadzu

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 485 ]


Ijast, i.Y. (of perishable articles)
motm ; (continue) tsudmku ; (hold
out) icaVsukai-de ga am ; as, this

soap has ed a long time, kono

shahon u’a taiso tsukai-de ga aita.

his good fortune cannot ,

un ga it (/a naga-mochi wa nai.

the conversation ed 2

hours, damm wa mjikan nl watat-

ta ; the war ed into the

third year, ikusn wa sannen nl

Lasting*, a. ekn (永遠) no ; eikyu (永
久) no.

La st ill gS, ayagoro.

crape , hagoro (田 半吳呂 ).

Lastly, adv. saigo (最後) ni.

Latch, n. kake-gane.

Ijatcliet, n. (of a Japanese clog)

Late, a, osoi ; (not long pas り klnrai
(ffi 來) no ; chikagoro no ; kon’aida
no ; (deceased) ko (故); (now out of
office) sen (先) no ; zen (前) (no) ; as,

the Minister for Foreign

Affairs , zen-gwaimudaij’m.

comer, chisansha (遲参 者).

rice, oku-te ; oku.

riser, am-nebb.

of years, Idnnen (近年).

to be , (tardy) okure-rii ;

(arrive late, of goods ordered, etc.)


to be too , ma ni awanai ;

(for the train, etc.) oii/iiori-okure-

ru ; it IS too now, mo ma ni


to get , OS oku nam ; (in tlie

day) hi ga kure-ru.

Late, adv. osolcu.

how ? (till what hour) nanfi


flowering”, oso-zaki no ;

okiire-zaki no.

in life, hannen (晚 年) ? li natte.

of , chikagovo ; Icono goro ;

Jdnrai (i^ 來) ; s ひたた cm (昨今) ; kwa-
‘ hanrai ,
to be under the influence of
……. shuki (酒 氣) wo ofji-ru.

liiquorice, n. (root) kdnzo (甘草) ;
(preparation) dzuhoto.

Liisp, i.v. v:a]shita ga mawaranu,

Lfissom, a. shinayaka na.
JUist, n. (selvedge) mimi ; (catalogue)
imkuroku (目 |S) ; (of items) kuchi-
(jaki ; meisai-gaki (胡 系 ffl 書).

army , teinen-meibo (丁年 名


civil , Jm5shUsu-hi 、墓 室奶.

of articles, shina-gaki ;

kado-gaki ; himmoJcu (品目).

of persons, seimeihyd (姓名


pay , hokyil-shiharaiho (俸給

支拂簿 ).

to be on the active , gen-elci

(現役) nifuku (服) s.

to go on the retired , tal-

shoku (退職) s.

to place on the unemployed

, nilkynshoku (休職) wo me リレ


List, n. to have a (of a ship),


Listen, i.Y. kiku ; (attend) yoku kiku;
(of eaYes-dropping) tachi-gilci s.

[Listless, a. Id no tsukanu ; mu-ton-
jaku (無 ll 着) na ; (languid) darui.

Listlessly, adv. mu-tonjaku nl ;
uwa-no-sora de.

Listlessiiess, n. mu-tonjaku.

Liitany, n. * ; tangioan (歎 M)’

Literal, a. moji-jd (文字 上) no.
translation, chokuyaku

譯 )•

Literally, adv. kotoha-don iiL
liiterary, a. hungaku no ; hunsho-
fekl (^^^的) “0 ; bungakii-teki no.

examination (as opp. to

med. exam.), gaJcujutsu-shiken (學

術 試 驗). : ―、

expression, gagen (雅 g).

society, hungakukwal (; 5C 學

– 會).

Literature, n. hungaku.

Chinese , kangaku (漢學 )•

doctor of , bum , ‘ ,

(文學 博士).

western , yogaku (洋學 )•

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


C 501 ]


JLitliic acid, nydsau (尿酸).

liitliograpli, n. sekihan.

liitliograpllic, a. sekihan-zuH no.

Liitliograpby, n. (process) sekihan ;
(art of) sekibanjutsu (石版 術).

Ijitliotomy, n. saiseJdjuisu (截石 術).

Xjitig’ious, a. soshd-zuki na.
person, kujishi.

Ijitigiousness, n. soshd-zuJcl 龍

Ijitispeiideiice, n. kenri-kdsoku

(灌利 拘束) [Civ. Pro.].
Xjitre, n. appi’ox. equiv. to gogdhan

(五合 半).

JLiltter, n. (young) ko ; (horse’s)
ne-ioara ; hiki-wa.ra ; (rubbish) (jomi ;
(stretcher), fsuri-dai.

spring” , haru-go,

summer , natsu-go.

Xjitter, t.v. (put into disorder) chira-

liitterateur, n. hungeika (文藝 家),
Ijlttlc, n. sukoshi ; chitto ; shosho ;
sasho (些少) ; kinsho (僅少).

a at a time, sukoshi dzutsu.

a very , loadzuka ; hon no

icadzuka ; isasaka.

by , sukoshi dzutsu ;

(gradually) shidai-shidai (次第 々 々 i


Xjlttle, a. cJmsai ; chiisa na.

birds, ko-tori

Xiiturgy, n. haireishikibun [f^i^^

liive, i.v. (have life) iki-ru ; (dwell)
oru ; sumu ; sumau ; sumai wo s :

(pass one’s time) kurasu ; as, to

in ease, mku (樂) ni kurasu.

a person not fit to , ikashUe

okarenai mono ; f ienchikan (天地
間) m iru-bekarazani mono.

a place to in, i-dokoro.

as long as I , wataJcushi no

inochi aru lca(im wa ; zommeichii
(i^ 命中) 観; (an exclamation of
aDger) ore no me ga kuroi uchi tea.

has “but a short time to ,

icasakl ga mijikaL

is still ing, zommei shite oru.

to let , ikasu.

to alone, Mtorl’zumal ico s ;

dokkyo (獨 居) s.

to apart, hekkyo (別居) s,

to by (maintain one’s self

by), dejkvuakkei wo tafe’ru ; de/

to on (feed on), ico/tabete

seikwatsu (生;^) s ; de/ inochi wo

to together, dolcyo (同居)

to witli, to/ddkyo s ; (cohabit

with) io/issho (一 處) 《i kurasu,

Live, a. ikita ; (burning) hi no t suite
oru ; okotte oru.

Livelihood, n. seikwatsu (生活);
selkel (生計) ; kurashi ; kwakkei (活
It) ; kurashl-miiJci.

a is got, seikwatsu, etc., ga


means of , iosei (渡世) ;

kurashi-kata ; (calling) kagyd (家

業); り (商 寶). ‘

to gain a bare , wadzuka ni

koko (糊 口 ) れ ‘0 s.

to work for one’s , kasegu.

Liveliness, n. (of a place, spectacle,
etc.) hankwa (繁華) ; (of persons)
yoki (陽 氣); Id no karui koto.

Ijively, a. nig ill ah % na ; sakan na ;
hankwa na ; (of persons) hi no karui ;
yoki na.

l^iver, n. kimo ; kanzd.

colour, yolcan-iro.

.:…. complaint, kanzobyo (肝臓

liiverwort, n. smcamasd.

Livery, n. shikise.

Livid, a, ao-zameta.

Living”, a. iJcita ; in compounds iki-,

creature, ikimono.

room, i-ma.

things, seibutsu (生物).

Liiviug”, n. (estate) shindal (臭 代);
shinsho (身上); t. also liivelihood.

to eke out a scanty , romei

(露 isuilagu.
Liizarcl, n. tokage ; (gecko) yamon.

Hosted byV^OOQle


[ 502 ]


Xiizard’s-tall, n. (bot.) hageahb ;

lili. £>., hogaku-hakase (法學 博士).

liOacli, n. yanagi-dojo ; dojd.

liOad, t.v. (on board a ship) tsumu ;
tsnmi-ire-ru ; isumi-komu ; funa-dzumi
s ; (a horse, etc.) m/m wo tsuke.ru ;
(a gtm) ni/tama wo kome-ru ; ni/tama-
qome wo s ; nijiensb (jgj 装) s.

liOad, n. (btirdeii) ni ; (a coolie’s) a.n.
katsugi ; (a horse’s) a.ii. da.

a heavy , omo-ni.

a carried by two coolies

(on a pole), sashi-ni.

liOacling’, n. (of a ship) funa-dzumi ;
(of a gun) tama-gome.

and unloading” (of cargo),


liOadstone, n. jishakuseki (磁石 石).

liOai; i.v. (spend one’s time idly)
asunde oru ; guzu-guzu shite hi wo
okuru ; (loiter) hura-hura aruku.

liOaf, n. a (of bread), pan Mtotsu,

or hito katamari.

half a is better than no

“bread, natsu mo ko-sode.

liOater, n. gorotsuki ; naradzu-mono ;

yado-nashi ; furdsha (浮浪者).
Jjoal-sug’ar, n. kaku-zatd ; hd-zaio.
liOaiu, n. aka-tsuchi ; hane-tsuchi.
liOan, n. kari ; (borrowed money)
shakkin (借金).

foreign , gwaisai (タト 債).

for consumption, shdhi-

taishaku (消費 貸借) [Civ. Co.].

may I nave the of? waj

haishaJcu (拜 借) ひ a dekimashd ka.

public , kosai.

to advance a , mae-gashi s.

war , gunji-kdsai (軍き 公債).

liOailie, t.v- imi-kirau ; dai-kirai da
pE. obj. + J. subj.].

liOatliing, n. to have a feeling’

of , wamuiie ga mukatsuku,

or muka-muka s.

liOatlisome, a. (disgusting) iya na ;
(filthy) kitanar’ashii.

Lol>e, n. (anat.) yd (葉).

of the ear, mimi-idbu.

Lobster, n. (palinurus) ise-eU.

Lol>、voi*m, n. gokai.

L/Ocal, a. (of a particular place) itchi-
hd (一地 方) no ; chihd no ; tochi (土 地)
no ; (confined to a part) Icyokubu-teki
(局部 的) no.
bureau of administra-
tion, chihokyoku は & 方 局).

, authorities, chitiokwan (地

方 官).

congestion, kyoku bu-j iiketsu

(局部 充血).

court (for petty cases), ku-

saihansho (區 裁判 声 J?).

sell-g-overnme^t, chihd-

j’ic ん; (地方自治).

Locality, n. hen ; chihd ; tochi.

the wliere (a person or

thing) is, no shozaichl (所在地).
Locate, t.v. oku ; (determine the
position of) tolmi-sadaim’ru.

to be d in, nijlcural s.

Location, n. (act of placing) oku
koto ; (situation) ichi (位置); basho

liOCk, n. (of liair)/wsa; (fastening)
jo ; jdmae [pron. jdmai] ; (the key of
which turns) neji-jd ; (the key of
which is thrust in) tsukidashi-jd ; a

broken in which the key turns

without catching is called a sora-jo. .

Lock, t.v. nijjo wo orosu ; ni/kagi icq

to up, (as money) shimai-

Icomu ; (a person) toji-kome-ru.

Lock, i.v. to up (of premises),

io-jimari wo s ; jo wo orosu.
Lock-gate, n. sidmon (ホ P3) ; た 5-

mon (閘 門).
L/OCk-liOSpital, n. haidoku-hydin

(徽毒 病院); /^MZ>”ii” (騸繳 院). ‘
L/OClijaw, n. gakwaii-kinkyu (牙 關繁

急) ; hashofa (被 風) [applicable to

any form of tetanus].

ILock-out, n. dbmel-lcyugyd (同盟^

Locksmith, n. jomaes/u ; jdmaeya.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 503 ]

L«ock-up, n. ryuchijo (留置 所).

Locomotion, n. undbryoku :).

artillery, kaigun-hdliei (海軍


bureau, kicansen-kyoku (管

船 局).

insurance, kaijo-hoken (海

上 保險) [Com. Co.].

insurance company, kaijo-

hoken-gwalsha (海上 保險會 社).

insurance policy, kaijo-

hoken-keiyaJcu (海上 保險 契約).

plant, kaiso (海-草).

products, kaisan (海 產);

suisan (水 產).

local office (at a small port),


Marine, n. (collective shipping) sem-
paku (1516) ; (soldier) sidhei (tK 兵)
[includes bluejackets] ; kaigunhei ま
軍兵) ; kaihei (‘海兵). •

mercantile , shdsen (p 二 1 船).

Mariner, n. suifu (7jc 夫) ; (including
the master) sen-in (お 晨) [Com. Co.].

,s compass, hobari-jishaku

(方針 磁石).

notice to s, sulro-kokushi 冰

路 告示).

Marionette, n. ningyd [A

Maritime, a. (bordering o
enkai 海) no : kaihen (;
umihe no ; (pertaining to
fairs) kaiji (海事) no ; (per
navigation, etc.) kbkaijb (渐
(pertaining to the ocean) 1″

authorities, kwan

chb (管 海 官廳) [Com. Co.]

congress, kaijtkim. 、(。ぶ 甲 百/.

law, kaijoho (海上法).

matters, kaiji (海 齊).

nations, kaikoku け每國 )•

Marjoram, n. *.

Mark, n. (character put on an article
by the maker) insho (Ep^:) ; gokuin
(極印); (dot) なれ (點 ) ; (high position)
keniatsu (顯 達) ; (in an examination)
ten ; (on a scale) me ; (standard) hyo-
jun (標, 準) ; (symptom) shirushi ; Jiyo-
ielci (標的); (target) mato ; (trace of
something that has ceased to be) ato ;
konseJci {^y^) ; inkon (fpf^) ; ( visible
sign on anything) shirushi ; Jcigo (記
號) ; 】cihyd (記 標) ; me-jirushi.

a man oi , keniatsu no hiio ;

kiken (贵顯 ).

full s, manten (滿霱 も).

for a channel, miyo-gui.

private , ai-jirushl ; facho


to be beside the , fuleJcitd

(不 M 當) o/ru ; futekisetsu (不適
切) c/e aru.

to hit the , tekichu (適 中) s ;

meichu (命中) s.

to mafce one’s , m ほ o age’

ru ; idkaku (頭: f^) wo araicasu.

trade , shohyo (商標).

Mark, n. (St.) Mako.

Mark, t.v. (affix a mark) niJ shirushi
ICO tsuke-ru ; ni/ien wo utsu ; (leave
a trace) ni/ato ico nokosu.

to time, (with the feet) ashi-

hyoshi ICO torn ; (mil.) ashl-bumi ico

to out, shitei (指定) s ; sashi-

shimesu ; (notice) ml-tome’ru.

Marker, n. (for a game) kadzutori ;
(in a game) *.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 521 ]


Marked, a. (noticeable) ichijirusJiii ;
chomei (奢 名) na ; medatia.

Markedly, adv. iehijirushiku ; cho-
mei ni ; medatsu hoclo.

Market, n. (meeting of people for
trade) ichi ; (opportunity for selling
anything) sabake-kuchi ; hake-kuchi ;
hanro (阪路 ) ; (public place) ichiba ;
shijo (ffj 蕩) ; (sale) hake-kata ; (traffic)
baibai (寳 買) ; uri-kai ; koeki i 交易).

articles for the Tokyo …….

Tokyo-muki no shinamono.

price, soba.

town, ichi no iafsu mcichi.

none in th.e , shina-gire.

to go to , kai-mono ni iku.

Marketable, a. muki no yol ; hake
no yoi ; ure-kuchi no ii.

Marking*, n. (arrangement of marks
and colouring) shima-gara.
ink, ahura-zumi.

Marksman, n. shasJm (昏] “手) ;
(good) shateki (財 的) no ineijvn (名人).
Marl, n. deikaxseU (泥 灰 石),
Marlinspike, n. nawabari.
Marmot, n. yama-nedzumi.

Marque, n. letters of , .shi-

ryakxi-menjb (私 掠 免 狀).

Marquetry, n. yoseki.
ware, yoseki-zaiku.

Marquis, n. kdshaku (侯 If).
A, A-ko.

Marquisate, n. kdshaku,

Marriag-e, n. konrei (婚禮 ) ; kek-
kon (結婚) ; kon-in (婚姻) [Civ. Co.] ;
engumi ; yome-in.

ceremony, kekkon-shiki (結

婚 式); konrei-shiki (婚禮 式); [the
Japanese marriage ceremonv is
called sansankudo (三三九度)].

into the woman’s family

(in Japan), nyufu-kon-in (人 失 力 昏姻)
[Ciy. Co.] ; nyiifu.

proposal (in Japan made to

the girl’s parents), endan (緣談 )•

private , imishugen f 內! £ 言).

second , salkon (再

to give in (a woman), yome

ni yaru ; endzuke’ru ; katadzuke-i^u.

Marriag^eable, a, toshigoro no.

Married, a. endzulta ; konrei shita ;
(of a man) kanai-mochi no ; yusai (有
妻) no ; (of a woman) teishu- (亭 i)-
moehi no ; yufu (有夫) no.

Marrow, n. zui (髓) ; kotsuzui (骨
髓) ; (essential part) seibun (精 分 ‘j ;
sui [p^).

Mar r o w-1) on e , n. zuikotsu (髓’

Marry, t.v. (dispose of in wedlock,
a daughter) katadzuke-ru ; endzuke-
ru ; yome ni yaru ; soicase-ru ; (of
the man or woman) tolJcekkon {^Wt)
s; to/kon-in 4) ; (highest point)
saidaiten も) ; saikoten (晕高

簠 も) ; kyokudo (極度) ; (highest price)
saikbka ; (of number) saidaisu (最大
數) ; (of quantity, etc.) kyolcudairyd
(極大 量).

thermometer, saiko-kan-

dankei (最高 寒暖計).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 526 ]


May, n. (month) gogicatsu (五月).

May, a.Y. (a.) expressing ability is re-

(1.) By the intrans. verb in -e-ru.

(2.) By the pass, verb in -are-ru.

(3.) By the indie, pres. foil, by koto
ga deki’ru.

(b.) Expressing moral power, lib-
erty, is rendered by the gerund
foil, by mo yoi,

and when interrogative
by koto clekimasno Jca after the
pres. indie, or by mo yoi ka.

(c.) Expressing contingency is ren-
dered by the future,
by ka mo shirenai after the verb,
or, .
in sense of ” it is just possiole
that ” by mono de mo nai after the
neg. future.

be it as it , nani shiro ;

idzure ni mo shiro ; sore wa, to mo
Icaku mo.

have (expressing con-
tingency), past tense foil, by ka
mo shirenai.

it “be fine I tenki (天 氣) ni

shitai man’ da.

you Tbe happy ! dozo o

shicnrase no yoi yd ni [negaimasu,
the verb, is understood].

you not do that, so shite

u’a ikenai.

Maybe, adv. koto ni yoru to ,
osoraku ica ; bkata.

Mayfly, n. kaiomho.

Mayor, n. (of a citj)fuchd (府 具) ; (of
an urban subdivision) knehd (は. 長);
(of a town) shicho ; chocho (町長) ;
(of a village) soncho (村長) [formerly
called kocho (戸 長)],
assistant , joyaku (助役).

Maze— n. (confusion of thought)
mayoi ; kommei (胥 冥) ; honyari shite
oni koto ; (labyrinth) yaicata-shira-
dzu ; tsudzura-ori.

Mazily, adv. (fig.) mayoite ; honyari
shite ; (winding) magari-kunette.

M. D” irjakM-haJcase (醫學 博士).
Me, pron. expr. by I (q. y.) foil, by

Meadow, n. makiba ; bokuchi {^^CM)-
Meadow-sweet, n. repr. by shi 鶴-

isuke-sd ; kusa-shimotsuke .
Meagre, a. (destitute of richness)
mazushii ; usui ; (thin) yaseta ; yase-

Meagrely, adv. mazushiku ; to ひ o-

Meagreness, n. equiv. of Meagre

foil, by koto.
Meal, n. (flour) kona ; in compounds

-ko ; (repast) shokuji (食事) ; gozen

mm)’ , 7

buckwlieat , soba-ko.

evening’ , yuhan (夕飯).

last , kui-osame.

mid-day , hirulian ; hiru.

morning’ , asahan.

stand-up , risshoku ( な 食).

two s a day, nljiki (二食).

wlieaten , udonko.

Mealy, a. saku-saku shita ; hoku-

hoku shita.
Mealy-mouthed, a. ii-maicashi no
jodzu na.

Mean, a. (average) heikin (平均) na- ;
(base) iyashii ; hikutsu (^^Jg) na ;
(common) karui ; gesen (下賤) na ;
(jehin (Ton) na ; (in the middle) chu-
kurai no ; (ordinary) nami-nami no ;
(stingy) kechi na ; rimhoku (吝裔 )

the price, chii-nedan ;

nakaba no nedan ; heikin-nedan.
Mean, n. (average) heikin (平均) ;
nami ; nakaba ; (intermediate agen-
cy) tedate.

s, (resources) shiryoTcu (資力) ;

shinslio (臭 上); (to an end) shudan

(手段) ; hdhen (方便).

s of subsistence, seikwatsu

(生活) no ま 資料).

hy all s, zehi to mo ; nani-

bun ; dozo.

by all the s in one’s

power, chikara no oyobu dake ;
isshd-kemmei (—生 懸命]

by any s, do shite mo.

by s of, ni yotte ; ni yori.

“by no s, kesshite ; do shite

mo ; naka-naka ; shosen 勿學者 •) ; klnseJd-gakusha .

Mineralogy, n. kwobutsugaku ; kin-

Ming’le, t.Y. maze-ru ; konjl’ru ; kon-
dd (i^l^) s ; komjd 合) s] kakl-

Mingle, i.v. (in society) majiwaru ;
kosai (交際) s ; tsuki-au ; (of things)
kongo s ; maji’ru ; konji-ru ; kondb
s ; konko s.

Miniature, n. (reduced drawing)
shukudzu i^M)’
in , kogata ni.

Miniature, a. (very small) saihi (細
St) れひ.

that child is a …… copy of
his father, a?io ko tea otottsan ico
chijimete utsushita yo aesu.

Minim, n. (miis.) nihu-ompu (二分 音
符) ; (liquid measure) a. n. teki (齒 ).

Minimize, t.v. gokushd (極 少) ni s ;
(of number) gokushdsu (極 少數) ni s.

to danger, goku abunage-

nashi ni s ; naruheku abunaJca nai
yd ni s.

Minimum, n. (of amount) saisno-
gaku (最少 額) ; (of degree) saiteido
(最低 度) ; (of number) saishdsu (最 zj、
數) ; (of quantity) saishdryd. (最, J、
量). .
Minimum, a. saitei (最低).

price, saikakaku (最下 額).

thermometer, saitei-kan-

dankei (最低 寒暖計).

]>Iiniii|5、, n. (industry) kwdgyd (碟 業) ;
(science) saikwocjoku (採 {^’_^).

“bureau, kwozan-kyolcu.

rights, kicdzan-saikuisuken

(礦山 採掘 靡).
Minion, n. (fawning dependant) hei-

ヌれ (嬖 人).
Minister, n. (diplomatic) koshi (公
使) ; (officiating in church) kwaishi
(會師 ) ; (of religion) kyoshi (教師) ;
(of state) daijin ; Jcokumu-kav)i7i (國
務 大臣).

for the Colonies, taku-

shokumu-daij in (拓?^!務大 臣).

of Agriculture, nomu-daijin

(霞務 大臣).

of Agriculture and Com-
merce, noshdmu-daijin (裊 簡務大

of Communications, tei-

shin-daijin (遞信 大臣).

of Education, momhu-da^jm

(文部大臣). ,
of Finance, dJcura-daijm (大

藏^ 臣 )•

of Foreigrn Affairs, gwaimu-

da; ヌれ. (外務大臣).

of Home Afiairs, naimu-

daijin (内務大臣).

of Justice, shi/io-daijin (nj

法 大臣). ^
of Marine, kaigun-daijm (海

軍 大臣).

of the Imperial House-
hold, kunal-daijin (宫 内大臣)’
of War, rikugun-davjin (陸軍

大臣). ,
plenipotentiary, zenken-

koshi (全權 公使).

resident, benri-kdshi (辨理 公


Hosted by Google


[ 540 ]


_ Prime , sori-daijin (總 理大

S) ; shusho (首相) ; saisho (き 相).

Vice (of a state department)

jikwan (次官) ; somu-chokwan (總、
務 長官) [term used in Japan from
1900 to 1903].

[Formerly the chief s of state

in Japan were called Daijo-daijiUj
. Sadaijin and Udaijin],

Minister, i.v. to to, nllshikya

支給) s ; nilkyiiyo (給 與) s.

Minister, t.y. wo/shikyu s ; wojkyu-

yo s.

Ministerial, a. daijln (大臣) れ o ;
(of the Cabinet) naikaku (內齒 ) no.

a crisis, naikaku-kikyu (危

急) no toki.

secretariat, daijin-kwamho

(大臣 官房).

Ministry, n. naikaku ; (of the
Church) seishoku (聖職 )•

of Agriculture and Com-
merce, ndshbmushb {%^^^)’

of Communications, iei-

shinsho (遞信 省).

of jScLucation, momhusho (文

部 省).

of Finance, okiirashd (大藏


of Foreign Affairs, gwai-

musJio (外務省).

of Home Affairs, naimusho


of Justice, shihosho (“^法


of Marine, Icaigunshb (‘海軍


of the Imperial House-
hold, kunaishb (宫內 省).

of War, rikugunsho (陸軍省).

under A’s , A. no shiseichu

(施攻 中)? li.
Miuiimi, n. enian 丹)’
Minor, n. miteinensha (未丁年 者);
miseinensha (未成年者) [Com. Co.,
Civ. Co.].

Minor, a. (inferior) ototta ; retto (劣
等) na.

Minority, n. (of age) mUeinen ; mi-
seinen ; (of persons) shosii (タ 数) ;
(persons forming) shosiisha (^Sji).

Mint, n. (for coining money) zdkei-
kyoJai ; (herb) hakka (薄荷),
pepper , hakka.

Mint, t.Y. chuzo (鑲 造) s.
Mint-master, n. zdhei-kyokucho

(造幣局 長).
Mmt-sauce, n. hakka no sosu.

Minus, a. (less) the verb hiku is
used ; as,

six four leaves two, roku

kara shi wo hikeba ni nokoru.

a sigTi, gensu-kigo (减數 記

號) ; hikizan no shirushi.
Minute, a. (detailed) kuicashii ; sai-
mitsu (糸 田 密) na ; memmUsu (綿密)
na ; isai (ま 系 HI) na ; shbsai
na ; (little) sasho (些少) na ; (precise)
seilcaku (Ij^ 確) na ; seisai (き 細) 7m ;
kichomen na ; (very small) komakai ;
saibi no ; wadzuka
no aida no ; (occuring every mo-
ment) kokkokiL (亥!!々) no.

to “be in expectation, imci

ka ima ka to matsu.

Momeiitoiis, a. jndai (重ゾ く〉 na ;
ydi-miranu ; jilyd (重-要) na ; taisetsu
(大切) 鶴 ; daiji na ; kin-yd na.

Momeiitoiisn ess, n. judai ; juyd ;
taisetsu ; fcm-yd ; yoi-naranu koto.

Momentum, n. ddryoku (動力);
hadzumi ; daryoki” 惰力); (fig.) fci おひ
(騎 虎) れ ikioi ; (quantity of motion)
doryo (動量).

Momordica cliarantia, isuru-

Monarch, n. kunshu (君主) ; o
(王) ; Jcokkun (g-^).

Monarchical, a. rikkun-seijl no ;
dsei no ; kunsei no ; kunshu-koku no,

Monarcliy, n. rikkun-seiji (立 政
、冶) ; kunsei (君 政) ; kunshu-sei (君主
政) ; (country) oJcoku ; kunshu-kolm
(君主 國 )•

absolute , Icunstiu-sensei-

seitai (君主- | 制 政體) ; kunshu –
dokusai-seiji (君主 51 裁 政? 台).

constitutional , rikken-

kunshu-seiji (立憲君主政? 台); rik –

limited , kummin-ddn-seln

(君民 同時 政治).
Monastery, n. iera ; ji-in (寺院).
Monday, n. getsuybU (月曜日).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 548 ]

Monetary, a. Jcinsenjd (金錢 上) no ;
rizaijd (理1^上) no ; kwahei (貨幣) no.

system, kwahei-seido (貨幣


unit, fcioa7iei-7io”-i (貨幣 本位).

Monetization, n. equiv. of Mone-
tize foil, by koio.

Monetize, t.v. tsukwa (通貨) ni s ;
tsuyo (通用) sase-ru.

Money, n. kane ; Icinsen (金 錢) ; kin-
su (金 丰) ; (currency) kwahei (貨幣) ;
tsukwa {^W.

can “be had lor , kane-shidal

, da.

paper , shihei (紙幣) ; satsu.

ready , genkin (現 ^) ; sokkin


that man is free with, his

, ano Into wa kane-dzukai ga


■chere’s in it, kane ga moka-


to “be hard up for , kane-

dzumari ni naite oru.

to gain , kane wo mdJce-ru ;

wd]kane ga mokaru. •

to lose : , sonkin (撗 金) s,

to raise , kane v)o saikaku

(ォ覺 )

Money-bag-, n. sa;fu (財布) ; kane-

Money-box, n. zeni-hako ; kane-

Money-broker, n. kingln-naJcagai.

Money-cliang-er, n. ryogae-^a.

Money-lender, n. kane-hashi ;
(usurer) kdri-kashi.

Money-lending-, n. kashi-kin ;
(usury) kdri-kashi.

Moneyless, a. kane no nai ; musen
(無 錢) no.

Money-maker, n. cMkuzaika (蓄
財 家) ; kane-dzukuri [slightly con-

Money-making-, n. zeni-mdke ;

Money-making-, a. zeni-mdke no ;
Jcane-mdice no ; (lucrative) kane nl
naru ; mokaru ; zeni ni imru.

Money-market, n. Hnyu-shijb (金
融 市場).

Money-matters, n. keimi (輝 濟) ;
(lending and borrowing) kashi-kari
no koto.

Money-order, n. (postal) yfihin-
kawase ; (telegraphic) denshin-

Mongolia, n. * ; Mdko (蒙古).

Mongolian, a. MoJw no ; Mongdria

Mongolian, n. Mbkojin ; Mongdria-

Monitory^ a. kelkal (警戒) ni naru.

Monk, n. .90 (ft) ; osho (和 尙) ; sdryo
(ft 侶); s7i まお e (出家).

Monkey, n. saru ; yam (野猿).

Monkey-flower, n, mizo-hddzuki.

Monkey-slipper, n. (crape-myitle)

Monkshood, n. v. Wolfbane.

Monoclioria vaginalis, midzu-

Monochromatic, a. hito-iro no ;
tanshoku no ; tansai no.

Monoclirome, n. tanshoku-gwa (單
色 窗); 力 tm’sa^ ヮ ( 單彩鳌 )• ■

Monogamy, n. ippu-ippu (一失一
婦) ; ippu-issai (一夫 一妻).

Monog’ram, u. tcumi-awase-moH.
Monosrrapli, n. semmon-romhun (奪
門 論文).

MonoliTll, n. ippon-ishi no sekihi (石

Monologue, n. hiton-goto.
Monomania, n. henkyb (漏 狂).
Monomaniac, n. henkydsha (漏 狂

者). ‘
Monometallism, n. tan-hon-i-sei

(單 本位 制) •
Monopolist, n. dokusensha (獨

者) ; (of an article or trade) semhal-

shci (- #寶 者) ; sengydsha (專 業者).

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[ 549 ]


Monopolize, t.v. (buy up) kai-shime-
ru ; (engross) dokusen (獨 占) s ;
hitori-shime ni s ; (of a trade) sengyd
s ; (of selling) semoai (-募 買) s.

Monopoly, n. semhalken (寡 寶灌) ;
sengydken (專 業 ffi) ; dokusenken
占 權); semhai-tokkyo (- 專寶 特許) ; (ex-
clusive possession) roaan ; dokusen ;

Monosyllabic, a. hito-tsudzurl no ;
(short) tanjun (i 純) na.

Monosyllabically, adv. (shortly)
tanjun nl.

Monosyllable, n. hUo-isudzuH no

Monotlieism, n. isshinkyo (一 神
教) ; iitsu-shlnkyd (唯 一神教).

MoilOtlieist, n. isshinkyo-ro nsh a
(一神教 論者) ; Utsii-shinkvd-7’onsha
(唯 一神教 論者).

Monotone, n. tan-on (單 昔) ; jun-on
m (純 音) ; tanchb (單 調).

Monotonous, a. (generally) tal-
kutsu (退屈) 7ia ; shushi-ichiyo (終
始 ー樣) 狐 ; (of singing, etc.)
iiehoshi (一 調子) no ; tan-on no ; jun-
on no ; yoJcuyo (廿 |) 揚) no nai ; tancho
na ; fuslii-nastii ni ndbetsu no.

Monotony, n. eqniv. of Monoto-
nous foil, by koto.

Monsoon, n. kiJcdfil (氣候 風).

Monster, n. kwaibutsu (怪物) ; igyd
(異形) na mono ; (person of tmnatural
wickedness) nimpinin (人非人).

Monster, a. (very large) kyodai (巨
大) no.

ship, kyosen (巨船).

Monstrous, a. (abominable) keshi-
karanu ; (dreadful) osoroshii ; osoru-
heki ; (extraordinary) kwai-i (魁偉)
na ; (of shape) igyd na ; (of size)
kyodai no.

Moiltli, n. tsuJcl ; [the s are

called shogwatsu (iE>p), 1st month,
and after that the Chinese numerals
are pref. to rjwatsu ; the 11th and 12th

are often called shimotsuki and shi-

icasu s of 31 days are termed

dai no tsuki, those of 30 days or less
sho no tsuki. The 1st, 2nd, and 3rd

period of 10 days in a are called

respectively j5 夕 tm (上旬); chujun (中
旬), and gej 職 (下 を)].

s and days, tsuMiL

tour s, yotsuki ; shi ka getsu.

(四 ヶ月).

how many s ? nan ga getsu

(何 ヶ月); tsuki.

last , kyogetsu (去月); scn-

getsu (先月); ato-getsu.

after next, sa-migetsu.

next , raigetsu (來月 ).

the beginning of a , tsuki-


the end of a , tsuki-zue.

this , kongetsu (今月); hon-

getsu (本 月 ) ; き jetsu (當为 ).

three s, mi-tsuki ; san ga

getsu [all others take ka getsu].

Montlilies, n. v. Menses.

Monxlily, a. tsuH-dzuki no ; malgetsa
(每 月) no ; (performed in a montn)
ikkagetsukan (一ヶ月 間) no.

salary, geppd (お 捧) ; gelclciju


Montlily, n. (magazine) gekkan-
zasshi (月刊 雜誌

Montlily, adv. tsuki-dzuki ; mai-
» getsu ; maitsuki.

Montravel Island, (Korea) Tard-

Monument, n. (memorial) kinen
(紀 念) ; (pillar) hi ; kinenhi (紀念 ;
seJcihi t 石碎) ; (tomb) sekihi (石 ;
seJcito (石塔).

Monumental, a. (serving as a
memorial) kinen no.

inscription, hi (5f ) no met

(銘 ).

Mood, n. (gram.) ho (法); (temper)
kokoro-mochi ; kigen (機 癒) ; koko-
chi ; keshiki.

conditional , kateihd (假定


imiDerative , meireihd (命令


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[ 550 ]


indicative , chokuseppo (直

infinitive , fujoho (不定法).

potential , kaseihd (せ 威 法) ;

kanoho (可能法).

. . subjunctive , setsuzokutio (接

續 法).

Moodilv, adv. mutto shite ; ?. n-
waruku ; ki-mudzukashiku.

Moodiness, n. fukyd (不興); fu-
Ugen (不機嫌).

Moofly, a. (out of humour) ki-
mudzukashii ; fu-kigen na ; fukyd
na ; iji-warui.

Moon, n. tsuki ; tai-in (大 陰).

cloudy , ohoro-dzuki.

crescent , gengetsu (弦月).

full , mangeisu (滿 月); b き tsu

. (望月).

half , hangetsu (半月).

Jiarvest , monaka no tsuJd.

rise, tsuki no de-

new , shingetsu (新月); mika-


the autumn , aid no yo no


tlie …… rises, tsuki ga de-ru.

the spots on the , isulcl no


Moon, i.v. (wander about in an
abstracted way) honyari to aruku.

Moonbeam, n. v. Moonlight.

Moonless, a night, yami no


Moonlig’lit, n. tsuki-alcari ; tsuki no :
kage ; isuki-Jcage : gekkwd (力 光).

night, tsuJci-yo.

“wliat a fine night it is !

ii tsuki-yo da ne.

Moonstone, n. getchdseld [M^’^)-

Moor, n. ham ; no-liara ; kwdya (躕

Moor, t.v. tsunagu ; leikei (® 繁) s ;
keiryu (繋留) s.

– to a vessel, 力 eisen (症 船) s.

Moor, i.v. keiryu s.
Moorhen, n. ban.

Mooring*, n. equiv. of Moor (t.v.)
foil, by koto.

Moorings, n. (cables, etc.) keisenJci
(繫船 機) ; (place) keisenjo (繋船 場).

Moorland, n. no-hara ; genya (原

Moot, t.v. ii-dasu.

Moot, a. miketsu (未 决) no ; tdro?i-

point, gimon (疑問) •

Mope, i.Y. urel-gao ico s ; inici (陰 氣)
na kao wo s ; waki ga fusagu.

Mopisii, a. inki na ; utsu-utsu na.

Mopislily, adv. inki ni ; utsu-utsu to.

Moral, a. (acting through one’s moral
nature) dbtolcujb (道德 上) no ; (just)
seigi (正義) na ; tansei (端正) 鶴 ;
tadashii ; tokvgi (德義 ) na ; (relating
to morals) dotoku no ; (serving to
teach a moral) dogijo (逢義 上) no ;
(virtuous) katai ; hinko ( 品行) no ii. 磨

a book -with, a purpose,

kwanzen-cnoaku (勸善 懲惡) wo mune
to sum hon.

law, jinrin ( 人倫) no michi.

philosopliy, shushing aim

(修: i 學); dogigaku (道義 學); ‘ W れ-

rigaku (倫理 學).

…… sense, rydshin (頁 心).

suasion, setsuyu (說 諭》

Moral, n. (lesson) oshie-gusa.

s, (conduct) mimochi ; gydia

(行 狀) ; okonai ; (public) fuzoku

俗);/ な ひ” 風儀).
Morale, n. kifu (氣 風.) ; kishitsu (氣
霣) ; kaiagt.

Moralist, n. ddtokuka (道德 家) ; rin-

rika (倫理 家).
Morality, n. (doctrines) michi ; do-
toku ; tokugi (德義 ) ; itoku (彝德 ) ;
dogi (道義) ; rinri ; (ethics) shiishin
(修: i ) ; (rectitude of life) tokugi ;
(relation to the moral code) seija (正
; yoshi-ashi ; zehi (是非) ; (virtue)
dotoku ; iokkb (ま 行).
Moralize, t.v. to …… on, wojoshie-

gusa ni s ; ni tsuitejo dangi (談 議》
iico s [sarcasticj.

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[ 551 ]

Morally, adv. tokugijo (德義 上) de ;
dotokujo de ; (practically) jissai (雰
際); (uprightly) tansei (端 正) ni ;
tadashiku ; (“virtuously) dotoku ni

‘ somukanai yd ni.

Morass, n. numacM ; saica.

Morbid, a. hyoteki (病 6 勺) 減 ; ~byo-
shin ) na.

Morbidly, adv. hyoteki ni.

to “be fond of , yamai to

itte mo II iiodo wo Jconomu.

More, n. (still greater quantity)
motto ; (with a neg.) mo.

and what is (emphatically),

omake ni.

More, a. (additional) yokei (餘 計) na ;
(greater in amount) sara ni takusan
no ; (greater in rmmber) sara ni oi.

far than, yori/yohodo d/cu

na ; yori/yohodo oi [pred. form] ;
dokoroja nai.

far than ten persons, jiinin

yori yohodo oi ; jiinin dokoro ja

is no than (does not go

beyond), made no koto da ; ni/


or less, tasho (多少) no.

than (greater in niunber or

quantity), yori dku na ; yori ijd
(以上) 滅; yori oi [pred. form].

tlian a ri, ichiri yo ; ichiri


no than 20 persons,

icadzuka ntjunin.

or , ij5 ( 以上); as, a distance

of 20 ri or , nijiiri ijd.

the goods had only been
deposited and no (i.e. no

contract made), kura-lre wo shima-
shita made no iokoro desliita.
th.ey are than 1 persons,

jfmin ijd (以上) de gozaimasu ; jiinin
de kikanai.

More, adv. motto ; mo ; [the com-
parison of two objects is also expr.
by yori foil, by the positive adj.] ; (in
addition) hoka ni ; mada ; mo ; sara

a little , mo sukoshi.; mo

chitto ; mo shosho (少 々 )•

all th.e , naosara. ‘


have you any ? mada aru


how much then, mashiie.

and , masu-masii .

or less, (about) naigwai (お

タト) : oi/oso ; (to a certain extent)
tasho (多少); iku7、a ka ; dore dake
ka ; iJcubun ka.

no , kore kiri ; mo nai.

once , mo ichido (一度); 歸

ichi-o (一 應) ; ima icM-d ; sara ni ;
mo ippen (一 返).

one , mo hitotsu.

the astringent the better,

shibui hodo yoi.

the I think it over, the

, omoeha, omou hodo .

the the better, oi hodo

yoroshii ; tata (多々) masu-masu

Moreover, adv. sono ne ni ; naosara ;
omake ni ; nao mata ; cmiassae ;
卞 shika nomi naradzu.

Moribund, a. to be , (of a

country) metsubo (;成 亡) ni kakatte
or a ; (of a person) shinu-magiwa
ni nozonde oru ; rinju (Eg 終) s.

Mormonism, n. 3Iorumon-kyd.

Morniug’, n. asa ; (forenoon) hlru-
mae ; gozen (午前).

early , socho (早朝).

good I Jiayo.

and evening”, asa-ban ; cho-

seki (朝夕).

of life, yoji (幼時).

sleep, asa-ne.

star, asa no myojo (明星);


sun, asahi ; kyoku-jitsu (旭

next , yokucho (翌朝).

this , koncho (今朝); kesa ;


to-morrow , asu no asa ;

myoasa ; ashita no asa ; myocho

to-morrow early, ashita

socho (早朝) ; ashita hayaku.

Morning’-glory, n. asa-gao.
01 tlie sky, asa-yake.

Mornmg”-prayer, n. asa no inori.

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[ 552 ]


Morose, a. iji (意地) no warui ; ki-
mudzukashii ; shibui kao wo suru.

Morosely, adv. iji-waruku ; ki-
mudzukashiku •

Moroseness, n. equiv. of Morose
foil, by koto.

Morphine, n. *; moruhine.

Morra, n. (game) ken (拳),
to play , ken wo utsu.

Morris-tube, n firing”, kyd-

saku-shageki (狭窄 射 擊).

Mortal, a. (deadly) chimei (致命) no ;
ichirnei (一命) ni kakaru ; (human)
ningen (人 阔) no ; (subject to death)
shihd (^亡) suheki ; shinu-heJci.

disease, shini-yamai.

enemy, fugu-taiten (不俱 戴

天) no telcL

wound, chimeisho (致命 f 甚) ;

omo-de ; kyiisho (急所) no kidzu.

Mortality, n. (proportion of deaths)
shibosn (死亡 數); shibo no wari-ai ;
(quality of being mortal) shibd-suheJci
koto ; shinu-beki koto.

Mortally, adv. he was

wounded, chimeisho wo uketa.

Mortar, n. (for building) sanwado
(三 和 土) ; (for pounding miso) suri-
hachi ; (glass) nyuhachi ; (ordnance)
kyuhb (E3 石 包); (plaster) *; shikkui ;
(wooden) usu.

[The Japanese substitute for a

druggist’s is a boat-shaped

iron vessel, and for the pestle
a metal wheel ; this utensil is
callesd yagen].

Mortgage, n. teito ; teitblcen (奨當
權) [Civ. Co.] ; (the deed) ieitd-shdsho
(抵 當證 書).

Mortgage, t.v. teitd ni s.

Mortgagee, n. teitbkensha (抵 當灌
者) [Civ. Co.].

Mortgager, n. teitdsha (抵當 者);
teitdken-seUeisha (抵 當權 設定 者) [Civ.

Mortitication, n. (chagrin) kiutsu;
hammon (煩悶) ; (cause of chagrin)
shikujiri ; nangyd (難行) ; (humilia-
tion) kutsujoku (Jg^) ; fumemboku

(不面目); (of limbs) dasso (g^) ;
(sulDjection of the passions) kinyoku
(禁愁 )•

Mortify, t.v. (shame) hadzukashime-
ru ; (vex) hammon (煩悶) sase-ru.

to be ied, (ashamed) chijoJcu

(耳’ El 辱) 醫 uke-ru ; hadzukashime-
rare-ru ; (vexed) hammon s.

to the passions, yoku (愁)

wo sei (制) s.

Mortify, i.v. (gangrene) kusaru.

Mortifying”, a. (humiliating) mem-
boku wo ushinaicaseru ; (vexing)

Mortise, n. hozo-ana.

Mortise, t.v. (join by a mortise and
tenon) hozo-ana ni shite hame-komu.

Mosaic-work, n. Jcirihame-zaiku ;
(in wood) yoseki-zaiku ; karaki-zaiku.

Moses, n. Mose.

Mosquito, n. ka (き

net, kaya ; kacho ; (made of

paper) shicho

netting, moji ; kaya-ji.

to be bitten by a , ka ni


to hang up a net, kaya wo


Moss, n. koke.

es, koke-rui.

Mossy, a. koke no haeta ; koke-darake

Most, adv. (sign of the superlative)
icJiiban (一番) ; mottomo ; goku (極) ;
itatte ; hanahada ; in Chinese com-
pounds sal- (最 )•

favoured nation clause,

saikeilcoku-jdJcioan (最惠 國條款 )•

Most, a. (nearly all) dku no ; taitei
(大抵) れ ; taigai (大槪 ) no ; kicahan

(過半 j no ; [when is used as a

no 皿 the particle no is dropped].
‘ for the part, gaishite.

Most, n. yokei (錄 計).

at tlie , dkute mo ; (of price)

takakute mo ; takadaka ; seigiri.

to make the of, sei-ipprxi

(一杯) s.

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[ 553 ]


. Mostly, adv. taitel ; taigai ; omo ni ;
okata ; taljun.

Mote, n. (of dust) hokori.

Moth, n. yacho (夜 蝶); ひ a (蛾); io-

clothes’ , mushl.

eaten, mushi no i suit a ;

mushi-kui no aru.

Motlier, n. haha ; o fukuro ; haha-
oya ; onna-oya ; (of another person,
gradually increasing in politeness)
okkasan ; hahasama ; hahagosama ;
hahauesama ; gobolcb (御 母 公) ; (term
used by children, or to children)

Motlier-cell, n. (biol.) hosalhd (母

Motlier-couiitry, honqoku (本
國) ; kokoku (故 國) ; Jjokoku ‘(l^: 國).

Motlier-in-law, n. skntome ; aibo

Motherless, a. haha no 滅 I.

Motlierliiiess, n. eqiiiv. of Mo-
therly, foil, by koto.

Motherly, a. (becoming to a mother)
haha-rasliii ; jiai (慈愛) na ; (pertain-
ing to a mother) haha no.

Motlier-of-pearl, n. aogai ; radm

翻). *
Motlier-tongue, n. hongolcu (本 國)

710 kotoha. ‘

Motion, n. (action, of machinery)
hataraki ; (application in court) sJiin-
set (申請) [Cr. Pro.] ; (capacity for)
doryoku (動力) ; (of a ship, etc.) doyd
(p 搖) ; (opposed to rest) ugoki ; undo
iMWi) ; ん’ 5f お (行動) : (proposal) dogi
(動議) ; hotsugi (發議 ).

apparent (astron.), shi-uruad

(視 運動)’ ,

of Its own (of a Court),

shokken (職 灌) de [Civ. Pro.].

perpetual , mukyu-undo (無

窮 運動 )■

to be in , unten (運 轉) shite


to make a , dogi ico okosu.

to put macMnery in , kikai

(機械) ^co unten (運 轉) sase-ru.

Motion, t.v. 7naneku.

to to a seat, nilza (g?) wo


Motive, n. (object) meate ; mokuteJci
(目的); (reason) zonjlyori ; rvoken (量
見) ; shintei (心底) ; riyfi (理由) ; ishi

い g、iLi、)-

real , s7un-i (^:@;;.

Motive, a. ugokasu.

power, hatsvdoryoku (發動

力) ; genddryoku (原動力).

Motiveless, a. aie-nashl no ; moku-
teki no nai.

Motley, a. (heterogeneous) ugd (烏
合) no ; (in colour) iro-majiri no ;
zasshoku (雜 色) no ; madara-iro no.

Motor, n. hydraulic , suiryoku-

hatsuddki (水力 發 動機).

Motor, a nerve, undo-shmJcei

(連 動 神 經).
Motor-car, n. jiddsha (自動車).

Mottled, a. (in colour) v. Motley ;
(of a horse, etc.) huchi na.

Motto, n. kakugen (格言) ; keiku (警
句) ; (on crackers, sweets, etc.) tsitji-

Mould, n. nando (軟 ifc) ; isuchi ; (for
jellies) zeri-qata ; (fungus) kabi ;
(matrix) ? nokei (ま 形) ; kata ; iqata ;
(of type) j’lbo (字母) ; jikel (字 型 j.

Mould, t.v. katadoru.

to into the shape of, no I

katachi ni tsukuru.

Moulder, i.y. kudzure-ru ; kwaimetsu
(壞滅 ) s.

MouUliness, n. kahlta koto.

Moulding*, n. (act of) equiv. of
Mould foil, by koto ; (anything cast
in a mould) i-mono ; (arch.) fuchi.

Mouldy, a. kaUta.

to become , kabi’ru ; kahi-


smelling, kabi-kusai.

Moult, i.v. ke-gawari no s.

ing- “bird, ha-nuke-clori.

Mound, n. tsuki-yama ; oka ; koka ;
shokyii (づ、 丘) ; (bank) dote.
target , adzuchi.

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L 554 ]


Mount, i.v. noboru ; agaru ; (on a
horse) jS&a (乘 馬) s.

to up, (of expenses) kasamu ;

(of money) fue-ru ; to up to,

ni t as sum ; ni nar u.

Mount, t.v. (a drawing) nolhyosd (表
装) ICO s ; (a gun) sue-tsuke-ru ; soka
(装 架) s ; (ascend) nilnohoru ; nij
agaru ; (a sword) nijisuka wo tsuke-
ru ; (put a bacKing to) ni/ura wo
i(tsu ; ura-uchi s ; (put on horseback)
uma ni nose-ru.

to a battery, hddai (石 包臺)

wo sdhi (装備) s.

to a horse, uma ni noru ;

joha s.

to guard, johan (上番) s.

to night- guard, yaban

番) s’

MouDt, n. (of a picture) dai-gami ;
claishi (SIK)-
photo , shashin-daigamL

Mountain, n. yama ; [the names of
mountains are often foil, by san ( 山 )
or zan].

to make a of a molehill,

hari-hodo no koto wo oo hodo ni lu.
Mountain-asli, n. yama-msh’i.
Mountain-cliaiii, n. sammyaku

Mountaineer, n. yamahito.

Mountaineering’, n. tozan (登山).

Mountain-g-un , n. sampd (山 砲).

Mountain – land, n. sanchi (山地) ;

Mountain ous , a. yama no bi ;
yama-chi no ; yama-daraJce no.

Moimtain-side, n. yama no hara ;
sampuku (山腹),
a bare , hage-yama.

Mountain-top, n. santen (山 巔);

sanchb (山 項).
Mountebank, n. yashl ; (quack
doctor) yahu-isha ; (cheap-jack) seri-
Mounted, a. (mil.) in Chinese com-
pounds ki- i 騎) ; (on horseback)
joba (乘 馬) ? w.

brass , sh inchu-kanaiiiono no

t suit a.

bandits, hazoku (馬 賊).

infantry, kihohei (ま 歩兵).

orderly, denrei-kihei (1^ 令騎


Mounting, n. (of a jewel, etc.) shi:
age ; hame-kata ; (of a picture) hydso
(表装) ; hfogu (表具) ; (of a sword)

Mount Morrison, (in Formosa)

Mount Sylvia, (in Formosa) Setsu-
zan (雪山).

Mourn, i.v. kanashimu ; nageku ; Ua-
mu ; aito (哀’ j 卓) s.

Mourner, n. aitdsha (哀’ 1 卓 者) ; (at a
funeral) oJcuri-te ; tachi-te ; kwaiso-
sha (會葬 者).
chief , moshu (喪主) ; (Bud-
dhist) seshu (施主) ; (Shintd) saishu

Mournful, a. kanashii ; Uamashu ;

Moiiriifully, adv. kanashiku ; ita-
mashiku ; nage-kawashiku.

Mournful ne s s, n. kanashisa ; al-
to; shiisho (愁蕩 ).
Mourning’, n. mo ; (period of) JcicJul
(忌中) ; klbuku (忌 flSJ ; Jmi-huku.

court , kyuchuso (宮中 喪).

end of , ki-ake ; imi-ake.

clothes, mofuku (喪 IE).

to “be in , kichu de aru ; huku

fja kakaite oru.
Mouse, n, haisuka-nedzuml.
Moiisseline-de-laine, n. meriri’

su ; chirimen-goro.
Moustaclie, n. mcahige ; kuchi-

Mouth, n. kuchi ; (of a harbour) tri-
guchi ; hairi-r/uchi ; (of a mountain
pass) tori-tsuki ; (of a river) kuchi.

by word of …… , kdjd ( 口 上) de.

in the , kdchu (口 ) ni.

waters, yodare wo nagasu, or

tarasu ; kuchidzu ga naku.

to “be down in the , chikara

wo otoshite oru ; ki (氮) ga fusaide


Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 555 ]


to liold in the , (within the

month) Jcuchi nifukumu ; (with, the
teeth) kuwae’ru.

to stop the of, ico/heiko (閉

口 ) sase’ra.

Mouth, t.v. kowa-iro de iu.

Mouthful, n. kuchi ; as,
one , hitO’kuchi.

Moutli-org-an, n. yoko-hue.

Mouthpiece, n. kuchi ; (of a musical
instrument) fuki-kuchi ; (of a pipe)
fcuchi ; sui-kuchi ; (of a telepnone)
sbvoakb (送話 口); (spokesman) dai-
jutsusha (代 g 者) •

Mova/b】e, a. ugokasareru ; hakobi no
deldru ; ugokasu koto no dekiru.
type, kwappan (活版).

Movables, n. ddsan (動 產) [Civ. Co.,
Com. Co.].

jyiove, t.v. (arouse the feelings of)
kandb (惑 動) sase-rii ; (at chess) sasu ;
ngokasu : (at draughts) utsu ; (excite
to action) haqemasu ; (propose) teigi
(提議) s; hoisugi (發議 ) s; (set in
motion) ugokasu ; (transport) utsusu ;

nothing’ I could say would

him, watakushi ga nani hodo

itte mo kikimasenu.

to “be d to tears, raJcurui (落

M) s.

to aside, doke-ru ; noke’ru.

to back, hizarase-ru ; 7iik-

komu ; hikkome’ru.

to forward, mae e dasu.

to up the order of, no/jun

wo kuri-age-ru.

Move, i.v. (acquire motion) ugoku ;
(change one’s residence) id sum ;
k’osu ; hikkosu ; tentaku (轉 宅) s ;
tenkyo (轉 居) s ; iten (移 轉) s ; (change
place) idfturu.

to about, tachi-mawaru.

to aside, doku ; noku.

to off, saru ; noku.

to round, maicaru.

Move, n. (for the attainment of a
purpose) kodo (行動).
first (at chess), senie.

to make a , (at chess) koma

wo ugokasu ; (fig.) kodo s.

Movement, n. hatarakl ; undo (運
動) ; (act of) equiv. of Move (i.Y.)
foil, by koto ; (as opp. to stability)
doyo (動 搖) ; (manner of moving)
ugoki-kata ; ugoki-hwl ; (proceed-
ings, actions) shintai (進^) ; kodo
(行動) ; (scheme) undo.

s (as, of a fleet), ddsel (動 靜).

s of the population, jinko-

(人工 動 體).

outflanking’ , tenyoku-undo

(轉翼 運動).

retrograde , taigun-undo (返

軍 運動).

■curmiie’ , tenlcmai-undb (^ifll


Mover, n. (of a motion) dogisha (動
議者) ; (of sedition, etc.) sendosha (煽
動 者) ; (proposer) teigisha (提議 者) ;
hotsugisha (發議 者) ; (proposer of a
bill) teishutsusha (提出 卷); teiansha

prime , shuddsha (主動 者).

Moving*, a. (exciting sympathy)
awareppoi ; kolcoro wo ugokasu ; kan-
db (惑 励) saseru yd na.

target, kwatsudd-molcuhyd

(活動 目標).

Moviiijrlv, adv. kolcoro wo ugokasu
yd ni ; kando saseru yd ni.

Mow, t.v. kai’u ; kari-mru ; nagu.

to down, nagi-fuse’ru ; nagi-


Mowings, n. equiv. of Mow foil, by

maclime, kusa-karl-ddgu.

Moxa, n. kyii ; tnogusa ; yaito.
to apply , kyu wo sue-ru.

Mr., san, or sama [after name] ; (in
formal discourse) kun (君).

Mrs., A, A. san no olcusama ;

A.fujin (婦人); (if in inferior posi-
tion) A. san no o kamisan ; (in ad-
dresses of letters) A. rei-fujln (令

M. S. g?nkd (原稿).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 556 ]


Mucli, n. takusan (?舉 山); kyota (|f
多) ; kwata (,多).

not to tliink of, wo/ki (氣)

ni tomenai ; wo/Jci ni kakeiiai ; (of
a person) sore hodo ni omoicanai.

to be made of, da 狗 are’ru.

to make of (treat as if of

value), wojiaisetsu (大切) ni s ; wo I
daiji (大事) ni s ; wolchinciio (珍重)

to tliink of (attacli impor-

tance to), woltaisetsu (大切) ni s.

Much, a. takusan na ; taiso (大 暦)
na ; kyota na ; kwata na.

as as possible, narutake


as as there is, cmttake.

there is not difference,

taishita chigai wa nai.

Mucll, adv. yohodo ; dku.

how ? (of price) ikura ; nani

hodo ; ika hodo ; nambo ; (of quan-
tity) dore hodo ; nani hodo ; dove

as usual, madzu heizei (平生)

no tori.

less, mashite ; iwanya ; [foil.

by a neg.].

more, mashite ; iwanya.

thus , kore dake ; kono kurai ;

kore hodo.

to be too for (beyond the

control of), no/te ni amaru.

to do too (of a thing), yari-


too , amari ; yokel.

twice as , ha I hodo.

very , daibu.

Mucilage, n. nori ; nen-eki (粘液).
tor letters ffu-nori.

Mucilaginous, a. nebatta ; neba-
neba shiia ; nm – eki-shitsu (粘 波 質)

Muck, n. dobu-doro.

Muck-worm, n. fimeha (糞 蟲) ;

Mucous, a membrane, nen-

ekimaku (粘 波 膜); nemmaku (粘

Mucus, n. nen-eki (粘液) ; (of the
eye) yard ; (of the nose) hana-shiru.

Mu€l, n. doro ; deido (泥土) ; (in a
road) nukari ; nukarumi.

covered with , doro-darake


…… g-odown, dozo (土 藏).
wall, kahe.

Mudtliness, n. (of a liquid) nigotta
koto ; deinei ま 寧) ; (of a road)
. nukari ; nukarumi.

Muddle, n. konmtsu 雜) ; funran
(紛亂 ) ; mechcMnecha.

Muddle, t.v. (make a mess of) mecJ.ia-
mecha ni s ; konmtsu sase-ru ;

funran sase-ru ; (make turbid) nigosu ;
nigorasu ; deinei ni s ; (stupefy)
honyari sase-ru.

to be d (partly drunk), nama-

yoi de aru.

to away money, kinsen

ICO (金 錢) yu-midzu ni tsulcau.

Miidcly, a. (besmeared with mud)
doro-darake na ; deinei na ; (dull,
stupid) honyari shita ; potto shiia ;
(of a road) nukaita ; (turbid) nigoita.

a road, nukari-michi.

feet, doro-ashi.

to become , nukaru ; (turbid)


Miiclfly, t.v. (render turbid) nigosu ;

Mud-g’uarcl, n. doro-yoke.

Muff, n. (fool) gudon (愚 Jg) 7ia hlio ;
(for the hands) te-atatame ; te-nuku-
me ; (unskilful person) hebo.

Muffle, t.v. tsutsmm ; ou ; (deaden
the sound of) no/oto wo oi-kesu.

to up the face, fukumen (覆

面) s ; (with a dzuJcin) dzukin wo
kdburu ; (with aieimgui) ho-kaburi
wo s.

Muffle, n. sotO’ire.

Muffler, n. eri-maki.

Mufti, n. shifuku (私服) ; he’ifuku (平

Muggiuess, n. mushi-atsui koto.
Muggy, a. mushi-atsui.

to “be , mushi-mushi s ; masu.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 557 ]


Mugwort, n. yomorjL

Mukden, n. Rbtenfu (奉 天府).

Mulberry, n. (fruit) kuvxi no mi ;
(tree) kuwa.

paper (Brotissonetia papyri-

fera), Jcozo ; kodzu ; kami no ki.

Mulct, t.v. nllhakJdn (罰金) ico kwa
(課) s. •

Mule, n. ra ; raha.

Mliiisll, a. (obstinate) kata-ljl na ;

rjwancju (^,#、) 観.
Mull, t.v. (add spices to) kicaml (カロ

味) s ; (heat) lean (爛) wo s.
Mullet, n. (miigil cephalotus) liora

[when young ina, or okobo] ; (m.

liaematocliiliis ) menada ; (m. joyneri)


Multifarious, a. shuju (! i 々 ) 滅 ;
machi-machi no ; iro-iro na ; hyappan
(百般) no ; tayb (多 樣) na.

Multifariousness, n. tayo.

Multiform, a. Iro-lro kaicatta ;’ tayb

Multiple, n. (arith.) haisu (f き 數).

least common , saishd-ko-

haisti (最小 公倍数).

Multiple stars, tajiisei (多重 星).
Multiplicand, n. Jdjdsu (被 乘數 ).
Multiplication, n. (arith.) kaJce-
zan ; joho (乘 法) •

table, Jcukuhyd (九 々表、.

Multiplicity, n. tasu (多 數) ; kyota

(許 多). ‘
Multiplier, n.jdsa{^^) ; meyasu.
Multiply, t.v. (arith.) kake-ru ; joji-
ru ; (increase in number) masu ;
fuyasu ; zdka (if 力 n) s,

to 12 by 3, juni ni san ico


Multiply, i.v. masu ; fue’ru ; zdka s ;
(of animals) hanshoku (繁 J^fj s. :

Multitude, n. (a crowd) gunju (群
集) ; shomin (庶民) ; minshki (民衆) ;
(a great number) tasu (多 %) ; kyota
(許 多).

a of, ozei na.

a of “books, amata no hon.

Mum, a. to keep , okubi ni mo

dasanai [viilg.].

Mumble, t.v. (grumblingly) f/uzu-
guzu iu ; (utter inarticulately) kuchi-
gomoru ; fukumi-goe d.e iu.

Mummy, n. miira.

Mumps, n. jisen-en (耳 線 炎) : ota-
fuku-kaze ; ho-hukiire-kaze ; hasami-

Mimcli, t.v. mucha-mucha kamu ;
mori-mori to tabe’ru ; mnsha-^ymsha

Miindaiie, a. kom yo no ; ukiyo no ;
Oense (現世) no.

Municipal, a. shisei (rfJK) 9io ; shi
no ; machi no ; (established by a
municipality) shiritsu (市立) no.

council, shikwai (iji 會).

…… government, shisei (T^ 制).

income tax, shotoku-wari.

system of government of

towns and villages, shi-(M-son-

sel (市町村 制).

tax, shizel (市税).

Municipality, n. shl (市) ; s?ii-ku
(市 區).

Mliiiifieeiice, n. yUaku (優 遅) ; dyd
na koto ; kwanjln (; ^仁). •

Muniiicent, a. yuaku na ; dyd na ;
kwanjln na.

Mimiftceiltly, adv. yUaku ni; dyd
ni ; Icwanjin ni.

Munitions, n. huki (武器) ; fjiinyd-
hin (軍用 器); gunlci (軍器); hdki-
danyaku (‘矢 器

Murder, n. hUo-goroshi ; setsugai (殺
W ; (premeditated) hosatsu (認 殺) ;
[Cr. Co.] ; (wilful but unpremedi-
tated) kosatsu (故殺) [Cr. Co.].

to commit , hUo-goroshi s ;

V. also Murder, (t.v.).

Murder, t.v. korosu ; setsugai s ;
hosatsu s.

Murderer, n. hito-qoroshi ; setsugai-
oiin (殺害 人); bosatsusha (謀殺 #) ;
bdsaisujin (il 殺 入).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ

[ 558 ]


Murderous, a intent, saisu-i

意) ; bdsatsu-shin (謀殺, じ、)’

Muriatic acid, e 画れ (據 酸).

Murmur, n. (grumbling) fuhei (不
平) ; yomaigoto ; tsuhuyaki ; guzu-
guzu ill koto ; (of water) sawa-saica
to sum oto.

Murmur, i.v. (grumble) sune-ru ; fu-
hei wo narasu ; guzu-guzu iu ; yomai-
goio wo iu ; huisu-hutsu iu ; (make a
low continued sound) zawa-zawa
nam ; (of water) sawa-sawa to naru.

Muscle, n. suji ; kinniku (筋肉).

voluntary , dzuii-kin (隨意


Muscular, a. (pertaining to the
muscle) suji no ; kinniku no ; (strong)
tsuyoi ; kinryoku (筋力) no tsuyoi ;
wanryohu (晚 力) wo; kinniku no

Muse, i.v. mokushi (默, 思) s ; chinshi
(‘沈’ じ、) s ; omoi ni shidzumu ; yonen
(^; ft) naku kmigae-ru.

Museum, n. hakuhutsukwan (博 キタ刀

Mushroom, n. klnoko ; husdbira ;
[shiitake, matsudake, Jiatsudake,
shimeji, samatsu, are names of dif-
ferent Yarieties].

Music, n. ongaku (音 樂) ; (notes)
(譜) ; inritsu (音律) ; (score) gakufu

band of , gakutai (樂隊 )•

concerted , hayashi.

…… “book, rjakufu (樂譜 )•

to perform , sogaku (奏樂 )

wo s.

Musical, a. (fond of music) ongaku-
dzula na.

instrument, nari-mono ;

fjdkki (樂 器).

.. interval, ontei (音程).

scale, onkai (音階).

Musically, adv. shirabe-yoku ; ne-
jime-yoJcu ; ongyoku-teki (音曲 (5 も) ni.

Musician, n. ongakka (音樂 家);
gakujin (樂 人).

blind (female), goze.

court , r*e? ひ れ (令 人).

strolling’ ……, (flute) komuso ;
れな; kata-teochi no.

Onesidedly, adv. eko-hUki nl ; hem-
pa ni ; kata-teochi ni.

Onesicleclness, n. eko-hWd ; hem-

One’s self, pron. ヌ Zm れ (自分); ヌ-
shin (自 J ) ; jilco (自己); midzukara.
by ……. hitorl cle.

talking to , hitori-goio.

to talk to , hitori-goto ico lu.

One-storeyefl, a house,


Onion, n. negi.

Onlooker, n. hokwansha (傍觀 者).

Only, adv. tatta ; tan (單) ni ;
hakari ; hakashi ; nomi ; ni kagitte,
ni kagiri, or dake [all postpositive] ;
also shlka or kya foil, by a neg. ;
(with numbers) wadzuka ni ; tatta ;

can be sometimes rendered by

sae ; as,

if you liave money you

can do anything, kane sae
areba nan de mo deki-ru. [sae
sureba is preceded by the indef.
form of the verb ; as, ari sae
sweba ; sae with other verbs is
preceded by the gerund ; as, shin-
de sae shimaeba].
when corresponding to the Ger-
man ” erst ,, is rendered by hajimete.

I can read kana, kam de

. naJcereha yomenai.

the other day, tsui konai-


this one , kore-girl.

you ? you’re a gardener !

uekiya no Jcuse ni.

Only, a. (of persons) hit or i no ; (of
things) hitotsu no ; ikJco (一個) no ;
yuitsu no.

child, hitorl-rjo ; hitorikko.

son, hitori-musiiko.

Onset, n. kdgeki (:^^) ; shingeJd (進

擊). ‘
Onslaiiglit, n. V. Onset.

Ontological, a. jUtalgaku (實 钵學)

Ontologist, n. jittai-gakusha (實体

學 者). ‘
Ontology, n. jUtalgaku (實 學).
Onus, n. sekinin (責任).

Onward, a. shimpo (進ま) shite iku ;
susunde iku ; (to a desirable end)
kairyo (改頁 j shite iku ; kbjo (向上 i

Oiiwai’d, adv. sakl e.

to go , sahh e Iku ; susumu ;

(progress) shimpo s.

Onwards, adv. from the year
1900 …… , 1900 nen iko (以降).

Oolite, n. gyoji-seJcl (魚鲡 石).
Oolong’ tea, uryuoha (烏 音 | 茶).
Ooze, n. nancM 泥) •
Ooze, i.v. dara-dara to de’ru ; nagare-

Opal, n. * ; tampakuseki (蛋白 石).

Opaque, a. fn-tomei (不透明) na ;

Opaqueness, n. fa-tdmei ; suki-
tbranai koto.

Open, a. aita ; hiralta ; kokai (公開)
no ; (aboYeboard) komei (公明) na ;
(frank) muki-dashi no ; (mild) onwa
i 溫 na ; (not settled) miketsu (?^
决) no ; mitel (未定) no ; fu-klmari
no ; (public) dyake no ; kozen (公然)

in court, kotei (公庭) ni.

in the air, Icogwai (戶 タト)


is not to doubt, utagai « ひ


arms, hirogeta ude.

door policy, monko-kaino-

shugi (門戸 開放 主義).

Hosted by Goo ヌ k


[ 588 ]


hands, hiraita te,

…… port, kaikoba (開港 場).

question, kdJcai (公開) no

Olmon (疑問).

secret, kdzen (公然) no hi-

mitsu (秘密).

the sea, daikai (大海).

to beat ,• buchi-ake-ru.

to be , aite oru ; (of the

bowels) tsiiji ga aru ; to be com^

pletely (to traffic), zentsu (全

通) s.

to be to (prepared to listen

to), yoku kiku.

to declare a meeting’ , kai-

Icwai (開 會) wo tsuge-ru.
to keep communicatioiis ,

renraku (連絡) wo tsiiji-ru.

to leave , ake-hanasu ; akep-

nashite oku.

pull , hiJci-ake-ru.

to push , oshi-hiraku.

to throw (a country), kalho

(開放) s.

Open, t.v. ake-ru ; hiraku ; (as, nego-
tiations) Icaishi s ; (commence)
hajime-ru ; (for cultivation) kaikon
(開墾) s.

to a bottle, tokkuri no kuchi

ICO ake-ru.

to a box, hako no fata ico


to a letter, tegami no fu (封)

wo kiru ; Jcaifa s.

to a road, michi lo ひ


to a shop, mise wo


to fire, uchi-dasu ; happo

(發 砲) s ; hbkwa (砲’/ c) wo hiraku.

to one’s heart, kokoro wo


to one’s self, uchiake-

hanashi wo s ; uchi-akete hanasu ;
akarasama ni iu.

to to inspection, no/juran

(縱覽 ) ICO yurusu.

to up (a country), hiraku ;

kaitaku (開拓) s.
Open, i.v. (of flowers, doors, etc.)
hiraku ; (of the earth in eartli-
quakes) ware’Vu ; sake’ru ; (spread
out) hirogaru ; (of the pod of the
cotton-plant) wata ico haku.

Open-lianclecl, n. dmaka net ; tai-
ryd (大量) na ; mono-oshimi wo shi-
nai ; kwanjin (寬 仁)? w?.

Open-liandedness, a. dmaka na
koto ; fairyo ; kvcanjin.

Open-hearted, a. (frank) ki (氣)
no sdbaketa ; ari no mama no ;
tsutsumi-kakushi no nai ; nchi-aketa ;
akarasama na ; (generous) v. Open-

Open-lieartecll adv. sahakete ;
ari no mama ni ; tsutsumi-kakushi
naku ; uchi-akete.

Open-liearteflness, n. tsutsumi-
kakushi no nai koto.

Opening-, n. (act of) equiv. of Open
(t.v.) foil, by koto ; (aperture) kuchi ;
sukiina ; (a space between) aida ;
(at chess) joseki (定石); ?li, t.v. yorilmekata de
katsu ; yorilomoi de aru.

Outwit, t.v, dashi-nuku ; nijsaya-ate
wo s.

Outworks, n. gioaisai (タト 砦).

Oval, a. tamago-nari no ; dam ち圓)
no ; kdban-nari no ; choenkei (桌 圓
形) no.

Oval, B. tamago-nari ; daen ; Icdban-

nari ; choenkei.
Ovary, n. (anat.) ransb (卵 衝 ; (bot.)

sUhb (子房).
Ovation, n. daikassai (大 喝采) ;

kicangei (ftiQl).
Oven, n. (for baking earthenware)

kama ; (for cooking food) mashi-


Over, pi’ep. no ue ni.

all the “body, karada-ju ;

manshin (滿 身) ni.

and under, no ue shita ni.

to cross , (as, a fence or hill)

koe-ru ; kosu ; (as, a river) wataru.

to draw the head, hikkabu-


to leap , tohi-kosu.

to look , mi-watasu.

to look a fence at, wo I he 丄

(稱) no ue kara nozoite mi’ru.

to run , (an object) oi-kosu ;

(cross) kake-ioataru.

to walk , toru.

Over, adv. (on the opp. side) mukd no
ho ni.

a foot and , isshaku-yo (一尺


it is , mo sunda. _

again, mo ichido (一度); mo

ippen (一 寧).

against, al-mukatte.

and above, sono hoka ni ;

sono ue ni ; o make ni.

and again, kuri-lcaeshi-

te ; kuri-kaeshi kuri-kaeshi ; kae-
su-qaesu ; kasane-gasane ; (fre-
quently) ikutahi mo.

the boat is , fune ga muled e


the cherry blossoms are ,

sakura ica mo sue da.

the rain is , ame ga hareta.

to be , nokoru ; amaru ;

(finished) oicaru ; yamu ; hane’
ru [of theatres only] ; as,

the theatre is , shibai ga


to “blow , [t.Y.) fuki-iaosu.

to dig” , horl-kaesu.

to do a grain (in correction),

shi-naosu ; shi-kaesu.

to give (abandon), yosu ;


to liand , icatasu ; hiki-wata-


to read again, uomi-kaesu ;

(what has been misread) yomi-
naosiL »

to roll , (i.v.) Jcorobu ; (t.v.)

Jcorobasu ; korogasn.

to roll and , (i.T.) koro-

koro koroge-ru ; (t.v.) koro-koro

to run , (i.v.) kohore-ru ;

afiire’ru [of a liquid].

to take , hiJci-uke’rii.

to talk (persuade), toki-tsiike-


Overact, t.v. yari-sugi-ru.

Overanxious, a. to be , anji-

sugi-ru ; torikoshl-giird s.

Overaiixiously, adv. anji-sugiie ;
torikoshi-giLrb suite.

Overawe, t.v. Hku-hiku sase-ru ;
ishuku G 畏縮) sase-ru ; ojikesase-ru,

to “be d, hiku-hiku s ; osoj^e-

ru ; ishuku s ; ojike-ru.

Overbalance, t.v. (a boat) kashigu ;
(outweigh ) orao-sugi- .

Hosted b ん OO ヌ

ヌ E

[ 600 ]


Overbearing”, a. bhei (楨 柄) na ;
ihatta ; tengu (关狗 ) na [vulg.].

an fellow, tengu.

to be , keniai-huru.

Overbearingly, adv. bhei ni]
ibatie ; ibari-kusatte ; kentai-buite.

Overbeariiigness, n. dhei ; gd-
”’nan (激慢 ). •

Ovei*l>oard, ad.fiine kara,

to fall , fune kara ochi-ru.

to throw cargo , ni ico utsu.

Overbold, a. daitan (大瞻 ) .mgita.

Overburden, t.v. (a person) ni

wo owase-sugi’Vu ; (a ship) tsumi-


to “be ed (with responsibility,

etc.), ni]ni ga sugi-ru.

Overburdeiisome, a. nangi-sugi-

TU. ‘ ‘

Overcareflll, a. ydjin-sugiru.

Overcast, a. to be , kimoite


to become , kumoru.

Overcautious, a. ydjin-sugiru.

OvercaiitioiiSly, adv. ydjin-sugite.

Over cautiousness, n. ydjin-sugi-
ru koto. ‘

Overcharge, t.y. (a gnn) kwasd (過
装) s ; tsuke-kake wo s ; (with orna-
ment) kazari-sugi-ru.

Overcharge, i.v. (of price) kake-
ne s.

Overchargre, n. (of a gun) kwasd ;
(of price) kake-ne ; tsuke-kake.

Overcoat, n. gwaiio (外套) ; (rain-
coat) kappa.

Overcome, t.v. ni/katsu ; nilachl-

to be 5 make’ru,

to be with, grief, urei ni

shidzumu. .

Over-confidence, n. hokori-sugii-u
koto ; unubore.

Over-conficlent, a. do not be

(prov.) jodzu no te kara midzu

ga moru [lit. water leaks from the
hand of the clever person].

to be , hokori-sugi.ru.

to be after a battle, kachi-


Over-confidently, adv. hokori-

Overcrowded, a. to be ,

amari komi-au ; Icomi-sugWu.

Overdo, t.v. (bake too much) yaki-
sugosu ; (boil too much) ni-sugosu ;
(perform too much) shi-sugi-ru.

to one’s strength, hone wo

ori-sugosu ; yari-sugi-ru.

Overdose, t.v. (a person) nijlcusuri
no hunryo (分 韋) wo yolcei ni nomase-
ru ; ni/kusuri wo Icwaryb (過量) ni

Overdose, n. kwaryo (過量).

Overdraft, n. kashikoshi-kin.

Overdraw, i.v. kari-koshi ico s ;

Overdress, i.v. ki-kazari-sugosu.

Overdrink, t.v. to one’s self,


Overdrive, t.v. muri ni tsukau ;
yatara ni oi-tsukau ; tsukai-sugosu.

Overdue, a. nlcUgen (日限) loo koe-
ta ; (of a payment) shiharai-Jcigen wo

Over-eager, a. to be , nessJim

(熱’ 11、) sugi-ru.
Over-eagerly, adv. nessJiin-sugite.

Over-eagerness, n. nessUn-sugiru

Over-eat, i.v. tcibe-sugosu ; kui-sugi-
ru ; kwashoku (過食) s.

Over-estimate, t.v. tsumorl-sugi-
ru ; hakari-sugi-ru ; (a person or
thing) kai’Sugi-ru ; Jcai-kdburu.

Over-excite, t.y. geld (激) sase-

Over-exert, t.v. to one’s

self, honeori-sugi-ru.

Over-exertion, n. hone no ori-sugi-
ru koto.

Over-fatigued, a. to become

, tsukare-kiru.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 601 ]


Over-feed, t.v. kuicase-sugi-ru.

Overflow, t.v. nilafure-ru.

Overflow, i.v. (of a river) afure’ru ;
minagi-ru ; f hanran (氾濫) s ; (of
liquid in a vessel) kohore-ru.

Overflowing’, a. (abundant) arl-
amaru ; d-sugiru.

Overfoiid, a. to be of, wo I

konomi-sugi-ru ; wo I suki-sugi’ru ;
(of a parent) chdai (f^ 愛) shi-sugi’
ru ; kawaigari-sugi-ru.

Overfondness, n. Iconoml-swjlru
koto ; suki-sugiru koto.

Overgrow, t.v. nillchimen (一面) ni
has’ru ; ni! habikor ii.

Overgrown, a. selchd (_ ^長) shi-
siigita ; sodachi-sugita.
to be , sodachi-suglte oru.

Overliailg”, t.v. no/ue ni sashi-aete
oru ; no/ue ni kakatte oru ; nolue ni

Overliastily, adv. isogl-sugite.

Overliastiness, n. equiv. of Over-
hasty foil, by koto.

Overliasty, a. (of disposition) sek-
kachi-sugi7’u ; seikyu-sugiru ; isogi-

Overhaul, t.v. (examine) aratame-
ru ; sJiirabe-ru ; (overtake) ni/oi-

Overliead, a communica-
tion, c 力 ijd- た (地上 交通). ^

railway, Icbka-tetsudo (高架

鐵 道).

Overhead, adv. dzujb (頭上) ni;

(upstairs) kaijo (階上) ni.
Overhear, t.v. kiJci-tsuke-ru ; JcUci-

kaji’ru ; more-kiku ; JdJci-dasv..
Overheat, t.v. atatame-sngpru.

Overjoyed, a. to “be , oi ni

yorokobu ; b-yorokobi s.
Overland, a. rikthjo (陸上) no.
Overland, adv. riku de ; rikujo de.
Overlap, t.v. kasanari-kakaru.

to cause to , ka sa ne-kake-ru .

Overlay, t.v. nijklse-ru ; ou ; hahxise-
ru ; hiku.

Overleap, t.v. toU-kosu.

Overload, t.y. (a gun) eltsume-sugi-
ru [with powder] ; e/kome-sngi-ru
[with shot] ; (a horse) nilnose-sugi-
ru ; (a ship) ni/tsumi-sugi-ru.

Overlook, t.v, (omit to see) mi-
otosu ; m’wwk’osu ; mi-nogasu ; )-

Pensioner, n. onkyil-jurydsha (恩給
受領者). •、

Pensive, a. to be , hangae, or

crmoi, ni shidzunde oru ; chinshi (‘沈
思) s.

Pensively, adv. chinshi shite.

Peiisiveuess, n. chinshi.

Peiistand, n. (J apanese) fade-tate.

Peiitag^on, n. gokaJm ; qokakkei
(五角形). ‘

Peiitag’Oiial, a. gokaku no ; gokak-
kei no.

Peiltateucli, n. Mdse no qosho (五
書). ‘

Pentecost, n. *; qojunsetsu (jflfij
節). ‘

PeiltllOUSe, n. sasliikalce-goya.

Peiltroof, n. hisashl ; sashikake-
yane ; fujci-otosld no yane.

Penumbra, n. qwaikyo (夕 卜虛) ;

han-in-ei (半陰影). •
Penurious, a. (niggardly) kechi na ;

shiwal ; rinshoku (吝裔 ) na ; don-

yoku (貪 愁) wa.

Peniirioiisly, adv. kechl ni ;- rin-
shoku ni ; donyoku ni ; Jcechi-kechi.

Peiiiirioiisness, n. (niggardliness)

kechi ; rinshoku ; donyoku ; yahu-

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 623 ]


Penury, n. (poverty) himho (貧乏) ;
hinkon (贫 困); hmlcyii (贫窮 ) ; kon-

Penwiper, n. pen-fukl ; fade-fuJd.

Peoiiy, n. shakuyaku i”^^).
tree , hotcm ほセ 丹).

Peony-bark, n. hotampi (牡丹 皮).

People, n. (persons in general) hiio ;
(the nation) kokiimin (蠡 民) ; jimmin
(人民) ; tccmi ; (as 0D13. to mlers) jim-

how are your ? mina san

tea iJcaga irasshaimasii.

like other , hiio-naml no.

one’s (family), kanai no


poor , Idmmin (貧 巧).

the ,s party, mintb (民 黨).

the ,s rights, minken (民 灌).

Pepper, n. koshd.

cayenne , to-garasld.

caster, koshd-ire.

Coast, Koshd-kaigan (胡 淑’? 每

岸)’ ,
Pepper, t.v. ni/ koshd wo kake’ru.

Peppercorn, n. koshd no tsuhu, or

Peppermint, n. repr. by hakka.

oil of , hakkayu 荷 油).

Pepsin, n. * ; shbkwaso (消化 素).
Peptone, n. *.

Per, prep, ni tsuki ; (by means of)

half cent, cjorin (五 厘).

one …… cent (of money), ichihii

(一分) ; isshu (一 朱).

ten cent, (of money) ichi-

icari ; (one- tenth part) juhun (十
分) no ichi.

fifteen cent, IchiimH-golm.

annum, ikkanen ni ; nen ni.

mensem, ikkagetsu ni ; hito-

tsuJci ni.

l*erambulate, t.v. ico/kdhd (方々)
mawatte arulcii ; yilreJci (遊 歷) s ;
imn-yu (^^遊) s ; heareki (遍 藤) s ;
(a town or small area) hailcwai (f^^)
s ; (for purposes of inspection ) jun-
Icicai (巡回) .9.

Peraiiibiilate, i.y. to in

(ramble), icolsawpo (散歩) s ; ? co/
haikicai s.

Perambulator, n. iiha-g’iruma ;
mori- gumma ; behe-guruma.

Perceive, t.v. (behold) mi’va ; mi-
tsuke’ru ; mikake-ru ; (note) nijM qa
tsulcu ; (comprehend) etoku (會 f!}) s ;
rikicai (理會 ) s.

as you , cjoran (i$p^) no tdvL

Percentage, n. hyakuhun no hlrel ;
hyakuhun-hirei (百:^]: ヒ “B^lj) ; icari-ai ;
as, the of deaths was large,

shiho (死亡) no icarl-ai ga okatta ;
(commission) Iniai ; hbsen (口 錢);
iesuryo (手数料).

a of 6, nyakuhun no rofcu.

Perceptibility, n. me ni mieni
koto. ‘

Perceiltible, a. (easily seen) mi-
yasui ; (easily felt) wakari-yasui ;
kanji-yasui ; (clearly discernible, by
the eye) haklcirl waJcaru ; (by the
feelings) mekkiri icakaru.

to “be (to the sight), me ni mie-


Perceptibly, adv. (visibly) miru-
miru ; (noticeably) medaisa hodo.

Perception, n, (act of perceiving)
satori ; rlkwal (理 奮) ; (by the senses)
kaiikaku (感覺 ) ; (faculty) chikaJcu-
ryoku (郑 # 力) ; chikaku.

of quick , satori no hiycd ;

nomi-Jcomi no hayai.

Percll, u. (fish) repr. by suzuJci ;
(roost) tomari-gi.

Perch, i.v. tomaru.

! Perchance, adv. moshlya ; nvm-icM
(萬 一) ; liyolto shite.

Percolate, i.v tdru ; sannytl (港 人)

Percolate, t.v. kosu.

Percussion, n. huttsukarl ; (effect)
hihikl ; (med.) dashin (打診).

cap, raikwan (||^) ; kwan.

time and f ase, fulcudd-shin-

Icican (馥動 信管 レ

Peregrination, n. henreki し 遍歷 ).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 624 ]


Peregrine falcon, hayahusa.

Peremptorily, adv. kltto ; kippiri
to ; danzen (斷然 ) to ; iya-b nashi ni ;
rifujin (理不 金) ni ; (haughtily) dhei
ni. .
to enquire , najiri-tou.

Peremptoriness, n. (hauglitiness)
(橫 柄); (strictness) genju (厳重)
oia koto.

Per e mp t or y, a. genju wx ; bhei na.

order, genimei (嚴 命).

I give you leave to be as

as you please, katte ni waga-
mama ni sasete oku.

Perennial, a. (lasting throughout
the year) nenju (年中) aru ; (of a
spring) taema no nai ; kaiidan (間 斷)
no nai ; nenju yamanai ; (perpetual)
eitai (永代) no ; eikyu (永久) no ; (of
plants) nennen hana no saku.

JPereimial, n. shukkonsd (宿根草).

Pereiiiiially, adv. (ceaselessly) kan-
dan naku ; taema naJcu ; taeclzu ;
(for ever) Usu made iatte mq.

Perfect, a. (completed) shi-ageta ;
. kwansei no ; (not defective) fusoku
(不足) no nai ; Icicanzen (完全) no ;
onatiaku no ; zemhi (全 shita ;
(consummate) mbshihun no nai ;
(flawless) kidzu no nai ; mu-kidzu
no ; (complete, as, of a set) sorotta.

a likeness, iki-utsushi.

tense, sh&kwako (小過 去) ;

Jcwansel-jisei (完成 時制).
! Perfect, t.v. shi-age-ru ; mattaku s ;
kwanzen ni s ; kwansei (完成) s.

to one’s self (in an art), jo-

tatsu (上達) s,

! Perfection, n. (completion) shiage ;
(completeness) fusoku no nai koto ;
icwanzen na koto ; emman (圓滿 ).

Perfectly, adv. (completely) mat-
taku ; maru de ; jubu7i (十分) ni ;
(faultlessly) moshibun naku ; iibun

to be well known, shire-

kitte oru.

to understand , wakari-

Jciru ; mina wakaru ; yoku wakaru.

Perfidious, a. fnjitsu na ; jlfsu no
nai ; fucJm na ; Jugi 7ia.

Perfidiously, adv.fujitsunl ; facha
ni ; fugi ni.

Perfidy, n. fujU.su (不實 ) ; fuchii (不
忠) ; (不義).

Periorate, t.v. ni/ana wo ake-ru.

Perforation, n. (hole) ana ; (as, of
a stamp) ana ; uchi-nuki.

Perforce, adv. yamu ico edza ;
yondokoro naku.

Perform, t.v. v. Do ; (an obligation)
riled (履行) s [Com. Co.] ; (a ceremony)
shikko {#l^f ) s ; kyokd (擧 チ亍) s ; (as,
a promise) jikko (爱 行) s.

difficult to , yari-nihmi.

to a part (in a play), yaku

(役) wo s. ‘

to the duties of an office,

yaku wo tsutome-ru.

Perform, i.v. to on, (a stringed

instrument) wo/hiku ; (the koto)
shirdbe-ru ; danji-ru (彈) ; (a wind
instrument) wo/fuku.
Performance, n. (execution) jik-
ko ; sH-togeru koto ; shuttai (jii^) ;
(of a contract) riled [Civ. Co.] ; (the-
atrical, etc.) kdgyd.

circus , kyokuha-kdqyd (曲馬

興行). 一
rights of , kogydkea (興行


Performer, n. lie is a g-ood

on the flute, fue <ja jodzu (上手)

public s (as musicians, jug-
glers, etc.), geinin (藝 人).

Perfume, n. nioi ; koH (香 氣) ; ka ;
kaori ; (liquid) nioi-midzu ; kosui

to use , 《WH ICO ire-ru.

Perfume, t.v. (apply perfume) ni/
nioi wo ire-ru, or tsuke-ru ; (impreg-
nate with, scent) ni/nioi-waiaru.

Perfumery, n. kdsui-rui (香水 類) ;

Perfunctorily, adv. naozari ni ;
zatto ; nen (念) wo iredzu ni ; somcUsu
(粗末) れ” ike-zonzai ni [vulg.].

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 625 ]


Perfanctoriness, n. naozari ; fu-
chui (不注意) ; reitan (冷淡).

Perfunctory, a. zaito sJiita ; (in-
different) reitan na.

JPerliaps, adv. expr. by ka mo shire-
nai placed at the end of the sen-
tence ; aruiwa ; hyotio shitara ;
osoraku wa [these last two chiefly in
negative sentences].

it may be so, aruiwa so ka

mo shirenai.

Pericardium, n. shimpd (心 狼) ;

inflammation of the , sliin-

? i5m しじ、 囊 炎). ,

Pericarp, n. (of a chestnut, etc.)
iga ; no (^) [scientific term].

Pei’igee, n. kinchiten (近 地 點).

Perihelion, n. iaiyo (^H) yoH no
saikin-kyori (最近 距離); Icinjitsu-ien
(近日 點).

Peril, n. kiJcen (危臉 ) ; kennon ; kigai
(危害) ; kimm (危難),
yellow 5 kwojmkwa (黄人 禍).

Peril la ocymoides, e-goma.

! Perilous, a. Idken na ; kennon na ;
dbunai ; ayaui ; klnan na.

Perilousness, n. equiv. of Peri-
lous foil, by koto.

Perineum, n. e-in (會 陰); arl no

Period, n, (epoch) jidai (時代) ; ji-
setsu (時節) ; (end of a time) kigen
(朗 限) ; (of duration) kikan (期 閭) ;
(term of years) neiirjen ; (print.) ku-

first …… , dai-ikki (第一 期).
Periodical, a. (occurring at fixed
times) teiki (定期) no ; tolci no Jcimat-
ta ; (occurring from time to time)
toki-doJci no.

Periodical,’ n. mssM (雜 f き); teiji-

kanhobutsu (定時 flj 行 物).
Periodically, adv. toki zoo kitte.
Periosteum, n. kotsumaku (骨膜》
Periphery, n. sMi (周 圍).

Periphrase, Periphrasis,

uen (迁 遠) no Icotoha.
to use a , ii-mawasu.

Periplirastic, a. uen na ; mawari-

! Perish, i.v. horobi-ra ; metsuho (‘威 亡)
s ; (die) shinu.

Perishable, a. (liable to rot)
kusari-yasui ; tamochi no warui ;
waruku nari-yasui ; fuhai (腐 败) shi-
yasui ; (fragile) ko 観 re-yasui ; mor^oi.
articles, koioare-inono.

Peristaltic movement, juddsei-
undb (蠕動 性 運動).

Peritoneuin, n. fukumaku.

Peritonitis, n. fuhumaku-en (腹膜

Perityplilitis, n. mbchd-hdmalcuen
(盲腸 S 膜 炎) ; mdchden,

Periwinkle, n. (shell) kishago.

Perjure, t.y. to one’s self,

gisho s. .

Perjury, n. リ ishd ; ; 72’s7i5zar (偽證 罪)
[Gr. Co.].

Permanency, ii./w7″^/r《 (不朽) ; ei-
zoku (永 續) su7、u koto.

Permanent, a. eitai (永代) no ; eien
(tK^) no ; eikyii (永久) no ; eikyu-
teki (永久き 勺) no ; (as opp. to provi-
sional) honto (本 當) no ; (standing)

jocH (常置) no ; jbsetsu (常設) no ;
as, Court of Arbitration,

jdsetsii-chusai-saiba n sho (常設 (中 载裁
判 所).

official (holding life appt.),

shiishinkwan (終: ^ 官).

Permanently, adv. hiJci-fsudzuiie i
nagaku ; eitai ; eiJcyii.

Permeate, t.v. (of a liquid) nil
shimi-komu ; 卞 iiij saniiyil (ISA) s ;
(fig., as ideas) nilfiikyu {^^) s ; (as,
vices) nijkansm (惑 築) s.

Permissible, a. it is to, wctj

sashi-tsukae nai.

it is not to, icajywushUe


Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 626 】


; Permission, n. yurushi ; kyoka (ff
可) ; 戮 kyo (免許) ; kyodaku (許諾).

sDecial , tokkyo (特許).

without , midari ni ; koto-

wari nashi ni ; mudan (無 斷) ni ;
Icatte ni.

with your , go shochi (承

知) nara.

Permissive, a. dzui-i (隨 意) no ;

it is to do, shite mo shinaJcu-

te mo ii.

Permit, t.v. yurasu ; shochi s ; icyo-

ka s ; menkyo s.

to tacitly , moklcyo (默 許) s.

Permit, n. menjo ; menkyojo (免許

狀) ; (to inspect a place) jUranken (縱

曼 券).

special , tokkyoken (特許 IS) ;


Permutation, n. henkwa (蠻 ffc).
! Pernicious, a. gai ni nam ; yugai

(有害) ; gaidoku (害毒) no.
Peroration, n. keisuron (結論).
Perpendicular, a. suichoku no ;
enchoku no.

cliff, kittaUa galce ; zeppeki

(絕 壁); hydhu (屏風) wo tateta yd

na galce [lit. cliff like a screen].

line, suichokusen (垂 4 線) ;

enchokusen (錯 直 線).

to be out of the (of a wall),

Jcashiide oru.

to be , (standing) massugu ni

taite oru ; chokuritsu (直立) ,s ;
(hanging) massugu ni tarete oru.

Perpendicular, n. suichokusen.
Perpendicularly, adv. massugu
ni ; (as opp. to horizontally) tate ni.

Perpetrate, t.v. (a crime) okasu ;

hataraJcu ; okonau.
Perpetrator, n. (of an attack on
the person) kybkosha (MLf 亍 者); な ひ-
gaisha (加 * 者) [Cr. Co.] ; (of a mur-
der) geshunin (下手人).

tlie actual , te too kudashita


Perpetual, a. (without interaiis-
sion) taema no nai ; kandan (間 斷)
no nai ; (eternal) eikyu (永久) wo;
eitai (永代) no ; elen (《遠) no.

Perpetually, adv. shotchu ; sUju

Perpetuate, t.y. matsudai (末代) れ《
nokosu ; fuJcyu (不 j^) ni tmtae’ru.

Perpetuation, n. equiv. of Per-
petiiate foil, by koto,

of testimony , shoho-hozen

(證據 保全) [Civ. Pro.].

Perpetuity, n. lease in , eitai-

shalcuchiken (永代借地 攉),

Perplex, t.v. komarase-ru ; mayovoa-

to be ed, Jcomaru ; towaJcu

(當 惑) s ; ioho (途方) m kure-ru.

Perplexing”, a. (difficult to decide)
handan (タ j 斷) shi-nikui ; (complicat-
ed) Icomi-itta ; iri-kunda ; sakuzatsu
(錯 雄) shita.

Perplexity, n. komaru koto ; to-
waku ; meiwaku (迷惑) ; konkyaku

Perquisite, n. ho-machi ; (official)
yakuioku (役得.).

Persecute, t.v. kurushime-ru ; seme-
ru ; ijime-ru ; Jiakugai (迫害) s [esp.
of religious persecution] ; (oppress,
as a ruler) shietage-ru ; assei (歷制 j
s ; (maltreat) gyajcutai (虐待) s.

Persecution, n. hakugai ; gyajcu-
tai ; expr. also by equiv. of Perse-
cute foil, by koto.

Perseverance, n. shimho (辛抱) ;
nintai (忍耐).

Persevere, t.v. sJilmhd s ; nintai s.

Persevering’, a. shimbd-dzuyoi ;

Perseverin^ly, adv. shimbd-dzuyo-
ku ; nintai-dzuyoku.

Persia, n. Perusha (波 ^r)’
Persian, a. Perusha no ; (produced

in Persia) Ferusha-san no.
Persian, n. (native) Perusha-jm ;

(language) PerUsha-go.

Persimmon, n. kaki,

dried , hoshi-gaki ; (in boxes)

koro-gaki ; (on skewers) kushir

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 627 3


Persist, i.v, (used absolutely) gajo
(5 虽 ft) wo haru.
to …… in, (an opinion) wojkataku

totte ugolcanai ; wo/kqji (由 持) s ;
(followed by a verbal uouii) shiite,
or tatte, foil, by pres. tense of yb. ;
koto wo do shite mo yosanai follow-
ing vb. * *

to in saying”, ii-haru ; shu-

chd (主張) s.

Persistency, n. (teaaoity) fugyd-
fukutsu (不撓不屈).

Persistent, a. (tenacious) fugyb-
fukutsu na ; (in a bad sense) shitsu’

rain, yami-ma mo nai ame.

Persistently, adv. shitsukoku.

Person, n. hito ; mono ; jimhuisu (人
物); (polite) kata ; o Jeata ; [a.n. nin
(人) ; mei (ま)]; in Chin, compounds,

-jin ; -sha ; as, juridical , hdjin

(法人) ; third s, daisansha (第

ョ者) ; (face and figure) kao-katachi ;
yoho (容貌); (body) shintai ; as, to

search, tlie , shintai (身 體) wo

sosaku (搜 索) (gram.) nijisho (人

M) ; as, first , daiichininshd ;

ichininsho ; second nininsho ;

third , sanninsho.

in , ji&M れ (自分) de ; jishin (自

M)ct^ ; (politely) go jishin ni ; also
expr. by honnm (永 人); as, h©
must com© in • , honnin ga
Tconakereba mranu.

Personable, a. ydbd no yoi ; oshi’
dashi no yoi ; johin (上品) na.

Personagre, n. jimhutsu ; (noble
person) Jciken (貴 歲) no kata ; kijin
(貴人) ,• ue4sugata.

Personal, a. (done in person) jiki-
jiJci no ; jika no ;. (individimi, not
general) ifckojin no ; kojin-teki (MA
的) no; (peculiar to an individual)
jibun halmri no.

for one’s use, jihunyo (自分

/fl) no ; jiyd m.

o»e,s , jihm no ; jijm (自家)

no; JiJeoi^’^) no,

affairs, shiji (私事).

••;;•• Q’Vpeara.neBjmpln (人品);

‘prop.oun, jiiK^ai^meishi (人 代


property (moveables), dosan

(動產 )•

to have a interview with,

to/jijci-dan (直談) wo s.

to make remarks, kao no

tana,orosM wo s.

Personality, n. jimhutsu (人物);
jimpln ; jinkaku (人格).

to admire the , of, no j jim-
hutsu ni Iceifuku (敬 伏) s.

Personally, adv. (directly) jika ni ;
jiki’-jiki ni ; choJcusetsu (jlC 接) ni ;
jikl-tsuTce ni ; (for my own part)
watalcushi dake wa ; (in person) expr.
by honnin ; tbnin (當 人); as, I saw
him honnin ni att ひ,

Personate, t.v. (fraudulently) tojsa-
sno (詳稱 ) s ; (assume the name of)
nojna wo Jcdtaru ; (assume the
character of) toltonm’ru ; (on the
stage) nolyaku (役) m s ; fun (扮) s ;
sum ; (general) nolmane wo s ; kari
ni to nam.

Personation, n. (act of) equiv. of
Personate foil, by koto.
false …… j $asho.

Personify, t.y. ningen (人 晴) ni
nazorae’Va, or katadoru.

Personnel, n. (as opp. to materiel)
hito ; jin-in (人 晨) ; (body of officials)
shoku-in (職員).

Perspective, n. enkln (遠近) ; (laws
of) haikeihd (觐 景 法).

Perspicacious, a, satori no hayai ;
wakari no hayai.

Perspicacity, n. (sagacity) reirl (伶

met (聰明). ^

Perspicuous, a, meiryo (明 嘹)

meihaku (明白) tk^.
Perspiration, n. 議; (process of
perspiring) hakkan-

medicine to induce , hak-

kanzai (錢汗 劑).

profuse (fr 賺 fright, pain,

©tc.), ahura-ase.

to be in a cold (from fright),

hiya-ase wo kaite i-ru,

to induce , ase wo torn.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 628 ]


l*erspire, i.v. wa]ase ga de-ru ; ase
wo kaku ; ase ni nam.
to get into a profuse ,

hisshoi’i ase wo kaku.

IPersuade, t.v. toki-tsuke-ru ; settoku
to try to to, yo ni susume-ru.

J*ersuasion, n. toki-tsukeru koto ;
(advice) kwankoJcu (勸告 ) ; (exhorta-
tion) setsuyu (說 諭) ; seitoku (說 得).

! Persuasive, a. (in speech) kuchi no
: umai ; settoku no urmi ; settoku no
: jodzu (上手) na ; kudokl-jddzu na.

Persuasively, adv. to speak ,

jodzu ni settoku s.

Persuasiveness, n. equiv. of Per-
suasive foil, by koto.

Pert, a. koshalcu (/J 、續) na ; komas-
‘ shakureta.

Pertain, i.y. to . … to (belong to),
‘ nijzoku (屬) s ; (concern) nilkwan
. (關) s. .

Pertinacious, a. shUsukoi ; gojo
(强 ti”) れ” ; shitsuyd (執 換) na.

P!ertiii^ciousl y, adv. gojo ni ;
shitsukoku. .

Pertinacity, n. shUsukoi koto ;

Pertinency, n. tekisetsu ; tekito ;

Pertinent, a. tekisetsu (適切) na ;

; tekitd (適 當) mi ; gaisetsu (逗七 力) na.

Pertinently, ady. tekisetsu ni ; teki-
td ni ; gaisetsu ni.

Pertly, adv. koshalcu ni ; komas-
shakurete ; de-sugite.

Pertness, n. koshalcu ; de-sugi.

Perturb, t.v. sawagasu.

Perturbation, n. ddyo (動 搖)
(astron.) Icahudo (攪 動).

Perusal, n. ichiran (一 覽) ; etsuran

, efsw?ofcM: (閱讀 )•

careful , julcuran (熟 覽)

.”• ■ jukudoku. .

Peruse, t.y. ichiran s ; ichidoku s
kemi s.

Peruvian, a. Fern 、露) nd.

Pervade, t.T. nijiki-wataru ; ni/michi-

Perverse, a. iganda ; jakyoku
曲)? 1 な.

Perversely, adv. igande ; ; (philan-
thropic principles) hakuai-shugi (t§.
愛 細.

Philip, n. (St.) Pinpo.

Pllilippians, n. (epistle) Pinpi-sho.

Philologist, n. hakugen-gakusha (博
言學 者); gmgo-gcikwsha 語馨 考レ,

Philology, n. hakugen-gaku ; gengo-
gaku ; gogaku.

comparative , hikaku-haku-

gengaku (比較 博言學 )•

Philosopher, n. ietsugakusha (哲學
者) ; (sage) seijin (聖人).

UJimese (Confucianist), ju-

. sha (儒者).

jPliilosopliical, a. ietsugaku-teJd no ;
ietsugaku no ; (acquiescent) afcirame
no yoi.

Philosopliy, n. teisugaku.

Chinese (Confucian), judo

(儒道). ^

mental , shinrigaku (心理

moral , ddtokugaku (道 德學) :

natural , rigaku {^^).

l*liilti*e> n. hore-gusuri.
Phimosis, n. hokyo (包 g).
PllleWtis, n. seimyaku-nairmTcueh

(靜脉 内膜 炎).
Phlebotomy, n. shiraku (刺絡);

hoketsu (放 血).
pMegm, n. ian ; tm-eki
Phlegmatic, a. id no nagai ; oitori

Phoca, n foetida, azarashi.

Phoenix, n. Kdd (臘 凰).

the Hall (in the palace), hoo

no Ttia.

PliOiietic^ a. hatsuon-dori (發 音) no.

character, ompuji (音符 字) ;

seionji (聲 音字).

Phonetic, n. (of a character, with
radical on left) tsukuri.

Plionograpli, n. cUkuonki (蓄昔

Plionolog’y, n. onseigaku (音聲

Phospliate, n. rinsan-en (;^ 酉 續).
s (as manure), i hiryo-rinsan (ffi

料憐 酸). , ,

of lime, rinsan-sekkwai (石

fH) ; rinsan-karuki.

of soda, rinsan-soda.

of zinc, rinsan-aen (憐


syrup of , rinsan-sairoppu.

syrup of iron , rinsantetsu-


Pliospliorescence, n. rinkwo tsumamu ; (a fallen
child) okosu.
Pick, i.v. to …… up (affer illness),

genki-dzuku, . つ

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 632 ]


Pick-axe, n. tsuru no hashi ; tsump-
jp な ; tsuru.

Picked, a. (select) seisen (椅 撰)
shita ; eri-nuki no. 、
troops, seihei (精兵).

Picket, n. (mil.) mikari ; shohei ; (of
boycotters) tachi-ban ; mihari.

s (as obstacles), rangui’ (亂

杭)’ ‘
line of s, shoheisen (Pg 兵 線).

Pickle, t.v. (with, salt) tsuke’ru.
Pickle, n. (bran and salt used in
Japan for pickling) nuka-miso.

s, tsuke-mono ; (with salt) Jco-

ko ; shiot.mke ; kd no mono.
dish., tesliio-zara.

Pickled, a. (in salt) shio-dzuke no ;
(in vinegar) su-dzuke no.

aaikon, taJcuan ; daikon no


Pickpocket, n. suri ; kinchakJcin ;
: chibo [W. Japan] ; (on railway) hako-
. shi.

loewaxe of s, suri no vdmi

t (御用 心). ‘
Picnic, n. yusan (遊山); (for seeing

flowers) hanami-yusan.
Picnic-box, n. hentb-hako.
Pictorial, a. (illustrated) e-iri no.
Picture, n. e.

ancient , kogwa (古 耋).

comic , tdba-e ; odoke-e ; kyo-

‘ 勢 (狂 讜) ; gigwa (戯讓 ).

framed , gaku (額).

hanging , kake-mono [if

wider than it is high, often called a
‘ yoko-mono.

living” s, kwatsudd-shashin

(活動 寫眞 )•

obscene s, warai-e ; shunnwa

•’ (春 塞).

‘ exhibition, Jcwaigwa-tenran-

hwai (ft 籣展覽 會).

in 3 sheets, sammai-

‘ tsudzulci,

on a roll, maki-mono.

s and scrolls, shogwa (書 蠭).

raised ……s, oshi-e [doll-like

figures attached to paper].
, set oi o s
dokusatsu (寄 殺) s ; (of a doctor, by
mistake) mori-JcGrosu.

… …ed arrow, dolcuya.

to be ed (by something

eaten), nijaterare-ru ; chudoku ( 中
毒) s.

to be ed by nsn, salcana ni

ed with lacquer,

urushi ni kahure-ru, or make-ru.

Poisoner, n. dokugaisha ; doJcu-

Poison-fa n«’, n. dokuba.

[ 644 ]


Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 645 ]


Poisoning’? n. (act) dokugai ;
(effect) chudoku.

lead , endoku 毒).

nitric acid , shosan-doku (5f

酸 毒).

Poisonous, a. doku ni nam ; doku

fish, dokugyo (毒魚).
, insect, dokumushi.
snake, dokuja (毒!! f^).

Poke, t.v. tsutsuku ; isuku ; (the fire)
kaki-tate-ru ; tcaki-mawasu ; kaku.

Poker, n. hi-kaJci.

Poker-work, n. yaki-e.
Poland, n. Forando (波 蘭).

Polar, a. (physics) Icyoku- ; as,

axis, kyoklcei {%^).

bear, shiro-kuma.

north circle, hokkyokukican

(北極圏). *

south. circle, nankyokukioan


Pole, n. sao ; ho ; (for scaffolding)
maruta ; (physics) Icyoku (極).

bamboo , iake-zao.

coolie’s … . , temUmho (天辦 奉).

negative , shokyoku (消、 ii).

positive , sekkyoku (ま fe).

north. , hokkyo’ku (;! ヒ §)•

south. 5 nankyoku

telegraph. , dmshin-bashira .

the two s, rydkyoku (兩 極).

Pole, t.v. (a barge) sao-sasu.

Pole, n. (native of Poland) Porando-

Polecat, n. I’epr. by itachi.

Pole-jumpiiig-, n. sao-toU.

Polemical, a. ronsd-teki i( 論爭 的)
no ; giron-teki (議論 6 勺) れ o.

Pole star, n. hokusMn (;! ヒ辰) ; hok-

kyokusei (; j ヒ極 星).
Police, n. (abstract) keisatsu ; (con-
stables) keisaisukwan (警察官).

administrative , gybsei-kel-

satsu (行政 警察).

Chief Commissioner of Metro-
politan , keishi-sokan (警視

ま 監).

chief of a station, keisaisu-

shocho (簀察 署長) [often shortened
to shocho.

chief, or superintendent, of

(of a prefecture), keihucho (警

部 10.

officer oi ludicial , shiho-kei-

satsukwan (司 ft 警察官) [Cr. Pro.].

Bureau (in the Home Dept.),

keiho-kyoku (警保 局 ).

box, kobansho (交番 所); ha-

^hutsxijo (派出所).

…… cells, ryiichi-jo (留匱 所) [Cr.

constable, or officer ,力 ms こ i ;

keisaisukwan ; keikwan.

court, Jcelzai-saihansho (IjiM

罪 裁判所).

fine, kwaryb (科料).

inspector, Jcelbu ; (in towns,

shi (市)) keishi (警, 視) ; assistant

inspector of , keihuho (警部

稲) [Cr. Pro.]. ”

offences, ikeizai.

sergeant, junsa-hudib (巡査

部長). *

station, keisatsusho (警察

署) ; tamuro.

supervision, kanslii (監視)

[Cr. Co.].

surgeon, kelsatsu-i (警察 醫).

water , suijo-keisatsu (フ jc 上 軽


Police, a. helmtsu no.

Policeman, n. junsa ; keisaisu-
kwan ; keikwan ; o mawarl san [used
by women].

,s box (at entrance to a

public office), miliar i-jo.

Policy, n. selsaku (政 镜) ; hoshin (方
針) ; sdr お aku (政略) [of a govt.] ;
(method) hoho (方 争) ; kvfil (工夫).

England’s Chinese , Eikoku

no taishin-seisaku (對、 j^it さ 策),
financial , zaisei-seiryaJcu (財

政 政 fS”).

foreign , (iic a ilcd-seiryaku (夕ト

交 政 晷).

national , kokuze (國是 ) ;

kokuron (國 論).

of insurance, hoken-shdken

(保險 證券) [Com. Co.] ; hoJcen-shd-

the best , tokusaku (得策) ;

josaku (上策).

Hosted by



[ 646 ]


Policv-lioUler, H. U-hokensita (被


Polisli, n. (lacquer) urushi : (glossi-
ness) tsuya ; kicotaku (光? 畢 )•

briglit …… (of a sword), hon-togi.

dull , shira-togi.

Polish, t.v. mi(jaku ; dn, which is often
loosely used for lb., is the catty = 160
momme or hyakurokvju-me ICO haJcaru ; (rebellion, etc.)
sendo ) s ; (in rank) age-ru ;
shoshin (^xfc) sase-ru.

to “be d (in rank), shoshin s ;

shbkyu (昇級) s.

to “be .. d to be, nllsusnmerare’
ru ; nijsnosldn s.

Promoter, n. (of a company,
scheme, etc.) hokklnin (f^iiA.) [Com.
Co.] ; (of sedition, etc.) senddsha (煽
動 者).

Promotion, n. (of an industry) sho-
rei ; (in position) shoshin ; shbkyu ;
(with transfer) eiten (榮 [polite

Prompt, t.Y. (incite) odate-ru ; nij
fuki-komu ; ni/chie ico tsuke-m ; (of a
prompter) osMe’ru.

Prompt, a. sumiyaka na ; jinsoku
(迅速) M ; hinkimtsu (敏活) na.
answer, sokutd (速 答).

Prompter, n. kdken (後見) ; (Japa-
nese theatre) kuromho [so called from
ms black clothes and veil].

Pro】iii)titu(l e, n. jinsoku.

jrrornptly, adv. sumiyaka nl ; chitai
(遲 滞) naku ; torl-aedzu ; (on the
spot) sono ha de.

Promulgate, t.v. (laws) kbfu (公布)
s ; happii (ぎ ま: ffi) s ; (proclaim) sengen
(宣言) s. ‘

Promulgation, n. kbfu ; happu.

of the constitution, kem-

pd’happu (憲法 發 布).

I*rone, a. (face downwards) utsxibushi

to cliang’e, kaicari-yasui.

to be … to, expr. by yaya mo
sureba preceding, or kuse ga aru
following, the pres. tense of aDpro-
priate vb.

Prong”, n. mata.

Pronged, a. two , futa-mcda


Pronominal, a. daimeishi no.

Pronoun, n. daimeishi.

interrogative , gimon-dai-

mefsM (疑問代名詞). ‘

personal , jm-daimeisJd (人

代 名 f き).

relative , kicankei-daimeishl

(關係 代名詞).

Pronounce, t.v. U-dasu ; (an opini-
on) kudasu ; haku ; (a judgment) ii-
watasu ; mdshi-icatasu ; (decide that
a tiling is) to/niniei (認定) s ; to/
mitome-ru ; (declare) to/meigm (,言)
s ; to/kdgm (公言) s ; sengen {‘m’W)
s ; (utter rhetorically) tonae-ru ; (a
language) hatsuon (§| 耷) s ; (a dis,
course) iiobe-ru.
lie d the picture a for-
gery, e wa nisemono da to kantei
(鑑 shita.

to sentence of death, shi-

kei (死刑) れ’ ひ ii- 而 tasu, or senkoku
(宣告) s.

Pronounced, a. (positive) danzen
(斷然 ) to shita ; danko (斷 乎) to

Pronouncement, n. (making
public) happyd (發 表).

Proiioiinciiig’, a. hatsuon wo shime-

Proiiuncia】uento, n. sengen (Hr

言). 一
Pronunciation, n. on ; hatsuon
(發 音) ; (of a word) tonae-kaia ; (of a
Cninese character) jion (字音); on ;
Japanese reading of a character) kun
(訓 ).

his is indistinct, ano hito

wa roretsu (呂歹 ij) ga ma 観 ranai.
Proof, n. shoko (^據 ) ; shdseki (證
跡) ; (printer’s) kosei ; shita-zuri ;
kokoromi-zuri ; kosei-zuri (校正 招);
kyogo-zuri (校合 摺) ; (photographic)
mihon (見本).

certai.i , kakusho (確 證).

m OI, no shoko to suite.

inspection of s (in loco),

kenshb (檢證 ) [Cr, Pro., Civ.


to aftord of, 100/ sho suru nl


Hosted b ん 00 ヌ


Proof, a. (up to standard) hydjun-.

dori no ; hydjun (標準) Tii tekigo (適

合) shita, or aita.

ibullet , tama-gotae no yoi.

fire ……. hokwa (防’ A) no ; ^ hi-

gotae no yoi ; fire brick,

taikwa-rengwa (輯 lA: 煉武 )•

to be against, ni/makenai.

, water , midzu-gotae no yoi ;

midzu no torenai ; hosui (防水) no.

Proof-reader, n. kdsei-gakari.

Proof-reading’, n. kdsei 欣 正).

Prop, t.Y. to up, ni/kau ; ni/

isukJcai wo s.

to up against, 7ii/tate-kake-


to up with, ni wo kau.

Prop, n. tsukkai-hd ; tsukkai ; isup-
pari ; shimhari ; sasae ; (to a tree)
yashinai ; kanatsume.

Propaganda, n. (of a rehgiOD )
fukyoho (布教 法) ; denddhd (傳道 法).

Propagandism, n.fukyd.

Propajrandist, n. jukydsha ; den-
dosha (傳導 者).

Propa gate, t.v. (animals and
plants) fuyasu ; hanshoku (番植 )
sase-ru ; (opinions, religion, etc.)
hiroge-ru ; hirome-ru ; dempa (簿播 j
sasC’Tu ; hampu (播 布) s.

Propagate, i.v. (of animals and
plants) /we-ru ; hanshoku s.

Propagation, n. (of animals and
plants) tianshoku ; (of a religion) fu-
kyo ; dendo ; sempu (宣布) ; (dis-
semination of ideas, etc.) dempa (j¥
播) ; hampu ; (of disease) dempa.

Propel, t.v. shinko (進行) sase-ru.

to “be led by, dejshinlco s ;

de/susumu ; (of macnmery) de/un-

ten (gfl) s ; to be led by

the wind (inYoliuitarily), kaze ni

Propeller, n. screw , rasen-

suishinJci (螺旋 推進機).

twin s, so-anska (双暗車).

Propensity, n. kuse.


Proper, a. (peculiar) mochimae no ;
(appropriate) soo (相 應) na ; soto (相
當) na ; tekito (適 當) na ; (correct)
tadashii ; (in deportment, etc.) gyogi
(^T^) ^ tadashit.

it is only riglit and , tdzen

(當然 ) na koto, da ; sMio (至 當) na
koto da ; atarimae da.

Japan (as dist. from Formosa,

Yezo, etc.), I/cmd ひ (本土); ri^icTii

(內 地); Cliina , Shina-hondo.

noun, koyu-meishi (固有 名


that is not the ..;… one, sore ja

the department, tdgai-

kwancho (當 該官廳 ). 一

to be to Japan, Mhon-toku-

yil (特有), or tokusan (特 建), de aru.
to deem , soid to mitome-ru.

Properly, adv. tadashiku ; chanto.

speaking, zentai (全体) ;

honrai (本 來).
Property, n. (peculiar quality)
tokushitsu (特霣 ) ; mochimae ; (things
owned) misan
sdba (相場) ; jika (時 傳) ; (that whicli
is quoted) hiki-goto ; ins/id (引證 )•

Quote, t.v. hiku ; inyo s.
Quote, i.v. insho s ; hiki-goto s ;
(com.) shirusu.

Quot liomines tot sententiae,

junin tO’iro (十 入 十 色). ‘
Quotidian ague, hi-okori.
Quotient, n. (arith.) tokusii (得- 數).


teabbit’, n. usagi [also applied to the
hare] ; tiankm-usagi.

Kabble, n. (lower classes) semmin
(賤民); shimo-jimo ; shita-jita ; (mob
of rioters) homin (畢 民) ; mo (暴徒) ;
wr/o (烏 合) れ sei (勢), or to (黨 )•

Kabicl, a. (extreme) gekiretsu (激烈 }
na. •

dog”, yamai-inu [pron. yama-

mu ; kyoken (狂犬).

to be (mad), wa]ki ga kurutfe


Hosted by


s ^し


[ 689 ]


Kabies, n, kyosuibyd (恐水病) ; kyd-
kemhyo (狂犬病).

! Race, n. (of human beings) jmshu.

S, jinrui (人類).

black s, kokushoku-jinshu (黑

色 人種).

liunian , ningen (人間).

red s, doshoku-jinshu (銅^5,人


wiiite s, hakuseki-jinshu (白

人種) [sometimes read hakutetsu-
jinshu] ; hakushokii-jinshu.

yellow s, kicoshoku-jinshu


liace, n. (contest) a.n. ban (番 ).

boat , funa-kake ; tantei-kyo-

so (短艇 競漕).

foot , kakekkura ; kakekko ;

^yoso (競走).

horse , uma-Jcake ; keiba (競


one-legged , ikkyaku-kyoso

(一 脚 競走). 1

three-legged , sankyaku-


±tace, i.Y. kake-ru ; kyosd s ; (try to
get first) saki wo arasou.

Kacecourse, n. keibajd (競馬 蕩);

haha (馬 蕩).
Raceliorse, n. keiba-uma ; keihayd-

urm (競馬 用 馬).
! Racial; a. jinshu-teki (人種的) no.
Rack, n. (cogged bar) hashigo.

arms , juka ま 架).

clothes , iko-kake.

pen , fude-kake.

rail, hagata no senro (線路).

sword , katam-kake.

to go to and ruin, dai-

nashi ni naite shimau.

to put to the , gomon (拷問)

ni kake-ru.

Rack, t.Y. kurushime-ru.

to Ibe ed with (pain), ni/


to one’s brains, nd wo shi-


! Racket, n. (noise) sawagi.

! Racketty, a. sozosMi,

! Racoon-faced dog”, ianukl

Kacquet, n. (tennis) *.

Kacy, a. omoshiromi no aru ; kyomi
(興味) 710 aru ; fimi (風味) no am.

! Radiance, n. kagayaki ; liihari ;

to to the same denomina-
tion, ichimei (一名) ni naosu.

to sell at a d price, miJcitte

uru ; article sold at a d

price, mikiri-mono.

; Reduction, n. (in amount) herashi ;
hdbuki ; gensho ; keigen (齒咸 ) ; (in
size) shuJcusho (縮 少); (disco 皿 t}
wari-hiki ; (expenses) setsugen.

a in price, ne-Mki.

of a punishment, genket

(减 刑). ^ ,

of armaments, gumoi-

shuJcusho (軍備 縮 少).

of duty, genzei (减说 )•

to make a (in price), hiku.

Redundance, n. yokei (餘 計) na

Kedimdant, a. yokei na ; yobun (餘
分) na ; kwahun (過分) na. 一

expression, z&xqen 言).

to be , amaru.

Keduplicate, t.y. nijii (二重) れ i s ;
(repeat) kuri-kaesu ; hampuku (反覆)

Keduplication, n. nijn ni sum
koto ; kuri-lcaesM ; Immpuku.

Ke-eclio, i.v. IdUku ; hankyd (反響)

Keed, n. yoshi ; asU ; (used for

thatching) kaya ; (of a loom) aze.
Keecl-bliud, n. yosUdzu.
Keed- warbler, n. Eastern ,


Schrenck’s , ko-yoshikeri.

Keedy, a. yoshi no oi.

Keef, n. shomyaku (礁 脈); (sub-
merged) ansho (喑碟 ) ; kakure-iwa ;
(of ore) myaku (脈).

Hosted by^^OOQle


[ 705 ]


Keef, t.Y. cTdjime’ru.

Keef-points, n. cMjime-nawa.

Keek, i.v. expr. by kusai ; as, s

of smoke, kemuri-kusai ; (to-
bacco) tdbako-kusai.

Keeking’, a. (of moisture) mushi-
kusai ; (of steamy warmth) mushi-

lie el, n. (small) waku [a thin piece of
wood 4 or 8 cornered] ; (European
shape) Uo-maki ; maiha, or kase, is a

which revolves horizontally, and

is used for winding off skeins ; bga
is a silk-reeling machine.

Keel, t.v. malcu ; (spin and wind)

[Reel, i.v. yoroke-ru ; yorotsuku ; yoro-

meku ; hyoro-hyoro aruku.
He – elect, t.v. saisen (再選) s [Com.


to “be ed, saisen sare-ru.

Ke-election, n. (election of a per-
son a second time) saisen ; (of an
assembly, new members replacing
old) kaisen (改選).

He-embark, i.v. futa-tdbi fune ni
nori-komu ; futa-tahi josen (乘 船) s.

Ke-eml>ark, t.Y. futa-tahi fune ni
tsumi-Jcomu ; (passengers) futa-tahi
fune ni norl-komase-ru.

He-enact, t.v. saido seitei (再度 制
定) s.

Ke – enforce, t.Y. (an army) ni/em-
pei wo okuru ; no/Aei wo masu.

Ke-entbrcements, n. (additional
troops) empei (援兵) ; engun (援軍).

Ke-eng]ag’e, t.v. (for another term
of service), yatoi-tsudzuke-ru ; (mil.)
saieki sase’ru.

d man, saiyakusha (再 役者).

Ke-enlist, i.v. saido nyutai (再度 人
膝) s.

IRe-enter, i.v. futa-tahi hairu ;

(service) saikin (再勤) s.
Ke – enter, t.Y. (in an account-book)
sai-kinyu (再 記 人) s.

to public life, mata yo ni

de-ru ; saigen (再現) s.

Re-entrant angle,. ofcafcw (|HI 角).

He-entry, n. application for

(of a house), ake-watashi no seikyu

to grant of, wo I ake-watas’u*

Re-erect, t.v. tate-naosu ; (a temple)
saikon [^^) s.

Ke- establish, t.v. futa-tahi setsu-
rltsu (設立) s ; sairitsu (再 立) s.

to “be ed (in health), Icwai-

fuku (回復) s.

Ke-establivSliment, n. sairitsu ;

Keeve, t.v. tdsu.

He-examination, n. (of facts, etc.)
mi-chbsa 調査) ; sai-kensa (再檢
査); (of a witness) sai-jimmon
Fp^)[Civ. Pro.].

Ke-examine, t.v. futa-tabi shirdbe-
ru ; saido (- 胃-度) kensa s ; saishin (再
審) s.

He- export, t.v. tsumi-modosu ; tsumi-

Ke-export, n. sai-yushutsuhm (再輸

He-exportation, n. tsumi-modo-
shi ; sai-yushutsu.

Hefectory,:!!. jUn (寺院) no shokudd

Refer, t.Y. (give in charge) makase-ru ;
itaku (委托 ) s ; (send for information)
mawasu ; (for an opimon) toi-awase-
ru ; (to a superior) ukagau.

to “back (to a lower Court),

sashi-modosu [Civ. Pro ふ

to (a matter) to (the proper

atithorities), [sono suji e) shinkoku
(ま 告) s ; rinkoku (裏 告) s ; shokwai

(照會 ^ s’ –
to to (as, a bill to a commit-
tee), nilfutaku (r#|£) s.

to to arbitration, chusai (仲

裁) nifu ま) s” or makase-ru,

to (one person) to (another),

nazasu [with ni after name of
person referred, 職 after that of
person to whom referred].

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 706 ]


Refer, to back to (a date,

as, of a right), nij saka-nohoru.

to to (consult, as, a book of

reference) wo jsanko (參考 ) れ i s ; (a
subject in speaking) no j koto ni
oyohu ; nijii-oyobu ; (for an opin-
ion) ni/toi-awase-ru ; (a superior)
nilukagau ; (have reference to)
woliu ; wo/sashite iu ; (relate to)
ni/kwanlcei (關 係) s ; ni/kwan s ;

nilkaTcari-au; ring- to, ni

tsuite no ; ni kwansuru ; to

(vide), wo I miyo ; sansho (參照 ).

Referable, a. to be (due) to,

nilgen-in (原因) s ; ni/kiin (基 @) s.

Keferee, n. (umpire) shlmpan (審
列 ) ; (arbitrator ) chusai-nin (仲裁人).

in case of need (on a bill),

yobi-shiharainln [Com. Co.].

HeferencCj n. (for opinion) toi-
awase ; (unsworn -witness) sankonin
(參考 人) [Cr. Pro.] ; (passage referred
to) hiki-goto ; わん v5&w れ (引用文) ; ins/io
(弓 1 證); (marginal, etc.) mi-dashi ;
sansho (參 照) ; (to another’s charact-
er, etc.) shbkainm (紹介 人); (do.
written) shbkaijo (紹介 获); (surety
for a servant) mimoto-hikiukenin.

easy of , midashi-yoi, or


for convenience of , mi-
dashi ni.

for purposes of , sanko no


to arbitration (the agree-
ment to refer), chusai-keiyaku (沖
裁 契約) [Civ. Pro.].

to have to, ‘loojiu ; ico/sashite

iu. •

with. to, ni tsuite ; ni t sulci ;

ni Jcicanshlte.

work of , sanicosho (參考 書).

Referencliim, n. sMsen-tdhyd (私
選 投票 )-

Keline, tv. (sugar, etc.) seisei (靖 製)
s ; yakl-naosu ; (a metal) fuki-wake-
ru ; seiren (-)|^ 鍊) s ; (make elegant)
shi-age-ru ; migaJcu.

Keliiied, a. (in taste) as sari shita ;
(in manners) furyu (風”^) na ; (not
riistic) miako-fil na ; miyahita ; (of
sugar, etc.) seisei shita.

Ketinement, n. fiiryu (MM) ; (cul-
ture) kyokwa (教 fft ; bunkwa (文化).
Refiner, n. seiseisha (精製 者).
Kelinery, n. seiseijo (精製 所); sel-
renjo (精 M 所)’

oil , seiyujo (精油所).

sugar , seitojo (精糖 所).

Ke-lire, t.v. (tea) hbji-naosu.

! Refit, t.v. (repair) tsukurou ; shufuku

(修復) s ; shuzen (修 •) s.
Relit, i.v. shuzen wo kuwae ru.
Reflect, t.v. utsusu ; (light, heat, etc.)


Reflector, n. hansha-‘bdenkyo (反 財
MMM) ; (of a lamp) hanshatcyo.

iReflex, a action, mu-ishUci (無

意識] no dosa (動作) ; hansha-sayo

Keflexive, a. (gram.) saiJci- ; hansho-

pronoun, saiki-claimeishi {^y

歸 名詞).

Kefiiix, n. (fig., reaction) hando [Jx.

flux and (of the tide), [shio

no) sashi-hiki, or michi-hiki ; kam-
man (于滿 ).

It e -Ibid, t.v. iatami-naosiL

lieform, i.v. kaishin (改, じ、) s ; kokoro
wo ire-kcie’ru ; Icatagi ni nam.

Keform, t.v. aratame-ru ; (polit.) Jcai-
kaku (&苹 ) s; kaisei (改正) s
(morals & manners) kyosei (^iE) s
. (a profligate) kankwa (怒 f 匕) s ,
(abuses, etc.) sasshin (刷新) s; (a
process) kairyo (改 5) s ; nipcairyd
ICO kuwae-ru.

ing” influence, Jcankwa-ryo-

fc” (惑 化 力).

Keform, n. (polit.) kaikaku ; kaisei ;
(of manners) kyosei ; (of persons)
kankwa [by moral suasion] ; kaishin
[as a result of repentance]; (of abuses,
etc.) sasshin.
administrative and financial

, gydsei-zaisel-seiri (行政 財政

整理). ‘

of manners, fuzoku-kydsei

(虱 俗 矯正) ; kyofa. ‘

party (in China), kaiJcaku-ha

(‘次 苹 派).

Reformation, n. (polit.) kaikaku ;
(religious) shukyd-kaikaku (宗教 改
%) ; (of persons) kankwa ; v. also
Reform, n.

Keformatory, n. kankwa-in (惑 化
院); (for juvenile offenders) chdiiid
. 灘揚) [Cr. Co.].

! Reformed, a. kaishin shita ; kataku
naita ; kairyo (改; shita.

…… church, kaikaku-kyok wai (改

苹教會 ). ‘

the Churches (of the U.S. in

Japan), Mppon-Kirisuto-kydkwai.

Ke former, n. (polit. & relig.) kai-
kakusha (改苹 者); (of morals &
manners) kyoseisha {‘^iE^).

hefract, t.v. kussetsu (屈折) s.

ing- telescope, v. Refrac-

Refracxion, n. kussetsu ; kuklcyoku.

of light, k icdsen-kuklcyoJcu

(光線 屈曲). ‘

Kefractor, n. kussetsu-hdenkyd (屈
折 望遠鏡).

Kefractoriness, n. icaga-mmim- ;
Oojo (强 情).

Jiefractory, a. (unmanageable) rjyo-
shi-gatai ; (of children, etc.) loaga-
mama nor, gojo na ; (of meifils) jiyu
(自由) れ i naranai.

Kefrain, i.v. hikae ru.

to from, wo I yame.ru ; (a

luxury) tatsu,

to from wine, saJce-dachi ic ひ

s ; kinshu 酒) s.

! Refresh, t.y. yashinau ; nol]d wo
seisei sase-ru ; no I lei wo sdJcwai (爽’
ni .9.

to feel ed, sawayaka ni nam ;

wa]ki ga sappari to’ s] wa]ki ga
seisei s.

Kefresliing, a. seisei (淸 々 ) suru ;
ki no sappari sin’u ; sokwai na ; (of a
beverage) seiryo (淸凉 ) na.

it is pleasant and to go

fishing in hot weather, sho-
chu (醫 中) tsurl ni iJcu no wa seisei
shite ii kokoromochi da.

Refreshment, n. (offered to an-
other) agari-mono ; meshiagari-mono ;
(received from another) go chis5 (御
II 走) ; (taken at a buffet standing)
risshoku (立食).

liquid , inrydhin ( 欽料品 )•

Kefrig-erate, t.y. hiyasu.

Kefrig’erator, n. (ice-chest) kdr’i’
haJco ; (of a ship) reiniku-shitsu (?^ 肉
室) ; (ice-maldng apparatus) seihydki
(製 水 器).

Hosted by


[ 708 ]

Kefuge, n. (protection) hogo (保護) ;
(place of) hinanjo (避 ifl 所) ; nogare-

from rain, ama-yadori.

to take in, ni/nogare-ru;

ni/nige-komu ; ejniije-konde hairu ;
(from a calamity) ni/hinan s.

Refugee, n. (political) homeisha (亡
命 者) ; (from some calamity) hinan-
sha (赚 者).

Refulgent, a. to be ……. kagayaku.

Kefimd, t.v. harai-modosu ; harai-
kaesu ; shokyaku (ffi 去卩) s ; henkwan
(返還) s ; hemben fuJcuJcyil (復 蓠;
.9 ; kyu (葡) nifuku s ; (lo health)
zenkwai (全快) s ; kwaifuku (快復)
s ; Jiomhuku (本復) s ; (from a
faint) iki ico fuki-kaesu.
to be …… d to life, yomi-gaeru ;

肅 ei (蘇生) s.

to peace, (between indi-

■viduals) naka-naori ico s ; (be-
tween countries) lieiwa (平禾 n) wx>
kwaifuku s.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 727 ]


Ke strain, t.v. osae-ni ; tome-ru ;
sashi’tome-ru ; seishi (|ljit.) s ; sex s ;
(fig., fetter) solcuhaku (朿 ま) s ; kb-
soku (拘束) s.

to one’s anger, ikari wo


to one’s self, tsutsusldmu ;

I cannot myself, gaman

(我 S) get deklnai ; I only ed

myself with diflRculty, yatto
gaman shit a.

! Restraint, n. (obstacle) sashi-
tsukae ; (act of restraining) seishi (^Ij
止) ; sashi-tomeru koto ; (of liberty)
soJcuoalcu ; kbsoku (拘 鬼) ; (restric-
tion) seiqen (制限) ; (constraint) hyu-
Msu (It 屈).

the of public opinion,

shakwai (it 會) no seisai (f^lj 裁).

without , iichi-aJcete ; enryo

慮) naku.

lie strict, t.v. (limit) seigen s ; nij
kagiri wo tsuke’ru ; (a person’s
liberties, trade) kensoJcu (檢朿 ) s ;
sokuhaku s ; kbsoku s.

! Restriction, n. (limitation) seigen
(制限); (on trade, freedom, etc.)
sokuhaku (束縛) ; kosoku はも] 束).

Restrictive, a. kdsoJcu-ieki (拘束
的) no.

liesult, n. nariyuki ; kekkwa (释果 ) ;
kekkyoku (結局 ) ; (of an experiment,
analysis, etc.) seiseki (成績).

as a natural , shizen (自然)

no iktoi de.

as a of mutual conces-

sions, tagai ni yudzuri-atta sue, or
kekkwa to shite.

final , ageku no hate.

good s, kd-kekkwa (JT’ 結果) ;

joshuU (上首尾).

in the , kekkyoku ; tsumaru

tokoro ; tsul ni.

without , nan no kb mo

iialcu ; mukb (無効) ni ; munashiku.

Kesult, i.v. to from, ni/okoru ;

nilyurai (ま 來) s ; yori/shdji-ru.

to in, iGolshbji-ru (生) ; icoj

Jcitasu ; nijoKaru,

Kesultaiit, a. sono kekkica no.
from, yorl snoj iru.

Kesume, t.v. ton-kaesu ; iori-modo-
su ; to7’i-age-ni ; (take up again)
mata hajime-ru ; (continue) tsudzuke-

! Resume, i.v. (recommence) mata

Kesume, n. tekiyd (摘要) ; tairyaku

(大畧 ) ; (要領). ‘

! Resumption, n. tori-ageru koto ;
(of trade, etc.) saikwai (再 回).

Kesurrectioii, n. yoml-gaeri ; fuk-
kwatsu (復活).

Resuscitate, t.v. ikasu ; nijiki wo
fukikae-sase-ru ; (fig.) saiko (再興) s.

Kesus citation, n. fakukd (復與 ) ;
(as, of an extinct family) saiko (再興)
[Civ. Co.].

Ketail, n. ko-url [Com. Co.].

lietail, ty. ko-uri s ; nolko-im wo s ;
uke-uri s ; mata-uri s.

Retail, a dealer, kouri-shd ;

ko-aJcmdo ; kouri-nin.

trade, kouri-akinai.

to sell , no I ko-uri wo s.

! Retailer, n. Icouri-sho ; ko-akhido ;

Retain, t.v. (keep back) toite olcu ;
tome-oku ; (continue to hold) motsu ;
tamotsu ; (withhold) osae-ru ; (keep
in pay) kakae-ru ; (counsel, etc.)
tanonde oka.

Ketaiuer, n. (fee to lawyer) (bengoshi
no) sharei (謝 禮) ; ashidome-kin ;
hengoryo (辯 護 料) ; (feudal) kerai (家
來) ; kashin ; (of the Shdgun) go
kenin (御豕 人) ; s.

to a call (or other civility),

torei (答 禮) s ; lienrei (返 禮) s,

to an answer, hento (返答)


to good, for evil, aim ni

mukuyuru ni zen wo motte s ; zen

(善) de aku (惡) ni mulcuu.
Return, n. (act) kaeri ; (of the Em-
peror) kwangyo (還 御) ; go kwanko
(還 幸); (to one’s country) kikoku ;
(restoration) henkwan ; hempu ; (re-
quital) henvpo (返 ; nosMi (報 諭) ;
(profit) moke ; ribun (禾 I] 分) ; (re-
port) holcoku ; hokokusho (報告書)

casualty , shishdhyo (死 藤


Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 730 ]


– : call, henrei ; torei.

…… postcard, ofuku-JiagaJcL

ticket, dfuku-gippu (往復 切

符 )•

the s are still incomplete,

shirahe ga mada tsukanai.

■Returned, a soldiers, 7d-

kwanhei (歸還 兵) ; klkokuhei (歸國

lie turning – officer, n. (election)
senkyo-kwanrisha (選 参 管理者).

Keveal, t.v. (disclose) arawasu ;
akasu ; (expose discreditable secret)
hakuro (曝露) s ; (of a deity) tsuge- –
Tu ; jigen (示 顯) s.

ed religion, mokushikyd (默


to be …… ea, araware-ru ; (of a

crime, etc.) roken (露 顯) s.

Keveill^, n. (morning-bugle) kishd-
rappa (起床 喊购.

Ji»evel, i.v. saka-mori wo s.
to in, nilfuke-ru.

Kevelation, n. (theol.) mokusU.

Book of , mokushiroku (默示


divine , kami no shirase ;

kamt no o tsuge ; go takusen (御
宣) ; jigen (示 il).

±t-evelry, n. saka-mori no sawagi.
Kevenge, t.v. (the person wronged)
Qio/kataki wo uisu ; (the act) fukushu
(復譽 )s; み emp5 (返報). s.

to one’s self, fukushu s ;

ishu-gaeshi ひ s ; ada wo kaesu.
Keveiig’e, n. ishu-gaesU ; fukushu ;
(for kinsman’s murder) kataki-uchi.

Keveng-eful, a. urami-hukai ; shu-
nen-hukai ; hara no imai.

Keveng-elully, adv. urami-bukaku ;

Keveng’efulness, n. urami-hukai
koto ; sham れべ 執お-!) ukai koto.

Keveng-er, n.fukusJmsha (復鬆 者) ;
kataki xco utsu Into.

; Revenue, n. (of an individual) sho,
ioku (所 flO ; agari-daka ; shunyu (收
入); (of the State) sainyu.

and expenditure (of the

State), sainyu-saishutsu (歳大 歳 ffi ).

office, (tax adnunistration

bureau) zeimu-kantokukyoku (税務
監督 局 ) ; (solely for the collection
of taxes) zeimusho (税務署).

officer, (taxing) shunyuyaku

(收入 役) ; (collector) shuzei-kwanri
(收稅 官吏).

sources of ……, zaigen


Revenue-stami), n. shunyu-insM
(收入 印紙).

Reverberate, t.v. (light, heat) han-
sha s.

Reverberate, i.v. (of sound) hibiku y
hankyo s ; todoroku ; iodoroki-wata-
ru. –

Reverberation, n. (of sound)
hihiJci ; hankyo (; 響) ; (of light or
heat) hansha (MM)-

JKevere, t.v. vyamau ; agame-ru ;
sonkei (尊敬) s. ‘

Reverence, n. uycmai ; (towards
God) keishin (敬神) ; (in demeanour)
seishuku (靜肅 )•

to make a , keirei (fJcng) wo

s ; jkji wo s.

Keverence, t.v. uyamau ; sonkei s ;
sonlcyd (尊敬) s.

Keverend, a. (Christian) * ; (Budd-
hist) shaku (釋 ) ; s/ii (師 )•

Keverent, a. (humble) kenson (謙 遞》

to be (in behaviour), seishuku

ni s ; fsutsustnmu ; seishuku wo

! Reverential, a. uyauyashii.

Reverentially, adv. uyauyashlku.

Keverie, n. to be in a , uttori

to shite oru ; utsutsu ni naite oru ;
botto shite oru.

Reversal, n. (of judgment) tori-
Iceshi ; haki (破棄) ; (of objects) dbe-
kobe ni sum koto ; hantai oii suru

Hosted byLjOOQle


[ 731 】


Keverse, t.Y. (change totally) maru
de ura-hara ni s ; hantai {^^) れ i s ;
(turn so as to face in opposite
direction) mukd e maimsu ; (turn
upside down) fuse-ru ; ahe-kohe ni s ;
(subvert) hifcfcuri-kaesu ; (turn so
that inside is outside or underside
uppermost) ura-gaesxi ; (an engine)
ato e modosu ; gyaku-modoshi ni s ;
(a judgment) tori-kesu ; haki (破棄) s.

Keverse, n. (contrary) hantai ; ura-
hara ; (misfortune) wazawai ; sainan
(災難) ; (back side) ura ; rimen (裏面 ト

to meet with a , (of fortune)

ica]un ga kawaru ; gyaku-un (逆運 i
ni 7nukau ; (losses) shippai (失 Rjc)
ni au ; (defeat) hat wo toru.

lieverse, a. hantai no ; urahara no.

; Reversed, p.p. hantai ni natta ; (of
a judgment) tori-keshi ni natta ; haki
ni natta.

Keversely, adv. utie kawatte.

Keversible, a. (folding both ways,
as, a screen) ori-kaeshi no dekiru.

lie versing-, a. (of gear) hando (反動)


Keversioii, n. (of ownership, etc.)
kizoku (歸 慮) ; (of succession) jii-
sozoknken (次 まネ g 續 ffi).

Keversionary, a interest,

fukkiken (復歸 灌).

! Revert, i.v. tachi-modoru ; tachi-kae-
ru ; ni/fuku s ; (of ownership, etc.)
kizoku (歸屬 ) s [Civ. Co.].

to to its old state, kyu (窗)

nlfulcu (復) s.

Kevetment, n. soto-gakoi ; f hifuhu

Kevictual, t.v. nl/rydshoku (糧食)

«:o み 0&2/ な (補給) s.
Keview, t.v. (the past) kwaiko s ; (a
book) hz/iT/o s ; (re-examine) shirahe-
naosu ; saishin (再審) s ; (troops) ken-
ま u (檢閿 ) s.

to troops, eppei (, 兵) s ; (of

the Emperor) ktcainpeishiki ico oko-

Keview, n. (retrospective survey)
kwaiko (回顧); (critique) hihyd (批

fP) ; (magazine) hydron ; hydron-
zasshi (評論 雑 M り ; (of troops, by the
Sovereign) kwampeishiici (Ij 兵 式).

naval (attended by the

Sovereign), kicankanshlki (觀艘 式).

Keviewer, n. hihydka (せヒ 評 家).

! Revile, t.v. soshiru ; hari (罵詈) s ;
nonoshiru ; akko (^p) s.

lieviling, n. hari ; alckb.

Kevise, t.. iadasu ; (manuscript) tei-
sei (訂正) s ; (proofs) Icyogo (校合)
s ; kosei (gciE) s ; (amend) kaisei
(|)CjE) s ; aratame-ru.

d and enlarged (edition,

etc.), zdho-teisei (i^ ,訂正) no.

d tariff, kaisei-zeiritsu (改 IE


Ite vision, n. kaisei ; (appeal to court
of second instance) jdlcoku (上告)
[Civ. • Pro.] ; (renewal of procedure)
saishin (- “^き) [Cr. Pro.] ; (of proofs)
kosei ; kyogb.

Kevival, n. (of learning, art, religion)

saikb 興) ; fukukd (復興) ; fuk-
kwatsu (復活) ; (of trade) kimijuku
(回復); shiako (择與 ) ; saikwai (再
IS]) ; (of a subject of discussion,
fashion, etc.) saikwatsu (再 活).

Kevive, i.v. (recover life) yomi-gaeru ;
iki-Jcaeru ; sosel (蘇生) s ; (from a
ramt) iki wo fuki-kae’su ; (of one’s
spirits) ki ga hittatsu ; (of trade)
mata kwapjxitsu (活 澄) ni nam ;
shinko s ; (from a state of neglect)
futa-tcibi okoru ; sailed s ; fukukd s ;
fukkwatsu s.

the market has d, shijd (市

揚) ga hilci-taite JcUa.

lievive, t.v. (bring to life) ike-kaesu ;
(from a faint) ni/iki wo fulci-kaesase-
ru ; (renew) futa-tcibi okosu ; (bring
into operation again, as, a suspended
constitution) fukkwatsu (復活) s.

! Revivor, n. genjd-kicaifuJcu (原, 状 同
復) [Civ. Pro.].

Revocation, n. haiskl (廢 止) ; tori-

I^evolte, t.Y. haishi s ; tori-kesu ;
ha’i s.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 732 ]


Kevolt, i.v. muhon (謀叛) ico okosu ;
hanran (^JIL) wo o お osit ; ikki (一 探)
wo okosu ; ran ico okofm.

to against, ni / somuku ; ni!


to at (sight of), ICO miie / zotto

s ; wo mite/mune ga waruku naru ;
wo mita bakari dejzoito s ; xco mite/

! Revolt, t.v. (disgust) no I mune ico
waruku s.

Revolt, n. hanran ; ikkL

Revolting”, a. Mza na ; ken-o (嫌悪)
subeki ; iyarashii ; (to the Tiew) me-
zawari ni naru ; miru ni shmobinai.

Ke volution, n. (rotation, of the
earth, a wheel, etc.) kwaiten (同 轉) ;
mawari ; (circuit about) tenkwai (轉
冋) ; meguri ; (astron.) slmten (周 轉) ;
(Yiolent change) gekihen ま 蠻) ;
(political) kakumei (苹 命) ; henkaku

(IS 苹) ; [the Japanese of 1868 is

commoiily called ishin (維新), or go

period of (astron.), shtiki (周


to complete a round, wo I

isshii (一周) s.
lievolutioiiary, a. kakumei-teki

(苹命 的) no.
Kevolutioiiist, n. kakumeisha (苹

命 者). ,

s (party), kakumeitd (苹命 黨).

Kevolve, i.v. (rotate) kwaiten s ;
mawaru ; (round a circle) meguru ;
tenkwai s.

to round, wo/meguru ; icoj

isshu s.

Kevolve, t.v^ maicasu ; megurasu.

to in one’s mind, omoi-


Revolver, n. * ; rempatsu-kenja.

chambers of a , rlndo (輪 胴).

six-cliambered , rokurem-

patsu-kenju (六 連發 拳銃).
! Revolving, a book-case,


chair, mawarl-isu.

light, kicaitento (回 轉燈 ).

turret, senkicai-hoto (旋回 砲


Revulsion, n. (reaction) hando (反
8!}) ; (sudden change) gekihen (激 ii)*

Reward, t.v. (a person) ni/hooi wo
yarn ; nijhbshu wo yaru ; (requite an
act) ni/muJcuu.

lie ed his loyalty with a

pension, scnio cJmgi し宏、 義) no
iwshu to shite onkyu (恩^) too
ataeta ; onkyu de sono chugi ni

to be ed, hobi wo morau.

Reward, n. hoM (褒美); shoyo (賞
與) ; sharei (謝 禮) ; (requital) hosJm
(報酬) ; mukui.
s and penalties, shohatsu

(賞 罸). _

to offer a , nobi ico kake-ru ;

kensho (懸賞) wo dasu.
Re-write, t.v. kaki-naosu.
Khadamautlius , n. the Japanese
equivalent is Emma-daib [WMJ<^)’
Rliapsody, n. kyobvn (狂文) [more
often in the sense of a parody].

Rliea, n. Icaramushi,
Klietoric, n. (the art) shiljigaku (修
辭學 )•

Klietorical, a flourish, koto-

ha no liana.

question, hango [JSLta)-

Rlieiim, n. (from the eye) me-yanl
Klieiimatic, a fever, tsufu

(痛風). ,

to be , ryumachisu wo wadzu-


Klieumatism, n. ryumachisu ; ryo-
machi ; fushitsu (風 貧).

articular , ]cwansetsu-{^^i)-


muscular , おん”? li お w- (筋肉 )-

Rhino, n. ” Jf ” [i.e. money–
Japanese students’ slang].

Kliinoceros, n. sai.

horn, usaikaJcu (烏犀角).

Kliodea japonica, omoto.
Klioclodendron, n. shakunage.
indicum, tsuisuji.

Rliodotypos kerrioides, shiro-

Hosted by



L 733 ]


Kliomboliedroii, n. rokumen-sha-
hotai (六 面斜方 鉢).

Kliomboicl, n. heikd-shahdkei (平
斜 方形).

KllombUS, n. hishigata : shahokei.

Klinbarb, n. (med.) daid ; (used in
cookery) *.

Klius semi-alata, fushi no ki ;
r. succedanea, haze.
r. vernicifera, urushi no ki.

Khyme, n. inji (餵 字).

Rliyme, i.v. wa] in ga aru.

to make s, in wo awase-ru ;

in wofumu.

Kliytlim, n. oncho (音調).

Kib, n. ahara-hone ; rokkoisu (t^ 骨) ;
(of an umbrella, fan, etc.) hone [the 2

outer s of a fan are called oya-


s (of a ship), senkotsu (船 骨) ;

rolcumi (ほ 力 材).
JKioalcl, a. b-gucM wo kiku.
Kibalclry, n. d-guchi.
Kibbed, a. (of woven goods) ay a- or i
no ; une-ori no.

Kibbon, n. hlmo ; * ; (of a hat)
hachimalci ; (of a decoration) himo ;

jy. (絞).

JtCice, n. (the plant) ine ; (raw grain)
home ; (cooked) meshi ; gohan (御飯) ;
gozen ; (of
prices & stocks) toki (騰貴) ; (promo-
tion) s/io/c?/27 (病. 級) ; shoshin ; shoto ;
(of the thermometer) nobori ; (of
pitch) takamari ; (of a river) zdsui

(增 水). . ^

and fall, agari-sagari ; (of

the tide) michi-hi ; sashi-hiki ; (of
prices) Jcdge ^


to on (a rock), nijnoi’i-age-ru.

to out, kake-dasu ; (flow out)

nagare-de-ru ; (leak) moru ; (of a
term) manki (滿 期) ni na/ru.

to out of (an article), uoj

uri-kiru ; kire-im [E. obj. + J.
subj.] ; shina-gire ni nam [E. obj.
+ J. subj.].

to over, (read cursorily),

zatto yomi-kudasu ; (ride or drive
over) nilnori-kake-ru ; (drive over)
haslui de hiku ; (on horseback) wo j
fumu ; (of a liquid) kobore-ru ; to
let …… over (a – liqmd), wo/

kobosu ; to “be over, (by a

Hosted by^^OOgle


[ 749 ]


carriage, etc.) hiJcare’ru ; (by a
horse) nori-kakerai^e-ru ; fumare-ru ;
(and killed, by a train) rekishi (g|
死) s ; hiki-korosare.ru.

to round, or about, kake-


to smoothly, ica]guai ga

ii ; sura-snra iku.

to …… through, kake-nuke-i-u ;


to up, (a bill) e/kake-agaru ;

(approach) kake-tsulce-ru.

to up to, e/kake-tsuke-ru.

[Run, t.v. (cause to run) kake-sase-ru ;
hashirase-ru ; (fuse) tokasu ; (cast)
i-ru ; i-lcomu ; (a risk) okasu.

to a race, kakekko ico s ;

kakekkura wo s,

to a ship aground, f 画

ICO oka ni nmnage-sase-ru.

to a sword tlirough a

man’s body, hito no karada ni
katana wo tsuki-iosu.

to down, (depreciate) kiisa-

su ; (collide with a ship) to/sho-
iotsu (衝突) s ; (sink a ship in
collision) loolnori-shidzume-ni ; wo/
chimhotsu ひ & 沒) sase-ru.

to hard, oshi-tsiime-ru.

to through, (squander)

isulcai-tsukusu ; tsukai-nakusu ;
shdhi (f 肯費) s ; (stab) tsuki-nuku ;

tsuJci-tdsu ; to (a rope)

through, e tosu.

to up (increase), fuyasu ;


Kun, n. (prevalence) hayari ; ryuko
(流行) ; (of a ship) kotei (航程) ; (on
a bank) yoMn-toritsuke ; tori-tsuke.

in the long , hikkyo ;

tsumaru iokoro ; tsumari ; (in the
conclusion) shimai ni ica ; sue ni,

the common of men, nami

no hUo ; hojmin (凡入).
Kimaway, n. ochi-udo ; tobonin (逃
亡 入); dassdnin (脫走 人).

Kimaway, a horse, nige-

uma ; hamre-uma,

marines, dakkanhei (jj^Jg


seaman, dassensha (J^M


soldiers, datsueihei (晚營 兵).

Rung”, n. (of a ladder) dan {^) ; san ;
(of the abacus) keia.

Kuiiiiel, n. dobu.

Runner, n. (of strawberry) tsuru.

he is a good , are wa ashi ga

tassha (達者) da ; haya-ashi da.
hotel , yado-biki.

Kunning’, n. kakeru koto.

! Running*, a. (of a sore) umi no dera.

fire, rempaisu (逢 發).

script, (Japanese & CMn.)

gydsho (行書); (grass character)
sosho (草書).

water, ryusui (^^tJc ) ; nagare.

two days , futsnka tsudzuite.

Rupee, n. *.

Rupture, n. (of negotiations between
individuals) hadan (破談) ; (of peace,
friendly relations, etc.) haretsu (被
裂) ; te-qire ; (abdominal) daicho (脫

of a “blood vessel, kekkwan-

haretsu (血 背 破裂).

of diplomatic relations,

(jicaikd-chushi (夕 卜 交 中止); gica iko-
k 観 nkei (夕 ト交關 係) no danzetsu

Rupture, t.v. yahum.

Rupture, i.v. yabure’ru ; haretsu s.

Uliral, a. inaka no,

Kuse, n. hakarigoto ; kelryaku (|fl8^) ;

! KusIl^ n. (junctis commimis) i-gusa ;

is not worth a , kuso no ma

ni mo awanai.

MXiishf n. (advance, of troops) tosshin
(突進) ; tokkvKtn (突貫).

a of blood to the head,

nohose ; to have a of blood

to the head, nohose-ru ; gyakujo
(逆上) s.

to come down with a ,

ponto ochi-ru :- vara-para to ochi-ru.

rcusli, i.Y. hashirv.

to at, ni/tooi-tsuicu.

to in, tohi-komu ; (riotously)

odorl-komu ; rannyu (亂 八)

to out, tdbi^asu ; tobi-de-ni.

to up, tonde kuru.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ

EUS [ 750 ]

Busllliglit, TL. tosUn (燈, じ、) no akari.

Kusset, n. (colour) kuchiba-iro ;

Kusset, a leaves, koyd (紅葉).

Russia, n. Eoshia ; Bokoku (露國 )•
Japan and , Mchi-Bo (日露).

Kussia-leather, n. Roshia-gawa.

[Russian, n. (man) Bokokujin (露國
人 ) ; Boshiajin ; (language) Boshia-
(jo ; Bogo (BM)-
! Russian, a. Boshia no ; Bokoku no.
pro …… party, shinroha (親 ^


Orthodox Church (in Ja-
pan), Dainwpon-seikydkwai .

I need not , mosu made mo

nai ; iu ni oyobanai.

I , (expostulatory) nam to’; (to

call attention) moshi-moshl ; ひれ ひ
ne ; oi-oi.

it goes without ing, mosu

made mo nai koto da.

it is said that, to iimasu ; so da.

ay don’t so (not at all),


10 miles, madzu ju mairu.

so to , iwdba.

to be said of, nijiu ; as, it is

said of persons, hito ni in.

to have said to one, to/iware-ru.

to persist in ing”, ii-tdsu.

to too much, ii-sugosu.

tliat is to , sunawachi.

Say, n. I had my too, wata-

kusni mo iitai koto wa iimashita.

to say one’s , uchi-akete

hanasu ; ham no nalca wo uchi-ake’

Saying-, n. setsu (說) ; hanashi ; gen
(言) ; (proverb) kotowaza.

a golden , kingen (金言).

a habit of , kuehi-kuse.

as the is, to iu tatoe れ ひ


old …… s, kogo (古語) ; kogen (古

Scab, n. Icasa-buta ; kekka (結 jffi)’
Scabbard, n. say a.
Scabies, n. shUsu ; kaisen

Scabious, n. (bot.) matsu-mushi-sd ;

Scad, n. aji.

Scaffold, n. (gallows) kuhiri-dai ;

kodai (絞 鏖).
Scaffolding ;、, n. ashiba ; ashljiro.
Scald, t.v. (burn with hot liquid) yu

de yakedo s ; (expose to violent heat)

yubiku ; (with steam) yuge de yakedo


Scald, n. yakedo.

Scale, n. (dish of a balance) hakari-
zara ; sara.

s (the machine), lialcari ; tem-

hin (天秤).

the s (astron.), ternUnkyu (天

秤 宫).

Scale, n. (of a fish) koke ; uroko ;
(bot.) rhihd (鱗 苞).

Scale, n. (for measurement) memorl ;
(gradation) kaikyu (階級) ; (music)
fushi ; onkai (音階) ; (of a map) c^o
(度) ; teishaku (梯 /t) ; shakudo (尺
ま) ; (on which any work is under-
itaken) teido (程度) ; (relative dimen-
sions) shukushaku (^尺) ; icari-^i.

on a large , te-hiro ni ; sale an


Scale, t.v. (escalade) nori-kosu ; ni!
nohoru ; (strip off scales) no /koke wo

Scalene, a.fatdhen (不等 ii) no.

Scallop, n. hotate-gai.

Scalp, n. togai (頭蓋) ; tdkoJcu (頭 穀) ;

(skin) tohi (頭 ま).
Scamp, n. wcmi-mono ; naradzu-

mono ; akkan (惡漢 ) ; alaiio (惡 徒).

Hosted by Goo ヌ k



[ 758 ]


Scamper, i.v. kake-ru ; shisso (j^^)

Scan, t.v. ichi-ichi saisatsu ;

kisen (氣 船). •

to go on board , june ni

nora ; josen (乘 船) s ; (as a visitor)
fune ni iku.

to load a ,f una-dzumi’ s.

Ship, t.v. (engage for service) kakae*
ru ; (fix in its place) hame-ru ; (put
on board) funa-dzumi s ; fune ni
tsumu ; tsumi-komu ; (as member of
crew) ni/nori-komase’ru.
to off, tsumi-clasu.

Ship, i.Y. to on (as member of

crew), nijnori-komu.

Ship-broker, u.funa-donya.

Ship-builder, n. zosenlca (造船 家).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 785 ]


Sliip-buil ding’, n. zosenjutsu (造船
(術) ; zosen-jigyo (事業) ; (the science)
zosengaku (學 ).

yard, zosensho (所).

Shipment, n. (act oi)funa-dzumi, or
equiv. of Ship (t.v.) foil, by koto ;
(cargo) tsumi-ni. 、
port of , tsumidashi-kd.

Sliip-owner, n. funa-nushi ; sem-
paku-shoynsha (船舶 所有 卷) [Com.

Sliipper, n. ni-nushi ; 7ii-okurlnin
[Com. Co.].

Shipping”, n. (business) kdgyd (航
業) ; (ships) sempaku (船 身 6).

Shipwreck, n. nampa-sen (SI 波 船) ;
nansen (||^). 、

one saved from , funa-


Shipwrecked, p. p. to be ,

mnsen (難船) s ; hasen (破船) nl

Shipwright, n. funa-dalku ; zbsen-
た 5 (造船 ェ )•

Shirk, t.v. dzuruke-ru.

Shirker, n. ochaku-mono.

Shirt, n. shatsu.

Shirting*, n. kanaldn.

dyed s, iro-ganakln.

dyea spotted s, iromon-g ana-

figured s, mon-ganaJcin.

gentian s, konjd-ganaJcin.

grey s, ki-ganaJcin.

twilled s, aya-ganakin.

white s, sa ra sh i-kanak i n .

white spotted s, shiromon-


Shirt-stud, n. shatsu-hoian ; (for
shirt-front) mune-hotan.

Slliver, t.v. kona-gona ni kudaku ;
hasai (^#) s.

Slliver, i.v. furue’ru ; senritsu (戰僳 )
s ; zoku-zoku s ; zotto s ; mi-hurid
s ; ononoku ; wananaku ; ‘buru-buru

Shoal, n. (a shallow) su ; asase ; (of
fish) mure ; gyorjun (魚 羣) ; (with
geog. names) su.

Slioal, i.Y. asaku naru ; asase nl’

Shock, n. (of grain) taha ; isukane ;
[a. n. ica (把)].

Sliock, n. (collision) shbtotsu ; isuki-
atari ; .(med.) s7dntd (震 蕩) ; (shaking
caused by collision) shindo (震 p) ;
furue ; (sudden agitation of the mind,
etc.) kangeki {^^).

to receive a (electric), denki

(電氣 ) れ i kanji’Tu.
SllOCk, t.v. (with disgust) iyagarase-
ru ; (mth fear, etc.) odorokasu ;
kyojti ( 恐怖 ) sase-ru.

to “be ed (at, ni) odo7、oku ;

Icyoju s ; iyagaraserare-ru .

Shocking’, a. osoroshii ; odoroku-

Sliockingly, adv. osorosldku.
Sliodcly, a. somatsu (粗末) na.
Shoe, n. (boot) kutsu ; (slipper) han-
rjutsu [a. n. of pairs, soku (足)] ; (of
Chinese silver ) bafei-gin (馬 fei? ま).

horse , (of iron) kana-gutsu ;

(of straw) v:ara-gutsu.

Slioe, t.v. ni/ kana-gutsu wo uisu.

Slioe-brusli, n. kutsu-hake.

Slioe-liorn, n. Jcutsu-hera ; kutsu no
her a ; kutsu-suberi.

Slioe-iiiaker, n. kutsu -y a.

Slioguii, n. chief female official

of the ,s court, qorojo (御老

女). ‘

retired father of ruling” ,


wife of the , midai-sama.

Sliog-unate, n. (of the Tokngawa)
hakufu (幕府).

Shoot, t.v. (discharge) hamitsu ; has-
suru ; utsu ; (hit) utsu ; (kill with a
gun) uchi-korosu ; (kill with, an
arrow) i-korosu ; (a person) uchi’
korosu ; shasatsu i 射^) s ; jusatsu
(誠 殺) s ; (thrust out) dasu.

to an arrow, ya wo i’ru.

to back (with bow), i-kaesu.

to off a cannon, happo (發

砲) s.

to …… off a rifle, or gun, liaisxi-

Ji-c (難) s.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 786 ]


Shoot, i.v. (bud) me wo fuku ; me wo
dasu ; (move with velocity, of a
missile) hassuru.

to ahead, saki ni de-ru.

to out, tobi-dasu.

SliOOt, n. (from a branch) ^liimme ;
(from a stump) mebae.

SliOOting”, n. (of birds) iori-uchi ;
(sport) juryo (銃 It) ; yfiryd (遊 徵) ;

licence, jfiryd-menjd (- 統! ^ 免


Sliooting’-gallery, n. shateki-ha,
Shooting’-Star, n. yohai-hoshi ; ryu-

sei (流星).
Shop, n. mise ; tana ; shoten (商店),
affects the good name of the

, nor en ni Icdkaru.

branch , sMten (支店); de-
tana ; de-mise.

my (depreciatory), Jieiten (弊


to open a •”..•, mise wo dasu ;
kaiten (開店). s.
Sliop, i.v, kai-mono s.
Shop-boy, n. kozd ; detchi.
Sliop-keeper, n. mise-aklndo ; mise-

Shop-lifter, n. mampiki.

Sliop-lifting*, n. mampiki.

Sliop-man, n. mise-han ; tedai.

Sliopping”, n. kaimono.

to go out , kaimono ni iku.

Sliop-sig”!!, n. kamhan (看;^) ; (shop-
crest as used in Japan) ya-jirushi.

Sliore, n. (prop) hikae-qui ; shichu

Sliore, n. liama ; hamdbe ; iso ; kai-
gan (海岸) ; umi-hata ; kishi,

opposite , taigan (對 岸);


to bring- on , oka ni motte

agani ; (of cargo) riku-age s.

to go on , agaru ; joriku (上

陸) ノ.

to put on (persons), J or zfcw


Shore, t.v. to up, ni/hari wo

kau ; ni wo tsukkau.


fc, a. (abrupt) muzosa (無造作)
hu-aiso (無 愛 相) na ; (defective)
fujuhun (不も 分) na ; (insufficient)
tarinai ; fusoku (不足) na ; tohoshn -,
(limited) shoryo 、量) na ; sukoshi
7ia ; (near) chikai ; (not long) miji’

kai ; (not tall) sei no hikui ; [ in

compounds, like short-legged, is expr.
by no mijikai after the noun wlieii
attributive, and by ga mijikai “when

a cut, chika-michi.

a time, zanji (暫時) ; keikoku


in , hayalcu ieha ; mijikaku

ieba ; te-mijika ni ieha ; hiio-fcuchi
ni ieba ; Icai-tsumande ieha.
– service (mil.), tanki-fukueki

(短期 服役). i_ 1 1^ 跑
story, tampen-shosetsu (短篇


to be , fusoku s ; ketsuho (缺

乏) S’ 7 •

to be of money, kane m

tsumaru ; kane in nippaku {^^)
s ; wa]ka7ie ga te-usuL

to be weigM, n6mekata ga

kire-ru. .

to come of, nijitaranu ; nij

todokanu ; ni/oydbanu ; (a given
figure) nilmitanai.

to cut , hashoru ; tsurae-ru

ryaku (略) s ; mijiJcaku s.

to cut (a person’s story)


to get (of the days), tsumaru.

Shortag^e, n. fusoku (不足) [Com,

Sliort-breatlied, a. iki m hayai
kolcyu (呼吸) no hayai,

Sliortcoming^, n. fu-ikitodoki
sJdkujiri ; shippai (失敗) ; yarisoko-
nai ; kxmsMtsu (過失).
s, tanslio [MM)’

Sliorteii, t.v. (abridge) hashoru ; rya-
ku (唇) s ; (in measure) chipme-ru ;
tsume’ru ; mijikaku s ; (sail, etc.)

Shorten, i.v. chijimaru ; mijikaku

Shortening, n. tanshuku (M^) ;

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 787 ]


Sliort-liand, n. sokki-jidsu】 (速記
術) ; sokki-hd.

Sliort-liauded, a. tedznkuna m ;
lunin (無人) na ; te-no-tarinal.

Sliort-liandedness, n. equiv. of
Short-handed foil, by koto,

Sliort-livecl, a. tammel (短命) na ;
jumyd (壽 命) no mijikai ; inochi-miji-

Shortly, adv. (briefly) mijikaku ; te-
mijikaku ; kanryaku (寧 D ni ; kan-
tan (簡竭 ) ni ; (in a brief time) zanji
時) ni ; yagate ; shibaraku shite ;
jiki ni; (of the future only) chika-
jika ni ; tokaradzu ; kinjitsu (近 曰);
kinkin (^々),

stated, tsudzumete ieba ; y.

Short (a.).

Shortness, n. mijikai koto ; (breyity)
kanryaku (^^) ; kantan (簡 短) ;
(deficiency) fusoJcu (不足) ; ketsuhd
(统 え). .

Sliort-siglitecl, a. cUka-me no ;
Jcingan (近眼) 減 ; (fig.) saki no mie-
nai ; tanken (^^) na.
person, chika-we.

Short- wiuclecl, a. iki no mijikai ;
iki no hadzumu ; aegu.

Short-windedness, n. ild-gire.

SllOl’t-witted, a. ehie (智 no
tarinai ; mwc み 《(無智) na ; tatisai 、短
才) na.

Shot, n. (as opp. to shell) jifsudan (實
51) ; (bullet) ■fama ; dangwan (彈 丸) ;
(distance which a shot passes over)
dankyo (殫距 ) ; (marksman) He ;
(marksman with a bow) kyiishu

chain , sarendan (錢連


grape , ryusandan (^散


one , ippatsu (一 發).

small , sandan (散 彈) ; hara-


Sliot-g’UU, n. sandanjii (散 彈錢 ).
Sliot-liole, n. tama-ato.

Should, aux. verb, if I had had

Time I have gone, hima ga

attara iJcu no de atta ga.

if I had time I go, hima ga

attara ikb ga.

if that happen, moshi so iu

koto ga atta ioki ni wa,

I have gone earlier (i.e.

1 wish I had gone earlier), motto
hayaku xkeba yokatta mono wo.

you have done it when

you had. time, hima no atta toki
ni sureba, or shitara, yokatta no ni,
or yoi no ni.

you take a little opening:

medicine, chitto gezai (下 劑) too
mocJmru ga yokaro, or yoi.
[For full explanation vide Imbrie’s
Etymology II. Y. sec. 5; 10; and 13〗.

SliouUler, n. kata.

to ride on another’s s, kata-

gumma ni noru.

to say over one’s ……. ii-sute’


with his g-un upon his ,

teppb (鐵 砲) wo kata ni shite.

Slioulder, t.v. kata ni IcaJce-ru ;
Jcatsugu ; katage-ru ; kata ni s.
…… arms I kata e tsutsu.

SliouUler-blade, n. kaigane ; kai-
gara-hone ; kata-hone ; kenkokotsu

Slioulder-strap, n. Jcenshd 窣).

Shout, n. donari ; kogo (呼 號); kyii-
go (叫 號) ; sakeU.

of victory, kachi-doki.

to raise a (when charging

an enemy), toki no koe wo age’ra ;
4, tokkan (咄喊 ) s.

Sliout, i.Y. donaru ; koe wo 零 ‘m ;
gokyu (號 a ミ !•) s ; sakebu.

to to, nil koe wo kaJce-ru ; wof


Sliove, t.v. osu.

to with the elbow, ni.’hiji-

deppo wo kuwase-ru.

Shovel, n. (fire) Jiwo ; (for shovelling
earth) suki ; (snow) yuJci-kaJd.

Slioveller, n. (spatula clypeata)
hashibiro-gamo ; megurl-gamo.

Hosted by VOOQle


Show, t.v. mise-ru ; shimesu ; (polite)
goran (御 覽) ni ire-ru ; o me ni kalce-
ru ; (cause to know) shirase-ru ;
(disclose) arawasu ; (point out) oshie-
ru ; sashi-shimesu ; (tell) kikase-ru ;

he did not his anger, ikari

wo kao ni dasanakatta.

him in, o ioshi mose.

to in (a guest), iosu ; o ioshi


to mercy, aware-mi wo hake-


to off, mise-hirakasu.

to out (of a house, etc.),


to the way, annai (案 內)


Show, i.v. (be conspicuous) medatsu.
to off, jodzu-huru ; mie-haru.

Show, n. (ostentatious display) mie ;
(pretence) furi ; ひ ( タト 貌); (that
“which, is exhiDited) mis e- mono.

to make a of, (exhibit) wo/

mise-mono ni s; (feign) nijmlse-
kake’ru. ; no I furl wo s.

Sliow-bill, n. (hung outside a place
of entertainment) e-kairiban (看板) ;
– (illustrated programme) bandzuke.

Sliower, n. (of hail) arare ; (of rain)
shimeri ; tori-ame.

sudden , niicaka-ame ; (in

summer) yudachi ; (in. winter)

Sliowily, adv. hade ni ; date ni ;
(attracting attention) mezamashiku ;
medatsu yo ni ; (gaily) hanayaka ni ;
(outwardly fine) ml-lcake yoku ; gwai-
ken (夕 卜 見) yoku. -、

Sliowiness, n. hade ; date ; kwabi
(華美) ; (attracting attention) meza-
mashisa ; medatsu koto ; (gayness)
hanayakasa ; kwarei (^麗 ) ; (out-
ward fineness) mi-kake no yoi koto ;
gwaiken no yoi koto.

Showy, a. hade na ; date na ; hade-
yaka na ; (attracting attention) meza-
mashil ; medatsu ; (gay) hanayaka
na ; (outwardly fine) mi-kake no yoi ;
gwaiken (夕 卜 見) no yoi.


Slidwman, n. mlsemoho-shi ; yashi. ‘

SliOAV-room, n. chinretsukwan (陳
^iJII) ; chinretsujo.

Slirapnel, n. ryusandan

Shred, n. ko-gire. –

Slirew, n. (scold) kuehi-yalcamashii
onna ; gami-gami iu onna ; kashi-
mashii onna.

Slirewd, a. hashikoi ; riko (禾 IJ 口)
na ; sakashu •, omsho (敏捷) wet j
josainai ; nulceme no nai.
a person, saru-mono.

Shrewdly, adv. hashikolm ; riko ni ;
sakashiku ; Umsho ni ; josainaku ;
nulceme naku.

Shrewdness, n. hinshd ; riko ; or
equiv. of Shrewd foil, by koto.

Sliriek, i.v. kiatto iu ; sakebu ; gd-
kyu s ; kyd-kyd iu. ; omeku ;

kl-kl iu.

Shriek, n. sakehi ; gdkyu ; sakebi-

goe ; kl-kl iu koe.
Shrike, n. buU-lieaded ……,


eastern red-backed , aka-


great grey , d-modzu.

Shrill, a. kan wo haita ; kambashUta’

voice, kamoari-goe ; shagiri-

goe ; IcanaJciri-goe.

Slirilly, adv. kambashitte.

Slirimp, n. z%Jco-ebi.

Slirine, n. (for monumental ta Diets-
of deceased relatives) hutsudan ; (in a
house, for Shinto tablets) kami-
dana ; (in a Shinto temple) hokora ;
(Shinto, carried at festivals) mi-Jcoshi ;
(small, in a Buddhist temple) dzushi ;
(temple itself, Shiiit5) miya ; do (堂) ;
dd – miya ; haiden (萍 殿) ; haisho

ancestral (in the Palace)^


bureau of s and temples,

shajikyoku (社 寺 局) [Sliintd s

are divided into Icwampeisha (官幣
社) kept up by Central Auths.
and kokuheisha (國幣 社) kept up
by Pref. Auths.].

[ 788 ]

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


I 789 J


the s at Ise, taibyd (大廟 )••

to instal in a new (Shinto

sacred emblem), shosengu (正 遷宫)

Slirink, i.v. (become smaller) chlji-
maru ; shushuku (收 縮) s.

to back (from fear), afo-

dzusaru ; shin-gomi s ; ishutcu (畏
縮) s ; ato-hishari s [Tokyo dialect].

to from (through shame),


to up, chijlmi-agaru.

Slirink, t.v. cJiijimase-ru.

Slirinkag’e, n. ckijime ; shushuku.

Shrivel, i.v. (of a flower) shihomu ;
(of a fruit) shinahi-ru ; (of a leaf)
shiore-ru ; shinabi-ru ; (of the skin)
ni]s?iiwa ga yoru.

to up (as, foliage, etc. by heat),

ijike-ru ; linear abi-ru.

Shroff, n. lantd (番頭).

Sliroiicl, n. (clothing of a corpse)

Shroud, t.Y. (bide) kakusu ; on,

Slirub, n. shitaki ; kwamboku (灌木) ;

[ and tree are both included in

the term ki ; but whereas the auxi-
liary numeral of trees is Imi (本),
that of s is kahuj.

Shrug-, t.v. to the shoulders,

kata wo chij’ime’ru ; hat a wo suku-

Sliuclcler, i.v. fume-ru ; senritsu (戰
个票) s ; mi-ourui s ; ononoku ; wana-
naku ; zoku-zoku s.

Sliudcler, n. mi-bund ; ononoki ;
wananaki ; senritsu.

Sliliffle, t.v. (at cards) kiru.

to together, maze-aioase-ru.-

Sliuffle, i.v. (move in a slovenly
manner) liikldzutte aruJcu ; izaru ;
(resort to equivocation) jussaku (^jg
策) wo hodokosu ; gomakasu ; (use ex-
pedients) Icufii 人工 矢、 s.

Sliuffle, n. (artifice) gomaJcasJii ; jus-
saku (術策) ; kikei (詭計).

Slmffling’, a. (evasive) ii-magirashi
no ; gomakasfii no.

to make a answer, nige-

kojo ICO iu ; tonji (隨辭 ) ico iu.

Sliitn, i.Y. sake-ru ; yoJce-ru ; imu.

Sliut, t.v. s]iime-ru ; (of a door) tate-
ru ; loji-ru ; shime-ru ; (of the ears)
fusagu ; (of the eyes or mouth) toji*

up I (imperative), damare.

to be up (as, besieged troops),

rojo (籠 娘) s,

to a port, minato wo tozasu ;

minato icojusa (ttHf) s.

to in, toji-koniu ; shime-


to off, kiru.

to out (exclude), shime-dasu.

to out the view, mi-harashi

ICO fusagu.

to the eyes (fig.), me wo toji-


to the liand, ie wo nigirit,

to the mouth (fig.), kuchi wo

musuhu ; kuchi wo tsugumu.

to up, (a house) ie wo sldme-

ru ; (an umbrella) subome-ru ; (a
person) kankin (監禁) s ; (refute)
U-fuse’ru ; it-kome-ru ; yari-kome*
ru ; heiko (P^ 口) sase’rw.

to up in (as, a room), ni/toji-


to up shop, mise too shimau ;

(close business) mise wo tatamu ;
heiten (閉店) s.
Shut, i.v. (close) shimau.

to up (become silent), damatte


Shutter, n. amado [a. n. mai (牧 )] ;
(slatted) yoroi-do ; yoroi-mado.

Shuttle, n. hi.
Sliuttle-COCk, hane ; hago.
Sliy, a. (coy) uchiki na ; (of a horse)
okuhyd (蹿^ ) na ; (of other animals)
lie feels ano h’lto ica ma mo

I feel ……, icatakushi wa ma ga


to be …… (of a child or young

girl), hanikamu.

to leel , hadzukashigaru .

Sliy, i.v. (jump aside) icaki e Icire-ru ;
(start back) ato-bishari s.

Sliyly, adv. uchiki ni ; hanlkmide ;

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 790 ]


Shyness, n. (coyness) uchiki na koio ;
(of animals) nare-nikui koto.

SiaiU, n. Shamuro (暹 ま.

Siberia, n. Shiherla (西 比 利 亞).

Sick, a. (ill) hydki (病 氣) no ; fukwai
(不 na ; yamai no aru.

bay, bydshitsu (病室).

bed, hydsho (病 象).

…… list, kwanja-hyo (患者 表) ;
hydnin-meibo (病人 名簿).

person, hyonin (病人ん

to De , wadzurau.

to be of (disgusted), ni/alci’

hate-ru ; ni/aki-afci s.

to feel , wamiine ga icarui ;

mukaisuku ; old (D^ 氣) wo moydsu.

Sicken, t.v. no I mum wo icaruku s.

Sicken, i.v. (become sick) yamai ni
kakaru ; wa]hydki (病 氮) ga okoru ;
(be disgusted) wamushiazu ga hashi-
ru ; %ca mune ga mukatsuku.

Sickening, a. (disgusting) kokoro-
mochi no warui ; (nauseating) mune
no waruku naru.

Sickle, n. kama.

Sickly, a. (prone to disease) hydshin
(病 Jl ) na.

a climate, fusho (不 p) na

kiko (氣 候) ; マ. also Sickening.
Sickness, n. hydki (病 氣) ; yamai ;
shippei (疾病) ; (qualmislines>s) muka-

after , hyogo imW)-

cause of , hydkon (,根).

death, from , hydshi (ま 死).

during” , hydchii (病中).

kind of , hydtei (^ff ).

to die of a , tyoshi (^死) s.

Side, n. (position, direction, etc.)
ho (方); (as, of a box) soku-
men (1S!| 面) ; yoko-ita ; (geom.) hen
(逸) ; (of a long object) kawa ; hata ;
(of a STirface) waki ; (of a wall) Jciwa ;
(one half of the body) waki ; yokop-
para [the former applies to the upper
half of the trunk from the arm-pit to
the lower ribs : the latter from that
point to the thigh bone] ; (one of the
surfaces of a solid) kawa ; yokomen ;

yokotsura ; sokurrven (側面) ; (position
of a party) ho (方) ; (slope of a hill)
kawa ; sampuku (lift).

all s, hobo (力々).

an uncle by tlie motlier’s ,

haha-kaia no oji.

at one of (a house, etc.), no

yoko-te ni.

both s, rydJio (兩 方).

by the of (close to), no waki

ni ; no katawara ni ; no soba ni.

from all s, shoho (諸方) お

from to sa-u ni.

on our , toho (當 方) de wa,

on the one , on the

other , ippo (一方) ni wa

, ta no ippo ni ica .

on this of (not so far distant

as), no temae ni.

one , katappo ; kata-kata ;

(face) katamen (片面); (of a dis-
pute) kata-koto ; kata-kuchi.

right of a road, drai (往来)

no migi-kawa.

river , kaica-haia.

blow, yoko-naguri.

by , narande.

that , achira. _

the opposite , mukd ; muico-


this , kono ho ; Icochira.

this up with, care, uvea-

muki ydjin (用 ‘じ、).

to take the of, no/kata wo

motsu ; no/mikaia ni naru ; nif
tsuku ; ni/satan (左 租) s ; (be
partial to) nojMiki wo s.
well , ido-hata.

Side, a. yoko no ; katawara no.

a wind, yokokaze.

to go off on a issue, mas-
set su (末節) ni kodei (拘泥) s.

Side, V. Side (n.).

Side-arms, n. keltai-heiki (携帶 兵
器) ; jiVcm (銃 劍).

Side-board, n. sokki-dana.
Side-gate, n. kugun.
Side – glance, n. yokome.
Sicle-liglits, n. (of a ship) gento (艘

Side-long”, adv. yoko ni.

Hosted by^^OOgle




[ 791 ] sia

Sidereal, a astronomy, sei-

ungaku (星 蓮 學).

clock, hoshi-dokei.

day, Jcdseijitsu (恒星 日 ).

year, koseinen (恒星年).

Siae-sacldle, n. onna-gura ; kata-

Side-walk, n.jindd (入道).

Sideways, adv. (from the side) yoko-
ai kara ; (laterally) yoko ni ; yoko-
sama ni ; (towards one side) loaki no
ho e.

Sifting’, n. (railway) ? lisen (避 線).

Sidle, i.v. to througli, wo/oshi-

wakete aruku.

Sieg-e, n. (of the besieged) rojo (傳 城) ;
(of the besiegers) kakomi ; koi (攻
園); お 5 ひ efci (包 圍攻, ).

gun, Jcojoko (攻城 砲).

to lay to a place, wojtorl’


to raise tlie of, no/kakomi

‘ wo toku.

Siesta, n. hiru-m.
Sieve, n. furui ; (strainer) suind ;
(for winnowing gram j tosni.

a memory like a , miso-

koshi-mimi. .

earth , tsucM-lmrui.

hail* , fcmugoshi.

Sift, t.Y.furuu ; (fig.) sliusha (取捨) s ;

(officials) toda (淘 次) s.
Sigli, n. tame-iki ; taisoku ; (lament)
tansoku (歎息).

deep , chotaisoku (長大, ま、).

Sig”li, i.Y. tame-iki wo tsulcu ; taisoku
s ; tame-iki s ; (lament) nageku ;
tansoku s ; (of the wind) soyogu ;
soMo fuku.

to deeply, fuioi tame-iki ico


Sight, n. (inspection) kwanran (觀
覽) ; (of a gun) nerai ; shqjun (HSip) ;
shoshaku [MK) I (opinion) kwan-
satsu (觀 察) ; (power of seeing) gan-
ryoku {^i3) ; shiryoku (視力); me ;
(space through which tlie power of
Tision extends) gankai (眼界) ; shi-
kai (視界) ; (spectacle) mi-mono.

s, (of a locality) meisho (名所);

(shows) mise-mono.

a fixed , koiei-shbshaku (固定


after , icMrango (一 覽後)

[Com. Co.].

a person one does not know

by , menshiki (面識) mo nai


a worth, seeing”, migoto.

back , shomon (照 門).

fore (of a gun), shosei (照星).

I only know him by , kao

dake shitte oru.

is an unpleasant , miru ni

shinohinai [do not endure to seej.

magnificent , sokwan (jBlSS)-

organ of , shikwan (視官 )•

payable at 4 months ,

ichirango sJiikagetsu-harai no.

payable at , ichiran (一 覽)

bared no.

sense of , shikaku (視覺 )•

draft, ichiran-harai no tegata

[Com. Co.]. ‘

is bad, me ga icarui.

this letter is intended for your

only, kono iegami wa tada

anata no kwanran ni kybsuru.

to be in , mie’vu.

to catch of, mi-uke’ru ;

mokugeki (目 擊) s ; ni/me ga toma-

to grow used to the of, ni/


to know by , kao wo mi-

snitte oru.

to raise the (to give eleva-
tion), shoshaku ico okosu.

to take a (mil.), shdjun wo

torn ; nerau.
Sig^llt, t.Y. (of a rifle) de/nerau ; (of
artillery) no /nerai wo tsuke-ru ; (see
accurately ) mi-tome-ru ; mi-tsuke’TU.

Siglit-seeiug-, n. kemhutsu (見物).
Siglit-seer, n. kemhutsunin (見物人).
Sign, n. (gesture) te-mane ; (presage)
shirase ; zencho (前兆); (proof) shoko
(證據 ) ; (signboard, etc.) kamban (看
板) ; (token) shirushi ; (visible mark)
shirushi ; kigo ; me-jirushi.

manual, gyomei (御名).

to make a (with the eye),

ine-kuhase ico s.

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[ 792 ]


Sign, t.v. (affix a seal) ni/han (版) wo
osu ; choin (調印) s; natsuin (接 印)
– s ; (write one’s name on) nilnamae
wo kaku ; nilkimei (IE 名) s; ni/sho-
‘ 7nei (署名) s [Com. Co.] ; [with the
Japanese the seal is the only legal
proof of authenticity].

to and seal, nilkimei-choin

(記 調印) s ; ni/shomei-natsuin (署
名 捺印) s. , ,

to unread, ni/mekura-in, or

mekura-han, ico osu.

Signal, n. shinf)d.i^ 信き, aidzu (合
圖) ; (railway) shmgoki.

…… flag, shingoJci [W^M)-

…… gun, goho (號? Jg) ; (midday)


letters (of a vessel), shingd-

‘ fuji mm 符字 )•

post, sldngo-bashira.

Signal, i.v. shingo s.

Signal, a. kado-datta ; icnijirus/m ;
chomei (著名 ) れ a ; hiideta ; takuetsu
(卓越) 亂

Sig’iial-fire, n. (by day) noroshi ;
(by night) kagari-bi.

Sig’ualize, t.v. (render distingmsned
from what is common) nijkado wo

Signally, adv. kado-aatte ; ichijiru-
shiku ; chmnei ni ; hiidete ; takuetsu
ni ; me-dcitte.

Signalman, n. (on a railway) shin-
gd-kishu (^信 號 旗手); (mil. and nav.)
. shingd-hel (fi 號 兵).

Signatory, a. rensho (連署) suru.

Signatory? n. shomeisha (署名 者).

ies, rensliosha (連署 者) ; (of

countries) renshokoku (連 富 國) ;
Jcimeikoku (記名 國).

/Signature, n. Jcimei (記名); shomei
(署名); (seal) (翻 印); natsuin

(捺、 印). ,
and seal, shomei-natsum.

Sig’nboard, n. kawban (看 ft).

Siguet, n ring, inrjata no yuhi-

Siffiiilicance, n. (import) shui (趣
意) ; imi ; igi (意義) ; imi-arige na
koto ; (importance) toAsetsu ; juyo

Signilicaiit, a. imi-arige na ; imi
(意 昧) nofukai.

Significantly, adv. imi-fukaku ;

Signification, n. (meaning) imi (意
味) ; igi (意義). .

Signify, t.v. (give expression to) no/i
(意) wo hyo (表) s ; (import) sashite
iu ; arawasu ; shimei (指 明) s ; (make
known) shirase-ru ; shime-su.

it does not , kamaicanai ;

daiji (み 事) nai [provincial].

Si^Ji-post, n. (for hanging a sign-
board on) kamban-kake ; (for public
notices) keijiha ; (to mark the borders
of provinces) sakai-gui ; (to show
the road) michi-shinibe.

Silence, n. (forbearance from speech)
damatte oru koto ; mug on (無言) ; •
chimmoku (沈 默) ; (quiet) chinsei (‘沈
靜) ; seishuku (靜肅 )•

, please ! shidzuka ni negai-


Silence, t.v. (cause to cease firing)
chimmoku (、沈 默) sase-vu ; uchi-
sukume’ru ; (hush) damarase-ru ;
shidzuka ni s ; (shut up) ii-kome-ru ;
li’fuse-ru ; 7wifc5 ( 閉口) sase’rw ; yari-
kome-ru. , _

to be . …d (in argument), heikd


Sileut, a. (still) shidzuka na ; chinsei
na ; (taciturn) mu-k’uchi na ; mug on
na ; ctummoku na, ,

a person, mu-kuchi.

to be , damaru ; mokunen (默

然) to shite oru ; chimmoicu s.

Silently, adv. shidzuka ni ; damatte ;
chimmoku shite ; mugon ni ; mokunen
to shite ; (stealthily) hissori.

Silica, n. keiseki (桂 石).

Siliceous, a. keisan (桂 酸) no.

Silicic acid, keisan.

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[ 793 ]


Silk, n. (raw) ki-ito ; ito ; (woven)
• kinu.

a brick of , ito ichi-wa.

doupion , tama-iio.

fioss , ma-wata.

skin , kav:a-muki ; noshi-iio ;


thrown , yori-ito.

waste , kudzu-ito.

fabrics, kinu-mono ; kempu

(額 布).

in bundles, tejypd-dziUcurl ;


in hanks, sage-ito.

thread, Jclnu-ito.

conditioning house, kiito-

hensajo (生 絲撿蜜 所).

Silktlowei”, n. V. Mimosa.

Si Ik ma 11, n. ki-ito-shbnin.

SillvAVOrm, n. kaiko ; ok’o.

annual , haru-ko,

bi-voltine , natsu-go,

card of eg-g-s, tane-gaml ;

sanranshi (g^PlD^).

culture, ydsan (養 蠶).

eg-g-s, kaiko no tane ; sanran.

Silky, adv. kinu no yd na.

Sill, n. (of a doorway) shikimi ; jlfuku
(地 幅) ; (of a house) dodai (土 臺) ;
(of a window) mado-shiJci ; (under a
sliding panel) shik’ii [a contraction of

Sillago japonica, (a food-fish)


Silliness, n. gudon l 直 境).

official , yaku (役); (in a

Govt, office) kicanto (官途).

to look for a , (domestic)

kuchi ?/ JO sagasu ; hoko-saki no
sagasu ; (in a Govt, office) kwanto
wo 7aoiome-7’u.

to lose one’s , v:a]ashi ga

agaru [vtilg.].

unfavourable , gyakukyo (逆


n. and a. miitsu ; roku (六) ; (in
counting) mil.

Sixfold, a. rokubai (六 倍) no ; miie no.
a screen, rokumai-ori no

^yohu (屏風).

Sixteen, n. and a.juroku (十六).

Sixteenth, a. jUroku (十六) no ; (of
order in space) jilrohuban (十六-
no ; (of order in time) jilrokiido-me

(十六 度

Sixteenth, n. (of the month) jiiroJcii-

one , jiirokulmn no ichi.

Six til, a, (of order in space) mutsu-me
no ; rokubam-me (六 番目) れ。 ; (of or-
der m time) rokudo-me no.

Sixth, n. (of the month) muika.
‘ one , rokuhun (六 分) no iohi.

Sixthly, adv. rolcuban (六 番) ni ;
sono roku ni.

Sixty, n. rokuja (六-卜).

Size, n. ofcisa ; (bulk) kasa ; (of a
piece of land) menseki (面積).

according” to , daisho (大小)

ni yori.

medium (as, of a photo. ),

cM’ikei (中形); chiigata.

what ? (for gloves, boots,

liats, etc.) namhan (何番) ; nam-
mon [for boots] ; namhangata [for

Size, n. (for glazing paper, etc.) dosa ;
(for painting) akyo 膠); (glue)
nikawa ; (used in paper-mfikmgj
no7:i [made from a tree called nihe
ki, or from the plant tor or o].

fizzle, i.v. dm to hi.

Skate, n. (for skating) kori-suheri ;
(zool.) hari-ei ; gangi-ei ; kasiibe [Hok-

Skate, i.v. Udrl-siLberi wo s.
Skating’, n. kbri-suberl.
Skein, n. lease.

Skeleton, n. (human) gaikotsu (骸
骨) ; (of an animal) hone ; (of a saint,
etc.) sharikotsu ; (outline) aramashi ;

Skeleton-key, n. ai-kagt.

Sketch, n. (preliminary drawing)
shita-e ; haJcuhyd (白 j^); (rough
drawing) dzudori ; mitoridzu ; ryaku-
gwa ; ryakudzu (=4 圖 )••

book, dzudori-hon.

in black and white, sumie.

Sketcli, t.v. nolmitoridzu wo kaku ;
no I ryakudzu wo kaku.

Sketchy, a drawing, sogwa

(草 麕).
Skewer, n. kushi.

Skilful, a. kosha (巧 考) na ; tegiwa
na ; jodzu (上手) na ; jukuren (愈 練)
shiia ; komyb na ; seimyo

妙) na ; talcumi na.

Skilfully, adv. kosha ni ; tegiwa
yoku ; jodzu ni ; jukuren shite ; Icd-
myd ni ; seimyo ni ; talcumi ni.

Sltilfulness, Skill, n. ete ; talcu-
mi ; jodzu ; mydshu 手) ; giryo
(技俩 5 ; jukuren ; julcutatsu (熱 達) ;
seimyo ; komyo ; te-giwa ; (address, or
a diplomat, etc.) shuwan (手腕),
exhibition of , engi (ま 技).

Skim, t.v. nojuwa-hawa wo sitkui-toru ;
(of reading) zaito yomu.

Skim, i.Y. (fly along near the surface)
kasutte tdbu.

Skimmia japonic a, miyama”

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 798 ]


Skimp^ t.v. wolyari-hanashi ni s ; woj
zonzai ni s,

Skin, n. Icawa ; h;fu、

…… disease, hifubyo (皮 Iff 病).

Skin, t.v. (a fruit) nojkaica wo muku ;
(an animal) no/kawa wo hagu,

SKinfliut, n. kechi-kusai yatsu ; rin-
shoku (吝裔 ) na hito ; kechimho ;
shiwamho ; akanishiya [vulg.]-

Skip, t.v. (in reading) iohasu ; tobi-
yomi ni s.

to over, yomi-oto s ; yomi-

mora s.

Skip, i.v. nawa-tohi wo s.
Skipping*, n. nawa-tohi.
Skirmish, n. ko-zeriai.
SMrmisli, i.v. ko-zeriai s,
Skirmislier, n. sampei (散兵).
Skirmisliiii g*, n. (as an exercise)

sampei-undo iWc^MWi)-
Skirt, n. (edge) suso ; hadzure :

(lower part) sagari ; (of a forest,

river, etc.) heri ; (of a mountain)

suso ; (of dress) hakama.

Skirt, t.v. no/hadzure ni am.
Skir tin g-boar cl, n. koshi-Ua.
Skit, (諷刺).
Skittish, a. uwaki na.
Skittislily, adv. uwaki ni.
Skittisliness, n. uwaki.
Skulls, i.v. hisomu ; kakure-ru ;

Skull, n. (human) dokuro ; togaikotsu

(頭蓋骨) ; (of a saint) sharikobe.
Sky, n. sora.

look of the , sora-ai ; sora-


one should not live under tlie

same with the enemy of

one’s lord or of one’s father,

Jcumpu (君 父) no ada to ica tomo ni
ten (天) wo itadakadzu.

Sky-blue, a. sora-irg.

Sky-lark, n. hihari.

Sky-lig”lit, n. hiki-mado ; alcari-tori.

Sky-rocket, n. ryusei (流星).
Slab, n. hira-Ua.

Slack, a. (of business) kwamman (緩
慢) na ; chinsei (沈!^) shite iru ; fu-
keiki (;^ 景氣) na ; (of things stretch-
ed) tarui ; (of tnings tied) yurui ;
(remiss) te-nurui ; iaimayi (; 慢) na.

business is , shdbai (商 寶) ひな

Jcicamman da, or neitte iru.

Slack, t.v. (lime) fuJcasu.

Slacken, i.v. (of what is stretched)
tarumu ; (of what is tied) yurumu ;
(fall off) heru.

Slacken, t.v. yiirume-ru ; tarume-ru ;
(retard) ico/okotaru.

Slackly, adv. yuruku ; talman ni ;
kwamman ni ; kari-some ni ; naozari
ni ; te-nuruku ; guzu-guzu to.

Slackness, n. yurunda koto ; tanm-
da koto ; (of business) neitta koto ;
fukeiki ; kwamman ; chinsei ; (remiss-
ness) iaiman ; okotarl ; naozari.

Slag*, n. (of a volcano) karu-ishi ;
hake-ishi ; (of coal) kasu ; (of metal)

Slain, n. the in battle, senshi-

sha (戦死者).
Slake, t.v. (quench) kesu.

to lime, ishibai wo fukasu.

to thirst, nodo no kawaki

ICO tome-ru.

Slam, t.v. te-araku sMme’ru ; hidoku
shime ru ; don to shime-ru.

Slain, i.v. 麵’ w ; bata-hata s.

Slander, n. zanso (謁 訴) ; zangen (識
言) ; hibd (誹謗) ; hiki (誹 譏) ; zamho
(讒謗) ; Moku (誣告) ; sMbun (醜聞).

Slander, t.v. zan s ; zanso s ; zangen
.9 ; Mho s ; liikl s ; zamho s ; shiyuru ;
fukoku .9 ; (speak ill of) waruku iu ;
kenasu ; akko (惡 口) s ; no/warukuchi
wo iu.

Slanderer, n. zansha (胃 者) ; mngen-
sha ; zamhosha ; hikisha ; hibdsha ;
mnsosha ; fukokusha.

Slanderous, a. equiv. of Slander,
(t.v.) used as an adjective.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 799 ]


Slanderously, adv. zangen shite ;
zamho shite ; hiki shite ; hihd shite ;
zanso shite ; fukoku shite ; kenashite ;
akko shite.

Slang, n. zokugo (f 谷 語) ; tdrl-kotoha ;
hogen (方言); fucho (符 調); sato-
kotoba [of the Yosliiwara.

Slangy, a. to be , gelite oru.

Slant, i.v. svji-kai ni nam ; hasu ni
naru ; naname ni nam ; yugamu ;
kafamuku ; Jceisha (傾斜) s, 、

Slant, t.Y. su)i-kai ni s ; hasu ni s ;
naname ni s ; yugame-ru ; kelsha (傾
斜) sase-ru ; katamuke’ru.

Slant, n. katamuki ; k’eisha (傾斜).

►slanting”, a. katamuku ; katamuita ;
keisha no aru ; naname no,
a . surface, shamen (#®).

Slantingly, adv. hatamuUe ; heisha
shite ; naname ni.

Slap, t.Y. hira-te de hataku ; plsshari
?iari-tsuke-ru ; (with two fingers in
Japanese fashion) wo/shippei s.

to the head, atama wo haru

[haru is only used when the part
of the body beaten is specified].

Slap, n. hirate-uchi.

Slasll, t.Y. ico/metta-giri ni s ; woj
rangiri ni s,

Slasll, n. nagai kiri-kuchi.

Slat, n. hegi-ita.

Slate, n. (min.) hanseki (板 石) ; なな-
ishi ; (used for roofing) ita-gaicara ;
seJciban-gawara ; (used for writing)
sekihan (石 磐).

Slate-colour, n. aike-nedzuml.

Slate-pencil, n. seH-Mtsu (石筆).

Slattern, n. hikidzuri-onna ; suheta

Slatternly, a. Ukidzuri no ; ji-dara-

ku na ; aka-jimita.
Slaty, a. (in appearance) sekihan no

yd na ; (in character) sekibanshitsu

(石 磐 質) no.

Slangliter, t.v. (butcher) tsubusu ;
hofuru ; hofuri-korosu ; (slay) hofuru ;
gyaJcusatsu (虐殺) s; tosatsu (ま 殺)
s ; satsunlcu (殺!!^) s.

Slaughter, n. (carnage) gyakusatsu ;
tosatsu ; satsuriku.

Slaug^liter-liouse, n. tojaha (屠獸
镇); tosatsuba (屠殺 蕩); (for oxen)
iogyftha (屠 牛 場).

Slave, n. dorei. ^

to be a to, ni ば uke’ru ; nij

kokoro ICO ubaware-ru.

Slaver, i.v. yodare wo nagasu.

Slaver, n. yodare.

Slavery, n. dorei no arisama ; dorei
no mihun.

Slave-trade, n. dorei-haibai (奴 識寶
買) ; dorei-hdeki (奴, 貿易).

Slay, t.v. korosu ; setsugai (殺害) s ;
zansatsu (^^) s; kiri-korosu [the
last three imply the use of some
cutting instrument] ; harasu [stage-

Sleclg-e, n. (vehicle) sort

Sleclg-e-liammer, n. b-dzucU ; tettd
(鐵 fi) ; (made of wood) kakeya.

Sleek, a. (fat) yoku futotta ; himan
(月 巴 i^) na ; koeta ; (smooth) te-zawari
no yoi ; nameraka na.

Sleekness, n. eqidv. of Sleek foil,
by koto.

Sleep, i.v. ne-ru ; nemuru.

th.e : ing- cat (Jingor5’s carving

at Nikko), nemuri-neko.

to in peace (feel secure),

makura wo takaku s.

to late, asa-ne wo s ; nebb s.

to sounaly, ne~iru ; jukusui

(熟睡) s ; gussuri ne-ru,

to take her baby to witli

her (of a mother), dakl-ne wo s ;
soi-ne wo s.

Sleep, n. nemuri ; suimin (睡眠).

first (of silkworms), ichimin


sound . , jukusui (熟睡).

to toe unable to get to ……. ne-


Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 800 ]

to get to , ne-tsuku.

to put to , nekashi-tsuke-ru.

to talk in one’s , ne-goto ico


to turn round in one’s ., ne-

gaeri wo s, or utsu.

to walk in one’s , nebokete

aruku ; suiho (睡 歩) s.

Sleeper, n. nete oru hito.
late , asaneho.

Sleeper, n. (of a railway) makura-gi.

Sleepily, adv. guzu-guzu shite ; ne-
mutasd ni ; (with sleepy eyes) ne-
holce-manako de.

Sleepiness, n, nemui koto.

Sleeping”, n. neru koto.

Sleeping-car, n. nedaisha (寢臺 車),

Sleepiiig’-partner, n. tolcumeisha-
in (匿名 St 罠) ; tokumei-kumiaiin (組
合 A).

Sleepless, a.fumin (不眠) no.
to be , ne-sohire-ru.

Sleep-walking, d. suiho (睡 歩) ;
(the complaint) rUcombyo (離魂病) ;
yayiibyd (夜 遊 病).

Sleepy, a. nemui ; nemutai.
…… head, nebd.

to become , wa nemuke ga

sashite. kuru.

to be , nemugaru.

Sleet, n. mizore.
Sleeve, n. sode.

bottom, of (used as. a pocket),

tamoto, .

long in the , yuki no nagai.

long” s (worn by Japanese

girls), furi-sode.

sliort in the , yuki no mijt-


tight s, tsutsusode.

to laugh in one’s ……, kusu-

Jcusu warau ; nusumi-icarai s ; shi-

ndbi-warai s.
Sleeve-links, n. mydto-‘botan (from
me-otokOy male and female) ; sode-

Sleigli, n. V. Sledge.


Sleig-lit, n of hand, tedzuma ;


Slender, a. hosoi ; (feeble) yowa:
yowashii ; kyasha na ; (meagre) saslio
(■ ^少) na ; “(of a person) hossori io
shite oru ; (ot diet) usui.

long and , hoso-nagai.

salary, hakkyu (vg^).

Slenderly, adv. hosoku ; hossori to ;
yowa-yowashiku ; kyasha ni.

Slenderness, n. eqniv. of Slender
foil, by koto.

Slice, n. Jcire.

big” , d-gire.

round , wa-giri.

Slice, t.v. usuku Jciru ; kizam.u ;

Slide, n. (act ot sliding) suberi ;
(inclined plane) suberi-michi ; (of
magic lantern) gento-iia.

land , nadare, .

paper , (for window) sJioji (障

子) ; (for doors or partitions) fusu-
ma ; Tcarakami [a.n. mai (故)].

Slide, i.Y. suheru.

to down, dzuri-ochi-ru.

Slide, t.v. suberasu.

Sliding-rule, n. suheri-jaku.

Slidilig^-scale, n. ruishinritsu (累進


Slig^lit, a. (fragile) moroi ; (not deep)
asai ; (not elaborate) chotto shita ;,
(not severe) karui ; (of figure) hossori
shita ; hosoi ; (perisliable) yowai ;
(small in quantity) wadzuka na ;
isasaka na ; kasuka na ; usui ; (tliin/

a misunderstanding , sasai

(^M) 滅 yukl-chigai.

a wound, Usho (微 ffi).

even in the est degree, isa-
saka nari to mo.

not in the est, iJckd (一向)

with neg. Yb.
Sliglit, t.v. naozari ni s ; yurukase ni
s ; kdsM (輕視 ) s ; karonji-ru ; ana-
doru; keihetsu (輕 蔑) s ; cha • ni s
[Tokyo dialect].
Sligiit, n. naozari ; kellcotsu.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 801 ]


Slighting’, a. naozari na; yurukase
na ; keUcotsu na ; karonjiru ; anadoru.

Slig’litiiigly, adv. naozari nl ; yuru-
kase nl ; keikofsu ni ; karonjiie ; ana-
dotie ; cha ni shite.

Slig^litly, adv. usu-usu ; usuku ; suko-
sliiku ; isasaka ; kasvka ni ; (lightly)
karuku ; (thinly) ie-usiiku.

Sliglltiiess, a. equiv. of Slight .

eldest , soryo (||、 領) ; sorvo-

musuko ; cfionan (長男),
second … … , jinan (長男).

third , sanna7i (H^).

youngest , hasshi (末子).

Sonant, n. dakuon 蜀 音).

Hosted by Google

[ 811 1


Sons’, n. uta.

popular , hayari-uta.

to sell for an ola , sute-ne de

uni ; mikute uru.

war , gunka (軍歌).

Son-in-law, n. muJco.

Sonorous, a. (of a voice) hogaraJca
na ; yoku tdru ; (of metal) hiblki no
– れ.

Sonorously, ady. hibiki yoku ; hoga-
raJca ni.

Sonorousness, n. equiv. of Sono-
rous foil, by koto.

Soou, aclY. (early) hayaku ; (in a short
time) yagate ; jiki (直) ni ; ottsuke ;
hodo naicu ; ma mo naku ; tachi-
dokoro ni ; sokuji (即時) ni ; tadachi
ni ; (speedily) kyii (急) ni ; sumiyaka
ni ; (when the period meant extends
over days) chikai uchi ni ; chika-jika
ni ; kinjitsu (近 曰); tokaradzu.

as as (with a future), shidai

(次第) れ 《; as,

as as lie comes I will let

you know, mairi shidai ni o
shirase moshimasho ; (with, a past)
to sugu ni ; ya inaya with the indie,
pres. of the verb ;’ as,

as as lie came, kiiru to sugu

nl, or Jcuru ya inaya.

as as possible, narutake

hayaku ; sukoshi mo hayaJm ; deki-
ru dake hayaku ; (when it is a
question of cbiys) ichinichi (一日)
mo hayaku.

no er than, ya

inaya. •
……er or later, soban (早晚 h


Soot, n. susu,

Sootlie, t.v. (comfort) nagusame-ru ;
iseki (慰藉) s ; (mollify) nadame-ru ;
yawarage-ru ; shidzume’ru ; ibu (, ^-^

Sootliing”, a. eqtiiv. of Soothe used
as an adj.

medicine, chinselzai (鎭靜

劑). ■
words, nadame-goto.

Soothingly, adv. nadameru yd ni.
Sootli-sayer, n. uranaija.

Sootli-saying”, n. uranai.

Sootmess, n. susu-darake na koto.

Sooty, a. susu-darake na.

Sopliism, n. kihen (詭辯).

Sopliist, n. (a fallacious reasoner)
kibenka 辯 家) ; (of the school of
sophists) kiben-gakusha (f| 辯學 者).

Sopllistical, a. kiMn no ; (of a
person) kihen no ; kiben ico tsulcau.

Sopliistically, adv. hiben de.

Sophistic ate d, a. hito-zurda ; h’vto-
zure no shita. .

Sophistry, n. UUn (詭辯).

Sopliora japonic a, enju 圆.

Soporiferous, a. masul (魔睡) sase-

Soporific, n. masuizai (蹵 睡劑) ;

Sorcerer, n. majutsuka (魔術 家) ;

Sorcery, n. majutsu (魔 ゃ貯) ; maJid
(魔法); yojutsu (妖術); genjuisu (幻
術). *
to practise , 7nano wo tsulcau.

Sordid, a. kUanarasUi ; shimittare
na [Yulg.] ; (covetous) ianran [M^)
na ; donyoku na ; donran (;^

^) na ; (mean) gesen (下賤) na ; iya-

spirit, shobainm-konjo (商賈

人 根性).

Sordidly, adv. kitanarashiku ; (cove-
tously) ianran ni ; donran ni ; don-
shoku nl ; (meanly) gesen ni ; iya-

Sordicliiess, n. eqtiiv. of Sordid
foil, by koto ; (covetousness) ianran ;
donran ; donshoku.

Sore, n. kidzu ; itami-sho ; (caused by
friction) -sure ; (caused by a boot)
Icutsu-zure ; (caused by a saddle)
kura-mre ; (caused by the thong of a
sandal) hanao-zure.

to break out into s, tadare-

ru. , ‘

Hosted by Goo ヌ k

[ 812 ]



Sore, a. (painful) itai.

to be , itamu : (inflamed)


Sorely, adv. Uaku ; hidolcu ; hage-

Soreness, n. tdtsu (疼痛).

Sorglium saccliaratuin, saio-


Sorrel, n. sukampo ; suiha.
Sorrel, a, beni-kage no.

Sorrow, n. (regret) ikan (遺憾) ;
kuyami ; nageki ; (sadness) kana-
shimi ; Mai (fi~si) ; hitan mma

ga ataru.

Speculative, a. (contemplative)
suiri-tetci (4 倕理 的) no ; suisoku ico
moppara ni sum ; (in commerce)
idki-teJci no ; toki no sulci na ; yamashi-
leki no.

Spe C ulati vel y, adv. smri-iekl ni ;
(in commerce) toki-teki ni ; tdJci sldte.

Speculativeness, n. eqniv. of
Speculative foil, by Iwto.

Speculator, n. tdkika (投機 家);
soba-shi (木目 ^師) ; (dishonest) yama-

Speecli, n. (rormal discourse) enzetsu
(演説) [a. n. jo (場)]; (power of)
setsuwa-ryoku (說話 力).

freedom of , genron-jiyu (言

論 自由).

parts of , goTu’i (語類).

slow of , totsuhen (養 肉 辯) na.

from the throne, cliokuqo

(勅語). ■

to make a , enzetsu s ; (during

a discussion) hatsugen 言) s.
to take a person in by fair …

-.. es, hlto wo kucfii-guruma ni

Speechify, t.y. tbron (討論) s.

Speecliless, a. (destittite of the
faculty of speech) kuchi no motoranai.

to Decome , kuchi Jcike-

nalcu nam. •

to be …… (with wonder, etc.),

akice ni torarete mono ga ienai.

Speeclilessly, adv. kuchi ga kike-
naicu natte ; mugon (無言) de ; nan to
mo iicadzu ni.

Speeclilessness, n. equiv. of
Speechless foil, by koto.

Speed, i.v. (be prosperous) lianjo (繁
昌) s ; (make haste) isogu ; (succeed)
seilcd (成功) s.

Speed, t.v. (aid) joryoku (助力) s ;
tasuhe-ru ; (cause to be successful)
shi-togesase-ru ; shunko (续 功) sase’
TU ; Seiko (成功) sase-ru ; (hasten to
a conclusion) hakadorase’ru.

Speed, n. (degree of) hayasa ; solcu-
ryoku (速力) ; soku ; susumi ; sokudo

at full , issan (逸 散) ni ;

ichimokusan (一目散) ni ; masshi-
gura ni.

full , zm-sokuryolcu (全速力).

I wish you g-ood on your

journey, go dochu (道中 ) o tsutsu-
ga naku.

Speedily, adv. yagate ; sassoku (■fL
速) れ i ; hayaku ; toku ; jinsoku (迅速) ■

Speediness, n. shi 謂 ku (ifiiji 速) ;

jinsoku (迅速) ; kyusoku (急速).

Speedy, a. sumiyaka na ; shinsoku
(满 I 速) na ; jinsoku (迅速) na ; kyil-
soku (急速) na.
Spell, n. (charm) majinai ; (state of
being under a spell) sukumi.

to be under a , muchu (夢中)

7ii natte oru ; (of fear) ishuhu (畏
縮) s ; sukiinde oru ; (possessed by
an evil spirit) ica] ma ga sashite
i’VU. [The san-sukumi, or tliree
spells, are the spell wMcIi the
snake throws over the frog, the
frog oyer the sing, and the slug
over the snake].
Swell, t.Y. tsudzuru.
Spelling-, n. (of a foreign word)
tsudzuri ; (orthography of a Japanese
word) kana-dzukai.
Spelling-book, n. tsudzun-sho.
Spelt, n. hadalca-miigi.
Spelter, n. totan ; a-en
Spend, t.v. (pay out) tsulcau ; (waste)
tsuiyasu ; muda ni tsukau ; 7-dhi 易) wo ahi-ru.

Spin, t.v. tsumuga ; hoseki

no aru ; (of a person’s step) keikwai

(輕 快) ‘^0^ ; haki-haki io shita.
Sprinkle, t.v. sosogu ; maki-chirasu ;

furi-kake-ru ; ma feu.

” to water about, midzu ひ


to water on, nl/ midzu wo


Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 823 ]


Sprinkling’, n. (act of) eqniv. of
Sprinkle foil, by koto.

to have a of rain, ame ga

haratsulie kuru.

Sprit, n. (naiit.) hog eta.

Sprout, i.v. me ico fuJcl-dasu ; wa]me
go, de-ru.

Sprout, n. me ; (from the root) me-
hae ; hiko-hae.

Spruce, a. shareia ; kicaU (華美) na ;
melcashita ; iki na.

Sprucely, adv. sharete ; Inmhi ni ;
mekashite ; iki nl.

Spruceiiess, n. equiv. of Spruce
foil, by koto.

Spilll-yarii, n. (of three threads)
miko no ito.

Spur, n. (incitement) shlgeJci (MW) ;
(of a cock) ke-dzume ; (of a mountain)
hana ; (riding) hakusha (拍車),
on the of the moment, toH

no hadzumi cle ; sokuseki (艮 P 席) ni.

Spur, t.v. (a horse) ni I hakusha wo
ire’ru ; (hasten) seri-tate-ru ; (insti-
gate) kyosa (教^) s ; keshi-kake-ru ;
(stimulate) liagemasu ; slwrei (獎勵 )

Spurious, a. nise no.

article, nlse-mono ; gibutsu

(f 爲物) ; Icuramase-mono ; mosha-
‘butsu (摸寫 4 勿) [copy of a paint-
ing]. •

coin, nise-gane ; aanzo-kwa-

hei (賫造 貨幣).

Spurn, t.v. (reject disdainfully) isuk-
kaesu ; (with, the feet) Jce-kaef-ju.

Spurt, t.-v.fuki-dasu.

to upon, nifuki-Icake’ru.

Sl)Urt, i.Y. scitto de-ru ; liotohashlru ;

Spurt, n. (violent ejection of liquid)
Jiotohashirl ; fiinshutsu (B^ 出).

Spurt, n. karo.

Sputter, i.v. tsuha wo hane-kasu ; (of
a machine, etc.) pichi-pachi to naru.

the green wood s, namaki

ga hane-ru.

Spy, n. taniei (探偵) ; tambdsha (摔訪
看) ; chdja ; mawashi-mono ; (mili-
tary) kancho (間 讓); kanja (間者);
fjunji-tantei (軍事 探偵).

police , tantei ; kem-junsa (fil

事 巡査).

Russian , redan (露 探》

to employ a , tantei, etc., ico


Spy, t.v. (espy) mi-tsv.ke-ru ; mi-idasu ;
hakken (f 羞晃) s ; (search) tans aim
(探索) s ; tantei ま 偵) s ; saguru.

to out (discover), mitsuke-


Spy-glass, n. hbeakyo (|g 逮鋭) ; id-

Squabble, i.v. rompan (論判) s ; ko-
ron (口論) s ; soron {^t^) s ; kenkica
(暄 i^) s ; arasou.

Squabble, n. kenkwa ; rom^pan ; k る-
ron ; soron.

Squad, n. shdial (小隊) ; huntai ( ^

Squadron, n. (of cavalry) Jcihei-chil-
力 <xi (騎兵 中隊) ; (of ships) kaiitai (艦

close column of s, heiqo-

プ?マ 《ひ U 閉合縱 隊). ‘

detached (of ships), hunken-

kaniai (分 遺 艦隊).

flying’ , yilfjeki-icantai (遊擊

艦隊). ‘

line of columns, chiitai-ju-

ぉリ 中隊 縱隊) no dial (横隊).

standing” , jobi-kantai (常 谙


S(j[Uali(l, a. misuhorashil ; musakuru-

Squalidly, adv. mlsuborashiku ;

Squall, n. (sudden gust ‘of wind)


Squall, i.v. gyd to naku ; gycl-gyd to

Squall, n. gyd to naku koe ; gyd-gyd

to naku koe.
Squally, a. hayafe no dl.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 824 ]


Squalor, n. misuborashii koto.

Squander, t.v. muyami ni tsukau ;
mudadzukai s ; ran-yo (濫用) s ; rdhi
費) s; yuto (遊き) s ; kam ico
yu-midzu no yd ni tsukau.

Sqiiaiiilerer, n. mnyoslm (濫用 者) ;
rbhisha 賺者) ; yidbsha (遊蕩 者).

Square, a. shlkaku (四角)? ux; sei/io
(正 方) na ; (honest) kichdmen na.

exactly , ma-shikaJcu na.

one foot , (of plane surface)

isshaku-yoho (一尺 四方), or -shihd
(四方); (of solid bodies) isshaJcu-
kaku (一尺 角 )•

measure, helhdshaku (平方


root (of a number 1, lieilibkon


to meet witn a rebuff,

pisshari hanerare-ru.

Square, n. shikaku (Rtj/ij) ; (arith.)
jijo (自乘 ); (geom.) hokei (方形);
(mil.) hdjin (方 ft) ; (of a chess-board)

carpenter’s , sasJd-gane ;

magari-kane ; kyokushaku (曲尺).

one (of shdji lattice-work),


on the , kichomen ni.

to break a , hdjin ico toJcu ;

(when attacking) hdjin ico kudzusu.

to form a , hdjin wo shilcu.

to move two s (chess), nicho


Square, t.v. (arith.) jljo (自乘 ) s ;
(fit) ate-hame-ru ; kanawase-ru ; (re-
duce to a square) shikaku ni s ; (set-
tle) sumasu.

to accounts, helJcin (平均)

.9 ; de-iri-nasJd ni s.

to the elbows, hiji wo haru.

Square, i.v. (accord exactly) fugo (符
合) s ; itchi (一致) s.

Squaring”, n. (of stone) sumi-kiri.

Squasli, n. (vegetable) td-nasu ; kaho-
clia [Kyoto].

Squash, t.v. oshi-tsubusu ; hishagu.

Squat, i.v. shagarrm ; udzukv.maru.

Squat, a. dzunr/uri skit a.

Squeak, i.v. chu to naku ; (creak)
kl-kl ill.

Squealt, n. chu to naku Jcoe ; kl-kl
iu oto.

Squeal, i.v. naku ; kurushi-sd ni
naku ; himei (悲 n 鳥) wo age-ru.

Squeamisll, a. (fastidious) keppeJci
(潔 癒) na ; (ha-viDg a stomach, easily
turned) haJci-yasui ; mukatsuku-tacJii

to be (inclined to be sick),

mukatsuku ; muka-mulca s.

S queamisliiie s s , n. eqiiiv. of
Squeamish foil, by koto ; (an incli-
nation to be sick) nmlcatsuki ; haJci-
ke ; diet (ng 氣).

Squeeze, t.v. shlme-ru ; (as, a
swindler) yusuru ; (between the
fingers) nigiri-shime-ru ; (compress)
assaJcu (壓 後) s ; (extort money from,
as, a ruler from his people) shiboru ;
shuren (收欽 ) s ; (wring) shihoru.

to the liand, te wo nigiru ;

akushu (握手) s.

to out, wolshibori-toru.

Squeeze, i.v. (embezzle) hosaki wo
kiru ; kasuri wo torn ; uwamae wo
torn ; atama wo hane-ru, or haru ;
ashida wo haku.

to in, oshite hairu ; wciri-

komu ; muri (無理) ni nairu.

to one’s way through a

crowd, gunju (羣聚 ) no nalca wo
watte torn.
Squeeze, n. (money obtained by
embezzling) kasuri ; uiccmae.

Squib, n. (lampoon) ralciishu (落首).;
(fire-work) yamgi-hana’bi ; hakiiehi-

leu mm- ‘

Squid, n. ilea.
Squill, n. kaisb (海’— #:).
Squint, i.v. naname ni mi-ru ; shashi

to at, icolyoko-me de mi-ru ;

nil y oho -me ico tsukau.
Squint, n. yahu-nirami ; suga-me ;

higara-me ; s’hashigan (斜視 眼).
Squint-eyed, a. ydbu-nirami no ;
suga-me no ; higara-me no ; shashl-
gan no.

Hosted by レ OO ヌ k


[ 825 ]


Squirm, i.v. notcikuru ; notaru ; (of a
person) mogaku ; (-writhe, of an insect
or reptile) ugomeJcu.

Squirrel, n. risu (栗 豫) ; ki-nedzumi.

flying , nobusuma ; momonga ;


Squirt, t.v. sosogi-dasu ; hotdbasldra-
se-ru ; fuki-dasu ; (flowers in Japa-
nese fashion with water taken into
the mouth) nijlciri wofuku.

Squirt, i.v. hotdbashiru ; fuki-de-ru.

Squirt, n. midzu-deppd ; midzu-hajl-

Jci ; ryiitosui (音き 吐 水) ; (syringe)


Stab, t.Y. tsuku ; sasu.

to to death., sashl-korosu ;


Stab, i.v. to at, ni/tsitki-kakaru.

Stab, n. (thrust) tsuku koto ; sasu
koto ; (wound) tsuki-kidzu.

. to liave a sharp of pain

in, elsashi-komu.

Stability, n. (firmness) kengo (竪 固);
Icybko (§虽 固); te-gatai koto ; (of
character) kenshin (堅, じ、) ; Icdshin (tE
; fudd (不動) ; faJcutsu (不屈) ;

shikkari shita koto.
a man of

shilclcari skua

Stable, a. (firmly established) kengo
na ; kyoko na ; kalcko (sg-^) taru ;
te-gatai ; (steady in purpose) katai ;
fudo na ; fulcutsu na ; shikkari shita.

Stable, n. な may a.

Stable-boy, n. hettd (馬丁).

Stack, n. (pile) tsumi-kasane.

one , (of wood, about 6′ x

6’ X 30 hito-tana ; hiio-tsuho ; (at
Hakodate, 110 logs) hUo-shiki.

of arms, sajil (冬 銃).

of rice-straw, ina-mura.

Stack, t.v. (wood, etc.) tsumu ; tsuml-
kasane-ru ; taiseki (堆 声) s.
to be ed, tsumi-kasanaru.

Staff, n. (for a ka go-vest) iki-dzue ;
(military) hakuryo (幕僚) ; sambo (參
謀) ; (of a concern) sha-in (社 具) ; (of
a constable) ho ; sage-bS ; (of a govt,
office) shokuin (職員); (pole) ho (棒) ;
sao ; (stick) tsue.

chief of the general , samho-

socho (參謀 細.

flag” , hata~b(ishira ; (small)


general , samho-hombu (參

卒部) ; grand general (in

time of war), daihon-ei (大本 ^^).

naval college, kaigun-aai-

gakJcd (海軍 大學 校).

orderly officer on the , de:i-

reishi ((# 令 使).

regimental , rentai-homhu

(聯隊 本部). で 1

second in command of the
general , samho-jichd

長). .

college, r Ih-i fj lui-da alcico

(陸軍 大學 校).

to walk with a , tsue ico

tsuite aruku.

Stag*, shika.

Stag-beetle, n. k u ma gata-nmsh I ;

Stag^e, n. (a degree of progress towards
an end) dan ; danraku (段落) ; kata ;
(a place of rest on a regularly travel-
led road) shuku {‘)f)’

master, eklchd (購 長).

Staxion, t.v. oku ; isumesase-ru ; (at
■various points) kubaru ; haichi (酉 E
置) s.

constable ed at police-

“box:, kobansho-dzume no jun-


to be ed at, nijtsumete ora.

to troops, heital (兵隊) wo


Stationary, a. ugokanai ; %-suwari
no ; sue-tsuke no.

to be , i-suwaru.

…… engine, teichi-kiJci (定 匿氣
• 器)’

Stationer, n. hungushd (文 具 商);

Stationery, n. hungu (文 m); hum-
^ogu (文房具). へ

Statistical, a. tdkei (統計) no ;
tokei-teki no.

-.. -.. bureau, tdkei-kyoku (-^If

statistically, adv. tdkei de ; tdkei-
teki ni.

Statistician, n. tdkei- gakusha (統

ft 學 者).
Statistics, n. tdkei

Jureau of , tdkei-kyoku (統

計 局).

table of …― , tblceihyb (統計表),
science of …… , お fcei-^ra /き (統計

Statuary, n. (art) chozojutsu (彫像
術) ; (maker of statues) chozoshi き
像師) ; cfwzoka (彫像 家).

Statue, n. shozo (肖像) ; chozo (彫

像!; (像).

bronze …… , dozo (銅像).

wooden , mokuzo (? k 像).

Scatuesque, a. chozo no yo na.
Statuette, n. kogata no shozo (肯

Stature, n. set (丈) ;- mi no take.

Status, n. (of affairs) keisei (形勢) ;
jotai (狀 態) ; arisama ; (of a person)
mihun (; i 分); chi-i (地位); hungen
(分. 限).

in statu quo, ari mo mama ni ;
genjo ico iji shite.

in quo, ari no mama ; gen 一

Jo (現状).

Statute, n. (written law) seihurmtsu
(成文律); hoten (法 曲).

Statutory, a. hontsu de sadameta ;
hotei (法定 5 no.

tariff, koJcutel-zeiritsu (國定


Stauntoiiia liexapliylla, mule ;

Stave, n. oke no icari-ki ; (miis.)
Myd (譜表).

Stave, t.v. to in, tsuJci-nuku ;


to …… off, fusagu ; hogyo (防禦)

Stay, i.v. tomaru ; toryii (逗留) s ; sliu-
kuhaku (宿泊) s ; [the latter two are
used generally of inns] ; (at a place)
taizai (滞在) s ; (hold out in a
contest) tae-kiru ; (of a servant in
a situation) i-tsuku ; (remain awtdle)
todomaru ; taizai (滞在) s ; (wait)

to indoors, ucM ni komotte


to long” (on a visit), naga-i

ICO s.

to on, i-tsudzuke s.

to …… one nigM, ippaku (—— 泊)

s ; kitdban-domari wo s.

Stay, t.v. (as, execution) teisU (j^ 止)
6′ ; chushi (中止) s ; (restrain) osae-
ru ; seishi ({^Ijih) s ; (stop) tome-rii ;
todome-ru ; (sustain with strength)

Stay, n. (Mndrance) sam’atage ; sho-
gai (障 礙) ; (of execution) chushi ( 中
止) ; teishi (1? 止) ; (one on whoiji to
rely) tanomi ; (prop) shimhari ; shi,
chu (支柱); ? liJcae-bashira; (rope)
hikae-dzuna ; (slip of wood for tight-
ening lattice- work of shdji) shippei ;
(sojourn) toryU (逗留) ; taizai (滞在).

Hosted by Google

[ 832 ]

., yd (用) ?


steady n. kawari.
to stand in


Steadfast, a. shikkaii shita ; Jcotei
(固定) shitd ; tashika na ; megenai ;
kengo (堅固) na ; fukutsu-jugyo (不屈
不^) na ; kakko-fuhatsu 0^ 乎不拔 )

Steaflfastly, adv. shika to shite ;
kataku ; kakko (確乎) to ; Jcengo ni ;
tashika ni.

Steadfastness, n. shikkarl shiia
koto ; fukutsu-fngyd ; kengo ; kalclco-
fuhatsu ; kotei.

Steadily, adv. sMkkari to ; jitto ;
(without ceasing) taema naku.

Steadiness, n. shikkarl to shite oru
koto ; (of “behaviour) Jcengo ; te-gatai

Steady, a. (firm) shikkarl shiia ;
(firm in principle) Jcengo na ; katai ;
(regulated) kiritsu – (規律 )- datta ;
(uniform) ichiyo (一 樣) na.
to “be (of shares), i-sumarl de

Steady, t.v. (make steady), ochi-

Steal, t.v. nusumu ; sesshu (窃取) s ;
imsumi-toru ; (from a shop) marnbiki
s ; (gain by insinuating arts) Mid-
yose-ru ; hiki-ire-ru.

to a glance at, minai furi

wo shiie mi-ru.

to a march on, imke-gake s.

Steal, i.v. nusumu ; sesshu s.

to away, nuke-de-ru ; sMno-


to in, shinoU-Jcomu.

to out of, wo/nuke-de-ru.

Stealing”, n. sesshu ; nusumi.

Steal til, n. by , shimnde ; kos-

sori to ; hisolca ni.
Stealthily, adv. kossori to ; nuki-

ashi shite ; sotto ; hisoka ni.
Stealtliiness, n. koso-koso sum


Stealtliy, a. koso-koso shita ; kossori
to shita ; hitome wo habakaru.


Steam, n. yuge; jdkl (蒸 氣) ; jdhakki

(蒸發 ま)’ .
exhaust , haishuisu-)olci


to g’et up , joki ICO okosu.

Steam, t.v. fukasu ; mum.

Steam, i.v. jdhaisu s ; kara]yuge got

Steam-l>atli, n. mushi-yu ; musld-

Steam-boat, n. joHsen (蒸 汽船) ;
Jcisen (汽船).

Steam-boiler, n. jokikwan (蒸 ミ气
鎞) ; kikwan (汽鑲 ) ; joki-gama.

Steam-eiig”ine, n. jdkl no shikake ;
joki-kikai (蒸汽 機械); jdlci-Jcikwan

(蒸 汽機關 ). _ . 7 .T 7

locomotive , joJci-kikwansha

(蒸 汽機關 車) ; ま 薩 ha.

Steamer, n. klsen ; jokisen ; (ror
cooking purposes) seirb (蒸籠).

Steam-lire-eiigine, n. jblcl-

Steam-g^aug^e, n. Maisukei {X
壓 計).

Steam-hammer, n. ki-tsui (汽鎚 )♦

Steaminess, n. (of weather) musJii-
atsui koto ; jdhakki no oi koto.

Steam-launcli, n. ko-jdki.
Steam-pipe, n. jokikwan (蒸汽 管).
Steam-power, n. jdJdryoku (蒸
汽 力).

Steam-pressure, n. kiatsuryoku

(汽壓 力).
Steamship, n. kisen.
Steam-tug”, n. hlkifane-joki.
Steam- whistle, n. kiteki (汽笛).
Steamy, n. (of weather) miishi-atsui ;

jdhakki 氣) れひ お’

Steel, n. hagane ; kotetsu (鋼 鐵);
(for striking a spark) hiuchi-gama.

cast , chukd (mM-

mild , nanJco (軟鋼).

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 833 ]


Steel, t.v. (make obdurate) mxi-jihi
(無慈悲) れ i s ; (make strong as steel)
kotetsu no yd ni s; (point with steel)
nijyalciba wo tsuke-ru.

to one’s heart, kokoro wo

oni ni s.

Steel-yard, n. temhin (天 稗).

Steep, a. kyu (急) na ; kewashil ;
kenso (jit 阻) 亂

Steep, n. gaJce ; zeppeki (絕 壁).

Steep, t.v. tsuke-ru ; hitasu.

Steeple, n. to (塔).

Steeple-jack, n. shigotoshi.

Steepness, n. equiv. of steep (a.)
foil, by koto.

Steer, n. Idnkiri-ushi ; kyosei-gyu (去
勢 牛).

Steer, t.v. muke’ru.

Steer, i.v. kaji ICO torn ; fune no

tori-mawashi wo s.
Steerage, n. kaid-senshitsu (下等


passenger, kato-senkyaku

(下等 船客).

Steering-gear, n. daki (fg 機).

Steersman, n. kaji-toH ; kajiko ;

dashu (f6 手).
Stem, n. (naut.) miyoshi ; hesaki ; (of

a flower) kuJci ; jiku ; (of a pipe, etc.)

jilcu ; (of bamboo) rao ; (trunk of a

tree) miki.

Stem, t.v. (oppose) nilmukau ; ni/
sakarau ; (remove the stem of) no/
jiku wo toru.

Stencil, n. kusai nioi ; shuki (臭 氣).

Stencil, n. katatsuke-ita ; horl-gata ;

Stencil, t.y. nilkata wo tsuke-ru.
Stenographer, n. sokkisha (速

Stenographic, a. sokJdjutsu (速
記 術) no.

records, sokkiroku (速 記 錄).

Stenograpliy, n. sokkijutsu (速記
術); sokkiho (速記 法).

Step, i.v. fumu ; (walk) ayumu ; hok^
(歩行) s.

to across, f umi-kosu ; (so as~

to straddle) icolmatagu.

to aside, chotto yoke-ru ;

waki ni yoru.

to back, hito-ashi sagaru.

to into, (put the foot into)

nilfunrjonm ; (enter for a short
while) nijyoru.

to out (walk faster), asH wo


to upon and break, woj


Step, n. (a pace) ashl ; (foot-print)
ashi-ato ; (of a staircase) dan (段);
Icaidari (p^ 段) ; (progress) shimpo
(進歩) ; (sound of footsteps) asJii-

change ! fumi-Jcae.

first (towards discovery, etc.),

koguchi ; itoguchi.

it is but a • from here, koko

Jcara hon no hito-ashi da ; koko
Jcara hitoppashiri da ; soko made
zbsa mo nai. ,

one , hito ashi ; (lit. &, fig.)

ippo (一歩)’

s (small ladder), fumi-tsugi ;


by , dandan ni ; chaJcu-

chaku (着-々) •

short ! hodo wo chijime.

stone s, ishidan.

to keep , ashi-nami wo soroe-


to take s, (go through the

necessary procedure) no/ietsudzuki
ICO s ; (to accomplish an object)
tori-hakarau ; (to deal with a
matter) shdbun (處 分) s ; shochi
(處 置) ふ”

to walk in , aslu-nami soroete


to walk with, long s, omata

ni aruJcu ; fumhatte aniku [Tiilg.].
quick , haya-ashi.

Step-lbrother, n. (different father)
tane-gawari no kyddai ; (different
mother) hara-gawari no kyddai
(兄弟). ‘

Step- child, n. mama-ko.

Step-daug-liter, n. inama-musume.

Hosted by Goo ヌ k


[ 834 ]


Step-father, n. mama-chichi ; keifu
(繼 父) [Civ. Co.].

Steplieii, n. Sutepano.

Step-mother, n. mama-haha ; Ice き
(繼 母) [Civ. Co.].

Stepping-stone, n. ioU-ishi ;
fumi-ishi [generally used when
speaking ‘of the stones forming
the steps to a yerandah or house].

Step-sister, n. (different father)
iane-gaicari no shimai (姊. 妹) ;
(different mother) hara-gawari no
shimai ; v. also Half-sister.

Step-soil, n. mam’i-musuko.

Step-stone, n. kutsu-nugi-isU ;

Sterculia platanifolia, n. ao-


Stereograph, n. sogan-shashln (双
眼寫眞 ).

Stereoscope, n. scgankyd (双眼鏡) ;

Stereoscopic, a photo-
graph., sogan-shashin (双 限寫

Stereotype, n. * ; emban (錯 板).

Stereotyped, a. (fig.) monkirigata
no; kimari-kiita.

Sterile, a.fumd (不毛) no.

land, yase-jimen.

year, delci no warui toshi ;

fusaku (不作) na toshi ; Icydnen
(凶年). •

woman, sekitai (石 )3 合) no

onna ; seJcijo (石 女); kara-onna
[exceedingly vulgar].
Sterility, n. (bot.) yilsei (雄性);
(of a woman) sekitai ; (of land)
fufno ; gyokaku (繞 角).
Sterilization, n. (act of) eqniv. of

Sterilize foil, by koto.
Sterilize, t.v. (destroy germs) mukin

(無菌) s.
Sterilizecl, a milk, mukin-

gyunyu (無菌 牛乳).

wool, shdaokii-icata (i 肖 毒 綿).

Sterling:, n. Mkwa (英貨).

Sterling”, a. (Eng. currency) Eilcwa- ;
(pure in quality) junryo {^%) na.

bonds, Mkwa-kosai (英貨


Stern, a. kibishii ; ikameshii ; gen-
kaku (嚴 格) na ; gensei (嚴 正) na ;
ogosoka na ; (harsh) genkoku
酉 fe) 亂

Stern, u. tomo ; sembi (船尾).

Stern-cable, n. tomo-dzuna.

Sternly, adv. Mhishiku ; ikame-
shiku ; genkaku ni ; ogosoka ni ;
(harshly) genkoku ni.

Sternmost, a. ichiban (一番) ato
no ; saigo (条 後) no.

Sternness, n. Jcibishisa ; ikame-
shisa ; genkoku ; ogosoka sa ; (harsh-
ness) genkoku.

Stern-post, n. tomo no hashira.

Sternum, n. kybkotsu 旬 骨) ; muna-

Stertorous, a. o-iUH wo kaku.

Stertorously, adv. o-ihiki too kaiie.

Stethoscope, n. chdshin-H (聽
診 器 )-

StetliOSCOpical, a. chdshin-H no.

Stethoscopically, adv. chdshin-
ki de.

Stevedore, n. naka-shi ; niage-

Stew, n. *.

Stew, t.v. tor obi de ni-im ; toro-toro
ed peaclies, momo no shichu.

Steward, n. (at an entertainment)
sdtai-in (接待 莨) ; (of a commoner)
yonin (用人) ; shitsuji ; (of a noble)
•kafu (家扶); karei (家令) [chief];
(of a prince) hetto (別 當) ; (on a ship)
Icyiiji (給仕).

Stewardess, n. kyuji no onna.

Stew-pan, n. nahe.

Hosted by Goo ヌ k


C 835 1


stick, n. (small branch) sao ; (used
for liaDging kakemono) yahadzu.

a of wax, ffiro (封 蛾) ippon.

big …… ,!) d (棒).

iron , kanaoo.

stirring (crossed stick used

in washing rice), Icome-togi.

to walk witli a , tsue ico

tadzusae-ru ; (leaning on a )

tsue wo t suite aruku.
walking , sutekki ; tsue.

Stick, t.v. (cause to penetrate) sasu ;
(fasten in by piercing) sasu ; (im-
pale) tsuki-tdsu ; (stab) tsulm.

to get stuck (in speaking or
reading), iki-isumaru.

to in, sashi-komu ; tsuk-


to on (attach by causing to

adhere to the surface), haru ; hari-

to out, tsuki-dasu.

Stick, i.v. (adhere) Jcuttsuku ; fuchaku
(附着) s ; (by stickiness, as, glue)
nehari-tsuku ; hebari-tsuku ; neii-
chaku (粘 粉) s ; (by suction) sui-
tsuku ; (permanently) kobm-tsiilcu ;
Jcochaku (固着) s ; (of a door, etc.)

to at, wo I tamer au ; icojchilcho

mm) s.

to by, (a friend) mi-sutenai ;

(a promise) mamoru ; koshu
(固守) s.

to fast, hittsuku.

to out, tsuJci-de-ru.

to to, (a statement) wojii-

liaru ; (cleave to) nilkuttsuku ; (as,
a principle) wojlcoshu (固守) s.

to up, chokuritsu (直立) s ;

(of the hair) saka-datsu.

to up for, no/bengo (辯 護)


Stickiness, n. nebari-ke ; nenchaJcu-
shitsu (粘着 复).

Sticking-plaster, n. hansdkd (盤
創 膏); so ん は (即効 紙); (as used
m Japan against headaches) tama-
kadzura ; dzutsiikd (頭痛 膏).
black , mankinkb (禽金 膏).

Stickler, n. (one who contends
about trifles) ko-mudmkashii hiio.

Sticky, a. to be ……. nebaru ; newz-

neha s ; nehatsuku ; nenchaku s.

Stiff, a. kovoai ; katai ; (formal in
manner) . katakkurushii ; gisu-gisu
shlta ; shikaku-hatta ; (not fluid, as,
of paste) kata-nerl ? i ひ; 】coi ; (of a
painting) kotta ; (violent) kitsui ;

a neck (from birth), i-kuhi.

to “be , kokic naru ; (of the

limbs) no]agaki ga waruku naite

oru ; kotte oru.

Stiffen, t.v. kataku s ; kowaku s ;
(make thick or viscous) koku s ;
noko (濃厚) ni s.

Stiffen, i.v. kataku naru ; kowaku
naru ; (become thick or viscous)
kok ル naru ; noko ni naru ; (of the
limbs) no]agaki ga waruku naru.

Stiffly, adv. kowaku ; kataku ; (of
manner) JcafaJcJciirushiku ; shikaku-
haite ; gisu-gisu shite ; (of the limbs)
yatto ; yoyaku.

Stiff-necked, a. gdjdpparl na ;
gwanko (頑固) na ; kata-iji na ; gq^o
(5 虽情) na ; kubippone no katai.

Stift-neckedness, n. gimnko ;
kata-iji ; gojo.

Stiffness, n. eqiiiv. of Stiff foU. by

koto ; (of the limbs) kori.

Stifle, t.v. no/iJci ico tsume-ru, tome’ru,
or fusagu ; (fatally) chissoku (望, g、j
sase-ru ; (conceal from, public know-
ledge) impel (隱蔽 ) s ; oshi-kakusu.

to be d, wa]iki ga tsumaru,

tomaru, or fusagatte i-ru ; chissoku

to be d by smoke, kemuri

ni muse’ru.
Stifle, i.v. V. to be stifled.
Stifling”, a. iki-gurushii.
Stigrna, n. (mark of infamy) kidzu ;
o 力 e れ (污點 ).

Stigmatize, t.v. to as ,

711 710 omei (汚名) vco icise’m.

Still, t.v. shidzume-ru ; seis も i (陶 止)
s ; (appease) chintel (i| 定) s ; – shidzu-

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 836 ]


still, a. shidzuka na ; shin to shita ;

wine, futto (沸騰) shinai

huddshu (葡如 酉).

to “be , shidzuTuam.

Still, adv. & conj. (in the future as
now and before) kore made dori ;
yappari ; nao ; (nevertheless) da ga ;
daite ; Jceredomo ; shikashi nagara ;
to wa ie [to being preceded by the
past tense of the verb] ; (to this
time) mada ; ima made ; nao ; (uni-
formly) mada.

better, nao yoi. ,

less, motto sukoshi ; (in a

lesser degree) mashite foil, by a

more, (a larger quantity)

motto ; nao ; naosara ; (in a
greater degree) mashite.

there are 6 left, mada

mutsu aru.

Still, n. rambiJci ; (distillery) joryiiba

(蒸溜 場).
Still -bir til, n. shisan (死產 )•

Still-‘born, a. shinde umareta.
child, shitaiji (死 胎兒 )•

Stillness, n. shidzuka na koto ;
shidzuka sa ; (silence) seis/iulcu
(靜肅 ).

Stilt, n. take-uma ; sage-ashi ; taka-
ashi [provincialism].

to walk on s, take-uma ni


Stilted, a. kikkutsu (洁 Jg) na.
Stimulant, n. kofunzai (興奮 劑) ;

(fig.) shigeki (刺激).
Stimulate, t.v. hagemasu ; sliorei

(獎勵 ) s ; kdbu (鼓舞) s ; (physiol.)

shigeki (刺激) s.
Stimulation 9 n. shbrei ; kdbu ;

hagemasu koto ; shigeki.

Stimulative, n. shigekihutsu (束!]
激 物).

Stimulus, n. shigekihutsu ; shigeki ;

geki-in (激 因).
Stingr, n. hari ; (fig.) kutsu (齊 痛) ;

kumon (苦悶) ; (point of an epigram)

fushi (飄 fij) ; aie-kosuri.

Sting-lisli, n. gihacU ; gigyo.

Stinginess, n. Hnshoku (吝 音);

Stinging’, a. hiki (爵識 ) sum ; Jdbi-
shii ; genkoku (嚴 酷) wa.

Stingingiy, adv. kiUshiku ; gen-
koku ni.

Sting’y, a. shiucai ; Hnshoku na ;
kechi na.

person, shiwamho ; shimit-

tare ; aka-nishi.

Stink, i.Y. shfiki (臭 氣) wo hassuru
(發 )•

to of, expr. by kusai after

appropriate noun.

Stink, n. shuki (臭 氣); akusJm (惡
^) ; kusai nioi.

StinKllig”, a. shuki no aru ; akushu
no aru ; kusai.

Stint, t.v. wo/tsume’ru ; wojsessuru ;
wo I lcvn-tsume.ru.

Stipend, n. hbkyti (# ‘給) ; chingin
(K 銀); (daily) ? たた 2/ な (日給); (month-
ly) geklcyii (月給); geppo (月俸);
(yearly) nenkyii (年!^) ; nempo (年 #)•

Stipple, t.v. tenkoku (黒 も 亥 0) s ; ishime-
datakl ni s.

Stippling*, n. tenkoku ; ishime-dataki.

Stipulate, t.v. (make an agreement)
yakiijo (約定) s; keiyaku (契約) s;
yakasoku, (約束) s ; yakutei (約定) s.

to for, yokyu (要求) s.

Stipulation, n. (covenant) yakujd ;
keiyaku ; yakusoku ; yakutei ; (pro-
vision) Mtei (規定).
Stir, t.Y. (move) ugojcasu,

the dregs are red up, ori

ga taisu.

ta round, kaki-mawasu.

to together, kaki-maze-ru.

to up, (a fire, etc.) kaki-taie-

ru ; (incite) kohu (鼓舞) s ; hage-
masu’, (inflame the passion of)
odate-ru ; sendo (爆 動) s ; kyosa (教
唆) s ; sosonokasu ; (moot) okosii.

Stir, i.v. ugoIciL

Hosted by



[ 837 ]


stir, n. (bustle) konzatsu^ ひ 辱雜) ; the
adj. sawagashii and sozosim may be
used in the sense of “there is a
stir “; (tumult) sawagi ; sbdd (騒動) ;
iJcki (一 撲) [agrarian].

Stirrings, a. (exciting) sdzoshii ; Id
no tatsu ; hussd (キ举 1) oia ; (lively)
nigiyaka na ; (rousing) genki 、兀氣 )
no deru.

Stirrup, n. abumi.

Stirrup -leather, n. chikara-gawa.

Stitcli, n. hari-micM ; (single pass of
the needle in sewing) hari ; nui.
one ……. hito-hari.

to have a in the side,

loaJci-hara ga tsuru.

to put in a , hito-harl nuu,

Stitcli, t.v. nuu ; (a book) toji-ru.

to up, nui-aioase-ru ; tsuku-


St-Joliii’s-wort, n. V. Hyperi-

Stoat, n. ten (黃 難

Stock, n. (capital) shihon (資本) ; shl-
honkm (ま 本 金) ; moto-de ; motode-
Icin ; (for grafting on) dai-gi ; (of a
gun) dai (^) ; dai-jiri ; (of a plane)
daigl ; (of goods tor sale) shi-ire ;
shiire-hin ; iemochi-hm ; ! shi-komi ;
ari-ni ; (shares) kahu-ken ; (ship-
building) funa-dai ; (supply) taku-
icae ; chozo (貯藏 ) ; (trunk) miki.

amount of s in hand, ar’mi-


an article not in , kiremono.

live , kachiku (家畜).

new ..,…, shinni (薪 荷).

of a rifle, jiisho (銃床).

to be out of , koto-kire ni

natte oni.

to get in a of, (for sale) 漏/

shi-ire-rii ; wo/ shi-komu ; (for use)

wo/kai-konde oku.

to take , tana-oroshi wo s.

Stock, n. (flower) arase-ito,

Stoct, t.v. to with, ni wo

shi-ire-ru, or shi-komu.
Stock-account, n. shiwake-chd.

Stockade, n. yarai ; saku -隱;
shigarami ; (surroimding fort) josaku

(娘 栅). .
to make a , safcu wo lu.

Stock 一” broker, n. kabushiki-naka-
gai-nin (株式 仲買人).

Stock-excliange, n. kabusUH-
torihikijo (株式取引所).

Stock-liOlder, n. kahu-nusU.

Stockinet, n. meriyasu. ‘

Stocking”, n. naga-kutsushUa [a. n.

of pairs, soku (足)].
Stock-jobber, n. tbkisha (投機 者) ;

soba-shi (相 譲).
Stock-jobbing, n. idki sum koto.
Stocks, n. ashi-gase.

Stockstil), a. to stand , jitto

shite oru.

Stoical, a. mu-kankaku (無 惑覺) na ;
heiki (f 氣) na ; kuraku (苦 樂) ひ

Stoically, adv. mu-kankaku ni ; heifci

Stoicism, n. mu-kankaku ; . heiki ;
kuraku wo kanjinai koto ; (phil.j tcen-
Stoke, t.v. kaki-age-ru.
Stoke-hole, n. hwafu-ba.
Stoker, n. hwafu (火夫) ; sekitan-taJci.
Stole, n. * ; wa-gesa [Budd.].
Stolen, a. receiving- pro-
perty, zdbutsu-kizo (臓物 寄 藏).

goods, zobutsu (顱翻 [Cr.

Pro.] ; zdhin (臓 品).

money, zd/dn (臓 金).

Stolid, a. usu-noroi ; mu-shinkei (無 神

經) na ; (stupid) rodon na.
Stolidity, n. mu-shinkei (無 神經) ;

(stupidity) rodon.
Stolidly, adv. usu-noroku ; rodon ni ;

nor oku.

Stomacli, n. e-hukuro ; i ; (belly)

cold in the , cho-kataru,

Stomacli-ache, n.f ukutsu (腹痛).
to have a , ica] hara ga %taL

Hosted b ん OO ヌ

W^^’ ‘や 一


[ 838 ] STO

Stomachic, n. icliobyo (胃腸 炳”

Stone, n. ishi ; (in the bladder) seki-
rin (右 琳) ; (nut of a fruit) tane.

broken (used in building

walls), wari-guri.

grave , seMM (石碑) ; selcitb


meteoric , わ iseH (隕石).

precious , tama ; gyoku (玉) ;

hoseki (寶 石).

pumice , karu-ishi.

…… age, selciki-jidai (;5^ 器 時代).

base (under a pillar), kutsu-


….. .chips, ishi-kudzu.

fly (larva), kawa-mushi.

image, seld-zb (石像) ; (of

Buddha) ishi-hotoke.

mason, selcikd (石工).

pavement, shikiishi-michi.

to leave no unturned to

, hyappo (百方) wo kokoro-


to throw s, ishi wo horu.

Stone, t.v. nijishi wo hvitsulce’ru.

to “be d, ishi wo nage-tsuke-


to to death, ishi ae huchi-


Stone -breaking*, n. isU-warl.

Stoiie-Cliat, n. miya •, o mnja ;
yashiro ; (in titles of Shinto temples)
-jinja (fiji ま) ; (bmlding dedicated to
the god) liolcora ; (ancestral, of the
Shoguns) iamaya ; (of Jerusalem)

board of shrines and s,

shajikyoka (社寺 局).

head (Buddhist), honzan (本


Temple, n. (between forehead and
ear, anterior portion) kome-kami ;
(posterior portion) bin (鬢 ).

Temporal, a. (of this world) kono yo
no ; ukiyo no ; gensei 見 世) no ;
seken no ; (political) seijijd (政事 上 j

bone, seisujukoisu (顯顯 骨).

Temporarily, adv. (for the present)
tobun (‘富 ネ) no uchi ; (for a short
time) ichiji ; (provisionally) kari ni.

Temporary, a. (provisional) kari
no ; (not permanent) ichiji no ; ichi-
ji-teki (—時 的) no ; (for use on a
special occasion) rinji (臨 B^) no.

bridge, kari-bashi.

expedient, rin お no shudan

(手 設).

office, kari-jimusho (假 事務


slied, Icari-goya.

Temporize, i.v. (delay) guzu-guzu s ;
injun (因循) s ; (watch the signs of
the times } hiyori wo mi’ru.

Temporizer, n. injunka (因循 家).

Temporizing’, n. kosolm (姑!、);

Temper izin g’, a. kosoku no ; injun
na ; shuso-rydtan (首 凰兩 端) no.

methods, kosoku-shudan (姑

I [、手段).

policy, injun-shugi (©|f 主

義 )•

Tempt, t.v. (lead into evil) yiiicaku
(誘惑) s ; liikUkomu ; izanau ; (incite)
odate-ru ; sosonoicasu.

to feel ed to, expr. by desi-

derative adj. in -tai foil, by Jci ni

Temptation, n. ijuwaku ; izanaL

Tempter, n. yfacakusha ; sasoi-te.

Ten, n. id ; (in counting) to.
to one, jii ni hak/cu.

Ten, a. id ; jii ; to,

cents, jlsseii (十 錢); ikkLcaii

(一貫) [coolie language].

days, toka.

tliousand, ichiman ; man.

times, tO’tahi ; jippen (十 遍).

times as much, jissdhai

層陪) ; jtlbai.

Tenable, a. mochi-kotae no dekiru ;
(maintainable) iji (維持) no dekiru ;
(of an argument) shucko (主張) no

not (of an argument), torn ni

tarinai ; siiucho (主張) ni ta/rinai.

Tenacious, a. (sticky) nebatta ;
(stubborn) gdjb (3 ま tS) 観 ; gicanko
(® 固) na ; (unyielding) ipj^ ひ mo
yudzuranai ; sliinneri-dzuyoi ; (in face
of difficulties) fugyb-fulcutsu (不 携不
屈) na. ‘

of, ^ rights, etc.) ico/kataku iji

suru ; (a view) ico/koshu (固守)

of life (as, a cat), shibutoi.

Tenaciously, adv. kataku ; gojo ni.

Tenacity, n. (stickiness) nehai koto ;
(stubbornness) gojo ; fugyd-fukutsu.

Tenancy, n. (period of holding farm)
Jcosaku-nenki (/J 、作 年期) ; (of a house
or land) chinshaku-kikan (^^^f^).

Tenant, n. kari-nushi ; chimhaku-
nin (賈 借人); (of a house) shakuya-
nin (借家 入) ; tana-gari ; tanako ; (of
landed property) sliakuchi-nin (借地
人) ; (of a farm) kosaku-nin (/J>f^A)-

Tenantry, n. kosaku-nin.

Tend, t.v. no/te-ate wos ; kaiho (介抱)
s ; (nurse through an illness) kango
(看護) s.

Hosted by Goo ヌ k


[ 880 ]


Tend, i.v. to to, wa-

katamuJci, or keiko (傾 fSl ), ga aru.

to towards, nilkatamuku ;

ni/omomuku ; nijmukiL.

Tendency, n. katamuJa ; keiko ;
susei (趨ま ; 7 丄

a natural , shizen (自然) れ。


has a to become, 霞]

naru katamuki, or keiko, ga aru.

the of society, shakwai (社

^)nofucM (風潮).

Tender, t.v. (offer to superior) sashi-
age-ru ; sashi-dasu ; (offer in. pay-
ment) teikyo (提供) s. _

to one’s resignation, jihyd

(辭 表) 鶴 dasu, or iei (呈) s.

to one’s submission, ki-

fujcu (歸 glJ) wo moshi-de-ru.
Tender, n. (written bid) nyfisatsu
(入木し) ; ire-fuda ; mshi-fuda ; (offer
in payment) teikyd (提供) [Civ. Co.,
Civ. Pro.] ; (of locomotive) sekitan-
sha (石!^ 車); tansuisha (/^水 Ijt) ;
(launch) kojokisen (小 蒸氣 船).

legal , hdkwa (法貨).

to open s, kaisatsu (開 礼) s.

Tender, i.v. sashi-ne tvo s ; nyusatsu
(入札) s.

Tender, a. (of meat, plants, etc.)
yawaraJcal ; (easily injured) yowai ;
tayowai ; (easily pained) ki no yowai ;
kanji-yasui ; aori-ai ga tsulcu ; (of
negotiators) iva]dcimpan (談判 j, or
hanashi, ga matomaru ; wa]sddaii
(相談) i7« deki-ru.

Termagant, n. garni- gami iu onna.

Terminable, a. (of a contract) yosii
koto no dekiru ; kaijo (解除) no deki-

Terminate, t.v. yame-ru ; (a con-
tract) kaijo (解除) s [Com. Co.].

Terminate, i.v. owaru ; shimal ni
nam ; (of a season) ake-ru ; (of an
affair) kyoku (局) wo musvhu.

Termination, n. shimai ; shulcyoku
(終局); owari ; ketsumatsu (結 永);
(of a word) gohi (語尾) ; (Japanese
gram.) te-ni-ioo-ha.

of a contract, kalyaJcu (解


Terminology, n. (terms of a
science) yoga (用語) ; jutsugo (術語) ;
(theory of) meishogaku (名! ^ 學 )•
Terminus, n. slmten ; saishuten (最
終點) ; Iciten (起 點).
railway saishu-teisliajd . ( 最

終 淳車塲 ).
Termite, n. shiro-arl

Tern, n. (sterna sinensis) ajisashi ;

noddy , knro-ajisashi.

white , shiro-ajisashi.

Ternstroemia japonica, mok-

Terrace, t.v. (groimd) dan (壇) ni s.

Terra- cotta, n. aka-tsuchiyaki.

Terrapin, n. suppon.

Terrestrial, a cMkyr/jd (地球上) ?^o ;
(mundane) seken (世間) no ; uJciyo no.

Terrible, a. osoroshii ; hkloi ; Icowai.

Terribleuess, n. osoroshisa.

Terribly, adv. osoroshlku ; hidoku.

Terrific, a. osoroshii ; (in violence)

Terrify, t.v. odokasu ; odorokasu ;

to i)e ied, iamaqe-ru ; bikkuri


Territorial, a. ryodojo (さ 頁 土 上) no ;
(pertaining to a district) cniho (地力)

integrity, ryodo-hozen (領土


waters, rybkai (領海).

Territory? n. (feudal) rybhun (領分) ;
(of U.S.) shil (州) ; (of a state) ryochi
(領地) ; ryodo ; hanto ; Jcokudo (國

savage (in Formosa), hancJii

(蕃地) ; ま ai (蕃界 ).

witnin Japanese , Nihon-

ryonai ni ; Nilion no hanto-nai (版
, 圖內) ni.

Terror, n. (fear) Icowasa ; kyofu (恐

Hosted b ん OO ヌ

~^^-^’: ,3 ,え! ij^’ ぁビ’ J”5 リ., 一 ,


t 8S2 1


Terrorism, n. (intimidation) Jcyd-
haku (脅迫) ; Icomamote ; (govern-
ment by terror) hogyaku-seiji (暴虐
政治). ‘

Terse, a. tsudzumatta ; (elegantly
concise) kanketsu (簡潔) na.

Tersely, adv. tsudzwmtte ; (of com-
position) – —— –

Terseness, n. (of style) kanketsu.

Tertian ague, kaknjUsunetsu (隔日
熱). .

Tertiary, a period, daisanki

(第三 期),

syphilis, da isanki-ba idoJcu

(^三 紀 15: 毒).

Tessellated, a. (marked like a
checkerboard) gohan-gata no.

Test, t.v. tamesu ; tame shite mi-ru ;
kokoro-mi’ru ; shiken 錄) s ; gimmi
(吟味) s ; (the working of an engine)
‘– ” (試 述轉) wo s.

Test, n. (cupel) rut.nibo ; (trial) tame-
shi ; koJcoro-mi ; shiken ; gimmi ;
(touchstone, fig.) shikinseki (1^ 金石) ;
(standard) hydjun (標準) ; (re-agent)
shiyaku (^^).

firing, shiken-shagekl (試 驗

射撃). ‘

paper, shikenshi (試驗 系み).

room, hunsekijo (分 折 所).

tube, * ; khiJcenJcwan (試驗

worKing’ (of a machine),


to toe a of, no/shoko (證據 ) ni


to put one’s loyalty to the

, cliugi (; £、 義) no shingi (fgf^)

wo tameshi ni kake-ru.

Testament, n. (will) yuigonsho (jg
言 書) ; yuisho. ‘

New , Shiny a Icu-ze nsho (新 糸 勺


0】d , Kyuyalcu-zensho (舊糸 勺 全

‘ 書). –
Testamentary, a. yuigon no.

Testator, n. miaonsha (vf-f^)
[Civ. Co.].

Testicle, n. Jdntama ; kin ; kbgwan
(睪丸 )♦

s (scrotum), inno (陰 囊).

Testify, t.v. shdko (證據 ) ico tate’ru ;
sti6ko-date-ru ; ひ

Theocracy, n. shinsei ; shinken-

seitai ; kami-yo.

Theocratic* a. shinken-seitai no

shinsei’teki (^iijijl^ 的) no. ,

Theodolite, n. keiigi (經 龍).

Hosted by^^OOQle

Tliat, conj. io [postpositive] ; as,
he says …… there are, aru to iu ;

(after vbs. of thinking or hearing)
to; yd ni. _

in order , tame ni, or yd ni,

following yh.

seeing , mon da kara at end

of clause.

so (in order that), yd ni.

so , hodo following yh.

Tliatcli, t.v. kusa defuku.

ed house, kusaya.

ed roof, loara-huki ; kaya-


Tliatcli, n. kusa ; [kaya, a grass,
wara, straw, and yoshi, a reed, are
used for thatch].

Tliatclier, n. yane-fuH.

Thaw, i.v. toke-ru.

Tliaw, t.v. toJcasu.

Til aw, n. yujci-dolce ; shimo-dolce ;

Tlie, def. article, usually untranslat-
ed in Japanese.

… day, tdjitsu (嘗 日); that
,.. man, are ga ibnin (當 人)

S Director of Cus-

‘, zeikwancao no 8. mn.

, hodo ; as,

sooner better, hayai hodo

iioroshii ; older he grows

worse lie becomes, ioshi wo

torn hodo waruJcu nam ;

higher you climb colder

it grows, ndboreba nohoru hodo
samuku naru.

Tlieatre, n. (building or perfor-
mance) sJiibai ; geJcijd (劇 蕩) ; (with

name) za (座); as, Kabuki ,

Kabulci-za ; (the building) shibai-go-

Theatrical, a piece, kybgen

(狂言) ; IcabuJcL
Theatricals, n. shibai ; engeki (演

amateur , sJiirdto-shibai.

to give , shibai wo yarn.

Tliee, pron. nanJL


[ 885 ]


Tlieolog’ian, n. shingakusha (神擎

Theological, a. shingaku no.

school, shingakkb (神學 R).

Tlieolog’y, n. shingaku.

natural , tenrigaku (天理 學) ;

shizen-shmgaJcu (自然 神學 )•

positive , kakatei-shingalcu

(確定 神 學).

rational , goi’i-s/angaku, t 合

理神 學).

revealed , ten/cei-shmgaku [i^

啓 神 學). ‘

school of (sect), shingaku-


sysTiematic sostiiki-shm-

gaku (組織 神學 )•
Theorem, n. teirl

iDinomial , nikoshiki-telri (二

項 式 定理).

multinomial , takdshiJci-teiri

(多項式 定理).
Theoretical, a. riron-teki (理論的)
no ; riJcuisujd (理窟. 上) no ; suiri-teki
(推理 的) れ0 ; .
Tonnage, n. tonsil (噸数) ; (weight
of goods carried) tsimii^daka.

gross , sd-tonsu [j^MMM.)-

registered , tbho-tonsu (登簿

噸 15:).

dues, tonzei (噸税 ).

Tonsorial, a. rihatsu (理髮 ) no.
Tonsure, n. sakayaki.
Tonsil, n. hentosen (扁! • 兆 腺).
Tontine, d. *.

Too, adv. (also) mo ; mo yaharl ; (ex-
cessively) amari ; when it qualifies

an adj. in Eng is often expr. by

the vb. -siuji’Tu suffixed to the stem
of the adj. in Japanese ; as, to be
long, naga-sugi-ru.

it is black (blacker than

desired), kuroJcute ikenai.
. it is dark to see, kurakute


much, yokel (餘 計) ; yokel


to be mucli, amaru ; o-sugi-

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 900 ]


to drink much, nomi-

sugosu ; notni-sugi’Tu.

to eat much, tabe-sugosu ;


Tool, n. dogu (道具) ; Icigu (器具) ;
kdgu (工具); (fig.) te-saki. 一

intrenching’ s, doico-kigu (土

ェ 器具).

to be used as a (fig.), o saki

ni tsukaware-ru ; dogu ni tsulca-

Toot, i.v. pu’pu tofuku.

Tootli , n. ha ; (of a wheel, comb) ha ;
(of a saw) me ; ha.

back , okuha.

canine ……. kiba ; kimba [vtilg.].

carious , musliiba.

crown of a , ha no atama.

false , ireha ; gishi (義齒 ).

fang* of a , ha no ne.

front , maeha.

gold , Iciniba.

imperfect teeth, (in childhood),

in the teeth, of the wind, kaze
ni sakamtte.

oblique , yaeba.

one’s aches, ha ga itaL

one’s teeth, are set on edge,
ha ga uJcu.

projecting” teeth, deppa ; soppa.
to blacken the teeth (as Japa-
nese women do), o haguro wo isuke-
ru ; kane ico tsuke’ru ; ha wo some-
ru ; to remove black dye from
the teeth, o haguro, or kam, wo
hagasu, or oiosu.

to brush the teeth, ha wo miga-

to cut a , wa]ha ga hae-ru.

to escape by the skin of one’s
teeth, koko (虎 口 ) wo nogare-ru.
to gnash the teeth, (in sleep)
ha-gishiri wo s ; (in pain) ha-gami
wo s.

and nail, sei-ippai (精一杯)


to pull out a , ha wo nuku.

to set the teeth of a saw, noko-

giri no me wo tate-ru.

to show the teeth (of a dog), ha

wo muki-dasu.

upper , uwdba.

Tootliaclie, n. ha-itaml ; shltsu (齒

to liave the , waha (ja itai.

Tootlibrusli, n. ydji ; (Japanese)
fusa-ydji ; (European) seiyd-yoji (西洋
揚 枝)’; yoko-ydji ; hake-ydji.

Tooth-clye, n. o haguro ; kane.
Tootliecl, a. (of a wheel) ha-tsuki no.
Toothless, a. ha no nuketa..
Toothpick, n. koydji ; kuromojl ;

Tootlipowder, n. ha-migaki.
Too til -puller, n. Jm-nuki.
Toothsome, a. oishii.
Top, n. ue ; (of the head) teppen ; (of a
mountain ) chdjd (項 上); ue ; zetcho
(fg 項) ; teppen ; (of a vegetable) ha
[i.e. leaves] .
fighting …… s, senshbrb (船 檣 樓).

to come out on , nufcmde-ru.

to get on the of, nojue ni

noru, or agaru.

to put on the of, no/we ni

Top, n. (spinning) koma.

to spin a , koma wo mawasu.

Top, t.v. (surpass) Icosu ; nij sugure-ru.
Topaz, n. kwogyoku (黄玉).
Topboots, n. naga-gutsii.
Toper, n. o-zake-nomi ; jogo (上戸).
Top-hat, n. taka-ho ; reibo (禮帽 );

Top-lieavy, a. atama-gachi na ; sora-
IcdbuJci si ma.

Topic, n. hanashi ; dm (jp).

a for conversation, hanashi

no tang.

Topknot, n. chommage.

Topmost, a. ichioan ue no.

Topographical, a bureau,

chirikyoku (地 ま 1 局).

dictionary, chimei-jisho (地

名字 書).

guide (to famous sights),

meisho-annaiJci (名所 案内 gtl)’
Topography, n. chikeigaku (地形

Hosted by Google


[ 901 ]


Topple, i.v, okkocM’Tu.

Top-spinner, n. koma-mawashi.

Top- spinnin g”, n. koma wo mawisu
gei ; Jcyokugoma ; koma-maicashi no

Topsy-tlirvy, adv. ahekohe ni ;
sctkcisama ni.

Torch, n. taimatsu.

Torclilig’lit, a procession,

taimatsu-gydi’etsu ; kyokwa-gydre-
tsu (炬火 行列).

Torment, t,v. seme-ru ; kurushime’
ru ; (tease) り’ ime.ru ; ni/karakau.

to to death., nahurl-korosu ;

nahuri-goroshi ni s.

Torment, n. kurushiml ; kutsu (苦

Torn, a. yahuketa ; saJceta.
off”, chigireta.

Tornado, n. tsimvji-kaze ; scmvu (旋

Torpedo, n. suirai ; sulralkica (水雷
ik) ; (fish) shibire-ei.

fish. , gyokei-suirai (魚 形 水

雷). –

to lay es, suirai wo sldlcu,

chins ま u (沈 設) .9, or fasetsu (敷設)

school, s u iraijidsu-rensJwjo

(水雷 術 練^所).

Torpedo-boat, n. suiraiteL

depQt-ship, sidraitei-hokan


flotilla, suiraitel-iai (水雷艇


Torpedo-boat-destroyer, n. sid-
rai-kuchiJcukan (水雷 騸逐 き) ; suirai-
kuclnkuiei ; sinrai-hakicaikan (tK 雷

Torpedo-tube, n, suiral-hassha-

kwcin (水雷 發射’ to [a. n. mon (門)].
Torpid, a. to be , (numb)

shihire-ru ; (with sleep) nemuru ; ut-

tori .9.

Torpor, n. shihlre.

of the senses, chikaku-cld-

don (知 覺遲 鈍).

Torrent, n. (violent stream) hyuryu
(急流); hmjase.

mountain , tani-gawa ; Icei-

ryil (溪 流).

s of rain, shajiku (車 車 由) wo

nagasu yo na ame.

Torreya nucifera, kaya.

Torrid, a country, nekJcoku

zone, neitai (熱 帶).

Torso, n. do (胴).

Tortoise, n. kame ; kame no Jco.

Tortoise-sliell, n. hekkd (驚 甲);
(superior kind) taimai (Jfljii).

Tortoise-sliell, a. hekkd no.

of artificial , badzu no [made

from horse’s hoof].

Tortuous, a. unetta ; magari-lcunetta ;
neji-kureta ; (deceitful) tachi no warm.

Torture, n. (extreme pain) kuru-
shimi ; kutsii f 苦痛) ; (ifi- treatment)
gyakutai (虐 ; kashaJm (呵責) ;
(examination by) gbmon (栲 『口,).
water , midzu-zeme.

Torture, t.y. (pain extremely) kuru-
shime-ru ; seme-sainamu ; (ill-treat)
gyakutai s ; (examine by torture) wo)
gomon ni kake-ru ; smw’ru,

to to death, nalniri-goroshl

ni s.

Toss, t.v. (throw) nage-age-ru ; (of a
bull) nag&tohasu.

to off (a drmK), nomi-hosu.

to the head, atama ico furl-


Tossing*, n. (as, at sea) doyo (動搖 )•

Total, n. shime-daka ; sdkei (總、 計) ;
shime ; sd-daka ; gdkei (合 [used

also for grand as dist. from

shokei レ J 、計)].

what is the ? shimeie ikura.

Total, a. in comp. so- ; zen-.

abolition, zempai (全 廢).

abstainer, kinshv.sha (禁酒


abstinence, kinshu.

the amount, sd-daka ; so-

gaku (總、 額) [of money only].

the number, sb-kadzu ; sosu


Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 902 ]


…… eclipse of the moon, ges-

ふ M-fcaifci (月蝕 皆 旣).
loss, zenson (全

Totality, n. (of an eclipse) kaiki.

Totally, adv. maru de ; mattaku ;
zenzen (全然).

to be ignorant of, wa/sap-

pari, or maruldcvri, shiranai.

Totter, i.v. (of persons) hyoro-hyoro
s ; hyoroisuku ; (of a building, etc.)
gura-gura s.

Totteringly, adv. hyoro-hyoro [to] ;
‘ yoro-yoro (io) ; gura-gura.

Touch, t.v. (come in contact with)
ni/fure-ru ; (be in contact with) to/
kuttsulcu ; (meddle with) wo/ijiru ;
nijsaicaTu ; (affect) kanjl-sase-ru ;
– Tea ndd (惑 ilj ) sase-ru .

to up (a picture, etc.), ni/ie

too ire-ru.

Toiicli, i.v. (be in contact) ataru ;
sawarl-au ; (geom.) sessuru.

to at (call at a port), ni/yoru ;

ni/kiko (寄 ^) s. . . …

to upon (a subject), no/koto,

or hanashi, ni oyohu.

Toiicli, n. (act of touching) te-zawari ;
(artistic) atari ; (musical) te no sae.
a .;…. (stroke of brush), hitofude.

organs of , shokkwan (觸


sense of , sholckaJm (觸覺 ).

to keep in with., tojkwankel

(關 係) wo iji (維持) s.

to lose with., tolkwankei wo


Toucli-liole, n. kicamon (‘入門).

Toxic liing*, a. aware na.

Toucliiiig’, prep- as , ni tsuite

wa ; ni Jcwanshite wa. . . .

Touch-me-not, n. tsnri-fune-sd ;

hosenkwa (鳳仙花).
Touclistone, n. tsuke-ishi ; tameshi-

ishi ; (fig.) shikinseki (試 会 石).
Toucliwoocl, n. kusare-gi ; hokuchi.
Toucliy, a. ki-mudzukashu ; oicorip”

poi ; Jiara-tachippoi.

Tougli, a. (hard) katai ; (of meat)
koicai ; (tenacious) nehai.

Toug^liness, n. katai koto ; kowai
koto ; nehai kcto ; (degree of) kaiasa ;
kowasa ; neham.

Toupet, n. kamoji.

Tour, n. お ns/m (天き) ; (outside wrest-
lers’ booth) yagura-dai.

clock , tokei-dai.

observation s (along coast),

hard (SS).
Tower, i-v. sobie’ru.

Hosted by Google


[ 903 ]


Tow-line, n. Jdkidzuiui ; funahUd-

Town, n. macJii ; shickft (市中);
(capital) miyako ; (post) sliulcu (宿);
(for mnnicipal purposes) shi (市);
(round a dalmyos castle) jdJca

Town -hall, n. machi-gwaisho (町 會

Town-officials, n. machi-yaJamin.

Towns-people, n. s み imiji ( 市民);
chonin (町人).

Towpatll, n.fanahiki-michi.
Toxicology, n. dokuyakuqaku (靠藥

學). .
Toy, n. omocha ; mote-asohi ; gwangu

[i/t-Mi) ; (fig-) gwanrbhutsu (玩! ^ネク 刀).
Toysliop, n. omocha-ya [a. n. Jceii

(if)] ; (jwangusho (玩具’ 商).
Trace, n. (mark left) ato ; ato-kata ;
kata ; (vestige, clue) te-r/akari ; kei-
seki (形跡) ; sdseki (踪 跡) ; (in chem.
analysis) konseki (痕跡).

to cover one’s …… s (of a crimi-
nal), cdo ICO nigosu, or kura-

to disappear witliout leaving*

a , Icage mo katachi mo mienu

yd ni nam.

Trace, t.T. (through, tracing-paper,
etc.) suki-utsusu ; wo/hiki-idsushi ni
s : (follow by trace left) no I ato wo
sosaku (搜 索) s, or sensaku (穿 墜)

he was d as far as K, K

made wa ashi ga tsuita.

Tracery, n. (lattice-work) kdshi-zal-

ku (格子 細工).
Trachea, n. Jcikiccm (氣
Tracheotomy, n. Jdkwan-sekkai

(氣管 切開).
Trachome, n. (eye-disease) tora-


Tracing* -paper, n. usuyd ; yoshino-

Track, n. (mark left) ato ; (footprint)
ashi-ato ; (road) michi.

Track, t.Y. nojato wo ou ; okkake-ru ;
tsuiseki 跡) ん

Trackless, a. hUo-aski no taeta ;
jinseici ( 人 J^) no taeta.

Tract, n. (region) tochi (土地) ; chiho
(地方); (reJigions) [shukyb-] sasshi
(宗教 册子) ; 霞 ho (雜 書).

Tractaole, a. otonashn ; sumo na ;
jiijun (從 HII) na ; junryo na.

Traction, n. hiku koto.

engine, gairo-kikwansha (街

路汽纏 車).

Trade, n. (commerce) shogyo (商 it) ;
(international) hoeki (贸 易) ; koeki
(交易); (dealings between individu-
als) tori-hiki; (of an individual) shohai
(商. 賈); shoho (商法); (in a particular
article) akinai ; haibai (寶 買).

Board of , shomukyoku (商務


carrying’ , kaiungyb (?每 運 i^).

coasting” , enkai-hdeki ( i^ff^

置 易).

condition of , shokyd (商 况).

free …… , jiyu-hdeki ( 自 由貿急 ).

jack of all s, yorodzum.

to be jack of all :s and

master of none, mangel (萬 藝) rd
icatari, ichigei ni juku no ; ni kwan

(關) suru.

Treat, n, school (picnic), gak-

kd-yusan (‘—f: 校 遊山).

to be a , yxikicai i^W^) de


to stand , ogoni.

Treatise, n. romhun (liii 文); in
comp. -ron.

Treatment, n. (conduct towards)
tori-aisukai ; taigu ; shi-muke ; shi-
uehi ; ashirai ; (mode of dealing with
a question) iori-atsukai ; shochi (@
W:)’, shohun (^^) ; short
710- ; ~kekoroenaL

Unadulterated, a. mazemono れひ

nai ; junsui (純 粹) na.
Unadvisable, a. yoroshiku nai;

voku nai ; also expr. by the neg.

form of appropriate verb foil, by ho

(方) ii-
it is for you do that, so

shinai ho ga ii.
Unadvised, a. (rash) shiryo (思慮)
no nai ; keisotsu (輕卒 ) na ; mujum-
hetsu (無 分 BiJ) na ; muyami na.

Unadvisedly, adv. shiryo naku ;
mucha-kucha ni ; keisotsu ni ; muya-
mi ni ; mufmnbetsu ni.

Tin affected, a. (in manner) Icidora-
nai ; (sincere) aritei na ; ari no mama
na ; tori-tsukurovcanai.

Unaided, a. intorl-aachi no ; ippon-
dachi no ; tasuke-nashi no : tetsudai-
nashi no.

Unaided, adv. hitori-daeJd de ; ip-
von-dachi de ; tasuke-nashi ni ; teisu-
dai-nashi ni.

Unalienable, a. yudzuri-icatasare-
nai ; yudziiri-icatasM no dekinai.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 923 ]


XJnaUoyed, a. (unqualified) shin (眞)

Unalterable, a. kaerarenal ; henko

(ま 更) sarenai.
Unaltered, a. sono mama no ; hen-

Icb shinai ; kawaranai ; moto-aorl no.

XJualtereclly, adv. sono mama ni ;
kawaradzu ni ; ai-kawaradzu ; moto
no tori ni.

XJn amiable, a. aikyo (愛橋) no nai ;
aisd (愛 相) no nai ; hiiaisd (不愛 相)

XJiiaiiiiably, adv. buaisd ni.

XJnainusiiig*, a. omoshiroku nai ;
fuyuJcicai (不’ fe^’ 決) na ; tsumaranai ;
(of books, etc.) shumi (@^) no nai.

TJiianimity, n. gd-i (合意) ; iichi (一
致) ; 〔/ddd-Uchi (合同 一致) ; kyoica (協

Unanimous, a. itchi shita ; godo-
itchi shita ; iqi (異議) no nai ; (with-
out the opposition of any) manjo-
itchi (滿塲 一致) no ; gd4 no.
to be , itcM s ; qbdo-itchl s.

Unanimously, adv. itchi shite ; godo-
itchi shize ; gd-i ni ; igi naJcu ; (nem.
con.) manjo-itehi shite.

Unanswerable, a. kotaerarenai ;
ii-kaesarenai ; heiilcai (辨 解) no deki-

Unaiiswerableiiess, n. kotaerare-
nai koto ; ii-kaesarenai koto ; henlcai
no dehinai koto.

Unanswerably, adv. kotaerarenai
yd ni ; ii-kaesaj^enai yo ni.

Unanswered, a. (not refuted) hen-
lcai no mi ; (not replied to) kotae wo
shinai ; (unrequited) kanji (惑) no

U II anticipated, a. omoigaJcemd ;
zonji-yoranu ; omoi-yoranii ; zongicai
(存タ 卜’) no ; igicai (意 夕 卜) no. ‘

Unappropriated, a. (not granted
to any person, etc., to the exclusion
of others) mu-shozoku (無 所屬) na ;
slioyu-nushi no nai.

… … fund, jumbi-kin (準備金).

Liiiarm, i.v. yoroi ico nugu ; (remove
armament) huso (武装) wo toku.

Unarmed, a. tebura no ; sude no.

Unarmed, ady. tebura de ; sude de.

Unariiiourecl, a. (of a ship) lusbko
(無 装甲) no. ■

Unasked, adv. tanomarenai no ni ;
dare kara mo tanomarenai de ;
yobaredzu ni.

XJiiaSSUliiiiig”, a. kenson (謙 遞) na ;
takahuranai ; kenson-teki ^m) no tori de aru ; jnzen (從 前)
■no tori de aru ; wa] kaioari ga ncd,

Uncliangiiig’, a. ka 職 ranai.

Unchangingly, adv. kaicaradzu nl.

Uiicliaritable, a. faninjd (不人情)
na ; omol-yari no nai ; (not generous)
jihishin (慈悲心) no nai ; fiijin (不仁)

Uiicliaritableness, n. funinjd ;
omoi-yari no nai koto ; mu-jihi (無 慈
悲 )•

Till charitably, adv. funinjd ni ;
omoi-yari naku ; mu-jihi ni.

Uncivil, a. Uisaho (不 f 乍、 步) na ; soya
(ffiif ) na ; (not complaisant) huaiso
(不愛 fH) 滅 ; also mo nai.

Uncivilized, a. Urakenai ; mlkal
(未開) 旭 ; ycihi (野鄙) na ; (lacking
in conveniences, etc., used of Dlaces)
hempi (邊 |K) 蘭’

Uncivilly, adv. husaho ni ; huaiso
ni ; aiso mo naku.

Unclasp, t.v. ml tome u’o hadzusu.

Uncle, n. oji.

Unclean, a. kegareia ; fuketsu (不窗 )
na ; fiijb (不淨 ) na ; kitanai ; yogore-

CJucleanness, n. he リ are ; fuketsu :

iJnclourlecl, a. hare-kltta ; sukkari
hareta ; se’iro (淸 期) na ; (fig.) kumori
no nai.

Uncock, t.v. (agun) m)/wc んレ; /ome u’o

Uncoined, a gold, klnkwai


metal, jl-gane-

…… silver, g’mkicai (銀塊).

UiiCOlOiirecl, a. chakushoJcu (着き)
no nai ; saiskiki (彩色) no nai ; in
compounds often shlro-, or shir a-.

crape, shiro-chirimen.

prints, sumi-e ; bokugwct (墨


wood, shira-kl.

Uncomfortable, a. kokoromoehi
no warui ; fu-yukwai (不愉 ‘決) na ;
kokoromoehi no yoku nai ; (incon-
Yenient) fu-jiyu (不自由) na ; fyiben
(不便) 德 ; (of clothes) ki-nikui ;
IcyTikutsu (窮屈 ) na.
you must have found it very

, sazo go fu-jiyu de gozai-


to feel (mentally), kurd (苦

勞) s ; shimpai しじ、 酉 U) s ; kokoro-
moehi waruku omou.

to live in, i-gokoro ga warui.

»”to sleep in, ne-gokoro ga


to wear, ki-gokoro ga warui.

Uiicomfortableiiess, n. fu-jiyu ;
fuhen ; fu-yukwai ; or other equiv. of
Uncomfortable foil, by koto.

Uncomfortably, adv. kokoromoehi
waruku ; fu-yukwai ni ; fu-jiyu ni ;
fuhen ni.

Uncommon, a. (infrequent) mare
na ; ke-u (稀 na ; suhunai ; metta ni
nai ; hijb (^常) na ; hihon ;
(rare) medzurashii ; kikwai {^%) na.
very , Uo-mare na.

Uncommonly, adv. (seldom) ke-u
ni ; (specially) hijd ni ; hihon ni ;
Jcakuhetsu (格 glj) ni ; tokiibetsu (特別 5

TJiicoinproinisiiig*, a. (inflexible)
sunao de nai ; (obstinate) gwanko
固) れ a. ; fakntsu (不屈) oia ; kataiji

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 926 ]

Uncompromisingly, adv. gwanko
ni ; fukutsu ni ; kataiji ni ; kyoko (§ 虽
硬) ni ; ippo (一歩) mo yudzuradzu.

Unconcern, n. mu-kwankei (無闥
%) ; heikl (牟氣 ) ; mu-tonjaku (無

to show , tonjakiL shinai ;

heiki (平 氣) de oru.

Unconcerned, a. kamawanu ; mu-
kwankei na ;’ ke-nen shinai ; mu-ton-
jaku na,

to be , heiki de oru.

to look on , hokwan (傍- 觀) s ;

sumashite mite oru ; shiishu-hokwan

to pretend to be , shiranu

kao wo s.

Unconceriieclly, adv. mu-kwankei
ni ; kenen sedzu ni ; mu-tonjaku 7ii ;
heiki de ; yonen (fe’t) naJcu.

Uiiconclitional, a. mujdken (無!^
件) na ; tanjun (單 純) na [Civ. Co.,
etc.]. 一

surrender, mujdken no fcoftan

(降 參).

UuCOllditiolially, adv. mujoken
ni ; joken nashi ni.

Un c omt or mable, a. furuiai na ;
fu-sbb (不 相應) na ; awanai.

Unconscionable, a. fu-jdri (不 f 祭
3E|) 7ia ; riJcutsu (理屈) ni awanai.

demand, fumemboku (不面

目 ) ? 10 yokyu (要; S).

person, haji wo shiranu Idto.

Unconscionably, adv. fu-jbri ni ;
also expr. by periphrasis moshi-wake
ga nai ; or ai-sumimasenu following
gerund of appropriate verb.

Unconscious, a. (not apprehended
by consciousness) mu-ishifci (無意識)
na ; (without cerebral appreciation)
kizetsu (氣絕 ) shita ; shotai (正 鉢) no

I am of having” saia ,

itta oboe wa nai. ‘

to become , muctiu (夢中) ni

nam ; jinji-fusho (人事 不 ni
nam ; zengo-fukaku (前後 不覺) ni
nam ; kizetsu s ; wd]ki (氣) ga
tbku naru.

Unconsciously, adv. shiradza-ski-
radzu ni ; uka-uka to ; omowadzu-shi-
radzu ; ware-shiradzu ; mu-ishiJci ni.

Unconsciousness, n. jlnji-fushd ;
shotai no nai koto ; muchu ni natte
oru koto ; ki no toku natte oru koto.

Uii coil st itution al , a. kokutai (國
体) ni kanawanu ; kempo (憲法) ni
han (反) sum ; iken-teki (違證 、ま 勺 j no
hirikken-teki (非 立憲 的) 俞’ 1^) na ; omo-
siiirolcu nai.

person, iya na liito ; kim na

hito [vulg.].

weather, uitdshil ienJci.

Unpleasantly, adv. iya ni ; kimi
waruku ; fu-yukwai ni ; kokoromochi
100 waruku suru yd ni ; kim ni [vulg.].

Unpleasantness, n. eqtdv. of Un-
pleasant foil, by koto ; (bad feeling)
kanjo no warui koio ; aku-

kanjo (‘惡 ‘怒 tff) ; fukwai na kanjo ;

Uiipopiilar5 a. Idto no hi ni iranai ;
jimho no nai ; (of plays, etc.) jinki
(人 氣) れ nai ; jinki no icarui.
that is a most law, are wa

moUomo min-i (民意) ni aicanai
noritsu da.

XJn popularity, n.fu-Jimbd ; fu-jinki.

Unpractical, a. (of persons) jissai
(! 際) れ i utoi ; (of things) jissai no
yd ^) na.

Unsettled, a. (as, of the weather)
sadamaranu ; fuon (不穩 ) no.

to be , (of a country) doyo (動

搖) s ; fuon de am ; (of a person)
doyo s ; fidei (不定) de aru.

to remain (of a question),

wa]hates?d ga isukanai.

Unslieatlie, t.v. nuku.

to one’s sword, saya ico

harau ; saya-harai wo s.

Uiisliip, t.v. (remove from its place)

Hosted b ん 00 ヌ

[ 940 ]

XJnsiglitliiiess, n.’ equiv. of Un-
sightly foil, by koto.

XJnsiglltly, a. Jcitanarashii ; mit-
tomonai ; mi-nikui ; mi-gurushii.

Un.sig:oefl, a. kimei (記名) m) nai ;
(of a picture) mu-rakkwan (無 落欽)
no ; (of a sword) mumei (無名) no.

Unskilful, Si. fu-jukiiren (不熟練) no ;
heta na ; mijuku (未熟) no ; bu-kiyo
(不器用) れ ひ ; (at games of skill) ude
no saenu ; (in literary composition)
fude no tatanu ; (of workmanship)
bu-salku (不 細!!) na.

Unskilfully, adv. fu-jukuren ni ;
heia ni ; mijuku ni ; hu-kiyb ni ; ou-
saiku ni.

Unskilfilllies.S, n. fu-jukuren ; mi-
juku ; hu-Jciyd ; hu-saiku.

Unsociable, a. Uto-dzuJci no icarui ;
huaiso (不 愛ネ 目) na ; also no nai ;
kdsal-glrai na.

Unsociableness, n. equiv. of Un-
sociable foil, by koto.

Uii sociably, adv. hualsd ni ; also

Unsold, a. nrenai.

to remain , iire-nokoru.

goods, nekashi-mono.

XJnsopliisticatefl, a. ohoko na ;
iibu na.

girl, oboko-musume.

Uiisorted, a. fu-soroi na ; shurui-
wake no shite nai.

Unsoimcl, a. (sophistical) jakuten (弱
i^) no aru.

person of mind, seishin-

bydsha (精神病 者).

Unsoundness, n. jakuten no aru

Unsparing”, a. kiUshii ; ydsha (容
赦) no imi ; omaka na ; enryo-esJiaku
(遠慮 會釋) no nai.

to toe (in criticizing), enryo

na/cu hyd (評) s.

Unsparing’ly, adv. enryo naku ;
oshige naku ; enryo-eshaku naku.

Unspeakable, a. iu ni iioarenu ;
iwarenai hodo no ; kotoha ni tsuku –

Unspeakably, adv. iwarenai hodo.
tin specified, (i.futei (不定) ? lo.

Unspotted, a. otm (汚 點) no mi;

mu-kidzu na.

Unstable, a. (of persons) koshln (恒
J じ、) no mi ; (of things) ochi-tsukanai.

equilibrium, fuantei-heiko

(不安定 平 銜).

Unsteadily, adv. gura-gura ; fura-
fura ; hyoro-hyoro.

Unsteadiness, n. equiv. of Un-
steady foil, by koto.

Unsteady, a. suwari no wand ; (of a
person) gura-gura shita.
to be , gura-gura s.

Unstitch, t.v. no/nui-me wo tolcu.

Unstring, t.v. (a bow) hadzusu.

Un studied, a. yokd (豫考 ) no nai ;
yobl (^IS) shinai.

Unsuccessful, a. fu-seiko (不成功)
na ; joju (成就) shinai ; shi-togenai.

to be , shipped (失敗) s ; yaH-

sokonmi ; shi-togenai.

Unsuccessfully, adv. fu-seiko ni ;
JOJU sedzu ni ; shi-iogedzu ni ; nan
no kd mo naku ; kekkwa (結果) naku.

Unsuitable, a. fusdd (不 相應) na ;
fu-ielcitd (不 ま當) no. ; fatsugo (不都
合) ? ‘

tJiisuitableness, n. equiv. of Un-
suitable foil, by koto.

Unsuitably, adv. fusdd ni ; futsugo
ni ; fa-tekitd ni ; fu-niai ni.

Unsurpassed, a. and p.p. kono ue
mo nai.

this book is by anything-,

kono hon no migi ni deru mono wa

Unsuspectingly, adv. nani gokoro

Unsuspicious, a. utaguri no mi ;
mu-jaki (無 邪氟) iici.

Unsuspiciously, adv. utaguri naku ;
mu-jaki ni.

Un sy in met r ic al , &. fu-soroi na.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ

[ 9il ]


tJnsymmetrically, adv. fu-soroi

Unsystematic, a. kbits it (規律) no

Unsystematically, adv. kiriisu


Untenable, a. torn ni tarlnal

Untliinkiug-, a. (careless) fuchili (チ
注意) na ; shiryo し f 、慮) no nai;
(thoughtless) sokotsu (粗, 忽) na ; kei-
kotsu (輕忽 ) na.

Until in kill gl y , adv. fuchui ni ;
shiryo naku ; keikoisu )d ; sokotsu
ni ; nani gokoro mku.

Till thriftily, adv. sekken (gff 儉) sedzu
ni ; rohi (^’g) shite.

Until rift in e s S, n. muda-dzukai
sum koto ; sekken shinai koto ; rohi
(M^) suru koto.

Until rifty, a. sekken shlmi ; rohi
su7’u ; muda-dzukai sum.

Untidily, adv. fushidara ni ; musa –
gurush’iku ; tori-midashite.

Untidiness, n. equiv. of Untidy

foil, by koto.
Untidy, a. (of persons) fushidara na ;

musagiLrusJdi ; (of things) tori-mida-


Until, prep, and conj. v. Till.

a ship cannot enter port

she lias obtained pratique,

fune ica kyokasho (許可 證) ico eia
ue, or ato, cle nakereba, nyfilcd (入港)
suru koto ga dekinai.

it was not I came to Japan

that , Mhon e kite kara haji-


Untimeliiiess, n. fuji (不時) na
koto ; toJci naranu koto.

Untimely, a./wji no ; told naranu.

Untouclied, a. to be , (com-
plete) sokhuri shite i-ru ; te wo
tsukedzu ni aru ; (unharmed) huji
(無事) c?e aru.

Untoward, a. futsugd (不都合) na.

XJntrocldeii, a. ashi ico fumi-ireta
koto no nai.

Untrue, a. uso no ; kyomo (虛妄 ) no ;
7nukei (M^) no ; fu-shinjitsu (不眞 S;)

110 ; itsuicari no ; ftijitsu no ; honto
de nai.

Untruly, adv. itsmcaite ; kyomo ni ;
muJcei ni ; fu-shinjitsu ni.

Un truth, n. uso ; kyomo ; mukei ;
fu-shinjitsu ; itsuicari.

XJiltrutliful, a. fujitsu na ; uso wo

person, usoisuki.

Uiltrutllflilly, adv. fujitsu ni ; fu-
shinjitsu nl ; itsuwatte.

Untrutllt’lllliess, n. fujitsu ; fu-
shinjitsu ; fushin ; uso wo in koto.

Uli tuneful, a. chbshi-hadzure no.

Untwist, t.v. no/yori wo modosu.

Unused, a. (as, of a stamp) tsuJcawa-

Unusual, a. hijd (#仨 常) na ; hibon
(非凡) ヌ< tada naranu ; (rare) mare

nothing has happened,

Iccmatta koto ga nai.

very , iio-mare na.

V. also Uncommon.

Unusually, adv. hijd ni ; hibon ni.

XJimtterable, a. hoarenal hodo no ;
iu koto no dekinai hodo no.

Uim tt e r al> 1 y , adv. hcarenal hodo ;

111 koto no dekimii hodo.

Unveiling’, n. (ceremony) jomaku-
shiki (除幕式).

Uu ve ntilat e d, a, to be , 謂 ュ

Jci ga komoru.

Unversed, a. (in, ni) kurai ; tsugyd
(MBS) shinai.

Unwarily, adv. fuchui ni ; naomri
ni ; rydken-nashi ni; shiryo (思、 慮)
naku ; mi-sakai naslii ni.

Unwariness, n. fucJmi ; naozari.

Unwarrantable, a. futsugd (不都
合) na ; futo (不當 ) na ; fu-tekito [7^
齒當) れな; iimre mo nai ; riyil (理由)
no nai.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 942 ]


Unwarrantableness, n. futsugd ;
futb ; fu-tekitd.

Unwarrantably, adv. futsugd nl ;
fuid ni ; fu-tekitd ni ; midari ni.

Unwary, a. fuchfd na ; naozari na ;
mi-sakai no nai ; shiryo no nai.

Unwearied, a. ga 観 n-dzuyoi ; isu-
karenai ; fuJcutsu (不屈) no.

XJnweariedly, adv. gaman-dzuyoku ;
tsukaredzu ni ; fukutsu ni.

XJnweariedness, n. gaman-dzuyoi
koto ; isukarenai koto ; f ukutsu.

Unwell, a. to be , fukwai (不快)

de aru ; wa]ambai, or kagen, rja
warui. •

Unwieldiness, n. equiv. of Un-
wieldy foil, by koto.

Unwieldy, a. (of persons) ko 應 hi-
nikui ; atsukai-nikui ; (of things)
atsukai-niJcui ; kasahatta.

Unwilling”, a. konomasHku nai.

an answer, fusho-husho na

hentb (返 笞).

to be , iyagaru.

Unwillingly, adv. (against one’s
will) iya nagara ; iya da keredomo ;
(with the appearance of unwilling-
ness) fushd-husho ni.

XJnwilliiig’iiess, n. iyagaru koio ;
konomashiku nai koto.

to acknowledge defeat,


Unwind, t.v. maki-modosu ; malci-

unwisdom, n. (of a certain course
of action) iokusaku け 唇 策) de nai koto.

Unwise, a. (foolish) laJcarashii ;
bakdbakashii ; (inadvisable) fuioku-
saku na.

iJnwisely, adv. hakarasUku ; baka-

Unwittiiigiy, adv. shiradzu 7ii ;
shiradzu-shiradzu ; muchi (無知) ni ;

Xjnwomaiilj”, a. onJicmshiku nai.
Unwonted, a. (infrequent) ke-u (稀
有)? ; mare na ; itsu ni nai ; (Tin-

accustomed) expr. by the indef. form
of the verb foil, by narenai ; as,

an spectacle, mi-narenai


Unwontedly, adv. hijd (非常) れ i;
itsu mo yori.

XJllWOllteduess, n. (infrequency)
ke-u ; mare na koto ; ito-mare na

Unworldliness, n. zokurl (俗 里) wo
hanareta koto.

Unworldly, a. zokurl wo hanareta ;
zoku-ke no nai.

an person, iehi (市) no inja

(隱 者) ; sldin (市隱 )•
tJnwortliiness, n. equiv. of Un-
worthy foil, by koto.

Unworthy, a. (unbecoming) fasdio
(不ネ 目當) れ ひ; ni-awanai ; (worthless)
kachi (價 値) no nai ; koyo (功 用) no

of, ni/m-aicanai.

Up, adv. ue ni.

cannot sit , okite iraremi.

this side with care, uwa-

muki ydjin (用心).

time is , kokugen “> soio ni ; (unless) neg.

pres. foil, by de xca. ‘

can do , ,! nakute mo u.

I cannot show you in first

learning’ your business, donna
koto [I am lea sore ico uketamcmaranu
<ie wa inidari nl annai (案内)

it goes saying”, vidsu ni


it opens a key, kayi ga

nakuie mo ake-ru.

to do , naslii de s.

due cause, seito {^fcl) れ o

riyii (iJIrJl) naku shite.

waiting” for a reply, kwaUd

ICO matadzu shlie.

Without, adv. soto nl ; (on tlie out-
side) (jwaihu (タト/ fK) ni.

v itli stand; t.v. iro/kolxmM ; ni I
h(imukau ; ni/telkd (抵抗) s ; nilteki-

/”u 敵對) niikd m) s.

Witless, a. chie (お l 慧) no nai ; saichi
(才知) no nai ; (/iidon (愚、!^) na ;
or oka na.

AViliiess, n. (examined as a re-
ference, unsworn) sankdnln (參 考
人) ; (one present to attest) tachiai-
nin ; (one who testifies) shonin (證
A) ; slwko-nin (證據 人).

eye , mohmgeklsha (FIS?#) ;

geiiiba (現場) no shonin.

in thereof, sono shdho (證

據) to shite.

Witticism, n. kokkel {]fi’f§) ; zare-
(joio ; odoke ; share.

Wittily, adv. odolcete ; kokkel nl.

Witty, a. (amusing) ndoketa ; share
vo iu ; (of a person) tondd (頓智) na ;
(of a thing) kokkel na ; shareta.
to “be , odoke-ru ; share wo iu.

Wizarfl, n. mahd-tsukcd ; majidsuka
(魔術 家) ; ydjutsusha iMM^)’
I Woe, n. (calamity) saiwm (災 Hg) ;
I loazmmi ; (grief) kanashimi ; Mai (悲
I 哀).

I iVoe-begOiie, a. Mai nl shidzunda ;

j Woeful, a. kanashli ; UamashiL

Woefully, adv. kcmashiku ; itamashl-
! ku.

I Woeful lie SS, n. kamshisa ; hlai
‘ Wolf, n. らレ ami.

to cry , hi no nai hansltb (半

鐘) wo utsxi.

to keep the from the door,

ue wo sJiinogu.

Wolf’s-bane, n. toH-kahufo ; kahu-

Woman, n. onna ; ona リ o ; fujbi は帝
人) ; (the sex) onna to iu mono ;
(as (list, from man, danshl) joshl (女
子) ; fiijo きお)’

black-toothea , toshi-ma.

old , ohdsan [polite] ; hahCi ;

rojo (老 も) [word most nsed in

polite conversation].

women’s rights, joken (女 權).

there’s a in it, onna no

kioankei (關 f 系) (/a aru.

Woman liood, n, jo set (女性).

Woinaiiisll, a. ouna-rasMl ; meme-

\^0】nauisliIy, adv. onna-rashiku ;

AVoinaiiliiiess, n. onna-rasHl koto.

Womanly, a. onna-rashii.

Womb, n. shlkyu (子宮) ; ko-tsu ち o.

flexion of the , shilcyii no

た た” (屈曲).’ .

Woucler, n. (cause of) fashigl ; kimyd
(奇妙) ; Jdlcwai (奇怪) ; (feeiing) odo-
roki ; Wckuri sum koto ; keigaku (驚
愕) ; (I ま en (仰天) ; (thing done) id-
seJci (奇 Ig) ; (thing to be seen) Jcikwan
(奇觐 ).

It IS a it does not break,

yoJcu koicarenai monda.

it is no that, mo muri (無理)

wa nai, following verb,
i no I ddii (道理) de.

Hosted b ん OO ヌ


[ 980 ]


Wonder, i.v. odoroku ; hikJcwi s ;
f/yoten s ; keigaku s.
‘ I should not if ,

lea mo shirenu.

I if anyone has come, dare

ka kita ka shim ま.

I whether, expr. by the

interrogative probable future usual-
ly foil, by some expletive ; as,

I whether it will rain,

ame gafuriniashd ka ne !

I …… who has come, dare ga

kitaridard. ,

not to be ed at, ayashinm ni


to at, wojldtai (奇 鉢) ni

omou ; wo/fashUji ni omou ; icoj
ibukaru ; ico/ayashimu ; (with ad-
miration) kanshin (惑, じ、) ni omou.
Wonderful, a. kimyd (奇妙、) na ;
Jcitai (奇体) na ; medzurashii ; fushigi
na ; (admirable) kanshin (惑, じ、) na.

Wonderfiilly, adv. Jdmyd ni ; k’dai
ni ; fushigi ni ; medzumshiku ; (ex-
cellently) myd ni ; mlgoto ni.

Woiid erf Illness, n. eqniv. of
Wonderful foil, by koto.

Wonsaii, n. Gensan (tcMO-

Wont, n. (habit) imrc ; shfikican (習
慣) ; narawasJii.

Woo, t.v. ni/ai (愛) wo motome-rii ; ni/
did (fl) wo motome-ru.

Wood, n. Jci ; mokuzal (木材’) ; zal-
moJcu (材木) ; (forest) morl ; shinrin
i^’W) ; kodacM ; hayashl.

a piece of , ki-gire.

fire , maJci ; takigl

Woodcock, n. hodoshigi ; hotaslar/i ;
uhashigi ; [the name in most general
use, though incorrect, is yamashigi].

Woodcut, n. mokuhan (木 れ o dzu

Woodcutter, n. kikori ; soma.
Wooded, a. ki no shigetta ; Jci no

AVoodeii, a. ki-dziikuri no ; ki no ;
mokusei (水 製) no ; ki de tsukiitta.

sword, hohutb (木 7J).

vessel (of war), mokkan (木

耀 )•

Wood-engraver, ii. kujorl-shl ;
chdhokko (周 $ 木: に) ; mo1、:uh(ui-sh’i (水
版 師).

Wood- e iigr av ill g”, n. mokuhan no
dzu ; (the art) chohoJcajutsu (周 $ 木 術).

Wood-house, n. Jd-goya.

Wood-louse, n. (lai^e) ome-mvshi ;
(small) icaraji-mushi.
sea , funa-mushl.

Woodpecker, n. (generic) kera-tsu-
tsulci ; ki-tsut sulci ; iera-tsut sulci

great black , kuma-gera.

great spotted …… , aka-rjera.

ey-lieaded , yama-gera.

pan green , ao-gera.

Japan spotted , ko-gera.

saphiopipo noguchii, nor/ucM-

riponax ricliardsii, tsusJdma-

white-backed , o-akcKjera.

Wood-rilff, n. Jmrumaba-sd.
Wood-riisli, n. suzume no hlyu.
Woocl-sorrel, n. mlyama-katahami
Woody, a. ki no ol ; ki no shigeita.
Woot, n. niikl-ito ; yoko-iio.
Wool, n. yd7nd は!^ 宅) ; (yarn) kc-ito.
Wool-(lyC(l, a. ori-iro no.

AVool-gatli eriiig”, n. honyarl shiie

or It koto ; hoshin (きな》 じ、).
Woollen, a. ke de otta ; ydmosel (羊
$ 製) no ; ke-orl no.

cloth., rasha ; mdfu 布).

goods, ke-orimono.

yarn, ke-ito.

Word, n. kotoha ; (as dist. from act)
gengo (胃 語) ; (message) saia ; skim-
se ; (signal) aidzu ; (tidings) iayori ;
shdsoJcu (ft, ま、) ; inshin (音信).

s (of actors on the stage),


book of s, suji-qald ; kyaku-

hon (脚本). ‘

by of mouth, kojb ( 口 上) (7e.

in a , te-mijiJcaJcu ieba ; hito-

kuchi ni ieba ; ichigon (一言) ni ;
rijaJaif/en 言) seba ; yakiujen (約
*) seba. ‘

Hosted by Goo ヌ k



[ 981 ]


in other s, go (fft) wo kaete

ieha ; l-icdnj/en (j^ 言) sureha ; u-

to eat one’s s, shokugen (食

^ ) 5 ; gen ico ha’inu.

to have s, gekiron (激 fj^) s.

to leave , ii-okii ; “u-nokosJiite


to send , itte yarn.

without a , ichif/on mo Uca-


for , chiku-icM ; choJcu-

yaku (直 譯) uL

of command, gdrel (號令 )•

Word, i.Y. to badly, ica] koto-

ha-dzukai ga heta de aru.

Wording*, n. monku ; huntel (文体) ;

Wordy, a. icujen (多言) na ; Jcoioha no


Work, n. shigoto ; kdji (工事) ; (book)
chojutsu (著述) ; (deed) shiwaza ; tco-i
(行 爲); shor/yd (所業); (labour) ro-
dd (勞 p); hataraki .、 dosa (fjjft-) ;
(manufacture) saiku ほ田ェ ) ; kosaku
(工作) ; seU’aku (製作).

hard , hone- or I.

it is hard , hone ga ore-ru.

money due for done, nkeol-


public s, dohoku.

public s department 3 do-

Ijoku-kyokn (土木 局).

to be the of (an artist), noj

saJcu (怍) de aru.

to go to upon, nijie ko

isuke-ni ; nl/chakushu (着手 j s.

to set to , (i.v.) shigoio nl

kakara ; (begin an engineering
enterprise) klko (|EX) s ; (t.v.)
shigoto ni tsiikase-ru ; ni/sJiigoio wo

to set to on, (i.v.) niltorl-

kaJcaru ; ni/cJiakushu s.

Work, i.v. hataraku ; slugoto s ; ru(t()
(勞 働) s ; gyd (業) ICO itonamu ; (act
on the stomach or “bowels) k’lku ; (at
one’s trade) kasegii ; (ferment) hakko
(醱酵 ) s ; (proceed with difficulty)
jinryoku shite, or hone-otie, foil,

by the indic. of the appropriate verb.

a scheme s out, kiiffi (IT: 夫)

ga deJcl-ctf/aru, or tsuku.

to hard, yoh a Juilarakn ;

henkijd (勉强 ) s.

to well (of a machiue), ica]

(juai ga yoi.

Work, t.v. (a mine) sailciitsu (採掘)
s ; (at a work of art) saUciL (宗 ffl— に)
.s- ; (embroider) nui-toru ; nul-haku s ;
) ; (remains of the wreck) hakwal-
huisu (破壞 物).

Wren, n. miso-sazai.

Wreucli, t.v. (twist) nejlru.

to oft’, neji-toru.

to open, neji-ake-ru.

Wrencli, n. (instiTunent) neji-maica-
shi ; (sprain) kujiJci.

Wrest, t.Y. neji-toru ; (fig.) hojlrl-
dasu ; (from another’s grasp) mogi-
toru ; (turn from the truth) kojl-

Wrestle, i.v. sumo wo ioru ; (fig.)
arasou ; Jcisou.

Wrestler, n. sumo-tori ; rikishl (力
士) ; (polite term of address) o seki-
torl san.
champion , ozekl.

Wrestling*, n. sumb ; (another kind)
jiijutsu (柔” I 析) ; yawara ; judo (卖 道)
[the art of self-defence] ; (at the
Ekoin, Tokyo) homhasho [as distinct
from hana-zumo, wrestling in the
piwinces or elsewhere].

Wretcli, n. yatsu ; warumono.

contemptible , hjasldi ya-

poor ……, kaicai-so, or aware, na

yatsu ; hakume’isha (薄命 者).
Wretclied, a. (despicable) iyashii ;
hisen (§K 賤) ? * ひ ; (jesen (卞! 3 差) na ;

(paltrv) kctclii no nai ; tsumaranai ;
(very miserable) aware na ; asama-
shii ; nangi (||’^) na ; nanjn (難、 D
na ; (very poor) Iconhiju (困窮) na ;
hlnhyu (爱窮 ) na.

Wretched ii ess, b. (misery) nanjn
(難 谧); nangi (難儀); konnan (困
維) ; (of spirit) yu-utsu ; utsu-iUsu ;
(poverty) hinlcyu ; hisen.

Wriggle, i.Y. notakuru ; nota-ucld-

Wring*, t.v. (twist) nejiru.

to money out of, nilkane

ICO yusuru, or nedari-dasu.

to out (as, in washing), shi-

horu ; neji-shihoru.

to the neck of, wolshlme’ru ;


Wrinkle, n. shiwa.

Wrinkle, t.v. nijshiwa wo yose-i^a.
d, shlwa no yotta.

Wrinkle, i.v. ni]shma ga yoru.

Wrist, n. te-Jcuhi.

Wristband, n. sode-guchi.

Writ, n. (leg.) reljd (令状).

Write, t.v. kaku ; shUatame-ru ;
(compose) sakulmn (作文) s ; chosaku
(著作) s.

to omit to , kaJci-otosu ; kaJd-


to a “book, hon (本), or sho-

moisu (書 f| 勿), ICO arawasu ; chosaku
(奢 作) s.

to down, kakl-tsuJce-ru ;


to in, kakl-‘ire’ru ; kaJci-


to over again, Jcakl-naosu ;


to to, nillcaite yam.

Writer, n. (clerk) shoki (書記); (of
a letter) JcaJd-te ; hissJia 者) ; hik-
Jcisha (筆記^) ; (of books) sakusha
(作 教) ; r.hosaJaisha (著作 教) ; cho-
jutsuslM (著述 者).

Writ lie, i.v. ml wo mo(jalcu ; nota-
kuru ; nota-uchlmawarii.

Hosted by し OOgle



[ 985 ] XYL

Writiug”, n. (act) kaJdmono ; kaku
Jcoto ; (book by an author) chojutsu
(著述) ; (characters) moji (文字) ;
(handwriting) /e ; hisse/d (舞: 跡) ;
shuseki (手 ij) ; (what is written j
kakimono ; Icaita mono.

English. , Eibun (英文).

in , kaJa-tsuke de ; JcaJci-tsuke

too motte ; shomen (書面) de.

tQ learn , te-narai wo s ; shvji

{^^) wo s.

on walls, etc., raJcu-r/aJci.

Writiug-box, n. (Japanese) suzuri-

Writing-desk, u. (box) hunko (文
庫) ; (table) ka/cimono-tsukue.

Writiug-master, n. tenaml-jlsJid ;
shnji (穷 字) no sensei (先生).

Writing -school, n. tera-koija

Writiiig-tal>le, n. kaklmono-tsukue.

Written, a. kaita.

examination, shijo-shiken

(紙上 試驗) ; hikkHmMyshikeii.

judgment, hanketsiisho (列

决 書).

report, hbkolcusho (報告


Wrong’, a. (bad) warul ; yoku nai ;
faryo {/f.’K) na ; (mistaken) machi-
(jatta ; gobyu iMW) れ 《 ; (ま accord-
iDg to good morals) fusel (不正)

is •, (incorrect) fuib (不當 ) da ;

(the wrong one) chigau.

the side (of a piece of cloth),


to be , machigau.

to go the road, mkhl wo


to hold by the end (as, an

umbrella), saka-de nl mot sit.

to twist the way, gyaku

(逆) ni nejiru.

side uppermost, ahekohe ;


Wronj», 11. (injury) songal (提 害);


you are in the (mistaken),

(JO rydken (量 見) diigai da.
Wroii^”, adv. macMgaite ; also expr.
by sGkomu, suffixed to the indef.
form of the verb ; as,

to do , shi-sokonau.

to hear , kiki-sokonaa.

to write , kaki-sokonau.

Wrou$» -, t.v. sokonctu ; nilnai wo s.
Wrongful, a. fusel (不正) na ; faho

(不法) na ; muho (無法) na.

imprisonment, fuhd-kankin

Wrougliilly, adv. fusei ni ; muho

ni ; faho ni ; midari ni ; muri-mutal

(無理 無 鉢) ni
Wroii g*f nine ss, n. fusel ; muho ;

fuJid. ,

Wrongly, hcIy. fuid (不等) ni ; machi-

Wry, a. (twisted) nejireta.

face, shiJcami-dzura [vulg.].

Wryneck, n. arisui.

Xaiitliiiim striimariuiii, 麵-


Xaiitlioxyliim ailaiitlioide, ka-

rasu no sanshb.
X. piper i turn, .mnsho (山椒).

X. planispinum, fuyu-zansno.

X-rays, X-kwosen (光線).

Xyloplione, n. (Chinese liarmonica)
mokkin (木琴).

Hosted by




[ 986 ]


Yaclit, n. * ; ijiisen (遊 船).
Yalii liiver, dryoJckd (鴨綠 江).
Yam, n. yatsu-gasliira.
Yard, n. (garden) naka-niwa ; (rd’eas-
iire) yar な ; (of a sail) lio-geta.

Yarcl-arni, n. ho-rjeta no said.
Ifarii, n. [to ; (story) monocjatari.

cotton , momen-ito ; mensJd


gassed , (jasu-iio.

Yawn, n. akuhi.

Yawn, i.v. akuM too s.

Year, n. toski ; nen (ip.) ; sal (j 鼓)
[only in speaking of age].

all the round nenju (年中).

end of the . , kure ; nemmaisu

(年末). .

every other , ichlnen old ni ;

kakunen (Ri 年).

feast to see the old out,

honenkwai (忘年 會).

first half of the , johankl (上


fiscal , kicalkel-nen (會ト f ト 年).

for s and s, nannen mo.

for s past, nenrai (年 來),

how many s ? nannen ; Iku


how many s old? tosJn tea

ikutsu ; nan sal.

in former s, sennen (先年).

last , salcunen (Hi ニ牵) ; hyo-

nen (去年). ‘

leap , junnen (閱 年); nril-


lunar , tailn-nen (大陰 银).

new , shinnen (新 牟). 一

New ,s day, (jwanjiisu (元

B). ‘

Wew ‘s time, o shogicatsu (正


next , rainen (來 年).

second half of xJie , shlmo-


sidereal , seinea (星 年).

the fixed , nengen (年 吸).

the last but two^ issaku-

saku-nen (— Rj^ 々 年) ; saki-otoioshi.

the next but one, saralnen.

the before last, issaku-nen ;


this , kotoshl ; idnea (當 年) ;

lionnen (本年).

within the , nennal (年 內).

by , 節 men (年 々 )•

Yearly, a. nennen (年々) ? ; mainen
(每 年) no. 一

accounts, saikel (鼓 計).

amount, nemhun (牟 分) ;

nengaku (年額).
Yearly, adv. mainen ; nennen ; toshi-
doshl ; toshigoio ni,

Xearii, i.v. to after, shiicm ;

aiho (愛 s ; (of a lover) rembo (戀
s ; kol-sh’itau.

Yeast, n. moio ; kdjl ; kobo (醉 母).

Yell, i.v. icameJcu ; omeku ; donaru.

Yell, n. saJcehl-yoe.

Yellow, a. Jciiro na ; klirol ; yama-
hiOd-iro no ; %ilcon no.

golden , dr/onshoku (黄金色)


fever, kwonetsu (黄熱) ; o-

netsu (黄き

River, Kmga (i§ 河).

seto – ware, ki-seto.

Yellow, n, kiiro ; ki ; kicoshoku (JtJ
; ukon ; yamabuki-iro.

golden , ogonshoku.

races, kicoshoku-jinshu


YeUOAvisli, a. Jdhanda ; yaya Idlro
na ; yctya Jcuroi.
to become , k’ibamu.

Yeli>, i.v. kyan to naku.

Yeomanry^ n. giy fi-kihel (義勇 騎兵).

Yes, adv. he I ; (in assent to a pro-
posi は on) sayo ; sayd de gozaimasu.

a reply or no, inaya (否 ャ)

no Jienji ; iya lea o ka no henji.
please, doka negaimasu.

Hosted by



[ 987 ]


Yesterday, n. & adv. kind ; saku-
ヌ (昨日).

tlie day before , IssakujUsu

(ー卩 お 日) ; ototoi.

evening”, sakuhan (卩 ぉ晚) ;

sakuyft [Wp^)-

morning-, kino no asa ; saku-

chd (昨朝).

Yet, adv. (at the same time) sluJcasJii ;
keredomo ; shlkashi nagara ; ga ;
(still) mada ; nao ; […… is some-
times expr. by mo ; as, iias the bell

rung” ? mo kane u'(i . naiUi


and , desu <ja.

not , mada [verb, if any,

neg.] ; as,

he Jias not come, maaa


. ew, n. sua ; ichli ; araratji.

Yield, t.v. (produce) san { j^}) s ; deki-
ru [E. ol)j. + J. sul)j.] ; (resign)

grapes wine, budd de hudd-

shu (葡 f j 酒) ga deJciru.

Yield, i.v. (assent) nattoku (ま 内 得) s ;
slibclii (承知) .9 ; shodaku (承諾 j s ;
ddl (同意) s ; I リ丄 リ /ュ-


(乙 卯) 19 F


リ l^J JJji^ ノ ひ丄 ロリ 》


(丁 已) 28 J


10 rri?^^ 16 F 98



(己 未) 5 F


12 f ほ? 由 ) 25 J 1800



(辛 酉) 13 F


レ tlT/X ソ o 上 J<i»


(癸 亥) 23 J





(甲 乎) 11 F


2 cr 31 J 05

” V- f に 1 1- ノ リ丄 リ JXJ »


(丙 寅) 18 F


4 r 丁 卯、 7 F 07

乂に J ク ノ 1 丄 Vf , ♦


辰) 28 J


6 rp 14 F 09

リ V L-# Lliy 丄 1 丄 ひ鲁


(IS 午) 4 F


8 ひ g 去、 25 J 11


(壬 申) 13 F


10 广祭 西、 1 F 13


(甲 戍) 20 F


12 (んま ヽ 9 F 15


(丙 子) 29 J





(戊 寅) 5 F


, 2 fpJjm 26 J 19.

, I 僵 -ク” ノ A リ ひ «*• V •


(爽 辰) 14 F


4 r^P^ 3 F 2T

V, 一 t – I, i ノ ひ 丄 «W JL •


(壬 午) 23 J


6 f^^fe^ 11 F 28

V 、 つ、 ノ XX 丄 ^%^0


(甲 申) 31 J


8 (乙 酉) 18 F 26.


(两 戌) 7 F


10 (丁亥) 27 J 27.


(戊 子) 15 F


12 (已 丑) 4 F 29,



天 保

(庚 寅:) 25 J


2 (辛 卯) 13 F 31.


(壬 辰) 2 F


4 (癸 已) 20 F 33.



6 (乙 未) 29 J 35.


(丙 申) 17 F


8 (丁酉) 5 F 37.


(戊戌) 26 J


10 (已 亥) 14: F 39.




12 (辛 丑) 23 J 41.

Hosted byLjOOQle

[ 994 ]



Year oi


(壬 寅) 10



14 r^jffn^ 30 J 43




(甲 辰) 18



2 び, P 丫 7 F 45.

w に CjLu ノ • 丄 ス *^,


(丙午) 27



4 f 丁 4 さ、 15 F 47

•X 、 J ノ 丄リ 上 * •





2 rp®:) 24 J 49.

*v 乂 1 . ^ ノ “エリ A V •


(爽 戌) 12





(壬 子) 21



6 r^TI^ 8 F 63.

リ に ‘ラく J_L ノ u 丄 リ u’



(甲 Si) 29



2 (T 船 17 F 55.

4W V r ノプ” ノ リリ •

(丙 辰) 6



4 r-rp 26 J 67.



午) 14



u 、し/ Tv ノ *-* 丄 ひ </*


(爽 申) 23






(辛 酉) 10



2 (^ネ riJO 30 J 62.

元 治


(癸 亥) 18



丄 OOtc





■LOO リ




L 、



2 15 F 66



(丁 卯) 5



1 QfiR


(戊辰) 25



<C 、し L_j ソ 丄丄 VIC7«

(爽 午) 1



ま K-p7\J 丄ひぶ * 丄,




(甲 戍)


ft (ァ せ、 1875.


(丙 子)


10 r”T7?^ 1877.

丄 丄



1 Q rpi trn ^ 1879.

丄 《3

(廣 辰)


14 r-vr-pi^ 1881

丄ュ 、—卜 L_ i ノ 丄 u 丄 •

上 ひ

(壬 午)


16 ぴ; * 去、 1883.

1 ヴ
丄 急

(甲 中)


1 Q (ァ Wa 1885


(丙 K)


20 f^~r せヽ 1887

“リ に J タン 1VJU, •


4Q 丄

(ft 子)


29 r r»^^ 1889.




24 (领 1891.


‘(壬 辰)


26 (^B) 1893.


(甲 午)


28 C 乙 未:) 1895.


(丙 ゆ)


30 CT 西) 1897.




32 (:已 亥) 1899.


(臾 子)


34 (^31) 1901.


(壬 K)


36 (癸; no 1903.


C 甲 辰)


Hosted byLjOOQle

[ 995 ]


with, examples of the modifications to which they are subject
when used in conjunction with qualifying” numerals.

hi (尾)


hu (部)

for newspapers, complete sets of books, etc.

chaku (^f )

suits of clothing, trousers, etc.

cho (铤)

baskets, candles, forks, guns, knives, razors, samlsen,

scissors, vehicles.

dai (饔)

chairs, tables, vehicles, etc.

e (重)

folds of garments.

eda (枝)


fa (封), tsu (通)


fuku (m)

closes of meclicine, whiffs of tobacco.

4/ し” • V’lw /

paintings in scroll form.

furi (振)


ha, wa {^)


hai (称)

vessels containing liquid.

haJco (If)


hari (張)

curtains, lanterns.

hatsu (發)


km (匹)

fishes, insects, (j_un,drupeds.

hon (本)

cylindrical objects, as, trees, plants, pencils, xiaint-bruslies,


hyd (俵)

bags of rice.

kdbic (株)


ka-sho (筒 所)


ken (軒)


lei (基)

stone monuments.

ん。 (箇)

goods, luggage, hats, regiments, watches, solid objects gene-


kumi (組)

sake cups in sets of three.

kmJcu (脚)

chairs, tables.

mai (故)

flat ttdn objects generally ; as, paper, dishes, clothing.

mei (名)

hitman beings.

mime (棟)




mure (群)


Hosted b ん 00 ヌ

[ 996 ]

nin (人)

liuina.li “beings.

nim-mde ( A Hin

fooa, cups, dishes, etc., when for a specified number of

Till (Ijb)


“2/0 [m)


grains of cereals.


cliests, Clipboards, etc.

books in Yoluines.

sold (售)

boats, snips.

S/W は J

beats of the pulse.

Sim ^ g ;


SO Km.)

boat’s, ships.


pairs of folding screens.

C» 八 7/VJ f t tit

hi) HAL

boots, socks, stockings, r/efd, iahi.

6 ひん W [J^}

fire- wood, yegetiibles, etc., in bundles.

‘SWJl 、助)


cloth, in lengilis.

ieki (滴)


io m)

quadrupeds, whales.

“f《 (通)

letters and M. S. generally.

tsuJm (粒)

pills, grains.

tsui (對)

pairs of vases, etc.

簡 (膳)


zen (膳)

food in bowls (as, riee, etc.).


one, icMbu.
two, nihil.

three, samhu.
four, shibu.

And all the rest are regular.


one, ‘ itchd.
eight, hat chd.

And all the rest are regular.

ten, jitcno.

Hosted by


[ 997 ]

f な.

one, Ippil.



two, nifii.



three, sampil.



four, shij’U.



five, gofii.



six, rorypu.

ten thousancl,


seven, sldehiftl.

– f ま’ 11 follows sfimc moclificatious as/?7, except ” three ,, which is samhuJai.

hai. hiki.




ippai, ippiki,



nihai, nlhikl.

‘ nlhyo,



sanibai, sambiki.




shihai, shihikl,

shihy て),



(johai, (johiki,



7’oppai, rormikl, ‘




shichiha I , shichihiki.



hachiha I, hachihiki,




kuhai, kill hiki,







hy appal, hyappiki,




semhai, senibiki,




■iciiimamh at , i (‘Mmamhiki , i oh Imamhyo,


kasha. ,



































And all the rest are regular

one, ichimai. four,
two, nimai. 1000,
tliree, sammai.

And all the rest are regular.


Hosted by


[ 998 ]




















has so,






And all the rest are regular.












hattai, hattsu.

And all the rest are regular.

one, ichiwa. five, (jowa.

two, niwa. six, roppa, or rokuwa.

three, samha. ten, jipjpci.

four, shma. 100 hyappa, or hyakuwa.

Hundred is soku, except for birds, and all the rest are regular.


These are all formed alike. The following will serve as an example :—



seven, nanasuji.



eight, yasiiji.



nine, Icokonosiiji.



: も



eleven, jidchisujl.



twelve, junisuji.

And so on.

Hosted by し 00 ヌ le

つ’. -T.AT-~..-.,^;^T^-. “t, ,つ 1 一 ご


[ 999 ]



10 7710 (毛) =

1 rin

= 0-0119 inches

= 0-3030


10 rin (M) =

1 J)U

= 0-1193 ,,

= 3.0303

10 hu (分) =

1 sun

= 1-1930 ,,

= 3-0303


10 sun (寸) =

1 shaku

= 11-9305 „

= 0-3030


10 shaku (尺) =

jo =

3 yds., 11-3 inclies

= 3.0303

6 shaku =

ken =

1 yd., 2 ft., 11*5 inches

= 1-8181

60 ken (間) =

C/iO =

119 yds., 11 inches

= 109-0909

3G chd (町) –

o’i =

2 miles, 775 yds.

= 3927-2727

Note. By Law No. 3 of 1891, 1 shaku is equivalent’ to -^g metres.

The ri often, varies with the district, being sometimes reckoned at
50 chd, sometimes at 72.

seki, or shaku ( 勺 )
(10 (合)

t 1 hu


30 hu (歩)
300 hu
3000 bu



hu t :

se m :

tan (段) :
did (町) :

1 tsu()0

0-3953 sq.
3-9538 ,, =

3-9211 poles =
39.2115 ,, =
2 acres, 1 rood,

3211 poles =

: 36 square shaku

0-3305 ceutiares.
0-0330 ares.
0-9917 ,,
9-9173 ,,

99-1735 ,,


10 rin
10 hu


10 sun
10 shaku

. shaku.

The shaku of cloth measure is about 14} る Eng. inclies, and is Jth longer than
the shaku of ordinary linear measure.

2 jo, 8 shaku = 1 ian [ittan) 2 tan = 1 hUcl iiiasa>

Ivanazawa 、3^

■tVdgll 、”! 4 具ハ IXJLU 、能 jgj.


JDiLOllu. ^JtsS *r )•

丄 ottori

xiidua (囚 1 股ん noisj.

W;- 、

Matsue (松 江)

Idzumo (“出 雲), Iwami (石

見), oki m 岐).


Bizen (備 前), Bitchti (備 中),

Mimasaka {% 作).


Aki (安 藝), Bingo (備 後).


Nagato (長 門), Suo (周 防).


Kii (紀 ‘伊).


Awa (阿 波).

Takamatsu (高 松)

Samiki m 岐).

Matsuyama (松 山)

lyo (伊 豫).


Tosa (土 佐).

Jl liivllUilct

rjhikuz^n 1^ 前、. Chikuso (欲

後), Buzen (豐 前).


Bungo (豐 後), Buzen.


Hizen (肥 前).


Higo (肥 後).


Hyuga (日向).


SatsTima (薩 摩), Osumi (大 隅).

Aichi (愛 知)

Shidzuoka (靜 岡)

Yamanashi (山 梨)
Shiga (滋 賀)
Gifu (岐 阜)
Nagano (長 野)
Miyagi (宫 城)

Pukiishima (福 島)
Iwate (岩 手)

Aomon (靑 棘)
Yamagata (山 形)
Akita (秋 田)
TFukiii (福 井)

Ishikawa (石 川)
Toyama (富 山)
Tottori (鳥 取)

Shimane (島 根)

Okayama (岡 山)

Hiroshima (廣 島)
Yamaguchi (山 口)
V Wakayama (和歌 山)

P ( Tokushima (德 島)
ぎ薩) Kagawa (香 川)
W S ) Ehime (愛 嫒)
Kochi (高 知)

‘ Fukuoka (福 岡)

Oita (大 分)
Saga (佐 賀)
Kumamoto (熊 本)
Miyazaki (宫 崎)
, Kagoshima (麇 島)

《額: S QaK〇H

§ ,5 わ HsiaiH

Hosted byLjOOQle

[ 1003 ]

Okinawa (沖 繩)

^Hokkaido (北 海道)

Nafa (那覇 )
Sapporo (礼 幌)

Eyukyli (琉. 球) [Loo-choo].

Ishikari (石 狩), Oshima (渡
島), Shiribeshi (後志),
TesMo (天 鹽), Kitami (北
見), Chishima (千 島), Ibiiri
(膽 振), Hidaka (日 高),
Tokachi (十 勝), Kushiro
(釧路 ), Nenmro (根 室).

FORMOSA [Taiwan (鏖 灣 )]. Local administrative offices.

Taibolm (鏖 北), Kelimg 隆), Gimn (宜 蘭), Sliinkd (深 坑), Toshien (祧
仔 園), Shinchiku (新 竹), Byoritsu (苗 栗), Taichu (鏖 中), Sbdkwo. (寧;^ 化),
Nanto (南 投), Torokn (斗 六), Kagi (嘉 義), Ensuiko (鹽 水 港), Tainan
(臺 南), Banslioryo (蕃 薯 察), Hozan (鳳 山), Ak5 (阿 猴), K5slnin (恒 春),
Taito (臺 東) and Boko 湖).

The capital of the whole island is Taihoku (毫 北), consisting? of the towns of
Taihoku, sometimes called Taipeh, Daitotei (大稻 堤), sometimes called Twatiitia,
and Banka (艋 舺). The next largest town is Tainan (鎏 南) in the south, often
called the capital of South Formosa.


Kinai (畿 內)
Tokaido (東 海 道)

Tosando (東 山 道)

Hokurikudo (北 陸 道)
Sanin-dd (山陰 道)

Sanyaclo (山 陽 道)

Nankaida (南 海 道)
Saikaido (西 海 道)

Hokkaido (北 海 道)

famashiro, Yamato, Kawachi, Idzumi, Settsti.

Ig{i, Ise, Shima, Owari, Mikawa, Totomi, Siiruga, Kai,

丄 dzu, Sagami, Musashi, Awa, Kadzusa, Shimosa,


Omi, Mino, Hida, Shinano, Kodzuke, Shimotsuke,
Iwald, Iwashiro, Uzen, Ugo, Eikuzen, Kikiichti,

Wakasa, Echizen, Kaga, Noto, Etchti, Echigo, Saclo.
Tamba, Tango, Tajima, Inaba, H5ki, Idzumo, Iwami,

Harima, Mimasaka, Bizen, Bitchu, Bingo, AM, Suo,

Kii, Awaji, Awa, Sannki, Tyo, Tosa.

Chilruzen, Chikngo, Buzen, Bungo, Hizen, EHgo,

Hyuga, Osumi, Satsiima, Iki, Tsushima.
Oshima, Ishikari, Shinbesbi, Teshio, Iburi, Kushiro,

Hidaka, Tokachi, Kitami, Nemuro, Chishima.

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